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* [PATCH v3] f2fs: introduce fragment allocation mode mount option
@ 2021-08-31  5:10 Daeho Jeong
  2021-09-01  6:58 ` [f2fs-dev] " Chao Yu
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Daeho Jeong @ 2021-08-31  5:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-f2fs-devel, kernel-team; +Cc: Daeho Jeong

From: Daeho Jeong <daehojeong@google.com>

Added three options into "mode=" mount option to make it possible for
developers to make the filesystem fragmented or simulate filesystem
fragmentation/after-GC situation itself. The developers use these modes
to understand filesystem fragmentation/after-GC condition well,
and eventually get some insights to handle them better.

"fragment:segment": f2fs allocates a new segment in ramdom position.
		With this, we can simulate the after-GC condition.
"fragment:fixed_block" : We can scatter block allocation with
		"fragment_chunk_size" and "fragment_hole_size" sysfs
		nodes. f2fs will allocate <fragment_chunk_size> blocks
		in a chunk and make a hole in the length of
		<fragment_hole_size> by turns in a newly allocated free
		segment.
"fragment:rand_block" : Working like "fragment:fixed_block" mode, but
		added some randomness to both chunk and hole size. So,
		f2fs will allocate 1..<fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a
		chunk and make a hole in the nodes. f2fs will allocate
		1..<fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make a
		hole in the length of 1..<fragment_hole_size> by turns
		in a newly allocated free segment.

Signed-off-by: Daeho Jeong <daehojeong@google.com>
---
v3: divided "fragment:block" mode and fixed a race condition related to
    making chunks.
v2: changed mode name and added sysfs nodes to control the fragmentation
    pattern.
---
 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++
 Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst      | 20 +++++++++++++++++
 fs/f2fs/f2fs.h                          | 21 ++++++++++++++++--
 fs/f2fs/gc.c                            |  5 ++++-
 fs/f2fs/segment.c                       | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++--
 fs/f2fs/segment.h                       |  1 +
 fs/f2fs/super.c                         | 14 ++++++++++++
 fs/f2fs/sysfs.c                         | 20 +++++++++++++++++
 8 files changed, 129 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs
index f627e705e663..d56ecfd16abf 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs
@@ -512,3 +512,27 @@ Date:		July 2021
 Contact:	"Daeho Jeong" <daehojeong@google.com>
 Description:	You can	control the multiplier value of	bdi device readahead window size
 		between 2 (default) and 256 for POSIX_FADV_SEQUENTIAL advise option.
+
+What:		/sys/fs/f2fs/<disk>/fragment_chunk_size
+Date:		August 2021
+Contact:	"Daeho Jeong" <daehojeong@google.com>
+Description:	With "mode=fragment:fixed_block" and "mode=fragment:rand_block" mount options,
+		we can scatter block allocation. Using this node, in "fragment:fixed_block"
+		mode, f2fs will allocate <fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make
+		a hole in the length of	<fragment_hole_size> by turns in a newly allocated
+		free segment. Plus, in "fragment:rand_block" mode, f2fs will allocate
+		1..<fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make a hole in the length of
+		1..<fragment_hole_size> by turns. This value can be set between 1..512 and
+		the default value is 4.
+
+What:		/sys/fs/f2fs/<disk>/fragment_hole_size
+Date:		August 2021
+Contact:	"Daeho Jeong" <daehojeong@google.com>
+Description:	With "mode=fragment:fixed_block" and "mode=fragment:rand_block" mount options,
+		we can scatter block allocation. Using this node, in "fragment:fixed_block"
+		mode, f2fs will allocate <fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make
+		a hole in the length of	<fragment_hole_size> by turns in a newly allocated
+		free segment. Plus, in "fragment:rand_block" mode, f2fs will allocate
+		1..<fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make a hole in the length of
+		1..<fragment_hole_size> by turns. This value can be set between 1..512 and
+		the default value is 4.
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst
index 09de6ebbbdfa..c58d300d2f41 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst
@@ -201,6 +201,26 @@ fault_type=%d		 Support configuring fault injection type, should be
 mode=%s			 Control block allocation mode which supports "adaptive"
 			 and "lfs". In "lfs" mode, there should be no random
 			 writes towards main area.
+			 "fragment:segment", "fragment:fixed_block" and "fragment:rand_block"
+			 are newly added here. These are developer options for experiments
+			 to make the filesystem fragmented or simulate filesystem
+			 fragmentation/after-GC situation itself. The developers use these
+			 modes to understand filesystem fragmentation/after-GC condition well,
+			 and eventually get some insights to handle them better.
+			 In "fragment:segment", f2fs allocates a new segment in ramdom
+			 position. With this, we can simulate the after-GC condition.
+			 In "fragment:fixed_block" and "fragment:rand_block", we can scatter
+			 block allocation with "fragment_chunk_size" and "fragment_hole_size"
+			 sysfs nodes. In "fragment:fixed_block" mode, f2fs will allocate
+			 <fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make a hole in the length
+			 of <fragment_hole_size> by turns in a newly allocated free segment.
+			 But, in "fragment:rand_block" mode, f2fs adds some randomness to
+			 both chunk and hole size. So, f2fs will allocate
+			 1..<fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make a hole in the
+			 length of 1..<fragment_hole_size> by turns. With these, the newly
+			 allocated blocks will be scattered throughout the whole partition.
+			 Please, use these options for your experiments and we strongly
+			 recommend to re-format the filesystem after using these options.
 io_bits=%u		 Set the bit size of write IO requests. It should be set
 			 with "mode=lfs".
 usrquota		 Enable plain user disk quota accounting.
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
index c24f03e054cb..9f9368405ab1 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
+++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
@@ -1285,8 +1285,11 @@ enum {
 };
 
