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* [PATCH v2] KVM: SVM: improve the code readability for ASID management
@ 2021-08-02 18:09 Mingwei Zhang
  2021-08-03  7:22 ` Paolo Bonzini
  2021-08-03 16:50 ` Sean Christopherson
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Mingwei Zhang @ 2021-08-02 18:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Paolo Bonzini
  Cc: Sean Christopherson, Vitaly Kuznetsov, Wanpeng Li, Jim Mattson,
	Joerg Roedel, kvm, linux-kernel, Mingwei Zhang, Tom Lendacky,
	Marc Orr, David Rientjes, Alper Gun, Dionna Glaze, Vipin Sharma,
	Peter Gonda

KVM SEV code uses bitmaps to manage ASID states. ASID 0 was always skipped
because it is never used by VM. Thus, in existing code, ASID value and its
bitmap postion always has an 'offset-by-1' relationship.

Both SEV and SEV-ES shares the ASID space, thus KVM uses a dynamic range
[min_asid, max_asid] to handle SEV and SEV-ES ASIDs separately.

Existing code mixes the usage of ASID value and its bitmap position by
using the same variable called 'min_asid'.

Fix the min_asid usage: ensure that its usage is consistent with its name;
allocate extra size for ASID 0 to ensure that each ASID has the same value
with its bitmap position. Add comments on ASID bitmap allocation to clarify
the size change.

v1 -> v2:
 - change ASID bitmap size to incorporate ASID 0 [sean]
 - remove the 'fixes' line in commit message. [sean/joerg]

Signed-off-by: Mingwei Zhang <mizhang@google.com>
Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: Marc Orr <marcorr@google.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Alper Gun <alpergun@google.com>
Cc: Dionna Glaze <dionnaglaze@google.com>
Cc: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
Cc: Vipin Sharma <vipinsh@google.com>
Cc: Peter Gonda <pgonda@google.com>
Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>
---
 arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c | 36 +++++++++++++++++++++---------------
 1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
index 8d36f0c73071..42d46c30f313 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
@@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(sev_bitmap_lock);
 unsigned int max_sev_asid;
 static unsigned int min_sev_asid;
 static unsigned long sev_me_mask;
+static unsigned int nr_asids;
 static unsigned long *sev_asid_bitmap;
 static unsigned long *sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap;
 
@@ -77,11 +78,11 @@ struct enc_region {
 /* Called with the sev_bitmap_lock held, or on shutdown  */
 static int sev_flush_asids(int min_asid, int max_asid)
 {
-	int ret, pos, error = 0;
+	int ret, asid, error = 0;
 
 	/* Check if there are any ASIDs to reclaim before performing a flush */
-	pos = find_next_bit(sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap, max_asid, min_asid);
-	if (pos >= max_asid)
+	asid = find_next_bit(sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap, nr_asids, min_asid);
+	if (asid > max_asid)
 		return -EBUSY;
 
 	/*
@@ -114,15 +115,15 @@ static bool __sev_recycle_asids(int min_asid, int max_asid)
 
 	/* The flush process will flush all reclaimable SEV and SEV-ES ASIDs */
 	bitmap_xor(sev_asid_bitmap, sev_asid_bitmap, sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap,
-		   max_sev_asid);
-	bitmap_zero(sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap, max_sev_asid);
+		   nr_asids);
+	bitmap_zero(sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap, nr_asids);
 
 	return true;
 }
 
 static int sev_asid_new(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)
 {
-	int pos, min_asid, max_asid, ret;
+	int asid, min_asid, max_asid, ret;
 	bool retry = true;
 	enum misc_res_type type;
 
@@ -142,11 +143,11 @@ static int sev_asid_new(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)
 	 * SEV-enabled guests must use asid from min_sev_asid to max_sev_asid.
 	 * SEV-ES-enabled guest can use from 1 to min_sev_asid - 1.
 	 */
-	min_asid = sev->es_active ? 0 : min_sev_asid - 1;
+	min_asid = sev->es_active ? 1 : min_sev_asid;
 	max_asid = sev->es_active ? min_sev_asid - 1 : max_sev_asid;
 again:
-	pos = find_next_zero_bit(sev_asid_bitmap, max_sev_asid, min_asid);
-	if (pos >= max_asid) {
+	asid = find_next_zero_bit(sev_asid_bitmap, max_sev_asid, min_asid);
+	if (asid > max_asid) {
 		if (retry && __sev_recycle_asids(min_asid, max_asid)) {
 			retry = false;
 			goto again;
@@ -156,11 +157,11 @@ static int sev_asid_new(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)
 		goto e_uncharge;
 	}
 
