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* [PATCH] PM / Sleep: only update last time for active wakeup sources
@ 2018-04-25 23:40 Doug Berger
  2018-04-26  6:30 ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Doug Berger @ 2018-04-25 23:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Pavel Machek, Len Brown, Greg Kroah-Hartman, linux-pm,
	linux-kernel, Doug Berger

When wakelock support was added, the wakeup_source_add() function
was updated to set the last_time value of the wakeup source. This
has the unintended side effect of producing confusing output from
pm_print_active_wakeup_sources() when a wakeup source is added
prior to a sleep that is blocked by a different wakeup source.

The function pm_print_active_wakeup_sources() will search for the
most recently active wakeup source when no active source is found.
If a wakeup source is added after a different wakeup source blocks
the system from going to sleep it may have a later last_time value
than the blocking source and be output as the last active wakeup
source even if it has never actually been active.

It looks to me like the change to wakeup_source_add() was made to
prevent the wakelock garbage collection from accidentally dropping
a wakelock during the narrow window between adding the wakelock to
the wakelock list in wakelock_lookup_add() and the activation of
the wakeup source in pm_wake_lock().

This commit changes the behavior so that only the last_time of the
wakeup source used by a wakelock is initialized prior to adding it
to the wakeup source list. This preserves the meaning of the
last_time value as the last time the wakeup source was active and
allows a wakeup source that has never been active to have a
last_time value of 0.

Fixes: b86ff982 ("PM / Sleep: Add user space interface for manipulating wakeup sources, v3")
Signed-off-by: Doug Berger <opendmb@gmail.com>
---
 drivers/base/power/wakeup.c | 1 -
 kernel/power/wakelock.c     | 1 +
 2 files changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c b/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c
index ea01621..230160e 100644
--- a/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c
+++ b/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c
@@ -183,7 +183,6 @@ void wakeup_source_add(struct wakeup_source *ws)
 	spin_lock_init(&ws->lock);
 	timer_setup(&ws->timer, pm_wakeup_timer_fn, 0);
 	ws->active = false;
-	ws->last_time = ktime_get();
 
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&events_lock, flags);
 	list_add_rcu(&ws->entry, &wakeup_sources);
diff --git a/kernel/power/wakelock.c b/kernel/power/wakelock.c
index dfba59b..4210152 100644
--- a/kernel/power/wakelock.c
+++ b/kernel/power/wakelock.c
@@ -188,6 +188,7 @@ static struct wakelock *wakelock_lookup_add(const char *name, size_t len,
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 	}
 	wl->ws.name = wl->name;
+	wl->ws.last_time = ktime_get();
 	wakeup_source_add(&wl->ws);
 	rb_link_node(&wl->node, parent, node);
 	rb_insert_color(&wl->node, &wakelocks_tree);
-- 
2.7.4

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] PM / Sleep: only update last time for active wakeup sources
  2018-04-25 23:40 [PATCH] PM / Sleep: only update last time for active wakeup sources Doug Berger
@ 2018-04-26  6:30 ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2018-04-26 22:25   ` Doug Berger
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2018-04-26  6:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Doug Berger
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Pavel Machek, Len Brown, Greg Kroah-Hartman,
	Linux PM, Linux Kernel Mailing List

