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From: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
To: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Chris.Redpath@arm.com,
	dietmar.eggemann@arm.com, morten.rasmussen@arm.com,
	qperret@google.com, linux-pm@vger.kernel.org,
	stable@vger.kernel.org, peterz@infradead.org, rjw@rjwysocki.net,
	viresh.kumar@linaro.org, vincent.guittot@linaro.org,
	mingo@redhat.com, juri.lelli@redhat.com, rostedt@goodmis.org,
	segall@google.com, mgorman@suse.de, bristot@redhat.com,
	CCj.Yeh@mediatek.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 1/1] PM: EM: Increase energy calculation precision
Date: Tue, 20 Jul 2021 11:45:43 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <YPabR/dfllPVZbzu@kroah.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210720094153.31097-2-lukasz.luba@arm.com>

On Tue, Jul 20, 2021 at 10:41:53AM +0100, Lukasz Luba wrote:
> The Energy Model (EM) provides useful information about device power in
> each performance state to other subsystems like: Energy Aware Scheduler
> (EAS). The energy calculation in EAS does arithmetic operation based on
> the EM em_cpu_energy(). Current implementation of that function uses
> em_perf_state::cost as a pre-computed cost coefficient equal to:
> cost = power * max_frequency / frequency.
> The 'power' is expressed in milli-Watts (or in abstract scale).
> 
> There are corner cases when the EAS energy calculation for two Performance
> Domains (PDs) return the same value. The EAS compares these values to
> choose smaller one. It might happen that this values are equal due to
> rounding error. In such scenario, we need better resolution, e.g. 1000
> times better. To provide this possibility increase the resolution in the
> em_perf_state::cost for 64-bit architectures. The costs for increasing
> resolution in 32-bit architectures are pretty high (64-bit division) and
> the returns do not justify the increased costs.
> 
> This patch allows to avoid the rounding to milli-Watt errors, which might
> occur in EAS energy estimation for each Performance Domains (PD). The
> rounding error is common for small tasks which have small utilization
> value.
> 
> There are two places in the code where it makes a difference:
> 1. In the find_energy_efficient_cpu() where we are searching for
> best_delta. We might suffer there when two PDs return the same result,
> like in the example below.
> 
> Scenario:
> Low utilized system e.g. ~200 sum_util for PD0 and ~220 for PD1. There
> are quite a few small tasks ~10-15 util. These tasks would suffer for
> the rounding error. Such system utilization has been seen while playing
> some simple games. In such condition our partner reported 5..10mA less
> battery drain.
> 
> Some details:
> We have two Perf Domains (PDs): PD0 (big) and PD1 (little)
> Let's compare w/o patch set ('old') and w/ patch set ('new')
> We are comparing energy w/ task and w/o task placed in the PDs
> 
> a) 'old' w/o patch set, PD0
> task_util = 13
> cost = 480
> sum_util_w/o_task = 215
> sum_util_w_task = 228
> scale_cpu = 1024
> energy_w/o_task = 480 * 215 / 1024 = 100.78 => 100
> energy_w_task = 480 * 228 / 1024 = 106.87 => 106
> energy_diff = 106 - 100 = 6
> (this is equal to 'old' PD1's energy_diff in 'c)')
> 
> b) 'new' w/ patch set, PD0
> task_util = 13
> cost = 480 * 1000 = 480000
> sum_util_w/o_task = 215
> sum_util_w_task = 228
> energy_w/o_task = 480000 * 215 / 1024 = 100781
> energy_w_task = 480000 * 228 / 1024  = 106875
> energy_diff = 106875 - 100781 = 6094
> (this is not equal to 'new' PD1's energy_diff in 'd)')
> 
> c) 'old' w/o patch set, PD1
> task_util = 13
> cost = 160
> sum_util_w/o_task = 283
> sum_util_w_task = 293
> scale_cpu = 355
> energy_w/o_task = 160 * 283 / 355 = 127.55 => 127
> energy_w_task = 160 * 296 / 355 = 133.41 => 133
> energy_diff = 133 - 127 = 6
> (this is equal to 'old' PD0's energy_diff in 'a)')
> 
> d) 'new' w/ patch set, PD1
> task_util = 13
> cost = 160 * 1000 = 160000
> sum_util_w/o_task = 283
> sum_util_w_task = 293
> scale_cpu = 355
> energy_w/o_task = 160000 * 283 / 355 = 127549
> energy_w_task = 160000 * 296 / 355 =   133408
> energy_diff = 133408 - 127549 = 5859
> (this is not equal to 'new' PD0's energy_diff in 'b)')
> 
> 2. Difference in the the last find_energy_efficient_cpu(): margin filter.
> With this patch the margin comparison also has better resolution,
> so it's possible to have better task placement thanks to that.
> 
> Fixes: 27871f7a8a341ef ("PM: Introduce an Energy Model management framework")
> Reported-by: CCJ Yeh <CCj.Yeh@mediatek.com>
> Signed-off-by: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
> ---
>  include/linux/energy_model.h | 16 ++++++++++++++++
>  kernel/power/energy_model.c  |  3 ++-
>  2 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 

<formletter>

This is not the correct way to submit patches for inclusion in the
stable kernel tree.  Please read:
    https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/process/stable-kernel-rules.html
for how to do this properly.

</formletter>

  reply	other threads:[~2021-07-20  9:46 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 7+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-20  9:41 [PATCH v2 0/1] Improve EAS energy estimation and increase precision Lukasz Luba
2021-07-20  9:41 ` [PATCH v2 1/1] PM: EM: Increase energy calculation precision Lukasz Luba
2021-07-20  9:45   ` Greg KH [this message]
2021-07-20 10:18     ` Lukasz Luba
2021-08-02  6:21   ` Lukasz Luba
2021-08-03  9:44     ` Dietmar Eggemann
2021-08-03 10:08       ` Lukasz Luba

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