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* [PATCH v2 1/1] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: eliminate a potential memory corruption on Hi16xx soc
@ 2018-10-20  7:36 Zhen Lei
  2018-10-29 17:59 ` Will Deacon
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 5+ messages in thread
From: Zhen Lei @ 2018-10-20  7:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Robin Murphy, Will Deacon, Joerg Roedel, linux-arm-kernel, iommu,
	linux-kernel
  Cc: Zhen Lei, LinuxArm

The standard GITS_TRANSLATER register in ITS is only 4 bytes, but
Hisilicon expands the next 4 bytes to carry some IMPDEF information. That
means, total 8 bytes data will be written to MSIAddress each time.

MSIAddr: |----4bytes----|----4bytes----|
	 |    MSIData   |    IMPDEF    |

There is no problem for ITS, because the next 4 bytes space is reserved
in ITS. But it will overwrite the 4 bytes memory following "sync_count".
It's very fortunately that the previous and the next neighbour of the
"sync_count" are both aligned by 8 bytes, so no problem is met now.

It's good to explicitly add a workaround:
1. Add gcc __attribute__((aligned(8))) to make sure that "sync_count" is
   always aligned by 8 bytes.
2. Add a "int" struct member to make sure the 4 bytes padding is always
   exist.

There is no functional change.

Signed-off-by: Zhen Lei <thunder.leizhen@huawei.com>
---
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 15 ++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index 5059d09..624fdd0 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -586,7 +586,20 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
 
 	struct arm_smmu_strtab_cfg	strtab_cfg;
 
-	u32				sync_count;
+	/*
+	 * The alignment and padding is required by Hi16xx of Hisilicon.
+	 * Because the ITS hardware on Hi16xx will truncate the MSIAddress(Here
+	 * it's the address of "sync_count") to 8 bytes boundary first, then
+	 * write 32 bits MSIdata at offset 0, and 32 bits IMPDEF data at offset
+	 * 4. Without this workaround, the adjacent member maybe overwritten.
+	 *
+	 *                    |---4bytes---|---4bytes---|
+	 * MSIAddress & (~0x7):   MSIdata  | IMPDEF data|
+	 */
+	struct {
+		u32			sync_count;
+		int			padding;
+	} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
 
 	/* IOMMU core code handle */
 	struct iommu_device		iommu;
-- 
1.8.3



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 1/1] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: eliminate a potential memory corruption on Hi16xx soc
  2018-10-20  7:36 [PATCH v2 1/1] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: eliminate a potential memory corruption on Hi16xx soc Zhen Lei
@ 2018-10-29 17:59 ` Will Deacon
  2018-10-30  1:52   ` Leizhen (ThunderTown)
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 5+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2018-10-29 17:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Zhen Lei
  Cc: Robin Murphy, Joerg Roedel, linux-arm-kernel, iommu,
	linux-kernel, LinuxArm

On Sat, Oct 20, 2018 at 03:36:54PM +0800, Zhen Lei wrote:
> The standard GITS_TRANSLATER register in ITS is only 4 bytes, but
> Hisilicon expands the next 4 bytes to carry some IMPDEF information. That
> means, total 8 bytes data will be written to MSIAddress each time.
> 
> MSIAddr: |----4bytes----|----4bytes----|
> 	 |    MSIData   |    IMPDEF    |
> 
> There is no problem for ITS, because the next 4 bytes space is reserved
> in ITS. But it will overwrite the 4 bytes memory following "sync_count".
> It's very fortunately that the previous and the next neighbour of the
> "sync_count" are both aligned by 8 bytes, so no problem is met now.
> 
> It's good to explicitly add a workaround:
> 1. Add gcc __attribute__((aligned(8))) to make sure that "sync_count" is
>    always aligned by 8 bytes.
> 2. Add a "int" struct member to make sure the 4 bytes padding is always
>    exist.
> 
> There is no functional change.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Zhen Lei <thunder.leizhen@huawei.com>
> ---
>  drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 15 ++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
> index 5059d09..624fdd0 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
> @@ -586,7 +586,20 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
>  
>  	struct arm_smmu_strtab_cfg	strtab_cfg;
>  
> -	u32				sync_count;
> +	/*
> +	 * The alignment and padding is required by Hi16xx of Hisilicon.
> +	 * Because the ITS hardware on Hi16xx will truncate the MSIAddress(Here
> +	 * it's the address of "sync_count") to 8 bytes boundary first, then
> +	 * write 32 bits MSIdata at offset 0, and 32 bits IMPDEF data at offset
> +	 * 4. Without this workaround, the adjacent member maybe overwritten.
> +	 *
> +	 *                    |---4bytes---|---4bytes---|
> +	 * MSIAddress & (~0x7):   MSIdata  | IMPDEF data|
> +	 */
> +	struct {
> +		u32			sync_count;
> +		int			padding;
> +	} __attribute__((aligned(8)));

