LKML Archive on
help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Joseph Qi <>
To: Wengang Wang <>
Cc: Chenyuan Mi <>,
	akpm <>, Xin Tan <>,
	Xiyu Yang <>,
	"" <>,
	"" <>,
	"" <>
Subject: Re: [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2] ocfs2: Fix handle refcount leak in two exception handling paths
Date: Tue, 14 Sep 2021 10:12:17 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On 9/11/21 1:00 AM, Wengang Wang wrote:
>> On Sep 9, 2021, at 6:53 PM, Joseph Qi <> wrote:
>> On 9/10/21 1:48 AM, Wengang Wang wrote:
>>> On Sep 9, 2021, at 4:07 AM, Joseph Qi <<>> wrote:
>>> Hi Wengang,
>>> On 9/9/21 1:12 AM, Wengang Wang wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> Sorry for late involving, but this doesn’t look right to me.
>>> On Sep 8, 2021, at 3:51 AM, Joseph Qi <<>> wrote:
>>> On 9/8/21 6:20 PM, Chenyuan Mi wrote:
>>> The reference counting issue happens in two exception handling paths
>>> of ocfs2_replay_truncate_records(). When executing these two exception
>>> handling paths, the function forgets to decrease the refcount of handle
>>> increased by ocfs2_start_trans(), causing a refcount leak.
>>> Fix this issue by using ocfs2_commit_trans() to decrease the refcount
>>> of handle in two handling paths.
>>> Signed-off-by: Chenyuan Mi <<>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Xiyu Yang <<>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Xin Tan <<>>
>>> Reviewed-by: Joseph Qi <<>>
>>> ---
>>> fs/ocfs2/alloc.c | 2 ++
>>> 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)
>>> diff --git a/fs/ocfs2/alloc.c b/fs/ocfs2/alloc.c
>>> index f1cc8258d34a..b05fde7edc3a 100644
>>> --- a/fs/ocfs2/alloc.c
>>> +++ b/fs/ocfs2/alloc.c
>>> @@ -5940,6 +5940,7 @@ static int ocfs2_replay_truncate_records(struct ocfs2_super *osb,
>>> status = ocfs2_journal_access_di(handle, INODE_CACHE(tl_inode), tl_bh,
>>> if (status < 0) {
>>> + ocfs2_commit_trans(osb, handle);
>>> mlog_errno(status);
>>> goto bail;
>>> }
>>> @@ -5964,6 +5965,7 @@ static int ocfs2_replay_truncate_records(struct ocfs2_super *osb,
>>>     data_alloc_bh, start_blk,
>>>     num_clusters);
>>> if (status < 0) {
>>> + ocfs2_commit_trans(osb, handle);
>>> As a transaction, stuff expected to be in the same handle should be treated as atomic.
>>> Here the stuff includes the tl_bh and other metadata block which will be modified in ocfs2_free_clusters().
>>> Coming here, some of related meta blocks may be in the handle but others are not due to the error happened.
>>> If you do a commit, partial meta blocks are committed to log. — that breaks the atomic idea, it will cause FS inconsistency.
>>> So what’s reason you want to commit the meta block changes, which is not all of expected, in this handle to journal log?
>>> Do you really see a hit on the failure? or just you detected the refcount leak by code review?
>>> You may want to look at ocfs2_journal_dirty() for the error handling part.
>>> For the first error handling, since we don't call ocfs2_journal_dirty()
>>> yet, so won't be a problem.
>>> For the second error handling, I think we don't have a better way. Look
>>> at other callers of ocfs2_free_clusters(), we simply ignore the error
>>> code.
>>> Anyway, we should commit transaction if starts, otherwise journal will
>>> be abnormal.
>>> I don't think so. If error happened, we should fail ocfs2, rather than do a partial committing.
>> Umm... not exactly...
>> Take ocfs2_free_clusters() for example, when it fails in case of EIO or
>> ENOMEM, we can't just abort journal in such cases, because it is not so
>> serious, only a bit blocks still occupied and they will recovery during
>> the next mount. 
> So are you sure a partial journal commitment won’t cause FS inconsistency? any proof for that?
> Problem is not just if we can try to free the blocks again or not. The problem is FS in inconsistent state.
> I didn’t look into ocfs2_free_clusters() further, but can image this case:
> 1) We are going to free some clusters/blocks. 
> 2) We may need a new (not merging into existing) record to remember the new free extent. 
> 3) The new record needs to be inserted into free extent tree.
> 4) the block (block A) where the new record to be inserted could be already full thus no space for the new record.
> 5) then we need at least a new block (block B) to store the new record. (to maintain the free block btree, maybe another block, block C is needed too).
> 6) So we need to save the pointer (block number) of block B in block A and store the new record in block B.
> 7) In this case we need to make sure block A and block B either both in journal log, or none of them in journal log.  We don’t allow block A is in journal bot block B is not, right?
> go back to question,   Error could after block B is added to journal handle but before block A is added. In case we do a journal commit when hitting that error, we are committing block B to journal but leaving block A not in.
> If panic happened, block A could never has the pointer pointing to block B. The result is block B is permanently lost (we can never reuse this block again). 
> Or if we add block A to journal first before adding block B and error happens After block A is added and before block B is added.  Then we have the pointer pointing to block B in block A after panic, but block B doesn’t contain valid contents. The result is that we will hit problem when visiting block B as a valid btree block.
>> That's why we have "errors=continue" in most filesystems, we should always
>> consider the business continuity first.
>> Also you can look at ext4_free_blocks() for reference.
> OCFS2 doesn’t support ERRORS_CONT, or to say it just ignore that option.  No matter ERRORS_CONT is supported or not by OCFS2,
> The key is not to leave the FS in inconsistent state.

I didn't say it won't cause inconsistency, but "don't have a better way".
IIUC, ocfs2_free_cluster() mainly clears the bitmap and mark them free again.
So the lost space is some what a cost for "please don't abort business if
error happens but not be so serious". I think that's why other callers will
also commit transaction even ocfs2_free_cluster() fails.


  reply	other threads:[~2021-09-14  2:12 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-09-08 10:20 Chenyuan Mi
2021-09-08 10:51 ` Joseph Qi
2021-09-08 17:12   ` [Ocfs2-devel] " Wengang Wang
2021-09-09 11:07     ` Joseph Qi
     [not found]       ` <>
2021-09-10  1:53         ` Joseph Qi
2021-09-10 17:00           ` Wengang Wang
2021-09-14  2:12             ` Joseph Qi [this message]
2021-09-14  3:07               ` Wengang Wang
2021-09-15  2:36   ` Joseph Qi

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \
    --subject='Re: [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2] ocfs2: Fix handle refcount leak in two exception handling paths' \

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).