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From: Jaegeuk Kim <jaegeuk@kernel.org>
To: Chao Yu <chao@kernel.org>
Cc: linux-f2fs-devel@lists.sourceforge.net,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Chao Yu <chao.yu@linux.dev>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] f2fs: introduce nosmall_discard mount option
Date: Fri, 30 Jul 2021 11:28:06 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <YQREtmDLBNKSQViC@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210730100530.4401-1-chao@kernel.org>

On 07/30, Chao Yu wrote:
> As James Z reported in bugzilla:
> 
> https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=213877
> 
> [1.] One-line summary of the problem:
> Mount multiple SMR block devices exceed certain number cause system non-response
> 
> [2.] Full description of the problem/report:
> Created some F2FS on SMR devices (mkfs.f2fs -m), then mounted in sequence. Each device is the same Model: HGST HSH721414AL (Size 14TB).
> Empirically, found that when the amount of SMR device * 1.5Gb > System RAM, the system ran out of memory and hung. No dmesg output. For example, 24 SMR Disk need 24*1.5GB = 36GB. A system with 32G RAM can only mount 21 devices, the 22nd device will be a reproducible cause of system hang.
> The number of SMR devices with other FS mounted on this system does not interfere with the result above.
> 
> [3.] Keywords (i.e., modules, networking, kernel):
> F2FS, SMR, Memory
> 
> [4.] Kernel information
> [4.1.] Kernel version (uname -a):
> Linux 5.13.4-200.fc34.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue Jul 20 20:27:29 UTC 2021 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
> 
> [4.2.] Kernel .config file:
> Default Fedora 34 with f2fs-tools-1.14.0-2.fc34.x86_64
> 
> [5.] Most recent kernel version which did not have the bug:
> None
> 
> [6.] Output of Oops.. message (if applicable) with symbolic information
>      resolved (see Documentation/admin-guide/oops-tracing.rst)
> None
> 
> [7.] A small shell script or example program which triggers the
>      problem (if possible)
> mount /dev/sdX /mnt/0X
> 
> [8.] Memory consumption
> 
> With 24 * 14T SMR Block device with F2FS
> free -g
>               total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available
> Mem:             46          36           0           0          10          10
> Swap:             0           0           0
> 
> With 3 * 14T SMR Block device with F2FS
> free -g
>                total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available
> Mem:               7           5           0           0           1           1
> Swap:              7           0           7
> 
> The root cause is, there are three bitmaps:
> - cur_valid_map
> - ckpt_valid_map
> - discard_map
> and each of them will cost ~500MB memory, {cur, ckpt}_valid_map are
> necessary, but discard_map is optional, since this bitmap will only be
> useful in mountpoint that small discard is enabled.
> 
> For a blkzoned device such as SMR or ZNS devices, f2fs will only issue
> discard for a section(zone) when all blocks of that section are invalid,
> so, for such device, we don't need small discard functionality at all.
> 
> This patch introduces a new mountoption "nosmall_discard" to support
> disabling small discard functionality, note that the mountoption can not
> be removed by remount() due to related metadata should always be
> initialized during mount().
> 
> Signed-off-by: Chao Yu <chao@kernel.org>
> ---
>  Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst |  4 ++
>  fs/f2fs/f2fs.h                     |  3 ++
>  fs/f2fs/segment.c                  | 81 +++++++++++++++++++-----------
>  fs/f2fs/super.c                    | 17 ++++++-
>  4 files changed, 75 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst
> index ff9e7cc97c65..9ce32fd1c90f 100644
> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst
> @@ -312,6 +312,10 @@ inlinecrypt		 When possible, encrypt/decrypt the contents of encrypted
>  			 Documentation/block/inline-encryption.rst.
>  atgc			 Enable age-threshold garbage collection, it provides high
>  			 effectiveness and efficiency on background GC.
> +nosmall_discard		 Support to disable small discard, with this, filesystem will

how about adding "discard_gran=[small|segment|section]", and keeping discard_map
in the small case only? And, I think we should set the section mode for zoned
device automatically.

> +			 only issue discard aligned to segment or section in lfs mode,
> +			 it is useful for large sized SMR or ZNS devices to reduce
> +			 memory cost.
