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From: Dmitriy Monakhov <dmonakhov@sw.ru>
To: Eric Sandeen <sandeen@redhat.com>
Cc: Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	ext4 development <linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] [RFC] remove ext3 inode from orphan list when link and unlink race
Date: Sun, 14 Jan 2007 14:58:08 +0300	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <878xg5q0q7.fsf@sw.ru> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <45A7F384.3050303@redhat.com> (Eric Sandeen's message of "Fri, 12 Jan 2007 14:45:56 -0600")

Eric Sandeen <sandeen@redhat.com> writes:

> I've been looking at a case where many threads are opening, unlinking, and
> hardlinking files on ext3 .
How many concurent threads do you use and how long does it takes to trigger 
this race? I've tried to reproduce this with two threads, but not succeed.
<thread 1>  
        fd = create("src")
        close(fd)
        unlink("src")
<thread 2>
        link("src", "dst")
        unlink("dst")

Original testcase will be the best answer :).
Thanks.
>  At unmount time I see an oops, because the superblock's
> orphan list points to a freed inode.
>
> I did some tracing of the inodes, and it looks like this:
>
>   ext3_unlink():[/src/linux-2.6.18/fs/ext3/namei.c:2123] adding orphan
>       i_state:0x7 cpu:1 i_count:2 i_nlink:0
>
>   ext3_orphan_add():[/src/linux-2.6.18/fs/ext3/namei.c:1890] ext3_orphan_add
>       i_state:0x7 cpu:1 i_count:2 i_nlink:0
>
>   iput():[/src/linux-2.6.18/fs/inode.c:1139] iput enter
>       i_state:0x7 cpu:1 i_count:2 i_nlink:0
>
>   ext3_link():[/src/linux-2.6.18/fs/ext3/namei.c:2202] ext3_link enter
>       i_state:0x7 cpu:3 i_count:1 i_nlink:0
>
>   ext3_inc_count():[/src/linux-2.6.18/fs/ext3/namei.c:1627] done
>       i_state:0x7 cpu:3 i_count:1 i_nlink:1
>
> The unlink gets there first, finds i_count > 0 (in use) but nlink goes to 0, so
> it puts it on the orphan inode list.  Then link comes along, and bumps the link
> back up to 1.  So now we are on the orphan inode list, but we are not unlinked.
>
> Eventually when count goes to 0, and we still have 1 link, again no action is
> taken to remove the inode from the orphan list, because it is still linked (i.e.
> we don't go through ext3_delete())
>
> When this inode is eventually freed, the sb orphan list gets corrupted, because 
> we have freed it without first removing it from the orphan list.
>
> I think the simple solution is to remove the inode from the orphan list
> when we bump the link back up from 0 to 1.  I put that test in there because
> there are other potential reasons that we might be on the list (truncates,
> direct IO).
>
> Comments?
>
> Thanks,
> -Eric
>
> p.s. ext3_inc_count and ext3_dec_count seem misnamed, have an unused
> arg, and are very infrequently called.  I'll probably submit a patch
> to just put the single line of code into the caller, too.
>
> ---
>
> Remove inode from the orphan list in ext3_link() if we might have
> raced with ext3_unlink(), which potentially put it on the list.
> If we're on the list with nlink > 0, we'll never get cleaned up
> properly and eventually may corrupt the list.
>
> Signed-off-by: Eric Sandeen <sandeen@redhat.com>
>
> Index: linux-2.6.19/fs/ext3/namei.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.19.orig/fs/ext3/namei.c
> +++ linux-2.6.19/fs/ext3/namei.c
> @@ -2204,6 +2204,9 @@ retry:
>  	inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
>  	ext3_inc_count(handle, inode);
>  	atomic_inc(&inode->i_count);
> +	/* did we race w/ unlink? */
> +	if (inode->i_nlink == 1)
> +		ext3_orphan_del(handle, inode);
>  
>  	err = ext3_add_nondir(handle, dentry, inode);
>  	ext3_journal_stop(handle);
>
>
> -
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  parent reply	other threads:[~2007-01-14 11:57 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 13+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2007-01-12 20:45 Eric Sandeen
2007-01-12 21:02 ` Alex Tomas
2007-01-12 21:14   ` Eric Sandeen
2007-01-12 21:25     ` Alex Tomas
2007-01-12 21:48       ` Eric Sandeen
2007-01-12 21:55         ` Alex Tomas
2007-01-12 22:01           ` Eric Sandeen
2007-01-12 22:07             ` Alex Tomas
2007-01-12 22:35         ` Eric Sandeen
2007-01-12 21:17   ` Alex Tomas
2007-01-12 21:24   ` Dave Kleikamp
2007-01-14 11:58 ` Dmitriy Monakhov [this message]
2007-01-14 15:42   ` Eric Sandeen

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