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From: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>
To: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>,
	Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>,
	Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>,
	Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>, Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>,
	Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>,
	Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io>,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>,
	Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>,
	David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>,
	Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>, Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>,
	Florian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com>,
	Jan Engelhardt <jengelh@inai.de>,
	Tim Murray <timmurray@google.com>,
	Linux API <linux-api@vger.kernel.org>,
	linux-mm <linux-mm@kvack.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	kernel-team <kernel-team@android.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 1/2] mm: introduce process_mrelease system call
Date: Tue, 3 Aug 2021 15:09:43 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAJuCfpEjb+o_TuQqxYALcvpr+4kq7tVNjq7A3oahB=1=JPyWtw@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAJuCfpGiYAdvOydimHbK73oKS-ZfMMBtADXxWCYpxkX2qJX08g@mail.gmail.com>

On Tue, Aug 3, 2021 at 10:27 AM Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com> wrote:
>
> On Tue, Aug 3, 2021 at 1:39 AM Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Mon 02-08-21 15:14:30, Suren Baghdasaryan wrote:
> > > In modern systems it's not unusual to have a system component monitoring
> > > memory conditions of the system and tasked with keeping system memory
> > > pressure under control. One way to accomplish that is to kill
> > > non-essential processes to free up memory for more important ones.
> > > Examples of this are Facebook's OOM killer daemon called oomd and
> > > Android's low memory killer daemon called lmkd.
> > > For such system component it's important to be able to free memory
> > > quickly and efficiently. Unfortunately the time process takes to free
> > > up its memory after receiving a SIGKILL might vary based on the state
> > > of the process (uninterruptible sleep), size and OPP level of the core
> > > the process is running. A mechanism to free resources of the target
> > > process in a more predictable way would improve system's ability to
> > > control its memory pressure.
> > > Introduce process_mrelease system call that releases memory of a dying
> > > process from the context of the caller. This way the memory is freed in
> > > a more controllable way with CPU affinity and priority of the caller.
> > > The workload of freeing the memory will also be charged to the caller.
> > > The operation is allowed only on a dying process.
> > >
> > > Previously I proposed a number of alternatives to accomplish this:
> > > - https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1060407 extending
> >
> > Please use the msg-id based urls https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190411014353.113252-3-surenb@google.com/
>
> Will do. Thanks!
>
> >
> > > pidfd_send_signal to allow memory reaping using oom_reaper thread;
> > > - https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1338196 extending
> >
> > https://lore.kernel.org/linux-api/20201113173448.1863419-1-surenb@google.com/
> >
> > > pidfd_send_signal to reap memory of the target process synchronously from
> > > the context of the caller;
> > > - https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1344419/ to add MADV_DONTNEED
> > > support for process_madvise implementing synchronous memory reaping.
> >
> > https://lore.kernel.org/linux-api/20201124053943.1684874-3-surenb@google.com/
> >
> > > The end of the last discussion culminated with suggestion to introduce a
> > > dedicated system call (https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1344418/#1553875)
> >
> > https://lore.kernel.org/linux-api/20201223075712.GA4719@lst.de/
> >
> > > The reasoning was that the new variant of process_madvise
> > >   a) does not work on an address range
> > >   b) is destructive
> > >   c) doesn't share much code at all with the rest of process_madvise
> > > >From the userspace point of view it was awkward and inconvenient to provide
> > > memory range for this operation that operates on the entire address space.
> > > Using special flags or address values to specify the entire address space
> > > was too hacky.
> > >
> > > The API is as follows,
> > >
> > >           int process_mrelease(int pidfd, unsigned int flags);
> > >
> > >         DESCRIPTION
> > >           The process_mrelease() system call is used to free the memory of
> > >           a process which was sent a SIGKILL signal.
> >
> > This is not really precise. The implementation will allow to use the
> > syscall on any exiting or fatal signal received process. Not just those
> > that have been SIGKILLed, right? For the purpose of the man page I would
> > go with exiting process for the wording.
>
> Ack.
>
> >
> > >           The pidfd selects the process referred to by the PID file
> > >           descriptor.
> > >           (See pidofd_open(2) for further information)
> > >
> > >           The flags argument is reserved for future use; currently, this
> > >           argument must be specified as 0.
> > >
> > >         RETURN VALUE
> > >           On success, process_mrelease() returns 0. On error, -1 is
> > >           returned and errno is set to indicate the error.
> > >
> > >         ERRORS
> > >           EBADF  pidfd is not a valid PID file descriptor.
> > >
> > >           EAGAIN Failed to release part of the address space.
> > >
> > >           EINTR  The call was interrupted by a signal; see signal(7).
> > >
> > >           EINVAL flags is not 0.
> > >
> > >           EINVAL The task does not have a pending SIGKILL or its memory is
> > >                  shared with another process with no pending SIGKILL.
> >
> > again, wording here. I would go with
> >             EINVAL The memory of the task cannot be released because the
> >                    process is not exiting, the address space is shared
> >                    with an alive process or there is a core dump is in
> >                    progress..
>
> Ack.
>
> > >
> > >           ENOSYS This system call is not supported by kernels built with no
> > >                  MMU support (CONFIG_MMU=n).
> > >
> > >           ESRCH  The target process does not exist (i.e., it has terminated
> > >                  and been waited on).
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>
> > > ---
> > > changes in v4:
> > > - Replaced mmap_read_lock() with mmap_read_lock_killable(), per Michal Hocko
> > > - Added EINTR error in the manual pages documentation
> > >
> > >  mm/oom_kill.c | 58 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > >  1 file changed, 58 insertions(+)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
> > > index c729a4c4a1ac..86727794b0a8 100644
> > > --- a/mm/oom_kill.c
> > > +++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
> > > @@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
> > >  #include <linux/sched/task.h>
> > >  #include <linux/sched/debug.h>
> > >  #include <linux/swap.h>
> > > +#include <linux/syscalls.h>
> > >  #include <linux/timex.h>
> > >  #include <linux/jiffies.h>
> > >  #include <linux/cpuset.h>
> > > @@ -1141,3 +1142,60 @@ void pagefault_out_of_memory(void)
> > >       out_of_memory(&oc);
> > >       mutex_unlock(&oom_lock);
> > >  }
> > > +
> > > +SYSCALL_DEFINE2(process_mrelease, int, pidfd, unsigned int, flags)
> > > +{
> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
> > > +     struct mm_struct *mm = NULL;
> > > +     struct task_struct *task;
> > > +     unsigned int f_flags;
> > > +     struct pid *pid;
> > > +     long ret = 0;
> > > +
> > > +     if (flags != 0)
> > > +             return -EINVAL;
> > > +
> > > +     pid = pidfd_get_pid(pidfd, &f_flags);
> > > +     if (IS_ERR(pid))
> > > +             return PTR_ERR(pid);
> > > +
> > > +     task = get_pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
> > > +     if (!task) {
> > > +             ret = -ESRCH;
> > > +             goto put_pid;
> > > +     }
> > > +
> > > +     /*
> > > +      * If the task is dying and in the process of releasing its memory
> > > +      * then get its mm.
> > > +      */
> > > +     task_lock(task);
> >
> > Don't we need find_lock_task_mm here?
>
> Yes, we do. Will fix in the next rev.
>
> >
> > > +     if (task_will_free_mem(task) && (task->flags & PF_KTHREAD) == 0) {
> > > +             mm = task->mm;
> > > +             mmget(mm);
> > > +     }
> > > +     task_unlock(task);
> > > +     if (!mm) {
> >
> > Do we want to treat MMF_OOM_SKIP as a failure?
>
> Yeah, I don't think we want to create additional contention if
> oom-killer is already working on this mm. Should we return EBUSY in
> this case? Other possible options is ESRCH, indicating that this
> process is a goner, so don't bother. WDYT?