>  ======================== ============================================================
>  
>  Debugfs Entries
> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> index 5d16486feb8f..fb0ce582808f 100644
> --- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> +++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> @@ -99,6 +99,7 @@ extern const char *f2fs_fault_name[FAULT_MAX];
>  #define F2FS_MOUNT_MERGE_CHECKPOINT	0x10000000
>  #define	F2FS_MOUNT_GC_MERGE		0x20000000
>  #define F2FS_MOUNT_COMPRESS_CACHE	0x40000000
> +#define F2FS_MOUNT_NOSMALL_DISCARD	0x80000000
>  
>  #define F2FS_OPTION(sbi)	((sbi)->mount_opt)
>  #define clear_opt(sbi, option)	(F2FS_OPTION(sbi).opt &= ~F2FS_MOUNT_##option)
> @@ -302,6 +303,8 @@ struct discard_entry {
>  /* default discard granularity of inner discard thread, unit: block count */
>  #define DEFAULT_DISCARD_GRANULARITY		16
>  
> +#define SEGMENT_ALIGNED_DISCARD_GRANULARITY	512
> +
>  /* max discard pend list number */
>  #define MAX_PLIST_NUM		512
>  #define plist_idx(blk_num)	((blk_num) >= MAX_PLIST_NUM ?		\
> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/segment.c b/fs/f2fs/segment.c
> index f9b7fb785e1d..73b532601aef 100644
> --- a/fs/f2fs/segment.c
> +++ b/fs/f2fs/segment.c
> @@ -1871,6 +1871,7 @@ static int f2fs_issue_discard(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>  	unsigned int offset;
>  	block_t i;
>  	int err = 0;
> +	bool small_discard = !test_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD);
>  
>  	bdev = f2fs_target_device(sbi, blkstart, NULL);
>  
> @@ -1893,8 +1894,10 @@ static int f2fs_issue_discard(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>  		se = get_seg_entry(sbi, GET_SEGNO(sbi, i));
>  		offset = GET_BLKOFF_FROM_SEG0(sbi, i);
>  
> -		if (!f2fs_test_and_set_bit(offset, se->discard_map))
> -			sbi->discard_blks--;
> +		if (small_discard) {
> +			if (!f2fs_test_and_set_bit(offset, se->discard_map))
> +				sbi->discard_blks--;
> +		}
>  	}
>  
>  	if (len)
> @@ -1918,7 +1921,8 @@ static bool add_discard_addrs(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct cp_control *cpc,
>  	struct list_head *head = &SM_I(sbi)->dcc_info->entry_list;
>  	int i;
>  
> -	if (se->valid_blocks == max_blocks || !f2fs_hw_support_discard(sbi))
> +	if (se->valid_blocks == max_blocks || !f2fs_hw_support_discard(sbi) ||
> +			test_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD))
>  		return false;
>  
>  	if (!force) {
> @@ -2056,6 +2060,9 @@ void f2fs_clear_prefree_segments(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>  	}
>  	mutex_unlock(&dirty_i->seglist_lock);
>  
> +	if (test_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD))
> +		goto wakeup;
> +
>  	/* send small discards */
>  	list_for_each_entry_safe(entry, this, head, list) {
>  		unsigned int cur_pos = 0, next_pos, len, total_len = 0;
> @@ -2089,6 +2096,7 @@ void f2fs_clear_prefree_segments(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>  		dcc->nr_discards -= total_len;
>  	}
>  
> +wakeup:
>  	wake_up_discard_thread(sbi, false);
>  }
>  
> @@ -2108,6 +2116,9 @@ static int create_discard_cmd_control(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>  		return -ENOMEM;
>  
>  	dcc->discard_granularity = DEFAULT_DISCARD_GRANULARITY;
> +	if (test_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD))
> +		dcc->discard_granularity = SEGMENT_ALIGNED_DISCARD_GRANULARITY;
> +
>  	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dcc->entry_list);
>  	for (i = 0; i < MAX_PLIST_NUM; i++)
>  		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dcc->pend_list[i]);
> @@ -2255,8 +2266,10 @@ static void update_sit_entry(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, block_t blkaddr, int del)
>  			del = 0;
>  		}
>  
> -		if (!f2fs_test_and_set_bit(offset, se->discard_map))
> -			sbi->discard_blks--;
> +		if (!test_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD)) {
> +			if (!f2fs_test_and_set_bit(offset, se->discard_map))
