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From: ebiederm@xmission.com (Eric W. Biederman)
To: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
Cc: davem@davemloft.net,  netdev@vger.kernel.org,
	 linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,  avagin@virtuozzo.com,
	 ktkhai@virtuozzo.com,  serge@hallyn.com,
	 gregkh@linuxfoundation.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next 1/2 v2] netns: restrict uevents
Date: Tue, 24 Apr 2018 16:54:41 -0500	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <87d0yo46e6.fsf@xmission.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20180424204335.12904-2-christian.brauner@ubuntu.com> (Christian Brauner's message of "Tue, 24 Apr 2018 22:43:34 +0200")


We already do this in practice in userspace.  It doesn't make much
sense to perform this delivery.  So we might as well make this optimization.

Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com> writes:
> commit 07e98962fa77 ("kobject: Send hotplug events in all network namespaces")
>
> enabled sending hotplug events into all network namespaces back in 2010.
> Over time the set of uevents that get sent into all network namespaces has
> shrunk a little. We have now reached the point where hotplug events for all
> devices that carry a namespace tag are filtered according to that
> namespace. Specifically, they are filtered whenever the namespace tag of
> the kobject does not match the namespace tag of the netlink socket. One
> example are network devices. Uevents for network devices only show up in
> the network namespaces these devices are moved to or created in.
>
> However, any uevent for a kobject that does not have a namespace tag
> associated with it will not be filtered and we will broadcast it into all
> network namespaces. This behavior stopped making sense when user namespaces
> were introduced.
>
> This patch restricts uevents to the initial user namespace for a couple of
> reasons that have been extensively discusses on the mailing list [1].
> - Thundering herd:
>   Broadcasting uevents into all network namespaces introduces significant
>   overhead.
>   All processes that listen to uevents running in non-initial user
>   namespaces will end up responding to uevents that will be meaningless to
>   them. Mainly, because non-initial user namespaces cannot easily manage
>   devices unless they have a privileged host-process helping them out. This
>   means that there will be a thundering herd of activity when there
>   shouldn't be any.
> - Uevents from non-root users are already filtered in userspace:
>   Uevents are filtered by userspace in a user namespace because the
>   received uid != 0. Instead the uid associated with the event will be
>   65534 == "nobody" because the global root uid is not mapped.
>   This means we can safely and without introducing regressions modify the
>   kernel to not send uevents into all network namespaces whose owning user
>   namespace is not the initial user namespace because we know that
>   userspace will ignore the message because of the uid anyway. I have
>   a) verified that is is true for every udev implementation out there b)
>   that this behavior has been present in all udev implementations from the
>   very beginning.
> - Removing needless overhead/Increasing performance:
>   Currently, the uevent socket for each network namespace is added to the
>   global variable uevent_sock_list. The list itself needs to be protected
>   by a mutex. So everytime a uevent is generated the mutex is taken on the
>   list. The mutex is held *from the creation of the uevent (memory
>   allocation, string creation etc. until all uevent sockets have been
>   handled*. This is aggravated by the fact that for each uevent socket that
>   has listeners the mc_list must be walked as well which means we're
>   talking O(n^2) here. Given that a standard Linux workload usually has
>   quite a lot of network namespaces and - in the face of containers - a lot
>   of user namespaces this quickly becomes a performance problem (see
>   "Thundering herd" above). By just recording uevent sockets of network
>   namespaces that are owned by the initial user namespace we significantly
>   increase performance in this codepath.
> - Injecting uevents:
>   There's a valid argument that containers might be interested in receiving
>   device events especially if they are delegated to them by a privileged
>   userspace process. One prime example are SR-IOV enabled devices that are
>   explicitly designed to be handed of to other users such as VMs or
>   containers.
>   This use-case can now be correctly handled since
>   commit 692ec06d7c92 ("netns: send uevent messages"). This commit
>   introduced the ability to send uevents from userspace. As such we can let
>   a sufficiently privileged (CAP_SYS_ADMIN in the owning user namespace of
>   the network namespace of the netlink socket) userspace process make a
>   decision what uevents should be sent. This removes the need to blindly
>   broadcast uevents into all user namespaces and provides a performant and
>   safe solution to this problem.
> - Filtering logic:
>   This patch filters by *owning user namespace of the network namespace a
>   given task resides in* and not by user namespace of the task per se. This
>   means if the user namespace of a given task is unshared but the network
>   namespace is kept and is owned by the initial user namespace a listener
>   that is opening the uevent socket in that network namespace can still
>   listen to uevents.
>
> [1]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/4/4/739
> Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
Acked-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>

> ---
> Changelog v1->v2:
> * patch unchanged
> Changelog v0->v1:
> * patch unchanged
> ---
>  lib/kobject_uevent.c | 18 ++++++++++++------
>  1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/lib/kobject_uevent.c b/lib/kobject_uevent.c
> index 15ea216a67ce..f5f5038787ac 100644
> --- a/lib/kobject_uevent.c
> +++ b/lib/kobject_uevent.c
> @@ -703,9 +703,13 @@ static int uevent_net_init(struct net *net)
>  
>  	net->uevent_sock = ue_sk;
>  
> -	mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
> -	list_add_tail(&ue_sk->list, &uevent_sock_list);
> -	mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
> +	/* Restrict uevents to initial user namespace. */
> +	if (sock_net(ue_sk->sk)->user_ns == &init_user_ns) {
> +		mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
> +		list_add_tail(&ue_sk->list, &uevent_sock_list);
> +		mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
> +	}
> +
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> @@ -713,9 +717,11 @@ static void uevent_net_exit(struct net *net)
>  {
>  	struct uevent_sock *ue_sk = net->uevent_sock;
>  
> -	mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
> -	list_del(&ue_sk->list);
> -	mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
> +	if (sock_net(ue_sk->sk)->user_ns == &init_user_ns) {
> +		mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
> +		list_del(&ue_sk->list);
> +		mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
> +	}
>  
>  	netlink_kernel_release(ue_sk->sk);
>  	kfree(ue_sk);

  reply	other threads:[~2018-04-24 21:54 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-04-24 20:43 [PATCH net-next 0/2 v2] netns: uevent performance tweaks Christian Brauner
2018-04-24 20:43 ` [PATCH net-next 1/2 v2] netns: restrict uevents Christian Brauner
2018-04-24 21:54   ` Eric W. Biederman [this message]
2018-04-24 22:40   ` Eric W. Biederman
2018-04-24 22:47     ` Christian Brauner
2018-04-24 23:00       ` Eric W. Biederman
2018-04-26 16:13         ` Christian Brauner
2018-04-26 16:47           ` Eric W. Biederman
2018-04-26 17:03             ` Christian Brauner
2018-04-26 17:10               ` Eric W. Biederman
2018-04-26 21:27                 ` Christian Brauner
2018-04-27  0:35                   ` Eric W. Biederman
2018-04-27  8:41                     ` Christian Brauner
2018-04-24 22:54     ` Christian Brauner
2018-04-24 20:43 ` [PATCH net-next 2/2 v2] netns: isolate seqnums to use per-netns locks Christian Brauner
2018-04-24 21:52   ` Eric W. Biederman
2018-04-24 22:20     ` Christian Brauner
2018-04-24 22:52       ` Eric W. Biederman

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