LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org
help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Dexuan Cui <decui@microsoft.com>
To: KY Srinivasan <kys@microsoft.com>,
	Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: "devel@linuxdriverproject.org" <devel@linuxdriverproject.org>,
	"Haiyang Zhang" <haiyangz@microsoft.com>,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Subject: RE: [PATCH 0/4] Drivers: hv: Further protection for the rescind path
Date: Fri, 6 Feb 2015 14:53:32 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <F792CF86EFE20D4AB8064279AFBA51C61F33FA0A@HKNPRD3002MB017.064d.mgd.msft.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <BY2PR0301MB0711BA17F84E9293FB87FD09A03B0@BY2PR0301MB0711.namprd03.prod.outlook.com>

> -----Original Message-----
> From: KY Srinivasan
> Sent: Friday, February 6, 2015 6:47 AM
> To: Dexuan Cui; Vitaly Kuznetsov
> Cc: devel@linuxdriverproject.org; Haiyang Zhang; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> Jason Wang
> Subject: RE: [PATCH 0/4] Drivers: hv: Further protection for the rescind path
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Dexuan Cui
> > Sent: Thursday, February 5, 2015 4:45 AM
> > To: Vitaly Kuznetsov; KY Srinivasan
> > Cc: devel@linuxdriverproject.org; Haiyang Zhang; linux-
> > kernel@vger.kernel.org; Jason Wang
> > Subject: RE: [PATCH 0/4] Drivers: hv: Further protection for the rescind path
> >
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Vitaly Kuznetsov [mailto:vkuznets@redhat.com]
> > > Sent: Thursday, February 5, 2015 18:10 PM
> > > To: KY Srinivasan
> > > Cc: devel@linuxdriverproject.org; Haiyang Zhang;
> > > linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; Dexuan Cui; Jason Wang
> > > Subject: Re: [PATCH 0/4] Drivers: hv: Further protection for the
> > > rescind path
> > >
> > > KY Srinivasan <kys@microsoft.com> writes:
> > >
> > > >> -----Original Message-----
> > > >> From: Vitaly Kuznetsov [mailto:vkuznets@redhat.com]
> > > >> Sent: Tuesday, February 3, 2015 9:01 AM
> > > >> To: KY Srinivasan; devel@linuxdriverproject.org
> > > >> Cc: Haiyang Zhang; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; Dexuan Cui; Jason
> > > >> Wang
> > > >> Subject: [PATCH 0/4] Drivers: hv: Further protection for the
> > > >> rescind path
> > > >>
> > > >> This series is a continuation of the "Drivers: hv: vmbus: serialize
> > > >> Offer and Rescind offer". I'm trying to address a number of
> > > >> theoretically possible issues with rescind offer handling. All
> > > >> these complications come from the fact that a rescind offer results
> > > >> in vmbus channel being freed and we must ensure nobody still uses
> > > >> it. Instead of introducing new locks I suggest we switch channels usage
> > to the get/put workflow.
> > > >>
> > > >> The main part of the series is [PATCH 1/4] which introduces the
> > > >> workflow for vmbus channels, all other patches fix different corner
> > > >> cases using this workflow. I'm not sure all such cases are covered
> > > >> with this series (probably not), but in case protection is required
> > > >> in some other places it should become relatively easy to add one.
> > > >>
> > > >> I did some sanity testing with CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP=y and nothing
> > > >> popped out, however, additional testing would be much appreciated.
> > > >>
> > > >> K.Y., Haiyang, I'm not sending this series to netdev@ and
> > > >> linux-scsi@ as it is supposed to be applied as a whole, please
> > > >> resend these patches with your sign-offs when (and if) we're done with
> > reviews. Thanks!
> > > >
> > > > Vitaly,
> > > >
> > > > Thanks for looking into this issue. While today, rescind offer
> > > > results in the
> > > freeing of the channel, I don't think
> > > > that is required. By not freeing up the channel in the rescind path,
> > > > we can have
> > > a safe way to access the channel and
> > > > that does not have to involve taking a reference on the channel
> > > > every time you
> > > access it - the get/put workflow in your
> > > > patch set. As part of the network performance improvement work, I
> > > > had
> > > eliminated all locks in the receive path by setting
> > > > up per-cpu data structures for mapping the relid to channel etc.
> > > > These set of
> > > patches introduces locking/atomic operations
> > > > in performance critical code paths to deal with an event that is
> > > > truly rare - the channel getting rescinded.
> > >
> > > It is possible to eliminate all locks/atomic operations from
> > > performance critical pyth in my patch series by following Dexuan's
> > > suggestion - we'll get the channel in vmbus_open and put it in
> > > vmbus_close (and on processing offer/rescind offer) this won't affect
> > > performance. I'm in the middle of testing this approach.
> > >
> > > >
> > > > All channel messages are handled in a single work context:
> > > > vmbus_on_msg_dpc() -> vmbus_onmessage_work()-> Various channel
> > > messages [offer, rescind etc.]
> > This is true.
> >
> > > >
> > > > So, the rescind message cannot be processed while we are processing
> > > > the
> > > offer message and since an offer
> > > > cannot be rescinded before it is offered, offer and rescind are
> > > > naturally serialized (I think I have patchset in my queue
> > IMO this may not be true.
> > The cause is:
> > (I'm using the latest linux-next repo, which includes Vitaly's patch
> > "Drivers: hv: vmbus: serialize Offer and Rescind offer".)
> >
> > vmbus_onoffer_rescind() runs in vmbus_connection.work_queue, but
> > vmbus_process_offer() runs in the per-channel newchannel->controlwq, so
> > the two functions are not serialized, at least in theory.
> >
> > As a result, in vmbus_process_offer(): after the new channel is added into
> > vmbus_connection.chn_list, but before the channel is completely initialized
> > by us (we need to create a vmbus device and associate the device with the
> > channel -- this procedure could fail and we goto err_free_chan and free the
> > channel directly!),  vmbus_onoffer_rescind() can see the new channel, but
> > doesn't know the channel could be freed in another place at the same time.
> >
> > BTW, when vmbus_process_offer() -> vmbus_device_create() fails, we goto
> > err_free_chan without removing the new channel from
> > vmbus_connection.chn_list?
> >
> > As another result : in vmbus_process_offer(), in the case
> > vmbus_device_register() fails, we'll run "list_del(&newchannel->listentry)
> > and unlock  vmbus_connection.channel_lock" -- just after these 2 lines, at
> > this time,
> > vmbus_onoffer_rescind() -> relid2channel() can return NULL, and we'll miss
> > the rescind message, i.e., we fail to send the
> > CHANNELMSG_RELID_RELEASED message to the host.
> 
> This is the way the code is; but it does not have to be. Here is a patch that
> implements what I have
> been trying to describe. This is a rough proposal; there is additional (obvious)
> cleanup that I have not done.
> This is on top of the patches that have been submitted to Greg.
> 
> Signed-off-by: K. Y. Srinivasan <kys@microsoft.com>

