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From: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>,
	Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>,
	Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>,
	kasan-dev@googlegroups.com, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>
Subject: [PATCH 09/11] kasan: docs: update shadow memory section
Date: Thu, 11 Mar 2021 22:37:21 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <6cb4988a241f086be7e7df3eea79416a53377ade.1615498565.git.andreyknvl@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <f6efb2f36fc1f40eb22df027e6bc956cac71745e.1615498565.git.andreyknvl@google.com>

Update the "Shadow memory" section in KASAN documentation:

- Rearrange the introduction paragraph do it doesn't give a
  "KASAN has an issue" impression.
- Update the list of architectures with vmalloc support.
- Punctuation, readability, and other minor clean-ups.

Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>
---
 Documentation/dev-tools/kasan.rst | 31 ++++++++++++++-----------------
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/dev-tools/kasan.rst b/Documentation/dev-tools/kasan.rst
index f5c746a475c1..2b61d90e136f 100644
--- a/Documentation/dev-tools/kasan.rst
+++ b/Documentation/dev-tools/kasan.rst
@@ -304,14 +304,11 @@ checking gets disabled.
 Shadow memory
 -------------
 
-The kernel maps memory in a number of different parts of the address
-space. This poses something of a problem for KASAN, which requires
-that all addresses accessed by instrumented code have a valid shadow
-region.
-
-The range of kernel virtual addresses is large: there is not enough
-real memory to support a real shadow region for every address that
-could be accessed by the kernel.
+The kernel maps memory in several different parts of the address space.
+The range of kernel virtual addresses is large: there is not enough real
+memory to support a real shadow region for every address that could be
+accessed by the kernel. Therefore, KASAN only maps real shadow for certain
+parts of the address space.
 
 By default
 ~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -323,10 +320,9 @@ page is mapped over the shadow area. This read-only shadow page
 declares all memory accesses as permitted.
 
 This presents a problem for modules: they do not live in the linear
-mapping, but in a dedicated module space. By hooking in to the module
-allocator, KASAN can temporarily map real shadow memory to cover
-them. This allows detection of invalid accesses to module globals, for
-example.
+mapping but in a dedicated module space. By hooking into the module
+allocator, KASAN temporarily maps real shadow memory to cover them.
+This allows detection of invalid accesses to module globals, for example.
 
 This also creates an incompatibility with ``VMAP_STACK``: if the stack
 lives in vmalloc space, it will be shadowed by the read-only page, and
@@ -337,9 +333,10 @@ CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
 With ``CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC``, KASAN can cover vmalloc space at the
-cost of greater memory usage. Currently this is only supported on x86.
+cost of greater memory usage. Currently, this is supported on x86,
+riscv, s390, and powerpc.
 
-This works by hooking into vmalloc and vmap, and dynamically
+This works by hooking into vmalloc and vmap and dynamically
 allocating real shadow memory to back the mappings.
 
 Most mappings in vmalloc space are small, requiring less than a full
@@ -358,10 +355,10 @@ memory.
 
 To avoid the difficulties around swapping mappings around, KASAN expects
 that the part of the shadow region that covers the vmalloc space will
-not be covered by the early shadow page, but will be left
-unmapped. This will require changes in arch-specific code.
+not be covered by the early shadow page but will be left unmapped.
+This will require changes in arch-specific code.
 
-This allows ``VMAP_STACK`` support on x86, and can simplify support of
+This allows ``VMAP_STACK`` support on x86 and can simplify support of
 architectures that do not have a fixed module region.
 
 For developers
-- 
2.31.0.rc2.261.g7f71774620-goog


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-03-11 21:38 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-03-11 21:37 [PATCH 01/11] kasan: docs: clean up sections Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-11 21:37 ` [PATCH 02/11] kasan: docs: update overview section Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-12 10:17   ` Marco Elver
2021-03-12 13:51     ` Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-11 21:37 ` [PATCH 03/11] kasan: docs: update usage section Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-11 21:37 ` [PATCH 04/11] kasan: docs: update error reports section Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-11 21:37 ` [PATCH 05/11] kasan: docs: update boot parameters section Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-11 21:37 ` [PATCH 06/11] kasan: docs: update GENERIC implementation details section Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-11 21:37 ` [PATCH 07/11] kasan: docs: update SW_TAGS " Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-11 21:37 ` [PATCH 08/11] kasan: docs: update HW_TAGS " Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-11 21:37 ` Andrey Konovalov [this message]
2021-03-12 10:52   ` [PATCH 09/11] kasan: docs: update shadow memory section Marco Elver
2021-03-12 13:52     ` Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-11 21:37 ` [PATCH 10/11] kasan: docs: update ignoring accesses section Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-12 11:02   ` Marco Elver
2021-03-12 14:07     ` Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-11 21:37 ` [PATCH 11/11] kasan: docs: update tests section Andrey Konovalov
2021-03-12 10:47   ` Marco Elver
2021-03-12 13:53     ` Andrey Konovalov

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