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* [PATCH] x86: fix locking and sync bugs in x86_64 RTC code in time_64.c
       [not found]               ` <1184274754.12353.254.camel@chaos>
@ 2007-11-12 16:55                 ` David P. Reed
  2007-11-14  7:49                   ` Thomas Gleixner
  2007-11-12 17:02                 ` [PATCH] time: fix typo that makes sync_cmos_clock erratic David P. Reed
                                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  6 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-11-12 16:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel; +Cc: Allessandro Zummo

From: David P. Reed

Fix two bugs in arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c that affect the x86_64 kernel. 
1) a repeatable hard freeze due to interrupts when the ntpd service 
calls update_persistent_clock(), 2) potentially unstable PC RTC timer 
values when timer is read.

Signed-off-by: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>
---
More explanation:
1) A repeatable but randomly timed freeze has been happening in Fedora 6 
and 7 for the last year, whenever I run the ntpd service on my AMD64x2 
HP Pavilion dv9000z laptop.  This freeze is due to the use of 
spin_lock(&rtc_lock) under the assumption (per a bad comment) that 
set_rtc_mmss is called only with interrupts disabled.  The call from 
ntp.c to update_persistent_clock is made with interrupts enabled.

2) the use of an incorrect technique for reading the standard PC RTC 
timer, which is documented to "disconnect" time registers from the bus 
while updates are in progress.  The use of UIP flag while interrupts are 
disabled to protect a 244 microsecond window is one of the Motorola spec 
sheet's documented ways to read the RTC time registers reliably.  I 
realize that not all "clones" of the

The patch updates the misleading comments and minimizes the amount of 
time that the kernel disables interrupts.

I have thoroughly tested this patch on a number of x86_64 machines with 
various numbers of cores and chipsets, using 2.6.24rc2 kernel source. 
Note that while testing the ntp code I found another bug in 
kernel/time/ntp.c which is independent of this fix - neither patch 
requires the other.

If possible, I'd love to see the patch merged with 2.6.24, and even with 
2.6.23.

Index: linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
+++ linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
@@ -82,13 +82,12 @@ static int set_rtc_mmss(unsigned long no
     int retval = 0;
     int real_seconds, real_minutes, cmos_minutes;
     unsigned char control, freq_select;
+    unsigned long flags;
 
-/*
- * IRQs are disabled when we're called from the timer interrupt,
- * no need for spin_lock_irqsave()
+/*
+ * set_rtc_mmss is called when irqs are enabled, so disable irqs here
  */
-
-    spin_lock(&rtc_lock);
+    spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
 
 /*
  * Tell the clock it's being set and stop it.
@@ -138,7 +137,7 @@ static int set_rtc_mmss(unsigned long no
     CMOS_WRITE(control, RTC_CONTROL);
     CMOS_WRITE(freq_select, RTC_FREQ_SELECT);
 
-    spin_unlock(&rtc_lock);
+    spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);
 
     return retval;
 }
@@ -163,22 +162,30 @@ unsigned long read_persistent_clock(void
     unsigned long flags;
     unsigned century = 0;
 
-    spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
+ retry:    spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
+    /* if UIP is clear, then we have >= 244 microseconds before RTC
+     * registers will be updated.  Spec sheet says that this is the
+     * reliable way to read RTC - registers invalid (off bus) during update
+         */
+    if ((CMOS_READ(RTC_FREQ_SELECT) & RTC_UIP)) {
+      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);
+      cpu_relax();
+      goto retry;
+    }
 
-    do {
-        sec = CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS);
-        min = CMOS_READ(RTC_MINUTES);
-        hour = CMOS_READ(RTC_HOURS);
-        day = CMOS_READ(RTC_DAY_OF_MONTH);
-        mon = CMOS_READ(RTC_MONTH);
-        year = CMOS_READ(RTC_YEAR);
+    /* now read all RTC registers while stable with interrupts disabled */
+
+    sec = CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS);
+    min = CMOS_READ(RTC_MINUTES);
+    hour = CMOS_READ(RTC_HOURS);
+    day = CMOS_READ(RTC_DAY_OF_MONTH);
+    mon = CMOS_READ(RTC_MONTH);
+    year = CMOS_READ(RTC_YEAR);
 #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
-        if (acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision >= FADT2_REVISION_ID &&
-                    acpi_gbl_FADT.century)
-            century = CMOS_READ(acpi_gbl_FADT.century);
+    if (acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision >= FADT2_REVISION_ID &&
+                acpi_gbl_FADT.century)
+        century = CMOS_READ(acpi_gbl_FADT.century);
 #endif
-    } while (sec != CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS));
-
     spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);
 
     /*








^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] time: fix typo that makes sync_cmos_clock erratic
       [not found]               ` <1184274754.12353.254.camel@chaos>
  2007-11-12 16:55                 ` [PATCH] x86: fix locking and sync bugs in x86_64 RTC code in time_64.c David P. Reed
@ 2007-11-12 17:02                 ` David P. Reed
  2007-11-14  7:57                   ` Thomas Gleixner
  2007-11-12 19:19                 ` David P. Reed
                                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  6 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-11-12 17:02 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel; +Cc: Allessandro Zummo

From: David P. Reed

Fix a typo in ntp.c that has caused updating of the persistent (RTC) 
clock when synced to NTP to behave erratically.

Signed-off-by: David P. Reed

---
When debugging a freeze that arises on my AMD64 machines when I run the 
ntpd service, I added a number of printk's to monitor the 
sync_cmos_clock procedure.  I discovered that it was not syncing to cmos 
RTC every 11 minutes as documented, but instead would keep trying every 
second for hours at a time.   The reason turned out to be a typo in 
sync_cmos_clock, where it attempts to ensure that 
update_persistent_clock is called very close to 500 msec. after a 1 
second boundary (required by the PC RTC's spec). That typo referred to 
"xtime" in one spot, rather than "now", which is derived from "xtime" 
but not equal to it.  This makes the test erratic, creating a 
"coin-flip" that decides when update_persistent_clock is called - when 
it is called, which is rarely, it may be at any time during the one 
second period, rather than close to 500 msec, so the value written is 
needlessly incorrect, too.

I rewrote the code to fix the typo and to be a little more clear about 
the logic that was intended here.  I have thoroughly tested this on 
several x86_64 machines, and also on one 32-bit machine.  I have also 
submitted a patch to fix the freeze cited above, but both patches are 
independent, and should be treated separately.

The patch works in 2.6.24rc2, but it should also work in 2.6.23.

Index: linux-2.6/kernel/time/ntp.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/time/ntp.c
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/time/ntp.c
@@ -188,6 +188,7 @@ static DEFINE_TIMER(sync_cmos_timer, syn
 static void sync_cmos_clock(unsigned long dummy)
 {
     struct timespec now, next;
+    long delta_from_target_time;
     int fail = 1;
 
     /*
@@ -205,7 +206,10 @@ static void sync_cmos_clock(unsigned lon
         return;
 
     getnstimeofday(&now);
-    if (abs(xtime.tv_nsec - (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2)) <= tick_nsec / 2)
+    delta_from_target_time = abs(now.tv_nsec - (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2));
+
+    /* set CMOS clock, only if close enough to 500 msec point */
+    if (delta_from_target_time <= tick_nsec / 2)
         fail = update_persistent_clock(now);
 
     next.tv_nsec = (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2) - now.tv_nsec;

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] time: fix typo that makes sync_cmos_clock erratic
       [not found]               ` <1184274754.12353.254.camel@chaos>
  2007-11-12 16:55                 ` [PATCH] x86: fix locking and sync bugs in x86_64 RTC code in time_64.c David P. Reed
  2007-11-12 17:02                 ` [PATCH] time: fix typo that makes sync_cmos_clock erratic David P. Reed
@ 2007-11-12 19:19                 ` David P. Reed
  2007-11-14 22:47                 ` [PATCH] x86: fix freeze in x86_64 RTC update code in time_64.c David P. Reed
                                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  6 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-11-12 19:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel; +Cc: Allessandro Zummo

From: David P. Reed

Fix a typo in ntp.c that has caused updating of the persistent (RTC)
clock when synced to NTP to behave erratically.

Signed-off-by: David P. Reed

---
When debugging a freeze that arises on my AMD64 machines when I run the
ntpd service, I added a number of printk's to monitor the
sync_cmos_clock procedure.  I discovered that it was not syncing to cmos
RTC every 11 minutes as documented, but instead would keep trying every
second for hours at a time.   The reason turned out to be a typo in
sync_cmos_clock, where it attempts to ensure that
update_persistent_clock is called very close to 500 msec. after a 1
second boundary (required by the PC RTC's spec). That typo referred to
"xtime" in one spot, rather than "now", which is derived from "xtime"
but not equal to it.  This makes the test erratic, creating a
"coin-flip" that decides when update_persistent_clock is called - when
it is called, which is rarely, it may be at any time during the one
second period, rather than close to 500 msec, so the value written is
needlessly incorrect, too.

I rewrote the code to fix the typo and to be a little more clear about
the logic that was intended here.  I have thoroughly tested this on
several x86_64 machines, and also on one 32-bit machine.  I have also
submitted a patch to fix the freeze cited above, but both patches are
independent, and should be treated separately.

The patch works in 2.6.24rc2, but it should also work in 2.6.23.

Index: linux-2.6/kernel/time/ntp.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/time/ntp.c
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/time/ntp.c
@@ -188,6 +188,7 @@ static DEFINE_TIMER(sync_cmos_timer, syn
static void sync_cmos_clock(unsigned long dummy)
{
     struct timespec now, next;
+    long delta_from_target_time;
     int fail = 1;

     /*
@@ -205,7 +206,10 @@ static void sync_cmos_clock(unsigned lon
         return;

     getnstimeofday(&now);
-    if (abs(xtime.tv_nsec - (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2)) <= tick_nsec / 2)
+    delta_from_target_time = abs(now.tv_nsec - (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2));
+
+    /* set CMOS clock, only if close enough to 500 msec point */
+    if (delta_from_target_time <= tick_nsec / 2)
         fail = update_persistent_clock(now);

     next.tv_nsec = (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2) - now.tv_nsec;


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: fix locking and sync bugs in x86_64 RTC code in time_64.c
  2007-11-12 16:55                 ` [PATCH] x86: fix locking and sync bugs in x86_64 RTC code in time_64.c David P. Reed
@ 2007-11-14  7:49                   ` Thomas Gleixner
  2007-11-14 13:10                     ` David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Thomas Gleixner @ 2007-11-14  7:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed; +Cc: linux-kernel, Allessandro Zummo

David,

On Mon, 12 Nov 2007, David P. Reed wrote:

> From: David P. Reed
> 
> Fix two bugs in arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c that affect the x86_64 kernel. 1) a
> repeatable hard freeze due to interrupts when the ntpd service calls
> update_persistent_clock(), 2) potentially unstable PC RTC timer values when
> timer is read.

1) Please send separate patches for separate problems.

2) Your patch is white space damaged and does not apply. Please run it
   through scripts/checkpatch.pl before submitting, maybe send it to
   yourself first and verify that it applies correctly.

> Signed-off-by: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>
> ---
> More explanation:
> 1) A repeatable but randomly timed freeze has been happening in Fedora 6 and 7
> for the last year, whenever I run the ntpd service on my AMD64x2 HP Pavilion
> dv9000z laptop.  This freeze is due to the use of spin_lock(&rtc_lock) under
> the assumption (per a bad comment) that set_rtc_mmss is called only with
> interrupts disabled.  The call from ntp.c to update_persistent_clock is made
> with interrupts enabled.

Good catch.
 
> 2) the use of an incorrect technique for reading the standard PC RTC timer,
> which is documented to "disconnect" time registers from the bus while updates
> are in progress.  The use of UIP flag while interrupts are disabled to protect
> a 244 microsecond window is one of the Motorola spec sheet's documented ways
> to read the RTC time registers reliably.  I realize that not all "clones" of
> the

of the what ?

Also put the detailed description into the patch comment, please.

> The patch updates the misleading comments and minimizes the amount of time
> that the kernel disables interrupts.
> 
> I have thoroughly tested this patch on a number of x86_64 machines with
> various numbers of cores and chipsets, using 2.6.24rc2 kernel source. Note
> that while testing the ntp code I found another bug in kernel/time/ntp.c which
> is independent of this fix - neither patch requires the other.
>
> If possible, I'd love to see the patch merged with 2.6.24, and even with
> 2.6.23.

Care to resend ?

Thanks,

     tglx

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] time: fix typo that makes sync_cmos_clock erratic
  2007-11-12 17:02                 ` [PATCH] time: fix typo that makes sync_cmos_clock erratic David P. Reed
@ 2007-11-14  7:57                   ` Thomas Gleixner
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Thomas Gleixner @ 2007-11-14  7:57 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed; +Cc: linux-kernel, Allessandro Zummo

David,

On Mon, 12 Nov 2007, David P. Reed wrote:

> From: David P. Reed
> 
> Fix a typo in ntp.c that has caused updating of the persistent (RTC) clock
> when synced to NTP to behave erratically.

Good catch.

> Signed-off-by: David P. Reed

Whitespace damaged as well. Please fix and resend

> ---
> When debugging a freeze that arises on my AMD64 machines when I run the 
> ntpd service, I added a number of printk's to monitor the sync_cmos_clock
> procedure.  I discovered that it was not syncing to cmos RTC every 11 minutes
> as documented, but instead would keep trying every second for hours at a time.
> The reason turned out to be a typo in sync_cmos_clock, where it attempts to
> ensure that update_persistent_clock is called very close to 500 msec. after a
> 1 second boundary (required by the PC RTC's spec). That typo referred to
> "xtime" in one spot, rather than "now", which is derived from "xtime" but not
> equal to it.  This makes the test erratic, creating a "coin-flip" that decides
> when update_persistent_clock is called - when it is called, which is rarely,
> it may be at any time during the one second period, rather than close to 500
> msec, so the value written is needlessly incorrect, too.

Please put the explanation into the changelog.

> The patch works in 2.6.24rc2, but it should also work in 2.6.23.

Yup
 
> @@ -205,7 +206,10 @@ static void sync_cmos_clock(unsigned lon
>         return;
> 
>     getnstimeofday(&now);
> -    if (abs(xtime.tv_nsec - (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2)) <= tick_nsec / 2)

Can we just s/xtime/now/ ? There is no value in an extra variable.

Thanks,

	tglx


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: fix locking and sync bugs in x86_64 RTC code in time_64.c
  2007-11-14  7:49                   ` Thomas Gleixner
@ 2007-11-14 13:10                     ` David P. Reed
  2007-11-14 18:26                       ` Matt Mackall
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-11-14 13:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Thomas Gleixner; +Cc: linux-kernel, Allessandro Zummo

Will make two patches and resend.

Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> David,
>
> On Mon, 12 Nov 2007, David P. Reed wrote:
>
>   
>> From: David P. Reed
>>
>> Fix two bugs in arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c that affect the x86_64 kernel. 1) a
>> repeatable hard freeze due to interrupts when the ntpd service calls
>> update_persistent_clock(), 2) potentially unstable PC RTC timer values when
>> timer is read.
>>     
>
> 1) Please send separate patches for separate problems.
>
> 2) Your patch is white space damaged and does not apply. Please run it
>    through scripts/checkpatch.pl before submitting, maybe send it to
>    yourself first and verify that it applies correctly.
>
>   
>> Signed-off-by: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>
>> ---
>> More explanation:
>> 1) A repeatable but randomly timed freeze has been happening in Fedora 6 and 7
>> for the last year, whenever I run the ntpd service on my AMD64x2 HP Pavilion
>> dv9000z laptop.  This freeze is due to the use of spin_lock(&rtc_lock) under
>> the assumption (per a bad comment) that set_rtc_mmss is called only with
>> interrupts disabled.  The call from ntp.c to update_persistent_clock is made
>> with interrupts enabled.
>>     
>
> Good catch.
>  
>   
>> 2) the use of an incorrect technique for reading the standard PC RTC timer,
>> which is documented to "disconnect" time registers from the bus while updates
>> are in progress.  The use of UIP flag while interrupts are disabled to protect
>> a 244 microsecond window is one of the Motorola spec sheet's documented ways
>> to read the RTC time registers reliably.  I realize that not all "clones" of
>> the
>>     
>
> of the what ?
>
> Also put the detailed description into the patch comment, please.
>
>   
>> The patch updates the misleading comments and minimizes the amount of time
>> that the kernel disables interrupts.
>>
>> I have thoroughly tested this patch on a number of x86_64 machines with
>> various numbers of cores and chipsets, using 2.6.24rc2 kernel source. Note
>> that while testing the ntp code I found another bug in kernel/time/ntp.c which
>> is independent of this fix - neither patch requires the other.
>>
>> If possible, I'd love to see the patch merged with 2.6.24, and even with
>> 2.6.23.
>>     
>
> Care to resend ?
>
> Thanks,
>
>      tglx
>
>   

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: fix locking and sync bugs in x86_64 RTC code in time_64.c
  2007-11-14 13:10                     ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-11-14 18:26                       ` Matt Mackall
  2007-11-14 21:22                         ` David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Matt Mackall @ 2007-11-14 18:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed; +Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Allessandro Zummo

On Wed, Nov 14, 2007 at 08:10:22AM -0500, David P. Reed wrote:
> Will make two patches and resend.

I've already got a set of patches brewing to fix the UIP problem across all
the affected arches (11+).

-- 
Mathematics is the supreme nostalgia of our time.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: fix locking and sync bugs in x86_64 RTC code in time_64.c
  2007-11-14 18:26                       ` Matt Mackall
@ 2007-11-14 21:22                         ` David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-11-14 21:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Matt Mackall; +Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Allessandro Zummo

Cool. More reason to separate this into two.

Matt Mackall wrote:
> On Wed, Nov 14, 2007 at 08:10:22AM -0500, David P. Reed wrote:
>   
>> Will make two patches and resend.
>>     
>
> I've already got a set of patches brewing to fix the UIP problem across all
> the affected arches (11+).
>
>   

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] x86: fix freeze in x86_64 RTC update code in time_64.c
       [not found]               ` <1184274754.12353.254.camel@chaos>
                                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2007-11-12 19:19                 ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-11-14 22:47                 ` David P. Reed
  2007-11-14 22:49                 ` [PATCH] time: fix typo that makes sync_cmos_clock erratic David P. Reed
                                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  6 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-11-14 22:47 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel; +Cc: Allessandro Zummo

Fix hard freeze on x86_64 when the ntpd service calls 
update_persistent_clock()

A repeatable but randomly timed freeze has been happening in Fedora 6
and 7 for the last year, whenever I run the ntpd service on my AMD64x2
HP Pavilion dv9000z laptop.  This freeze is due to the use of
spin_lock(&rtc_lock) under the assumption (per a bad comment) that
set_rtc_mmss is called only with interrupts disabled.  The call from
ntp.c to update_persistent_clock is made with interrupts enabled.

Signed-off-by: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>
---
I have thoroughly tested this patch on a number of x86_64 machines
with various numbers of cores and chipsets, using 2.6.24rc2 kernel
source.

Index: linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
+++ linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
@@ -82,18 +82,15 @@ static int set_rtc_mmss(unsigned long no
  	int retval = 0;
  	int real_seconds, real_minutes, cmos_minutes;
  	unsigned char control, freq_select;
+	unsigned long flags;

  /*
- * IRQs are disabled when we're called from the timer interrupt,
- * no need for spin_lock_irqsave()
+ * set_rtc_mmss is called when irqs are enabled, so disable irqs here
   */
-
-	spin_lock(&rtc_lock);
-
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
  /*
   * Tell the clock it's being set and stop it.
   */
-
  	control = CMOS_READ(RTC_CONTROL);
  	CMOS_WRITE(control | RTC_SET, RTC_CONTROL);

@@ -138,7 +135,7 @@ static int set_rtc_mmss(unsigned long no
  	CMOS_WRITE(control, RTC_CONTROL);
  	CMOS_WRITE(freq_select, RTC_FREQ_SELECT);

-	spin_unlock(&rtc_lock);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);

  	return retval;
  }



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] time: fix typo that makes sync_cmos_clock erratic
       [not found]               ` <1184274754.12353.254.camel@chaos>
                                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2007-11-14 22:47                 ` [PATCH] x86: fix freeze in x86_64 RTC update code in time_64.c David P. Reed
@ 2007-11-14 22:49                 ` David P. Reed
  2007-11-15  1:14                 ` [PATCH] x86: on x86_64, correct reading of PC RTC when update in progress in time_64.c David P. Reed
  2007-12-14  2:59                 ` [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc David P. Reed
  6 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-11-14 22:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel; +Cc: Allessandro Zummo

Fix a typo in ntp.c that has caused updating of the persistent (RTC)
clock when synced to NTP to behave erratically.

When debugging a freeze that arises on my AMD64 machines when I
run the ntpd service, I added a number of printk's to monitor the
sync_cmos_clock procedure.  I discovered that it was not syncing to
cmos RTC every 11 minutes as documented, but instead would keep trying
every second for hours at a time.  The reason turned out to be a typo
in sync_cmos_clock, where it attempts to ensure that
update_persistent_clock is called very close to 500 msec. after a 1
second boundary (required by the PC RTC's spec). That typo referred to
"xtime" in one spot, rather than "now", which is derived from "xtime"
but not equal to it.  This makes the test erratic, creating a
"coin-flip" that decides when update_persistent_clock is called - when
it is called, which is rarely, it may be at any time during the one
second period, rather than close to 500 msec, so the value written is
needlessly incorrect, too.

Signed-off-by: David P. Reed

---
I have thoroughly tested this on several x86_64 machines, and also
on one 32-bit machine.  I have also submitted a patch to fix the
freeze cited above, but both patches are independent, and should be
treated separately.

Index: linux-2.6/kernel/time/ntp.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/time/ntp.c
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/time/ntp.c
@@ -205,7 +205,7 @@ static void sync_cmos_clock(unsigned lon
  		return;

  	getnstimeofday(&now);
-	if (abs(xtime.tv_nsec - (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2)) <= tick_nsec / 2)
+	if (abs(now.tv_nsec - (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2)) <= tick_nsec / 2)
  		fail = update_persistent_clock(now);

  	next.tv_nsec = (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2) - now.tv_nsec;

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] x86: on x86_64, correct reading of PC RTC when update in progress in time_64.c
       [not found]               ` <1184274754.12353.254.camel@chaos>
                                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2007-11-14 22:49                 ` [PATCH] time: fix typo that makes sync_cmos_clock erratic David P. Reed
@ 2007-11-15  1:14                 ` David P. Reed
  2007-11-15 19:33                   ` Thomas Gleixner
  2007-12-14  2:59                 ` [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc David P. Reed
  6 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-11-15  1:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel; +Cc: Allessandro Zummo, Matt Mackall

Correct potentially unstable PC RTC time register reading in time_64.c

Stop the use of an incorrect technique for reading the standard PC RTC
timer, which is documented to "disconnect" time registers from the bus
while updates are in progress.  The use of UIP flag while interrupts
are disabled to protect a 244 microsecond window is one of the
Motorola spec sheet's documented ways to read the RTC time registers
reliably.

