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* xen: Make hvc0 the preferred console in domU
@ 2008-02-27 13:56 Markus Armbruster
  2008-03-31  6:36 ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2008-02-27 13:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel; +Cc: virtualization, Jeremy Fitzhardinge, mingo

This makes the Xen console just work.  Before, you had to ask for it
on the kernel command line with console=hvc0

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>

---
diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
index 49e5358..df63185 100644
--- a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
 #include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <linux/page-flags.h>
 #include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <linux/console.h>
 
 #include <xen/interface/xen.h>
 #include <xen/interface/physdev.h>
@@ -1209,6 +1210,9 @@ asmlinkage void __init xen_start_kernel(void)
 		? __pa(xen_start_info->mod_start) : 0;
 	boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_size = xen_start_info->mod_len;
 
+	if (!is_initial_xendomain())
+		add_preferred_console("hvc", 0, NULL);
+
 	/* Start the world */
 	start_kernel();
 }

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: xen: Make hvc0 the preferred console in domU
  2008-02-27 13:56 xen: Make hvc0 the preferred console in domU Markus Armbruster
@ 2008-03-31  6:36 ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
  2008-03-31  8:27   ` Markus Armbruster
  2008-04-02 14:56   ` Markus Armbruster
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Jeremy Fitzhardinge @ 2008-03-31  6:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Markus Armbruster; +Cc: linux-kernel, virtualization, mingo

Markus Armbruster wrote:
> This makes the Xen console just work.  Before, you had to ask for it
> on the kernel command line with console=hvc0
>   

I see that this has been causing issues when people expect the pvfb 
driver to be the console.  Should we make it a config option, which 
depends on !XENFB?

    J

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: xen: Make hvc0 the preferred console in domU
  2008-03-31  6:36 ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
@ 2008-03-31  8:27   ` Markus Armbruster
  2008-04-02 14:56   ` Markus Armbruster
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2008-03-31  8:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeremy Fitzhardinge; +Cc: linux-kernel, virtualization, mingo

Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> writes:

> Markus Armbruster wrote:
>> This makes the Xen console just work.  Before, you had to ask for it
>> on the kernel command line with console=hvc0
>>   
>
> I see that this has been causing issues when people expect the pvfb
> driver to be the console.  Should we make it a config option, which
> depends on !XENFB?
>
>    J

That's not quite right, I fear: you still lose if you have it compiled
into the guest, but switched off in your domain configuration.

I'm working on a better solution.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: xen: Make hvc0 the preferred console in domU
  2008-03-31  6:36 ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
  2008-03-31  8:27   ` Markus Armbruster
@ 2008-04-02 14:56   ` Markus Armbruster
  2008-04-02 16:21     ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2008-04-02 14:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeremy Fitzhardinge; +Cc: linux-kernel, virtualization, mingo

Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> writes:

> Markus Armbruster wrote:
>> This makes the Xen console just work.  Before, you had to ask for it
>> on the kernel command line with console=hvc0
>>   
>
> I see that this has been causing issues when people expect the pvfb
> driver to be the console.  Should we make it a config option, which
> depends on !XENFB?
>
>    J

This turns out to a thornier problem than one might think.

Consoles tty, hvc and ttyS register in this order.

Unless the kernel command line dictates otherwise, the first one to
register becomes the preferred console (the one behind /dev/console).
This is tty.  Except we patched things so that hvc wins over tty in
domU.  That's what we want there; tty is the dummy console there.

Enter PV framebuffer.  It turns tty into a useful console, which we
want to use.  But the PVFB is created only if it's enabled for this
domain, and we learn that from xenstore.

Problem: when tty registers, we can't yet know whether the PVFB is
enabled.  By the time we can know, the console setup game is over.

The non-pvops PVFB has the same problem.  Jeremy Katz solved it there
with a fairly gross hack: right after the Xen console is up, at the
end of xencons_init(), we forcefully make the Xen console the
preferred console if the PVFB is disabled:

        /* Check about framebuffer messing up the console */
        if (!is_initial_xendomain() &&
	    !xenbus_exists(XBT_NIL, "device", "vfb")) {
		/* FIXME: this is ugly */
		unregister_console(&kcons_info);
		kcons_info.flags |= CON_CONSDEV;
		register_console(&kcons_info);
	}

Aside: we tried to get that into linux-2.6.18-xen.hg a couple of times
before we gave up.  If you use that tree unmodified, you simply get no
working console when you diable the PVFB.