 enum {
-	FS_MODE_ADAPTIVE,	/* use both lfs/ssr allocation */
-	FS_MODE_LFS,		/* use lfs allocation only */
+	FS_MODE_ADAPTIVE,		/* use both lfs/ssr allocation */
+	FS_MODE_LFS,			/* use lfs allocation only */
+	FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG,		/* segment fragmentation mode */
+	FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_FIXED_BLK,	/* fixed block fragmentation mode */
+	FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_RAND_BLK,	/* randomized block fragmentation mode */
 };
 
 enum {
@@ -1757,6 +1760,9 @@ struct f2fs_sb_info {
 
 	unsigned long seq_file_ra_mul;		/* multiplier for ra_pages of seq. files in fadvise */
 
+	int fragment_chunk_size;		/* the chunk size for block fragmentation mode */
+	int fragment_hole_size;			/* the hole size for block fragmentation mode */
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_FS_COMPRESSION
 	struct kmem_cache *page_array_slab;	/* page array entry */
 	unsigned int page_array_slab_size;	/* default page array slab size */
@@ -3517,6 +3523,17 @@ unsigned int f2fs_usable_segs_in_sec(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
 unsigned int f2fs_usable_blks_in_seg(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
 			unsigned int segno);
 
+#define DEF_FRAGMENT_SIZE	4
+#define MIN_FRAGMENT_SIZE	1
+#define MAX_FRAGMENT_SIZE	512
+
+static inline bool f2fs_fragment_mode(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
+{
+	return F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG ||
+		F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_FIXED_BLK ||
+		F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_RAND_BLK;
+}
+
 /*
  * checkpoint.c
  */
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/gc.c b/fs/f2fs/gc.c
index 2c18443972b6..14046fb19a20 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/gc.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/gc.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
 #include <linux/delay.h>
 #include <linux/freezer.h>
 #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
 
 #include "f2fs.h"
 #include "node.h"
@@ -257,7 +258,9 @@ static void select_policy(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int gc_type,
 		p->max_search = sbi->max_victim_search;
 
 	/* let's select beginning hot/small space first in no_heap mode*/
-	if (test_opt(sbi, NOHEAP) &&
+	if (f2fs_fragment_mode(sbi))
+		p->offset = prandom_u32() % (MAIN_SECS(sbi) * sbi->segs_per_sec);
+	else if (test_opt(sbi, NOHEAP) &&
 		(type == CURSEG_HOT_DATA || IS_NODESEG(type)))
 		p->offset = 0;
 	else
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/segment.c b/fs/f2fs/segment.c
index a135d2247415..f064e439f2e0 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/segment.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/segment.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
 #include <linux/timer.h>
 #include <linux/freezer.h>
 #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
 
