LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org
help / color / mirror / Atom feed
* [PATCH 0/2] hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API
@ 2019-03-07 15:58 Fabien Dessenne
  2019-03-07 15:58 ` [PATCH 1/2] hwspinlock: document the hwspinlock 'raw' API Fabien Dessenne
                   ` (3 more replies)
  0 siblings, 4 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Fabien Dessenne @ 2019-03-07 15:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ohad Ben-Cohen, Bjorn Andersson, Jonathan Corbet,
	linux-remoteproc, linux-doc, linux-kernel
  Cc: Fabien Dessenne, Benjamin Gaignard, Alexandre Torgue

In its current implementation, the hwspinlock framework relies on jiffies
to handle the timeout of the hwspin_lock_timeout_xxx() API.
In an atomic context (or more precisely when irq are disabled) jiffies does not
increase, which prevents the timeout to reach its target value (infinite loop).

Note that there is already an hwspinlock user that runs in atomic context
(drivers/irqchip/irq-stm32-exti.c) and that has to handle by itself the
timeout.

The first patch of the series completes the Documentation (the 'raw' API
is not documented), and the second patch provides with the 'in_atomic' API.

Fabien Dessenne (2):
  hwspinlock: document the hwspinlock 'raw' API
  hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API

 Documentation/hwspinlock.txt         | 81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/hwspinlock/hwspinlock_core.c | 43 +++++++++++++------
 include/linux/hwspinlock.h           | 61 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 3 files changed, 169 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

-- 
2.7.4


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 1/2] hwspinlock: document the hwspinlock 'raw' API
  2019-03-07 15:58 [PATCH 0/2] hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API Fabien Dessenne
@ 2019-03-07 15:58 ` Fabien Dessenne
  2019-03-07 15:58 ` [PATCH 2/2] hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API Fabien Dessenne
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Fabien Dessenne @ 2019-03-07 15:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ohad Ben-Cohen, Bjorn Andersson, Jonathan Corbet,
	linux-remoteproc, linux-doc, linux-kernel
  Cc: Fabien Dessenne, Benjamin Gaignard, Alexandre Torgue

Document the hwspin_lock_timeout_raw(), hwspin_trylock_raw() and
hwspin_unlock_raw() API.

Signed-off-by: Fabien Dessenne <fabien.dessenne@st.com>
---
 Documentation/hwspinlock.txt | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 42 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/hwspinlock.txt b/Documentation/hwspinlock.txt
index ed640a2..c3403f9 100644
--- a/Documentation/hwspinlock.txt
+++ b/Documentation/hwspinlock.txt
@@ -136,6 +136,23 @@ The function will never sleep.
 
 ::
 
+  int hwspin_lock_timeout_raw(struct hwspinlock *hwlock, unsigned int timeout);
+
+Lock a previously-assigned hwspinlock with a timeout limit (specified in
+msecs). If the hwspinlock is already taken, the function will busy loop
+waiting for it to be released, but give up when the timeout elapses.
+
+Caution: User must protect the routine of getting hardware lock with mutex
+or spinlock to avoid dead-lock, that will let user can do some time-consuming
+or sleepable operations under the hardware lock.
+
+Returns 0 when successful and an appropriate error code otherwise (most
+notably -ETIMEDOUT if the hwspinlock is still busy after timeout msecs).
+
+The function will never sleep.
+
+::
+
   int hwspin_trylock(struct hwspinlock *hwlock);
 
 
@@ -186,6 +203,21 @@ The function will never sleep.
 
 ::
 
+  int hwspin_trylock_raw(struct hwspinlock *hwlock);
+
+Attempt to lock a previously-assigned hwspinlock, but immediately fail if
+it is already taken.
+
+Caution: User must protect the routine of getting hardware lock with mutex
+or spinlock to avoid dead-lock, that will let user can do some time-consuming
+or sleepable operations under the hardware lock.
+
+Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error code otherwise (most
+notably -EBUSY if the hwspinlock was already taken).
+The function will never sleep.
+
+::
+
   void hwspin_unlock(struct hwspinlock *hwlock);
 
 Unlock a previously-locked hwspinlock. Always succeed, and can be called
@@ -222,6 +254,16 @@ the given flags. This function will never sleep.
 