The patch updates the misleading comments and also minimizes the amount of
time that the kernel disables interrupts during the reading.

Signed-off-by: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>
---
Index: linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
+++ linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
@@ -160,22 +160,30 @@ unsigned long read_persistent_clock(void
  	unsigned long flags;
  	unsigned century = 0;

-	spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
+ retry:	spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
+	/* if UIP is clear, then we have >= 244 microseconds before RTC
+	 * registers will be updated.  Spec sheet says that this is the
+	 * reliable way to read RTC - registers invalid (off bus) during update
+	 */
+	if ((CMOS_READ(RTC_FREQ_SELECT) & RTC_UIP)) {
+	  spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);
+	  cpu_relax();
+	  goto retry;
+	}

-	do {
-		sec = CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS);
-		min = CMOS_READ(RTC_MINUTES);
-		hour = CMOS_READ(RTC_HOURS);
-		day = CMOS_READ(RTC_DAY_OF_MONTH);
-		mon = CMOS_READ(RTC_MONTH);
-		year = CMOS_READ(RTC_YEAR);
+	/* now read all RTC registers while stable with interrupts disabled */
+
+	sec = CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS);
+	min = CMOS_READ(RTC_MINUTES);
+	hour = CMOS_READ(RTC_HOURS);
+	day = CMOS_READ(RTC_DAY_OF_MONTH);
+	mon = CMOS_READ(RTC_MONTH);
+	year = CMOS_READ(RTC_YEAR);
  #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
-		if (acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision >= FADT2_REVISION_ID &&
-					acpi_gbl_FADT.century)
-			century = CMOS_READ(acpi_gbl_FADT.century);
+	if (acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision >= FADT2_REVISION_ID &&
+				acpi_gbl_FADT.century)
+		century = CMOS_READ(acpi_gbl_FADT.century);
  #endif
-	} while (sec != CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS));
-
  	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);

  	/*



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: on x86_64, correct reading of PC RTC when update in progress in time_64.c
  2007-11-15  1:14                 ` [PATCH] x86: on x86_64, correct reading of PC RTC when update in progress in time_64.c David P. Reed
@ 2007-11-15 19:33                   ` Thomas Gleixner
  2007-11-15 20:31                     ` David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Thomas Gleixner @ 2007-11-15 19:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed; +Cc: linux-kernel, Allessandro Zummo, Matt Mackall

On Wed, 14 Nov 2007, David P. Reed wrote:

Still whitespace wreckage in your patches. I guess the kernel tree you
made your patches against is already white space wrecked.

I fixed that up manually, but please be more careful about that next
time.

> Correct potentially unstable PC RTC time register reading in time_64.c
> 
> Stop the use of an incorrect technique for reading the standard PC RTC
> timer, which is documented to "disconnect" time registers from the bus
> while updates are in progress.  The use of UIP flag while interrupts
> are disabled to protect a 244 microsecond window is one of the
> Motorola spec sheet's documented ways to read the RTC time registers
> reliably.
> 
> The patch updates the misleading comments and also minimizes the amount of
> time that the kernel disables interrupts during the reading.

While I think that the UIP change is correct and a must have, the
locking change is not really useful. read_persistent_clock is called
from exactly three places:

Right after boot, right before suspend and right after resume. None of
those places is a hot path, where we really care about the interrupt
enable/disable. IIRC, this is even called with interrupts disabled
most of the time, so no real gain here.

Another reason not to do the locking change is the paravirt stuff
which is coming for 64bit. I looked into the existing 32bit code and
doing the same lock thing would introduce a real nasty hackery, which
is definitely not worth the trouble.

Thanks,

	tglx

> Signed-off-by: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>
> ---
> Index: linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
> +++ linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
> @@ -160,22 +160,30 @@ unsigned long read_persistent_clock(void
>  	unsigned long flags;
>  	unsigned century = 0;
> 
> -	spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
> + retry:	spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
> +	/* if UIP is clear, then we have >= 244 microseconds before RTC
> +	 * registers will be updated.  Spec sheet says that this is the
> +	 * reliable way to read RTC - registers invalid (off bus) during
> update
> +	 */
> +	if ((CMOS_READ(RTC_FREQ_SELECT) & RTC_UIP)) {
> +	  spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);
> +	  cpu_relax();
> +	  goto retry;
> +	}
> 
> -	do {
> -		sec = CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS);
> -		min = CMOS_READ(RTC_MINUTES);
> -		hour = CMOS_READ(RTC_HOURS);
> -		day = CMOS_READ(RTC_DAY_OF_MONTH);
> -		mon = CMOS_READ(RTC_MONTH);
> -		year = CMOS_READ(RTC_YEAR);
> +	/* now read all RTC registers while stable with interrupts disabled */
> +
> +	sec = CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS);
> +	min = CMOS_READ(RTC_MINUTES);
> +	hour = CMOS_READ(RTC_HOURS);
> +	day = CMOS_READ(RTC_DAY_OF_MONTH);
> +	mon = CMOS_READ(RTC_MONTH);
> +	year = CMOS_READ(RTC_YEAR);
>  #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
> -		if (acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision >= FADT2_REVISION_ID &&
> -					acpi_gbl_FADT.century)
> -			century = CMOS_READ(acpi_gbl_FADT.century);
> +	if (acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision >= FADT2_REVISION_ID &&
> +				acpi_gbl_FADT.century)
> +		century = CMOS_READ(acpi_gbl_FADT.century);
>  #endif
> -	} while (sec != CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS));
> -
>  	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);
> 
>  	/*
> 
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: on x86_64, correct reading of PC RTC when update in progress in time_64.c
  2007-11-15 19:33                   ` Thomas Gleixner
@ 2007-11-15 20:31                     ` David P. Reed
  2007-11-15 22:17                       ` Thomas Gleixner
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-11-15 20:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Thomas Gleixner; +Cc: linux-kernel, Allessandro Zummo, Matt Mackall

There are a couple of things I don't understand on this one.  And I 
presume you thought the other two bug fixing patches I sent before this 
were OK to go, since on my system

Thomas Gleixner wrote:

> Still whitespace wreckage in your patches. I guess the kernel tree you
> made your patches against is already white space wrecked.
>
> I fixed that up manually, but please be more careful about that next
> time.

Um ... I fixed the whitespaces I detected from the first round with 
checkpatch.pl.  Then for good measure
I ran checkpatch.pl on the patches, then pasted the files directly into 
the emails.  No problems detected.
And I also just tried checkpatch.pl on the "sent" folder copy.  No 
problems detected there.
Where was the whitespace?  Was it in the patches? Would you mind showing 
me the output so I can do a better job in the future?
>   
>> Correct potentially unstable PC RTC time register reading in time_64.c
>>
>> Stop the use of an incorrect technique for reading the standard PC RTC
>> timer, which is documented to "disconnect" time registers from the bus
>> while updates are in progress.  The use of UIP flag while interrupts
>> are disabled to protect a 244 microsecond window is one of the
>> Motorola spec sheet's documented ways to read the RTC time registers
>> reliably.
>>
>> The patch updates the misleading comments and also minimizes the amount of
>> time that the kernel disables interrupts during the reading.
>>     
>
> While I think that the UIP change is correct and a must have, the
> locking change is not really useful. read_persistent_clock is called
> from exactly three places:
>   
What locking change?  I didn't change how locking works in 
read_persistent_clock at all.
I did introduce cpu_relax() because if anyone else ever calls from a hot 
path, that would be good practice and its' one line.
> Right after boot, right before suspend and right after resume. None of
> those places is a hot path, where we really care about the interrupt
> enable/disable. IIRC, this is even called with interrupts disabled
> most of the time, so no real gain here.
>
> Another reason not to do the locking change is the paravirt stuff
> which is coming for 64bit. I looked into the existing 32bit code and
> doing the same lock thing would introduce a real nasty hackery, which
> is definitely not worth the trouble.
>   
I presume time_64.c and time_32.c will be unified at some point, 
discarding time_64.c.  There's no arch-specific reason to be separate.  
The current time_32.c depends on a different nmi path (that does some 
weird stuff saving and restoring the CMOS index register!), and I didn't 
dare usurp your long-term plan to unify architectures.  But a simple 
cleanup here makes sense, lest someone copy the bad technique as if it 
were good.
> Thanks,
>
> 	tglx
>
>   
>> Signed-off-by: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>
>> ---
>> Index: linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
>> ===================================================================
>> --- linux-2.6.orig/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
>> +++ linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/time_64.c
>> @@ -160,22 +160,30 @@ unsigned long read_persistent_clock(void
>>  	unsigned long flags;
>>  	unsigned century = 0;
>>
>> -	spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
>> + retry:	spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
>> +	/* if UIP is clear, then we have >= 244 microseconds before RTC
>> +	 * registers will be updated.  Spec sheet says that this is the
>> +	 * reliable way to read RTC - registers invalid (off bus) during
>> update
>> +	 */
>> +	if ((CMOS_READ(RTC_FREQ_SELECT) & RTC_UIP)) {
>> +	  spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);
>> +	  cpu_relax();
>> +	  goto retry;
>> +	}
>>
>> -	do {
>> -		sec = CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS);
>> -		min = CMOS_READ(RTC_MINUTES);
>> -		hour = CMOS_READ(RTC_HOURS);
>> -		day = CMOS_READ(RTC_DAY_OF_MONTH);
>> -		mon = CMOS_READ(RTC_MONTH);
>> -		year = CMOS_READ(RTC_YEAR);
>> +	/* now read all RTC registers while stable with interrupts disabled */
>> +
>> +	sec = CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS);
>> +	min = CMOS_READ(RTC_MINUTES);
>> +	hour = CMOS_READ(RTC_HOURS);
>> +	day = CMOS_READ(RTC_DAY_OF_MONTH);
>> +	mon = CMOS_READ(RTC_MONTH);
>> +	year = CMOS_READ(RTC_YEAR);
>>  #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
>> -		if (acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision >= FADT2_REVISION_ID &&
>> -					acpi_gbl_FADT.century)
>> -			century = CMOS_READ(acpi_gbl_FADT.century);
>> +	if (acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision >= FADT2_REVISION_ID &&
>> +				acpi_gbl_FADT.century)
>> +		century = CMOS_READ(acpi_gbl_FADT.century);
>>  #endif
>> -	} while (sec != CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS));
>> -
>>  	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);
>>
>>  	/*
>>
>>
>>     
>
>   

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: on x86_64, correct reading of PC RTC when update in progress in time_64.c
  2007-11-15 20:31                     ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-11-15 22:17                       ` Thomas Gleixner
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Thomas Gleixner @ 2007-11-15 22:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed; +Cc: linux-kernel, Allessandro Zummo, Matt Mackall

On Thu, 15 Nov 2007, David P. Reed wrote:

> There are a couple of things I don't understand on this one.  And I presume
> you thought the other two bug fixing patches I sent before this were OK to go,
> since on my system

I had to fix up all of them.

> Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> 
> > Still whitespace wreckage in your patches. I guess the kernel tree you
> > made your patches against is already white space wrecked.
> > 
> > I fixed that up manually, but please be more careful about that next
> > time.
> 
> Um ... I fixed the whitespaces I detected from the first round with
> checkpatch.pl.  Then for good measure
> I ran checkpatch.pl on the patches, then pasted the files directly into the
> emails.  No problems detected.

Never paste patches into mail. Also I should have checked your mail
client earlier. Thunderbird is famous for this :)
Documentation/email-clients.txt has some info on that.

> And I also just tried checkpatch.pl on the "sent" folder copy.  No problems
> detected there.

Try to apply your own patches right from the sent folder copy. They
will reject.

> Where was the whitespace?  Was it in the patches? Would you mind showing me
> the output so I can do a better job in the future?

Well the output was a simple reject when applying the patch.

Whitespace damage was for example here:

	   unsigned long flags;
20 20 09 75 6e 73  69 67 6e 65 64 20 6c 6f 6e 67 20 66 6c 61 67 73 3b 0a

where the correct patch should read:

20 09 75 6e 73  69 67 6e 65 64 20 6c 6f 6e 67 20 66 6c 61 67 73 3b 0a

Your mailer or the paste added a second blank (0x20) at the beginning
of the line.

> > > Correct potentially unstable PC RTC time register reading in time_64.c
> > > 
> > > Stop the use of an incorrect technique for reading the standard PC RTC
> > > timer, which is documented to "disconnect" time registers from the bus
> > > while updates are in progress.  The use of UIP flag while interrupts
> > > are disabled to protect a 244 microsecond window is one of the
> > > Motorola spec sheet's documented ways to read the RTC time registers
> > > reliably.
> > > 
> > > The patch updates the misleading comments and also minimizes the amount of
> > > time that the kernel disables interrupts during the reading.
> > >     
> > 
> > While I think that the UIP change is correct and a must have, the
> > locking change is not really useful. read_persistent_clock is called
> > from exactly three places:
> >   
> What locking change?  I didn't change how locking works in
> read_persistent_clock at all.
> I did introduce cpu_relax() because if anyone else ever calls from a hot path,
> that would be good practice and its' one line.

Hot path calls to this code would be extremly stupid and are forbidden
by the Penguin Law. :)

cpu_relax is not the problem, but you actuall changed the locking:

Old code:

    spin_lock();
    do {
       ....
    } while (stupid check);
    spin_unlock();

New code:
    while (1) {
        spin_lock();
        if (useful_check) {
             spin_unlock();
             cpu_relax();
        } else
             break;
   }

So with the old code I can take out the inner loop and do what
paravirtualization in the 32 bit code does:

	spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
	result = get_wallclock();
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);

Where get_wallclock() either resolves to the plain rtc code or to the
paravirtualized function depending on the boot mode of the kernel.

With your change we either would need to put lokck/unlock of rtc_lock
into each incarnation of paravirt or do some nasty hack, where we
convey the flags to the called function. Neither of this makes sense
and is worth the work.

> > Right after boot, right before suspend and right after resume. None of
> > those places is a hot path, where we really care about the interrupt
> > enable/disable. IIRC, this is even called with interrupts disabled
> > most of the time, so no real gain here.
> > 
> > Another reason not to do the locking change is the paravirt stuff
> > which is coming for 64bit. I looked into the existing 32bit code and
> > doing the same lock thing would introduce a real nasty hackery, which
> > is definitely not worth the trouble.
> >   
> I presume time_64.c and time_32.c will be unified at some point, discarding
> time_64.c.  There's no arch-specific reason to be separate.  The current
> time_32.c depends on a different nmi path (that does some weird stuff saving
> and restoring the CMOS index register!), and I didn't dare usurp your
> long-term plan to unify architectures.  But a simple cleanup here makes sense,
> lest someone copy the bad technique as if it were good.

Yeah, those files are on the radar. The cleanup branch of the x86 git
tree has a first go on this already. And I'm currently figuring out
what we can do about this ugly CMOS index hack.

Anyway I keep the locking straight and simple as it is right now, the
cpu_relax() works fine with a lock held, while we are waiting the
bunch of usecs for UIP going away.

Thanks,

	tglx

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
       [not found]               ` <1184274754.12353.254.camel@chaos>
                                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2007-11-15  1:14                 ` [PATCH] x86: on x86_64, correct reading of PC RTC when update in progress in time_64.c David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-14  2:59                 ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-14  7:49                   ` Yinghai Lu
                                     ` (4 more replies)
  6 siblings, 5 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-14  2:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Rene Herman, Pavel Machek

Replace use of outb to "unused" diagnostic port 0x80 for time delay
with udelay based time delay on x86_64 architecture machines.  Fix for
bugs 9511 and 6307 in bugzilla, plus bugs reported in
bugzilla.redhat.com.

Derived from suggestion (that didn't compile) by Pavel Machek, and
tested, also based on measurements of typical timings of out's
collated by Rene Herman from many in the community.

This patch fixes a number of bugs known to cause problems on HP
Pavilion dv9000z and dv6000z laptops - in the form of solid freezes
when hwclock is used to show or set the time.  Also, it potentially
improves bus utilization on SMP machines, by using a waiting process
that doesn't tie up the ISA/LPC bus for 1 or 2 microseconds.

i386 family fixes (completely parallel) were not included, considering
that such machines might involve more risk of problems on legacy machines.

Signed-off-by: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>

Index: linux-2.6/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ linux-2.6/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
         RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;

         pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;       /* Update cursor position */
-       outb_p(14, vidport);
-       outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-       outb_p(15, vidport);
-       outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+       outb(14, vidport);
+       outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+       outb(15, vidport);
+       outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
  }

  static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm/io_64.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm/io_64.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm/io_64.h
@@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
  #ifndef _ASM_IO_H
  #define _ASM_IO_H

+#include <linux/delay.h>

  /*
   * This file contains the definitions for the x86 IO instructions
@@ -15,19 +16,7 @@
   * mistake somewhere.
   */

-/*
- * Thanks to James van Artsdalen for a better timing-fix than
- * the two short jumps: using outb's to a nonexistent port seems
- * to guarantee better timings even on fast machines.
- *
- * On the other hand, I'd like to be sure of a non-existent port:
- * I feel a bit unsafe about using 0x80 (should be safe, though)
- *
- *             Linus
- */
-
- /*
-  *  Bit simplified and optimized by Jan Hubicka
+/*   Bit simplified and optimized by Jan Hubicka
    *  Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG, July 1999.
    *
    *  isa_memset_io, isa_memcpy_fromio, isa_memcpy_toio added,
@@ -35,36 +24,36 @@
    *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
    */

-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
-
+/* the following delays are really conservative, at least for modern 
machines */
  #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO 
__SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
+#define _IOPORT_PAUSE_DELAY 10
  #else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
+#define _IOPORT_PAUSE_DELAY 2
  #endif

  /*
   * Talk about misusing macros..
   */
-#define __OUT1(s,x) \
+#define __OUT1(s, x) \
  static inline void out##s(unsigned x value, unsigned short port) {

-#define __OUT2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1"
-
-#define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
-__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), 
"Nd" (port));} \
+#define __OUT2(s, s1, s2) \
+  __asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1" : : "a" (value), 
"Nd" \
+(port));
+
+#define __OUT(s, s1, x) \
+__OUT1(s, x) __OUT2(s, s1, "w") } \
+ __OUT1(s##_p, x) __OUT2(s, s1, "w") udelay(_IOPORT_PAUSE_DELAY); } \

  #define __IN1(s) \
  static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;

-#define __IN2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0"
+#define __IN2(s, s1, s2) \
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0" : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" 
(port));

-#define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
-__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" 
(port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+#define __IN(s, s1) \
+__IN1(s) __IN2(s, s1, "w") return _v; } \
+ __IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s, s1, "w") udelay(_IOPORT_PAUSE_DELAY); return _v; } \

  #define __INS(s) \
  static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned 
long count) \


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14  2:59                 ` [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-14  7:49                   ` Yinghai Lu
  2007-12-14  9:45                   ` Rene Herman
                                     ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Yinghai Lu @ 2007-12-14  7:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek

On Dec 13, 2007 6:59 PM, David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com> wrote:
> Replace use of outb to "unused" diagnostic port 0x80 for time delay
> with udelay based time delay on x86_64 architecture machines.  Fix for
> bugs 9511 and 6307 in bugzilla, plus bugs reported in
> bugzilla.redhat.com.
>
> Derived from suggestion (that didn't compile) by Pavel Machek, and
> tested, also based on measurements of typical timings of out's
> collated by Rene Herman from many in the community.
>
> This patch fixes a number of bugs known to cause problems on HP
> Pavilion dv9000z and dv6000z laptops - in the form of solid freezes
> when hwclock is used to show or set the time.  Also, it potentially
> improves bus utilization on SMP machines, by using a waiting process
> that doesn't tie up the ISA/LPC bus for 1 or 2 microseconds.
>
> i386 family fixes (completely parallel) were not included, considering
> that such machines might involve more risk of problems on legacy machines.
>
> Signed-off-by: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>
>
> Index: linux-2.6/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
> +++ linux-2.6/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
> @@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
>          RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
>
>          pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;       /* Update cursor position */
> -       outb_p(14, vidport);
> -       outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
> -       outb_p(15, vidport);
> -       outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
> +       outb(14, vidport);
> +       outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
> +       outb(15, vidport);
> +       outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
>   }
>
>   static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
> Index: linux-2.6/include/asm/io_64.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm/io_64.h
> +++ linux-2.6/include/asm/io_64.h

include/asm-x64/io_64.h ?

YH

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14  2:59                 ` [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc David P. Reed
  2007-12-14  7:49                   ` Yinghai Lu
@ 2007-12-14  9:45                   ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-14 14:23                     ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 10:51                   ` Andi Kleen
                                     ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-14  9:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed, Alan Cox
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 2598 bytes --]

On 14-12-07 03:59, David P. Reed wrote:

> Replace use of outb to "unused" diagnostic port 0x80 for time delay
> with udelay based time delay on x86_64 architecture machines.  Fix for
> bugs 9511 and 6307 in bugzilla, plus bugs reported in
> bugzilla.redhat.com.
> 
> Derived from suggestion (that didn't compile) by Pavel Machek, and
> tested, also based on measurements of typical timings of out's
> collated by Rene Herman from many in the community.
> 
> This patch fixes a number of bugs known to cause problems on HP
> Pavilion dv9000z and dv6000z laptops - in the form of solid freezes
> when hwclock is used to show or set the time.  Also, it potentially
> improves bus utilization on SMP machines, by using a waiting process
> that doesn't tie up the ISA/LPC bus for 1 or 2 microseconds.
> 
> i386 family fixes (completely parallel) were not included, considering
> that such machines might involve more risk of problems on legacy machines.

Here's the corresponding 32-bit patch. Applies fine to (and works on) 
v2.6.23.x as well after un-uniting the paths...

I do believe it would be better to do both; x86-64 machines can run 32-bit 
kernels fine and might certainly in the form of generic (installer) kernels 
and the like so if it's a fix lets fix it across the board -- the 2 us delay 
is going to be enough for everything out there, certainly given that _0_ is 
normally enough. With the arches just merged, minimising diferences should 
be a goal in itself I guess.

One thing though -- I believe we want to adjust the loops_per_jiffy default 
to make sure this works, or would work, pre-calibration as well? Not really 
sure how needed it is, but bogomips is defined as

	bogomips = loops_per_jiffy / (500000 / HZ)
			<=>
	loops_per_jiffy = bogomips * (500000 / HZ)

which with assuming any machine above 1G isn't affected by any of this and 
bogomips coming out to 2 * MHz on anything I myself have run linux on might 
suggest that

	loops_per_jiffy = 2 * 1000 * (500000 / HZ) = 1000000000 / HZ

could possibly be a sane if very large default? Alan?

diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index 9def935..6d41771 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -229,10 +229,9 @@ static int __init obsolete_checksetup(char *line)
  }

  /*
- * This should be approx 2 Bo*oMips to start (note initial shift), and will
- * still work even if initially too large, it will just take slightly longer
+ * Initial value roughly corresponds to a 1 GHz CPU
   */
-unsigned long loops_per_jiffy = (1<<12);
+unsigned long loops_per_jiffy = 1000000000 / HZ;

  EXPORT_SYMBOL(loops_per_jiffy);

[-- Attachment #2: v24-port80.diff --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 1783 bytes --]

From: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>

32-bit part of the port 0x80 delay replacement.