 #include "f2fs.h"
 #include "segment.h"
@@ -2630,6 +2631,8 @@ static unsigned int __get_next_segno(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int type)
 	unsigned short seg_type = curseg->seg_type;
 
 	sanity_check_seg_type(sbi, seg_type);
+	if (f2fs_fragment_mode(sbi))
+		return prandom_u32() % (MAIN_SECS(sbi) * sbi->segs_per_sec);
 
 	/* if segs_per_sec is large than 1, we need to keep original policy. */
 	if (__is_large_section(sbi))
@@ -2681,6 +2684,11 @@ static void new_curseg(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int type, bool new_sec)
 	curseg->next_segno = segno;
 	reset_curseg(sbi, type, 1);
 	curseg->alloc_type = LFS;
+	if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_FIXED_BLK)
+		curseg->fragment_remained_chunk = sbi->fragment_chunk_size;
+	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_RAND_BLK)
+		curseg->fragment_remained_chunk =
+				prandom_u32() % sbi->fragment_chunk_size + 1;
 }
 
 static int __next_free_blkoff(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
@@ -2707,12 +2715,29 @@ static int __next_free_blkoff(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
 static void __refresh_next_blkoff(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
 				struct curseg_info *seg)
 {
-	if (seg->alloc_type == SSR)
+	if (seg->alloc_type == SSR) {
 		seg->next_blkoff =
 			__next_free_blkoff(sbi, seg->segno,
 						seg->next_blkoff + 1);
-	else
+	} else {
 		seg->next_blkoff++;
+		if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_FIXED_BLK) {
+			if (--seg->fragment_remained_chunk <= 0) {
+				seg->fragment_remained_chunk =
+				   sbi->fragment_chunk_size;
+				seg->next_blkoff +=
+				   sbi->fragment_hole_size;
+			}
+		} else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_RAND_BLK) {
+			/* To allocate block chunks in different sizes, use random number */
+			if (--seg->fragment_remained_chunk <= 0) {
+				seg->fragment_remained_chunk =
+				   prandom_u32() % sbi->fragment_chunk_size + 1;
+				seg->next_blkoff +=
+				   prandom_u32() % sbi->fragment_hole_size + 1;
+			}
+		}
+	}
 }
 
 bool f2fs_segment_has_free_slot(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int segno)
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/segment.h b/fs/f2fs/segment.h
index 89fff258727d..46fde9f3f28e 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/segment.h
+++ b/fs/f2fs/segment.h
@@ -314,6 +314,7 @@ struct curseg_info {
 	unsigned short next_blkoff;		/* next block offset to write */
 	unsigned int zone;			/* current zone number */
 	unsigned int next_segno;		/* preallocated segment */
+	int fragment_remained_chunk;		/* remained block size in a chunk for block fragmentation mode */
 	bool inited;				/* indicate inmem log is inited */
 };
 
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/super.c b/fs/f2fs/super.c
index 49e153fd8183..60067b6d9fea 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/super.c
@@ -817,6 +817,12 @@ static int parse_options(struct super_block *sb, char *options, bool is_remount)
 				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_ADAPTIVE;
 			} else if (!strcmp(name, "lfs")) {
 				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_LFS;
+			} else if (!strcmp(name, "fragment:segment")) {
+				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG;
+			} else if (!strcmp(name, "fragment:fixed_block")) {
+				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_FIXED_BLK;
+			} else if (!strcmp(name, "fragment:rand_block")) {
+				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_RAND_BLK;
 			} else {
 				kfree(name);
 				return -EINVAL;
@@ -1897,6 +1903,12 @@ static int f2fs_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root)
 		seq_puts(seq, "adaptive");
 	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_LFS)
 		seq_puts(seq, "lfs");
+	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG)
+		seq_puts(seq, "fragment:segment");
+	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_FIXED_BLK)
+		seq_puts(seq, "fragment:fixed_block");
+	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_RAND_BLK)
+		seq_puts(seq, "fragment:rand_block");
 	seq_printf(seq, ",active_logs=%u", F2FS_OPTION(sbi).active_logs);
 	if (test_opt(sbi, RESERVE_ROOT))
 		seq_printf(seq, ",reserve_root=%u,resuid=%u,resgid=%u",
@@ -3515,6 +3527,8 @@ static void init_sb_info(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
 	sbi->max_victim_search = DEF_MAX_VICTIM_SEARCH;
 	sbi->migration_granularity = sbi->segs_per_sec;
 	sbi->seq_file_ra_mul = MIN_RA_MUL;
+	sbi->fragment_chunk_size = DEF_FRAGMENT_SIZE;
+	sbi->fragment_hole_size = DEF_FRAGMENT_SIZE;
 