 ::
 
+  void hwspin_unlock_raw(struct hwspinlock *hwlock);
+
+Unlock a previously-locked hwspinlock.
+
+The caller should **never** unlock an hwspinlock which is already unlocked.
+Doing so is considered a bug (there is no protection against this).
+This function will never sleep.
+
+::
+
   int hwspin_lock_get_id(struct hwspinlock *hwlock);
 
 Retrieve id number of a given hwspinlock. This is needed when an
-- 
2.7.4


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 2/2] hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API
  2019-03-07 15:58 [PATCH 0/2] hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API Fabien Dessenne
  2019-03-07 15:58 ` [PATCH 1/2] hwspinlock: document the hwspinlock 'raw' API Fabien Dessenne
@ 2019-03-07 15:58 ` Fabien Dessenne
  2019-05-13  9:10 ` [PATCH 0/2] " Fabien DESSENNE
  2019-06-30  4:08 ` Bjorn Andersson
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Fabien Dessenne @ 2019-03-07 15:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ohad Ben-Cohen, Bjorn Andersson, Jonathan Corbet,
	linux-remoteproc, linux-doc, linux-kernel
  Cc: Fabien Dessenne, Benjamin Gaignard, Alexandre Torgue

Add the 'in_atomic' mode which can be called from an atomic context.
This mode relies on the existing 'raw' mode (no lock, no preemption/irq
disabling) with the difference that the timeout is not based on jiffies
(jiffies won't increase when irq are disabled) but handled with
busy-waiting udelay() calls.

Signed-off-by: Fabien Dessenne <fabien.dessenne@st.com>
---
 Documentation/hwspinlock.txt         | 39 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/hwspinlock/hwspinlock_core.c | 43 +++++++++++++++++--------
 include/linux/hwspinlock.h           | 61 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 3 files changed, 127 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/hwspinlock.txt b/Documentation/hwspinlock.txt
index c3403f9..6f03713 100644
--- a/Documentation/hwspinlock.txt
+++ b/Documentation/hwspinlock.txt
@@ -153,6 +153,22 @@ The function will never sleep.
 
 ::
 
+  int hwspin_lock_timeout_in_atomic(struct hwspinlock *hwlock, unsigned int to);
+
+Lock a previously-assigned hwspinlock with a timeout limit (specified in
+msecs). If the hwspinlock is already taken, the function will busy loop
+waiting for it to be released, but give up when the timeout elapses.
+
+This function shall be called only from an atomic context and the timeout
+value shall not exceed a few msecs.
+
+Returns 0 when successful and an appropriate error code otherwise (most
+notably -ETIMEDOUT if the hwspinlock is still busy after timeout msecs).
+
+The function will never sleep.
+
+::
+
   int hwspin_trylock(struct hwspinlock *hwlock);
 
 
@@ -218,6 +234,19 @@ The function will never sleep.
 
 ::
 
+  int hwspin_trylock_in_atomic(struct hwspinlock *hwlock);
+
+Attempt to lock a previously-assigned hwspinlock, but immediately fail if
+it is already taken.
+
+This function shall be called only from an atomic context.
+
+Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error code otherwise (most
+notably -EBUSY if the hwspinlock was already taken).
+The function will never sleep.
+
+::
+
   void hwspin_unlock(struct hwspinlock *hwlock);
 
 Unlock a previously-locked hwspinlock. Always succeed, and can be called
@@ -264,6 +293,16 @@ This function will never sleep.
 
 ::
 
+  void hwspin_unlock_in_atomic(struct hwspinlock *hwlock);
+
+Unlock a previously-locked hwspinlock.
+
+The caller should **never** unlock an hwspinlock which is already unlocked.
+Doing so is considered a bug (there is no protection against this).
+This function will never sleep.
+
+::
+
   int hwspin_lock_get_id(struct hwspinlock *hwlock);
 
 Retrieve id number of a given hwspinlock. This is needed when an
diff --git a/drivers/hwspinlock/hwspinlock_core.c b/drivers/hwspinlock/hwspinlock_core.c
index 2bad40d..1d61fad 100644
--- a/drivers/hwspinlock/hwspinlock_core.c
+++ b/drivers/hwspinlock/hwspinlock_core.c
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
 