I append the straight pvops port of this hack.

Instead of putting hvc_force_consdev() into hvc_console.c, we could
also have a force_console() in kernel/printk.c, like this:

void
force_console(char *name, int index)
{
	struct console *c, *cc;

	acquire_console_sem();
	for (c = console_drivers; c->next; c = c->next) {
		cc = c->next;
		if (!strcmp(cc->name, name) && cc->index == index) {
			c->next = c->next->next;
			cc->next = console_drivers;
			console_drivers->flags &= ~CON_CONSDEV;
			console_drivers = cc;
			cc->flags |= CON_CONSDEV;
			break;
		}
	}
	release_console_sem();
}

If one of these two hacks is acceptable, I'll prepare a proper patch.
If not, I'd appreciate advice on how to solve this better.

Markus



diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
index a94605e..54e7b46 100644
--- a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
@@ -1211,8 +1211,10 @@ asmlinkage void __init xen_start_kernel(void)
 		? __pa(xen_start_info->mod_start) : 0;
 	boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_size = xen_start_info->mod_len;
 
-	if (!is_initial_xendomain())
+	if (!is_initial_xendomain()) {
 		add_preferred_console("hvc", 0, NULL);
+		add_preferred_console("tty", 0, NULL);
+	}
 
 	/* Start the world */
 	start_kernel();
diff --git a/drivers/char/hvc_console.c b/drivers/char/hvc_console.c
index 44160d5..11904ad 100644
--- a/drivers/char/hvc_console.c
+++ b/drivers/char/hvc_console.c
@@ -299,6 +299,13 @@ int hvc_instantiate(uint32_t vtermno, int index, struct hv_ops *ops)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+void hvc_force_consdev(void)
+{
+	unregister_console(&hvc_con_driver);
+	hvc_con_driver.flags |= CON_ENABLED | CON_CONSDEV;
+	register_console(&hvc_con_driver);
+}
+
 /* Wake the sleeping khvcd */
 static void hvc_kick(void)
 {
diff --git a/drivers/char/hvc_console.h b/drivers/char/hvc_console.h
index 8c59818..ee98bb0 100644
--- a/drivers/char/hvc_console.h
+++ b/drivers/char/hvc_console.h
@@ -54,6 +54,9 @@ struct hvc_struct;
 /* Register a vterm and a slot index for use as a console (console_init) */
 extern int hvc_instantiate(uint32_t vtermno, int index, struct hv_ops *ops);
 
+/* Forcefully make hvc the preferred console driver (hack) */
+extern void hvc_force_consdev(void);
+
 /* register a vterm for hvc tty operation (module_init or hotplug add) */
 extern struct hvc_struct * __devinit hvc_alloc(uint32_t vtermno, int irq,
 				struct hv_ops *ops, int outbuf_size);
diff --git a/drivers/char/hvc_xen.c b/drivers/char/hvc_xen.c
index dd68f85..7ccbec2 100644
--- a/drivers/char/hvc_xen.c
+++ b/drivers/char/hvc_xen.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
 #include <xen/events.h>
 #include <xen/interface/io/console.h>
 #include <xen/hvc-console.h>
+#include <xen/xenbus.h>
 
 #include "hvc_console.h"
 
@@ -104,6 +105,14 @@ static int __init xen_init(void)
 	if (!is_running_on_xen())
 		return 0;
 
+	printk(KERN_DEBUG "hvc xen_init()\n");
+        /* Check about framebuffer messing up the console */
+        if (!is_initial_xendomain() &&
+	    !xenbus_exists(XBT_NIL, "device", "vfb")) {
+		/* disgusting kludge */
+		hvc_force_consdev();
+	}
+
 	xencons_irq = bind_evtchn_to_irq(xen_start_info->console.domU.evtchn);
 	if (xencons_irq < 0)
 		xencons_irq = 0 /* NO_IRQ */;

