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* [PATCH][kprobe]replace magic numbers with enum (Re: Warning in kprobes.c)
       [not found]   ` <20070124041750.GA11084@in.ibm.com>
@ 2007-01-25  0:58     ` Masami Hiramatsu
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Masami Hiramatsu @ 2007-01-25  0:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: ananth, Andrew Morton
  Cc: Prasanna S Panchamukhi, Satoshi Oshima, Hideo Aoki,
	Yumiko Sugita, linux-kernel, SystemTAP, Keshavamurthy, Anil S

Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli wrote:
[snip]
>>> I get this warning:
>>>
>>> kernel/kprobes.c: In function ‘collect_garbage_slots’:
>>> kernel/kprobes.c:215: warning: comparison is always false due to limited
>>> range of data type
>>>
>>> when building 2.6.20-rc5 on powerpc. Not strange though, since the
>>> powerpc compiler is more unforgiving than most other arch compilers. The
>>> line in question is:
>>>
>>>                         if (kip->slot_used[i] == -1 &&
>>>
>>> and kip->slot_used is a char array and -1 is apparently an invalid char
>>> assignment. Is there a way to get rid of the warning?
>> As far as I searched, on powerpc and arm, the default type of char is
>> 'unsigned char' whereas that is 'signed' on most other arch. So, your
>> compiler warned "due to limited range of data type".
>>
>> I think a good solution is that we just replace -1 with 2.
>> Could you test the patch attached to this mail?
> 
> Thanks for taking care of this, the patch fixes the warning.
> 
> I think however, instead of having magic numbers 0, 1, 2, why not an
> enum? It makes the code easier to read. Comments?

It's a good idea. Same thing was pointed out by my boss too.
Here is a patch which uses an enum to express the slot status.

Thanks,

Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>

---
 This patch replaces the magic numbers with an enum, and
 gets rid of a warning on the specific architectures (ex. powerpc)
 on which the compiler considers 'char' as 'unsigned char'.

 kernel/kprobes.c |   20 +++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

Index: linux-2.6.20-rc5/kernel/kprobes.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.20-rc5.orig/kernel/kprobes.c
+++ linux-2.6.20-rc5/kernel/kprobes.c
@@ -87,6 +87,12 @@ struct kprobe_insn_page {
 	int ngarbage;
 };

+enum kprobe_slot_state {
+	SLOT_CLEAN = 0,
+	SLOT_DIRTY = 1,
+	SLOT_USED = 2,
+};
+
 static struct hlist_head kprobe_insn_pages;
 static int kprobe_garbage_slots;
 static int collect_garbage_slots(void);
@@ -130,8 +136,8 @@ kprobe_opcode_t __kprobes *get_insn_slot
 		if (kip->nused < INSNS_PER_PAGE) {
 			int i;
 			for (i = 0; i < INSNS_PER_PAGE; i++) {
-				if (!kip->slot_used[i]) {
-					kip->slot_used[i] = 1;
+				if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_CLEAN) {
+					kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_USED;
 					kip->nused++;
 					return kip->insns + (i * MAX_INSN_SIZE);
 				}
@@ -163,8 +169,8 @@ kprobe_opcode_t __kprobes *get_insn_slot
 	}
 	INIT_HLIST_NODE(&kip->hlist);
 	hlist_add_head(&kip->hlist, &kprobe_insn_pages);
-	memset(kip->slot_used, 0, INSNS_PER_PAGE);
-	kip->slot_used[0] = 1;
+	memset(kip->slot_used, SLOT_CLEAN, INSNS_PER_PAGE);
+	kip->slot_used[0] = SLOT_USED;
 	kip->nused = 1;
 	kip->ngarbage = 0;
 	return kip->insns;
@@ -173,7 +179,7 @@ kprobe_opcode_t __kprobes *get_insn_slot
 /* Return 1 if all garbages are collected, otherwise 0. */
 static int __kprobes collect_one_slot(struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, int idx)
 {
-	kip->slot_used[idx] = 0;
+	kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_CLEAN;
 	kip->nused--;
 	if (kip->nused == 0) {
 		/*
@@ -212,7 +218,7 @@ static int __kprobes collect_garbage_slo
 			continue;
 		kip->ngarbage = 0;	/* we will collect all garbages */
 		for (i = 0; i < INSNS_PER_PAGE; i++) {
-			if (kip->slot_used[i] == -1 &&
+			if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_DIRTY &&
 			    collect_one_slot(kip, i))
 				break;
 		}
@@ -232,7 +238,7 @@ void __kprobes free_insn_slot(kprobe_opc
 		    slot < kip->insns + (INSNS_PER_PAGE * MAX_INSN_SIZE)) {
 			int i = (slot - kip->insns) / MAX_INSN_SIZE;
 			if (dirty) {
-				kip->slot_used[i] = -1;
+				kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_DIRTY;
 				kip->ngarbage++;
 			} else {
 				collect_one_slot(kip, i);



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2007-01-25  0:58     ` [PATCH][kprobe]replace magic numbers with enum (Re: Warning in kprobes.c) Masami Hiramatsu

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