 	sbi->dir_level = DEF_DIR_LEVEL;
 	sbi->interval_time[CP_TIME] = DEF_CP_INTERVAL;
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c b/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
index a1a3e0f6d658..ab34b3c2e09d 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
@@ -551,6 +551,22 @@ static ssize_t __sbi_store(struct f2fs_attr *a,
 		return count;
 	}
 
+	if (!strcmp(a->attr.name, "fragment_chunk_size")) {
+		if (t >= MIN_FRAGMENT_SIZE && t <= MAX_FRAGMENT_SIZE)
+			sbi->fragment_chunk_size = t;
+		else
+			return -EINVAL;
+		return count;
+	}
+
+	if (!strcmp(a->attr.name, "fragment_hole_size")) {
+		if (t >= MIN_FRAGMENT_SIZE && t <= MAX_FRAGMENT_SIZE)
+			sbi->fragment_hole_size = t;
+		else
+			return -EINVAL;
+		return count;
+	}
+
 	*ui = (unsigned int)t;
 
 	return count;
@@ -781,6 +797,8 @@ F2FS_RW_ATTR(ATGC_INFO, atgc_management, atgc_age_threshold, age_threshold);
 F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, seq_file_ra_mul, seq_file_ra_mul);
 F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, gc_segment_mode, gc_segment_mode);
 F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, gc_reclaimed_segments, gc_reclaimed_segs);
+F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, fragment_chunk_size, fragment_chunk_size);
+F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, fragment_hole_size, fragment_hole_size);
 
 #define ATTR_LIST(name) (&f2fs_attr_##name.attr)
 static struct attribute *f2fs_attrs[] = {
@@ -859,6 +877,8 @@ static struct attribute *f2fs_attrs[] = {
 	ATTR_LIST(seq_file_ra_mul),
 	ATTR_LIST(gc_segment_mode),
 	ATTR_LIST(gc_reclaimed_segments),
+	ATTR_LIST(fragment_chunk_size),
+	ATTR_LIST(fragment_hole_size),
 	NULL,
 };
 ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(f2fs);
-- 
2.33.0.259.gc128427fd7-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [f2fs-dev] [PATCH v3] f2fs: introduce fragment allocation mode mount option
  2021-08-31  5:10 [PATCH v3] f2fs: introduce fragment allocation mode mount option Daeho Jeong
@ 2021-09-01  6:58 ` Chao Yu
  2021-09-01 15:17   ` Daeho Jeong
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Chao Yu @ 2021-09-01  6:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Daeho Jeong, linux-kernel, linux-f2fs-devel, kernel-team; +Cc: Daeho Jeong

