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From: Josh Poimboeuf <>
To: Miroslav Benes <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/3] livepatch: Allow user to specify functions to search for on a stack
Date: Fri, 19 Nov 2021 10:20:05 -0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20211119182005.t3p5iyxyibzktrbj@treble> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

Thanks for doing this!  And at peterz-esque speed no less :-)

On Fri, Nov 19, 2021 at 10:03:26AM +0100, Miroslav Benes wrote:
> livepatch's consistency model requires that no live patched function
> must be found on any task's stack during a transition process after a
> live patch is applied. It is achieved by walking through stacks of all
> blocked tasks.
> The user might also want to define more functions to search for without
> them being patched at all. It may either help with preparing a live
> patch, which would otherwise require additional touches to achieve the
> consistency

Do we have any examples of this situation we can add to the commit log?

> or it can be used to overcome deficiencies the stack
> checking inherently has. For example, GCC may optimize a function so
> that a part of it is moved to a different section and the function would
> jump to it. This child function would not be found on a stack in this
> case, but it may be important to search for it so that, again, the
> consistency is achieved.
> Allow the user to specify such functions on klp_object level.
> Signed-off-by: Miroslav Benes <>
> ---
>  include/linux/livepatch.h     | 11 +++++++++++
>  kernel/livepatch/core.c       | 16 ++++++++++++++++
>  kernel/livepatch/transition.c | 21 ++++++++++++++++-----
>  3 files changed, 43 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/include/linux/livepatch.h b/include/linux/livepatch.h
> index 2614247a9781..89df578af8c3 100644
> --- a/include/linux/livepatch.h
> +++ b/include/linux/livepatch.h
> @@ -106,9 +106,11 @@ struct klp_callbacks {
>   * struct klp_object - kernel object structure for live patching
>   * @name:	module name (or NULL for vmlinux)
>   * @funcs:	function entries for functions to be patched in the object
> + * @funcs_stack:	function entries for functions to be stack checked

So there are two arrays/lists of 'klp_func', and two implied meanings of
what a 'klp_func' is and how it's initialized.

Might it be simpler and more explicit to just add a new external field
to 'klp_func' and continue to have a single 'funcs' array?  Similar to
what we already do with the special-casing of 'nop', except it would be
an external field, e.g. 'no_patch' or 'stack_only'.

Then instead of all the extra klp_for_each_func_stack_static()
incantations, and the special cases in higher-level callers like
klp_init_object() and klp_init_patch_early(), the lower-level functions
like klp_init_func() and klp_init_func_early() can check the field to
determine which initializations need to be made.  Which is kind of nice
IMO as it pushes that detail down more where it belongs.  And makes the
different types of 'klp_func' more explicit.


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-11-19 18:20 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 14+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-11-19  9:03 [PATCH 0/3] " Miroslav Benes
2021-11-19  9:03 ` [PATCH 1/3] livepatch: Move the initialization of old_func to a new function Miroslav Benes
2021-11-19  9:03 ` [PATCH 2/3] livepatch: Allow user to specify functions to search for on a stack Miroslav Benes
2021-11-19 10:17   ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-11-19 18:20   ` Josh Poimboeuf [this message]
2021-11-22  7:57     ` Miroslav Benes
2021-11-22 15:53       ` Joe Lawrence
2021-11-25 10:07         ` Petr Mladek
2021-11-25 10:20           ` Miroslav Benes
2021-12-03 16:01             ` Petr Mladek
2021-11-19  9:03 ` [PATCH 3/3] selftests/livepatch: Test of the API for specifying " Miroslav Benes
2021-11-25 14:39   ` Petr Mladek
2021-11-26  9:20     ` Miroslav Benes
2021-11-26 14:06       ` Petr Mladek

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