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* [RFT][PATCH] PCI: PM: Add special case handling for PCIe device wakeup
@ 2021-07-12 17:06 Rafael J. Wysocki
  2021-07-27 10:55 ` Mika Westerberg
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2021-07-12 17:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linux PCI
  Cc: Linux ACPI, Linux PM, LKML, Mika Westerberg, Bjorn Helgaas,
	Kai-Heng Feng, Utkarsh H Patel, Koba Ko

From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>

Some PCIe devices only support PME (Power Management Event) from
D3cold.  One example is the ASMedia xHCI controller:

 11:00.0 USB controller: ASMedia Technology Inc. ASM1042A USB 3.0 Host Controller (prog-if 30 [XHCI])
   ...
   Capabilities: [78] Power Management version 3
           Flags: PMEClk- DSI- D1- D2- AuxCurrent=55mA PME(D0-,D1-,D2-,D3hot-,D3cold+)
           Status: D0 NoSoftRst+ PME-Enable- DSel=0 DScale=0 PME-

In those cases, if the device is expected to generate wakeup events
from its final power state, pci_target_state() returns D0, which
prevents the PCIe port the device is connected to from entering any
low-power states too.  However, if the device were allowed to go into
D3hot, its parent PCIe port would also be able to go into D3 and if
it goes into D3cold, it would cause the endpoint device to end up in
D3cold too (as per the PCI PM spec v1.2, Table 6-1), in which case
the endpoint would be able to signal PME.  This means that the system
could be put into a lower-power configuration without sacrificing the
the given device's ability to generate PME.

In order to avoid missing that opportunity, extend pci_pme_capable()
to check the device's parent in the special case when the target
state is D3hot and the device can only signal PME from D3cold and
update pci_target_state() to return the current target state if
pci_pme_capable() returns 'true' for it.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pm/20210617123653.58640-1-mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com
Reported-by: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
Reported-by: Utkarsh H Patel <utkarsh.h.patel@intel.com>
Reported-by: Koba Ko <koba.ko@canonical.com>
Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
---

Hi,

Anyone who can reproduce the problem described in the changelog,
please test the patch and let me know the result.

Thanks!

---
 drivers/pci/pci.c |   38 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 1 file changed, 26 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

Index: linux-pm/drivers/pci/pci.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/pci/pci.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/pci/pci.c
@@ -2298,10 +2298,29 @@ void pci_pme_wakeup_bus(struct pci_bus *
  */
 bool pci_pme_capable(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state)
 {
+	struct pci_dev *parent;
+
 	if (!dev->pm_cap)
 		return false;
 
-	return !!(dev->pme_support & (1 << state));
+	if (dev->pme_support & (1 << state))
+		return true;
+
+	/*
+	 * Special case: The target state is D3hot and the device only supports
+	 * signaling PME from D3cold, but it is a PCIe device whose parent port
+	 * can go into D3cold.  In that case, if the device is allowed to go
+	 * into D3hot, the parent port can go into D3cold which will cause the
+	 * device to end up in D3cold, so it will be able to signal PME from the
+	 * final state.
+	 */
+	if (state != PCI_D3hot || !(dev->pme_support & (1 << PCI_D3cold)))
+		return false;
+
+	parent = dev->bus->self;
+	return pci_bridge_d3_possible(parent) &&
+		platform_pci_power_manageable(parent) &&
+		platform_pci_choose_state(parent) == PCI_D3cold;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_pme_capable);
 
@@ -2595,17 +2614,12 @@ static pci_power_t pci_target_state(stru
 	if (dev->current_state == PCI_D3cold)
 		target_state = PCI_D3cold;
 
-	if (wakeup) {
-		/*
-		 * Find the deepest state from which the device can generate
-		 * PME#.
-		 */
-		if (dev->pme_support) {
-			while (target_state
-			      && !(dev->pme_support & (1 << target_state)))
-				target_state--;
-		}
-	}
+	if (!wakeup || !dev->pme_support || pci_pme_capable(dev, target_state))
+		return target_state;
+
+	/* Find the deepest state from which the device can generate PME#. */
+	while (target_state && !(dev->pme_support & (1 << target_state)))
+		target_state--;
 
 	return target_state;
 }




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFT][PATCH] PCI: PM: Add special case handling for PCIe device wakeup
  2021-07-12 17:06 [RFT][PATCH] PCI: PM: Add special case handling for PCIe device wakeup Rafael J. Wysocki
@ 2021-07-27 10:55 ` Mika Westerberg
  2021-07-27 13:18   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Mika Westerberg @ 2021-07-27 10:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Linux PCI, Linux ACPI, Linux PM, LKML, Bjorn Helgaas,
	Kai-Heng Feng, Utkarsh H Patel, Koba Ko