On 2021/8/31 13:10, Daeho Jeong wrote:
> From: Daeho Jeong <daehojeong@google.com>
> 
> Added three options into "mode=" mount option to make it possible for
> developers to make the filesystem fragmented or simulate filesystem
> fragmentation/after-GC situation itself. The developers use these modes
> to understand filesystem fragmentation/after-GC condition well,
> and eventually get some insights to handle them better.
> 
> "fragment:segment": f2fs allocates a new segment in ramdom position.
> 		With this, we can simulate the after-GC condition.
> "fragment:fixed_block" : We can scatter block allocation with
> 		"fragment_chunk_size" and "fragment_hole_size" sysfs
> 		nodes. f2fs will allocate <fragment_chunk_size> blocks
> 		in a chunk and make a hole in the length of
> 		<fragment_hole_size> by turns in a newly allocated free
> 		segment.
> "fragment:rand_block" : Working like "fragment:fixed_block" mode, but
> 		added some randomness to both chunk and hole size. So,
> 		f2fs will allocate 1..<fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a
> 		chunk and make a hole in the nodes. f2fs will allocate
> 		1..<fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make a
> 		hole in the length of 1..<fragment_hole_size> by turns
> 		in a newly allocated free segment.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Daeho Jeong <daehojeong@google.com>
> ---
> v3: divided "fragment:block" mode and fixed a race condition related to
>      making chunks.
> v2: changed mode name and added sysfs nodes to control the fragmentation
>      pattern.
> ---
>   Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++
>   Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst      | 20 +++++++++++++++++
>   fs/f2fs/f2fs.h                          | 21 ++++++++++++++++--
>   fs/f2fs/gc.c                            |  5 ++++-
>   fs/f2fs/segment.c                       | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++--
>   fs/f2fs/segment.h                       |  1 +
>   fs/f2fs/super.c                         | 14 ++++++++++++
>   fs/f2fs/sysfs.c                         | 20 +++++++++++++++++
>   8 files changed, 129 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs
> index f627e705e663..d56ecfd16abf 100644
> --- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs
> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs
> @@ -512,3 +512,27 @@ Date:		July 2021
>   Contact:	"Daeho Jeong" <daehojeong@google.com>
>   Description:	You can	control the multiplier value of	bdi device readahead window size
>   		between 2 (default) and 256 for POSIX_FADV_SEQUENTIAL advise option.
> +
> +What:		/sys/fs/f2fs/<disk>/fragment_chunk_size
> +Date:		August 2021
> +Contact:	"Daeho Jeong" <daehojeong@google.com>
> +Description:	With "mode=fragment:fixed_block" and "mode=fragment:rand_block" mount options,
> +		we can scatter block allocation. Using this node, in "fragment:fixed_block"
> +		mode, f2fs will allocate <fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make
> +		a hole in the length of	<fragment_hole_size> by turns in a newly allocated
> +		free segment. Plus, in "fragment:rand_block" mode, f2fs will allocate
> +		1..<fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make a hole in the length of
> +		1..<fragment_hole_size> by turns. This value can be set between 1..512 and
> +		the default value is 4.
> +
> +What:		/sys/fs/f2fs/<disk>/fragment_hole_size
> +Date:		August 2021
> +Contact:	"Daeho Jeong" <daehojeong@google.com>
> +Description:	With "mode=fragment:fixed_block" and "mode=fragment:rand_block" mount options,
> +		we can scatter block allocation. Using this node, in "fragment:fixed_block"
> +		mode, f2fs will allocate <fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make
> +		a hole in the length of	<fragment_hole_size> by turns in a newly allocated
> +		free segment. Plus, in "fragment:rand_block" mode, f2fs will allocate
> +		1..<fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make a hole in the length of
> +		1..<fragment_hole_size> by turns. This value can be set between 1..512 and
> +		the default value is 4.
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst
> index 09de6ebbbdfa..c58d300d2f41 100644
> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst
> @@ -201,6 +201,26 @@ fault_type=%d		 Support configuring fault injection type, should be
>   mode=%s			 Control block allocation mode which supports "adaptive"
>   			 and "lfs". In "lfs" mode, there should be no random
>   			 writes towards main area.
> +			 "fragment:segment", "fragment:fixed_block" and "fragment:rand_block"
> +			 are newly added here. These are developer options for experiments
> +			 to make the filesystem fragmented or simulate filesystem
> +			 fragmentation/after-GC situation itself. The developers use these
> +			 modes to understand filesystem fragmentation/after-GC condition well,
> +			 and eventually get some insights to handle them better.
> +			 In "fragment:segment", f2fs allocates a new segment in ramdom
> +			 position. With this, we can simulate the after-GC condition.
> +			 In "fragment:fixed_block" and "fragment:rand_block", we can scatter
> +			 block allocation with "fragment_chunk_size" and "fragment_hole_size"
> +			 sysfs nodes. In "fragment:fixed_block" mode, f2fs will allocate
> +			 <fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make a hole in the length
> +			 of <fragment_hole_size> by turns in a newly allocated free segment.
> +			 But, in "fragment:rand_block" mode, f2fs adds some randomness to
> +			 both chunk and hole size. So, f2fs will allocate
> +			 1..<fragment_chunk_size> blocks in a chunk and make a hole in the
> +			 length of 1..<fragment_hole_size> by turns. With these, the newly
> +			 allocated blocks will be scattered throughout the whole partition.
> +			 Please, use these options for your experiments and we strongly
> +			 recommend to re-format the filesystem after using these options.
>   io_bits=%u		 Set the bit size of write IO requests. It should be set
>   			 with "mode=lfs".
>   usrquota		 Enable plain user disk quota accounting.
> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> index c24f03e054cb..9f9368405ab1 100644
> --- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> +++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> @@ -1285,8 +1285,11 @@ enum {
>   };
>   
>   enum {
> -	FS_MODE_ADAPTIVE,	/* use both lfs/ssr allocation */
> -	FS_MODE_LFS,		/* use lfs allocation only */
> +	FS_MODE_ADAPTIVE,		/* use both lfs/ssr allocation */
> +	FS_MODE_LFS,			/* use lfs allocation only */
> +	FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG,		/* segment fragmentation mode */
> +	FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_FIXED_BLK,	/* fixed block fragmentation mode */
> +	FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_RAND_BLK,	/* randomized block fragmentation mode */
>   };
>   
>   enum {
> @@ -1757,6 +1760,9 @@ struct f2fs_sb_info {
>   
>   	unsigned long seq_file_ra_mul;		/* multiplier for ra_pages of seq. files in fadvise */
>   
> +	int fragment_chunk_size;		/* the chunk size for block fragmentation mode */
> +	int fragment_hole_size;			/* the hole size for block fragmentation mode */
> +
>   #ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_FS_COMPRESSION
>   	struct kmem_cache *page_array_slab;	/* page array entry */
>   	unsigned int page_array_slab_size;	/* default page array slab size */
> @@ -3517,6 +3523,17 @@ unsigned int f2fs_usable_segs_in_sec(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>   unsigned int f2fs_usable_blks_in_seg(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>   			unsigned int segno);
>   
> +#define DEF_FRAGMENT_SIZE	4
> +#define MIN_FRAGMENT_SIZE	1
> +#define MAX_FRAGMENT_SIZE	512
> +
> +static inline bool f2fs_fragment_mode(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
> +{
> +	return F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG ||
> +		F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_FIXED_BLK ||
> +		F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_RAND_BLK;
> +}
> +
>   /*
>    * checkpoint.c
>    */
> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/gc.c b/fs/f2fs/gc.c
> index 2c18443972b6..14046fb19a20 100644
> --- a/fs/f2fs/gc.c
> +++ b/fs/f2fs/gc.c
> @@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
>   #include <linux/delay.h>
>   #include <linux/freezer.h>
>   #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
> +#include <linux/random.h>
>   
>   #include "f2fs.h"
>   #include "node.h"
> @@ -257,7 +258,9 @@ static void select_policy(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int gc_type,
>   		p->max_search = sbi->max_victim_search;
>   
>   	/* let's select beginning hot/small space first in no_heap mode*/
> -	if (test_opt(sbi, NOHEAP) &&
> +	if (f2fs_fragment_mode(sbi))

