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From: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
To: Shuah Khan <skhan@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: tj@kernel.org, jiangshanlai@gmail.com, akpm@linux-foundation.org,
	andreyknvl@gmail.com, dvyukov@google.com,
	walter-zh.wu@mediatek.com, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] workqueue: Don't record workqueue stack holding raw_spin_lock
Date: Thu, 2 Sep 2021 23:58:12 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CANpmjNPWyp67SSfRiXVYTiqRaMre9XVQzNVM-73PQ6TTjQW3Gw@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210902200134.25603-1-skhan@linuxfoundation.org>

On Thu, 2 Sept 2021 at 22:01, Shuah Khan <skhan@linuxfoundation.org> wrote:
>
> When CONFIG_PROVE_RAW_LOCK_NESTING=y and CONFIG_KASAN are enabled,
> kasan_record_aux_stack() runs into "BUG: Invalid wait context" when
> it tries to allocate memory attempting to acquire spinlock in page
> allocation code while holding workqueue pool raw_spinlock.
>
> There are several instances of this problem when block layer tries
> to __queue_work(). Call trace from one of these instances is below:
>
>     kblockd_mod_delayed_work_on()
>       mod_delayed_work_on()
>         __queue_delayed_work()
>           __queue_work() (rcu_read_lock, raw_spin_lock pool->lock held)
>             insert_work()
>               kasan_record_aux_stack()
>                 kasan_save_stack()
>                   stack_depot_save()
>                     alloc_pages()
>                       __alloc_pages()
>                         get_page_from_freelist()
>                           rm_queue()
>                             rm_queue_pcplist()
>                               local_lock_irqsave(&pagesets.lock, flags);
>                               [ BUG: Invalid wait context triggered ]
>
> Fix it by calling kasan_record_aux_stack() conditionally only when
> CONFIG_PROVE_RAW_LOCK_NESTING is not enabled. After exploring other
> options such as calling kasan_record_aux_stack() after releasing the
> pool lock, opting for a least disruptive path of stubbing this record
> function to avoid nesting raw spinlock and spinlock.
>
> =============================
>  [ BUG: Invalid wait context ]
>  5.14.0-rc7+ #8 Not tainted
>  -----------------------------
>  snap/532 is trying to lock:
>  ffff888374f32ba0 (lock#2){..-.}-{3:3}, at: get_page_from_freelist (mm/page_alloc.c:3665 mm/page_alloc.c:3703 mm/page_alloc.c:4165)
>  other info that might help us debug this:
>  context-{5:5}
>  3 locks held by snap/532:
>  #0: ffff888139fa4408 (&type->i_mutex_dir_key#10){.+.+}-{4:4}, at: walk_component (fs/namei.c:1663 fs/namei.c:1959)
>  #1: ffffffffab870c40 (rcu_read_lock){....}-{1:3}, at: __queue_work (./arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h:80 ./include/linux/rcupdate.h:68 ./include/linux/rcupdate.h:685 kernel/workqueue.c:1421)
>  #2: ffff888374f36cd8 (&pool->lock){-.-.}-{2:2}, at: __queue_work (kernel/workqueue.c:1466)
>  stack backtrace:
>  CPU: 14 PID: 532 Comm: snap Not tainted 5.14.0-rc7+ #8
>  Hardware name: LENOVO 90Q30008US/3728, BIOS O4ZKT1CA 09/16/2020
>  Call Trace:
>  dump_stack_lvl (lib/dump_stack.c:106 (discriminator 4))
>  dump_stack (lib/dump_stack.c:113)
>  __lock_acquire.cold (kernel/locking/lockdep.c:4666 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:4727 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:4965)
>  ? lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare (kernel/locking/lockdep.c:4873)
>  ? lock_is_held_type (kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5368 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5668)
>  lock_acquire (kernel/locking/lockdep.c:438 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5627 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5590)
>  ? get_page_from_freelist (mm/page_alloc.c:3665 mm/page_alloc.c:3703 mm/page_alloc.c:4165)
>  ? lock_release (kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5593)
>  ? __kasan_check_read (mm/kasan/shadow.c:32)
>  ? __lock_acquire (kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5019)
>  ? __zone_watermark_ok (./include/linux/list.h:282 ./include/linux/mmzone.h:111 mm/page_alloc.c:3908)
>  get_page_from_freelist (./include/linux/local_lock_internal.h:43 mm/page_alloc.c:3665 mm/page_alloc.c:3703 mm/page_alloc.c:4165)
>  ? get_page_from_freelist (mm/page_alloc.c:3665 mm/page_alloc.c:3703 mm/page_alloc.c:4165)
>  ? lock_is_held_type (kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5368 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5668)
>  ? is_bpf_text_address (./arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h:85 ./include/linux/rcupdate.h:73 ./include/linux/rcupdate.h:719 kernel/bpf/core.c:708)
>  ? lock_downgrade (kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5633)
>  ? __zone_watermark_ok (mm/page_alloc.c:4054)
>  __alloc_pages (mm/page_alloc.c:5391)
>  ? __alloc_pages_slowpath.constprop.0 (mm/page_alloc.c:5354)
>  ? create_prof_cpu_mask (kernel/stacktrace.c:82)
> ? _find_first_bit (lib/find_bit.c:83)
>  alloc_pages (mm/mempolicy.c:2249)
>  stack_depot_save (lib/stackdepot.c:304)
>  ? lock_is_held_type (kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5368 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5668)
>  kasan_save_stack (mm/kasan/common.c:41)
>  ? kasan_save_stack (mm/kasan/common.c:39)
>  ? kasan_record_aux_stack (mm/kasan/generic.c:348)
>  ? insert_work (./include/linux/instrumented.h:71 ./include/asm-generic/bitops/instrumented-non-atomic.h:134 kernel/workqueue.c:616 kernel/workqueue.c:623 kernel/workqueue.c:1335)
>  ? __queue_work (kernel/workqueue.c:1501)
>  ? __queue_delayed_work (kernel/workqueue.c:1657)
>  ? mod_delayed_work_on (kernel/workqueue.c:1720)
>  ? kblockd_mod_delayed_work_on (block/blk-core.c:1633)
>  ? __blk_mq_delay_run_hw_queue (block/blk-mq.c:1567)
>  ? blk_mq_run_hw_queue (block/blk-mq.c:1610)
>  ? blk_mq_sched_insert_request (block/blk-mq-sched.c:480)
>  ? blk_mq_submit_bio (block/blk-mq.c:2276)
>
> Fixes: e89a85d63fb2 ("workqueue: kasan: record workqueue stack")
> Signed-off-by: Shuah Khan <skhan@linuxfoundation.org>
> ---
> Changes since v1:
> -- Instead of changing when record happens, disable record
>    when CONFIG_PROVE_RAW_LOCK_NESTING=y
>
>  kernel/workqueue.c | 10 +++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/workqueue.c b/kernel/workqueue.c
> index f148eacda55a..435970ef81ae 100644
> --- a/kernel/workqueue.c
> +++ b/kernel/workqueue.c
> @@ -1328,8 +1328,16 @@ static void insert_work(struct pool_workqueue *pwq, struct work_struct *work,
>  {
>         struct worker_pool *pool = pwq->pool;
>
> -       /* record the work call stack in order to print it in KASAN reports */
> +       /*
> +        * record the work call stack in order to print it in KASAN reports
> +        * Doing this when CONFIG_PROVE_RAW_LOCK_NESTING is enabled results
> +        * in nesting raw spinlock with page allocation spinlock.
> +        *
> +        * Avoid recording when CONFIG_PROVE_RAW_LOCK_NESTING is enabled.
> +        */
> +#if !defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RAW_LOCK_NESTING)

