LKML Archive on
help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Niklas Schnelle <>
To: Bjorn Helgaas <>
Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <>,
	Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>,
	Michael Ellerman <>,
	Paul Mackerras <>,,,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] PCI: Move pci_dev_is/assign_added() to pci.h
Date: Mon, 23 Aug 2021 12:53:39 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210820223734.GA3366782@bjorn-Precision-5520>

On Fri, 2021-08-20 at 17:37 -0500, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 20, 2021 at 05:01:45PM +0200, Niklas Schnelle wrote:
> > The helper function pci_dev_is_added() from drivers/pci/pci.h is used in
> > PCI arch code of both s390 and powerpc leading to awkward relative
> > includes. Move it to the global include/linux/pci.h and get rid of these
> > includes just for that one function.
> I agree the includes are awkward.
> But the arch code *using* pci_dev_is_added() seems awkward, too.

See below for my interpretation why s390 has some driver like
functionality in its arch code which isn't necessarily awkward.

Independent from that I have found pci_dev_is_added() as the only way
deal with the case that one might be looking at a struct pci_dev
reference that has been removed via pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device() or
has never been fully scanned. This is quite useful when handling error
events which on s390 are part of the adapter event mechanism shared
with channel I/O devices.

> AFAICS, in powerpc, pci_dev_is_added() is only used by
> pnv_pci_ioda_fixup_iov() and pseries_pci_fixup_iov_resources().  Those
> are only called from pcibios_add_device(), which is only called from
> pci_device_add().
> Is it even possible for pci_dev_is_added() to be true in that path?
> s390 uses pci_dev_is_added() in recover_store()

I'm actually looking into this as I'm working on an s390 implementation
of the PCI recovery flow described in Documentation/PCI/pci-error-
recovery.rst that would also call pci_dev_is_added() because when we
get a platform notification of a PCI reset done by firmware it may be
that the sturct pci_dev is going away i.e. we still have a ref count
but it is not added to the PCI bus anymore. And pci_dev_is_added() is
the only way I've found to check for this state.

> , but I don't know what
> that is (looks like a sysfs file, but it's not documented) or why s390
> is the only arch that does this.

Good point about this not being documented, I'll look into adding docs.

This is a sysfs attribute that basically removes the pci_dev and re-
adds it. This has the complication that since the attribute sits at
/sys/bus/pci/devices/<dev>/recover it deletes its own parent directory
which requires extra caution and means concurrent accesses block on
pci_lock_rescan_remove() instead of a kernfs lock.
Long story short when concurrently triggering the attribute one thread
proceeds into the pci_lock_rescan_remove() section and does the
removal, while others would block on pci_lock_rescan_remove(). Now when
the threads unblock the removal is done. In this case there is a new
struct pci_dev found in the rescan but the previously blocked threads
still have references to the old struct pci_dev which was removed and
as far as I could tell can only be distinguihsed by checking

> Maybe we should make powerpc and s390 less special?

On s390, as I see it, the reason for this is that all of the PCI
functionality is directly defined in the Architecture as special CPU
instructions which are kind of hypercalls but also an ISA extension.

These instructions range from the basic PCI memory accesses (no real
MMIO) to enumeration of the devices and on to reporting of hot-plug and
and resets/recovery events. Importantly we do not have any kind of
direct access to a real or virtual PCI controller and the architecture
has no concept of a comparable entity.

So in my opinion while there is some of the functionality of a PCI
controller in arch/s390/pci the cut off between controller
functionality and arch support isn't clear at all and exposing PCI
support as CPU instructions doesn't map well to the controller concept.

That said, in principle I'm open to moving some of that into
drivers/pci/controller/ if you think that would improve things and we
can find a good argument what should go where. One possible cut off
would be to have arch/s390/pci/ provide wrappers to the PCI
instructions but move all their uses to  e.g.
drivers/pci/controller/s390/. This would of course be a major
refactoring and none of that code would be useful on any other
architecture but it would move a lot the accesses to PCI common code
functionality out of the arch code.

> > Signed-off-by: Niklas Schnelle <>
> > ---
> > Since v1 (and bad v2):
> > - Fixed accidental removal of PCI_DPC_RECOVERED, PCI_DPC_RECOVERING
> >   defines and also move these to include/linux/pci.h
> > 
> >  arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci-sriov.c |  3 ---
> >  arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/setup.c     |  1 -
> >  arch/s390/pci/pci_sysfs.c                  |  2 --
> >  drivers/pci/hotplug/acpiphp_glue.c         |  1 -
> >  drivers/pci/pci.h                          | 15 ---------------
> >  include/linux/pci.h                        | 15 +++++++++++++++
> >  6 files changed, 15 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci-sriov.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci-sriov.c
> > index 28aac933a439..2e0ca5451e85 100644
> > --- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci-sriov.c
> > +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci-sriov.c
> > @@ -9,9 +9,6 @@
> >  
> >  #include "pci.h"
> >  
> > -/* for pci_dev_is_added() */
> > -#include "../../../../drivers/pci/pci.h"
> > 
.. snip ..

  reply	other threads:[~2021-08-23 10:54 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-20 15:01 Niklas Schnelle
2021-08-20 22:37 ` Bjorn Helgaas
2021-08-23 10:53   ` Niklas Schnelle [this message]
2021-08-25 19:04     ` Bjorn Helgaas
2021-08-26 12:36       ` Niklas Schnelle
2021-10-08 22:13 ` Bjorn Helgaas

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \
    --subject='Re: [PATCH v3] PCI: Move pci_dev_is/assign_added() to pci.h' \

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).