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From: Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com>
To: Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com>
Cc: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>,
	devicetree@vger.kernel.org, Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>,
	Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>,
	linux-arm-kernel <linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>,
	Dmitry Torokhov <dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com>,
	linux-input@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [BUG] amba: Remove deferred device addition
Date: Tue, 5 Jul 2022 12:25:53 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAGETcx8RLor0JcboBuMrB96xUot14P1CAcqoen7ZHnYRi7KMEQ@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <4a8b0a6d-b1d5-ffe9-8e31-61844cb9bd89@huawei.com>

On Fri, Sep 10, 2021 at 12:59 AM Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com> wrote:
>
>
> On 2021/9/9 11:30, Saravana Kannan wrote:
> > On Fri, Aug 27, 2021 at 6:09 PM Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> On 2021/8/28 3:09, Saravana Kannan wrote:
> >>> On Fri, Aug 27, 2021 at 7:38 AM Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com> wrote:
> >>>> On 2021/8/27 8:04, Saravana Kannan wrote:
> >>>>> On Thu, Aug 26, 2021 at 1:22 AM Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com> wrote:
> >>>>>>>>> Btw, I've been working on [1] cleaning up the one-off deferred probe
> >>>>>>>>> solution that we have for amba devices. That causes a bunch of other
> >>>>>>>>> headaches. Your patch 3/3 takes us further in the wrong direction by
> >>>>>>>>> adding more reasons for delaying the addition of the device.
> >>>>>> Hi Saravana, I try the link[1], but with it, there is a crash when boot
> >>>>>> (qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15),
> >>> I'm assuming it's this one?
> >>> arch/arm/boot/dts/vexpress-v2p-ca15_a7.dts
> >> I use arch/arm/boot/dts/vexpress-v2p-ca15-tc1.dts.
> >>
> >> qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15 -dtb vexpress-v2p-ca15-tc1.dtb -cpu
> >> cortex-a15 -smp 2 -m size=3G -kernel zImage -rtc base=localtime -initrd
> >> initrd-arm32 -append 'console=ttyAMA0 cma=0 kfence.sample_interval=0
> >> earlyprintk debug ' -device virtio-net-device,netdev=net8 -netdev
> >> type=tap,id=net8,script=/etc/qemu-ifup,downscript=/etc/qemu-ifdown
> >> -nographic
> >>
> >>>>> Hi,
> >>>>>
> >>>>> It's hard to make sense of the logs. Looks like two different threads
> >>>>> might be printing to the log at the same time? Can you please enable
> >>>>> the config that prints the thread ID (forgot what it's called) and
> >>>>> collect this again? With what I could tell the crash seems to be
> >>>>> happening somewhere in platform_match(), but that's not related to
> >>>>> this patch at all?
> >>>> Can you reproduce it? it is very likely related(without your patch, the
> >>>> boot is fine),
> >>> Sorry, I haven't ever setup qemu and booted vexpress. Thanks for your help.
> >>>
> >>>> the NULL ptr is about serio, it is registed from amba driver.
> >>>>
> >>>> ambakmi_driver_init
> >>>>
> >>>>     -- amba_kmi_probe
> >>>>
> >>>>       -- __serio_register_port
> >>> Thanks for the pointer. I took a look at the logs and the code. It's
> >>> very strange. As you can see from the backtrace, platform_match() is
> >>> being called for the device_add() from serio_handle_event(). But the
> >>> device that gets added there is on the serio_bus which obviously
> >>> should be using the serio_bus_match.
> >> Yes, I am confused too.
> >>>> +Dmitry and input maillist, is there some known issue about serio ?
> >>>>
> >>>> I add some debug, the full log is attached.
> >>>>
> >>>> [    2.958355][   T41] input: AT Raw Set 2 keyboard as
> >>>> /devices/platform/bus@8000000/bus@8000000:motherboard-bus/bus@8000000:motherboard-bus:iofpga-bus@300000000/1c060000.kmi/serio0/input/input0
> >>>> [    2.977441][   T41] serio serio1: pdev c1e05508, pdev->name (null),
> >>>> drv c1090fc0, drv->name vexpress-reset
> >>> Based on the logs you added, it's pretty clear we are getting to
> >>> platform_match(). It's also strange that the drv->name is
> >>> vexpress-reset
> >> ...
> >>>> [    3.003113][   T41] Backtrace:
> >>>> [    3.003451][   T41] [<c0560bb4>] (strcmp) from [<c0646358>] (platform_match+0xdc/0xf0)
> >>>> [    3.003963][   T41] [<c064627c>] (platform_match) from [<c06437d4>] (__device_attach_driver+0x3c/0xf4)
> >>>> [    3.004769][   T41] [<c0643798>] (__device_attach_driver) from [<c0641180>] (bus_for_each_drv+0x68/0xc8)
> >>>> [    3.005481][   T41] [<c0641118>] (bus_for_each_drv) from [<c0642f40>] (__device_attach+0xf0/0x16c)
> >>>> [    3.006152][   T41] [<c0642e50>] (__device_attach) from [<c06439d4>] (device_initial_probe+0x1c/0x20)
> >>>> [    3.006853][   T41] [<c06439b8>] (device_initial_probe) from [<c0642030>] (bus_probe_device+0x94/0x9c)
> >>>> [    3.007259][   T41] [<c0641f9c>] (bus_probe_device) from [<c063f9cc>] (device_add+0x408/0x8b8)
> >>>> [    3.007900][   T41] [<c063f5c4>] (device_add) from [<c071c1cc>] (serio_handle_event+0x1b8/0x234)
> >>>> [    3.008824][   T41] [<c071c014>] (serio_handle_event) from [<c01475a4>] (process_one_work+0x238/0x594)
> >>>> [    3.009737][   T41] [<c014736c>] (process_one_work) from [<c014795c>] (worker_thread+0x5c/0x5f4)
> >>>> [    3.010638][   T41] [<c0147900>] (worker_thread) from [<c014feb4>] (kthread+0x178/0x194)
> >>>> [    3.011496][   T41] [<c014fd3c>] (kthread) from [<c0100150>] (ret_from_fork+0x14/0x24)
> >>>> [    3.011860][   T41] Exception stack(0xc1675fb0 to 0xc1675ff8)
> >>> But the platform_match() is happening for the device_add() from
> >>> serio_event_handle() that's adding a device to the serio_bus and it
> >>> should be using serio_bus_match().
> >>>
> >>> I haven't reached any conclusion yet, but my current thought process
> >>> is that it's either:
> >>> 1. My patch is somehow causing list corruption. But I don't directly
> >>> touch any list in my change (other than deleting a list entirely), so
> >>> it's not clear how that would be happening.
> >> Maybe some concurrent driver load?
> >>
> >>> 2. Without my patch, these AMBA device's probe would be delayed at
> >>> least until 5 seconds or possibly later. I'm wondering if my patch is
> >>> catching some bad timing assumptions in other code.
> >> After Rob's patch, It will retry soon.
> >>
> >> commit 039599c92d3b2e73689e8b6e519d653fd4770abb
> >> Author: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
> >> Date:   Wed Apr 29 15:58:12 2020 -0500
> >>
> >>       amba: Retry adding deferred devices at late_initcall
> >>
> >>       If amba bus devices defer when adding, the amba bus code simply retries
> >>       adding the devices every 5 seconds. This doesn't work well as it
> >>       completely unsynchronized with starting the init process which can
> >>       happen in less than 5 secs. Add a retry during late_initcall. If the
> >>       amba devices are added, then deferred probe takes over. If the
> >>       dependencies have not probed at this point, then there's no improvement
> >>       over previous behavior. To completely solve this, we'd need to retry
> >>       after every successful probe as deferred probe does.
> >>
> >>       The list_empty() check now happens outside the mutex, but the mutex
> >>       wasn't necessary in the first place.
> >>
> >>       This needed to use deferred probe instead of fragile initcall ordering
> >>       on 32-bit VExpress systems where the apb_pclk has a number of probe
> >>       dependencies (vexpress-sysregs, vexpress-config).
> >>
> >>
> >>> You might be able to test out theory (2) by DEFERRED_DEVICE_TIMEOUT to
> >>> a much smaller number. Say 500ms or 100ms. If it doesn't crash, it
> >>> doesn't mean it's not (2), but if it does, then we know for sure it's
> >>> (2).
> >> ok, I will try this one, but due to above patch, it may not work.
> > Were you able to find anything more?
> I can't find any clue, and have no time to check this for now, is there
> any news from your side?