if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG)?

It needs to randomize position of next segment only in fragment_seg mode? IIRC.

> +		p->offset = prandom_u32() % (MAIN_SECS(sbi) * sbi->segs_per_sec);
> +	else if (test_opt(sbi, NOHEAP) &&
>   		(type == CURSEG_HOT_DATA || IS_NODESEG(type)))
>   		p->offset = 0;
>   	else
> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/segment.c b/fs/f2fs/segment.c
> index a135d2247415..f064e439f2e0 100644
> --- a/fs/f2fs/segment.c
> +++ b/fs/f2fs/segment.c
> @@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
>   #include <linux/timer.h>
>   #include <linux/freezer.h>
>   #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
> +#include <linux/random.h>
>   
>   #include "f2fs.h"
>   #include "segment.h"
> @@ -2630,6 +2631,8 @@ static unsigned int __get_next_segno(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int type)
>   	unsigned short seg_type = curseg->seg_type;
>   
>   	sanity_check_seg_type(sbi, seg_type);
> +	if (f2fs_fragment_mode(sbi))

Ditto,

Thanks,

> +		return prandom_u32() % (MAIN_SECS(sbi) * sbi->segs_per_sec);
>   
>   	/* if segs_per_sec is large than 1, we need to keep original policy. */
>   	if (__is_large_section(sbi))
> @@ -2681,6 +2684,11 @@ static void new_curseg(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int type, bool new_sec)
>   	curseg->next_segno = segno;
>   	reset_curseg(sbi, type, 1);
>   	curseg->alloc_type = LFS;
> +	if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_FIXED_BLK)
> +		curseg->fragment_remained_chunk = sbi->fragment_chunk_size;
> +	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_RAND_BLK)
> +		curseg->fragment_remained_chunk =
> +				prandom_u32() % sbi->fragment_chunk_size + 1;
>   }
>   
>   static int __next_free_blkoff(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
> @@ -2707,12 +2715,29 @@ static int __next_free_blkoff(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>   static void __refresh_next_blkoff(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>   				struct curseg_info *seg)
>   {
> -	if (seg->alloc_type == SSR)
> +	if (seg->alloc_type == SSR) {
>   		seg->next_blkoff =
>   			__next_free_blkoff(sbi, seg->segno,
>   						seg->next_blkoff + 1);
> -	else
> +	} else {
>   		seg->next_blkoff++;
> +		if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_FIXED_BLK) {
> +			if (--seg->fragment_remained_chunk <= 0) {
> +				seg->fragment_remained_chunk =
> +				   sbi->fragment_chunk_size;
> +				seg->next_blkoff +=
> +				   sbi->fragment_hole_size;
> +			}
> +		} else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_RAND_BLK) {
> +			/* To allocate block chunks in different sizes, use random number */
> +			if (--seg->fragment_remained_chunk <= 0) {
> +				seg->fragment_remained_chunk =
> +				   prandom_u32() % sbi->fragment_chunk_size + 1;
> +				seg->next_blkoff +=
> +				   prandom_u32() % sbi->fragment_hole_size + 1;
> +			}
> +		}
> +	}
>   }
>   
>   bool f2fs_segment_has_free_slot(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int segno)
> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/segment.h b/fs/f2fs/segment.h
> index 89fff258727d..46fde9f3f28e 100644
> --- a/fs/f2fs/segment.h
> +++ b/fs/f2fs/segment.h
> @@ -314,6 +314,7 @@ struct curseg_info {
>   	unsigned short next_blkoff;		/* next block offset to write */
>   	unsigned int zone;			/* current zone number */
>   	unsigned int next_segno;		/* preallocated segment */
> +	int fragment_remained_chunk;		/* remained block size in a chunk for block fragmentation mode */
>   	bool inited;				/* indicate inmem log is inited */
>   };
>   
> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/super.c b/fs/f2fs/super.c
> index 49e153fd8183..60067b6d9fea 100644
> --- a/fs/f2fs/super.c
> +++ b/fs/f2fs/super.c
> @@ -817,6 +817,12 @@ static int parse_options(struct super_block *sb, char *options, bool is_remount)
>   				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_ADAPTIVE;
>   			} else if (!strcmp(name, "lfs")) {