Hi KY,
The patch is great!

It effectively removes the per-channel workqueue and uses the global
vmbus_connection.work_queue to implement natural serialization.
It simplifies all the things a lot!

Two small suggestions:

1) hv_process_device_removal() -> hv_process_channel_removal().

2) I think we can revert the patch "Drivers: hv: vmbus: serialize Offer and Rescind offer"
first and then this change will be smaller and clearer. :-)

-- Dexuan


> ---
>  drivers/hv/channel.c      |    8 +++++
>  drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c |   63 +++++++++++++-------------------------------
>  drivers/hv/hv_util.c      |    2 +-
>  drivers/hv/vmbus_drv.c    |   24 ++++++++++++-----
>  include/linux/hyperv.h    |    1 +
>  5 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 52 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/hv/channel.c b/drivers/hv/channel.c
> index bf0cf8f..4a21cd8 100644
> --- a/drivers/hv/channel.c
> +++ b/drivers/hv/channel.c
> @@ -501,6 +501,14 @@ static int vmbus_close_internal(struct vmbus_channel
> *channel)
>  put_cpu();
>  }
> 
> +/*
> + * If the channel has been rescinded; process device removal.
> + */
> +if (channel->rescind) {
> +hv_process_device_removal(channel);
> +return 0;
> +}
> +
>  /* Send a closing message */
> 
>  msg = &channel->close_msg.msg;
> diff --git a/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c b/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c
> index 0ba6b5c..a208256 100644
> --- a/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c
> +++ b/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c
> @@ -207,27 +207,11 @@ static void percpu_channel_deq(void *arg)
>  list_del(&channel->percpu_list);
>  }
> 
> -/*
> - * vmbus_process_rescind_offer -
> - * Rescind the offer by initiating a device removal
> - */
> -static void vmbus_process_rescind_offer(struct work_struct *work)
> +void hv_process_device_removal(struct vmbus_channel *channel)
>  {
> -struct vmbus_channel *channel = container_of(work,
> -     struct vmbus_channel,
> -     work);
> +struct vmbus_channel_relid_released msg;
>  unsigned long flags;
>  struct vmbus_channel *primary_channel;
> -struct vmbus_channel_relid_released msg;
> -struct device *dev;
> -
> -if (channel->device_obj) {
> -dev = get_device(&channel->device_obj->device);
> -if (dev) {
> -vmbus_device_unregister(channel->device_obj);
> -put_device(dev);
> -}
> -}
> 
>  memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(struct vmbus_channel_relid_released));
>  msg.child_relid = channel->offermsg.child_relid;
> @@ -256,6 +240,7 @@ static void vmbus_process_rescind_offer(struct
> work_struct *work)
>  free_channel(channel);
>  }
> 
> +
>  void vmbus_free_channels(void)
>  {
>  struct vmbus_channel *channel;
> @@ -270,11 +255,8 @@ void vmbus_free_channels(void)
>   * vmbus_process_offer - Process the offer by creating a channel/device
>   * associated with this offer
>   */
> -static void vmbus_process_offer(struct work_struct *work)
> +static void vmbus_process_offer(struct vmbus_channel *newchannel)
>  {
> -struct vmbus_channel *newchannel = container_of(work,
> -struct vmbus_channel,
> -work);
>  struct vmbus_channel *channel;
>  bool fnew = true;
>  bool enq = false;
> @@ -340,7 +322,7 @@ static void vmbus_process_offer(struct work_struct
> *work)
>  if (channel->sc_creation_callback != NULL)
>  channel->sc_creation_callback(newchannel);
> 
> -goto done_init_rescind;
> +goto done;
>  }
> 
>  goto err_free_chan;
> @@ -381,15 +363,10 @@ static void vmbus_process_offer(struct work_struct
> *work)
>  kfree(newchannel->device_obj);
>  goto err_free_chan;
>  }
> -done_init_rescind:
> -spin_lock_irqsave(&newchannel->lock, flags);
> -/* The next possible work is rescind handling */
> -INIT_WORK(&newchannel->work, vmbus_process_rescind_offer);