> +				sbi->discard_blks--;
> +		}
>  
>  		/*
>  		 * SSR should never reuse block which is checkpointed
> @@ -2297,8 +2310,10 @@ static void update_sit_entry(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, block_t blkaddr, int del)
>  			}
>  		}
>  
> -		if (f2fs_test_and_clear_bit(offset, se->discard_map))
> -			sbi->discard_blks++;
> +		if (!test_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD)) {
> +			if (f2fs_test_and_clear_bit(offset, se->discard_map))
> +				sbi->discard_blks++;
> +		}
>  	}
>  	if (!f2fs_test_bit(offset, se->ckpt_valid_map))
>  		se->ckpt_valid_blocks += del;
> @@ -4282,6 +4297,7 @@ static int build_sit_info(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>  	unsigned int sit_segs, start;
>  	char *src_bitmap, *bitmap;
>  	unsigned int bitmap_size, main_bitmap_size, sit_bitmap_size;
> +	unsigned int discard_map = test_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD) ? 0 : 1;
>  
>  	/* allocate memory for SIT information */
>  	sit_i = f2fs_kzalloc(sbi, sizeof(struct sit_info), GFP_KERNEL);
> @@ -4304,9 +4320,9 @@ static int build_sit_info(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>  		return -ENOMEM;
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_CHECK_FS
> -	bitmap_size = MAIN_SEGS(sbi) * SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE * 4;
> +	bitmap_size = MAIN_SEGS(sbi) * SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE * (3 + discard_map);
>  #else
> -	bitmap_size = MAIN_SEGS(sbi) * SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE * 3;
> +	bitmap_size = MAIN_SEGS(sbi) * SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE * (2 + discard_map);
>  #endif
>  	sit_i->bitmap = f2fs_kvzalloc(sbi, bitmap_size, GFP_KERNEL);
>  	if (!sit_i->bitmap)
> @@ -4326,8 +4342,10 @@ static int build_sit_info(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>  		bitmap += SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE;
>  #endif
>  
> -		sit_i->sentries[start].discard_map = bitmap;
> -		bitmap += SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE;
> +		if (discard_map) {
> +			sit_i->sentries[start].discard_map = bitmap;
> +			bitmap += SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE;
> +		}
>  	}
>  
>  	sit_i->tmp_map = f2fs_kzalloc(sbi, SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
> @@ -4462,6 +4480,7 @@ static int build_sit_entries(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>  	unsigned int readed, start_blk = 0;
>  	int err = 0;
>  	block_t total_node_blocks = 0;
> +	bool small_discard = !test_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD);
>  
>  	do {
>  		readed = f2fs_ra_meta_pages(sbi, start_blk, BIO_MAX_VECS,
> @@ -4489,17 +4508,19 @@ static int build_sit_entries(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>  			if (IS_NODESEG(se->type))
>  				total_node_blocks += se->valid_blocks;
>  
> -			/* build discard map only one time */
> -			if (is_set_ckpt_flags(sbi, CP_TRIMMED_FLAG)) {
> -				memset(se->discard_map, 0xff,
> -					SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE);
> -			} else {
> -				memcpy(se->discard_map,
> -					se->cur_valid_map,
> -					SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE);
> -				sbi->discard_blks +=
> -					sbi->blocks_per_seg -
> -					se->valid_blocks;
> +			if (small_discard) {
> +				/* build discard map only one time */
> +				if (is_set_ckpt_flags(sbi, CP_TRIMMED_FLAG)) {
> +					memset(se->discard_map, 0xff,
> +						SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE);
> +				} else {
> +					memcpy(se->discard_map,
> +						se->cur_valid_map,
> +						SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE);
> +					sbi->discard_blks +=
> +						sbi->blocks_per_seg -
> +						se->valid_blocks;
> +				}
>  			}
>  
>  			if (__is_large_section(sbi))
> @@ -4535,13 +4556,15 @@ static int build_sit_entries(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>  		if (IS_NODESEG(se->type))