I thought the conclusion after reviewing your original patch was to maintain
the union and drop the alignment directive? e.g.

	union {
		u32	sync_count;
		u64	padding; /* Hi16xx writes an extra 32 bits of goodness */
	};

Will

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 1/1] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: eliminate a potential memory corruption on Hi16xx soc
  2018-10-29 17:59 ` Will Deacon
@ 2018-10-30  1:52   ` Leizhen (ThunderTown)
  2018-10-30  9:26     ` John Garry
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 5+ messages in thread
From: Leizhen (ThunderTown) @ 2018-10-30  1:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Will Deacon
  Cc: Robin Murphy, Joerg Roedel, linux-arm-kernel, iommu,
	linux-kernel, LinuxArm



On 2018/10/30 1:59, Will Deacon wrote:
> On Sat, Oct 20, 2018 at 03:36:54PM +0800, Zhen Lei wrote:
>> The standard GITS_TRANSLATER register in ITS is only 4 bytes, but
>> Hisilicon expands the next 4 bytes to carry some IMPDEF information. That
>> means, total 8 bytes data will be written to MSIAddress each time.
>>
>> MSIAddr: |----4bytes----|----4bytes----|
>> 	 |    MSIData   |    IMPDEF    |
>>
>> There is no problem for ITS, because the next 4 bytes space is reserved
>> in ITS. But it will overwrite the 4 bytes memory following "sync_count".
>> It's very fortunately that the previous and the next neighbour of the
>> "sync_count" are both aligned by 8 bytes, so no problem is met now.
>>
>> It's good to explicitly add a workaround:
>> 1. Add gcc __attribute__((aligned(8))) to make sure that "sync_count" is
>>    always aligned by 8 bytes.
>> 2. Add a "int" struct member to make sure the 4 bytes padding is always
>>    exist.
>>
>> There is no functional change.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Zhen Lei <thunder.leizhen@huawei.com>
>> ---
>>  drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 15 ++++++++++++++-
>>  1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
>> index 5059d09..624fdd0 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
>> @@ -586,7 +586,20 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
>>  
>>  	struct arm_smmu_strtab_cfg	strtab_cfg;
>>  
>> -	u32				sync_count;
>> +	/*
>> +	 * The alignment and padding is required by Hi16xx of Hisilicon.
>> +	 * Because the ITS hardware on Hi16xx will truncate the MSIAddress(Here
>> +	 * it's the address of "sync_count") to 8 bytes boundary first, then
>> +	 * write 32 bits MSIdata at offset 0, and 32 bits IMPDEF data at offset
>> +	 * 4. Without this workaround, the adjacent member maybe overwritten.
>> +	 *
>> +	 *                    |---4bytes---|---4bytes---|
>> +	 * MSIAddress & (~0x7):   MSIdata  | IMPDEF data|
>> +	 */
>> +	struct {
>> +		u32			sync_count;
>> +		int			padding;
>> +	} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
> 
> I thought the conclusion after reviewing your original patch was to maintain
> the union and drop the alignment directive? e.g.
> 
> 	union {
> 		u32	sync_count;
> 		u64	padding; /* Hi16xx writes an extra 32 bits of goodness */
> 	};
OK, I will sent v3.