Just "if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PROVE_RAW_LOCK_NESTING))" should work
here, however...

... PROVE_RAW_LOCK_NESTING exists for PREEMPT_RT's benefit. I don't
think silencing the debugging tool is the solution, because the bug
still exists in a PREEMPT_RT kernel.

+Cc Sebastian for advice. I may have missed something obvious. :-)

I have a suspicion that kasan_record_aux_stack() (via
stack_depot_save()) is generally unsound on PREEMPT_RT kernels,
because allocating memory cannot be done within raw-locked critical
sections because memory allocation is preemptible on RT. Even using
GWP_NOWAIT/ATOMIC doesn't help (which kasan_record_aux_stack() uses).

It follows that if we do not know what type of locks may be held when
calling kasan_record_aux_stack() we have a bug in RT.

I see 3 options:

1. Try to move kasan_record_aux_stack() where no raw lock is held.
(Seems complicated per v1 attempt?)

But ideally we make kasan_record_aux_stack() more robust on RT:

2. Make kasan_record_aux_stack() a no-op on RT (and if
PROVE_RAW_LOCK_NESTING). Perhaps overkill?

3. Try to not allocate memory in stackdepot. Not sure this is feasible
without telling stackdepot to preallocate the max slabs on boot if RT.

Anything else? Because I don't think any of the options are satisfying.

Thanks,
-- Marco

>         kasan_record_aux_stack(work);
> +#endif
>
>         /* we own @work, set data and link */
>         set_work_pwq(work, pwq, extra_flags);
> --
> 2.30.2
>

  reply	other threads:[~2021-09-02 21:58 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-09-02 20:01 Shuah Khan
2021-09-02 21:58 ` Marco Elver [this message]
2021-09-02 23:46   ` Shuah Khan
2021-09-06  7:12     ` Marco Elver
2021-09-06  9:33       ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior

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