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From: Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com>
To: "Zhang, Yanmin" <yanmin_zhang@linux.intel.com>
Cc: herbert@gondor.apana.org.au, LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	netdev@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: tbench regression in 2.6.25-rc1
Date: Fri, 15 Feb 2008 15:21:48 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <47B59FFC.4030603@cosmosbay.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1203057044.3027.134.camel@ymzhang>

Zhang, Yanmin a écrit :
> On Fri, 2008-02-15 at 07:05 +0100, Eric Dumazet wrote:
>   
>> Zhang, Yanmin a �crit :
>>     
>>> Comparing with kernel 2.6.24, tbench result has regression with
>>> 2.6.25-rc1.
>>>
>>> 1) On 2 quad-core processor stoakley: 4%.
>>> 2) On 4 quad-core processor tigerton: more than 30%.
>>>
>>> bisect located below patch.
>>>
>>> b4ce92775c2e7ff9cf79cca4e0a19c8c5fd6287b is first bad commit
>>> commit b4ce92775c2e7ff9cf79cca4e0a19c8c5fd6287b
>>> Author: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
>>> Date:   Tue Nov 13 21:33:32 2007 -0800
>>>
>>>     [IPV6]: Move nfheader_len into rt6_info
>>>     
>>>     The dst member nfheader_len is only used by IPv6.  It's also currently
>>>     creating a rather ugly alignment hole in struct dst.  Therefore this patch
>>>     moves it from there into struct rt6_info.
>>>
>>>
>>> As tbench uses ipv4, so the patch's real impact on ipv4 is it deletes
>>> nfheader_len in dst_entry. It might change cache line alignment.
>>>
>>> To verify my finding, I just added nfheader_len back to dst_entry in 2.6.25-rc1
>>> and reran tbench on the 2 machines. Performance could be recovered completely.
>>>
>>> I started cpu_number*2 tbench processes. On my 16-core tigerton:
>>> #./tbench_srv &
>>> #./tbench 32 127.0.0.1
>>>
>>> -yanmin
>>>       
>> Yup. struct dst is sensitive to alignements, especially for benches.
>>
>> In the real world, we need to make sure that next pointer start at a cache 
>> line bondary (or a litle bit after), so that RT cache lookups use one cache 
>> line per entry instead of two. This permits better behavior in DDOS attacks.
>>
>> (check commit 1e19e02ca0c5e33ea73a25127dbe6c3b8fcaac4b for reference)
>>
>> Are you using a 64 or a 32 bit kernel ?
>>     
> 64bit x86-64 machine. On another 4-way Madison Itanium machine, tbench has the
> similiar regression.
>
>   

On linux-2.6.25-rc1 x86_64 :

offsetof(struct dst_entry, lastuse)=0xb0
offsetof(struct dst_entry, __refcnt)=0xb8
offsetof(struct dst_entry, __use)=0xbc
offsetof(struct dst_entry, next)=0xc0

So it should be optimal... I dont know why tbench prefers __refcnt being 
on 0xc0, since in this case lastuse will be on a different cache line...

Each incoming IP packet will need to change lastuse, __refcnt and __use, 
so keeping them in the same cache line is a win.

I suspect then that even this patch could help tbench, since it avoids 
writing lastuse...

diff --git a/include/net/dst.h b/include/net/dst.h
index e3ac7d0..24d3c4e 100644
--- a/include/net/dst.h
+++ b/include/net/dst.h
@@ -147,7 +147,8 @@ static inline void dst_use(struct dst_entry *dst, 
unsigned long time)
 {
        dst_hold(dst);
        dst->__use++;
-       dst->lastuse = time;
+       if (time != dst->lastuse)
+               dst->lastuse = time;
 }








  reply	other threads:[~2008-02-15 14:22 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2008-02-15  1:52 Zhang, Yanmin
2008-02-15  6:05 ` Eric Dumazet
2008-02-15  6:30   ` Zhang, Yanmin
2008-02-15 14:21     ` Eric Dumazet [this message]
2008-02-15 23:22       ` David Miller
2008-02-18  8:12         ` Zhang, Yanmin
2008-02-18 10:11           ` Eric Dumazet
2008-02-19  2:44             ` Zhang, Yanmin
2008-02-19  7:35               ` Eric Dumazet
2008-02-19  8:40                 ` Zhang, Yanmin
2008-02-18 17:33           ` Valdis.Kletnieks
2008-02-19  6:51             ` Zhang, Yanmin
2008-02-19  7:40               ` Eric Dumazet
2008-02-20  7:04                 ` Zhang, Yanmin
2008-02-20  7:38                   ` Eric Dumazet
2008-02-20  8:14                     ` David Miller
2008-02-20  8:41                       ` Zhang, Yanmin
2008-02-18  1:39       ` Zhang, Yanmin

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