To close out this thread, the issue was due to a UAF bug in driver
core that was fixed by:
https://lore.kernel.org/all/20220513112444.45112-1-schspa@gmail.com/

With that fix, there wouldn't have been a crash, but amba driver
registration would have failed (because match returned
non-EPROBE_DEFER error).

-Saravana

  reply	other threads:[~2022-07-05 19:26 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 27+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-16  7:46 [PATCH 0/3] amba: Properly handle device probe without IRQ domain Kefeng Wang
2021-08-16  7:46 ` [PATCH 1/3] amba: Drop unused functions about APB/AHB devices add Kefeng Wang
2021-08-16  7:46 ` [PATCH 2/3] Revert "ARM: amba: make use of -1 IRQs warn" Kefeng Wang
2021-08-16  7:46 ` [PATCH 3/3] amba: Properly handle device probe without IRQ domain Kefeng Wang
2021-08-24 20:05   ` Rob Herring
2021-08-24 20:08     ` Saravana Kannan
2021-08-25  4:05       ` Kefeng Wang
2021-08-25  8:04         ` Saravana Kannan
2021-08-25  8:39           ` Kefeng Wang
2021-08-26  2:45           ` Kefeng Wang
2021-08-26  4:45             ` Saravana Kannan
2021-08-26  6:22               ` Kefeng Wang
2021-08-26  8:22               ` [BUG] amba: Remove deferred device addition Kefeng Wang
2021-08-27  0:04                 ` Saravana Kannan
2021-08-27 14:38                   ` Kefeng Wang
2021-08-27 19:09                     ` Saravana Kannan
2021-08-28  1:09                       ` Kefeng Wang
2021-09-09  3:30                         ` Saravana Kannan
2021-09-10  7:59                           ` Kefeng Wang
2022-07-05 19:25                             ` Saravana Kannan [this message]
2022-08-27 10:26                               ` Leizhen (ThunderTown)
2021-08-25 12:33         ` [PATCH 3/3] amba: Properly handle device probe without IRQ domain Rob Herring
2021-08-25 14:41           ` Kefeng Wang
2021-08-17 22:27 ` [PATCH 0/3] " Rob Herring
2021-08-23  2:19   ` Kefeng Wang
2021-08-23  9:05     ` Russell King (Oracle)
2021-08-23 10:57       ` Kefeng Wang

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