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
index b74d60d..288e162 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
index fe881cd..9abc215 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
 
 #include <linux/string.h>
 #include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
 
 /*
  * This file contains the definitions for the x86 IO instructions
@@ -17,17 +18,6 @@
  * mistake somewhere.
  */
 
-/*
- * Thanks to James van Artsdalen for a better timing-fix than
- * the two short jumps: using outb's to a nonexistent port seems
- * to guarantee better timings even on fast machines.
- *
- * On the other hand, I'd like to be sure of a non-existent port:
- * I feel a bit unsafe about using 0x80 (should be safe, though)
- *
- *		Linus
- */
-
  /*
   *  Bit simplified and optimized by Jan Hubicka
   *  Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG, July 1999.
@@ -252,7 +242,7 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(void)
 
 static inline void native_io_delay(void)
 {
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
+	udelay(2);
 }
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14  2:59                 ` [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc David P. Reed
  2007-12-14  7:49                   ` Yinghai Lu
  2007-12-14  9:45                   ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-14 10:51                   ` Andi Kleen
  2007-12-14 11:11                     ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-14 13:15                   ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 16:08                   ` Avi Kivity
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Andi Kleen @ 2007-12-14 10:51 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek

"David P. Reed" <dpreed@reed.com> writes:
>
> i386 family fixes (completely parallel) were not included, considering
> that such machines might involve more risk of problems on legacy machines.

They're needed because lots of people fomr some reason still boot 32bit kernels
on 64bit machines.
> +#define __OUT(s, s1, x) \

> +__OUT1(s, x) __OUT2(s, s1, "w") } \
> + __OUT1(s##_p, x) __OUT2(s, s1, "w") udelay(_IOPORT_PAUSE_DELAY); } \

With the additional call this should be completely out of line now to save 
code size. Similar for the in variant.

-Andi


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 10:51                   ` Andi Kleen
@ 2007-12-14 11:11                     ` David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-14 11:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andi Kleen
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek



Andi Kleen wrote:
> "
> With the additional call this should be completely out of line now to save 
> code size. Similar for the in variant.
>
>
>   
Sure.  Want me to make a new patch with the _p croutines out-of-line?

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14  2:59                 ` [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc David P. Reed
                                     ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2007-12-14 10:51                   ` Andi Kleen
@ 2007-12-14 13:15                   ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 13:24                     ` Ingo Molnar
                                       ` (3 more replies)
  2007-12-14 16:08                   ` Avi Kivity
  4 siblings, 4 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-14 13:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek


* David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com> wrote:

> Replace use of outb to "unused" diagnostic port 0x80 for time delay 
> with udelay based time delay on x86_64 architecture machines.  Fix for 
> bugs 9511 and 6307 in bugzilla, plus bugs reported in 
> bugzilla.redhat.com.
>
> Derived from suggestion (that didn't compile) by Pavel Machek, and 
> tested, also based on measurements of typical timings of out's 
> collated by Rene Herman from many in the community.
>
> This patch fixes a number of bugs known to cause problems on HP
> Pavilion dv9000z and dv6000z laptops - in the form of solid freezes
> when hwclock is used to show or set the time.  Also, it potentially
> improves bus utilization on SMP machines, by using a waiting process
> that doesn't tie up the ISA/LPC bus for 1 or 2 microseconds.
>
> i386 family fixes (completely parallel) were not included, considering 
> that such machines might involve more risk of problems on legacy 
> machines.

wow, cool fix! (I remember that there were other systems as well that 
are affected by port 0x80 muckery - i thought we had removed port 0x80 
accesses long ago.)

how about the simpler fix below, as a first-level approach? We can then 
remove the _p in/out sequences after this.

this is also something for v2.6.24 merging.

	Ingo

----------------------------->
Subject: x86: fix in/out_p delays
From: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

Debugged by David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>.

Do not use port 0x80, it can cause crashes, see:

 http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=6307
 http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=9511

instead of just removing _p postfixes en masse, lets just first
remove the 0x80 port usage, then remove any unnecessary _p io ops
gradually. It's more debuggable this way.

Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
---
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c |    8 ++++----
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c |    8 ++++----
 arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c           |    9 +++++++++
 include/asm-x86/io_32.h            |    5 +----
 include/asm-x86/io_64.h            |    5 +----
 5 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -275,10 +275,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
@@ -6,6 +6,15 @@
 
 #include <asm/hpet.h>
 
+/*
+ * Some legacy devices need delays for IN/OUT sequences. Most are
+ * probably not needed but it's the safest to just do this short delay:
+ */
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	udelay(1);
+}
+
 #if defined(CONFIG_X86_IO_APIC) && defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_PCI)
 
 static void __devinit quirk_intel_irqbalance(struct pci_dev *dev)
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,7 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(v
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,10 +35,7 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 13:15                   ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-14 13:24                     ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 13:47                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 13:42                     ` Rene Herman
                                       ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-14 13:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek


* Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:

> wow, cool fix! (I remember that there were other systems as well that 
> are affected by port 0x80 muckery - i thought we had removed port 0x80 
> accesses long ago.)
> 
> how about the simpler fix below, as a first-level approach? We can 
> then remove the _p in/out sequences after this.
> 
> this is also something for v2.6.24 merging.

updated patch attached. (from the MakeItBuild'n'Stuff dept)

	Ingo

-------------->
Subject: x86: fix in/out_p delays
From: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

Debugged by David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>.

Do not use port 0x80, it can cause crashes, see:

 http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=6307
 http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=9511

instead of just removing _p postfixes en masse, lets just first
remove the 0x80 port usage, then remove any unnecessary _p io ops
gradually. It's more debuggable this way.

Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
---
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c |    8 ++++----
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c |    8 ++++----
 arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c           |   10 ++++++++++
 include/asm-x86/io_32.h            |    5 +----
 include/asm-x86/io_64.h            |    5 +----
 5 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -275,10 +275,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
@@ -3,9 +3,19 @@
  */
 #include <linux/pci.h>
 #include <linux/irq.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
 
 #include <asm/hpet.h>
 
+/*
+ * Some legacy devices need delays for IN/OUT sequences. Most are
+ * probably not needed but it's the safest to just do this short delay:
+ */
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	udelay(1);
+}
+
 #if defined(CONFIG_X86_IO_APIC) && defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_PCI)
 
 static void __devinit quirk_intel_irqbalance(struct pci_dev *dev)
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,7 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(v
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,10 +35,7 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 13:15                   ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 13:24                     ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-14 13:42                     ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-14 14:03                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 18:02                     ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-15 23:00                     ` Pavel Machek
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-14 13:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek, Alan Cox

On 14-12-07 14:15, Ingo Molnar wrote:

> wow, cool fix! (I remember that there were other systems as well that 
> are affected by port 0x80 muckery - i thought we had removed port 0x80 
> accesses long ago.)
> 
> how about the simpler fix below, as a first-level approach? We can then 
> remove the _p in/out sequences after this.

Your version does the same thing that the version from Pavel/David does for 
32-bit at least.

> +/*
> + * Some legacy devices need delays for IN/OUT sequences. Most are
> + * probably not needed but it's the safest to just do this short delay:
> + */
> +void native_io_delay(void)
> +{
> +	udelay(1);
> +}

Also note the thread(s) on LKML where 2 us was decided to be a nicely 
conservative value:

http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/12/12/309

Also see: http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/12/14/72

And also: http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/12/12/221

As such, please wait a bit for a fuller resolution. We're still discussing this.

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 13:24                     ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-14 13:47                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 14:41                         ` Ingo Molnar
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-14 13:47 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek


* Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:

> updated patch attached. (from the MakeItBuild'n'Stuff dept)

the one below is against current upstream. (previous ones were against 
x86.git)

	Ingo

------------------->
Subject: x86: fix in/out_p delays
From: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

Debugged by David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>.

Do not use port 0x80, it can cause crashes, see:

 http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=6307
 http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=9511

instead of just removing _p postfixes en masse, lets just first
remove the 0x80 port usage, then remove any unnecessary _p io ops
gradually. It's more debuggable this way.

Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
---
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c |    8 ++++----
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c |    8 ++++----
 arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c           |   10 ++++++++++
 include/asm-x86/io_32.h            |    5 +----
 include/asm-x86/io_64.h            |   14 +++++---------
 5 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
@@ -3,9 +3,19 @@
  */
 #include <linux/pci.h>
 #include <linux/irq.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
 
 #include <asm/hpet.h>
 
+/*
+ * Some legacy devices need delays for IN/OUT sequences. Most are
+ * probably not needed but it's the safest to just do this short delay:
+ */
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	udelay(1);
+}
+
 #if defined(CONFIG_X86_IO_APIC) && defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_PCI)
 
 static void __devinit quirk_intel_irqbalance(struct pci_dev *dev)
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,7 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(v
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,7 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
-
-#ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#endif
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -54,7 +48,8 @@ __asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
 __OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); \
+native_io_delay(); } \
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
@@ -64,7 +59,8 @@ __asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1
 
 #define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
 __IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; \
+native_io_delay(); } \
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 13:42                     ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-14 14:03                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 14:10                         ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-14 14:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek, Alan Cox


* Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:

> On 14-12-07 14:15, Ingo Molnar wrote:
>
>> wow, cool fix! (I remember that there were other systems as well that are 
>> affected by port 0x80 muckery - i thought we had removed port 0x80 
>> accesses long ago.)
>>
>> how about the simpler fix below, as a first-level approach? We can 
>> then remove the _p in/out sequences after this.
>
> Your version does the same thing that the version from Pavel/David 
> does for 32-bit at least.

well, if you carefully look at the code it's not the "same" but a 
similar but cleaner thing - it moves this quirk out of a common include 
file. I take back the "simpler" characterisation - my patch indeed ended 
up being almost the same as David's.

>> +/*
>> + * Some legacy devices need delays for IN/OUT sequences. Most are
>> + * probably not needed but it's the safest to just do this short delay:
>> + */
>> +void native_io_delay(void)
>> +{
>> +	udelay(1);
>> +}
>
> Also note the thread(s) on LKML where 2 us was decided to be a nicely 
> conservative value:

yep, i have updated the delay to 2 usecs. The latest patch is below, as 
queued up in x86.git. (not yet queued up for .24 - it's pending testing 
and more feedback, etc.)

	Ingo

----------------->
Subject: x86: fix in_p/out_p crashes
From: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>

Do not use port 0x80, it can cause crashes, see:

 http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=6307
 http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=9511

Replace use of outb to "unused" diagnostic port 0x80 for time delay
with udelay based time delay on x86_64 architecture machines.  Fix for
bugs 9511 and 6307 in bugzilla, plus bugs reported in
bugzilla.redhat.com.

Derived from suggestion (that didn't compile) by Pavel Machek, and
tested, also based on measurements of typical timings of out's
collated by Rene Herman from many in the community.

This patch fixes a number of bugs known to cause problems on HP
Pavilion dv9000z and dv6000z laptops - in the form of solid freezes
when hwclock is used to show or set the time.  Also, it potentially
improves bus utilization on SMP machines, by using a waiting process
that doesn't tie up the ISA/LPC bus for 1 or 2 microseconds.

[ mingo@elte.hu: minor restructuring, 32-bit support. ]

Signed-off-by: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
---
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c |    8 ++++----
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c |    8 ++++----
 arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c           |   10 ++++++++++
 include/asm-x86/io_32.h            |    5 +----
 include/asm-x86/io_64.h            |   14 +++++---------
 5 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
@@ -3,9 +3,19 @@
  */
 #include <linux/pci.h>
 #include <linux/irq.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
 
 #include <asm/hpet.h>
 
+/*
+ * Some legacy devices need delays for IN/OUT sequences. Most are
+ * probably not needed but it's the safest to just do this short delay:
+ */
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	udelay(2);
+}
+
 #if defined(CONFIG_X86_IO_APIC) && defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_PCI)
 
 static void __devinit quirk_intel_irqbalance(struct pci_dev *dev)
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,7 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(v
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,7 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
-
-#ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#endif
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -54,7 +48,8 @@ __asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
 __OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); \
+native_io_delay(); } \
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
@@ -64,7 +59,8 @@ __asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1
 
 #define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
 __IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; \
+native_io_delay(); } \
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 14:03                       ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-14 14:10                         ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-14 14:21                           ` Ingo Molnar
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-14 14:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek, Alan Cox

On 14-12-07 15:03, Ingo Molnar wrote:

> yep, i have updated the delay to 2 usecs. The latest patch is below, as 
> queued up in x86.git. (not yet queued up for .24 - it's pending testing 
> and more feedback, etc.)

Yes, I'd like feedback on the initial value thing:

http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/12/14/72

and Alan's comments here:

http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/12/12/221

And as to testing -- good luck finding a machine that cares at all ;-)

Rene.



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 14:10                         ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-14 14:21                           ` Ingo Molnar
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-14 14:21 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek, Alan Cox


* Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:

> And as to testing -- good luck finding a machine that cares at all ;-)

actually, there's a whole lot more testing angle to a change like this 
than ancient boxes.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14  9:45                   ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-14 14:23                     ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 14:36                       ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-15 22:59                       ` Pavel Machek
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-14 14:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: David P. Reed, Alan Cox, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek


* Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:

> --- a/init/main.c
> +++ b/init/main.c
> @@ -229,10 +229,9 @@ static int __init obsolete_checksetup(char *line)
>  }
>
>  /*
> - * This should be approx 2 Bo*oMips to start (note initial shift), and will
> - * still work even if initially too large, it will just take slightly longer
> + * Initial value roughly corresponds to a 1 GHz CPU
>   */
> -unsigned long loops_per_jiffy = (1<<12);
> +unsigned long loops_per_jiffy = 1000000000 / HZ;
>
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(loops_per_jiffy);

this is a factor of ~2400 increase - this will take an eternity to boot 
on any older CPU.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 14:23                     ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-14 14:36                       ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-14 14:46                         ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-15 22:59                       ` Pavel Machek
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-14 14:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Rene Herman, David P. Reed, Alan Cox, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek

On 14-12-07 15:23, Ingo Molnar wrote:

> * Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:
> 
>> --- a/init/main.c
>> +++ b/init/main.c
>> @@ -229,10 +229,9 @@ static int __init obsolete_checksetup(char *line)
>>  }
>>
>>  /*
>> - * This should be approx 2 Bo*oMips to start (note initial shift), and will
>> - * still work even if initially too large, it will just take slightly longer
>> + * Initial value roughly corresponds to a 1 GHz CPU
>>   */
>> -unsigned long loops_per_jiffy = (1<<12);
>> +unsigned long loops_per_jiffy = 1000000000 / HZ;
>>
>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(loops_per_jiffy);
> 
> this is a factor of ~2400 increase - this will take an eternity to boot 
> on any older CPU.

Only any outb_p's used before loops_per_jiffy is calibrated are affected.

This pre-calibation thing is what's historically held this change back (it's 
been discussed dozens of times before). At 4096, not any machine is going to 
have an appreciable delay before calibration when switching from the outb to 
  0x80.

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 13:47                       ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-14 14:41                         ` Ingo Molnar
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-14 14:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek


> > updated patch attached. (from the MakeItBuild'n'Stuff dept)
> 
> the one below is against current upstream. (previous ones were against 
> x86.git)

the last version is the one below. Pending further discussion and 
testing. And David, i nominate your fix as the coolest Linux kernel fix 
of 2007 :-)

	Ingo

-------------------------------->

Subject: x86: fix in_p/out_p crashes
From: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>

Do not use port 0x80, it can cause crashes, see:

 http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=6307
 http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=9511

Replace use of outb to "unused" diagnostic port 0x80 for time delay
with udelay based time delay on x86_64 architecture machines.  Fix for
bugs 9511 and 6307 in bugzilla, plus bugs reported in
bugzilla.redhat.com.

Derived from suggestion (that didn't compile) by Pavel Machek, and
tested, also based on measurements of typical timings of out's
collated by Rene Herman from many in the community.

This patch fixes a number of bugs known to cause problems on HP
Pavilion dv9000z and dv6000z laptops - in the form of solid freezes
when hwclock is used to show or set the time.  Also, it potentially
improves bus utilization on SMP machines, by using a waiting process
that doesn't tie up the ISA/LPC bus for 1 or 2 microseconds.

[ mingo@elte.hu: minor restructuring, 32-bit support. ]

Signed-off-by: David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
---
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c |    8 ++++----
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c |    8 ++++----
 arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c           |   10 ++++++++++
 include/asm-x86/io_32.h            |    5 +----
 include/asm-x86/io_64.h            |   14 +++++---------
 5 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
@@ -3,9 +3,19 @@
  */
 #include <linux/pci.h>
 #include <linux/irq.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
 
 #include <asm/hpet.h>
 
+/*
+ * Some legacy devices need delays for IN/OUT sequences. Most are
+ * probably not needed but it's the safest to just do this short delay:
+ */
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	udelay(2);
+}
+
 #if defined(CONFIG_X86_IO_APIC) && defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_PCI)
 
 static void __devinit quirk_intel_irqbalance(struct pci_dev *dev)
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,7 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(v
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,7 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
-
-#ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#endif
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -54,7 +48,8 @@ __asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
 __OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); \
+native_io_delay(); } \
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
@@ -64,7 +59,8 @@ __asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1
 
 #define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
 __IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; \
+native_io_delay(); } \
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 14:36                       ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-14 14:46                         ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 14:56                           ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-14 14:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: David P. Reed, Alan Cox, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek


* Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:

>>>  /*
>>> - * This should be approx 2 Bo*oMips to start (note initial shift), and will
>>> - * still work even if initially too large, it will just take slightly longer
>>> + * Initial value roughly corresponds to a 1 GHz CPU
>>>   */
>>> -unsigned long loops_per_jiffy = (1<<12);
>>> +unsigned long loops_per_jiffy = 1000000000 / HZ;
>>>
>>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(loops_per_jiffy);
>>
>> this is a factor of ~2400 increase - this will take an eternity to boot on 
>> any older CPU.
>
> Only any outb_p's used before loops_per_jiffy is calibrated are 
> affected.

yes - but there are a couple of early udelays, which would thus be 
affected.

> This pre-calibation thing is what's historically held this change back 
> (it's been discussed dozens of times before). At 4096, not any machine 
> is going to have an appreciable delay before calibration when 
> switching from the outb to 0x80.

i dont think this should matter: old systems that truly _need_ the ISA 
delay will be slow enough to not trip up. (nor are they really affected 
by these early delays - the delays were more for crappy ISA devices that 
get initialized later down, when the delay loop is already calibrated)

modern systems learned to depend on the PCI write posting side-effects 
of port 0x80 activities - those wont be helped by this initialization 
change either. That is a far more serious concern.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 14:46                         ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-14 14:56                           ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-14 18:36                             ` Alan Cox
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-14 14:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Rene Herman, David P. Reed, Alan Cox, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek

On 14-12-07 15:46, Ingo Molnar wrote:

> * Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:
> 
>>>>  /*
>>>> - * This should be approx 2 Bo*oMips to start (note initial shift), and will
>>>> - * still work even if initially too large, it will just take slightly longer
>>>> + * Initial value roughly corresponds to a 1 GHz CPU
>>>>   */
>>>> -unsigned long loops_per_jiffy = (1<<12);
>>>> +unsigned long loops_per_jiffy = 1000000000 / HZ;
>>>>
>>>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(loops_per_jiffy);
>>> this is a factor of ~2400 increase - this will take an eternity to boot on 
>>> any older CPU.
>> Only any outb_p's used before loops_per_jiffy is calibrated are 
>> affected.
> 
> yes - but there are a couple of early udelays, which would thus be 
> affected.

True. At the moment though they're just always not delaying anywhere close 
the intended amount (on anything with more than 2 bogomips). Pre-calibration 
all this stuff is just broken it seems.

>> This pre-calibation thing is what's historically held this change back 
>> (it's been discussed dozens of times before). At 4096, not any machine 
>> is going to have an appreciable delay before calibration when 
>> switching from the outb to 0x80.
> 
> i dont think this should matter: old systems that truly _need_ the ISA 
> delay will be slow enough to not trip up. (nor are they really affected 
> by these early delays - the delays were more for crappy ISA devices that 
> get initialized later down, when the delay loop is already calibrated)

8253 (DMAC) and 8254 (PIT) have been reported in earlier versions of the 
thread. By Alan, I believe.

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14  2:59                 ` [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc David P. Reed
                                     ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2007-12-14 13:15                   ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-14 16:08                   ` Avi Kivity
  2007-12-15  2:13                     ` David P. Reed
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Avi Kivity @ 2007-12-14 16:08 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek, kvm-devel

David P. Reed wrote:
> Replace use of outb to "unused" diagnostic port 0x80 for time delay
> with udelay based time delay on x86_64 architecture machines.  Fix for
> bugs 9511 and 6307 in bugzilla, plus bugs reported in
> bugzilla.redhat.com.
>
> Derived from suggestion (that didn't compile) by Pavel Machek, and
> tested, also based on measurements of typical timings of out's
> collated by Rene Herman from many in the community.
>
> This patch fixes a number of bugs known to cause problems on HP
> Pavilion dv9000z and dv6000z laptops - in the form of solid freezes
> when hwclock is used to show or set the time.  Also, it potentially
> improves bus utilization on SMP machines, by using a waiting process
> that doesn't tie up the ISA/LPC bus for 1 or 2 microseconds.
>

kvm will forward a virtual machine's writes to port 0x80 to the real 
port.  The reason is that the write is much faster than exiting and 
emulating it; the difference is measurable when compiling kernels.

Now if the cause is simply writing to port 0x80, then we must stop doing 
that.  But if the reason is the back-to-back writes, when we can keep 
it, since the other writes will be trapped by kvm and emulated.  Do you 
which is the case?

-- 
Any sufficiently difficult bug is indistinguishable from a feature.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 13:15                   ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 13:24                     ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 13:42                     ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-14 18:02                     ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-14 18:23                       ` Rene Herman
                                         ` (2 more replies)
  2007-12-15 23:00                     ` Pavel Machek
  3 siblings, 3 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-14 18:02 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek

Ingo Molnar wrote:
> 
> wow, cool fix! (I remember that there were other systems as well that 
> are affected by port 0x80 muckery - i thought we had removed port 0x80 
> accesses long ago.)
> 
> how about the simpler fix below, as a first-level approach? We can then 
> remove the _p in/out sequences after this.
> 

I believe this will suffer from the issue that was raised: this will use 
udelay() long before loop calibration (and no, we can't just "be 
conservative" since there is no "conservative" value we can use.)