 #define pr_fmt(fmt)    "%s: " fmt, __func__
 
+#include <linux/delay.h>
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/spinlock.h>
@@ -23,6 +24,9 @@
 
 #include "hwspinlock_internal.h"
 
+/* retry delay used in atomic context */
+#define HWSPINLOCK_RETRY_DELAY_US	100
+
 /* radix tree tags */
 #define HWSPINLOCK_UNUSED	(0) /* tags an hwspinlock as unused */
 
@@ -68,11 +72,11 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(hwspinlock_tree_lock);
  * user need some time-consuming or sleepable operations under the hardware
  * lock, they need one sleepable lock (like mutex) to protect the operations.
  *
- * If the mode is not HWLOCK_RAW, upon a successful return from this function,
- * preemption (and possibly interrupts) is disabled, so the caller must not
- * sleep, and is advised to release the hwspinlock as soon as possible. This is
- * required in order to minimize remote cores polling on the hardware
- * interconnect.
+ * If the mode is neither HWLOCK_IN_ATOMIC nor HWLOCK_RAW, upon a successful
+ * return from this function, preemption (and possibly interrupts) is disabled,
+ * so the caller must not sleep, and is advised to release the hwspinlock as
+ * soon as possible. This is required in order to minimize remote cores polling
+ * on the hardware interconnect.
  *
  * The user decides whether local interrupts are disabled or not, and if yes,
  * whether he wants their previous state to be saved. It is up to the user
@@ -112,6 +116,7 @@ int __hwspin_trylock(struct hwspinlock *hwlock, int mode, unsigned long *flags)
 		ret = spin_trylock_irq(&hwlock->lock);
 		break;
 	case HWLOCK_RAW:
+	case HWLOCK_IN_ATOMIC:
 		ret = 1;
 		break;
 	default:
@@ -136,6 +141,7 @@ int __hwspin_trylock(struct hwspinlock *hwlock, int mode, unsigned long *flags)
 			spin_unlock_irq(&hwlock->lock);
 			break;
 		case HWLOCK_RAW:
+		case HWLOCK_IN_ATOMIC:
 			/* Nothing to do */
 			break;
 		default:
@@ -179,11 +185,14 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__hwspin_trylock);
  * user need some time-consuming or sleepable operations under the hardware
  * lock, they need one sleepable lock (like mutex) to protect the operations.
  *
- * If the mode is not HWLOCK_RAW, upon a successful return from this function,
- * preemption is disabled (and possibly local interrupts, too), so the caller
- * must not sleep, and is advised to release the hwspinlock as soon as possible.
- * This is required in order to minimize remote cores polling on the
- * hardware interconnect.
+ * If the mode is HWLOCK_IN_ATOMIC (called from an atomic context) the timeout
+ * is handled with busy-waiting delays, hence shall not exceed few msecs.
+ *
+ * If the mode is neither HWLOCK_IN_ATOMIC nor HWLOCK_RAW, upon a successful
+ * return from this function, preemption (and possibly interrupts) is disabled,
+ * so the caller must not sleep, and is advised to release the hwspinlock as
+ * soon as possible. This is required in order to minimize remote cores polling
+ * on the hardware interconnect.
  *
  * The user decides whether local interrupts are disabled or not, and if yes,
  * whether he wants their previous state to be saved. It is up to the user
@@ -198,7 +207,7 @@ int __hwspin_lock_timeout(struct hwspinlock *hwlock, unsigned int to,
 					int mode, unsigned long *flags)
 {
 	int ret;
-	unsigned long expire;
+	unsigned long expire, atomic_delay = 0;
 
 	expire = msecs_to_jiffies(to) + jiffies;
 
@@ -212,8 +221,15 @@ int __hwspin_lock_timeout(struct hwspinlock *hwlock, unsigned int to,
 		 * The lock is already taken, let's check if the user wants
 		 * us to try again
 		 */
-		if (time_is_before_eq_jiffies(expire))
-			return -ETIMEDOUT;
+		if (mode == HWLOCK_IN_ATOMIC) {
+			udelay(HWSPINLOCK_RETRY_DELAY_US);
+			atomic_delay += HWSPINLOCK_RETRY_DELAY_US;
+			if (atomic_delay > to * 1000)
+				return -ETIMEDOUT;
+		} else {
+			if (time_is_before_eq_jiffies(expire))
+				return -ETIMEDOUT;
+		}
 