-	__set_bit(pos, sev_asid_bitmap);
+	__set_bit(asid, sev_asid_bitmap);
 
 	mutex_unlock(&sev_bitmap_lock);
 
-	return pos + 1;
+	return asid;
 e_uncharge:
 	misc_cg_uncharge(type, sev->misc_cg, 1);
 	put_misc_cg(sev->misc_cg);
@@ -1854,12 +1855,17 @@ void __init sev_hardware_setup(void)
 	min_sev_asid = edx;
 	sev_me_mask = 1UL << (ebx & 0x3f);
 
-	/* Initialize SEV ASID bitmaps */
-	sev_asid_bitmap = bitmap_zalloc(max_sev_asid, GFP_KERNEL);
+	/*
+	 * Initialize SEV ASID bitmaps. Allocate space for ASID 0 in the bitmap,
+	 * even though it's never used, so that the bitmap is indexed by the
+	 * actual ASID.
+	 */
+	nr_asids = max_sev_asid + 1;
+	sev_asid_bitmap = bitmap_zalloc(nr_asids, GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!sev_asid_bitmap)
 		goto out;
 
-	sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap = bitmap_zalloc(max_sev_asid, GFP_KERNEL);
+	sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap = bitmap_zalloc(nr_asids, GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap) {
 		bitmap_free(sev_asid_bitmap);
 		sev_asid_bitmap = NULL;
@@ -1904,7 +1910,7 @@ void sev_hardware_teardown(void)
 		return;
 
 	/* No need to take sev_bitmap_lock, all VMs have been destroyed. */
-	sev_flush_asids(0, max_sev_asid);
+	sev_flush_asids(1, max_sev_asid);
 
 	bitmap_free(sev_asid_bitmap);
 	bitmap_free(sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap);
-- 
2.32.0.554.ge1b32706d8-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] KVM: SVM: improve the code readability for ASID management
  2021-08-02 18:09 [PATCH v2] KVM: SVM: improve the code readability for ASID management Mingwei Zhang
@ 2021-08-03  7:22 ` Paolo Bonzini
  2021-08-03 16:50 ` Sean Christopherson
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Paolo Bonzini @ 2021-08-03  7:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mingwei Zhang
  Cc: Sean Christopherson, Vitaly Kuznetsov, Wanpeng Li, Jim Mattson,
	Joerg Roedel, kvm, linux-kernel, Tom Lendacky, Marc Orr,
	David Rientjes, Alper Gun, Dionna Glaze, Vipin Sharma,
	Peter Gonda