Worse, I suspect that at least the PIT, which may need to be used for 
udelay calibration, is one of the devices that may be affected.  I have 
seen the Verilog for a contemporary chipset, and it can only access the 
PIT once per microsecond -- this actually has to do with the definition 
of the PIT; some of the PIT operations are ill-defined if allowed at a 
higher frequency than the PIT clock.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 18:02                     ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-14 18:23                       ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-14 21:06                       ` Pavel Machek
  2007-12-15  7:43                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-14 18:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Pavel Machek

On 14-12-07 19:02, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> I believe this will suffer from the issue that was raised: this will use
> udelay() long before loop calibration (and no, we can't just "be 
> conservative" since there is no "conservative" value we can use.)
> 
> Worse, I suspect that at least the PIT, which may need to be used for 
> udelay calibration, is one of the devices that may be affected.  I have 
> seen the Verilog for a contemporary chipset, and it can only access the 
> PIT once per microsecond -- this actually has to do with the definition 
> of the PIT; some of the PIT operations are ill-defined if allowed at a 
> higher frequency than the PIT clock.

Was reported before indeed:

http://linux.derkeiler.com/Mailing-Lists/Kernel/2003-09/5764.html

Rene.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 14:56                           ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-14 18:36                             ` Alan Cox
  2007-12-14 18:48                               ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-14 21:05                               ` Pavel Machek
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2007-12-14 18:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek

> > i dont think this should matter: old systems that truly _need_ the ISA 
> > delay will be slow enough to not trip up. (nor are they really affected 
> > by these early delays - the delays were more for crappy ISA devices that 
> > get initialized later down, when the delay loop is already calibrated)
> 
> 8253 (DMAC) and 8254 (PIT) have been reported in earlier versions of the 
> thread. By Alan, I believe.

They've been seen to be problems up to PII era machines. I'm not aware of
any newer than that with this problem. We also don't need to touch the
DMAC that early anyway that I can see - just the PIT.

In fact if we have a fast processor we have a TSC and APIC so we don't
need the PIT ?

Alan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 18:36                             ` Alan Cox
@ 2007-12-14 18:48                               ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-14 21:05                               ` Pavel Machek
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-14 18:48 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Pavel Machek

Alan Cox wrote:
>>> i dont think this should matter: old systems that truly _need_ the ISA 
>>> delay will be slow enough to not trip up. (nor are they really affected 
>>> by these early delays - the delays were more for crappy ISA devices that 
>>> get initialized later down, when the delay loop is already calibrated)
>> 8253 (DMAC) and 8254 (PIT) have been reported in earlier versions of the 
>> thread. By Alan, I believe.
> 
> They've been seen to be problems up to PII era machines. I'm not aware of
> any newer than that with this problem. We also don't need to touch the
> DMAC that early anyway that I can see - just the PIT.
> 
> In fact if we have a fast processor we have a TSC and APIC so we don't
> need the PIT ?

Well, the TSC may be unstable and the APIC may be disabled.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 18:36                             ` Alan Cox
  2007-12-14 18:48                               ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-14 21:05                               ` Pavel Machek
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Machek @ 2007-12-14 21:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin

On Fri 2007-12-14 18:36:26, Alan Cox wrote:
> > > i dont think this should matter: old systems that truly _need_ the ISA 
> > > delay will be slow enough to not trip up. (nor are they really affected 
> > > by these early delays - the delays were more for crappy ISA devices that 
> > > get initialized later down, when the delay loop is already calibrated)
> > 
> > 8253 (DMAC) and 8254 (PIT) have been reported in earlier versions of the 
> > thread. By Alan, I believe.
> 
> They've been seen to be problems up to PII era machines. I'm not aware of
> any newer than that with this problem. We also don't need to touch the
> DMAC that early anyway that I can see - just the PIT.
> 
> In fact if we have a fast processor we have a TSC and APIC so we don't
> need the PIT ?

It is still good to be able to disable APIC/TSC. Neither are
particulary reliable time sources.

-- 
(english) http://www.livejournal.com/~pavelmachek
(cesky, pictures) http://atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~pavel/picture/horses/blog.html

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 18:02                     ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-14 18:23                       ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-14 21:06                       ` Pavel Machek
  2007-12-14 22:13                         ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-15  7:43                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Machek @ 2007-12-14 21:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

On Fri 2007-12-14 10:02:57, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> Ingo Molnar wrote:
>> wow, cool fix! (I remember that there were other systems as well that are 
>> affected by port 0x80 muckery - i thought we had removed port 0x80 
>> accesses long ago.)
>> how about the simpler fix below, as a first-level approach? We can then 
>> remove the _p in/out sequences after this.
>
> I believe this will suffer from the issue that was raised: this will use 
> udelay() long before loop calibration (and no, we can't just "be 
> conservative" since there is no "conservative" value we can use.)

?? Just initialize bogomips to 6GHz equivalent... and we are fine
until 6GHz cpus come out.
									Pavel
-- 
(english) http://www.livejournal.com/~pavelmachek
(cesky, pictures) http://atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~pavel/picture/horses/blog.html

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 21:06                       ` Pavel Machek
@ 2007-12-14 22:13                         ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-14 23:29                           ` Alan Cox
  2007-12-17 22:46                           ` Jan Engelhardt
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-14 22:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Machek
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

Pavel Machek wrote:
> On Fri 2007-12-14 10:02:57, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
>> Ingo Molnar wrote:
>>> wow, cool fix! (I remember that there were other systems as well that are 
>>> affected by port 0x80 muckery - i thought we had removed port 0x80 
>>> accesses long ago.)
>>> how about the simpler fix below, as a first-level approach? We can then 
>>> remove the _p in/out sequences after this.
>> I believe this will suffer from the issue that was raised: this will use 
>> udelay() long before loop calibration (and no, we can't just "be 
>> conservative" since there is no "conservative" value we can use.)
> 
> ?? Just initialize bogomips to 6GHz equivalent... and we are fine
> until 6GHz cpus come out.

How long will that take to boot on a 386?

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 22:13                         ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-14 23:29                           ` Alan Cox
  2007-12-15  3:04                             ` David P. Reed
                                               ` (2 more replies)
  2007-12-17 22:46                           ` Jan Engelhardt
  1 sibling, 3 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2007-12-14 23:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

On Fri, 14 Dec 2007 14:13:46 -0800
"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:

> Pavel Machek wrote:
> > On Fri 2007-12-14 10:02:57, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> >> Ingo Molnar wrote:
> >>> wow, cool fix! (I remember that there were other systems as well that are 
> >>> affected by port 0x80 muckery - i thought we had removed port 0x80 
> >>> accesses long ago.)
> >>> how about the simpler fix below, as a first-level approach? We can then 
> >>> remove the _p in/out sequences after this.
> >> I believe this will suffer from the issue that was raised: this will use 
> >> udelay() long before loop calibration (and no, we can't just "be 
> >> conservative" since there is no "conservative" value we can use.)
> > 
> > ?? Just initialize bogomips to 6GHz equivalent... and we are fine
> > until 6GHz cpus come out.
> 
> How long will that take to boot on a 386?

Well the dumb approach to fix that would seem to be to initialise it to

	cpu->family   3 -> 50MHz 4 -> 300Mhz 5-> etc...

Alan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 16:08                   ` Avi Kivity
@ 2007-12-15  2:13                     ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-15  2:20                       ` H. Peter Anvin
                                         ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-15  2:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Avi Kivity
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek, kvm-devel

Avi Kivity wrote:
> kvm will forward a virtual machine's writes to port 0x80 to the real 
> port.  The reason is that the write is much faster than exiting and 
> emulating it; the difference is measurable when compiling kernels.
>
> Now if the cause is simply writing to port 0x80, then we must stop 
> doing that.  But if the reason is the back-to-back writes, when we can 
> keep it, since the other writes will be trapped by kvm and emulated.  
> Do you which is the case?
>
As for kvm, I don't have enough info to know anything about that.  Is 
there a test you'd like me to try?

I think you are also asking if the crash on these laptops is caused only 
by back-to-back writes.  Actually, it doesn't seem to matter if they are 
back to back.  I can cause the crash if the writes to 80 are very much 
spread out in time - it seems only to matter how many of them get 
executed - almost as if there is a buffer overflow.  (And of course if 
you do back to back writes to other ports that are apparently fully 
unused, such as 0xED on my machine, no crash occurs).

I believe (though no one seems to have confirming documentation from the 
chipset or motherboard vendor) that port 80 is actually functional for 
some unknown function on these machines.   (They do respond to "in" 
instructions faster than a bus cycle abort does - more evidence).

I searched the DSDT to see if there is any evidence of an ACPI use for 
this port, but found nothing.





^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15  2:13                     ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-15  2:20                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 18:14                       ` linux-os (Dick Johnson)
  2007-12-19 15:03                       ` Avi Kivity
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-15  2:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Avi Kivity, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek, kvm-devel

David P. Reed wrote:
> 
> I believe (though no one seems to have confirming documentation from the 
> chipset or motherboard vendor) that port 80 is actually functional for 
> some unknown function on these machines.   (They do respond to "in" 
> instructions faster than a bus cycle abort does - more evidence).
> 

This is normal.  IN from port 0x80 is used by the DMA address map chip.

As far as I understand, there are other laptops with the same chipset 
which don't have this problem, so it's likely either a motherboard or 
firmware issue.  My guess is that they probably let debugging code out 
in the field (trap port 0x80 in SMM, and then try to output it on some 
debugging bus.)

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 23:29                           ` Alan Cox
@ 2007-12-15  3:04                             ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-15  5:45                               ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-15  8:08                             ` Paul Rolland
  2007-12-17 21:04                             ` Rene Herman
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-15  3:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

Just a thought for a way to fix the "very early" timing needed to set up 
udelay to work in a way that works on all machines.  Perhaps we haven't 
exploited the BIOS enough:  The PC BIOS since the PC AT (286)  has 
always had a standard "countdown timer" way to delay for n microseconds, 
which as far as I know still works.   This can be used to measure the 
speed of a delay loop, without using ANY in/out instructions directly 
(the ones in the BIOS are presumably correctly delayed...).

So first thing in the boot sequence, one can calibrate a timing loop 
using this technique, and save the value to be used for all the "early" 
stuff.

Here's skeleton code from old ASM code I found lying around in my 
archives to use BIOS to measure how many unrolled short jumps can 
execute in 10 msec.  Note that it can run without knowing anything 
whatsoever about port timing.

haltbyte db 0

calibrate:
    les bx,haltbyte ; address of halt flag into es:bx
    mov ax,8300h
    sub cx,cx
    mov dx,10000 ; 10 msec. in cx:dx
    int 15h
    jc bad
    sub dx,dx
    sub cx,cx ; decrement counter in dx:cx
tloop:
    jmp short $+2 ; 10 short jmps
    jmp short $+2
    jmp short $+2
    jmp short $+2
    jmp short $+2
    jmp short $+2
    jmp short $+2
    jmp short $+2
    jmp short $+2
    test haltbyte
    loopz tloop
    jnz done
    dec dx
    jnz tloop

" overflowed 32 bits ... never happens, cancel BIOS event wait.
    mov ax,8301h
    int 15h
    jmp error
 
done:
    mov ax,cx
    negl
" here dx:ax contains 32 bit loop count corresponding to 10 msec.
    ret ; return 32-bit value


Doc on function 83h of int 15h should be available online.
   

Alan Cox wrote:
> On Fri, 14 Dec 2007 14:13:46 -0800
> "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:
>
>   
>> Pavel Machek wrote:
>>     
>>> On Fri 2007-12-14 10:02:57, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
>>>       
>>>> Ingo Molnar wrote:
>>>>         
>>>>> wow, cool fix! (I remember that there were other systems as well that are 
>>>>> affected by port 0x80 muckery - i thought we had removed port 0x80 
>>>>> accesses long ago.)
>>>>> how about the simpler fix below, as a first-level approach? We can then 
>>>>> remove the _p in/out sequences after this.
>>>>>           
>>>> I believe this will suffer from the issue that was raised: this will use 
>>>> udelay() long before loop calibration (and no, we can't just "be 
>>>> conservative" since there is no "conservative" value we can use.)
>>>>         
>>> ?? Just initialize bogomips to 6GHz equivalent... and we are fine
>>> until 6GHz cpus come out.
>>>       
>> How long will that take to boot on a 386?
>>     
>
> Well the dumb approach to fix that would seem to be to initialise it to
>
> 	cpu->family   3 -> 50MHz 4 -> 300Mhz 5-> etc...
>
> Alan
>
>   

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15  3:04                             ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-15  5:45                               ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-15 17:17                                 ` David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-15  5:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

David P. Reed wrote:
> Just a thought for a way to fix the "very early" timing needed to set up 
> udelay to work in a way that works on all machines.  Perhaps we haven't 
> exploited the BIOS enough:  The PC BIOS since the PC AT (286)  has 
> always had a standard "countdown timer" way to delay for n microseconds, 
> which as far as I know still works.   This can be used to measure the 
> speed of a delay loop, without using ANY in/out instructions directly 
> (the ones in the BIOS are presumably correctly delayed...).

If we enter from the 32-bit entrypoint, we already don't have access to 
the BIOS, though.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 18:02                     ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-14 18:23                       ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-14 21:06                       ` Pavel Machek
@ 2007-12-15  7:43                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-15  7:58                         ` Rene Herman
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-15  7:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek


* H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:

> I believe this will suffer from the issue that was raised: this will 
> use udelay() long before loop calibration (and no, we can't just "be 
> conservative" since there is no "conservative" value we can use.)
>
> Worse, I suspect that at least the PIT, which may need to be used for 
> udelay calibration, is one of the devices that may be affected.  I 
> have seen the Verilog for a contemporary chipset, and it can only 
> access the PIT once per microsecond -- this actually has to do with 
> the definition of the PIT; some of the PIT operations are ill-defined 
> if allowed at a higher frequency than the PIT clock.

i think the native_io_delay() in quirks.c signals the obvious solution: 
a DMI (or otherwise) driven quirk that activates a port 0x80 based delay 
on such boards. Combined with an iodelay=port80 boot option as well 
perhaps, just in case someone hits a system that is not blacklisted yet. 
This way such crazy broken hardware can be mapped correctly - like we 
map such quirks in every other case. Perhaps even do this workaround on 
the PIT driver level. Instead of perpetuating the superstition of port 
80 forever.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15  7:43                       ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-15  7:58                         ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-15 13:27                           ` Ingo Molnar
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-15  7:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, Pavel Machek, Alan Cox

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1624 bytes --]

On 15-12-07 08:43, Ingo Molnar wrote:

> * H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:
> 
>> I believe this will suffer from the issue that was raised: this will 
>> use udelay() long before loop calibration (and no, we can't just "be 
>> conservative" since there is no "conservative" value we can use.)
>>
>> Worse, I suspect that at least the PIT, which may need to be used for 
>> udelay calibration, is one of the devices that may be affected.  I 
>> have seen the Verilog for a contemporary chipset, and it can only 
>> access the PIT once per microsecond -- this actually has to do with 
>> the definition of the PIT; some of the PIT operations are ill-defined 
>> if allowed at a higher frequency than the PIT clock.
> 
> i think the native_io_delay() in quirks.c signals the obvious solution: 
> a DMI (or otherwise) driven quirk that activates a port 0x80 based delay 
> on such boards. Combined with an iodelay=port80 boot option as well 
> perhaps, just in case someone hits a system that is not blacklisted yet. 
> This way such crazy broken hardware can be mapped correctly - like we 
> map such quirks in every other case. Perhaps even do this workaround on 
> the PIT driver level. Instead of perpetuating the superstition of port 
> 80 forever.

The issue is -- how do you safely replace the outb pre-loops_per_jiffy 
calibration? I'm currently running with the attached hack (not submitted, 
only for 32-bit and discussion) the idea of which might be the best we can do?

(And the broken is the hardware that can't take writes to port 0x80, not the 
other way around. It's a well-known legacy PC thing).

Rene.


[-- Attachment #2: native_io_delay-switch.diff --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 1912 bytes --]

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
index b74d60d..288e162 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/time_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/time_32.c
index 8a322c9..c95d313 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/time_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/time_32.c
@@ -222,6 +222,19 @@ void __init hpet_time_init(void)
 	time_init_hook();
 }
 
+static void port_io_delay(void)
+{
+	asm volatile ("outb %%al, $0x80": : : "memory");
+}
+
+static void udelay_io_delay(void)
+{
+	udelay(2);
+}
+
+void (*native_io_delay)(void) = port_io_delay;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_io_delay);
+
 /*
  * This is called directly from init code; we must delay timer setup in the
  * HPET case as we can't make the decision to turn on HPET this early in the
@@ -233,5 +246,7 @@ void __init hpet_time_init(void)
 void __init time_init(void)
 {
 	tsc_init();
+	if (!tsc_disable)
+		native_io_delay = udelay_io_delay;
 	late_time_init = choose_time_init();
 }
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
index fe881cd..1b73f49 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,7 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(void)
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void (*native_io_delay)(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 23:29                           ` Alan Cox
  2007-12-15  3:04                             ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-15  8:08                             ` Paul Rolland
  2007-12-15  8:13                               ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-15 20:26                               ` [PATCH] x86_64: " H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 21:04                             ` Rene Herman
  2 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Paul Rolland @ 2007-12-15  8:08 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, rol

Hello,

On Fri, 14 Dec 2007 23:29:55 +0000
Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> wrote:

> On Fri, 14 Dec 2007 14:13:46 -0800
> "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:
> 
> > Pavel Machek wrote:
> > > On Fri 2007-12-14 10:02:57, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> > 
> > How long will that take to boot on a 386?
> 
> Well the dumb approach to fix that would seem to be to initialise it to
> 
> 	cpu->family   3 -> 50MHz 4 -> 300Mhz 5-> etc...

Just an idea : from what I've read, the problem (port 80 hanging) only occurs
on 'modern' machines... So why not :
 - use port 80 for old CPUs (PII, PIII) where it has never really been
   a problem,
 - use the cpu->family to do a best match for CPU freq
thus we could avoid increasing boot time too much...

Paul



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15  8:08                             ` Paul Rolland
@ 2007-12-15  8:13                               ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-15 20:27                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-15 20:26                               ` [PATCH] x86_64: " H. Peter Anvin
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-15  8:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Paul Rolland
  Cc: Alan Cox, H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar,
	David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	Rene Herman, rol

On 15-12-07 09:08, Paul Rolland wrote:
> Hello,
> 
> On Fri, 14 Dec 2007 23:29:55 +0000
> Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> wrote:
> 
>> On Fri, 14 Dec 2007 14:13:46 -0800
>> "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:
>>
>>> Pavel Machek wrote:
>>>> On Fri 2007-12-14 10:02:57, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
>>> How long will that take to boot on a 386?
>> Well the dumb approach to fix that would seem to be to initialise it to
>>
>> 	cpu->family   3 -> 50MHz 4 -> 300Mhz 5-> etc...
> 
> Just an idea : from what I've read, the problem (port 80 hanging) only occurs
> on 'modern' machines... So why not :
>  - use port 80 for old CPUs (PII, PIII) where it has never really been
>    a problem,
>  - use the cpu->family to do a best match for CPU freq
> thus we could avoid increasing boot time too much...

Yes, just posted a Patch-For-Comments that switches on the availability of a 
TSC (tsc_init sets tsc_disable also for !cpu_has_tsc) which would mean that 
only really old stuff would be using the outb still. A TSC is really all we 
need to have a sensible udelay().

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15  7:58                         ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-15 13:27                           ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-15 14:01                             ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-15 14:29                             ` Alan Cox
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-15 13:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, Pavel Machek, Alan Cox


* Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:

> The issue is -- how do you safely replace the outb pre-loops_per_jiffy 
> calibration? I'm currently running with the attached hack (not 
> submitted, only for 32-bit and discussion) the idea of which might be 
> the best we can do?

how about doing a known-NOP chipset cycle? For example:

  inb(PIC_SLAVE_IMR)

? I.e. instead of trying to find an unused port, lets try to find a 
known-used platform register that has no side-effects if read. Use it 
unconditionally during early bootup and change it to an udelay after 
calibration. (or use it after early bootup too if a boot parameter has 
been specified) Or something like this.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 13:27                           ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-15 14:01                             ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-15 20:25                               ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-15 14:29                             ` Alan Cox
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-15 14:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, Pavel Machek, Alan Cox

On 15-12-07 14:27, Ingo Molnar wrote:

> * Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:
> 
>> The issue is -- how do you safely replace the outb pre-loops_per_jiffy 
>> calibration? I'm currently running with the attached hack (not 
>> submitted, only for 32-bit and discussion) the idea of which might be 
>> the best we can do?
> 
> how about doing a known-NOP chipset cycle? For example:
> 
>   inb(PIC_SLAVE_IMR)

An inb is annoying in that it clobbers register al (well, with an inline 
native_io_delay it is at least) and more importantly -- the timing of this 
is going to vary wildly. We really want a register that is effectively 
guaranteed to be unused so that it dies on ISA/LPC or we might get _much_ 
faster PCI only decodes. Even reading port 0x80 itself varies wildly:

http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/12/12/309

> ? I.e. instead of trying to find an unused port, lets try to find a 
> known-used platform register that has no side-effects if read. Use it 
> unconditionally during early bootup and change it to an udelay after 
> calibration. (or use it after early bootup too if a boot parameter has 
> been specified) Or something like this.

It's really going to have to be a known _un_used register and (the write 
direction of) port 0x80 is used exactly for that reason. Port 0xed is a 
known "alternate diagnostic port" used by Phoenix BIOSes at least but Peter 
Anvin reported trouble with that one -- probably for the outb direction but 
assuming that means something was in fact responding, we'd have the same 
timing problem.

I believe we have two "good" options:

1) port 0xed was tested by the current reporter and found to be safe (and 
provide slow enough timing). If DMI  based quirk hacks are available soon 
enough we can switch 0x80 to 0xed based on it. Are they?

2) the thing I posted in the message replied to where immediately after 
tsc_init() (which is before the PIT init) we switch to udelay() if we have a 
TSC which is ofcourse anything modern.

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 13:27                           ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-15 14:01                             ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-15 14:29                             ` Alan Cox
  2007-12-15 16:19                               ` David P. Reed
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2007-12-15 14:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Rene Herman, H. Peter Anvin, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, Pavel Machek

On Sat, 15 Dec 2007 14:27:25 +0100
Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:

> 
> * Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:
> 
> > The issue is -- how do you safely replace the outb pre-loops_per_jiffy 
> > calibration? I'm currently running with the attached hack (not 
> > submitted, only for 32-bit and discussion) the idea of which might be 
> > the best we can do?
> 
> how about doing a known-NOP chipset cycle? For example:
> 
>   inb(PIC_SLAVE_IMR)

It needs tobe a different chip to the main one (or macrocell anyway) - so
PIC for PIT and vice versa. However since we know 0x80 works for
everything on the planet but this one specifies of laptop which seems to
need a firmware update its a very high risk approach.

Alan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 14:29                             ` Alan Cox
@ 2007-12-15 16:19                               ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-15 16:48                                 ` Mark Lord
  2007-12-15 17:51                                 ` Alan Cox
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-15 16:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, H. Peter Anvin, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, Pavel Machek

I understand the risks of such a fundamental change, and it may be only 
a minor concern, but I did also point out that using an unused port 
causes the bus to be tied up for a microsecond or two, which matters on 
a fast SMP machine.

Of course all the other concerns you guys are worrying about are really 
important.  I don't want to break anybody's running systems...  I'd like 
to see my machine run smoothly, and all the other machines that may or 
may not have this problem (google "hwclock freeze" to see that I'm far 
from alone - I just have persevered in "bisecting" this problem with 
kernel tweaks for months, whereas the others did not or did not know how).