> 
> Will
> 
> .
> 

-- 
Thanks!
BestRegards


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 1/1] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: eliminate a potential memory corruption on Hi16xx soc
  2018-10-30  1:52   ` Leizhen (ThunderTown)
@ 2018-10-30  9:26     ` John Garry
  2018-10-30 14:02       ` Leizhen (ThunderTown)
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 5+ messages in thread
From: John Garry @ 2018-10-30  9:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Leizhen (ThunderTown), Will Deacon
  Cc: Joerg Roedel, LinuxArm, linux-kernel, iommu, Robin Murphy,
	linux-arm-kernel

On 30/10/2018 01:52, Leizhen (ThunderTown) wrote:
>
>
> On 2018/10/30 1:59, Will Deacon wrote:
>> On Sat, Oct 20, 2018 at 03:36:54PM +0800, Zhen Lei wrote:
>>> The standard GITS_TRANSLATER register in ITS is only 4 bytes, but
>>> Hisilicon expands the next 4 bytes to carry some IMPDEF information. That
>>> means, total 8 bytes data will be written to MSIAddress each time.
>>>
>>> MSIAddr: |----4bytes----|----4bytes----|
>>> 	 |    MSIData   |    IMPDEF    |
>>>
>>> There is no problem for ITS, because the next 4 bytes space is reserved
>>> in ITS. But it will overwrite the 4 bytes memory following "sync_count".
>>> It's very fortunately that the previous and the next neighbour of the
>>> "sync_count" are both aligned by 8 bytes, so no problem is met now.
>>>
>>> It's good to explicitly add a workaround:
>>> 1. Add gcc __attribute__((aligned(8))) to make sure that "sync_count" is
>>>    always aligned by 8 bytes.
>>> 2. Add a "int" struct member to make sure the 4 bytes padding is always
>>>    exist.
>>>
>>> There is no functional change.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Zhen Lei <thunder.leizhen@huawei.com>
>>> ---
>>>  drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 15 ++++++++++++++-
>>>  1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
>>> index 5059d09..624fdd0 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
>>> @@ -586,7 +586,20 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
>>>
>>>  	struct arm_smmu_strtab_cfg	strtab_cfg;
>>>
>>> -	u32				sync_count;
>>> +	/*
>>> +	 * The alignment and padding is required by Hi16xx of Hisilicon.

Nit: I know that there is no functional change related to this bug which 
depends on the chip version, but how about "hi1620 and earlier"? hi16xx 
is very broad.

Thanks

>>> +	 * Because the ITS hardware on Hi16xx will truncate the MSIAddress(Here
>>> +	 * it's the address of "sync_count") to 8 bytes boundary first, then
>>> +	 * write 32 bits MSIdata at offset 0, and 32 bits IMPDEF data at offset
>>> +	 * 4. Without this workaround, the adjacent member maybe overwritten.
>>> +	 *
>>> +	 *                    |---4bytes---|---4bytes---|
>>> +	 * MSIAddress & (~0x7):   MSIdata  | IMPDEF data|
>>> +	 */
>>> +	struct {
>>> +		u32			sync_count;
>>> +		int			padding;
>>> +	} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
>>
>> I thought the conclusion after reviewing your original patch was to maintain
>> the union and drop the alignment directive? e.g.
>>
>> 	union {
>> 		u32	sync_count;
>> 		u64	padding; /* Hi16xx writes an extra 32 bits of goodness */
>> 	};
> OK, I will sent v3.
>
>>
>> Will
>>
>> .
>>
>



