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From: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <desmondcheongzx@gmail.com>
To: maarten.lankhorst@linux.intel.com, mripard@kernel.org,
	tzimmermann@suse.de, airlied@linux.ie, sumit.semwal@linaro.org,
	christian.koenig@amd.com, axboe@kernel.dk, oleg@redhat.com,
	tglx@linutronix.de, dvyukov@google.com,
	walter-zh.wu@mediatek.com, dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, intel-gfx@lists.freedesktop.org,
	linux-media@vger.kernel.org, linaro-mm-sig@lists.linaro.org,
	skhan@linuxfoundation.org, gregkh@linuxfoundation.org,
	linux-kernel-mentees@lists.linuxfoundation.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 7/9] drm: update global mutex lock in the ioctl handler
Date: Thu, 19 Aug 2021 18:52:58 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <874c94a4-1c33-c83a-ac3a-04b761013d40@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <YRzo4PJ/XRS3O199@phenom.ffwll.local>

On 18/8/21 7:02 pm, Daniel Vetter wrote:
> On Wed, Aug 18, 2021 at 03:38:22PM +0800, Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi wrote:
>> In a future patch, a read lock on drm_device.master_rwsem is
>> held in the ioctl handler before the check for ioctl
>> permissions. However, this produces the following lockdep splat:
>>
>> ======================================================
>> WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
>> 5.14.0-rc6-CI-Patchwork_20831+ #1 Tainted: G     U
>> ------------------------------------------------------
>> kms_lease/1752 is trying to acquire lock:
>> ffffffff827bad88 (drm_global_mutex){+.+.}-{3:3}, at: drm_open+0x64/0x280
>>
>> but task is already holding lock:
>> ffff88812e350108 (&dev->master_rwsem){++++}-{3:3}, at:
>> drm_ioctl_kernel+0xfb/0x1a0
>>
>> which lock already depends on the new lock.
>>
>> the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
>>
>> -> #2 (&dev->master_rwsem){++++}-{3:3}:
>>         lock_acquire+0xd3/0x310
>>         down_read+0x3b/0x140
>>         drm_master_internal_acquire+0x1d/0x60
>>         drm_client_modeset_commit+0x10/0x40
>>         __drm_fb_helper_restore_fbdev_mode_unlocked+0x88/0xb0
>>         drm_fb_helper_set_par+0x34/0x40
>>         intel_fbdev_set_par+0x11/0x40 [i915]
>>         fbcon_init+0x270/0x4f0
>>         visual_init+0xc6/0x130
>>         do_bind_con_driver+0x1de/0x2c0
>>         do_take_over_console+0x10e/0x180
>>         do_fbcon_takeover+0x53/0xb0
>>         register_framebuffer+0x22d/0x310
>>         __drm_fb_helper_initial_config_and_unlock+0x36c/0x540
>>         intel_fbdev_initial_config+0xf/0x20 [i915]
>>         async_run_entry_fn+0x28/0x130
>>         process_one_work+0x26d/0x5c0
>>         worker_thread+0x37/0x390
>>         kthread+0x13b/0x170
>>         ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30
>>
>> -> #1 (&helper->lock){+.+.}-{3:3}:
>>         lock_acquire+0xd3/0x310
>>         __mutex_lock+0xa8/0x930
>>         __drm_fb_helper_restore_fbdev_mode_unlocked+0x44/0xb0
>>         intel_fbdev_restore_mode+0x2b/0x50 [i915]
>>         drm_lastclose+0x27/0x50
>>         drm_release_noglobal+0x42/0x60
>>         __fput+0x9e/0x250
>>         task_work_run+0x6b/0xb0
>>         exit_to_user_mode_prepare+0x1c5/0x1d0
>>         syscall_exit_to_user_mode+0x19/0x50
>>         do_syscall_64+0x46/0xb0
>>         entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae
>>
>> -> #0 (drm_global_mutex){+.+.}-{3:3}:
>>         validate_chain+0xb39/0x1e70
>>         __lock_acquire+0x5a1/0xb70
>>         lock_acquire+0xd3/0x310
>>         __mutex_lock+0xa8/0x930
>>         drm_open+0x64/0x280
>>         drm_stub_open+0x9f/0x100
>>         chrdev_open+0x9f/0x1d0
>>         do_dentry_open+0x14a/0x3a0
>>         dentry_open+0x53/0x70
>>         drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl+0x3cb/0x970
>>         drm_ioctl_kernel+0xc9/0x1a0
>>         drm_ioctl+0x201/0x3d0
>>         __x64_sys_ioctl+0x6a/0xa0
>>         do_syscall_64+0x37/0xb0
>>         entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae
>>
>> other info that might help us debug this:
>> Chain exists of:
>>    drm_global_mutex --> &helper->lock --> &dev->master_rwsem
>>   Possible unsafe locking scenario:
>>         CPU0                    CPU1
>>         ----                    ----
>>    lock(&dev->master_rwsem);
>>                                 lock(&helper->lock);
>>                                 lock(&dev->master_rwsem);
>>    lock(drm_global_mutex);
>>
>>   *** DEADLOCK ***
>>
>> The lock hierarchy inversion happens because we grab the
>> drm_global_mutex while already holding on to master_rwsem. To avoid
>> this, we do some prep work to grab the drm_global_mutex before
>> checking for ioctl permissions.
>>
>> At the same time, we update the check for the global mutex to use the
>> drm_dev_needs_global_mutex helper function.
> 
> This is intentional, essentially we force all non-legacy drivers to have
> unlocked ioctl (otherwise everyone forgets to set that flag).
> 
> For non-legacy drivers the global lock only ensures ordering between
> drm_open and lastclose (I think at least), and between
> drm_dev_register/unregister and the backwards ->load/unload callbacks
> (which are called in the wrong place, but we cannot fix that for legacy
> drivers).
> 
> ->load/unload should be completely unused (maybe radeon still uses it),
> and ->lastclose is also on the decline.
> 

