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* [PATCH v2 1/2] tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c: Sort by stacktrace before culling
@ 2021-11-24 19:37 Sean Anderson
  2021-11-24 19:37 ` [PATCH v2 2/2] tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c: Support sorting by stack trace Sean Anderson
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Sean Anderson @ 2021-11-24 19:37 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, Andrew Morton
  Cc: Zhenliang Wei, Changhee Han, Tang Bin, Zhang Shengju, Sean Anderson

The contents of page_owner have changed to include more information than
the stack trace. On a modern kernel, the blocks look like

Page allocated via order 0, mask 0x0(), pid 1, ts 165564237 ns, free_ts 0 ns
 register_early_stack+0x4b/0x90
 init_page_owner+0x39/0x250
 kernel_init_freeable+0x11e/0x242
 kernel_init+0x16/0x130

Sorting by the contents of .txt will result in almost no repeated pages, as
the pid, ts, and free_ts will almost never be the same. Instead, sort by
the contents of the stack trace, which we assume to be whatever is after
the first line.

Signed-off-by: Sean Anderson <seanga2@gmail.com>
---

(no changes since v1)

 tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c | 10 ++++++----
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c b/tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c
index 9ebb84a9c731..9ad3772a294d 100644
--- a/tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c
+++ b/tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
 
 struct block_list {
 	char *txt;
+	char *stacktrace;
 	int len;
 	int num;
 	int page_num;
@@ -51,11 +52,11 @@ int read_block(char *buf, int buf_size, FILE *fin)
 	return -1; /* EOF or no space left in buf. */
 }
 
-static int compare_txt(const void *p1, const void *p2)
+static int compare_stacktrace(const void *p1, const void *p2)
 {
 	const struct block_list *l1 = p1, *l2 = p2;
 
-	return strcmp(l1->txt, l2->txt);
+	return strcmp(l1->stacktrace ?: "", l2->stacktrace ?: "");
 }
 
 static int compare_num(const void *p1, const void *p2)
@@ -121,6 +122,7 @@ static void add_list(char *buf, int len)
 	list[list_size].page_num = get_page_num(buf);
 	memcpy(list[list_size].txt, buf, len);
 	list[list_size].txt[len] = 0;
+	list[list_size].stacktrace = strchr(list[list_size].txt, '\n');
 	list_size++;
 	if (list_size % 1000 == 0) {
 		printf("loaded %d\r", list_size);
@@ -199,7 +201,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
 
 	printf("sorting ....\n");
 
-	qsort(list, list_size, sizeof(list[0]), compare_txt);
+	qsort(list, list_size, sizeof(list[0]), compare_stacktrace);
 
 	list2 = malloc(sizeof(*list) * list_size);
 	if (!list2) {
@@ -211,7 +213,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
 
 	for (i = count = 0; i < list_size; i++) {
 		if (count == 0 ||
-		    strcmp(list2[count-1].txt, list[i].txt) != 0) {
+		    strcmp(list2[count-1].stacktrace, list[i].stacktrace) != 0) {
 			list2[count++] = list[i];
 		} else {
 			list2[count-1].num += list[i].num;
-- 
2.33.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 2/2] tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c: Support sorting by stack trace
  2021-11-24 19:37 [PATCH v2 1/2] tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c: Sort by stacktrace before culling Sean Anderson
@ 2021-11-24 19:37 ` Sean Anderson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Sean Anderson @ 2021-11-24 19:37 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, Andrew Morton
  Cc: Zhenliang Wei, Changhee Han, Tang Bin, Zhang Shengju, Sean Anderson

This adds the ability to sort by stacktraces. This is helpful when
comparing multiple dumps of page_owner taken at different times, since
blocks will not be reordered if they were allocated/free'd.

Signed-off-by: Sean Anderson <seanga2@gmail.com>
---

Changes in v2:
- Fix truncated commit message (oops)

 tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c | 23 ++++++++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c b/tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c
index 9ad3772a294d..b91d3381300c 100644
--- a/tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c
+++ b/tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c
@@ -29,7 +29,6 @@ struct block_list {
 	int page_num;
 };
 
-static int sort_by_memory;
 static regex_t order_pattern;
 static struct block_list *list;
 static int list_size;
@@ -134,13 +133,16 @@ static void add_list(char *buf, int len)
 
 static void usage(void)
 {
-	printf("Usage: ./page_owner_sort [-m] <input> <output>\n"
-		"-m	Sort by total memory. If this option is unset, sort by times\n"
+	printf("Usage: ./page_owner_sort [OPTIONS] <input> <output>\n"
+		"-m	Sort by total memory.\n"
+		"-s	Sort by the stack trace.\n"
+		"-t	Sort by times (default).\n"
 	);
 }
 
 int main(int argc, char **argv)
 {
+	int (*cmp)(const void *, const void *) = compare_num;
 	FILE *fin, *fout;
 	char *buf;
 	int ret, i, count;
@@ -149,10 +151,16 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
 	int err;
 	int opt;
 
