LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org
help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
To: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Cc: Linux MM <linux-mm@kvack.org>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>,
	"Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>,
	Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>,
	Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>, Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Shuang Zhai <zhais@google.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/3] mm: free zapped tail pages when splitting isolated thp
Date: Sun, 8 Aug 2021 11:49:33 -0600	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAOUHufZdefs-QQnKb_8M_KCrUHB4qurB6ULGOy3vc8A_R3gFPA@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAHbLzkq4Bk2U8gEOum=uspwtjh=4ikoxdh7oJmyBLNvch8uvyA@mail.gmail.com>

On Wed, Aug 4, 2021 at 6:13 PM Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> On Fri, Jul 30, 2021 at 11:39 PM Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com> wrote:
> >
> > If a tail page has only two references left, one inherited from the
> > isolation of its head and the other from lru_add_page_tail() which we
> > are about to drop, it means this tail page was concurrently zapped.
> > Then we can safely free it and save page reclaim or migration the
> > trouble of trying it.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
> > Tested-by: Shuang Zhai <zhais@google.com>
> > ---
> >  include/linux/vm_event_item.h |  1 +
> >  mm/huge_memory.c              | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  mm/vmstat.c                   |  1 +
> >  3 files changed, 30 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/vm_event_item.h b/include/linux/vm_event_item.h
> > index ae0dd1948c2b..829eeac84094 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/vm_event_item.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/vm_event_item.h
> > @@ -99,6 +99,7 @@ enum vm_event_item { PGPGIN, PGPGOUT, PSWPIN, PSWPOUT,
> >  #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD
> >                 THP_SPLIT_PUD,
> >  #endif
> > +               THP_SPLIT_FREE,
> >                 THP_ZERO_PAGE_ALLOC,
> >                 THP_ZERO_PAGE_ALLOC_FAILED,
> >                 THP_SWPOUT,
> > diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
> > index d8b655856e79..5120478bca41 100644
> > --- a/mm/huge_memory.c
> > +++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
> > @@ -2432,6 +2432,8 @@ static void __split_huge_page(struct page *page, struct list_head *list,
> >         struct address_space *swap_cache = NULL;
> >         unsigned long offset = 0;
> >         unsigned int nr = thp_nr_pages(head);
> > +       LIST_HEAD(pages_to_free);
> > +       int nr_pages_to_free = 0;
> >         int i;
> >
> >         VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(list && PageLRU(head), head);
> > @@ -2506,6 +2508,25 @@ static void __split_huge_page(struct page *page, struct list_head *list,
> >                         continue;
> >                 unlock_page(subpage);
> >
> > +               /*
> > +                * If a tail page has only two references left, one inherited
> > +                * from the isolation of its head and the other from
> > +                * lru_add_page_tail() which we are about to drop, it means this
> > +                * tail page was concurrently zapped. Then we can safely free it
> > +                * and save page reclaim or migration the trouble of trying it.
> > +                */
> > +               if (list && page_ref_freeze(subpage, 2)) {
> > +                       VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(subpage), subpage);
> > +                       VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageCompound(subpage), subpage);
> > +                       VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapped(subpage), subpage);
> > +
> > +                       ClearPageActive(subpage);
> > +                       ClearPageUnevictable(subpage);
> > +                       list_move(&subpage->lru, &pages_to_free);
> > +                       nr_pages_to_free++;
> > +                       continue;
> > +               }
>
> Yes, such page could be freed instead of swapping out. But I'm
> wondering if we could have some simpler implementation. Since such
> pages will be re-added to page list, so we should be able to check
> their refcount in shrink_page_list(). If the refcount is 1, the
> refcount inc'ed by lru_add_page_tail() has been put by later
> put_page(), we know it is freed under us since the only refcount comes
> from isolation, we could just jump to "keep" (the label in
> shrink_page_list()), then such page will be freed later by
> shrink_inactive_list().
>
> For MADV_PAGEOUT, I think we could add some logic to handle such page
> after shrink_page_list(), just like what shrink_inactive_list() does.
>
> Migration already handles refcount == 1 page, so should not need any change.
>
> Is this idea feasible?