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: xen: Make hvc0 the preferred console in domU
  2008-04-02 14:56   ` Markus Armbruster
@ 2008-04-02 16:21     ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
  2008-04-02 17:01       ` Markus Armbruster
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Jeremy Fitzhardinge @ 2008-04-02 16:21 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Markus Armbruster; +Cc: linux-kernel, virtualization, mingo

Markus Armbruster wrote:
> This turns out to a thornier problem than one might think.
>
> Consoles tty, hvc and ttyS register in this order.
>
> Unless the kernel command line dictates otherwise, the first one to
> register becomes the preferred console (the one behind /dev/console).
> This is tty.  Except we patched things so that hvc wins over tty in
> domU.  That's what we want there; tty is the dummy console there.
>
> Enter PV framebuffer.  It turns tty into a useful console, which we
> want to use.  But the PVFB is created only if it's enabled for this
> domain, and we learn that from xenstore.
>
> Problem: when tty registers, we can't yet know whether the PVFB is
> enabled.  By the time we can know, the console setup game is over.
>   

Why's that?  Is it because xenbus setup is too late?  Could we do an 
earlier query?

> The non-pvops PVFB has the same problem.  Jeremy Katz solved it there
> with a fairly gross hack: right after the Xen console is up, at the
> end of xencons_init(), we forcefully make the Xen console the
> preferred console if the PVFB is disabled:
>
>         /* Check about framebuffer messing up the console */
>         if (!is_initial_xendomain() &&
> 	    !xenbus_exists(XBT_NIL, "device", "vfb")) {
> 		/* FIXME: this is ugly */
> 		unregister_console(&kcons_info);
> 		kcons_info.flags |= CON_CONSDEV;
> 		register_console(&kcons_info);
> 	}
>
> Aside: we tried to get that into linux-2.6.18-xen.hg a couple of times
> before we gave up.  If you use that tree unmodified, you simply get no
> working console when you diable the PVFB.
>
> I append the straight pvops port of this hack.
>
> Instead of putting hvc_force_consdev() into hvc_console.c, we could
> also have a force_console() in kernel/printk.c, like this:
>
> void
> force_console(char *name, int index)
> {
> 	struct console *c, *cc;
>
> 	acquire_console_sem();
> 	for (c = console_drivers; c->next; c = c->next) {
> 		cc = c->next;
> 		if (!strcmp(cc->name, name) && cc->index == index) {
> 			c->next = c->next->next;
> 			cc->next = console_drivers;
> 			console_drivers->flags &= ~CON_CONSDEV;
> 			console_drivers = cc;
> 			cc->flags |= CON_CONSDEV;
> 			break;
> 		}
> 	}
> 	release_console_sem();
> }
>
> If one of these two hacks is acceptable, I'll prepare a proper patch.
> If not, I'd appreciate advice on how to solve this better.
>   

The console system supports multiple concurrent consoles, doesn't it?  
With the limitation that only one of them can be the source of keyboard 
input.  Can we support that, so that even if the user gets the config 
wrong they can still see some output (and we can printk a helpful 
message so they can work out how to get it working).  Ideally we could 
take input from all the consoles too, so there's no reason to 
exclusively choose one over any other...

But aside from that, it doesn't seem like our problem is particularly 
strange.  One can imagine many circumstances in which we come up using 
whatever's currently available as a console, but then a better console 
device appears during device probing.   In other words, this kind of 
console device switching seems like something that the console subsystem 
should support.

But in the meantime, pragmatics should win, and I don't have any strong 
objections to this patch.

    J

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: xen: Make hvc0 the preferred console in domU
  2008-04-02 16:21     ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
@ 2008-04-02 17:01       ` Markus Armbruster
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2008-04-02 17:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeremy Fitzhardinge; +Cc: linux-kernel, virtualization, mingo

Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> writes:

> Markus Armbruster wrote:
>> This turns out to a thornier problem than one might think.
>>
>> Consoles tty, hvc and ttyS register in this order.
>>
>> Unless the kernel command line dictates otherwise, the first one to
>> register becomes the preferred console (the one behind /dev/console).
>> This is tty.  Except we patched things so that hvc wins over tty in
>> domU.  That's what we want there; tty is the dummy console there.
>>
>> Enter PV framebuffer.  It turns tty into a useful console, which we
>> want to use.  But the PVFB is created only if it's enabled for this
>> domain, and we learn that from xenstore.
>>
>> Problem: when tty registers, we can't yet know whether the PVFB is
>> enabled.  By the time we can know, the console setup game is over.
>>   
>
> Why's that?  Is it because xenbus setup is too late?  Could we do an
> earlier query?

