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From: zhenwei pi <pizhenwei@bytedance.com>
To: Maxim Levitsky <mlevitsk@redhat.com>,
	Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	Kele Huang <huangkele@bytedance.com>
Cc: chaiwen.cc@bytedance.com, xieyongji@bytedance.com,
	dengliang.1214@bytedance.com, wanpengli@tencent.com,
	seanjc@google.com, Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>,
	Jim Mattson <jmattson@google.com>, Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	x86@kernel.org, "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: Re: [RFC] KVM: x86: SVM: don't expose PV_SEND_IPI feature with AVIC
Date: Mon, 8 Nov 2021 19:14:49 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <ad6b3ef5-4928-681c-a0cf-5a1095654566@bytedance.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <f93612f54a5cde53fd9342f703ccbaf3c9edbc9c.camel@redhat.com>

On 11/8/21 7:08 PM, Maxim Levitsky wrote:
> On Mon, 2021-11-08 at 11:30 +0100, Paolo Bonzini wrote:
>> On 11/8/21 10:59, Kele Huang wrote:
>>> Currently, AVIC is disabled if x2apic feature is exposed to guest
>>> or in-kernel PIT is in re-injection mode.
>>>
>>> We can enable AVIC with options:
>>>
>>>     Kmod args:
>>>     modprobe kvm_amd avic=1 nested=0 npt=1
>>>     QEMU args:
>>>     ... -cpu host,-x2apic -global kvm-pit.lost_tick_policy=discard ...
>>>
>>> When LAPIC works in xapic mode, both AVIC and PV_SEND_IPI feature
>>> can accelerate IPI operations for guest. However, the relationship
>>> between AVIC and PV_SEND_IPI feature is not sorted out.
>>>
>>> In logical, AVIC accelerates most of frequently IPI operations
>>> without VMM intervention, while the re-hooking of apic->send_IPI_xxx
>>> from PV_SEND_IPI feature masks out it. People can get confused
>>> if AVIC is enabled while getting lots of hypercall kvm_exits
>>> from IPI.
>>>
>>> In performance, benchmark tool
>>> https://lore.kernel.org/kvm/20171219085010.4081-1-ynorov@caviumnetworks.com/
>>> shows below results:
>>>
>>>     Test env:
>>>     CPU: AMD EPYC 7742 64-Core Processor
>>>     2 vCPUs pinned 1:1
>>>     idle=poll
>>>
>>>     Test result (average ns per IPI of lots of running):
>>>     PV_SEND_IPI 	: 1860
>>>     AVIC 		: 1390
>>>
>>> Besides, disscussions in https://lkml.org/lkml/2021/10/20/423
>>> do have some solid performance test results to this.
>>>
>>> This patch fixes this by masking out PV_SEND_IPI feature when
>>> AVIC is enabled in setting up of guest vCPUs' CPUID.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Kele Huang <huangkele@bytedance.com>
>>
>> AVIC can change across migration.  I think we should instead use a new
>> KVM_HINTS_* bit (KVM_HINTS_ACCELERATED_LAPIC or something like that).
>> The KVM_HINTS_* bits are intended to be changeable across migration,
>> even though we don't have for now anything equivalent to the Hyper-V
>> reenlightenment interrupt.
> 
> Note that the same issue exists with HyperV. It also has PV APIC,
> which is harmful when AVIC is enabled (that is guest uses it instead
> of using AVIC, negating AVIC benefits).
> 
> Also note that Intel recently posted IPI virtualizaion, which
> will make this issue relevant to APICv too soon.
> 
> I don't yet know if there is a solution to this which doesn't
> involve some management software decision (e.g libvirt or higher).
> 
> Best regards,
> 	Maxim Levitsky
> 

For QEMU, "-cpu host,kvm-pv-ipi=off" can disable kvm-pv-ipi.
And for libvirt, I posted a patch to disable kvm-pv-ipi by libvirt xml, 
link:
https://github.com/libvirt/libvirt/commit/b2757b697e29fa86972a4638a5879dccc8add2ad

>>
>> Paolo
>>
>>> ---
>>>    arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c   |  4 ++--
>>>    arch/x86/kvm/svm/svm.c | 13 +++++++++++++
>>>    2 files changed, 15 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
>>> index 2d70edb0f323..cc22975e2ac5 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
>>> @@ -194,8 +194,6 @@ static void kvm_vcpu_after_set_cpuid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>>    		best->ecx |= XFEATURE_MASK_FPSSE;
>>>    	}
>>>    
>>> -	kvm_update_pv_runtime(vcpu);
>>> -
>>>    	vcpu->arch.maxphyaddr = cpuid_query_maxphyaddr(vcpu);
>>>    	vcpu->arch.reserved_gpa_bits = kvm_vcpu_reserved_gpa_bits_raw(vcpu);
>>>    
>>> @@ -208,6 +206,8 @@ static void kvm_vcpu_after_set_cpuid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>>    	/* Invoke the vendor callback only after the above state is updated. */
>>>    	static_call(kvm_x86_vcpu_after_set_cpuid)(vcpu);
>>>    
>>> +	kvm_update_pv_runtime(vcpu);
>>> +
>>>    	/*
>>>    	 * Except for the MMU, which needs to do its thing any vendor specific
>>>    	 * adjustments to the reserved GPA bits.
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/svm.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/svm.c
>>> index b36ca4e476c2..b13bcfb2617c 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/svm.c
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/svm.c
>>> @@ -4114,6 +4114,19 @@ static void svm_vcpu_after_set_cpuid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>>    		if (nested && guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_SVM))
>>>    			kvm_request_apicv_update(vcpu->kvm, false,
>>>    						 APICV_INHIBIT_REASON_NESTED);
>>> +
>>> +		if (!guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_X2APIC) &&
>>> +				!(nested && guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_SVM))) {
>>> +			/*
>>> +			 * PV_SEND_IPI feature masks out AVIC acceleration to IPI.
>>> +			 * So, we do not expose PV_SEND_IPI feature to guest when
>>> +			 * AVIC is enabled.
>>> +			 */
>>> +			best = kvm_find_cpuid_entry(vcpu, KVM_CPUID_FEATURES, 0);
>>> +			if (best && enable_apicv &&
>>> +					(best->eax & (1 << KVM_FEATURE_PV_SEND_IPI)))
>>> +				best->eax &= ~(1 << KVM_FEATURE_PV_SEND_IPI);
>>> +		}
>>>    	}
>>>    	init_vmcb_after_set_cpuid(vcpu);
>>>    }
>>>
> 
> 

-- 
zhenwei pi

  reply	other threads:[~2021-11-08 11:16 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 13+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-11-08  9:59 Kele Huang
2021-11-08 10:30 ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-11-08 11:08   ` Maxim Levitsky
2021-11-08 11:14     ` zhenwei pi [this message]
2021-11-08 11:18       ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-11-16  2:48     ` Wanpeng Li
2021-11-16  2:56       ` zhenwei pi
2021-11-16  9:06         ` Chao Gao
2021-11-16  9:30           ` [External] " 黄科乐
2021-11-16  9:30           ` Wanpeng Li
     [not found]           ` <CAKUug92xp7mU_KB66jGtdYRhgQpgfCm67r+3kMOMdbrGOrTQcA@mail.gmail.com>
2021-11-16 15:57             ` [External] " Sean Christopherson
2021-11-08 10:45 ` Vitaly Kuznetsov
2021-11-16  2:04 ` Wanpeng Li

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