Ah ok got it, I'll change the check back to
drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_LEGACY) then.

> Maybe we should update the comment of drm_global_mutex to explain what it
> protects and why.
> 

The comments in drm_dev_needs_global_mutex make sense I think, I just
didn't read the code closely enough.

> I'm also confused how this patch connects to the splat, since for i915 we

Right, my bad, this is a separate instance of circular locking. I was
too hasty when I saw that for legacy drivers we might grab master_rwsem
then drm_global_mutex in the ioctl handler.

> shouldn't be taking the drm_global_lock here at all. The problem seems to
> be the drm_open_helper when we create a new lease, which is an entirely
> different can of worms.
> 
> I'm honestly not sure how to best do that, but we should be able to create
> a file and then call drm_open_helper directly, or well a version of that
> which never takes the drm_global_mutex. Because that is not needed for
> nested drm_file opening:
> - legacy drivers never go down this path because leases are only supported
>    with modesetting, and modesetting is only supported for non-legacy
>    drivers
> - the races against dev->open_count due to last_close or ->load callbacks
>    don't matter, because for the entire ioctl we already have an open
>    drm_file and that wont disappear.
> 
> So this should work, but I'm not entirely sure how to make it work.
> -Daniel
> 

One idea that comes to mind is to change the outcome of
drm_dev_needs_global_mutex while we're in the ioctl, but that requires
more locking which sounds like a bad idea.

Another idea, which is quite messy, but just for thoughts, uses the idea
of pushing the master_rwsem read lock down:

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c
index 7f523e1c5650..5d05e744b728 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c
@@ -712,7 +712,7 @@ static const struct drm_ioctl_desc drm_ioctls[] = {
  		      DRM_RENDER_ALLOW),
  	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_CRTC_GET_SEQUENCE, drm_crtc_get_sequence_ioctl, 0),
  	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_CRTC_QUEUE_SEQUENCE, drm_crtc_queue_sequence_ioctl, 0),
-	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_MODE_CREATE_LEASE, drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl, DRM_MASTER),
+	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_MODE_CREATE_LEASE, drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl, 0),
  	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_MODE_LIST_LESSEES, drm_mode_list_lessees_ioctl, DRM_MASTER),
  	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_MODE_GET_LEASE, drm_mode_get_lease_ioctl, DRM_MASTER),
  	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_MODE_REVOKE_LEASE, drm_mode_revoke_lease_ioctl, DRM_MASTER),
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c
index 983701198ffd..a25bc69522b4 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c
@@ -500,6 +500,19 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
  		return -EINVAL;
  	}
  
+	/* Clone the lessor file to create a new file for us */
+	DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("Allocating lease file\n");
+	lessee_file = file_clone_open(lessor_file);
+	if (IS_ERR(lessee_file))
+		return PTR_ERR(lessee_file);
+
+	down_read(&dev->master_rwsem);
+
+	if (!drm_is_current_master(lessor_priv)) {
+		ret = -EACCES;
+		goto out_file;
+	}
+
  	lessor = drm_file_get_master(lessor_priv);
  	/* Do not allow sub-leases */
  	if (lessor->lessor) {
@@ -547,14 +560,6 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
  		goto out_leases;
  	}
  
-	/* Clone the lessor file to create a new file for us */
-	DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("Allocating lease file\n");
-	lessee_file = file_clone_open(lessor_file);
-	if (IS_ERR(lessee_file)) {
-		ret = PTR_ERR(lessee_file);
-		goto out_lessee;
-	}
-
  	lessee_priv = lessee_file->private_data;
  	/* Change the file to a master one */
  	drm_master_put(&lessee_priv->master);
@@ -571,17 +576,19 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
  	fd_install(fd, lessee_file);
  
  	drm_master_put(&lessor);
+	up_read(&dev->master_rwsem);
  	DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl succeeded\n");
  	return 0;
  