>  			total_node_blocks += se->valid_blocks;
>  
> -		if (is_set_ckpt_flags(sbi, CP_TRIMMED_FLAG)) {
> -			memset(se->discard_map, 0xff, SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE);
> -		} else {
> -			memcpy(se->discard_map, se->cur_valid_map,
> -						SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE);
> -			sbi->discard_blks += old_valid_blocks;
> -			sbi->discard_blks -= se->valid_blocks;
> +		if (small_discard) {
> +			if (is_set_ckpt_flags(sbi, CP_TRIMMED_FLAG)) {
> +				memset(se->discard_map, 0xff, SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE);
> +			} else {
> +				memcpy(se->discard_map, se->cur_valid_map,
> +							SIT_VBLOCK_MAP_SIZE);
> +				sbi->discard_blks += old_valid_blocks;
> +				sbi->discard_blks -= se->valid_blocks;
> +			}
>  		}
>  
>  		if (__is_large_section(sbi)) {
> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/super.c b/fs/f2fs/super.c
> index 18c1ffb8710e..98f0a84d1b1f 100644
> --- a/fs/f2fs/super.c
> +++ b/fs/f2fs/super.c
> @@ -155,6 +155,7 @@ enum {
>  	Opt_atgc,
>  	Opt_gc_merge,
>  	Opt_nogc_merge,
> +	Opt_nosmall_discard,
>  	Opt_err,
>  };
>  
> @@ -231,6 +232,7 @@ static match_table_t f2fs_tokens = {
>  	{Opt_atgc, "atgc"},
>  	{Opt_gc_merge, "gc_merge"},
>  	{Opt_nogc_merge, "nogc_merge"},
> +	{Opt_nosmall_discard, "nosmall_discard"},
>  	{Opt_err, NULL},
>  };
>  
> @@ -1173,6 +1175,9 @@ static int parse_options(struct super_block *sb, char *options, bool is_remount)
>  		case Opt_nogc_merge:
>  			clear_opt(sbi, GC_MERGE);
>  			break;
> +		case Opt_nosmall_discard:
> +			set_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD);
> +			break;
>  		default:
>  			f2fs_err(sbi, "Unrecognized mount option \"%s\" or missing value",
>  				 p);
> @@ -1925,6 +1930,8 @@ static int f2fs_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root)
>  
>  	if (test_opt(sbi, ATGC))
>  		seq_puts(seq, ",atgc");
> +	if (test_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD))
> +		seq_puts(seq, ",nosmall_discard");
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> @@ -2066,6 +2073,7 @@ static int f2fs_remount(struct super_block *sb, int *flags, char *data)
>  	bool no_io_align = !F2FS_IO_ALIGNED(sbi);
>  	bool no_atgc = !test_opt(sbi, ATGC);
>  	bool no_compress_cache = !test_opt(sbi, COMPRESS_CACHE);
> +	bool small_discard = !test_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD);
>  #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
>  	int i, j;
>  #endif
> @@ -2166,6 +2174,12 @@ static int f2fs_remount(struct super_block *sb, int *flags, char *data)
>  		goto restore_opts;
>  	}
>  
> +	if (small_discard == !!test_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD)) {
> +		err = -EINVAL;
> +		f2fs_warn(sbi, "switch nosmall_discard option is not allowed");
> +		goto restore_opts;
> +	}
> +
>  	if ((*flags & SB_RDONLY) && test_opt(sbi, DISABLE_CHECKPOINT)) {
>  		err = -EINVAL;
>  		f2fs_warn(sbi, "disabling checkpoint not compatible with read-only");
> @@ -3779,7 +3793,8 @@ static void f2fs_tuning_parameters(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>  	/* adjust parameters according to the volume size */
>  	if (sm_i->main_segments <= SMALL_VOLUME_SEGMENTS) {
>  		F2FS_OPTION(sbi).alloc_mode = ALLOC_MODE_REUSE;
> -		sm_i->dcc_info->discard_granularity = 1;
> +		if (!test_opt(sbi, NOSMALL_DISCARD))
> +			sm_i->dcc_info->discard_granularity = 1;
>  		sm_i->ipu_policy = 1 << F2FS_IPU_FORCE;
>  	}
>  
> -- 
> 2.22.1

  reply	other threads:[~2021-07-30 18:32 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 8+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-30 10:05 Chao Yu
2021-07-30 18:28 ` Jaegeuk Kim [this message]
2021-07-30 23:41   ` Chao Yu
2021-07-30 23:48     ` [f2fs-dev] " Chao Yu
2021-07-31  0:42       ` Jaegeuk Kim
2021-07-31  0:48         ` Chao Yu
2021-08-04 13:52 ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-08-05  1:22   ` Chao Yu

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