On Thu, Apr 26, 2018 at 1:40 AM, Doug Berger <opendmb@gmail.com> wrote:
> When wakelock support was added, the wakeup_source_add() function
> was updated to set the last_time value of the wakeup source. This
> has the unintended side effect of producing confusing output from
> pm_print_active_wakeup_sources() when a wakeup source is added
> prior to a sleep that is blocked by a different wakeup source.
>
> The function pm_print_active_wakeup_sources() will search for the
> most recently active wakeup source when no active source is found.
> If a wakeup source is added after a different wakeup source blocks
> the system from going to sleep it may have a later last_time value
> than the blocking source and be output as the last active wakeup
> source even if it has never actually been active.
>
> It looks to me like the change to wakeup_source_add() was made to
> prevent the wakelock garbage collection from accidentally dropping
> a wakelock during the narrow window between adding the wakelock to
> the wakelock list in wakelock_lookup_add() and the activation of
> the wakeup source in pm_wake_lock().
>
> This commit changes the behavior so that only the last_time of the
> wakeup source used by a wakelock is initialized prior to adding it
> to the wakeup source list. This preserves the meaning of the
> last_time value as the last time the wakeup source was active and
> allows a wakeup source that has never been active to have a
> last_time value of 0.
>
> Fixes: b86ff982 ("PM / Sleep: Add user space interface for manipulating wakeup sources, v3")
> Signed-off-by: Doug Berger <opendmb@gmail.com>
> ---
>  drivers/base/power/wakeup.c | 1 -
>  kernel/power/wakelock.c     | 1 +
>  2 files changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c b/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c
> index ea01621..230160e 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c
> @@ -183,7 +183,6 @@ void wakeup_source_add(struct wakeup_source *ws)
>         spin_lock_init(&ws->lock);
>         timer_setup(&ws->timer, pm_wakeup_timer_fn, 0);
>         ws->active = false;
> -       ws->last_time = ktime_get();

If it is not initialized here, max_time may not be updated correctly later on.

If you don't want to initialize it to ktime_get() (to avoid the issue
you're trying to avoid), initialize it to something special and then
check for that explicitly in wakeup_source_deactivate() when computing
max_time.

>
>         spin_lock_irqsave(&events_lock, flags);
>         list_add_rcu(&ws->entry, &wakeup_sources);
> diff --git a/kernel/power/wakelock.c b/kernel/power/wakelock.c
> index dfba59b..4210152 100644
> --- a/kernel/power/wakelock.c
> +++ b/kernel/power/wakelock.c
> @@ -188,6 +188,7 @@ static struct wakelock *wakelock_lookup_add(const char *name, size_t len,
>                 return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>         }
>         wl->ws.name = wl->name;
> +       wl->ws.last_time = ktime_get();
>         wakeup_source_add(&wl->ws);
>         rb_link_node(&wl->node, parent, node);
>         rb_insert_color(&wl->node, &wakelocks_tree);
> --
> 2.7.4
>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] PM / Sleep: only update last time for active wakeup sources
  2018-04-26  6:30 ` Rafael J. Wysocki
@ 2018-04-26 22:25   ` Doug Berger
  2018-04-30  8:21     ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Doug Berger @ 2018-04-26 22:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Pavel Machek, Len Brown, Greg Kroah-Hartman,
	Linux PM, Linux Kernel Mailing List

On 04/25/2018 11:30 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 26, 2018 at 1:40 AM, Doug Berger <opendmb@gmail.com> wrote:
>> When wakelock support was added, the wakeup_source_add() function
>> was updated to set the last_time value of the wakeup source. This
>> has the unintended side effect of producing confusing output from
>> pm_print_active_wakeup_sources() when a wakeup source is added
>> prior to a sleep that is blocked by a different wakeup source.
>>
>> The function pm_print_active_wakeup_sources() will search for the
>> most recently active wakeup source when no active source is found.
>> If a wakeup source is added after a different wakeup source blocks
>> the system from going to sleep it may have a later last_time value
>> than the blocking source and be output as the last active wakeup
>> source even if it has never actually been active.
>>
>> It looks to me like the change to wakeup_source_add() was made to
>> prevent the wakelock garbage collection from accidentally dropping
>> a wakelock during the narrow window between adding the wakelock to
>> the wakelock list in wakelock_lookup_add() and the activation of
>> the wakeup source in pm_wake_lock().
>>
>> This commit changes the behavior so that only the last_time of the
>> wakeup source used by a wakelock is initialized prior to adding it
>> to the wakeup source list. This preserves the meaning of the
>> last_time value as the last time the wakeup source was active and
>> allows a wakeup source that has never been active to have a
>> last_time value of 0.
>>
>> Fixes: b86ff982 ("PM / Sleep: Add user space interface for manipulating wakeup sources, v3")
>> Signed-off-by: Doug Berger <opendmb@gmail.com>
>> ---
>>  drivers/base/power/wakeup.c | 1 -
>>  kernel/power/wakelock.c     | 1 +
>>  2 files changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c b/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c
>> index ea01621..230160e 100644
>> --- a/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c
>> +++ b/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c
>> @@ -183,7 +183,6 @@ void wakeup_source_add(struct wakeup_source *ws)
>>         spin_lock_init(&ws->lock);
>>         timer_setup(&ws->timer, pm_wakeup_timer_fn, 0);
>>         ws->active = false;
>> -       ws->last_time = ktime_get();
> 
> If it is not initialized here, max_time may not be updated correctly later on.
> 
> If you don't want to initialize it to ktime_get() (to avoid the issue
> you're trying to avoid), initialize it to something special and then
> check for that explicitly in wakeup_source_deactivate() when computing
> max_time.
> 

