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From: John Reiser <>
To: Andi Kleen <>
Cc:, Jeff Dike <>,
	Sam Ravnborg <>,,
Subject: Re: STT_FUNC for assembler checksum and semaphore ops" in git-x86
Date: Thu, 10 Jan 2008 20:18:08 -0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

Andi Kleen wrote:
> On Thu, Jan 10, 2008 at 04:59:52PM -0800, John Reiser wrote:
>>Andi Kleen wrote:
>>>But actually checking the default implementation in linkage.h already
>>>implements size: [snip]
>>>Are you sure it doesn't work?  Your patch should be not needed. If it's
>>>still wrong then just ENDPROCs() need to be added.
>>The ENDPROCs() were not used everywhere.  Some code used just END() instead,
>>while other code used nothing.  um/sys-i386/checksum.S didn't #include
> END() is fine too since it contains .size too:
> #ifndef END
> #define END(name) \
>   .size name, .-name
> #endif
>>diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/semaphore_32.S b/arch/x86/lib/semaphore_32.S
>>index 444fba4..e2c6e0d 100644
>>--- a/arch/x86/lib/semaphore_32.S
>>+++ b/arch/x86/lib/semaphore_32.S
>>@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ ENTRY(__down_failed)
>> 	ret
>>-	END(__down_failed)
>>+	ENDPROC(__down_failed)
> I don't think these change makes sense given the definition of END()
> shown above.
> The only change that would make sense is adding END() (or ENDPROC()) 
> to a function that doesn't have either of them yet.

No.  The pseudo op ".type name, @function" appears only in ENDPROC;
it does not appear in END.  So changing END to ENDPROC *does* alter
the Elf32_Sym for 'name'.  Just END produces STT_NOTYPE; ENDPROC
produces STT_FUNC.  A static analysis tool can get the info it wants
much more easily if all subroutines are marked as STT_FUNC.
In theory the tool could sort the symbols, notice the disjoint
coverage of the address space by the .size intervals of consecutive
symbols that are the targets of a CALL instruction, and thus deduce
that ".type foo, @function" *should* have been specified.  But this
is a heuristic, and it fails on boundaries where assembly code is
invoked via trap, interrupt, or exception (anything other than CALL).
Instead, specify STT_FUNC for each subroutine in the first place.
That requires .type, which means ENDPROC (not END) from linux/linkage.h.

John Reiser,

      reply	other threads:[~2008-01-11  4:18 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 7+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2008-01-09 21:57 Andi Kleen
2008-01-10  7:42 ` Sam Ravnborg
2008-01-10 16:37   ` John Reiser
2008-01-10 18:02     ` Andi Kleen
2008-01-11  0:59       ` John Reiser
2008-01-11  2:57         ` Andi Kleen
2008-01-11  4:18           ` John Reiser [this message]

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