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From: Yicong Yang <>
To: Robin Murphy <>, <>,
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Cc: <>, <>,
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Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 2/6] hwtracing: Add trace function support for HiSilicon PCIe Tune and Trace device
Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2021 16:22:25 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On 2021/11/25 23:49, Robin Murphy wrote:
> On 2021-11-18 09:01, Yicong Yang via iommu wrote:
>> Hi Robin,
>> On 2021/11/16 19:37, Yicong Yang wrote:
>>> On 2021/11/16 18:56, Robin Murphy wrote:
>>>> On 2021-11-16 09:06, Yicong Yang via iommu wrote:
>>>> [...]
>>>>> +/*
>>>>> + * Get RMR address if provided by the firmware.
>>>>> + * Return 0 if the IOMMU doesn't present or the policy of the
>>>>> + * IOMMU domain is passthrough or we get a usable RMR region.
>>>>> + * Otherwise a negative value is returned.
>>>>> + */
>>>>> +static int hisi_ptt_get_rmr(struct hisi_ptt *hisi_ptt)
>>>>> +{
>>>>> +    struct pci_dev *pdev = hisi_ptt->pdev;
>>>>> +    struct iommu_domain *iommu_domain;
>>>>> +    struct iommu_resv_region *region;
>>>>> +    LIST_HEAD(list);
>>>>> +
>>>>> +    /*
>>>>> +     * Use direct DMA if IOMMU does not present or the policy of the
>>>>> +     * IOMMU domain is passthrough.
>>>>> +     */
>>>>> +    iommu_domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(&pdev->dev);
>>>>> +    if (!iommu_domain || iommu_domain->type == IOMMU_DOMAIN_IDENTITY)
>>>>> +        return 0;
>>>>> +
>>>>> +    iommu_get_resv_regions(&pdev->dev, &list);
>>>>> +    list_for_each_entry(region, &list, list)
>>>>> +        if (region->type == IOMMU_RESV_DIRECT &&
>>>>> +            region->length >= HISI_PTT_TRACE_BUFFER_SIZE) {
>>>>> +            hisi_ptt->trace_ctrl.has_rmr = true;
>>>>> +            hisi_ptt->trace_ctrl.rmr_addr = region->start;
>>>>> +            hisi_ptt->trace_ctrl.rmr_length = region->length;
>>>>> +            break;
>>>>> +        }
>>>>> +
>>>>> +    iommu_put_resv_regions(&pdev->dev, &list);
>>>>> +    return hisi_ptt->trace_ctrl.has_rmr ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
>>>>> +}
>>>> No.
>>>> The whole point of RMRs is for devices that are already configured to access the given address range in a manner beyond the kernel's control. If you can do this, it proves that you should not have an RMR in the first place.
>>>> The notion of a kernel driver explicitly configuring its device to DMA into any random RMR that looks big enough is so egregiously wrong that I'm almost lost for words...
>>> our bios will reserve such a region and reported it through iort. the device will write to the region and in the driver we need to access the region
>>> to get the traced data. the region is reserved exclusively and will not be accessed by kernel or other devices.
>>> is it ok to let bios configure the address to the device and from CPU side we just read it?
>> Any suggestion?  Is this still an issue you concern if we move the configuration of the device address to BIOS and just read from the CPU side?
> If the firmware configures the device so that it's actively tracing and writing out to memory while the kernel boots, then that is a valid reason to have an RMR. However what you're doing in the driver is still complete nonsense. As far as I can follow, the way it's working is this:
> - At probe time, the initial state of the hardware is entirely ignored. If it *is* already active, there appears to be a fun chance of crashing if TRACE_INT_MASK is clear and an interrupt happens to fire before anyone has got round to calling perf_aux_output_begin() to make trace_ctrl.handle.rb non-NULL.
> - Later, once the user starts a tracing session, a buffer is set up *either* as a completely normal DMA allocation, or by memremap()ing some random IOVA carveout which may or may not be whatever memory the firmware was tracing to.
> - The hardware is then reset and completely reprogrammed to use the new buffer, again without any consideration of its previous state (other than possibly timing out and failing if it's already running and that means it never goes idle).
> Therefore the driver does not seem to respect any prior configuration of the device by firmware, does not seem to expect it to be running at boot time, does not seem to have any way to preserve and export any trace data captured in an RMR if it *was* running at boot time, and thus without loss of generality could simply use the dma_alloc_coherent() path all the time. Am I missing anything?