 		/*
 		 * Allow platform-specific relax handlers to prevent
@@ -276,6 +292,7 @@ void __hwspin_unlock(struct hwspinlock *hwlock, int mode, unsigned long *flags)
 		spin_unlock_irq(&hwlock->lock);
 		break;
 	case HWLOCK_RAW:
+	case HWLOCK_IN_ATOMIC:
 		/* Nothing to do */
 		break;
 	default:
diff --git a/include/linux/hwspinlock.h b/include/linux/hwspinlock.h
index 0afe693..bfe7c1f 100644
--- a/include/linux/hwspinlock.h
+++ b/include/linux/hwspinlock.h
@@ -14,9 +14,10 @@
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 
 /* hwspinlock mode argument */
-#define HWLOCK_IRQSTATE	0x01	/* Disable interrupts, save state */
-#define HWLOCK_IRQ	0x02	/* Disable interrupts, don't save state */
-#define HWLOCK_RAW	0x03
+#define HWLOCK_IRQSTATE		0x01 /* Disable interrupts, save state */
+#define HWLOCK_IRQ		0x02 /* Disable interrupts, don't save state */
+#define HWLOCK_RAW		0x03
+#define HWLOCK_IN_ATOMIC	0x04 /* Called while in atomic context */
 
 struct device;
 struct device_node;
@@ -223,6 +224,23 @@ static inline int hwspin_trylock_raw(struct hwspinlock *hwlock)
 }
 
 /**
+ * hwspin_trylock_in_atomic() - attempt to lock a specific hwspinlock
+ * @hwlock: an hwspinlock which we want to trylock
+ *
+ * This function attempts to lock an hwspinlock, and will immediately fail
+ * if the hwspinlock is already taken.
+ *
+ * This function shall be called only from an atomic context.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 if we successfully locked the hwspinlock, -EBUSY if
+ * the hwspinlock was already taken, and -EINVAL if @hwlock is invalid.
+ */
+static inline int hwspin_trylock_in_atomic(struct hwspinlock *hwlock)
+{
+	return __hwspin_trylock(hwlock, HWLOCK_IN_ATOMIC, NULL);
+}
+
+/**
  * hwspin_trylock() - attempt to lock a specific hwspinlock
  * @hwlock: an hwspinlock which we want to trylock
  *
@@ -313,6 +331,28 @@ int hwspin_lock_timeout_raw(struct hwspinlock *hwlock, unsigned int to)
 }
 
 /**
+ * hwspin_lock_timeout_in_atomic() - lock an hwspinlock with timeout limit
+ * @hwlock: the hwspinlock to be locked
+ * @to: timeout value in msecs
+ *
+ * This function locks the underlying @hwlock. If the @hwlock
+ * is already taken, the function will busy loop waiting for it to
+ * be released, but give up when @timeout msecs have elapsed.
+ *
+ * This function shall be called only from an atomic context and the timeout
+ * value shall not exceed a few msecs.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 when the @hwlock was successfully taken, and an appropriate
+ * error code otherwise (most notably an -ETIMEDOUT if the @hwlock is still
+ * busy after @timeout msecs). The function will never sleep.
+ */
+static inline
+int hwspin_lock_timeout_in_atomic(struct hwspinlock *hwlock, unsigned int to)
+{
+	return __hwspin_lock_timeout(hwlock, to, HWLOCK_IN_ATOMIC, NULL);
+}
+
+/**
  * hwspin_lock_timeout() - lock an hwspinlock with timeout limit
  * @hwlock: the hwspinlock to be locked
  * @to: timeout value in msecs
@@ -387,6 +427,21 @@ static inline void hwspin_unlock_raw(struct hwspinlock *hwlock)
 }
 
 /**
+ * hwspin_unlock_in_atomic() - unlock hwspinlock
+ * @hwlock: a previously-acquired hwspinlock which we want to unlock
+ *
+ * This function will unlock a specific hwspinlock.
+ *
+ * @hwlock must be already locked (e.g. by hwspin_trylock()) before calling
+ * this function: it is a bug to call unlock on a @hwlock that is already
+ * unlocked.
+ */
+static inline void hwspin_unlock_in_atomic(struct hwspinlock *hwlock)
+{
+	__hwspin_unlock(hwlock, HWLOCK_IN_ATOMIC, NULL);
+}
+
+/**
  * hwspin_unlock() - unlock hwspinlock
  * @hwlock: a previously-acquired hwspinlock which we want to unlock
  *
-- 
2.7.4