By the way, this laptop is really nice for Linux in lots of ways.  Dual 
drives, so I set it up with software RAID for reliability, dual 64-bit 
processors, fast 3D graphics, etc.  Great battery life.  Just one last 
kernel issue.

I also note that curent machines like the problem machine have ACPI, and 
maybe those would be the ones that vendors might start to define port 80 
to mean something. As I noted, it /seems/ to be only when ACPI is turned 
on that this problem happens on my machine - that's when the OS starts 
to be involved in servicing various things, so it suggests that maybe 
things change about port 80's unknown function on these machines when 
ACPI is servicing the system management code (that's not something I 
have been able to verify).

My belief is that my machine has some device that is responding to port 
80 by doing something.  And that something requires some other program 
to "service" port 80 in some way.  But it sure would be nice to know.   
I can't personally sand off the top of the chipset to put probes into it 
- so my normal approach of putting a logic analyzer on the bus doesn't work.

PS: If I have time, I may try to build Rene's port 80 test for Windows 
and run it under WinXP on this machine (I still have a crappy little 
partition that boots it).   If it freezes the same way, it's almost 
certain a design "feature", and if it doesn't freeze, we might suspect 
that there is compensating logic in either Windows ACPI code or some way 
that windows "sets up" the machine.

Alan Cox wrote:
> On Sat, 15 Dec 2007 14:27:25 +0100
> Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:
>
>   
>> * Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>>     
>>> The issue is -- how do you safely replace the outb pre-loops_per_jiffy 
>>> calibration? I'm currently running with the attached hack (not 
>>> submitted, only for 32-bit and discussion) the idea of which might be 
>>> the best we can do?
>>>       
>> how about doing a known-NOP chipset cycle? For example:
>>
>>   inb(PIC_SLAVE_IMR)
>>     
>
> It needs tobe a different chip to the main one (or macrocell anyway) - so
> PIC for PIT and vice versa. However since we know 0x80 works for
> everything on the planet but this one specifies of laptop which seems to
> need a firmware update its a very high risk approach.
>
> Alan
>
>   

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 16:19                               ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-15 16:48                                 ` Mark Lord
  2007-12-15 17:51                                 ` Alan Cox
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Mark Lord @ 2007-12-15 16:48 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Alan Cox, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, H. Peter Anvin,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman,
	Pavel Machek

This change seems rather unlikely for 2.6.24 at this point (high risk),
but could be good for 2.6.25.

One thing it should probably have for the early going,
is a simple way to turn it on/off at boot time,
so that we don't have people "stuck" unable to run
the test kernels should something weird happen.

Alan / David / Ingo,

What do you think of the idea of a *temporary* boot flag for this,
something like port80=on/off (pick a suitable name) ?

Cheers

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15  5:45                               ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-15 17:17                                 ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-15 17:46                                   ` Alan Cox
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-15 17:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman



H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> David P. Reed wrote:
>> Just a thought for a way to fix the "very early" timing needed to set 
>> up udelay to work in a way that works on all machines.  Perhaps we 
>> haven't exploited the BIOS enough:  The PC BIOS since the PC AT 
>> (286)  has always had a standard "countdown timer" way to delay for n 
>> microseconds, which as far as I know still works.   This can be used 
>> to measure the speed of a delay loop, without using ANY in/out 
>> instructions directly (the ones in the BIOS are presumably correctly 
>> delayed...).
>
> If we enter from the 32-bit entrypoint, we already don't have access 
> to the BIOS, though.
>
My understanding is that the linux starts in real mode, and uses the 
BIOS for such things as reading the very first image.   
arch/x86/boot/main.c seems to use BIOS calls, and one can do what I 
wrote in C or asm.  Good place to measure the appropriate delay timing, 
and pass it on forward.  That's what I was suggesting, which is why I 
copied the ASM routine from my old code listing as I did.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 17:17                                 ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-15 17:46                                   ` Alan Cox
  2007-12-17 22:50                                     ` Jan Engelhardt
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2007-12-15 17:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

> My understanding is that the linux starts in real mode, and uses the 
> BIOS for such things as reading the very first image.   

Not always. We may enter from 32bit in some cases, and we may also not
have a PC BIOS in the first place.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 16:19                               ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-15 16:48                                 ` Mark Lord
@ 2007-12-15 17:51                                 ` Alan Cox
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2007-12-15 17:51 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, H. Peter Anvin, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, Pavel Machek

> a minor concern, but I did also point out that using an unused port 
> causes the bus to be tied up for a microsecond or two, which matters on 
> a fast SMP machine.

And I did point out I'd found locking cases that may be relying upon this

> I also note that curent machines like the problem machine have ACPI, and 
> maybe those would be the ones that vendors might start to define port 80 
> to mean something. As I noted, it /seems/ to be only when ACPI is turned 

Port 0x80 means debug. You appear to have a laptop with some kind of
buggy firmware that wants a BIOS update. Everyone use 0x80 for debug -
its in the chipset hardware quite often.

> My belief is that my machine has some device that is responding to port 
> 80 by doing something.  And that something requires some other program 
> to "service" port 80 in some way.  But it sure would be nice to know.   
> I can't personally sand off the top of the chipset to put probes into it 
> - so my normal approach of putting a logic analyzer on the bus doesn't work.

Almost certainly a SMI trap.

> PS: If I have time, I may try to build Rene's port 80 test for Windows 
> and run it under WinXP on this machine 

That would be very interesting.

Alan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 14:01                             ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-15 20:25                               ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-15 20:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, Pavel Machek, Alan Cox

Rene Herman wrote:
> 
> It's really going to have to be a known _un_used register and (the write 
> direction of) port 0x80 is used exactly for that reason. Port 0xed is a 
> known "alternate diagnostic port" used by Phoenix BIOSes at least but 
> Peter Anvin reported trouble with that one -- probably for the outb 
> direction but assuming that means something was in fact responding, we'd 
> have the same timing problem.
> 

Yes, for the outbound direction.

> I believe we have two "good" options:
> 
> 1) port 0xed was tested by the current reporter and found to be safe 
> (and provide slow enough timing). If DMI  based quirk hacks are 
> available soon enough we can switch 0x80 to 0xed based on it. Are they?

DMI is just a data structure parked in memory, so it should at least be 
theoretically possible to get to it.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15  8:08                             ` Paul Rolland
  2007-12-15  8:13                               ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-15 20:26                               ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-15 22:55                                 ` Pavel Machek
  2007-12-16  9:27                                 ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-15 20:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Paul Rolland
  Cc: Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, rol

Paul Rolland wrote:
> Just an idea : from what I've read, the problem (port 80 hanging) only occurs
> on 'modern' machines...

It happens on *one single* "modern" machine...

Let's keep that in perspective.
	
	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15  8:13                               ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-15 20:27                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-15 23:26                                   ` [PATCH] x86: " Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-15 20:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> 
> Yes, just posted a Patch-For-Comments that switches on the availability 
> of a TSC (tsc_init sets tsc_disable also for !cpu_has_tsc) which would 
> mean that only really old stuff would be using the outb still. A TSC is 
> really all we need to have a sensible udelay().
> 

Uhm, no.  You have no clue what the speed of the TSC is until you have 
been able to calibrate it against a fixed timesource - like the PIT.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 20:26                               ` [PATCH] x86_64: " H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-15 22:55                                 ` Pavel Machek
  2007-12-16  9:27                                 ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Machek @ 2007-12-15 22:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, rol

On Sat 2007-12-15 12:26:26, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> Paul Rolland wrote:
>> Just an idea : from what I've read, the problem (port 80 hanging) only 
>> occurs
>> on 'modern' machines...
>
> It happens on *one single* "modern" machine...
>
> Let's keep that in perspective.

it hurts on other machines (like debug leds being useless), and it may
be incorrect as soon as you insert leds-on-port-0x80-on-PCI card.

No, it is not critical but yes, I'd like to see it fixed.

									Pavel
-- 
(english) http://www.livejournal.com/~pavelmachek
(cesky, pictures) http://atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~pavel/picture/horses/blog.html

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 14:23                     ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-14 14:36                       ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-15 22:59                       ` Pavel Machek
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Machek @ 2007-12-15 22:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Rene Herman, David P. Reed, Alan Cox, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin

On Fri 2007-12-14 15:23:55, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> 
> * Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:
> 
> > --- a/init/main.c
> > +++ b/init/main.c
> > @@ -229,10 +229,9 @@ static int __init obsolete_checksetup(char *line)
> >  }
> >
> >  /*
> > - * This should be approx 2 Bo*oMips to start (note initial shift), and will
> > - * still work even if initially too large, it will just take slightly longer
> > + * Initial value roughly corresponds to a 1 GHz CPU
> >   */
> > -unsigned long loops_per_jiffy = (1<<12);
> > +unsigned long loops_per_jiffy = 1000000000 / HZ;
> >
> >  EXPORT_SYMBOL(loops_per_jiffy);
> 
> this is a factor of ~2400 increase - this will take an eternity to boot 
> on any older CPU.

I don't think we are using outb_p before loops_per_jiffy are
initialized -- I believe I'd see oopsen if we did. Factor 2400
increase is bad, but if it only converts 10x 1usec delay into 10x
24msec delay, it is not _that_ bad.
								Pavel
-- 
(english) http://www.livejournal.com/~pavelmachek
(cesky, pictures) http://atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~pavel/picture/horses/blog.html

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 13:15                   ` Ingo Molnar
                                       ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2007-12-14 18:02                     ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-15 23:00                     ` Pavel Machek
  2007-12-15 23:04                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Machek @ 2007-12-15 23:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman

On Fri 2007-12-14 14:15:03, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> 
> * David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com> wrote:
> 
> > Replace use of outb to "unused" diagnostic port 0x80 for time delay 
> > with udelay based time delay on x86_64 architecture machines.  Fix for 
> > bugs 9511 and 6307 in bugzilla, plus bugs reported in 
> > bugzilla.redhat.com.
> >
> > Derived from suggestion (that didn't compile) by Pavel Machek, and 
> > tested, also based on measurements of typical timings of out's 
> > collated by Rene Herman from many in the community.
> >
> > This patch fixes a number of bugs known to cause problems on HP
> > Pavilion dv9000z and dv6000z laptops - in the form of solid freezes
> > when hwclock is used to show or set the time.  Also, it potentially
> > improves bus utilization on SMP machines, by using a waiting process
> > that doesn't tie up the ISA/LPC bus for 1 or 2 microseconds.
> >
> > i386 family fixes (completely parallel) were not included, considering 
> > that such machines might involve more risk of problems on legacy 
> > machines.
> 
> wow, cool fix! (I remember that there were other systems as well that 
> are affected by port 0x80 muckery - i thought we had removed port 0x80 
> accesses long ago.)
> 
> how about the simpler fix below, as a first-level approach? We can then 
> remove the _p in/out sequences after this.
> 
> this is also something for v2.6.24 merging.

As much as I like this patch, I do not think it is suitable for
.24. Too risky, I'd say.

-- 
(english) http://www.livejournal.com/~pavelmachek
(cesky, pictures) http://atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~pavel/picture/horses/blog.html

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 23:00                     ` Pavel Machek
@ 2007-12-15 23:04                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-16  9:40                         ` Ingo Molnar
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-15 23:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Machek
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

Pavel Machek wrote:
>>
>> this is also something for v2.6.24 merging.
> 
> As much as I like this patch, I do not think it is suitable for
> .24. Too risky, I'd say.
> 

No kidding!  We're talking about removing a hack that has been 
successful on thousands of pieces of hardware over 15 years because it 
breaks ONE machine.

If this should be done at all it should be done in the most careful 
manner possible.  2.6.25 would be an aggressive schedule.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] x86: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 20:27                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-15 23:26                                   ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-15 23:51                                     ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-16  0:23                                     ` [PATCH] x86: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-15 23:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, rol

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 2499 bytes --]

On 15-12-07 21:27, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> Rene Herman wrote:
>>
>> Yes, just posted a Patch-For-Comments that switches on the 
>> availability of a TSC (tsc_init sets tsc_disable also for 
>> !cpu_has_tsc) which would mean that only really old stuff would be 
>> using the outb still. A TSC is really all we need to have a sensible 
>> udelay().
> 
> Uhm, no.  You have no clue what the speed of the TSC is until you have 
> been able to calibrate it against a fixed timesource - like the PIT.

Yes. Hnng. Okay, this is going nowhere in a hurry, so back to the very first 
suggestion in this thread. How about this? This allows to switch from port 
0x80 to port 0xed based on DMI.

David: I plugged in my own DMI values for testing, but obviously yours are 
needed. The values that are needed are retrieved by the "dmidecode" program 
which you will probably have installed (it might be in an sbin directory) or 
will be able to install through whatever package manager you use.

dmidecode -s baseboard-manufacturer
dmidecode -s baseboard-product-name

are the values you should plug into the .matches field in the dmi_system_id 
struct in this. It would be great if you could do that, test, and post back 
with those values. .ident should be a nice human name.

It's been tested on x86-32 and seems to work fine. It's not been tested on 
x86-64 but seems to stand a fair chance of working similarly.

It ofcourse remains possible to switch to a udelay() based method later on 
anyways but with all the pre-calibratin trouble, this might be the lowest 
risk method in the short run.

This is partly based on previous patches by Pavel Machek and David P. Reed.

I hope this is considered half-way correct/sane (note by the way that it's 
not a good idea to switch a "native_io_delay_port" value since plugging in a 
variable port would clobber register dx for every outb_p, which would then 
have to be reloaded for the next outb again). Comments appreciated.

Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>

  arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c |    8 ++---
  arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c |    8 ++---
  arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32        |    2 -
  arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64        |    2 -
  arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c         |   53 
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
  arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c         |    2 +
  arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c         |    2 +
  include/asm-x86/io_32.h            |   17 ++---------
  include/asm-x86/io_64.h            |   23 ++++++----------


[-- Attachment #2: dmi-io_delay.diff --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 7133 bytes --]

commit 4a7e75776c648102488a89dbfad516448830ab1a
Author: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
Date:   Sun Dec 16 00:24:32 2007 +0100

    foo

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
index b74d60d..288e162 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
index 6ea015a..43e5fcc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
index a7bc93c..0cc1981 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ CPPFLAGS_vmlinux.lds += -Ui386
 obj-y	:= process_32.o signal_32.o entry_32.o traps_32.o irq_32.o \
 		ptrace_32.o time_32.o ioport_32.o ldt_32.o setup_32.o i8259_32.o sys_i386_32.o \
 		pci-dma_32.o i386_ksyms_32.o i387_32.o bootflag.o e820_32.o\
-		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o
+		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
index 5a88890..08a68f0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ obj-y	:= process_64.o signal_64.o entry_64.o traps_64.o irq_64.o \
 		x8664_ksyms_64.o i387_64.o syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o \
 		setup64.o bootflag.o e820_64.o reboot_64.o quirks.o i8237.o \
 		pci-dma_64.o pci-nommu_64.o alternative.o hpet.o tsc_64.o bugs_64.o \
-		i8253.o
+		i8253.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1a2a856
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/dmi.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+#define IO_DELAY(port) asm volatile ("outb %%al, %0" : : "N" ((port)))
+
+static void standard_io_delay(void)
+{
+	IO_DELAY(0x80);
+}
+
+static void alternate_io_delay(void)
+{
+	IO_DELAY(0xed);
+}
+
+void (*native_io_delay)(void) = standard_io_delay;
+
+void slow_down_io(void) {
+	native_io_delay();
+#ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+#endif
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(slow_down_io);
+
+static int __init dmi_alternate_io_delay(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
+{
+	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay.\n", id->ident);
+	native_io_delay = alternate_io_delay;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct dmi_system_id __initdata alternate_io_delay_dmi_table[] = {
+	{
+		.callback	= dmi_alternate_io_delay,
+		.ident		= "Gigabyte GA-7IXE4",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Gigabyte Technology Co., Ltd."),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "7IXE4")
+		}
+	},
+	{
+	}
+};
+
+void __init io_delay_init(void)
+{
+	dmi_check_system(alternate_io_delay_dmi_table);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
index e1e18c3..6c3a3b4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
@@ -648,6 +648,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_GENERICARCH
 	generic_apic_probe();
 #endif	
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
index 30d94d1..ec976ed 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
@@ -311,6 +311,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 	/* setup to use the static apicid table during kernel startup */
 	x86_cpu_to_apicid_ptr = (void *)&x86_cpu_to_apicid_init;
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
index fe881cd..bf352e3 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,24 +250,13 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(void)
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+extern void (*native_io_delay)(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
 #else
-
-static inline void slow_down_io(void) {
-	native_io_delay();
-#ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-	native_io_delay();
-	native_io_delay();
-	native_io_delay();
-#endif
-}
-
+extern void slow_down_io(void);
 #endif
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_NUMAQ
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
index a037b07..486a110 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,8 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
-
-#ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#endif
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+extern void slow_down_io(void);
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -50,21 +45,21 @@
 static inline void out##s(unsigned x value, unsigned short port) {
 
 #define __OUT2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1" : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port))
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
-__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); } \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); }
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
 
 #define __IN2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0" : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port))
 
-#define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
-__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+#define __IN(s,s1) \
+__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); return _v; }
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 23:26                                   ` [PATCH] x86: " Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-15 23:51                                     ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-16  0:05                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-16 13:15                                       ` [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override Rene Herman
  2007-12-16  0:23                                     ` [PATCH] x86: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc David P. Reed
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-15 23:51 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> 
> I hope this is considered half-way correct/sane (note by the way that 
> it's not a good idea to switch a "native_io_delay_port" value since 
> plugging in a variable port would clobber register dx for every outb_p, 
> which would then have to be reloaded for the next outb again). Comments 
> appreciated.
> 

That actually wouldn't be that big of a deal.  Switching values in and 
out of registers is dirt cheap (and MUCH cheaper than an indirect 
function call) -- of course, if there is a reason to do it for 
paravirtualization then that's fine; we're talking about something that 
makes even the slowest CPU operation look speedy anyhow.

If in*_p and out*_p are out-of-lined then %dx would be dead anyway, and 
so there is even less reason to deal with it.

In theory we could use an alternatives section and patch the 
instruction, too; seems like way overkill, though.

Note, however, that your code doesn't deal with io_delay()'s in the boot 
code (arch/x86/boot) at all, nor (obviously) io_delay()'s in boot 
loaders.  In the boot code, access to DMI data is NOT available (we 
can't even use the INT 15h mover if we want to continue to support Loadlin.)

In the boot code, io_delay() is used to slow down accesses to the KBC, 
interrupt controller, INT13h logic, and the NMI gate, and to provide a 
fixed delay during A20 stabilization.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 23:51                                     ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-16  0:05                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-16 13:15                                       ` [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override Rene Herman
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-16  0:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, rol

H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> 
> Note, however, that your code doesn't deal with io_delay()'s in the boot 
> code (arch/x86/boot) at all, nor (obviously) io_delay()'s in boot 
> loaders.  In the boot code, access to DMI data is NOT available (we 
> can't even use the INT 15h mover if we want to continue to support 
> Loadlin.)
>

Correction: DMI data are at least supposedly available via the PNPBIOS 
calls specified in the SMBIOS spec.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 23:26                                   ` [PATCH] x86: " Rene Herman
  2007-12-15 23:51                                     ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-16  0:23                                     ` David P. Reed
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-16  0:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	Rene Herman, rol, Allen Martin

Here we go.

# dmidecode -s baseboard-manufacturer
Quanta
# dmidecode -s baseboard-product-name
30B9

There do seem to be other systems, besides mine, that have the same 
problem.  I think it's pretty likely that other machines that have this 
problem are Quanta machines, since Quanta is one of the primary ODM's 
that does HP laptops.   Don't know about the product-name being common 
with the HP dv6000z family, which is another one reported to have this 
problem.  We could try to ask all the reporters of hwclock freezes to 
report their results from dmidecode.


Rene Herman wrote:
> On 15-12-07 21:27, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
>
>> Rene Herman wrote:
>>>
>>> Yes, just posted a Patch-For-Comments that switches on the 
>>> availability of a TSC (tsc_init sets tsc_disable also for 
>>> !cpu_has_tsc) which would mean that only really old stuff would be 
>>> using the outb still. A TSC is really all we need to have a sensible 
>>> udelay().
>>
>> Uhm, no.  You have no clue what the speed of the TSC is until you 
>> have been able to calibrate it against a fixed timesource - like the 
>> PIT.
>
> Yes. Hnng. Okay, this is going nowhere in a hurry, so back to the very 
> first suggestion in this thread. How about this? This allows to switch 
> from port 0x80 to port 0xed based on DMI.
>
> David: I plugged in my own DMI values for testing, but obviously yours 
> are needed. The values that are needed are retrieved by the 
> "dmidecode" program which you will probably have installed (it might 
> be in an sbin directory) or will be able to install through whatever 
> package manager you use.
>
> dmidecode -s baseboard-manufacturer
> dmidecode -s baseboard-product-name
>
> are the values you should plug into the .matches field in the 
> dmi_system_id struct in this. It would be great if you could do that, 
> test, and post back with those values. .ident should be a nice human 
> name.
>
> It's been tested on x86-32 and seems to work fine. It's not been 
> tested on x86-64 but seems to stand a fair chance of working similarly.
>
> It ofcourse remains possible to switch to a udelay() based method 
> later on anyways but with all the pre-calibratin trouble, this might 
> be the lowest risk method in the short run.
>
> This is partly based on previous patches by Pavel Machek and David P. 
> Reed.
>
> I hope this is considered half-way correct/sane (note by the way that 
> it's not a good idea to switch a "native_io_delay_port" value since 
> plugging in a variable port would clobber register dx for every 
> outb_p, which would then have to be reloaded for the next outb again). 
> Comments appreciated.
>
> Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
>
>  arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c |    8 ++---
>  arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c |    8 ++---
>  arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32        |    2 -
>  arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64        |    2 -
>  arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c         |   53 
> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c         |    2 +
>  arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c         |    2 +
>  include/asm-x86/io_32.h            |   17 ++---------
>  include/asm-x86/io_64.h            |   23 ++++++----------
>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 20:26                               ` [PATCH] x86_64: " H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-15 22:55                                 ` Pavel Machek
@ 2007-12-16  9:27                                 ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-16  9:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, rol


* H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:

> Paul Rolland wrote:
>> Just an idea : from what I've read, the problem (port 80 hanging) only occurs
>> on 'modern' machines...
>
> It happens on *one single* "modern" machine...
>
> Let's keep that in perspective.

two or three i think (and an unknown of others where "random, 
unexplained freezes" were thought to be hw borkage), but yeah, it's 
still a very low proportion.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 23:04                       ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-16  9:40                         ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-16 21:43                           ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-16  9:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Pavel Machek, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman


* H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:

> Pavel Machek wrote:
>>>
>>> this is also something for v2.6.24 merging.
>>
>> As much as I like this patch, I do not think it is suitable for
>> .24. Too risky, I'd say.
>>
>
> No kidding!  We're talking about removing a hack that has been 
> successful on thousands of pieces of hardware over 15 years because it 
                                                             ^----[*]
> breaks ONE machine.

