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From: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
To: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>,
	Fangrui Song <maskray@google.com>, "KE . LI" <like1@oppo.com>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>,
	Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>, Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>,
	"Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@kernel.org>,
	Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>,
	Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>,
	Stephen Boyd <swboyd@chromium.org>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, clang-built-linux@googlegroups.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] kallsyms: strip LTO suffixes from static functions
Date: Mon, 28 Jun 2021 15:01:48 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAKwvOdks4o8A1o7Q49Pa43ZyY5Zh6+s-u67FL-fp=16FP-Y7yw@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <YNo8+PWPu5ssAcau@archlinux-ax161>

On Mon, Jun 28, 2021 at 2:20 PM Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Jun 28, 2021 at 01:31:06PM -0700, Nick Desaulniers wrote:
> > Similar to:
> > commit 8b8e6b5d3b01 ("kallsyms: strip ThinLTO hashes from static
> > functions")
> >
> > It's very common for compilers to modify the symbol name for static
> > functions as part of optimizing transformations. That makes hooking
> > static functions (that weren't inlined or DCE'd) with kprobes difficult.
> >
> > LLVM has yet another name mangling scheme used by thin LTO.  Strip off
> > these suffixes so that we can continue to hook such static functions.
> >
> > Reported-by: KE.LI(Lieke) <like1@oppo.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
> > ---
> > Changes v2 -> V3:
> > * Un-nest preprocessor checks, as per Nathan.
> >
> > Changes v1 -> v2:
> > * Both mangling schemes can occur for thinLTO + CFI, this new scheme can
> >   also occur for thinLTO without CFI. Split cleanup_symbol_name() into
> >   two function calls.
> > * Drop KE.LI's tested by tag.
> > * Do not carry Fangrui's Reviewed by tag.
> > * Drop the inline keyword; it is meaningless.
> >  kernel/kallsyms.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> >  1 file changed, 29 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/kernel/kallsyms.c b/kernel/kallsyms.c
> > index 4067564ec59f..143c69e7e75d 100644
> > --- a/kernel/kallsyms.c
> > +++ b/kernel/kallsyms.c
> > @@ -171,6 +171,26 @@ static unsigned long kallsyms_sym_address(int idx)
> >       return kallsyms_relative_base - 1 - kallsyms_offsets[idx];
> >  }
> >
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_LTO_CLANG_THIN
> > +/*
> > + * LLVM appends a suffix for local variables that must be promoted to global
> > + * scope as part of thin LTO. foo() becomes foo.llvm.974640843467629774. This
> > + * can break hooking of static functions with kprobes.
> > + */
> > +static bool cleanup_symbol_name_thinlto(char *s)
> > +{
> > +     char *res;
> > +
> > +     res = strstr(s, ".llvm.");
> > +     if (res)
> > +             *res = '\0';
> > +
> > +     return res != NULL;
> > +}
> > +#else
> > +static bool cleanup_symbol_name_thinlto(char *s) { return false; }
> > +#endif /* CONFIG_LTO_CLANG_THIN */
> > +
> >  #if defined(CONFIG_CFI_CLANG) && defined(CONFIG_LTO_CLANG_THIN)
> >  /*
> >   * LLVM appends a hash to static function names when ThinLTO and CFI are
> > @@ -178,7 +198,7 @@ static unsigned long kallsyms_sym_address(int idx)
> >   * This causes confusion and potentially breaks user space tools, so we
> >   * strip the suffix from expanded symbol names.
> >   */
> > -static inline bool cleanup_symbol_name(char *s)
> > +static bool cleanup_symbol_name_thinlto_cfi(char *s)
> >  {
> >       char *res;
> >
> > @@ -189,8 +209,14 @@ static inline bool cleanup_symbol_name(char *s)
> >       return res != NULL;
> >  }
> >  #else
> > -static inline bool cleanup_symbol_name(char *s) { return false; }
> > -#endif
> > +static bool cleanup_symbol_name_thinlto_cfi(char *s) { return false; }
> > +#endif /* CONFIG_CFI_CLANG && CONFIG_LTO_CLANG_THIN */
> > +
> > +static bool cleanup_symbol_name(char *s)
> > +{
> > +     return cleanup_symbol_name_thinlto(s) &&
> > +             cleanup_symbol_name_thinlto_cfi(s);
> > +}
> >
> >  /* Lookup the address for this symbol. Returns 0 if not found. */
> >  unsigned long kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name)
> > --
> > 2.32.0.93.g670b81a890-goog
> >
>
> Is there any reason that we cannot eliminate the stubs and combine the
> functions, or am I missing something? Completely untested diff.
>
> diff --git a/kernel/kallsyms.c b/kernel/kallsyms.c
> index c851ca0ed357..014b59ad68a3 100644
> --- a/kernel/kallsyms.c
> +++ b/kernel/kallsyms.c
> @@ -161,26 +161,36 @@ static unsigned long kallsyms_sym_address(int idx)
>         return kallsyms_relative_base - 1 - kallsyms_offsets[idx];
>  }
>
> -#if defined(CONFIG_CFI_CLANG) && defined(CONFIG_LTO_CLANG_THIN)
> -/*
> - * LLVM appends a hash to static function names when ThinLTO and CFI are
> - * both enabled, i.e. foo() becomes foo$707af9a22804d33c81801f27dcfe489b.
> - * This causes confusion and potentially breaks user space tools, so we
> - * strip the suffix from expanded symbol names.
> - */
> -static inline bool cleanup_symbol_name(char *s)
> +static inline bool cleanup_symbol_name_thinlto(char *s)