Hi Rafael,

On Mon, Jul 12, 2021 at 07:06:47PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> 
> Some PCIe devices only support PME (Power Management Event) from
> D3cold.  One example is the ASMedia xHCI controller:
> 
>  11:00.0 USB controller: ASMedia Technology Inc. ASM1042A USB 3.0 Host Controller (prog-if 30 [XHCI])
>    ...
>    Capabilities: [78] Power Management version 3
>            Flags: PMEClk- DSI- D1- D2- AuxCurrent=55mA PME(D0-,D1-,D2-,D3hot-,D3cold+)
>            Status: D0 NoSoftRst+ PME-Enable- DSel=0 DScale=0 PME-
> 
> In those cases, if the device is expected to generate wakeup events
> from its final power state, pci_target_state() returns D0, which
> prevents the PCIe port the device is connected to from entering any
> low-power states too.  However, if the device were allowed to go into
> D3hot, its parent PCIe port would also be able to go into D3 and if
> it goes into D3cold, it would cause the endpoint device to end up in
> D3cold too (as per the PCI PM spec v1.2, Table 6-1), in which case
> the endpoint would be able to signal PME.  This means that the system
> could be put into a lower-power configuration without sacrificing the
> the given device's ability to generate PME.
> 
> In order to avoid missing that opportunity, extend pci_pme_capable()
> to check the device's parent in the special case when the target
> state is D3hot and the device can only signal PME from D3cold and
> update pci_target_state() to return the current target state if
> pci_pme_capable() returns 'true' for it.

Thanks a lot for this!

I tried the patch and unfortunately it does not solve the issue but I
think I know what the problem is, see below.

> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pm/20210617123653.58640-1-mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com
> Reported-by: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
> Reported-by: Utkarsh H Patel <utkarsh.h.patel@intel.com>
> Reported-by: Koba Ko <koba.ko@canonical.com>
> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> ---
> 
> Hi,
> 
> Anyone who can reproduce the problem described in the changelog,
> please test the patch and let me know the result.
> 
> Thanks!
> 
> ---
>  drivers/pci/pci.c |   38 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
>  1 file changed, 26 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
> 
> Index: linux-pm/drivers/pci/pci.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/pci/pci.c
> +++ linux-pm/drivers/pci/pci.c
> @@ -2298,10 +2298,29 @@ void pci_pme_wakeup_bus(struct pci_bus *
>   */
>  bool pci_pme_capable(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state)
>  {
> +	struct pci_dev *parent;
> +
>  	if (!dev->pm_cap)
>  		return false;
>  
> -	return !!(dev->pme_support & (1 << state));
> +	if (dev->pme_support & (1 << state))
> +		return true;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Special case: The target state is D3hot and the device only supports
> +	 * signaling PME from D3cold, but it is a PCIe device whose parent port
> +	 * can go into D3cold.  In that case, if the device is allowed to go
> +	 * into D3hot, the parent port can go into D3cold which will cause the
> +	 * device to end up in D3cold, so it will be able to signal PME from the
> +	 * final state.
> +	 */
> +	if (state != PCI_D3hot || !(dev->pme_support & (1 << PCI_D3cold)))
> +		return false;
> +
> +	parent = dev->bus->self;
> +	return pci_bridge_d3_possible(parent) &&
> +		platform_pci_power_manageable(parent) &&

Here. We cannot assume that the parent has ACPI node either. For
instance when PCIe is tunneled over TBT/USB4 there can be several PCIe
switches between the problem endpoint and the root port (which has the
ACPI node of course). I think the safe assumption is to check for the
root port and whether platform_pci_power_manageable() returns true for
it but I may be missing something.

> +		platform_pci_choose_state(parent) == PCI_D3cold;
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_pme_capable);
>  
> @@ -2595,17 +2614,12 @@ static pci_power_t pci_target_state(stru
>  	if (dev->current_state == PCI_D3cold)
>  		target_state = PCI_D3cold;
>  
> -	if (wakeup) {
> -		/*
> -		 * Find the deepest state from which the device can generate
> -		 * PME#.
> -		 */
> -		if (dev->pme_support) {
> -			while (target_state
> -			      && !(dev->pme_support & (1 << target_state)))
> -				target_state--;
> -		}
> -	}
> +	if (!wakeup || !dev->pme_support || pci_pme_capable(dev, target_state))
> +		return target_state;
> +
> +	/* Find the deepest state from which the device can generate PME#. */
> +	while (target_state && !(dev->pme_support & (1 << target_state)))
> +		target_state--;
>  
>  	return target_state;
>  }
> 
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFT][PATCH] PCI: PM: Add special case handling for PCIe device wakeup
  2021-07-27 10:55 ` Mika Westerberg
@ 2021-07-27 13:18   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2021-07-27 13:18 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mika Westerberg
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Linux PCI, Linux ACPI, Linux PM, LKML,
	Bjorn Helgaas, Kai-Heng Feng, Utkarsh H Patel, Koba Ko