Thanks for the further explanation and I think I understand your concerns more clearer.

The trace is not supposed to begin by the firmware at boot time. Due to some hardware restriction, the device cannot trace with non-identical mapping.
So we'd like to use RMR to make the device work when the dma mapping is non-identical. Thus we check here to decide whether to use RMR or not: if the iommu
is not presented or in the passthrough mode, we can use direct DMA by dma_alloc_coherent(); if the iommu is present and the mode is not passthrough, we try
to retrieve RMR or we fail the probe. The firmware is expected to reserve a range of memory and reports it to the driver and is not expected to configure
the trace and do boot time tracing.

> As things stand, RMRs are not yet supported upstream (FYI we're still working on fixing the spec...), so the code above is at best dead, and at worst actively wrong. Furthermore, if the expected usage model *is* that the kernel driver completely resets and reprograms the hardware, then even if there is an RMR for boot-time tracing I would rather expect it to be flagged as remappable, and thus potentially end up as an IOMMU_RESV_DIRECT_RELAXABLE reservation which you wouldn't match anyway.

Yes the firmware is not expected to start the trace. Will change the desired flag to IOMMU_RESV_DIRECT_RELAXABLE and have a test.

> And after all that, if you really do have a genuine need to respect and preserve prior firmware configuration of the device, then I would surely expect to see the driver actually doing exactly that. Presumably: at probe time, look at TRACE_CTRL; if the device is already configured, read out that configuration - especially including TRACE_ADDR_* - and make sure to reuse it. Not go off on a tangent blindly poking into internal IOMMU API abstractions in the vain hope that the first thing you find happens to be sort-of-related to the information that you actually care about.

Yes, we do need RMR to make the device work at situation where the mapping is non-identical.

We're certain that the bios won't start and configure the trace in this device's usage, is it still necessary to make
firmware configure the TRACE_ADDR_* to the device?

As suggested, I think I'll need to modify the RMR codes like

- check TRACE_CTRL, and stop it if it's started. (won't happen but check for sanity)
- if smmu is not presented, use direct DMA
- try to retrieve RMR address with flag IOMMU_RESV_DIRECT_RELAXABLE , if presented set hisi_ptt->has_rmr. in this case we won't use direct DMA
- check if the TRACE_ADDR_* has been configured. if so don't reconfigure it when trace
- if no rmr but smmu works in passthrough mode, use direct DMA
- otherwise fails the probe

If I miss something please point it out.


  reply	other threads:[~2021-11-29  8:24 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 23+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-11-16  9:06 [PATCH v2 0/6] Add " Yicong Yang
2021-11-16  9:06 ` [PATCH v2 1/6] iommu: Export iommu_{get,put}_resv_regions() Yicong Yang
2021-11-24 17:51   ` Mathieu Poirier
2021-12-06 11:56   ` Joerg Roedel
2021-12-06 12:56     ` Yicong Yang
2021-11-16  9:06 ` [PATCH v2 2/6] hwtracing: Add trace function support for HiSilicon PCIe Tune and Trace device Yicong Yang
2021-11-16 10:56   ` Robin Murphy
2021-11-16 11:37     ` Yicong Yang
2021-11-18  9:01       ` Yicong Yang
2021-11-25 15:49         ` Robin Murphy
2021-11-29  8:22           ` Yicong Yang [this message]
2021-12-07 16:31             ` Robin Murphy
2021-12-09 13:19               ` Yicong Yang
2021-11-24 18:51   ` Mathieu Poirier
2021-11-25  8:39     ` Yicong Yang
2021-11-25 18:50       ` Mathieu Poirier
2021-11-26 17:10         ` Mathieu Poirier
2021-11-29  8:59           ` Yicong Yang
2021-11-29  8:45         ` Yicong Yang
2021-11-16  9:06 ` [PATCH v2 3/6] hwtracing: Add tune " Yicong Yang
2021-11-16  9:06 ` [PATCH v2 4/6] perf tool: Add support for HiSilicon PCIe Tune and Trace device driver Yicong Yang
2021-11-16  9:06 ` [PATCH v2 5/6] docs: Add HiSilicon PTT device driver documentation Yicong Yang
2021-11-16  9:06 ` [PATCH v2 6/6] MAINTAINERS: Add maintainer for HiSilicon PTT driver Yicong Yang

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