Drop inline while touching this line.

>  {
>         char *res;
>
> -       res = strrchr(s, '$');
> +       if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_LTO_CLANG_THIN))
> +               return false;
> +
> +       /*
> +        * LLVM appends a suffix for local variables that must be promoted to global
> +        * scope as part of ThinLTO. foo() becomes foo.llvm.974640843467629774. This
> +        * can break hooking of static functions with kprobes.
> +        */
> +       res = strstr(s, ".llvm.");
>         if (res)
>                 *res = '\0';

Sure, this is nicer though within the true block we should `return
true;` early rather than additionally check the $ mangling, I suppose.

>
> +       /*
> +        * LLVM appends a hash to static function names when ThinLTO and CFI are
> +        * both enabled, i.e. foo() becomes foo$707af9a22804d33c81801f27dcfe489b.
> +        * This causes confusion and potentially breaks user space tools, so we
> +        * strip the suffix from expanded symbol names.
> +        */
> +       if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CFI_CLANG)) {
> +               res = strrchr(s, '$');
> +               if (res)
> +                       *res = '\0';
> +       }
> +
>         return res != NULL;
>  }
> -#else
> -static inline bool cleanup_symbol_name(char *s) { return false; }
> -#endif
>
>  /* Lookup the address for this symbol. Returns 0 if not found. */
>  unsigned long kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name)
> @@ -195,7 +205,7 @@ unsigned long kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name)
>                 if (strcmp(namebuf, name) == 0)
>                         return kallsyms_sym_address(i);
>
> -               if (cleanup_symbol_name(namebuf) && strcmp(namebuf, name) == 0)
> +               if (cleanup_symbol_name_thinlto(namebuf) && strcmp(namebuf, name) == 0)
>                         return kallsyms_sym_address(i);
>         }
>         return module_kallsyms_lookup_name(name);



-- 
Thanks,
~Nick Desaulniers

  reply	other threads:[~2021-06-28 22:03 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 17+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-06-22 18:38 [PATCH] " Nick Desaulniers
2021-06-22 20:18 ` Fangrui Song
2021-06-28 17:54   ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-06-28 18:20     ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-06-28 19:05   ` [PATCH v2] " Nick Desaulniers
2021-06-28 19:45     ` Nathan Chancellor
2021-06-28 20:31       ` [PATCH v3] " Nick Desaulniers
2021-06-28 21:19         ` Nathan Chancellor
2021-06-28 22:01           ` Nick Desaulniers [this message]
2021-06-28 22:16             ` Nathan Chancellor
2021-07-07 18:18               ` [PATCH v4] " Nick Desaulniers
2021-07-07 18:34                 ` Nathan Chancellor
2021-07-07 18:59                   ` Fāng-ruì Sòng
2021-08-06 16:20                 ` Sami Tolvanen
2021-10-01 19:58                   ` [PATCH v5] " Nick Desaulniers
2021-10-01 20:05                     ` Sami Tolvanen
2021-10-04 10:46                       ` Padmanabha Srinivasaiah

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