[*] "- none of which needs it anymore -"

there, fixed it for you ;-)

So lets keep this in perspective: this is a hack that only helps on a 
very low number of systems. (the PIT of one PII era chipset is known to 
be affected)

unfortunately this hack's side-effects are mis-used by an unknown number 
of drivers to mask PCI posting bugs. We want to figure out those bugs 
(safely and carefully) and we want to remove this hack from modern 
machines that dont need it. Doing anything else would be superstition.

anyway, we likely wont be doing anything about this in .24.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-15 23:51                                     ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-16  0:05                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-16 13:15                                       ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-16 15:22                                         ` Ingo Molnar
                                                           ` (2 more replies)
  1 sibling, 3 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-16 13:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Rene Herman, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar,
	David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 2355 bytes --]

On 16-12-07 00:51, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> Rene Herman wrote:
>>
>> I hope this is considered half-way correct/sane (note by the way that 
>> it's not a good idea to switch a "native_io_delay_port" value since 
>> plugging in a variable port would clobber register dx for every 
>> outb_p, which would then have to be reloaded for the next outb again). 
>> Comments appreciated.
> 
> That actually wouldn't be that big of a deal.  Switching values in and 
> out of registers is dirt cheap (and MUCH cheaper than an indirect 
> function call)

Well, I suppose. With stuff inline, constantly reloading dx also bloats 
things up a bit but yes, out of line who cares. Do you think this version is 
better?

> Note, however, that your code doesn't deal with io_delay()'s in the boot 
> code (arch/x86/boot) at all, nor (obviously) io_delay()'s in boot 
> loaders.  In the boot code, access to DMI data is NOT available (we 
> can't even use the INT 15h mover if we want to continue to support 
> Loadlin.)
> 
> In the boot code, io_delay() is used to slow down accesses to the KBC, 
> interrupt controller, INT13h logic, and the NMI gate, and to provide a 
> fixed delay during A20 stabilization.

Thanks for the heads up (also saw the SMBIOS update to this) but those don't 
seem to be a problem in fact. David Reed has been running with the simple 
udelay(2) version of this and reported no more hangs. He moreover reported 
no trouble after booting with "acpi=off" meaning that things seem to be fine 
pre-acpi which the boot code (and this io_delay_init) is. So I believe we 
get to ignore those.

David: I've plugged in your DMI values in this. Could you perhaps test this 
to confirm that it works for you?

Any ACKs, NAKs or further comments from others in this thread also welcome.

Changelog in the patch.

  arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c |    8 ++---
  arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c |    8 ++---
  arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32        |    2 -
  arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64        |    2 -
  arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c         |   54 
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
  arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c         |    2 +
  arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c         |    2 +
  include/asm-x86/io_32.h            |   17 ++---------
  include/asm-x86/io_64.h            |   23 ++++++---------
  9 files changed, 80 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

Rene.

[-- Attachment #2: dmi-io_delay.diff --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 9858 bytes --]

commit a17ccb1964b53fd4ab00d501b7f229a9a6cf91d1
Author: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
Date:   Sun Dec 16 13:36:39 2007 +0100

    x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
    
    Certain (HP) laptops experience trouble from our port 0x80 I/O delay
    writes. This patch provides for a DMI based switch to the "alternate
    diagnostic port" 0xed (as used by some BIOSes as well) for these.
    
    David P. Reed confirmed that port 0xed works for him and provides a
    proper delay. The symptoms of _not_ working are a hanging machine,
    with "hwclock" use being a direct trigger.
    
    Earlier versions of this attempted to simply use udelay(2), with the
    2 being a value tested to be a nicely conservative upper-bound with
    help from many on the linux-kernel mailinglist, but that approach has
    two problems.
    
    First, pre-loops_per_jiffy calibration (which is post PIT init while
    some implementations of the PIT are actually one of the historically
    problematic devices that need the delay) udelay() isn't particularly
    well-defined. We could initialise loops_per_jiffy conservatively (and
    based on CPU family so as to not unduly delay old machines) which
    would sort of work, but still leaves problem 2.
    
    Second, delaying isn't the only effect that a write to port 0x80 has.
    It's also a PCI posting barrier which some devices may be explicitly
    or implicitly relying on. Alan Cox did a survey and found evidence
    that additionally some drivers may be racy on SMP without the bus
    locking outb.
    
    Switching to an inb() makes the timing too unpredictable and as such,
    this DMI based switch should be the safest approach for now. Any more
    invasive changes should get more rigid testing first. It's moreover
    only very few machines with the problem and a DMI based hack seems
    to fit that situation.
    
    This does not change the io_delay() in the boot code which is using
    the same port 0x80 I/O delay but those do not appear to be a problem
    as David P. Reed reported the problem was already gone after using the
    udelay(2) version of this. He moreover reported that booting with
    "acpi=off" also fixed things and seeing as how ACPI isn't touched
    until after this DMI based I/O port switch I believe it's safe to
    leave the ones in the boot code be.
    
    The DMI strings from David's HP Pavilion dv9000z are in there already
    and we need to get/verify the DMI info from other machines with the
    problem, notably the HP Pavilion dv6000z.
    
    This patch is partly based on earlier patches from Pavel Machek and
    David P. Reed.
    
    Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
index b74d60d..288e162 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
index 6ea015a..43e5fcc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
index a7bc93c..0cc1981 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ CPPFLAGS_vmlinux.lds += -Ui386
 obj-y	:= process_32.o signal_32.o entry_32.o traps_32.o irq_32.o \
 		ptrace_32.o time_32.o ioport_32.o ldt_32.o setup_32.o i8259_32.o sys_i386_32.o \
 		pci-dma_32.o i386_ksyms_32.o i387_32.o bootflag.o e820_32.o\
-		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o
+		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
index 5a88890..08a68f0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ obj-y	:= process_64.o signal_64.o entry_64.o traps_64.o irq_64.o \
 		x8664_ksyms_64.o i387_64.o syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o \
 		setup64.o bootflag.o e820_64.o reboot_64.o quirks.o i8237.o \
 		pci-dma_64.o pci-nommu_64.o alternative.o hpet.o tsc_64.o bugs_64.o \
-		i8253.o
+		i8253.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d889c43
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/dmi.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+/*
+ * Some machines get upset at port 0x80 writes which we use as
+ * an I/O delay. Allow for a DMI based override to alternate
+ * port 0xed.
+ */
+#define STANDARD_IO_DELAY_PORT	0x80
+#define ALTERNATE_IO_DELAY_PORT	0xed
+
+static unsigned short io_delay_port = STANDARD_IO_DELAY_PORT;
+
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	asm volatile ("outb %%al, %w0" : : "d" (io_delay_port));
+}
+
+void slow_down_io(void) {
+	native_io_delay();
+#ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+#endif
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(slow_down_io);
+
+static int __init dmi_alternate_io_delay_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
+{
+	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
+	io_delay_port = ALTERNATE_IO_DELAY_PORT;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct dmi_system_id __initdata alternate_io_delay_port_dmi_table[] = {
+	{
+		.callback	= dmi_alternate_io_delay_port,
+		.ident		= "HP Pavilion dv9000z",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30B9")
+		}
+	},
+	{
+	}
+};
+
+void __init io_delay_init(void)
+{
+	dmi_check_system(alternate_io_delay_port_dmi_table);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
index e1e18c3..6c3a3b4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
@@ -648,6 +648,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_GENERICARCH
 	generic_apic_probe();
 #endif	
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
index 30d94d1..ec976ed 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
@@ -311,6 +311,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 	/* setup to use the static apicid table during kernel startup */
 	x86_cpu_to_apicid_ptr = (void *)&x86_cpu_to_apicid_init;
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
index fe881cd..5d4e5e5 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,24 +250,13 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(void)
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
 #else
-
-static inline void slow_down_io(void) {
-	native_io_delay();
-#ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-	native_io_delay();
-	native_io_delay();
-	native_io_delay();
-#endif
-}
-
+extern void slow_down_io(void);
 #endif
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_NUMAQ
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
index a037b07..486a110 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,8 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
-
-#ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#endif
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+extern void slow_down_io(void);
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -50,21 +45,21 @@
 static inline void out##s(unsigned x value, unsigned short port) {
 
 #define __OUT2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1" : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port))
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
-__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); } \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); }
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
 
 #define __IN2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0" : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port))
 
-#define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
-__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+#define __IN(s,s1) \
+__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); return _v; }
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-16 13:15                                       ` [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-16 15:22                                         ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17  1:43                                           ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-16 21:42                                         ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-16 23:12                                         ` David P. Reed
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-16 15:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:

> Any ACKs, NAKs or further comments from others in this thread also 
> welcome.

looks good to me. Could you please also provide three more controls that 
i suggested earlier:

 - a boot option enabling/disabling the udelay based code
 - a .config method of enabling/disabling the udelay based code
 - a sysctl to toggle it

if we want to clean this all up we'll need as many controls as possible.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-16 13:15                                       ` [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override Rene Herman
  2007-12-16 15:22                                         ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-16 21:42                                         ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17  1:48                                           ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-16 23:12                                         ` David P. Reed
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-16 21:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> 
> Well, I suppose. With stuff inline, constantly reloading dx also bloats 
> things up a bit but yes, out of line who cares. Do you think this 
> version is better?
> 

It probably comes down to which version is bigger (you probably also 
want to try uninlining.)

>> In the boot code, io_delay() is used to slow down accesses to the KBC, 
>> interrupt controller, INT13h logic, and the NMI gate, and to provide a 
>> fixed delay during A20 stabilization.
> 
> Thanks for the heads up (also saw the SMBIOS update to this) but those 
> don't seem to be a problem in fact. David Reed has been running with the 
> simple udelay(2) version of this and reported no more hangs. He moreover 
> reported no trouble after booting with "acpi=off" meaning that things 
> seem to be fine pre-acpi which the boot code (and this io_delay_init) 
> is. So I believe we get to ignore those.

Okay, so there is something inside ACPI which tickles this.  Which 
brings further credibility that it's activating a debugging hack, 
probably inside the SuperIO/system controller chip.

It would be interesting to know exactly which part of ACPI triggers 
this.  I bet it is a reference to system controller namespace.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-16  9:40                         ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-16 21:43                           ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-16 23:06                             ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-17  1:51                             ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-16 21:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Pavel Machek, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

Ingo Molnar wrote:
> * H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:
> 
>> Pavel Machek wrote:
>>>> this is also something for v2.6.24 merging.
>>> As much as I like this patch, I do not think it is suitable for
>>> .24. Too risky, I'd say.
>>>
>> No kidding!  We're talking about removing a hack that has been 
>> successful on thousands of pieces of hardware over 15 years because it 
>                                                              ^----[*]
>> breaks ONE machine.
> 
> [*] "- none of which needs it anymore -"
> 
> there, fixed it for you ;-)
> 
> So lets keep this in perspective: this is a hack that only helps on a 
> very low number of systems. (the PIT of one PII era chipset is known to 
> be affected)

Yes, but the status quo has been *tested* on thousands of systems and is 
known to work.  Thus, changing it puts things into unknown territory, 
even if only a small number of machines actually need the current 
configuration.

Heck, there are only a small number of 386/486 machines still in 
operation and being actively updated.

> unfortunately this hack's side-effects are mis-used by an unknown number 
> of drivers to mask PCI posting bugs. We want to figure out those bugs 
> (safely and carefully) and we want to remove this hack from modern 
> machines that dont need it. Doing anything else would be superstition.
> 
> anyway, we likely wont be doing anything about this in .24.

Again, 24 is "right out".  25 is a "maybe", IMO.  Rene's fix could be an 
exception, since it is a DMI-keyed workaround for a specific machine and 
doesn't change behaviour in general.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-16 21:43                           ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-16 23:06                             ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-16 23:23                               ` Pavel Machek
  2007-12-17  1:51                             ` Rene Herman
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-16 23:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

The process of safely making delicate changes here is beyond my 
responsibility as just a user - believe me, I'm not suggesting that a 
risky fix be put in .24.   I can patch my own kernels, and I can even 
share an unofficial patch with others for now, or suggest that Fedora 
and Ubuntu add it to their downstream.

May I make a small suggestion, though.   If the decision is a DMI-keyed 
switch from out-80 to udelay(2)  gets put in, perhaps there should also 
be a way for people to test their own configuration for the underlying 
problem made available as a script.   Though it is a "hack", all you 
need to freeze a problem system is to run a loop doing about 1000 "cat 
/dev/nvram > /dev/null"  commands.  If that leads to a freeze, one might 
ask to have the motherboard added to the DMI-key list.

H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> Ingo Molnar wrote:
>> * H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:
>>
>>> Pavel Machek wrote:
>>>>> this is also something for v2.6.24 merging.
>>>> As much as I like this patch, I do not think it is suitable for
>>>> .24. Too risky, I'd say.
>>>>
>>> No kidding!  We're talking about removing a hack that has been 
>>> successful on thousands of pieces of hardware over 15 years because it 
>>                                                              ^----[*]
>>> breaks ONE machine.
>>
>> [*] "- none of which needs it anymore -"
>>
>> there, fixed it for you ;-)
>>
>> So lets keep this in perspective: this is a hack that only helps on a 
>> very low number of systems. (the PIT of one PII era chipset is known 
>> to be affected)
>
> Yes, but the status quo has been *tested* on thousands of systems and 
> is known to work.  Thus, changing it puts things into unknown 
> territory, even if only a small number of machines actually need the 
> current configuration.
>
> Heck, there are only a small number of 386/486 machines still in 
> operation and being actively updated.
>
>> unfortunately this hack's side-effects are mis-used by an unknown 
>> number of drivers to mask PCI posting bugs. We want to figure out 
>> those bugs (safely and carefully) and we want to remove this hack 
>> from modern machines that dont need it. Doing anything else would be 
>> superstition.
>>
>> anyway, we likely wont be doing anything about this in .24.
>
> Again, 24 is "right out".  25 is a "maybe", IMO.  Rene's fix could be 
> an exception, since it is a DMI-keyed workaround for a specific 
> machine and doesn't change behaviour in general.
>
>     -hpa
>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-16 13:15                                       ` [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override Rene Herman
  2007-12-16 15:22                                         ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-16 21:42                                         ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-16 23:12                                         ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-17  1:56                                           ` Rene Herman
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-16 23:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol



Rene Herman wrote:
> David: I've plugged in your DMI values in this. Could you perhaps test 
> this to confirm that it works for you?
>
Will test it by tomorrow morning.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-16 23:06                             ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-16 23:23                               ` Pavel Machek
  2007-12-16 23:34                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Machek @ 2007-12-16 23:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

Hi!

> The process of safely making delicate changes here is beyond my 
> responsibility as just a user - believe me, I'm not suggesting that a risky 
> fix be put in .24.   I can patch my own kernels, and I can even share an 
> unofficial patch with others for now, or suggest that Fedora and Ubuntu add 
> it to their downstream.
>
> May I make a small suggestion, though.   If the decision is a DMI-keyed 
> switch from out-80 to udelay(2)  gets put in, perhaps there should also be 
> a way for people to test their own configuration for the underlying problem 
> made available as a script.   Though it is a "hack", all you need to freeze 
> a problem system is to run a loop doing about 1000 "cat /dev/nvram > 
> /dev/null"  commands.  If that leads to a freeze, one might ask to have the 
> motherboard added to the DMI-key list.

Can you freeze it by catting /dev/rtc, too? That may be significant,
because that is readable for group audio (at least on some
systems)... which would smell like "small security hole" to me.
									Pavel
-- 
(english) http://www.livejournal.com/~pavelmachek
(cesky, pictures) http://atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~pavel/picture/horses/blog.html

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-16 23:23                               ` Pavel Machek
@ 2007-12-16 23:34                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-26 20:49                                   ` Pavel Machek
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-16 23:34 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Machek
  Cc: David P. Reed, Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

Pavel Machek wrote:
> Hi!
> 
>> The process of safely making delicate changes here is beyond my 
>> responsibility as just a user - believe me, I'm not suggesting that a risky 
>> fix be put in .24.   I can patch my own kernels, and I can even share an 
>> unofficial patch with others for now, or suggest that Fedora and Ubuntu add 
>> it to their downstream.
>>
>> May I make a small suggestion, though.   If the decision is a DMI-keyed 
>> switch from out-80 to udelay(2)  gets put in, perhaps there should also be 
>> a way for people to test their own configuration for the underlying problem 
>> made available as a script.   Though it is a "hack", all you need to freeze 
>> a problem system is to run a loop doing about 1000 "cat /dev/nvram > 
>> /dev/null"  commands.  If that leads to a freeze, one might ask to have the 
>> motherboard added to the DMI-key list.
> 
> Can you freeze it by catting /dev/rtc, too? That may be significant,
> because that is readable for group audio (at least on some
> systems)... which would smell like "small security hole" to me.
> 									Pavel

Heck, on my system (Fedora 7), it's mode 644...

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-16 15:22                                         ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-17  1:43                                           ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17  2:05                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 10:57                                             ` Ingo Molnar
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17  1:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1427 bytes --]

On 16-12-07 16:22, Ingo Molnar wrote:

> looks good to me. Could you please also provide three more controls that 
> i suggested earlier:
> 
>  - a boot option enabling/disabling the udelay based code
>  - a .config method of enabling/disabling the udelay based code
>  - a sysctl to toggle it
> 
> if we want to clean this all up we'll need as many controls as possible.

This version does the boot and the .config option but not the sysctl. It 
makes for clumsy code and I don't believe it provides for much added value 
as soon as you have the boot option. I am moreover not completely confident 
about things such as paravirt liking the possibility of the native_io_delay 
being changed out from under them at unpredictable times.

So how is this? Also fixes a few problems with the previous version.

  Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt |    8 ++
  arch/x86/Kconfig.debug              |    9 +++
  arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c  |    8 +-
  arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c  |    8 +-
  arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32         |    2
  arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64         |    2
  arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c          |  103 
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
  arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c          |    2
  arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c          |    2
  include/asm-x86/io_32.h             |    6 --
  include/asm-x86/io_64.h             |   27 +++++----
  11 files changed, 152 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

Rene.

[-- Attachment #2: dmi-io_delay2.diff --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 12737 bytes --]

commit 5001121e449040aa9cc021f69bfb191662c13004
Author: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
Date:   Sun Dec 16 13:36:39 2007 +0100

    x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
    
    Certain (HP) laptops experience trouble from our port 0x80 I/O delay
    writes. This patch provides for a DMI based switch to the "alternate
    diagnostic port" 0xed (as used by some BIOSes as well) for these.
    
    David P. Reed confirmed that port 0xed works for him and provides a
    proper delay. The symptoms of _not_ working are a hanging machine,
    with "hwclock" use being a direct trigger.
    
    Earlier versions of this attempted to simply use udelay(2), with the
    2 being a value tested to be a nicely conservative upper-bound with
    help from many on the linux-kernel mailinglist but that approach has
    two problems.
    
    First, pre-loops_per_jiffy calibration (which is post PIT init while
    some implementations of the PIT are actually one of the historically
    problematic devices that need the delay) udelay() isn't particularly
    well-defined. We could initialise loops_per_jiffy conservatively (and
    based on CPU family so as to not unduly delay old machines) which
    would sort of work, but...
    
    Second, delaying isn't the only effect that a write to port 0x80 has.
    It's also a PCI posting barrier which some devices may be explicitly
    or implicitly relying on. Alan Cox did a survey and found evidence
    that additionally some drivers may be racy on SMP without the bus
    locking outb.
    
    Switching to an inb() makes the timing too unpredictable and as such,
    this DMI based switch should be the safest approach for now. Any more
    invasive changes should get more rigid testing first. It's moreover
    only very few machines with the problem and a DMI based hack seems
    to fit that situation.
    
    This also introduces a command-line parameter "io_delay" to override
    the DMI based choice again:
    
    	io_delay=<standard|alternate>
    
    where "standard" means using the standard port 0x80 and "alternate"
    port 0xed.
    
    At the request of Ingo Molnar this retains the udelay method as a
    config (CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY) and command-line ("io_delay=udelay")
    choice for testing purposes as well.
    
    This does not change the io_delay() in the boot code which is using
    the same port 0x80 I/O delay but those do not appear to be a problem
    as David P. Reed reported the problem was already gone after using the
    udelay version. He moreover reported that booting with "acpi=off" also
    fixed things and seeing as how ACPI isn't touched until after this DMI
    based I/O port switch I believe it's safe to leave the ones in the boot
    code be.
    
    The DMI strings from David's HP Pavilion dv9000z are in there already
    and we need to get/verify the DMI info from other machines with the
    problem, notably the HP Pavilion dv6000z.
    
    This patch is partly based on earlier patches from Pavel Machek and
    David P. Reed.
    
    Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>

diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 33121d6..9dce154 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -785,6 +785,14 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. It is defined in the file
 			for translation below 32 bit and if not available
 			then look in the higher range.
 
+	io_delay=	[X86-32,X86-64] I/O delay method
+		standard
+			Standard port 0x80 delay
+		alternate
+			Alternate port 0xed delay
+		udelay
+			Simple two microsecond delay
+
 	io7=		[HW] IO7 for Marvel based alpha systems
 			See comment before marvel_specify_io7 in
 			arch/alpha/kernel/core_marvel.c.
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug b/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
index 761ca7b..40aba67 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
@@ -112,4 +112,13 @@ config IOMMU_LEAK
 	  Add a simple leak tracer to the IOMMU code. This is useful when you
 	  are debugging a buggy device driver that leaks IOMMU mappings.
 