On 02/08/21 20:09, Mingwei Zhang wrote:
> KVM SEV code uses bitmaps to manage ASID states. ASID 0 was always skipped
> because it is never used by VM. Thus, in existing code, ASID value and its
> bitmap postion always has an 'offset-by-1' relationship.
> 
> Both SEV and SEV-ES shares the ASID space, thus KVM uses a dynamic range
> [min_asid, max_asid] to handle SEV and SEV-ES ASIDs separately.
> 
> Existing code mixes the usage of ASID value and its bitmap position by
> using the same variable called 'min_asid'.
> 
> Fix the min_asid usage: ensure that its usage is consistent with its name;
> allocate extra size for ASID 0 to ensure that each ASID has the same value
> with its bitmap position. Add comments on ASID bitmap allocation to clarify
> the size change.
> 
> v1 -> v2:
>   - change ASID bitmap size to incorporate ASID 0 [sean]
>   - remove the 'fixes' line in commit message. [sean/joerg]
> 
> Signed-off-by: Mingwei Zhang <mizhang@google.com>
> Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
> Cc: Marc Orr <marcorr@google.com>
> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
> Cc: Alper Gun <alpergun@google.com>
> Cc: Dionna Glaze <dionnaglaze@google.com>
> Cc: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
> Cc: Vipin Sharma <vipinsh@google.com>
> Cc: Peter Gonda <pgonda@google.com>
> Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>
> ---
>   arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c | 36 +++++++++++++++++++++---------------
>   1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
> index 8d36f0c73071..42d46c30f313 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
> @@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(sev_bitmap_lock);
>   unsigned int max_sev_asid;
>   static unsigned int min_sev_asid;
>   static unsigned long sev_me_mask;
> +static unsigned int nr_asids;
>   static unsigned long *sev_asid_bitmap;
>   static unsigned long *sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap;
>   
> @@ -77,11 +78,11 @@ struct enc_region {
>   /* Called with the sev_bitmap_lock held, or on shutdown  */
>   static int sev_flush_asids(int min_asid, int max_asid)
>   {
> -	int ret, pos, error = 0;
> +	int ret, asid, error = 0;
>   
>   	/* Check if there are any ASIDs to reclaim before performing a flush */
> -	pos = find_next_bit(sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap, max_asid, min_asid);
> -	if (pos >= max_asid)
> +	asid = find_next_bit(sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap, nr_asids, min_asid);
> +	if (asid > max_asid)
>   		return -EBUSY;
>   
>   	/*
> @@ -114,15 +115,15 @@ static bool __sev_recycle_asids(int min_asid, int max_asid)
>   
>   	/* The flush process will flush all reclaimable SEV and SEV-ES ASIDs */
>   	bitmap_xor(sev_asid_bitmap, sev_asid_bitmap, sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap,
> -		   max_sev_asid);
> -	bitmap_zero(sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap, max_sev_asid);
> +		   nr_asids);
> +	bitmap_zero(sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap, nr_asids);
>   
>   	return true;
>   }
>   
>   static int sev_asid_new(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)
>   {
> -	int pos, min_asid, max_asid, ret;
> +	int asid, min_asid, max_asid, ret;
>   	bool retry = true;
>   	enum misc_res_type type;
>   
> @@ -142,11 +143,11 @@ static int sev_asid_new(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)
>   	 * SEV-enabled guests must use asid from min_sev_asid to max_sev_asid.
>   	 * SEV-ES-enabled guest can use from 1 to min_sev_asid - 1.
>   	 */
> -	min_asid = sev->es_active ? 0 : min_sev_asid - 1;
> +	min_asid = sev->es_active ? 1 : min_sev_asid;
>   	max_asid = sev->es_active ? min_sev_asid - 1 : max_sev_asid;
>   again:
> -	pos = find_next_zero_bit(sev_asid_bitmap, max_sev_asid, min_asid);
> -	if (pos >= max_asid) {
> +	asid = find_next_zero_bit(sev_asid_bitmap, max_sev_asid, min_asid);
> +	if (asid > max_asid) {
>   		if (retry && __sev_recycle_asids(min_asid, max_asid)) {
>   			retry = false;
>   			goto again;
> @@ -156,11 +157,11 @@ static int sev_asid_new(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)
>   		goto e_uncharge;
>   	}
>   
> -	__set_bit(pos, sev_asid_bitmap);
> +	__set_bit(asid, sev_asid_bitmap);
>   
>   	mutex_unlock(&sev_bitmap_lock);
>   
> -	return pos + 1;
> +	return asid;
>   e_uncharge:
>   	misc_cg_uncharge(type, sev->misc_cg, 1);
>   	put_misc_cg(sev->misc_cg);
> @@ -1854,12 +1855,17 @@ void __init sev_hardware_setup(void)
>   	min_sev_asid = edx;
>   	sev_me_mask = 1UL << (ebx & 0x3f);
>   
> -	/* Initialize SEV ASID bitmaps */
> -	sev_asid_bitmap = bitmap_zalloc(max_sev_asid, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	/*
> +	 * Initialize SEV ASID bitmaps. Allocate space for ASID 0 in the bitmap,
> +	 * even though it's never used, so that the bitmap is indexed by the
> +	 * actual ASID.
> +	 */
> +	nr_asids = max_sev_asid + 1;
> +	sev_asid_bitmap = bitmap_zalloc(nr_asids, GFP_KERNEL);
>   	if (!sev_asid_bitmap)
>   		goto out;
>   
> -	sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap = bitmap_zalloc(max_sev_asid, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap = bitmap_zalloc(nr_asids, GFP_KERNEL);
>   	if (!sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap) {
>   		bitmap_free(sev_asid_bitmap);
>   		sev_asid_bitmap = NULL;
> @@ -1904,7 +1910,7 @@ void sev_hardware_teardown(void)
>   		return;
>   
>   	/* No need to take sev_bitmap_lock, all VMs have been destroyed. */
> -	sev_flush_asids(0, max_sev_asid);
> +	sev_flush_asids(1, max_sev_asid);
>   
>   	bitmap_free(sev_asid_bitmap);
>   	bitmap_free(sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap);
> 

Queued, thanks.