>   				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_LFS;
> +			} else if (!strcmp(name, "fragment:segment")) {
> +				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG;
> +			} else if (!strcmp(name, "fragment:fixed_block")) {
> +				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_FIXED_BLK;
> +			} else if (!strcmp(name, "fragment:rand_block")) {
> +				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_RAND_BLK;
>   			} else {
>   				kfree(name);
>   				return -EINVAL;
> @@ -1897,6 +1903,12 @@ static int f2fs_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root)
>   		seq_puts(seq, "adaptive");
>   	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_LFS)
>   		seq_puts(seq, "lfs");
> +	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG)
> +		seq_puts(seq, "fragment:segment");
> +	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_FIXED_BLK)
> +		seq_puts(seq, "fragment:fixed_block");
> +	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_RAND_BLK)
> +		seq_puts(seq, "fragment:rand_block");
>   	seq_printf(seq, ",active_logs=%u", F2FS_OPTION(sbi).active_logs);
>   	if (test_opt(sbi, RESERVE_ROOT))
>   		seq_printf(seq, ",reserve_root=%u,resuid=%u,resgid=%u",
> @@ -3515,6 +3527,8 @@ static void init_sb_info(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>   	sbi->max_victim_search = DEF_MAX_VICTIM_SEARCH;
>   	sbi->migration_granularity = sbi->segs_per_sec;
>   	sbi->seq_file_ra_mul = MIN_RA_MUL;
> +	sbi->fragment_chunk_size = DEF_FRAGMENT_SIZE;
> +	sbi->fragment_hole_size = DEF_FRAGMENT_SIZE;
>   
>   	sbi->dir_level = DEF_DIR_LEVEL;
>   	sbi->interval_time[CP_TIME] = DEF_CP_INTERVAL;
> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c b/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
> index a1a3e0f6d658..ab34b3c2e09d 100644
> --- a/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
> +++ b/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
> @@ -551,6 +551,22 @@ static ssize_t __sbi_store(struct f2fs_attr *a,
>   		return count;
>   	}
>   
> +	if (!strcmp(a->attr.name, "fragment_chunk_size")) {
> +		if (t >= MIN_FRAGMENT_SIZE && t <= MAX_FRAGMENT_SIZE)
> +			sbi->fragment_chunk_size = t;
> +		else
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +		return count;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!strcmp(a->attr.name, "fragment_hole_size")) {
> +		if (t >= MIN_FRAGMENT_SIZE && t <= MAX_FRAGMENT_SIZE)
> +			sbi->fragment_hole_size = t;
> +		else
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +		return count;
> +	}
> +
>   	*ui = (unsigned int)t;
>   
>   	return count;
> @@ -781,6 +797,8 @@ F2FS_RW_ATTR(ATGC_INFO, atgc_management, atgc_age_threshold, age_threshold);
>   F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, seq_file_ra_mul, seq_file_ra_mul);
>   F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, gc_segment_mode, gc_segment_mode);
>   F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, gc_reclaimed_segments, gc_reclaimed_segs);
> +F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, fragment_chunk_size, fragment_chunk_size);
> +F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, fragment_hole_size, fragment_hole_size);
>   
>   #define ATTR_LIST(name) (&f2fs_attr_##name.attr)
>   static struct attribute *f2fs_attrs[] = {
> @@ -859,6 +877,8 @@ static struct attribute *f2fs_attrs[] = {
>   	ATTR_LIST(seq_file_ra_mul),
>   	ATTR_LIST(gc_segment_mode),
>   	ATTR_LIST(gc_reclaimed_segments),
> +	ATTR_LIST(fragment_chunk_size),
> +	ATTR_LIST(fragment_hole_size),
>   	NULL,
>   };
>   ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(f2fs);
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [f2fs-dev] [PATCH v3] f2fs: introduce fragment allocation mode mount option
  2021-09-01  6:58 ` [f2fs-dev] " Chao Yu
@ 2021-09-01 15:17   ` Daeho Jeong
  2021-09-02 14:14     ` Chao Yu
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Daeho Jeong @ 2021-09-01 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Chao Yu; +Cc: linux-kernel, linux-f2fs-devel, kernel-team, Daeho Jeong