Yes, xs_init() runs after consoles register.  I don't know whether
that could be changed.

>> The non-pvops PVFB has the same problem.  Jeremy Katz solved it there
>> with a fairly gross hack: right after the Xen console is up, at the
>> end of xencons_init(), we forcefully make the Xen console the
>> preferred console if the PVFB is disabled:
>>
>>         /* Check about framebuffer messing up the console */
>>         if (!is_initial_xendomain() &&
>> 	    !xenbus_exists(XBT_NIL, "device", "vfb")) {
>> 		/* FIXME: this is ugly */
>> 		unregister_console(&kcons_info);
>> 		kcons_info.flags |= CON_CONSDEV;
>> 		register_console(&kcons_info);
>> 	}
>>
>> Aside: we tried to get that into linux-2.6.18-xen.hg a couple of times
>> before we gave up.  If you use that tree unmodified, you simply get no
>> working console when you diable the PVFB.
>>
>> I append the straight pvops port of this hack.
>>
>> Instead of putting hvc_force_consdev() into hvc_console.c, we could
>> also have a force_console() in kernel/printk.c, like this:
>>
>> void
>> force_console(char *name, int index)
>> {
>> 	struct console *c, *cc;
>>
>> 	acquire_console_sem();
>> 	for (c = console_drivers; c->next; c = c->next) {
>> 		cc = c->next;
>> 		if (!strcmp(cc->name, name) && cc->index == index) {
>> 			c->next = c->next->next;
>> 			cc->next = console_drivers;
>> 			console_drivers->flags &= ~CON_CONSDEV;
>> 			console_drivers = cc;
>> 			cc->flags |= CON_CONSDEV;
>> 			break;
>> 		}
>> 	}
>> 	release_console_sem();
>> }
>>
>> If one of these two hacks is acceptable, I'll prepare a proper patch.
>> If not, I'd appreciate advice on how to solve this better.
>>   
>
> The console system supports multiple concurrent consoles, doesn't it?
> With the limitation that only one of them can be the source of
> keyboard input.  Can we support that, so that even if the user gets
> the config wrong they can still see some output (and we can printk a
> helpful message so they can work out how to get it working).  Ideally
> we could take input from all the consoles too, so there's no reason to
> exclusively choose one over any other...

The kernel routes printk output to all enabled console drivers, but
/dev/console can be connected to only one of them.  That's the
preferred console.

Getting the preferred console right is important for user space.  For
instance, if /dev/console is hvc, anaconda does a text install.  Not
good when the user is looking at a fully functional PVFB, wondering
why the installer doesn't come up.

My hack makes sure that both tty (PVFB if enabled, else dummy) and hvc
are enabled by default.  That's the easy part.  The hackish part makes
sure that the right one ends up as the preferred console.

> But aside from that, it doesn't seem like our problem is particularly
> strange.  One can imagine many circumstances in which we come up using
> whatever's currently available as a console, but then a better console
> device appears during device probing.   In other words, this kind of
> console device switching seems like something that the console
> subsystem should support.

That could be an argument for preferring the force_console() solution
over the hvc_force_consdev() solution.

> But in the meantime, pragmatics should win, and I don't have any
> strong objections to this patch.
>
>    J

Thanks!  I'll try to post a proper patch tomorrow.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2008-04-02 17:02 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2008-02-27 13:56 xen: Make hvc0 the preferred console in domU Markus Armbruster
2008-03-31  6:36 ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
2008-03-31  8:27   ` Markus Armbruster
2008-04-02 14:56   ` Markus Armbruster
2008-04-02 16:21     ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
2008-04-02 17:01       ` Markus Armbruster

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