After considering this some more I think ESRCH would be more
appropriate. EBUSY might be understood as "I need to retry at a better
time", which is not what we want here.
I posted v5 at https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1471926 with
suggested changes.
Thanks,
Suren.

>
> >
> > > +             ret = -EINVAL;
> > > +             goto put_task;
> > > +     }
> > > +
> > > +     if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) {
> > > +             ret = -EINTR;
> > > +             goto put_mm;
> > > +     }
> > > +     if (!__oom_reap_task_mm(mm))
> > > +             ret = -EAGAIN;
> > > +     mmap_read_unlock(mm);
> > > +
> > > +put_mm:
> > > +     mmput(mm);
> > > +put_task:
> > > +     put_task_struct(task);
> > > +put_pid:
> > > +     put_pid(pid);
> > > +     return ret;
> > > +#else
> > > +     return -ENOSYS;
> > > +#endif /* CONFIG_MMU */
> > > +}
> > > --
> > > 2.32.0.554.ge1b32706d8-goog
> >
>
> Thanks for the review!
>
> > --
> > Michal Hocko
> > SUSE Labs

  reply	other threads:[~2021-08-03 22:09 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-02 22:14 Suren Baghdasaryan
2021-08-02 22:14 ` [PATCH v4 2/2] mm: wire up syscall process_mrelease Suren Baghdasaryan
2021-08-03  7:48 ` [PATCH v4 1/2] mm: introduce process_mrelease system call David Hildenbrand
2021-08-03 17:19   ` Suren Baghdasaryan
2021-08-03  8:39 ` Michal Hocko
2021-08-03 17:27   ` Suren Baghdasaryan
2021-08-03 22:09     ` Suren Baghdasaryan [this message]
2021-08-04  6:21       ` Michal Hocko
2021-08-04 16:54         ` Suren Baghdasaryan

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