+config UDELAY_IO_DELAY
+	bool "Delay I/O through udelay instead of outb"
+	depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
+	help
+	  Make inb_p/outb_p use udelay() based delays by default. Please note
+	  that udelay() does not have the same bus-level side-effects that
+	  the normal outb based delay does meaning this could cause drivers
+	  to change behaviour and/or bugs to surface.
+
 endmenu
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
index b74d60d..288e162 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
index 6ea015a..43e5fcc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
index a7bc93c..0cc1981 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ CPPFLAGS_vmlinux.lds += -Ui386
 obj-y	:= process_32.o signal_32.o entry_32.o traps_32.o irq_32.o \
 		ptrace_32.o time_32.o ioport_32.o ldt_32.o setup_32.o i8259_32.o sys_i386_32.o \
 		pci-dma_32.o i386_ksyms_32.o i387_32.o bootflag.o e820_32.o\
-		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o
+		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
index 5a88890..08a68f0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ obj-y	:= process_64.o signal_64.o entry_64.o traps_64.o irq_64.o \
 		x8664_ksyms_64.o i387_64.o syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o \
 		setup64.o bootflag.o e820_64.o reboot_64.o quirks.o i8237.o \
 		pci-dma_64.o pci-nommu_64.o alternative.o hpet.o tsc_64.o bugs_64.o \
-		i8253.o
+		i8253.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4d955e7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -0,0 +1,106 @@
+/*
+ * I/O delay strategies for inb_p/outb_p
+ */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/dmi.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+/*
+ * Allow for a DMI based override of port 0x80 needed for certain HP laptops
+ */
+#define IO_DELAY_PORT_STD 0x80
+#define IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT 0xed
+
+static void standard_io_delay(void)
+{
+	asm volatile ("outb %%al, %0" : : "N" (IO_DELAY_PORT_STD));
+}
+
+static void alternate_io_delay(void)
+{
+	asm volatile ("outb %%al, %0" : : "N" (IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT));
+}
+
+/*
+ * 2 usecs is an upper-bound for the outb delay but note that udelay doesn't
+ * have the bus-level side-effects that outb does
+ */
+#define IO_DELAY_USECS 2
+
+/*
+ * High on a hill was a lonely goatherd
+ */
+static void udelay_io_delay(void)
+{
+	udelay(IO_DELAY_USECS);
+}
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
+static void (*io_delay)(void) = standard_io_delay;
+#else
+static void (*io_delay)(void) = udelay_io_delay;
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Paravirt wants native_io_delay to be a constant.
+ */
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	io_delay();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_io_delay);
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
+static int __init dmi_alternate_io_delay_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
+{
+	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
+	io_delay = alternate_io_delay;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct dmi_system_id __initdata alternate_io_delay_port_dmi_table[] = {
+	{
+		.callback	= dmi_alternate_io_delay_port,
+		.ident		= "HP Pavilion dv9000z",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30B9")
+		}
+	},
+	{
+	}
+};
+
+static int __initdata io_delay_override;
+
+void __init io_delay_init(void)
+{
+	if (!io_delay_override)
+		dmi_check_system(alternate_io_delay_port_dmi_table);
+}
+#endif
+
+static int __init io_delay_param(char *s)
+{
+	if (!s)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!strcmp(s, "standard"))
+		io_delay = standard_io_delay;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "alternate"))
+		io_delay = alternate_io_delay;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "udelay"))
+		io_delay = udelay_io_delay;
+	else
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
+	io_delay_override = 1;
+#endif
+	return 0;
+}
+
+early_param("io_delay", io_delay_param);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
index e1e18c3..6c3a3b4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
@@ -648,6 +648,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_GENERICARCH
 	generic_apic_probe();
 #endif	
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
index 30d94d1..ec976ed 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
@@ -311,6 +311,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 	/* setup to use the static apicid table during kernel startup */
 	x86_cpu_to_apicid_ptr = (void *)&x86_cpu_to_apicid_init;
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
index fe881cd..a8d25c3 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,14 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(void)
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
+#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+#else
+static inline void io_delay_init(void)
 {
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
 }
+#endif
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
index a037b07..5bebaf9 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,24 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
+#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+#else
+static inline void io_delay_init(void)
+{
+}
+#endif
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
+static inline void slow_down_io(void)
+{
+	native_io_delay();
 #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
 #endif
+}
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -50,21 +61,21 @@
 static inline void out##s(unsigned x value, unsigned short port) {
 
 #define __OUT2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1" : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port))
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
-__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); } \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); }
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
 
 #define __IN2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0" : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port))
 
-#define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
-__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+#define __IN(s,s1) \
+__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); return _v; }
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-16 21:42                                         ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17  1:48                                           ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17  1:53                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17  1:48 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 16-12-07 22:42, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> It probably comes down to which version is bigger (you probably also 
> want to try uninlining.)

slow_down_io() sort of needs to stay inline due to the REALLY_SLOW_IO thing. 
That stuff could use a cleanup, but that would be a diferent patch.

>> Thanks for the heads up (also saw the SMBIOS update to this) but those 
>> don't seem to be a problem in fact. David Reed has been running with 
>> the simple udelay(2) version of this and reported no more hangs. He 
>> moreover reported no trouble after booting with "acpi=off" meaning 
>> that things seem to be fine pre-acpi which the boot code (and this 
>> io_delay_init) is. So I believe we get to ignore those.
> 
> Okay, so there is something inside ACPI which tickles this.  Which 
> brings further credibility that it's activating a debugging hack, 
> probably inside the SuperIO/system controller chip.
> 
> It would be interesting to know exactly which part of ACPI triggers 
> this.  I bet it is a reference to system controller namespace.

Do you expect a BIOS update to be able to fix it? If so, I guess any DMI 
hack should take BIOS version into account.

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-16 21:43                           ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-16 23:06                             ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-17  1:51                             ` Rene Herman
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17  1:51 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Pavel Machek, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar

On 16-12-07 22:43, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> Again, 24 is "right out".  25 is a "maybe", IMO.  Rene's fix could be an 
> exception, since it is a DMI-keyed workaround for a specific machine and 
> doesn't change behaviour in general.

I've not much opinion on the schedule as I've not the problem but yes, it's 
intended as the low risk option.

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17  1:48                                           ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17  1:53                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-17  1:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> 
> Do you expect a BIOS update to be able to fix it? If so, I guess any DMI 
> hack should take BIOS version into account.
> 

Hard to know without knowing what it is.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-16 23:12                                         ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-17  1:56                                           ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17  2:04                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17  1:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 351 bytes --]

On 17-12-07 00:12, David P. Reed wrote:

> Rene Herman wrote:
>> David: I've plugged in your DMI values in this. Could you perhaps test 
>> this to confirm that it works for you?
>>
> Will test it by tomorrow morning.

Might as well test the new version then. Ingo Molnar requested a few changes 
and this fixes a couple of problems as well.

Rene.



[-- Attachment #2: dmi-io_delay2.diff --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 12737 bytes --]

commit 5001121e449040aa9cc021f69bfb191662c13004
Author: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
Date:   Sun Dec 16 13:36:39 2007 +0100

    x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
    
    Certain (HP) laptops experience trouble from our port 0x80 I/O delay
    writes. This patch provides for a DMI based switch to the "alternate
    diagnostic port" 0xed (as used by some BIOSes as well) for these.
    
    David P. Reed confirmed that port 0xed works for him and provides a
    proper delay. The symptoms of _not_ working are a hanging machine,
    with "hwclock" use being a direct trigger.
    
    Earlier versions of this attempted to simply use udelay(2), with the
    2 being a value tested to be a nicely conservative upper-bound with
    help from many on the linux-kernel mailinglist but that approach has
    two problems.
    
    First, pre-loops_per_jiffy calibration (which is post PIT init while
    some implementations of the PIT are actually one of the historically
    problematic devices that need the delay) udelay() isn't particularly
    well-defined. We could initialise loops_per_jiffy conservatively (and
    based on CPU family so as to not unduly delay old machines) which
    would sort of work, but...
    
    Second, delaying isn't the only effect that a write to port 0x80 has.
    It's also a PCI posting barrier which some devices may be explicitly
    or implicitly relying on. Alan Cox did a survey and found evidence
    that additionally some drivers may be racy on SMP without the bus
    locking outb.
    
    Switching to an inb() makes the timing too unpredictable and as such,
    this DMI based switch should be the safest approach for now. Any more
    invasive changes should get more rigid testing first. It's moreover
    only very few machines with the problem and a DMI based hack seems
    to fit that situation.
    
    This also introduces a command-line parameter "io_delay" to override
    the DMI based choice again:
    
    	io_delay=<standard|alternate>
    
    where "standard" means using the standard port 0x80 and "alternate"
    port 0xed.
    
    At the request of Ingo Molnar this retains the udelay method as a
    config (CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY) and command-line ("io_delay=udelay")
    choice for testing purposes as well.
    
    This does not change the io_delay() in the boot code which is using
    the same port 0x80 I/O delay but those do not appear to be a problem
    as David P. Reed reported the problem was already gone after using the
    udelay version. He moreover reported that booting with "acpi=off" also
    fixed things and seeing as how ACPI isn't touched until after this DMI
    based I/O port switch I believe it's safe to leave the ones in the boot
    code be.
    
    The DMI strings from David's HP Pavilion dv9000z are in there already
    and we need to get/verify the DMI info from other machines with the
    problem, notably the HP Pavilion dv6000z.
    
    This patch is partly based on earlier patches from Pavel Machek and
    David P. Reed.
    
    Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>

diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 33121d6..9dce154 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -785,6 +785,14 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. It is defined in the file
 			for translation below 32 bit and if not available
 			then look in the higher range.
 
+	io_delay=	[X86-32,X86-64] I/O delay method
+		standard
+			Standard port 0x80 delay
+		alternate
+			Alternate port 0xed delay
+		udelay
+			Simple two microsecond delay
+
 	io7=		[HW] IO7 for Marvel based alpha systems
 			See comment before marvel_specify_io7 in
 			arch/alpha/kernel/core_marvel.c.
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug b/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
index 761ca7b..40aba67 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
@@ -112,4 +112,13 @@ config IOMMU_LEAK
 	  Add a simple leak tracer to the IOMMU code. This is useful when you
 	  are debugging a buggy device driver that leaks IOMMU mappings.
 
+config UDELAY_IO_DELAY
+	bool "Delay I/O through udelay instead of outb"
+	depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
+	help
+	  Make inb_p/outb_p use udelay() based delays by default. Please note
+	  that udelay() does not have the same bus-level side-effects that
+	  the normal outb based delay does meaning this could cause drivers
+	  to change behaviour and/or bugs to surface.
+
 endmenu
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
index b74d60d..288e162 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
index 6ea015a..43e5fcc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
index a7bc93c..0cc1981 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ CPPFLAGS_vmlinux.lds += -Ui386
 obj-y	:= process_32.o signal_32.o entry_32.o traps_32.o irq_32.o \
 		ptrace_32.o time_32.o ioport_32.o ldt_32.o setup_32.o i8259_32.o sys_i386_32.o \
 		pci-dma_32.o i386_ksyms_32.o i387_32.o bootflag.o e820_32.o\
-		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o
+		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
index 5a88890..08a68f0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ obj-y	:= process_64.o signal_64.o entry_64.o traps_64.o irq_64.o \
 		x8664_ksyms_64.o i387_64.o syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o \
 		setup64.o bootflag.o e820_64.o reboot_64.o quirks.o i8237.o \
 		pci-dma_64.o pci-nommu_64.o alternative.o hpet.o tsc_64.o bugs_64.o \
-		i8253.o
+		i8253.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4d955e7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -0,0 +1,106 @@
+/*
+ * I/O delay strategies for inb_p/outb_p
+ */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/dmi.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+/*
+ * Allow for a DMI based override of port 0x80 needed for certain HP laptops
+ */
+#define IO_DELAY_PORT_STD 0x80
+#define IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT 0xed
+
+static void standard_io_delay(void)
+{
+	asm volatile ("outb %%al, %0" : : "N" (IO_DELAY_PORT_STD));
+}
+
+static void alternate_io_delay(void)
+{
+	asm volatile ("outb %%al, %0" : : "N" (IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT));
+}
+
+/*
+ * 2 usecs is an upper-bound for the outb delay but note that udelay doesn't
+ * have the bus-level side-effects that outb does
+ */
+#define IO_DELAY_USECS 2
+
+/*
+ * High on a hill was a lonely goatherd
+ */
+static void udelay_io_delay(void)
+{
+	udelay(IO_DELAY_USECS);
+}
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
+static void (*io_delay)(void) = standard_io_delay;
+#else
+static void (*io_delay)(void) = udelay_io_delay;
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Paravirt wants native_io_delay to be a constant.
+ */
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	io_delay();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_io_delay);
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
+static int __init dmi_alternate_io_delay_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
+{
+	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
+	io_delay = alternate_io_delay;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct dmi_system_id __initdata alternate_io_delay_port_dmi_table[] = {
+	{
+		.callback	= dmi_alternate_io_delay_port,
+		.ident		= "HP Pavilion dv9000z",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30B9")
+		}
+	},
+	{
+	}
+};
+
+static int __initdata io_delay_override;
+
+void __init io_delay_init(void)
+{
+	if (!io_delay_override)
+		dmi_check_system(alternate_io_delay_port_dmi_table);
+}
+#endif
+
+static int __init io_delay_param(char *s)
+{
+	if (!s)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!strcmp(s, "standard"))
+		io_delay = standard_io_delay;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "alternate"))
+		io_delay = alternate_io_delay;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "udelay"))
+		io_delay = udelay_io_delay;
+	else
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
+	io_delay_override = 1;
+#endif
+	return 0;
+}
+
+early_param("io_delay", io_delay_param);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
index e1e18c3..6c3a3b4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
@@ -648,6 +648,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_GENERICARCH
 	generic_apic_probe();
 #endif	
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
index 30d94d1..ec976ed 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
@@ -311,6 +311,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 	/* setup to use the static apicid table during kernel startup */
 	x86_cpu_to_apicid_ptr = (void *)&x86_cpu_to_apicid_init;
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
index fe881cd..a8d25c3 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,14 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(void)
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
+#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+#else
+static inline void io_delay_init(void)
 {
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
 }
+#endif
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
index a037b07..5bebaf9 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,24 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
+#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+#else
+static inline void io_delay_init(void)
+{
+}
+#endif
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
+static inline void slow_down_io(void)
+{
+	native_io_delay();
 #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
 #endif
+}
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -50,21 +61,21 @@
 static inline void out##s(unsigned x value, unsigned short port) {
 
 #define __OUT2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1" : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port))
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
-__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); } \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); }
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
 
 #define __IN2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0" : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port))
 
-#define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
-__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+#define __IN(s,s1) \
+__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); return _v; }
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17  1:56                                           ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17  2:04                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17  2:15                                               ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-17  2:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: David P. Reed, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> On 17-12-07 00:12, David P. Reed wrote:
> 
>> Rene Herman wrote:
>>> David: I've plugged in your DMI values in this. Could you perhaps 
>>> test this to confirm that it works for you?
>>>
>> Will test it by tomorrow morning.
> 
> Might as well test the new version then. Ingo Molnar requested a few 
> changes and this fixes a couple of problems as well.
> 

As far as I can tell, the code still uses udelay() before calibration if 
io_delay=udelay?

Just so we're clear on that...

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17  1:43                                           ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17  2:05                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17  2:19                                               ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 10:57                                             ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-17  2:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> On 16-12-07 16:22, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> 
>> looks good to me. Could you please also provide three more controls 
>> that i suggested earlier:
>>
>>  - a boot option enabling/disabling the udelay based code
>>  - a .config method of enabling/disabling the udelay based code
>>  - a sysctl to toggle it
>>
>> if we want to clean this all up we'll need as many controls as possible.
> 
> This version does the boot and the .config option but not the sysctl. It 
> makes for clumsy code and I don't believe it provides for much added 
> value as soon as you have the boot option. I am moreover not completely 
> confident about things such as paravirt liking the possibility of the 
> native_io_delay being changed out from under them at unpredictable times.
> 

Incidentally, I had the thought earlier today that port 0xf0 might be a 
suitable delay port.  It is used only by the 387-emulating-a-287 hack 
for IRQ 13, which Linux doesn't use on 486+.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17  2:04                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17  2:15                                               ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17  2:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: David P. Reed, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 17-12-07 03:04, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> Rene Herman wrote:
>> On 17-12-07 00:12, David P. Reed wrote:
>>
>>> Rene Herman wrote:
>>>> David: I've plugged in your DMI values in this. Could you perhaps 
>>>> test this to confirm that it works for you?
>>>>
>>> Will test it by tomorrow morning.
>>
>> Might as well test the new version then. Ingo Molnar requested a few 
>> changes and this fixes a couple of problems as well.
>>
> 
> As far as I can tell, the code still uses udelay() before calibration if 
> io_delay=udelay?
> 
> Just so we're clear on that...

Yes. This patch is explicitly about the alternate port and not about udelay. 
  As discussed (and changelogged) the calibration is just one problem with 
PCI posting and possible SMP races the other ones. Ingo Molnar wanted it as 
a debugging thing already though.

Once we start discussing udelay() again I believe we should go with the 
simple per CPU-Family loops_per_jiffy initialization to fix that first 
problem (and I guess I could hack that in now) but then the bigger problem 
remains and will need a fair amount of testing at least and mostly on 
machines that are by now gathering dust in a few basements...

Rene



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17  2:05                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17  2:19                                               ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17  3:35                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17  4:09                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17  2:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 17-12-07 03:05, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> Incidentally, I had the thought earlier today that port 0xf0 might be a 
> suitable delay port.  It is used only by the 387-emulating-a-287 hack 
> for IRQ 13, which Linux doesn't use on 486+.

rene@7ixe4:~/src/port80$ su -c ./port80
cycles: out 2400, in 2400
rene@7ixe4:~/src/port80$ su -c ./portf0
cycles: out 2400, in 2400

(Duron 1300)

I suppose you mean using it instead of port 0x80 always and not just as an 
alternate port? For the latter 0xed is alright I guess...


Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17  2:19                                               ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17  3:35                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 13:02                                                   ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17  4:09                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-17  3:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> On 17-12-07 03:05, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> 
>> Incidentally, I had the thought earlier today that port 0xf0 might be 
>> a suitable delay port.  It is used only by the 387-emulating-a-287 
>> hack for IRQ 13, which Linux doesn't use on 486+.
> 
> rene@7ixe4:~/src/port80$ su -c ./port80
> cycles: out 2400, in 2400
> rene@7ixe4:~/src/port80$ su -c ./portf0
> cycles: out 2400, in 2400
> 
> (Duron 1300)
> 
> I suppose you mean using it instead of port 0x80 always and not just as 
> an alternate port? For the latter 0xed is alright I guess...
> 

Well, we probably should leave the possibility in to use 0x80 -- for one 
thing, we need to use 0x80 on 386, and there is always the possibility 
that the switch will have different timing properties on some or all 
machines.

Note that this doesn't require that a machine actually implements port 
0xf0 for FERR/IGNNE, it just requires that they don't use it for 
something else.

I would be rather inclined to try using port 0xf0 by default as long as 
family > 3[*] (with fallback to port 0x80) at least experimentally (-mm).

We *might* even be able to use port 0xf0 unconditionally in the setup 
code, since we're not using the FPU there (the only FPU instructions in 
the setup code are there to detect the FPU.)

One thing: although I believe most actual implementations of port 0xf0 
implement it as a strobe alone (data is ignored), all documentation I've 
found, including "The Undocumented PC" specifically says "write 0x00 to 
this port."  This *could* mean there are platforms which use other 
values than 0x00 for other hacks.

	-hpa


[*] The following statements are equivalent:
     - family > 3.
     - CR0.NE is settable.
     - EFLAGS.AC is settable.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17  2:19                                               ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17  3:35                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17  4:09                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-17  4:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> On 17-12-07 03:05, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> 
>> Incidentally, I had the thought earlier today that port 0xf0 might be 
>> a suitable delay port.  It is used only by the 387-emulating-a-287 
>> hack for IRQ 13, which Linux doesn't use on 486+.
> 
> rene@7ixe4:~/src/port80$ su -c ./port80
> cycles: out 2400, in 2400
> rene@7ixe4:~/src/port80$ su -c ./portf0
> cycles: out 2400, in 2400
> 
> (Duron 1300)
> 
> I suppose you mean using it instead of port 0x80 always and not just as 
> an alternate port? For the latter 0xed is alright I guess...
> 

FWIW, the criterion used in the kernel for when to use IRQ 13 is:

         /*
          * External FPU? Set up irq13 if so, for
          * original braindamaged IBM FERR coupling.
          */
         if (boot_cpu_data.hard_math && !cpu_has_fpu)
             ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                 setup_irq(FPU_IRQ, &fpu_irq);

In that case we can't actually use port 0xF0 (it is, however, safe to 
use it during setup, specifically before we can take our first FPU 
exception.)

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17  1:43                                           ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17  2:05                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17 10:57                                             ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 11:29                                               ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 12:15                                               ` Rene Herman
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-17 10:57 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:

> On 16-12-07 16:22, Ingo Molnar wrote:
>
>> looks good to me. Could you please also provide three more controls that i 
>> suggested earlier:
>>
>>  - a boot option enabling/disabling the udelay based code
>>  - a .config method of enabling/disabling the udelay based code
>>  - a sysctl to toggle it
>>
>> if we want to clean this all up we'll need as many controls as possible.
>
> This version does the boot and the .config option but not the sysctl. 
> It makes for clumsy code and I don't believe it provides for much 
> added value as soon as you have the boot option. I am moreover not 
> completely confident about things such as paravirt liking the 
> possibility of the native_io_delay being changed out from under them 
> at unpredictable times.
>
> So how is this? Also fixes a few problems with the previous version.

thanks Rene! I've added your patch to x86.git. I changed a few things 
ontop of it, see the additional changelog and delta patch below.

	Ingo

------------>

- add the io_delay=none method
- make each method selectable from the kernel config
- simplify the delay code a bit by getting rid of an indirect function call
- add the /proc/sys/kernel/io_delay_type sysctl
- change 'standard' and 'alternate' to 0x80 and 0xed
- make the io delay config not depend on CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL

---
 Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt |   12 ++--
 arch/x86/Kconfig.debug              |   79 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c          |  103 ++++++++++++++++--------------------
 include/asm-x86/io_32.h             |    2 
 include/asm-x86/io_64.h             |    2 
 kernel/sysctl.c                     |    9 +++
 6 files changed, 138 insertions(+), 69 deletions(-)

Index: linux-x86.q/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ linux-x86.q/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -786,12 +786,14 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. 
 			then look in the higher range.
 
 	io_delay=	[X86-32,X86-64] I/O delay method
-		standard
-			Standard port 0x80 delay
-		alternate
-			Alternate port 0xed delay
+		0x80
+			Standard port 0x80 based delay
+		0xed
+			Alternate port 0xed based delay (needed on some systems)
 		udelay
-			Simple two microsecond delay
+			Simple two microseconds delay
+		none
+			No delay
 
 	io7=		[HW] IO7 for Marvel based alpha systems
 			See comment before marvel_specify_io7 in
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
@@ -112,13 +112,78 @@ config IOMMU_LEAK
 	  Add a simple leak tracer to the IOMMU code. This is useful when you
 	  are debugging a buggy device driver that leaks IOMMU mappings.
 