>
> if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG)?
>
> It needs to randomize position of next segment only in fragment_seg mode? IIRC.
>

I want the randomness of segment allocation in fragment:*_block mode
to simulate real filesystem fragmentation.
How about just using fragment:rand_block for the simulation. I mean we
can use segment randomness for fragment:segment and
fragment:rand_block.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [f2fs-dev] [PATCH v3] f2fs: introduce fragment allocation mode mount option
  2021-09-01 15:17   ` Daeho Jeong
@ 2021-09-02 14:14     ` Chao Yu
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Chao Yu @ 2021-09-02 14:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Daeho Jeong; +Cc: linux-kernel, linux-f2fs-devel, kernel-team, Daeho Jeong

On 2021/9/1 23:17, Daeho Jeong wrote:
>>
>> if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG)?
>>
>> It needs to randomize position of next segment only in fragment_seg mode? IIRC.
>>
> 
> I want the randomness of segment allocation in fragment:*_block mode
> to simulate real filesystem fragmentation.
> How about just using fragment:rand_block for the simulation. I mean we
> can use segment randomness for fragment:segment and
> fragment:rand_block.

Okay, so it needs to describe that fragment:rand_block option has implicitly
enables fragment:segment option in document?

> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2021-09-02 14:14 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 4+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2021-08-31  5:10 [PATCH v3] f2fs: introduce fragment allocation mode mount option Daeho Jeong
2021-09-01  6:58 ` [f2fs-dev] " Chao Yu
2021-09-01 15:17   ` Daeho Jeong
2021-09-02 14:14     ` Chao Yu

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