> -/* Check if rescind offer was already received */
> -if (newchannel->rescind)
> -queue_work(newchannel->controlwq, &newchannel->work);
> -spin_unlock_irqrestore(&newchannel->lock, flags);
> +
> +done:
>  return;
> +
>  err_free_chan:
>  free_channel(newchannel);
>  }
> @@ -515,8 +492,7 @@ static void vmbus_onoffer(struct
> vmbus_channel_message_header *hdr)
>  newchannel->monitor_grp = (u8)offer->monitorid / 32;
>  newchannel->monitor_bit = (u8)offer->monitorid % 32;
> 
> -INIT_WORK(&newchannel->work, vmbus_process_offer);
> -queue_work(newchannel->controlwq, &newchannel->work);
> +vmbus_process_offer(newchannel);
>  }
> 
>  /*
> @@ -529,6 +505,7 @@ static void vmbus_onoffer_rescind(struct
> vmbus_channel_message_header *hdr)
>  struct vmbus_channel_rescind_offer *rescind;
>  struct vmbus_channel *channel;
>  unsigned long flags;
> +struct device *dev;
> 
>  rescind = (struct vmbus_channel_rescind_offer *)hdr;
>  channel = relid2channel(rescind->child_relid);
> @@ -539,18 +516,16 @@ static void vmbus_onoffer_rescind(struct
> vmbus_channel_message_header *hdr)
> 
>  spin_lock_irqsave(&channel->lock, flags);
>  channel->rescind = true;
> -/*
> - * channel->work.func != vmbus_process_rescind_offer means we are still
> - * processing offer request and the rescind offer processing should be
> - * postponed. It will be done at the very end of vmbus_process_offer()
> - * as rescind flag is being checked there.
> - */
> -if (channel->work.func == vmbus_process_rescind_offer)
> -/* work is initialized for vmbus_process_rescind_offer() from
> - * vmbus_process_offer() where the channel got created */
> -queue_work(channel->controlwq, &channel->work);
> -
>  spin_unlock_irqrestore(&channel->lock, flags);
> +
> +if (channel->device_obj) {
> +dev = get_device(&channel->device_obj->device);
> +if (dev) {
> +vmbus_device_unregister(channel->device_obj);
> +put_device(dev);
> +}
> +}
> +
>  }
> 
>  /*
> diff --git a/drivers/hv/hv_util.c b/drivers/hv/hv_util.c
> index c5be773..7994ec2 100644
> --- a/drivers/hv/hv_util.c
> +++ b/drivers/hv/hv_util.c
> @@ -380,9 +380,9 @@ static int util_remove(struct hv_device *dev)
>  {
>  struct hv_util_service *srv = hv_get_drvdata(dev);
> 
> -vmbus_close(dev->channel);
>  if (srv->util_deinit)
>  srv->util_deinit();
> +vmbus_close(dev->channel);
>  kfree(srv->recv_buffer);
> 
>  return 0;
> diff --git a/drivers/hv/vmbus_drv.c b/drivers/hv/vmbus_drv.c
> index 3cd44ae..64627c4 100644
> --- a/drivers/hv/vmbus_drv.c
> +++ b/drivers/hv/vmbus_drv.c
> @@ -505,15 +505,25 @@ static int vmbus_probe(struct device *child_device)
>   */
>  static int vmbus_remove(struct device *child_device)
>  {
> -struct hv_driver *drv = drv_to_hv_drv(child_device->driver);
> +struct hv_driver *drv;
>  struct hv_device *dev = device_to_hv_device(child_device);
> 
> -if (drv->remove)
> -drv->remove(dev);
> -else
> -pr_err("remove not set for driver %s\n",
> -dev_name(child_device));
> -
> +if (child_device->driver) {
> +drv = drv_to_hv_drv(child_device->driver);
> +if (drv->remove) {
> +drv->remove(dev);
> +} else {
> +pr_err("remove not set for driver %s\n",
> +dev_name(child_device));
> +hv_process_device_removal(dev->channel);
> +}
> +} else {
> +/*
> + * We don't have a driver for this device; deal with the
> + * rescind message.
> + */
> +hv_process_device_removal(dev->channel);
> +}
>  return 0;
>  }
> 
> diff --git a/include/linux/hyperv.h b/include/linux/hyperv.h
> index b079abf..9658bfe 100644
> --- a/include/linux/hyperv.h
> +++ b/include/linux/hyperv.h
> @@ -1226,6 +1226,7 @@ void hv_kvp_onchannelcallback(void *);
>  int hv_vss_init(struct hv_util_service *);
>  void hv_vss_deinit(void);
>  void hv_vss_onchannelcallback(void *);
> +void hv_process_device_removal(struct vmbus_channel *channel);
> 
>  extern struct resource *hyperv_mmio;
> 
> --
> 1.7.4.1
> 