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2] hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API
  2019-03-07 15:58 [PATCH 0/2] hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API Fabien Dessenne
  2019-03-07 15:58 ` [PATCH 1/2] hwspinlock: document the hwspinlock 'raw' API Fabien Dessenne
  2019-03-07 15:58 ` [PATCH 2/2] hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API Fabien Dessenne
@ 2019-05-13  9:10 ` Fabien DESSENNE
  2019-06-30  4:08 ` Bjorn Andersson
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Fabien DESSENNE @ 2019-05-13  9:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ohad Ben-Cohen, Bjorn Andersson, Jonathan Corbet,
	linux-remoteproc, linux-doc, linux-kernel
  Cc: Benjamin GAIGNARD, Alexandre TORGUE, Fabien DESSENNE

Hi


Gentle reminder


Fabien

On 07/03/2019 4:58 PM, Fabien Dessenne wrote:
> In its current implementation, the hwspinlock framework relies on jiffies
> to handle the timeout of the hwspin_lock_timeout_xxx() API.
> In an atomic context (or more precisely when irq are disabled) jiffies does not
> increase, which prevents the timeout to reach its target value (infinite loop).
>
> Note that there is already an hwspinlock user that runs in atomic context
> (drivers/irqchip/irq-stm32-exti.c) and that has to handle by itself the
> timeout.
>
> The first patch of the series completes the Documentation (the 'raw' API
> is not documented), and the second patch provides with the 'in_atomic' API.
>
> Fabien Dessenne (2):
>    hwspinlock: document the hwspinlock 'raw' API
>    hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API
>
>   Documentation/hwspinlock.txt         | 81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>   drivers/hwspinlock/hwspinlock_core.c | 43 +++++++++++++------
>   include/linux/hwspinlock.h           | 61 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>   3 files changed, 169 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2] hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API
  2019-03-07 15:58 [PATCH 0/2] hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API Fabien Dessenne
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-13  9:10 ` [PATCH 0/2] " Fabien DESSENNE
@ 2019-06-30  4:08 ` Bjorn Andersson
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Bjorn Andersson @ 2019-06-30  4:08 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabien Dessenne
  Cc: Ohad Ben-Cohen, Jonathan Corbet, linux-remoteproc, linux-doc,
	linux-kernel, Benjamin Gaignard, Alexandre Torgue

On Thu 07 Mar 07:58 PST 2019, Fabien Dessenne wrote:

> In its current implementation, the hwspinlock framework relies on jiffies
> to handle the timeout of the hwspin_lock_timeout_xxx() API.
> In an atomic context (or more precisely when irq are disabled) jiffies does not
> increase, which prevents the timeout to reach its target value (infinite loop).
> 
> Note that there is already an hwspinlock user that runs in atomic context
> (drivers/irqchip/irq-stm32-exti.c) and that has to handle by itself the
> timeout.
> 
> The first patch of the series completes the Documentation (the 'raw' API
> is not documented), and the second patch provides with the 'in_atomic' API.
> 

Applied

Thanks,
Bjorn

> Fabien Dessenne (2):
>   hwspinlock: document the hwspinlock 'raw' API
>   hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API
> 
>  Documentation/hwspinlock.txt         | 81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/hwspinlock/hwspinlock_core.c | 43 +++++++++++++------
>  include/linux/hwspinlock.h           | 61 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>  3 files changed, 169 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
> 
> -- 
> 2.7.4
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2019-06-30  4:08 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 5+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-03-07 15:58 [PATCH 0/2] hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API Fabien Dessenne
2019-03-07 15:58 ` [PATCH 1/2] hwspinlock: document the hwspinlock 'raw' API Fabien Dessenne
2019-03-07 15:58 ` [PATCH 2/2] hwspinlock: add the 'in_atomic' API Fabien Dessenne
2019-05-13  9:10 ` [PATCH 0/2] " Fabien DESSENNE
2019-06-30  4:08 ` Bjorn Andersson

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).