On Tue, Jul 27, 2021 at 12:56 PM Mika Westerberg
<mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Rafael,
>
> On Mon, Jul 12, 2021 at 07:06:47PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> >
> > Some PCIe devices only support PME (Power Management Event) from
> > D3cold.  One example is the ASMedia xHCI controller:
> >
> >  11:00.0 USB controller: ASMedia Technology Inc. ASM1042A USB 3.0 Host Controller (prog-if 30 [XHCI])
> >    ...
> >    Capabilities: [78] Power Management version 3
> >            Flags: PMEClk- DSI- D1- D2- AuxCurrent=55mA PME(D0-,D1-,D2-,D3hot-,D3cold+)
> >            Status: D0 NoSoftRst+ PME-Enable- DSel=0 DScale=0 PME-
> >
> > In those cases, if the device is expected to generate wakeup events
> > from its final power state, pci_target_state() returns D0, which
> > prevents the PCIe port the device is connected to from entering any
> > low-power states too.  However, if the device were allowed to go into
> > D3hot, its parent PCIe port would also be able to go into D3 and if
> > it goes into D3cold, it would cause the endpoint device to end up in
> > D3cold too (as per the PCI PM spec v1.2, Table 6-1), in which case
> > the endpoint would be able to signal PME.  This means that the system
> > could be put into a lower-power configuration without sacrificing the
> > the given device's ability to generate PME.
> >
> > In order to avoid missing that opportunity, extend pci_pme_capable()
> > to check the device's parent in the special case when the target
> > state is D3hot and the device can only signal PME from D3cold and
> > update pci_target_state() to return the current target state if
> > pci_pme_capable() returns 'true' for it.
>
> Thanks a lot for this!
>
> I tried the patch and unfortunately it does not solve the issue but I
> think I know what the problem is, see below.

OK, it's good that you can access a system having this issue.

> > Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pm/20210617123653.58640-1-mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com
> > Reported-by: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
> > Reported-by: Utkarsh H Patel <utkarsh.h.patel@intel.com>
> > Reported-by: Koba Ko <koba.ko@canonical.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> > ---
> >
> > Hi,
> >
> > Anyone who can reproduce the problem described in the changelog,
> > please test the patch and let me know the result.
> >
> > Thanks!
> >
> > ---
> >  drivers/pci/pci.c |   38 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
> >  1 file changed, 26 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
> >
> > Index: linux-pm/drivers/pci/pci.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/pci/pci.c
> > +++ linux-pm/drivers/pci/pci.c
> > @@ -2298,10 +2298,29 @@ void pci_pme_wakeup_bus(struct pci_bus *
> >   */
> >  bool pci_pme_capable(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state)
> >  {
> > +     struct pci_dev *parent;
> > +
> >       if (!dev->pm_cap)
> >               return false;
> >
> > -     return !!(dev->pme_support & (1 << state));
> > +     if (dev->pme_support & (1 << state))
> > +             return true;
> > +
> > +     /*
> > +      * Special case: The target state is D3hot and the device only supports
> > +      * signaling PME from D3cold, but it is a PCIe device whose parent port
> > +      * can go into D3cold.  In that case, if the device is allowed to go
> > +      * into D3hot, the parent port can go into D3cold which will cause the
> > +      * device to end up in D3cold, so it will be able to signal PME from the
> > +      * final state.
> > +      */
> > +     if (state != PCI_D3hot || !(dev->pme_support & (1 << PCI_D3cold)))
> > +             return false;
> > +
> > +     parent = dev->bus->self;
> > +     return pci_bridge_d3_possible(parent) &&
> > +             platform_pci_power_manageable(parent) &&
>
> Here. We cannot assume that the parent has ACPI node either.

I see.  Obviously, I assumed that this was the case.

> For instance when PCIe is tunneled over TBT/USB4 there can be several PCIe
> switches between the problem endpoint and the root port (which has the
> ACPI node of course). I think the safe assumption is to check for the
> root port and whether platform_pci_power_manageable() returns true for
> it but I may be missing something.

Well, if any of the ports on the path between the target endpoint and
the root complex can be put into D3cold via ACPI, the endpoint will
end up in D3cold effectively, so I think that all of them need to be
checked.

Let me change the patch to do that.

> > +             platform_pci_choose_state(parent) == PCI_D3cold;
> >  }
> >  EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_pme_capable);
> >
> > @@ -2595,17 +2614,12 @@ static pci_power_t pci_target_state(stru
> >       if (dev->current_state == PCI_D3cold)
> >               target_state = PCI_D3cold;
> >
> > -     if (wakeup) {
> > -             /*
> > -              * Find the deepest state from which the device can generate
> > -              * PME#.
> > -              */
> > -             if (dev->pme_support) {
> > -                     while (target_state
> > -                           && !(dev->pme_support & (1 << target_state)))
> > -                             target_state--;
> > -             }
> > -     }
> > +     if (!wakeup || !dev->pme_support || pci_pme_capable(dev, target_state))
> > +             return target_state;
> > +
> > +     /* Find the deepest state from which the device can generate PME#. */
> > +     while (target_state && !(dev->pme_support & (1 << target_state)))
> > +             target_state--;
> >
> >       return target_state;
> >  }
> >
> >

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2021-07-27 13:18 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 3+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
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2021-07-12 17:06 [RFT][PATCH] PCI: PM: Add special case handling for PCIe device wakeup Rafael J. Wysocki
2021-07-27 10:55 ` Mika Westerberg
2021-07-27 13:18   ` Rafael J. Wysocki

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