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From: Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch>
To: Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org>,
	Russell King - ARM Linux <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org, arnd@arndb.de,
	nicolas.pitre@linaro.org, marc.zyngier@arm.com,
	behanw@converseincode.com, keescook@chromium.org,
	Bernhard.Rosenkranzer@linaro.org,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 5/5] ARM: add support for building ARM kernel with clang
Date: Wed, 21 Mar 2018 10:03:22 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <602b427702af61a503d9ffe38c35075c@agner.ch> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20180321002022.GH37438@google.com>

On 21.03.2018 01:20, Matthias Kaehlcke wrote:
> El Tue, Mar 20, 2018 at 11:18:33PM +0000 Russell King - ARM Linux ha dit:
> 
>> On Wed, Mar 21, 2018 at 12:02:06AM +0100, Stefan Agner wrote:
>> > Use cc-options call for compiler options which are not available
>> > in clang. With this patch an ARMv7 multi platform kernel can be
>> > successfully build using clang (tested with version 5.0.1).
>> >
>> > Based-on-patches-by: Behan Webster <behanw@converseincode.com>
>> > Signed-off-by: Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch>
> 
> Great to see your work on bringing clang support for 32-bit ARM
> upstream!
> 
>> > ---
>> >  arch/arm/Makefile                 | 2 +-
>> >  arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile | 2 +-
>> >  2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>> >
>> > diff --git a/arch/arm/Makefile b/arch/arm/Makefile
>> > index e9e3fde3c657..20e9fee1ccc5 100644
>> > --- a/arch/arm/Makefile
>> > +++ b/arch/arm/Makefile
>> > @@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-option,-mno-unaligned-access)
>> >  endif
>> >
>> >  ifeq ($(CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER),y)
>> > -KBUILD_CFLAGS	+=-fno-omit-frame-pointer -mapcs -mno-sched-prolog
>> > +KBUILD_CFLAGS	+=-fno-omit-frame-pointer $(call cc-option,-mapcs,) $(call cc-option,-mno-sched-prolog,)
>>
>> Some of these options here are to ensure that we generate the following
>> code, so we can backtrace:
>>
>> 	mov	ip, sp
>> 	stmfd	sp!, {fp, ip, lr, pc}
>> 	sub	fp, ip, #4
>>
>> If clang isn't producing that code at the start of functions with
>> CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER=y, then backtracing will not work, and arguably
>> CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER=y is useless there.  In that circumstance, it's
>> probably better to fail so the user can configure something more
>> debuggable, rather than having the kernel potentially producing
>> undebuggable oopses.

With clang and -fno-omit-frame-pointer function prologue looks something
like this:

   0:   e92d4ff0        push    {r4, r5, r6, r7, r8, r9, sl, fp, lr}    
                                                                   
   4:   e28db01c        add     fp, sp, #28
...

This bug seems to be related:
https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=18505 

It seems that LLVM/clang does not plan to add APCS format/gcc
interoperability for the same frame layout.

I guess it would be possible to support the LLVM/clang frame layout?

But until then, I am with Russel here: Better just let clang fail on
CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER=y.

Most configs probably anyway use CONFIG_ARM_UNWIND. At least
multi_v7_defconfig does.

> 
> Which option in particular is important to generate the above code for
> backstracing?

For gcc, I guess really all of them.

--
Stefan

> 
> According to the gcc doc -mapcs(-frame) is deprecated.
> 
> For -mno-sched-prolog the doc says:
> 
> "Prevent the reordering of instructions in the function prologue, or
> the merging of those instruction with the instructions in the
> function’s body. This means that all functions start with a
> recognizable set of instructions (or in fact one of a choice from a
> small set of different function prologues), and this information can
> be used to locate the start of functions inside an executable piece of
> code. The default is -msched-prolog."
> 
> Thanks
> 
> Matthias

  reply	other threads:[~2018-03-21  9:03 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 23+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-03-20 23:02 [PATCH 0/5] ARM: clang support Stefan Agner
2018-03-20 23:02 ` [PATCH 1/5] bus: arm-cci: use asm unreachable Stefan Agner
2018-03-20 23:30   ` Russell King - ARM Linux
2018-03-21  8:22     ` Stefan Agner
2018-03-20 23:02 ` [PATCH 2/5] efi/libstub/arm: add support for building with clang Stefan Agner
2018-03-20 23:02 ` [PATCH 3/5] ARM: trusted_foundations: do not use naked function Stefan Agner
2018-03-20 23:13   ` Russell King - ARM Linux
2018-03-21  8:41     ` Stefan Agner
2018-03-21 12:13   ` Robin Murphy
2018-03-21 14:09     ` Stefan Agner
2018-03-21 15:26       ` Dmitry Osipenko
2018-03-21 16:40         ` Stephen Warren
2018-03-21 17:16           ` Robin Murphy
2018-03-21 21:41             ` Stefan Agner
2018-03-22 11:48               ` Robin Murphy
2018-03-22 12:43                 ` Stefan Agner
2018-03-22 14:03                   ` Dmitry Osipenko
2018-03-20 23:02 ` [PATCH 4/5] ARM: drop no-thumb-interwork in EABI mode Stefan Agner
2018-03-20 23:02 ` [PATCH 5/5] ARM: add support for building ARM kernel with clang Stefan Agner
2018-03-20 23:18   ` Russell King - ARM Linux
2018-03-21  0:20     ` Matthias Kaehlcke
2018-03-21  9:03       ` Stefan Agner [this message]
2018-03-25 13:24     ` Stefan Agner

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