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From: Jani Nikula <jani.nikula@linux.intel.com>
To: tcamuso <tcamuso@redhat.com>,
	dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: airlied@linux.ie, dkwon@redhat.com, tcamuso@redhat.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH] drm: assure aux_dev is nonzero before using it
Date: Fri, 24 May 2019 11:36:14 +0300	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <87v9y0mept.fsf@intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190523110905.22445-1-tcamuso@redhat.com>

On Thu, 23 May 2019, tcamuso <tcamuso@redhat.com> wrote:
> From Daniel Kwon <dkwon@redhat.com>
>
> The system was crashed due to invalid memory access while trying to access
> auxiliary device.
>
> crash> bt
> PID: 9863   TASK: ffff89d1bdf11040  CPU: 1   COMMAND: "ipmitool"
>  #0 [ffff89cedd7f3868] machine_kexec at ffffffffb0663674
>  #1 [ffff89cedd7f38c8] __crash_kexec at ffffffffb071cf62
>  #2 [ffff89cedd7f3998] crash_kexec at ffffffffb071d050
>  #3 [ffff89cedd7f39b0] oops_end at ffffffffb0d6d758
>  #4 [ffff89cedd7f39d8] no_context at ffffffffb0d5bcde
>  #5 [ffff89cedd7f3a28] __bad_area_nosemaphore at ffffffffb0d5bd75
>  #6 [ffff89cedd7f3a78] bad_area at ffffffffb0d5c085
>  #7 [ffff89cedd7f3aa0] __do_page_fault at ffffffffb0d7080c
>  #8 [ffff89cedd7f3b10] do_page_fault at ffffffffb0d70905
>  #9 [ffff89cedd7f3b40] page_fault at ffffffffb0d6c758
>     [exception RIP: drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x3d]
>     RIP: ffffffffc0a589bd  RSP: ffff89cedd7f3bf0  RFLAGS: 00010246
>     RAX: 0000000000000000  RBX: 0000000000000000  RCX: ffff89cedd7f3fd8
>     RDX: 0000000000000000  RSI: 0000000000000000  RDI: ffffffffc0a613e0
>     RBP: ffff89cedd7f3bf8   R8: ffff89f1bcbabbd0   R9: 0000000000000000
>     R10: ffff89f1be7a1cc0  R11: 0000000000000000  R12: 0000000000000000
>     R13: ffff89f1b32a2830  R14: ffff89d18fadfa00  R15: 0000000000000000
>     ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffffff  CS: 0010  SS: 0018
>     RIP: 00002b45f0d80d30  RSP: 00007ffc416066a0  RFLAGS: 00010246
>     RAX: 0000000000000002  RBX: 000056062e212d80  RCX: 00007ffc41606810
>     RDX: 0000000000000000  RSI: 0000000000000002  RDI: 00007ffc41606ec0
>     RBP: 0000000000000000   R8: 000056062dfed229   R9: 00002b45f0cdf14d
>     R10: 0000000000000002  R11: 0000000000000246  R12: 00007ffc41606ec0
>     R13: 00007ffc41606ed0  R14: 00007ffc41606ee0  R15: 0000000000000000
>     ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000002  CS: 0033  SS: 002b
>
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> It was trying to open '/dev/ipmi0', but as no entry in aux_dir, it returned
> NULL from 'idr_find()'. This drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor() should have done a
> check on this, but had failed to do it.

I think the better question is, *why* does the idr_find() return NULL? I
don't think it should, under any circumstances. I fear adding the check
here papers over some other problem, taking us further away from the
root cause.

Also, can you reproduce this on a recent upstream kernel? The aux device
nodes were introduced in kernel v4.6. Whatever you reproduced on v3.10
is pretty much irrelevant for upstream.


BR,
Jani.