-	while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "m")) != -1)
+	while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "mst")) != -1)
 		switch (opt) {
 		case 'm':
-			sort_by_memory = 1;
+			cmp = compare_page_num;
+			break;
+		case 's':
+			cmp = compare_stacktrace;
+			break;
+		case 't':
+			cmp = compare_num;
 			break;
 		default:
 			usage();
@@ -221,10 +229,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (sort_by_memory)
-		qsort(list2, count, sizeof(list[0]), compare_page_num);
-	else
-		qsort(list2, count, sizeof(list[0]), compare_num);
+	qsort(list2, count, sizeof(list[0]), cmp);
 
 	for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
 		fprintf(fout, "%d times, %d pages:\n%s\n",
-- 
2.33.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 1/2] tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c: Sort by stacktrace before culling
  2021-11-25  9:46 [PATCH v2 1/2] tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c: Sort by stacktrace before culling weizhenliang
@ 2021-11-25 16:26 ` Sean Anderson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Sean Anderson @ 2021-11-25 16:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: weizhenliang, linux-kernel, Andrew Morton
  Cc: Changhee Han, Tang Bin, Zhang Shengju

On 11/25/21 4:46 AM, weizhenliang wrote:
> On 2021/11/25 3:37, Sean Anderson <seanga2@gmail.com> wrote:
> 
>> static int compare_num(const void *p1, const void *p2) @@ -121,6
>> +122,7 @@ static void add_list(char *buf, int len)
>> list[list_size].page_num = get_page_num(buf);
>> memcpy(list[list_size].txt, buf, len);  list[list_size].txt[len] = 0;
>> + list[list_size].stacktrace = strchr(list[list_size].txt, '\n');
> 
> When read_block gets an empty line, buf is "\n", then the stacktrace is NULL
> 
>> list_size++;
>> if (list_size % 1000 == 0) {
>> printf("loaded %d\r", list_size);
>> @@ -199,7 +201,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
>>
>> printf("sorting ....\n");
>>
>> - qsort(list, list_size, sizeof(list[0]), compare_txt);
>> + qsort(list, list_size, sizeof(list[0]), compare_stacktrace);
>>
>> list2 = malloc(sizeof(*list) * list_size);  if (!list2) { @@ -211,7
>> +213,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
>>
>> for (i = count = 0; i < list_size; i++) {  if (count == 0 ||
>> - strcmp(list2[count-1].txt, list[i].txt) != 0) {
>> + strcmp(list2[count-1].stacktrace, list[i].stacktrace) != 0) {
> 
> And when stacktrace is NULL, a segmentation fault will be triggered here.

Ah, whoops. Looks like I check for this in compare_stacktrace but not here.

>> list2[count++] = list[i];
>> } else {
>> list2[count-1].num += list[i].num;
> 
> 1. Maybe you can check whether the ret of read_block is 0 before add_list,
> or whether the len of buf is 0 in add_list

I think this is the best route.

Since this seems to have already been applied I've sent a follow-up patch.

--Sean


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 1/2] tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c: Sort by stacktrace before culling
@ 2021-11-25  9:46 weizhenliang
  2021-11-25 16:26 ` Sean Anderson
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: weizhenliang @ 2021-11-25  9:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Sean Anderson, linux-kernel, Andrew Morton
  Cc: Changhee Han, Tang Bin, Zhang Shengju

On 2021/11/25 3:37, Sean Anderson <seanga2@gmail.com> wrote:

> static int compare_num(const void *p1, const void *p2) @@ -121,6 
>+122,7 @@ static void add_list(char *buf, int len)  
>list[list_size].page_num = get_page_num(buf);  
>memcpy(list[list_size].txt, buf, len);  list[list_size].txt[len] = 0;
>+ list[list_size].stacktrace = strchr(list[list_size].txt, '\n');

When read_block gets an empty line, buf is "\n", then the stacktrace is NULL

> list_size++;
> if (list_size % 1000 == 0) {
> printf("loaded %d\r", list_size);
>@@ -199,7 +201,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
> 
> printf("sorting ....\n");
> 
>- qsort(list, list_size, sizeof(list[0]), compare_txt);
>+ qsort(list, list_size, sizeof(list[0]), compare_stacktrace);
> 
> list2 = malloc(sizeof(*list) * list_size);  if (!list2) { @@ -211,7 
>+213,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
> 
> for (i = count = 0; i < list_size; i++) {  if (count == 0 ||
>- strcmp(list2[count-1].txt, list[i].txt) != 0) {
>+ strcmp(list2[count-1].stacktrace, list[i].stacktrace) != 0) {

And when stacktrace is NULL, a segmentation fault will be triggered here.

> list2[count++] = list[i];
> } else {
> list2[count-1].num += list[i].num;

1. Maybe you can check whether the ret of read_block is 0 before add_list,
or whether the len of buf is 0 in add_list
2. Is it necessary to check stacktrace==NULL before use ?

Wei.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2021-11-25 16:47 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 4+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
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2021-11-24 19:37 ` [PATCH v2 2/2] tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c: Support sorting by stack trace Sean Anderson
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