  reply	other threads:[~2015-02-06 14:53 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 20+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2015-02-03 17:00 Vitaly Kuznetsov
2015-02-03 17:00 ` [PATCH 1/4] Drivers: hv: vmbus: implement get/put usage workflow for vmbus channels Vitaly Kuznetsov
2015-02-04  8:18   ` Dexuan Cui
2015-02-04  9:32     ` Vitaly Kuznetsov
2015-02-04  9:54       ` Dexuan Cui
2015-02-04  9:14   ` Jason Wang
2015-02-04  9:33     ` Vitaly Kuznetsov
2015-02-03 17:00 ` [PATCH 2/4] Drivers: hv: vmbus: do not lose rescind offer on failure in vmbus_process_offer() Vitaly Kuznetsov
2015-02-04  7:42   ` Dexuan Cui
2015-02-03 17:00 ` [PATCH 3/4] Drivers: hv: vmbus: protect vmbus_get_outgoing_channel() against channel removal Vitaly Kuznetsov
2015-02-04  7:27   ` Dexuan Cui
2015-02-03 17:00 ` [PATCH 4/4] hyperv: netvsc: improve protection against rescind offer Vitaly Kuznetsov
2015-02-04  7:29   ` Dexuan Cui
2015-02-04 18:26 ` [PATCH 0/4] Drivers: hv: Further protection for the rescind path KY Srinivasan
2015-02-05 10:10   ` Vitaly Kuznetsov
2015-02-05 12:44     ` Dexuan Cui
2015-02-05 22:47       ` KY Srinivasan
2015-02-06 14:53         ` Dexuan Cui [this message]
2015-02-07 16:27           ` KY Srinivasan
2015-02-05 15:52     ` KY Srinivasan

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=F792CF86EFE20D4AB8064279AFBA51C61F33FA0A@HKNPRD3002MB017.064d.mgd.msft.net \
    --to=decui@microsoft.com \
    --cc=devel@linuxdriverproject.org \
    --cc=haiyangz@microsoft.com \
    --cc=jasowang@redhat.com \
    --cc=kys@microsoft.com \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=vkuznets@redhat.com \
    --subject='RE: [PATCH 0/4] Drivers: hv: Further protection for the rescind path' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).