Paolo


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] KVM: SVM: improve the code readability for ASID management
  2021-08-02 18:09 [PATCH v2] KVM: SVM: improve the code readability for ASID management Mingwei Zhang
  2021-08-03  7:22 ` Paolo Bonzini
@ 2021-08-03 16:50 ` Sean Christopherson
  2021-08-04 10:53   ` Paolo Bonzini
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Sean Christopherson @ 2021-08-03 16:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mingwei Zhang
  Cc: Paolo Bonzini, Vitaly Kuznetsov, Wanpeng Li, Jim Mattson,
	Joerg Roedel, kvm, linux-kernel, Tom Lendacky, Marc Orr,
	David Rientjes, Alper Gun, Dionna Glaze, Vipin Sharma,
	Peter Gonda, Brijesh Singh

+Tom and Brijesh

On Mon, Aug 02, 2021, Mingwei Zhang wrote:
> KVM SEV code uses bitmaps to manage ASID states. ASID 0 was always skipped
> because it is never used by VM. Thus, in existing code, ASID value and its
> bitmap postion always has an 'offset-by-1' relationship.
> 
> Both SEV and SEV-ES shares the ASID space, thus KVM uses a dynamic range
> [min_asid, max_asid] to handle SEV and SEV-ES ASIDs separately.
> 
> Existing code mixes the usage of ASID value and its bitmap position by
> using the same variable called 'min_asid'.
> 
> Fix the min_asid usage: ensure that its usage is consistent with its name;
> allocate extra size for ASID 0 to ensure that each ASID has the same value
> with its bitmap position. Add comments on ASID bitmap allocation to clarify
> the size change.
> 
> v1 -> v2:
>  - change ASID bitmap size to incorporate ASID 0 [sean]
>  - remove the 'fixes' line in commit message. [sean/joerg]
> 
> Signed-off-by: Mingwei Zhang <mizhang@google.com>
> Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
> Cc: Marc Orr <marcorr@google.com>
> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
> Cc: Alper Gun <alpergun@google.com>
> Cc: Dionna Glaze <dionnaglaze@google.com>
> Cc: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
> Cc: Vipin Sharma <vipinsh@google.com>
> Cc: Peter Gonda <pgonda@google.com>
> Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>
> ---

...

> @@ -156,11 +157,11 @@ static int sev_asid_new(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)
>  		goto e_uncharge;
>  	}
>  
> -	__set_bit(pos, sev_asid_bitmap);
> +	__set_bit(asid, sev_asid_bitmap);


This patch missed sev_asid_free(). 

And on a very related topic, I'm pretty sure the VMCB+ASID invalidation logic
indexes sev_vmcbs incorrectly.  pre_sev_run() indexes sev_vmcbs by the ASID,
whereas sev_asid_free() indexes by ASID-1, i.e. on free KVM nullifies the wrong
sev_vmcb entry.  sev_cpu_init() allocates for max_sev_asid+1, so indexing by
ASID appears to be the intended behavior.  That code is also a good candidate for
conversion to nr_asids in this patch.

For the sev_vmcbs bug:

From 78c334121adaa51a2a84942ec65dceefd3752590 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
Date: Tue, 3 Aug 2021 09:27:46 -0700
Subject: [PATCH] KVM: SVM: Fix off-by-one indexing when nullifying last used
 SEV VMCB

Use the raw ASID, not ASID-1, when nullifying the last used VMCB when
freeing an SEV ASID.  The consumer, pre_sev_run(), indexes the array by
the raw ASID, thus KVM could get a false negative when checking for a
different VMCB if KVM manages to reallocate the same ASID+VMCB combo for
a new VM.