-out_lessee:
-	drm_master_put(&lessee);
-
  out_leases:
  	put_unused_fd(fd);
  
  out_lessor:
  	drm_master_put(&lessor);
+
+out_file:
+	up_read(&dev->master_rwsem);
+	fput(lessee_file);
  	DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl failed: %d\n", ret);
  	return ret;
  }


Something like this would also address the other deadlock we'd hit in
drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl():

   drm_ioctl_kernel():
     down_read(&master_rwsem);               <--- down_read()
     drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl():
       drm_lease_create():
         file_clone_open():
           ...
           drm_open():
             drm_open_helper():
               drm_master_open():
                 down_write(&master_rwsem);  <--- down_write()

Overall, I think the suggestion to push master_rwsem write locks down
into ioctls would solve the nesting problem for those ioctls.

Although I'm still a little concerned that, just like here, there might
be deeply embedded nested locking, so locking becomes prone to breaking.
It does smell a bit to me.

>> Signed-off-by: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <desmondcheongzx@gmail.com>
>> ---
>>   drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c | 18 +++++++++---------
>>   1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c
>> index 880fc565d599..2cb57378a787 100644
>> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c
>> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c
>> @@ -779,19 +779,19 @@ long drm_ioctl_kernel(struct file *file, drm_ioctl_t *func, void *kdata,
>>   	if (drm_dev_is_unplugged(dev))
>>   		return -ENODEV;
>>   
>> +	/* Enforce sane locking for modern driver ioctls. */
>> +	if (unlikely(drm_dev_needs_global_mutex(dev)) && !(flags & DRM_UNLOCKED))
>> +		mutex_lock(&drm_global_mutex);
>> +
>>   	retcode = drm_ioctl_permit(flags, file_priv);
>>   	if (unlikely(retcode))
>> -		return retcode;
>> +		goto out;
>>   
>> -	/* Enforce sane locking for modern driver ioctls. */
>> -	if (likely(!drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_LEGACY)) ||
>> -	    (flags & DRM_UNLOCKED))
>> -		retcode = func(dev, kdata, file_priv);
>> -	else {
>> -		mutex_lock(&drm_global_mutex);
>> -		retcode = func(dev, kdata, file_priv);
>> +	retcode = func(dev, kdata, file_priv);
>> +
>> +out:
>> +	if (unlikely(drm_dev_needs_global_mutex(dev)) && !(flags & DRM_UNLOCKED))
>>   		mutex_unlock(&drm_global_mutex);
>> -	}
>>   	return retcode;
>>   }
>>   EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_ioctl_kernel);
>> -- 
>> 2.25.1
>>
> 


  reply	other threads:[~2021-08-19 10:53 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 24+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-18  7:38 [PATCH v3 0/9] drm, kernel: update locking for DRM Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18  7:38 ` [PATCH v3 1/9] drm: move master_lookup_lock into drm_device Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18  7:38 ` [PATCH v3 2/9] drm: hold master_lookup_lock when releasing a drm_file's master Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18 10:05   ` Daniel Vetter
2021-08-18 14:50     ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18  7:38 ` [PATCH v3 3/9] drm: check for null master in drm_is_current_master_locked Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18 10:04   ` Daniel Vetter
2021-08-18  7:38 ` [PATCH v3 4/9] drm: fix potential null ptr dereferences in drm_{auth,ioctl} Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18 10:11   ` Daniel Vetter
2021-08-18 15:37     ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18 16:33       ` [Intel-gfx] [PATCH v3 4/9] drm: fix potential null ptr dereferences in drm_{auth, ioctl} Daniel Vetter
2021-08-19  5:31         ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18  7:38 ` [PATCH v3 5/9] drm: protect magic_map,unique{_len} with master_lookup_lock Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18 10:43   ` Daniel Vetter
2021-08-18  7:38 ` [PATCH v3 6/9] drm: convert drm_device.master_mutex into a rwsem Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18  7:38 ` [PATCH v3 7/9] drm: update global mutex lock in the ioctl handler Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18 11:02   ` Daniel Vetter
2021-08-19 10:52     ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi [this message]
2021-08-19 11:21       ` [Intel-gfx] " Daniel Vetter
2021-08-18  7:38 ` [PATCH v3 8/9] kernel: export task_work_add Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18 11:06   ` Daniel Vetter
2021-08-19  9:26   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-08-19  9:40     ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-18  7:38 ` [PATCH v3 9/9] drm: avoid races with modesetting rights Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi

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