I'm a little confused by your meaning. If you are concerned that the
duration calculation in wakeup_source_deactivate() may be compromised by
not initializing last_time in wakeup_source_add() and that an incorrect
duration could find its way into the comparison and update of max_time
then I don't believe that is a realizable concern.

As far as I can see there are no execution paths to
wakeup_source_deactivate() that don't require a call to
wakeup_source_activate() earlier in the path. The call to
wakeup_source_activate() will set the last_time to its proper value for
use by wakeup_source_deactivate().

So it should be safe to leave last_time at its initial 0 value in
wakeup_source_add() without impacting wakeup_source_deactivate() or
print_wakeup_source_stats().

This is the behavior of your original implementation of wakeup sources.
It wasn't changed until the wakelock support was added and as I said it
only appears to be necessary to protect against the timing hazard with
the garbage collecting thread possibly finding the wakeup_source from
the wakelock list before the pm_wake_lock() function has the opportunity
to activate the associated wakeup source.

>>
>>         spin_lock_irqsave(&events_lock, flags);
>>         list_add_rcu(&ws->entry, &wakeup_sources);
>> diff --git a/kernel/power/wakelock.c b/kernel/power/wakelock.c
>> index dfba59b..4210152 100644
>> --- a/kernel/power/wakelock.c
>> +++ b/kernel/power/wakelock.c
>> @@ -188,6 +188,7 @@ static struct wakelock *wakelock_lookup_add(const char *name, size_t len,
>>                 return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>>         }
>>         wl->ws.name = wl->name;
>> +       wl->ws.last_time = ktime_get();

This proposed change forces an early initialization of the last_time for
wakelocks only to protect against accidental garbage collection between
wakelock_lookup_add() and the subsequent call of __pm_wakeup_event() or
__pm_stay_awake() where last_time will be initialized again.


>>         wakeup_source_add(&wl->ws);
>>         rb_link_node(&wl->node, parent, node);
>>         rb_insert_color(&wl->node, &wakelocks_tree);
>> --
>> 2.7.4
>>

Thank you for your timely review and consideration of this patch,
    Doug

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] PM / Sleep: only update last time for active wakeup sources
  2018-04-26 22:25   ` Doug Berger
@ 2018-04-30  8:21     ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2018-04-30  8:21 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Doug Berger
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Pavel Machek, Len Brown, Greg Kroah-Hartman,
	Linux PM, Linux Kernel Mailing List