Note, this cannot cause a functional issue _in the current code_, as
pre_sev_run() also checks which pCPU last did VMRUN for the vCPU, and
last_vmentry_cpu is initialized to -1 during vCPU creation, i.e. is
guaranteed to mismatch on the first VMRUN.  However, prior to commit
8a14fe4f0c54 ("kvm: x86: Move last_cpu into kvm_vcpu_arch as
last_vmentry_cpu"), SVM tracked pCPU on its own and zero-initialized the
last_cpu variable.  Thus it's theoretically possible that older versions
of KVM could miss a TLB flush if the first VMRUN is on pCPU0 and the ASID
and VMCB exactly match those of a prior VM.

Fixes: 70cd94e60c73 ("KVM: SVM: VMRUN should use associated ASID when SEV is enabled")
Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
---
 arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
index 9f1585f40c85..f4f5d554eaaa 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
@@ -189,7 +189,7 @@ static void sev_asid_free(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)

 	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
 		sd = per_cpu(svm_data, cpu);
-		sd->sev_vmcbs[pos] = NULL;
+		sd->sev_vmcbs[sev->asid] = NULL;
 	}

 	mutex_unlock(&sev_bitmap_lock);
--
2.32.0.554.ge1b32706d8-goog

And fixup for this patch:


diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
index f3df1eba0c72..416ae0b687fc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
@@ -180,13 +180,12 @@ static int sev_get_asid(struct kvm *kvm)
 static void sev_asid_free(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)
 {
 	struct svm_cpu_data *sd;
-	int cpu, pos;
+	int cpu;
 	enum misc_res_type type;
 
 	mutex_lock(&sev_bitmap_lock);
 
-	pos = sev->asid - 1;
-	__set_bit(pos, sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap);
+	__set_bit(sev->asid, sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap);
 
 	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
 		sd = per_cpu(svm_data, cpu);
@@ -1928,7 +1927,7 @@ int sev_cpu_init(struct svm_cpu_data *sd)
 	if (!sev_enabled)
 		return 0;
 
-	sd->sev_vmcbs = kcalloc(max_sev_asid + 1, sizeof(void *), GFP_KERNEL);
+	sd->sev_vmcbs = kcalloc(nr_asids, sizeof(void *), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!sd->sev_vmcbs)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
--

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] KVM: SVM: improve the code readability for ASID management
  2021-08-03 16:50 ` Sean Christopherson
@ 2021-08-04 10:53   ` Paolo Bonzini
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Paolo Bonzini @ 2021-08-04 10:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Sean Christopherson, Mingwei Zhang
  Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov, Wanpeng Li, Jim Mattson, Joerg Roedel, kvm,
	linux-kernel, Tom Lendacky, Marc Orr, David Rientjes, Alper Gun,
	Dionna Glaze, Vipin Sharma, Peter Gonda, Brijesh Singh

On 03/08/21 18:50, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> This patch missed sev_asid_free().
> 
> And on a very related topic, I'm pretty sure the VMCB+ASID invalidation logic
> indexes sev_vmcbs incorrectly.  pre_sev_run() indexes sev_vmcbs by the ASID,
> whereas sev_asid_free() indexes by ASID-1, i.e. on free KVM nullifies the wrong
> sev_vmcb entry.  sev_cpu_init() allocates for max_sev_asid+1, so indexing by
> ASID appears to be the intended behavior.  That code is also a good candidate for
> conversion to nr_asids in this patch.

It's also missing this (off by one for SEV guests, pointless extra work for
SEV-ES):

index da5b9515a47b..7fbce342eec4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
@@ -147,7 +147,7 @@ static int sev_asid_new(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)
  	min_asid = sev->es_active ? 1 : min_sev_asid;
  	max_asid = sev->es_active ? min_sev_asid - 1 : max_sev_asid;
  again:
-	asid = find_next_zero_bit(sev_asid_bitmap, max_sev_asid, min_asid);
+	asid = find_next_zero_bit(sev_asid_bitmap, max_asid + 1, min_asid);
  	if (asid > max_asid) {
  		if (retry && __sev_recycle_asids(min_asid, max_asid)) {
  			retry = false;


Queued both Mingwei's patch and yours, thanks (to 5.14-rc in order to avoid conflicts).

Paolo


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

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Thread overview: 4+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
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2021-08-02 18:09 [PATCH v2] KVM: SVM: improve the code readability for ASID management Mingwei Zhang
2021-08-03  7:22 ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-08-03 16:50 ` Sean Christopherson
2021-08-04 10:53   ` Paolo Bonzini

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