>
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> /usr/src/debug/kernel-3.10.0-957.12.1.el7/linux-3.10.0-957.12.1.el7.x86_64/include/linux/idr.h: 114
>      114 	struct idr_layer *hint = rcu_dereference_raw(idr->hint);
> 0xffffffffc0a58998 <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x18>:	mov    0x8a41(%rip),%rax        # 0xffffffffc0a613e0 <aux_idr>
> /usr/src/debug/kernel-3.10.0-957.12.1.el7/linux-3.10.0-957.12.1.el7.x86_64/include/linux/idr.h: 116
>      116 	if (hint && (id & ~IDR_MASK) == hint->prefix)
>      117 		return rcu_dereference_raw(hint->ary[id & IDR_MASK]);
> 0xffffffffc0a5899f <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x1f>:	test   %rax,%rax
> 0xffffffffc0a589a2 <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x22>:	je     0xffffffffc0a589ac <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x2c>
> 0xffffffffc0a589a4 <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x24>:	mov    %ebx,%edx
> 0xffffffffc0a589a6 <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x26>:	xor    %dl,%dl
> 0xffffffffc0a589a8 <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x28>:	cmp    (%rax),%edx
> 0xffffffffc0a589aa <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x2a>:	je     0xffffffffc0a589f0 <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x70>
> /usr/src/debug/kernel-3.10.0-957.12.1.el7/linux-3.10.0-957.12.1.el7.x86_64/include/linux/idr.h: 119
>      119 	return idr_find_slowpath(idr, id);
> 0xffffffffc0a589ac <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x2c>:	mov    %ebx,%esi
> 0xffffffffc0a589ae <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x2e>:	mov    $0xffffffffc0a613e0,%rdi
> 0xffffffffc0a589b5 <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x35>:	callq  0xffffffffb09771b0 <idr_find_slowpath>
> 0xffffffffc0a589ba <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x3a>:	mov    %rax,%rbx
> /usr/src/debug/kernel-3.10.0-957.12.1.el7/linux-3.10.0-957.12.1.el7.x86_64/arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h: 25
>       25 	return ACCESS_ONCE((v)->counter);
> 0xffffffffc0a589bd <drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor+0x3d>:	mov    0x18(%rbx),%edx
>
> crash> struct file.f_path 0xffff89d18fadfa00
>   f_path = {
>     mnt = 0xffff89f23feaa620,
>     dentry = 0xffff89f1be7a1cc0
>   }
> crash> files -d 0xffff89f1be7a1cc0
>      DENTRY           INODE           SUPERBLK     TYPE PATH
> ffff89f1be7a1cc0 ffff89f1b32a2830 ffff89d293aa8800 CHR  /dev/ipmi0
>
> crash> struct inode.i_rdev ffff89f1b32a2830
>   i_rdev = 0xf200000
> crash> eval (0xfffff & 0xf200000)
> hexadecimal: 0
>     decimal: 0
>       octal: 0
>      binary: 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> As the index value was 0 and aux_idr had value 0 for all, it can have value
> NULL from idr_find() function, but the below function doesn't check and just
> tries to use it.
>
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> crash> aux_idr
> aux_idr = $8 = {
>   hint = 0x0,
>   top = 0x0,
>   id_free = 0x0,
>   layers = 0x0,
>   id_free_cnt = 0x0,
>   cur = 0x0,
>   lock = {
>     {
>       rlock = {
>         raw_lock = {
>           val = {
>             counter = 0x0
>           }
>         }
>       }
>     }
>   }
> }
>
> crash> edis -f drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor
> /usr/src/debug/kernel-3.10.0-957.12.1.el7/linux-3.10.0-957.12.1.el7.x86_64/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_dp_aux_dev.c: 57
>
>       56 static struct drm_dp_aux_dev *drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor(unsigned index)
>       57 {
>       58 	struct drm_dp_aux_dev *aux_dev = NULL;
>       59
>       60 	mutex_lock(&aux_idr_mutex);
>       61 	aux_dev = idr_find(&aux_idr, index);
>       62 	if (!kref_get_unless_zero(&aux_dev->refcount))
>       63 		aux_dev = NULL;
>       64 	mutex_unlock(&aux_idr_mutex);
>       65
>       66 	return aux_dev;
>       67 }
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> To avoid this kinds of situation, we should make a safeguard for the returned
> value. Changing the line 62 with the below would do.
>
>       62 	if (aux_dev && !kref_get_unless_zero(&aux_dev->refcount))
>                     ^^^^^^^^^^
> From Tony Camuso <tcamuso@redhat.com>
> I built a patched kernel for several architectures.
> Booted the kernel, and ran the following for 100 iterations.
>    rmmod ipmi kmods to remove /dev/ipmi0.
>    Invoked ipmitool
>    insmod ipmi kmods
> Did not see any crashes or call traces.
>
> Suggested-by: Daniel Kwon <dkwon@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Tony Camuso <tcamuso@redhat.com>
> ---
>  drivers/gpu/drm/drm_dp_aux_dev.c | 2 +-
>  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_dp_aux_dev.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_dp_aux_dev.c
> index 0e4f25d63fd2d..0b11210c882ee 100644
> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_dp_aux_dev.c
> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_dp_aux_dev.c
> @@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ static struct drm_dp_aux_dev *drm_dp_aux_dev_get_by_minor(unsigned index)
>  
>  	mutex_lock(&aux_idr_mutex);
>  	aux_dev = idr_find(&aux_idr, index);
> -	if (!kref_get_unless_zero(&aux_dev->refcount))
> +	if (aux_dev && !kref_get_unless_zero(&aux_dev->refcount))
>  		aux_dev = NULL;
>  	mutex_unlock(&aux_idr_mutex);

-- 
Jani Nikula, Intel Open Source Graphics Center

  reply	other threads:[~2019-05-24  8:36 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-05-23 11:09 tcamuso
2019-05-24  8:36 ` Jani Nikula [this message]
2019-05-24 10:48   ` tony camuso
2019-05-24 11:58     ` Ville Syrjälä
2019-07-10 13:47   ` Tony Camuso
2019-07-10 13:56     ` Ville Syrjälä
2019-07-12 16:07       ` Tony Camuso
2019-07-12 17:06         ` Ville Syrjälä
2019-07-12 17:35           ` Tony Camuso
2019-09-23 15:03           ` Tony Camuso
2019-09-23 15:22             ` Ville Syrjälä
2020-08-10 17:11 Zwane Mwaikambo
2020-08-11  8:58 ` Daniel Vetter
2020-08-11 22:16   ` Zwane Mwaikambo
2020-08-12 14:10     ` Daniel Vetter
2020-08-12 15:44       ` Lyude Paul
2020-08-12 20:21         ` Zwane Mwaikambo
2020-08-18 17:58         ` Zwane Mwaikambo
2020-09-08 18:41           ` Lyude Paul

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