Yes, but then we would have to loop over the tail pages twice, here
and in shrink_page_list(), right?

In addition, if we try to freeze the refcount of a page in
shrink_page_list(), we couldn't be certain whether this page used to
be a tail page. So we would have to test every page. If a page wasn't
a tail page, it's unlikely for its refcount to drop unless there is a
race. But this patch isn't really intended to optimize such a race.
It's mainly for the next, i.e., we know there is a good chance to drop
tail pages (~10% on our systems). Sounds reasonable? Thanks.

> > +
> >                 /*
> >                  * Subpages may be freed if there wasn't any mapping
> >                  * like if add_to_swap() is running on a lru page that
> > @@ -2515,6 +2536,13 @@ static void __split_huge_page(struct page *page, struct list_head *list,
> >                  */
> >                 put_page(subpage);
> >         }
> > +
> > +       if (!nr_pages_to_free)
> > +               return;
> > +
> > +       mem_cgroup_uncharge_list(&pages_to_free);
> > +       free_unref_page_list(&pages_to_free);
> > +       count_vm_events(THP_SPLIT_FREE, nr_pages_to_free);
> >  }
> >
> >  int total_mapcount(struct page *page)
> > diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
> > index b0534e068166..f486e5d98d96 100644
> > --- a/mm/vmstat.c
> > +++ b/mm/vmstat.c
> > @@ -1300,6 +1300,7 @@ const char * const vmstat_text[] = {
> >  #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD
> >         "thp_split_pud",
> >  #endif
> > +       "thp_split_free",
> >         "thp_zero_page_alloc",
> >         "thp_zero_page_alloc_failed",
> >         "thp_swpout",
> > --
> > 2.32.0.554.ge1b32706d8-goog
> >

  reply	other threads:[~2021-08-08 17:49 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 21+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-31  6:39 [PATCH 0/3] mm: optimize thp for reclaim and migration Yu Zhao
2021-07-31  6:39 ` [PATCH 1/3] mm: don't take lru lock when splitting isolated thp Yu Zhao
2021-07-31  6:39 ` [PATCH 2/3] mm: free zapped tail pages " Yu Zhao
2021-08-04 14:22   ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-08-08 17:28     ` Yu Zhao
2021-08-05  0:13   ` Yang Shi
2021-08-08 17:49     ` Yu Zhao [this message]
2021-08-11 22:25       ` Yang Shi
2021-08-11 23:12         ` Yu Zhao
2021-08-13 23:24           ` Yang Shi
2021-08-13 23:56             ` Yu Zhao
2021-08-14  0:30               ` Yang Shi
2021-08-14  1:49                 ` Yu Zhao
2021-08-14  2:34                   ` Yang Shi
2021-07-31  6:39 ` [PATCH 3/3] mm: don't remap clean subpages " Yu Zhao
2021-07-31  9:53   ` kernel test robot
2021-07-31 15:45   ` kernel test robot
2021-08-03 11:25   ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-08-03 11:36   ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-08-08 17:21     ` Yu Zhao
2021-08-04 14:27   ` Kirill A. Shutemov

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=CAOUHufZdefs-QQnKb_8M_KCrUHB4qurB6ULGOy3vc8A_R3gFPA@mail.gmail.com \
    --to=yuzhao@google.com \
    --cc=akpm@linux-foundation.org \
    --cc=hughd@google.com \
    --cc=kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-mm@kvack.org \
    --cc=shy828301@gmail.com \
    --cc=vbabka@suse.cz \
    --cc=willy@infradead.org \
    --cc=zhais@google.com \
    --cc=ziy@nvidia.com \
    --subject='Re: [PATCH 2/3] mm: free zapped tail pages when splitting isolated thp' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).