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 1/1] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: eliminate a potential memory corruption on Hi16xx soc
  2018-10-30  9:26     ` John Garry
@ 2018-10-30 14:02       ` Leizhen (ThunderTown)
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Leizhen (ThunderTown) @ 2018-10-30 14:02 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: John Garry, Will Deacon
  Cc: Joerg Roedel, LinuxArm, linux-kernel, iommu, Robin Murphy,
	linux-arm-kernel



On 2018/10/30 17:26, John Garry wrote:
> On 30/10/2018 01:52, Leizhen (ThunderTown) wrote:
>>
>>
>> On 2018/10/30 1:59, Will Deacon wrote:
>>> On Sat, Oct 20, 2018 at 03:36:54PM +0800, Zhen Lei wrote:
>>>> The standard GITS_TRANSLATER register in ITS is only 4 bytes, but
>>>> Hisilicon expands the next 4 bytes to carry some IMPDEF information. That
>>>> means, total 8 bytes data will be written to MSIAddress each time.
>>>>
>>>> MSIAddr: |----4bytes----|----4bytes----|
>>>>      |    MSIData   |    IMPDEF    |
>>>>
>>>> There is no problem for ITS, because the next 4 bytes space is reserved
>>>> in ITS. But it will overwrite the 4 bytes memory following "sync_count".
>>>> It's very fortunately that the previous and the next neighbour of the
>>>> "sync_count" are both aligned by 8 bytes, so no problem is met now.
>>>>
>>>> It's good to explicitly add a workaround:
>>>> 1. Add gcc __attribute__((aligned(8))) to make sure that "sync_count" is
>>>>    always aligned by 8 bytes.
>>>> 2. Add a "int" struct member to make sure the 4 bytes padding is always
>>>>    exist.
>>>>
>>>> There is no functional change.
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Zhen Lei <thunder.leizhen@huawei.com>
>>>> ---
>>>>  drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 15 ++++++++++++++-
>>>>  1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
>>>> index 5059d09..624fdd0 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
>>>> @@ -586,7 +586,20 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
>>>>
>>>>      struct arm_smmu_strtab_cfg    strtab_cfg;
>>>>
>>>> -    u32                sync_count;
>>>> +    /*
>>>> +     * The alignment and padding is required by Hi16xx of Hisilicon.
> 
> Nit: I know that there is no functional change related to this bug which depends on the chip version, but how about "hi1620 and earlier"? hi16xx is very broad.

OK, I will update it.

> 
> Thanks
> 
>>>> +     * Because the ITS hardware on Hi16xx will truncate the MSIAddress(Here
>>>> +     * it's the address of "sync_count") to 8 bytes boundary first, then
>>>> +     * write 32 bits MSIdata at offset 0, and 32 bits IMPDEF data at offset
>>>> +     * 4. Without this workaround, the adjacent member maybe overwritten.
>>>> +     *
>>>> +     *                    |---4bytes---|---4bytes---|
>>>> +     * MSIAddress & (~0x7):   MSIdata  | IMPDEF data|
>>>> +     */
>>>> +    struct {
>>>> +        u32            sync_count;
>>>> +        int            padding;
>>>> +    } __attribute__((aligned(8)));
>>>
>>> I thought the conclusion after reviewing your original patch was to maintain
>>> the union and drop the alignment directive? e.g.
>>>
>>>     union {
>>>         u32    sync_count;
>>>         u64    padding; /* Hi16xx writes an extra 32 bits of goodness */
>>>     };
>> OK, I will sent v3.
>>
>>>
>>> Will
>>>
>>> .
>>>
>>
> 
> 
> 
> .
> 

-- 
Thanks!
BestRegards


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2018-10-30 14:03 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 5+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2018-10-20  7:36 [PATCH v2 1/1] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: eliminate a potential memory corruption on Hi16xx soc Zhen Lei
2018-10-29 17:59 ` Will Deacon
2018-10-30  1:52   ` Leizhen (ThunderTown)
2018-10-30  9:26     ` John Garry
2018-10-30 14:02       ` Leizhen (ThunderTown)

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