On Friday, April 27, 2018 12:25:53 AM CEST Doug Berger wrote:
> On 04/25/2018 11:30 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > On Thu, Apr 26, 2018 at 1:40 AM, Doug Berger <opendmb@gmail.com> wrote:
> >> When wakelock support was added, the wakeup_source_add() function
> >> was updated to set the last_time value of the wakeup source. This
> >> has the unintended side effect of producing confusing output from
> >> pm_print_active_wakeup_sources() when a wakeup source is added
> >> prior to a sleep that is blocked by a different wakeup source.
> >>
> >> The function pm_print_active_wakeup_sources() will search for the
> >> most recently active wakeup source when no active source is found.
> >> If a wakeup source is added after a different wakeup source blocks
> >> the system from going to sleep it may have a later last_time value
> >> than the blocking source and be output as the last active wakeup
> >> source even if it has never actually been active.
> >>
> >> It looks to me like the change to wakeup_source_add() was made to
> >> prevent the wakelock garbage collection from accidentally dropping
> >> a wakelock during the narrow window between adding the wakelock to
> >> the wakelock list in wakelock_lookup_add() and the activation of
> >> the wakeup source in pm_wake_lock().
> >>
> >> This commit changes the behavior so that only the last_time of the
> >> wakeup source used by a wakelock is initialized prior to adding it
> >> to the wakeup source list. This preserves the meaning of the
> >> last_time value as the last time the wakeup source was active and
> >> allows a wakeup source that has never been active to have a
> >> last_time value of 0.
> >>
> >> Fixes: b86ff982 ("PM / Sleep: Add user space interface for manipulating wakeup sources, v3")
> >> Signed-off-by: Doug Berger <opendmb@gmail.com>
> >> ---
> >>  drivers/base/power/wakeup.c | 1 -
> >>  kernel/power/wakelock.c     | 1 +
> >>  2 files changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c b/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c
> >> index ea01621..230160e 100644
> >> --- a/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c
> >> +++ b/drivers/base/power/wakeup.c
> >> @@ -183,7 +183,6 @@ void wakeup_source_add(struct wakeup_source *ws)
> >>         spin_lock_init(&ws->lock);
> >>         timer_setup(&ws->timer, pm_wakeup_timer_fn, 0);
> >>         ws->active = false;
> >> -       ws->last_time = ktime_get();
> > 
> > If it is not initialized here, max_time may not be updated correctly later on.
> > 
> > If you don't want to initialize it to ktime_get() (to avoid the issue
> > you're trying to avoid), initialize it to something special and then
> > check for that explicitly in wakeup_source_deactivate() when computing
> > max_time.
> > 
> 
> I'm a little confused by your meaning. If you are concerned that the
> duration calculation in wakeup_source_deactivate() may be compromised by
> not initializing last_time in wakeup_source_add() and that an incorrect
> duration could find its way into the comparison and update of max_time
> then I don't believe that is a realizable concern.
> 
> As far as I can see there are no execution paths to
> wakeup_source_deactivate() that don't require a call to
> wakeup_source_activate() earlier in the path. The call to
> wakeup_source_activate() will set the last_time to its proper value for
> use by wakeup_source_deactivate().

You're right, so this isn't a concern.

> So it should be safe to leave last_time at its initial 0 value in
> wakeup_source_add() without impacting wakeup_source_deactivate() or
> print_wakeup_source_stats().
> 
> This is the behavior of your original implementation of wakeup sources.
> It wasn't changed until the wakelock support was added and as I said it
> only appears to be necessary to protect against the timing hazard with
> the garbage collecting thread possibly finding the wakeup_source from
> the wakelock list before the pm_wake_lock() function has the opportunity
> to activate the associated wakeup source.
> 
> >>
> >>         spin_lock_irqsave(&events_lock, flags);
> >>         list_add_rcu(&ws->entry, &wakeup_sources);
> >> diff --git a/kernel/power/wakelock.c b/kernel/power/wakelock.c
> >> index dfba59b..4210152 100644
> >> --- a/kernel/power/wakelock.c
> >> +++ b/kernel/power/wakelock.c
> >> @@ -188,6 +188,7 @@ static struct wakelock *wakelock_lookup_add(const char *name, size_t len,
> >>                 return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> >>         }
> >>         wl->ws.name = wl->name;
> >> +       wl->ws.last_time = ktime_get();
> 
> This proposed change forces an early initialization of the last_time for
> wakelocks only to protect against accidental garbage collection between
> wakelock_lookup_add() and the subsequent call of __pm_wakeup_event() or
> __pm_stay_awake() where last_time will be initialized again.
> 
> 
> >>         wakeup_source_add(&wl->ws);
> >>         rb_link_node(&wl->node, parent, node);
> >>         rb_insert_color(&wl->node, &wakelocks_tree);
> >> --
> >> 2.7.4
> >>
> 
> Thank you for your timely review and consideration of this patch,

You're welcome.

I'll queue up the patch for 4.18, thanks!

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2018-04-30  8:21 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 4+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
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2018-04-25 23:40 [PATCH] PM / Sleep: only update last time for active wakeup sources Doug Berger
2018-04-26  6:30 ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2018-04-26 22:25   ` Doug Berger
2018-04-30  8:21     ` Rafael J. Wysocki

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