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From: Jeaho Hwang <jhhwang@rtst.co.kr>
To: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Cc: "Peter Chen" <peter.chen@kernel.org>,
	"Greg Kroah-Hartman" <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	linux-usb@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	"Thomas Gleixner" <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	linux-rt-users@vger.kernel.org,
	"Linux team" <team-linux@rtst.co.kr>,
	"변무광(Byeon Moo Kwang)/자동화연)Automation Platform연구팀"
	<mkbyeon@lselectric.co.kr>,
	"최기홍(Choi Ki Hong)/자동화연)Automation Platform연구팀"
	<khchoib@lselectric.co.kr>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] usb: chipidea: local_irq_save/restore added for hw_ep_prime
Date: Thu, 19 Aug 2021 08:50:27 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAJk_X9h_GqUyir7oG33pFrLgknj7DZfd6esiKb07w7QWjZqX0g@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210818161752.vu6abfv3e6bfqz23@linutronix.de>

2021년 8월 19일 (목) 오전 1:17, Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
<bigeasy@linutronix.de>님이 작성:
>
> On 2021-08-17 18:53:13 [+0900], Jeaho Hwang wrote:
> > hw_ep_prime sometimes fails if irq occurs while it rus on RT kernel.
>
> How/ why does it fail? Which IRQ occurs? Does it also occur without RT
> and with threadirqs enabled?
>

We experienced priming failure while trying cable connection to a
Windows RNDIS host.
And we found that a twd interrupt occurs during execution of
hw_ep_prime for failure cases.
According to the manual, checking ENDPTSETUPSTAT before/after priming
should be done immediately since the host could send a setup packet
which makes the priming invalidated. So we think that the twd (or any)
interrupt could make a timing issue between udc_irq and the RNDIS
host.
Without RT, udc_irq runs as a forced threaded irq handler, so it runs
without any interruption or preemption. NO similar case is found on
non-RT.

> > local_irq_save/restore is added inside the function to gurantee atomicity.
> > only effective for preempt_rt since hw_ep_prime is called inside top half
> > or spin_lock_irqsave. No effect is expected for standard linux.
>
> How is that helping?
> #1
>   udc_irq() -> isr_tr_complete_handler() -> isr_tr_complete_low ->
>    _hardware_dequeue() -> reprime_dtd() -> hw_ep_prime()
>
> udc_irq() acquires ci->lock.
>
> #2
>   ep_queue -> _ep_queue() ->_hardware_enqueue() -> hw_ep_prime()
>
> ep_queue acquires hwep->lock. Which is actually ci->lock.
>
> So if I read this right then hw_ep_prime() may not be interrupted in the
> middle of its operation (but preempted) because each path is protected
> by the lock.
>
> isr_tr_complete_low() drops hwep->lock and acquires it again so it that
> phase another thread may acquire it.
>
> > Signed-off-by: Jeaho Hwang <jhhwang@rtst.co.kr>
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/chipidea/udc.c b/drivers/usb/chipidea/udc.c
> > index 8834ca613721..a624eddb3e22 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/chipidea/udc.c
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/chipidea/udc.c
> > @@ -191,22 +191,31 @@ static int hw_ep_get_halt(struct ci_hdrc *ci, int num, int dir)
> >  static int hw_ep_prime(struct ci_hdrc *ci, int num, int dir, int is_ctrl)
> >  {
> >       int n = hw_ep_bit(num, dir);
> > +     unsigned long flags;
> > +     int ret = 0;
> >
> >       /* Synchronize before ep prime */
> >       wmb();
> >
> > -     if (is_ctrl && dir == RX && hw_read(ci, OP_ENDPTSETUPSTAT, BIT(num)))
> > +     /* irq affects this routine so irq should be disabled on RT.
> > +      * on standard kernel, irq is already disabled by callers.
>
> The important part is _how_ it is affected. If locking works then
> nothing should read/ write the HW register. If the lock is briefly
> dropped then another thread _may_ read/ write the registers but not
> within this function.
>
> If this function here is sensitive to timing (say the cpu_relax() loop
> gets interrupt for 1ms) then it has to be documented as such.

The controller sets ENDPTSETUPSTAT register if the host sent a setup packet.
yes it is a timing problem. I will document that and resubmit again if
you agree that local_irq_save could help from the timing problem.

Thanks for the advice.

>
> > +      */
> > +     local_irq_save(flags);
> > +     if (is_ctrl && dir == RX && hw_read(ci, OP_ENDPTSETUPSTAT, BIT(num))) {
> > +             local_irq_restore(flags);
> >               return -EAGAIN;
> > +     }
> >
> >       hw_write(ci, OP_ENDPTPRIME, ~0, BIT(n));
> >
> >       while (hw_read(ci, OP_ENDPTPRIME, BIT(n)))
> >               cpu_relax();
> >       if (is_ctrl && dir == RX && hw_read(ci, OP_ENDPTSETUPSTAT, BIT(num)))
> > -             return -EAGAIN;
> > +             ret = -EAGAIN;
> >
> > +     local_irq_restore(flags);
> >       /* status shoult be tested according with manual but it doesn't work */
> > -     return 0;
> > +     return ret;
> >  }
> >
> >  /**
>
> Sebastian



-- 
황재호, Jay Hwang, linux team manager of RTst
010-7242-1593

  reply	other threads:[~2021-08-18 23:50 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-17  9:53 Jeaho Hwang
2021-08-18 16:17 ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2021-08-18 23:50   ` Jeaho Hwang [this message]
2021-08-19  8:47     ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2021-08-20  5:15       ` Jeaho Hwang
2021-08-21  5:05         ` Peter Chen
2021-08-21  7:04           ` Jeaho Hwang
2021-08-23 16:14             ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2021-08-23 16:51         ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior

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