-config UDELAY_IO_DELAY
-	bool "Delay I/O through udelay instead of outb"
-	depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
+#
+# IO delay types:
+#
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80
+	int
+	default "0"
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED
+	int
+	default "1"
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY
+	int
+	default "2"
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE
+	int
+	default "3"
+
+choice
+	prompt "IO delay type"
+	default IO_DELAY_0X80
+
+config IO_DELAY_0X80
+	bool "port 0x80 based port-IO delay [recommended]"
+	help
+	  This is the traditional Linux IO delay used for in/out_p.
+	  It is the most tested hence safest selection here.
+
+config IO_DELAY_0XED
+	bool "port 0xed based port-IO delay"
 	help
-	  Make inb_p/outb_p use udelay() based delays by default. Please note
-	  that udelay() does not have the same bus-level side-effects that
-	  the normal outb based delay does meaning this could cause drivers
-	  to change behaviour and/or bugs to surface.
+	  Use port 0xed as the IO delay. This frees up port 0x80 which is
+	  often used as a hardware-debug port.
+
+config IO_DELAY_UDELAY
+	bool "udelay based port-IO delay"
+	help
+	  Use udelay(2) as the IO delay method. This provides the delay
+	  while not having any side-effect on the IO port space.
+
+config IO_DELAY_NONE
+	bool "no port-IO delay"
+	help
+	  No port-IO delay. Will break on old boxes that require port-IO
+	  delay for certain operations. Should work on most new machines.
+
+endchoice
+
+if IO_DELAY_0X80
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80
+endif
+
+if IO_DELAY_0XED
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED
+endif
+
+if IO_DELAY_UDELAY
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY
+endif
+
+if IO_DELAY_NONE
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE
+endif
 
 endmenu
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -1,5 +1,9 @@
 /*
  * I/O delay strategies for inb_p/outb_p
+ *
+ * Allow for a DMI based override of port 0x80, needed for certain HP laptops
+ * and possibly other systems. Also allow for the gradual elimination of
+ * outb_p/inb_p API uses.
  */
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
@@ -8,98 +12,83 @@
 #include <linux/dmi.h>
 #include <asm/io.h>
 
-/*
- * Allow for a DMI based override of port 0x80 needed for certain HP laptops
- */
-#define IO_DELAY_PORT_STD 0x80
-#define IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT 0xed
-
-static void standard_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile ("outb %%al, %0" : : "N" (IO_DELAY_PORT_STD));
-}
-
-static void alternate_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile ("outb %%al, %0" : : "N" (IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT));
-}
-
-/*
- * 2 usecs is an upper-bound for the outb delay but note that udelay doesn't
- * have the bus-level side-effects that outb does
- */
-#define IO_DELAY_USECS 2
+int io_delay_type __read_mostly = CONFIG_DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(io_delay_type);
 
-/*
- * High on a hill was a lonely goatherd
- */
-static void udelay_io_delay(void)
-{
-	udelay(IO_DELAY_USECS);
-}
-
-#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
-static void (*io_delay)(void) = standard_io_delay;
-#else
-static void (*io_delay)(void) = udelay_io_delay;
-#endif
+static int __initdata io_delay_override;
 
 /*
  * Paravirt wants native_io_delay to be a constant.
  */
 void native_io_delay(void)
 {
-	io_delay();
+	switch (io_delay_type) {
+	default:
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80:
+		asm volatile ("outb %al, $0x80");
+		break;
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED:
+		asm volatile ("outb %al, $0xed");
+		break;
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY:
+		/*
+		 * 2 usecs is an upper-bound for the outb delay but
+		 * note that udelay doesn't have the bus-level
+		 * side-effects that outb does, nor does udelay() have
+		 * precise timings during very early bootup (the delays
+		 * are shorter until calibrated):
+		 */
+		udelay(2);
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE:
+		break;
+	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_io_delay);
 
-#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
-static int __init dmi_alternate_io_delay_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
+static int __init dmi_io_delay_0xed_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
 {
-	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
-	io_delay = alternate_io_delay;
+	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using 0xed I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
+	io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static struct dmi_system_id __initdata alternate_io_delay_port_dmi_table[] = {
+/*
+ * Quirk table for systems that misbehave (lock up, etc.) if port
+ * 0x80 is used:
+ */
+static struct dmi_system_id __initdata io_delay_0xed_port_dmi_table[] = {
 	{
-		.callback	= dmi_alternate_io_delay_port,
+		.callback	= dmi_io_delay_0xed_port,
 		.ident		= "HP Pavilion dv9000z",
 		.matches	= {
 			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
 			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30B9")
 		}
 	},
-	{
-	}
+	{ }
 };
 
-static int __initdata io_delay_override;
-
 void __init io_delay_init(void)
 {
 	if (!io_delay_override)
-		dmi_check_system(alternate_io_delay_port_dmi_table);
+		dmi_check_system(io_delay_0xed_port_dmi_table);
 }
-#endif
 
 static int __init io_delay_param(char *s)
 {
-	if (!s)
-		return -EINVAL;
-
-	if (!strcmp(s, "standard"))
-		io_delay = standard_io_delay;
-	else if (!strcmp(s, "alternate"))
-		io_delay = alternate_io_delay;
+	if (!strcmp(s, "0x80"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "0xed"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
 	else if (!strcmp(s, "udelay"))
-		io_delay = udelay_io_delay;
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "none"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE;
 	else
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
 	io_delay_override = 1;
-#endif
 	return 0;
 }
 
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -259,6 +259,8 @@ static inline void io_delay_init(void)
 #endif
 extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
+extern int io_delay_type;
+
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
 #else
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -44,6 +44,8 @@ static inline void io_delay_init(void)
 #endif
 extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
+extern int io_delay_type;
+
 static inline void slow_down_io(void)
 {
 	native_io_delay();
Index: linux-x86.q/kernel/sysctl.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ linux-x86.q/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86
 #include <asm/nmi.h>
 #include <asm/stacktrace.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
 #endif
 
 static int deprecated_sysctl_warning(struct __sysctl_args *args);
@@ -683,6 +684,14 @@ static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
 		.mode		= 0644,
 		.proc_handler	= &proc_dointvec,
 	},
+	{
+		.ctl_name	= CTL_UNNUMBERED,
+		.procname	= "io_delay_type",
+		.data		= &io_delay_type,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= &proc_dointvec,
+	},
 #endif
 #if defined(CONFIG_MMU)
 	{

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 10:57                                             ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-17 11:29                                               ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 13:34                                                 ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-17 12:15                                               ` Rene Herman
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-17 11:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:

> > So how is this? Also fixes a few problems with the previous version.
> 
> thanks Rene! I've added your patch to x86.git. I changed a few things 
> ontop of it, see the additional changelog and delta patch below.

here's an updated rollup patch, against 2.6.24-rc4. David, could you 
please try this? This should work out of box on your system, without any 
boot option or other tweak needed.

	Ingo

------------------------->
Subject: x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
From: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>

x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.

Certain (HP) laptops experience trouble from our port 0x80 I/O delay
writes. This patch provides for a DMI based switch to the "alternate
diagnostic port" 0xed (as used by some BIOSes as well) for these.

David P. Reed confirmed that port 0xed works for him and provides a
proper delay. The symptoms of _not_ working are a hanging machine,
with "hwclock" use being a direct trigger.

Earlier versions of this attempted to simply use udelay(2), with the
2 being a value tested to be a nicely conservative upper-bound with
help from many on the linux-kernel mailinglist but that approach has
two problems.

First, pre-loops_per_jiffy calibration (which is post PIT init while
some implementations of the PIT are actually one of the historically
problematic devices that need the delay) udelay() isn't particularly
well-defined. We could initialise loops_per_jiffy conservatively (and
based on CPU family so as to not unduly delay old machines) which
would sort of work, but...

Second, delaying isn't the only effect that a write to port 0x80 has.
It's also a PCI posting barrier which some devices may be explicitly
or implicitly relying on. Alan Cox did a survey and found evidence
that additionally some drivers may be racy on SMP without the bus
locking outb.

Switching to an inb() makes the timing too unpredictable and as such,
this DMI based switch should be the safest approach for now. Any more
invasive changes should get more rigid testing first. It's moreover
only very few machines with the problem and a DMI based hack seems
to fit that situation.

This also introduces a command-line parameter "io_delay" to override
the DMI based choice again:

	io_delay=<0x80|0xed|udelay|none>

where 0x80 means using the standard port 0x80 and 0xed means the
alternate port 0xed.

All these methods can also be selected via the kernel .config,
and can be runtime tuned via /proc/sys/kernel/io_delay_type (for
debugging purposes).

The DMI strings from David's HP Pavilion dv9000z are in there already
and we need to get/verify the DMI info from other machines with the
problem, notably the HP Pavilion dv6000z.

This patch is partly based on earlier patches from Pavel Machek and
David P. Reed.

[ mingo@elte.hu:
  - add the io_delay=none method
  - make each method selectable from the kernel config
  - eliminate the indirect function calls
  - add the /proc/sys/kernel/io_delay_type sysctl
  - change 'standard' and 'alternate' to 0x80 and 0xed
  - make the io delay config not depend on CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL ]

Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
---
 Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt |   10 +++
 arch/x86/Kconfig.debug              |   74 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c  |    8 +--
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c  |    8 +--
 arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32         |    2 
 arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64         |    2 
 arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c          |   95 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c          |    2 
 arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c          |    2 
 include/asm-x86/io_32.h             |    8 +--
 include/asm-x86/io_64.h             |   29 ++++++----
 kernel/sysctl.c                     |    9 +++
 12 files changed, 224 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

Index: linux-x86.q/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ linux-x86.q/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -785,6 +785,16 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. 
 			for translation below 32 bit and if not available
 			then look in the higher range.
 
+	io_delay=	[X86-32,X86-64] I/O delay method
+		0x80
+			Standard port 0x80 based delay
+		0xed
+			Alternate port 0xed based delay (needed on some systems)
+		udelay
+			Simple two microseconds delay
+		none
+			No delay
+
 	io7=		[HW] IO7 for Marvel based alpha systems
 			See comment before marvel_specify_io7 in
 			arch/alpha/kernel/core_marvel.c.
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
@@ -112,4 +112,78 @@ config IOMMU_LEAK
 	  Add a simple leak tracer to the IOMMU code. This is useful when you
 	  are debugging a buggy device driver that leaks IOMMU mappings.
 
+#
+# IO delay types:
+#
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80
+	int
+	default "0"
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED
+	int
+	default "1"
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY
+	int
+	default "2"
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE
+	int
+	default "3"
+
+choice
+	prompt "IO delay type"
+	default IO_DELAY_0X80
+
+config IO_DELAY_0X80
+	bool "port 0x80 based port-IO delay [recommended]"
+	help
+	  This is the traditional Linux IO delay used for in/out_p.
+	  It is the most tested hence safest selection here.
+
+config IO_DELAY_0XED
+	bool "port 0xed based port-IO delay"
+	help
+	  Use port 0xed as the IO delay. This frees up port 0x80 which is
+	  often used as a hardware-debug port.
+
+config IO_DELAY_UDELAY
+	bool "udelay based port-IO delay"
+	help
+	  Use udelay(2) as the IO delay method. This provides the delay
+	  while not having any side-effect on the IO port space.
+
+config IO_DELAY_NONE
+	bool "no port-IO delay"
+	help
+	  No port-IO delay. Will break on old boxes that require port-IO
+	  delay for certain operations. Should work on most new machines.
+
+endchoice
+
+if IO_DELAY_0X80
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80
+endif
+
+if IO_DELAY_0XED
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED
+endif
+
+if IO_DELAY_UDELAY
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY
+endif
+
+if IO_DELAY_NONE
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE
+endif
+
 endmenu
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ CPPFLAGS_vmlinux.lds += -Ui386
 obj-y	:= process_32.o signal_32.o entry_32.o traps_32.o irq_32.o \
 		ptrace_32.o time_32.o ioport_32.o ldt_32.o setup_32.o i8259_32.o sys_i386_32.o \
 		pci-dma_32.o i386_ksyms_32.o i387_32.o bootflag.o e820_32.o\
-		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o
+		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ obj-y	:= process_64.o signal_64.o entry_
 		x8664_ksyms_64.o i387_64.o syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o \
 		setup64.o bootflag.o e820_64.o reboot_64.o quirks.o i8237.o \
 		pci-dma_64.o pci-nommu_64.o alternative.o hpet.o tsc_64.o bugs_64.o \
-		i8253.o
+		i8253.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -0,0 +1,95 @@
+/*
+ * I/O delay strategies for inb_p/outb_p
+ *
+ * Allow for a DMI based override of port 0x80, needed for certain HP laptops
+ * and possibly other systems. Also allow for the gradual elimination of
+ * outb_p/inb_p API uses.
+ */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/dmi.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+int io_delay_type __read_mostly = CONFIG_DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(io_delay_type);
+
+static int __initdata io_delay_override;
+
+/*
+ * Paravirt wants native_io_delay to be a constant.
+ */
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	switch (io_delay_type) {
+	default:
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80:
+		asm volatile ("outb %al, $0x80");
+		break;
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED:
+		asm volatile ("outb %al, $0xed");
+		break;
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY:
+		/*
+		 * 2 usecs is an upper-bound for the outb delay but
+		 * note that udelay doesn't have the bus-level
+		 * side-effects that outb does, nor does udelay() have
+		 * precise timings during very early bootup (the delays
+		 * are shorter until calibrated):
+		 */
+		udelay(2);
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE:
+		break;
+	}
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_io_delay);
+
+static int __init dmi_io_delay_0xed_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
+{
+	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using 0xed I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
+	io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Quirk table for systems that misbehave (lock up, etc.) if port
+ * 0x80 is used:
+ */
+static struct dmi_system_id __initdata io_delay_0xed_port_dmi_table[] = {
+	{
+		.callback	= dmi_io_delay_0xed_port,
+		.ident		= "HP Pavilion dv9000z",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30B9")
+		}
+	},
+	{ }
+};
+
+void __init io_delay_init(void)
+{
+	if (!io_delay_override)
+		dmi_check_system(io_delay_0xed_port_dmi_table);
+}
+
+static int __init io_delay_param(char *s)
+{
+	if (!strcmp(s, "0x80"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "0xed"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "udelay"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "none"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE;
+	else
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	io_delay_override = 1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+early_param("io_delay", io_delay_param);
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
@@ -648,6 +648,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_GENERICARCH
 	generic_apic_probe();
 #endif	
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
@@ -311,6 +311,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 	/* setup to use the static apicid table during kernel startup */
 	x86_cpu_to_apicid_ptr = (void *)&x86_cpu_to_apicid_init;
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,10 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(v
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
+
+extern int io_delay_type;
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,20 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
+extern int io_delay_type;
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+
+static inline void slow_down_io(void)
+{
+	native_io_delay();
 #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
 #endif
+}
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -50,21 +57,21 @@
 static inline void out##s(unsigned x value, unsigned short port) {
 
 #define __OUT2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1" : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port))
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
-__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); } \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); }
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
 
 #define __IN2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0" : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port))
 
-#define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
-__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+#define __IN(s,s1) \
+__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); return _v; }
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \
Index: linux-x86.q/kernel/sysctl.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ linux-x86.q/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86
 #include <asm/nmi.h>
 #include <asm/stacktrace.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
 #endif
 
 static int deprecated_sysctl_warning(struct __sysctl_args *args);
@@ -683,6 +684,14 @@ static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
 		.mode		= 0644,
 		.proc_handler	= &proc_dointvec,
 	},
+	{
+		.ctl_name	= CTL_UNNUMBERED,
+		.procname	= "io_delay_type",
+		.data		= &io_delay_type,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= &proc_dointvec,
+	},
 #endif
 #if defined(CONFIG_MMU)
 	{

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 10:57                                             ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 11:29                                               ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-17 12:15                                               ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 13:09                                                 ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17 12:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 17-12-07 11:57, Ingo Molnar wrote:

> thanks Rene! I've added your patch to x86.git. I changed a few things 
> ontop of it, see the additional changelog and delta patch below.

"appropriated it", more. Definitely not going to forgive you for deleting 
that comment.

>  void native_io_delay(void)
>  {
> -	io_delay();
> +	switch (io_delay_type) {

That's the clumsy bit. native_io_delay() used to be an inline outb, now it's 
a switch. Yes, sure, versus an indirect call it's not actually worse, except 
  as an uglification.

> -#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
> -static int __init dmi_alternate_io_delay_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
> +static int __init dmi_io_delay_0xed_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
>  {
> -	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
> -	io_delay = alternate_io_delay;
> +	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using 0xed I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
> +	io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
> +
>  	return 0;
>  }

This isn't correct. DMI shouldn't override the CONFIG choice or someone with 
matching DMI will have a defective CONFIG option. That's why I put all of it 
inside #ifndef.

Rene.



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17  3:35                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17 13:02                                                   ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 17:14                                                     ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17 13:02 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 17-12-07 04:35, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> Well, we probably should leave the possibility in to use 0x80 -- for one 
> thing, we need to use 0x80 on 386, and there is always the possibility 
> that the switch will have different timing properties on some or all 
> machines.
> 
> Note that this doesn't require that a machine actually implements port 
> 0xf0 for FERR/IGNNE, it just requires that they don't use it for 
> something else.
> 
> I would be rather inclined to try using port 0xf0 by default as long as 
> family > 3[*] (with fallback to port 0x80) at least experimentally (-mm).

Possible timing differences would be what worry me. 0x80 is well-known for 
its delay purposes, and frankly, I dont believe that one type of machine 
having a problem, which may very well have to be categorized a possibly BIOS 
fixable bug, is enough ground for switching everyone over to a different port

It's enough ground to look at not doing outputs at all AFAIC but that's more 
due to the outb being somewhat cheesy to start with which using a different 
port wouldn't change. But, on the other hand:

> We *might* even be able to use port 0xf0 unconditionally in the setup 
> code, since we're not using the FPU there (the only FPU instructions in 
> the setup code are there to detect the FPU.)
> 
> One thing: although I believe most actual implementations of port 0xf0 
> implement it as a strobe alone (data is ignored), all documentation I've 
> found, including "The Undocumented PC" specifically says "write 0x00 to 
> this port."  This *could* mean there are platforms which use other 
> values than 0x00 for other hacks.

The Intel PIIX/PIIX3 datasheet confirms that the data is of no consequence, 
but yes, most documentation talks about 0.

The PIIX/PIIX3 datasheet also says that both reads and writes flow through 
to the ISA bus, while for port 0x80 only writes do, and reads do not.

I do not know how universal that is, but _reading_ port 0xf0 might in fact 
be sensible then? And should even work on a 386/387 pair? (I have a 386/387 
in fact, although I'd need to dig it up).

Versus the out it has the al clobber disadvantage, but givne that we're by 
now seem to be talking about out of line switch() native_io_delays anyways, 
that's not much of a problem anymore...

> [*] The following statements are equivalent:
>     - family > 3.
>     - CR0.NE is settable.
>     - EFLAGS.AC is settable.

For the boot code, I gather (which could I suppose then also plug in the 
delay port in the zero page or somewhere for use by the kernel proper? I 
don't know how/if these bits communicate).

But, well, _reading_ port 0xf0 sounds promising across the board and low 
risk replacement _if_ teh PIIX/PIIX3 behaviour is as guaranteed as the port 
0x80 behaviour...

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 12:15                                               ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17 13:09                                                 ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 13:22                                                   ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-17 13:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:

> On 17-12-07 11:57, Ingo Molnar wrote:
>
>> thanks Rene! I've added your patch to x86.git. I changed a few things 
>> ontop of it, see the additional changelog and delta patch below.
>
> "appropriated it", more. [...]

huh?

> [...] Definitely not going to forgive you for deleting that comment.

Do you mean:

+/*
+ * High on a hill was a lonely goatherd
+ */

?

>>  void native_io_delay(void)
>>  {
>> -	io_delay();
>> +	switch (io_delay_type) {
>
> That's the clumsy bit. native_io_delay() used to be an inline outb, 
> now it's a switch. Yes, sure, versus an indirect call it's not 
> actually worse, except as an uglification.

the switch enableds the sysctl. I dont see the callback as in any way 
cleaner. (in fact it made things more inflexible.)

>> -#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
>> -static int __init dmi_alternate_io_delay_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
>> +static int __init dmi_io_delay_0xed_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
>>  {
>> -	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
>> -	io_delay = alternate_io_delay;
>> +	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using 0xed I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
>> +	io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
>> +
>>  	return 0;
>>  }
>
> This isn't correct. DMI shouldn't override the CONFIG choice or 
> someone with matching DMI will have a defective CONFIG option. That's 
> why I put all of it inside #ifndef.

no, the DMI quirk is just that: a quirk that makes boxes work. The DMI 
quirk takes precedence over just about any .config default, except an 
explicit boot-commandline override.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 13:09                                                 ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-17 13:22                                                   ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 13:31                                                     ` Pavel Machek
  2007-12-17 13:32                                                     ` David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17 13:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 17-12-07 14:09, Ingo Molnar wrote:

>>> -#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
>>> -static int __init dmi_alternate_io_delay_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
>>> +static int __init dmi_io_delay_0xed_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
>>>  {
>>> -	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
>>> -	io_delay = alternate_io_delay;
>>> +	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using 0xed I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
>>> +	io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
>>> +
>>>  	return 0;
>>>  }
>> This isn't correct. DMI shouldn't override the CONFIG choice or 
>> someone with matching DMI will have a defective CONFIG option. That's 
>> why I put all of it inside #ifndef.
> 
> no, the DMI quirk is just that: a quirk that makes boxes work. The DMI 
> quirk takes precedence over just about any .config default, except an 
> explicit boot-commandline override.

No, most definitely not. Having the user select udelay or none through the 
kernel config and then the kernel deciding "ah, you know what, I'll know 
better and use port access anyway" is _utterly_ broken behaviour. Software 
needs to listen to its master.

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 13:31                                                     ` Pavel Machek
@ 2007-12-17 13:31                                                       ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17 13:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Machek
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox,
	David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 17-12-07 14:31, Pavel Machek wrote:

> On Mon 2007-12-17 14:22:26, Rene Herman wrote:
>> On 17-12-07 14:09, Ingo Molnar wrote:
>>
>>>>> -#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
>>>>> -static int __init dmi_alternate_io_delay_port(const struct 
>>>>> dmi_system_id *id)
>>>>> +static int __init dmi_io_delay_0xed_port(const struct dmi_system_id 
>>>>> *id)
>>>>>  {
>>>>> -	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
>>>>> -	io_delay = alternate_io_delay;
>>>>> +	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using 0xed I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
>>>>> +	io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
>>>>> +
>>>>>  	return 0;
>>>>>  }
>>>> This isn't correct. DMI shouldn't override the CONFIG choice or someone 
>>>> with matching DMI will have a defective CONFIG option. That's why I put 
>>>> all of it inside #ifndef.
>>> no, the DMI quirk is just that: a quirk that makes boxes work. The DMI 
>>> quirk takes precedence over just about any .config default, except an 
>>> explicit boot-commandline override.
>> No, most definitely not. Having the user select udelay or none through the 
>> kernel config and then the kernel deciding "ah, you know what, I'll know 
>> better and use port access anyway" is _utterly_ broken behaviour. Software 
>> needs to listen to its master.
> 
> That's what command line is for. Ingo is right here.

No. The kernel shouldn't provide defective config options.

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 13:22                                                   ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17 13:31                                                     ` Pavel Machek
  2007-12-17 13:31                                                       ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 13:32                                                     ` David P. Reed
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Machek @ 2007-12-17 13:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox,
	David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On Mon 2007-12-17 14:22:26, Rene Herman wrote:
> On 17-12-07 14:09, Ingo Molnar wrote:
>
>>>> -#ifndef CONFIG_UDELAY_IO_DELAY
>>>> -static int __init dmi_alternate_io_delay_port(const struct 
>>>> dmi_system_id *id)
>>>> +static int __init dmi_io_delay_0xed_port(const struct dmi_system_id 
>>>> *id)
>>>>  {
>>>> -	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
>>>> -	io_delay = alternate_io_delay;
>>>> +	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using 0xed I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
>>>> +	io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
>>>> +
>>>>  	return 0;
>>>>  }
>>> This isn't correct. DMI shouldn't override the CONFIG choice or someone 
>>> with matching DMI will have a defective CONFIG option. That's why I put 
>>> all of it inside #ifndef.
>> no, the DMI quirk is just that: a quirk that makes boxes work. The DMI 
>> quirk takes precedence over just about any .config default, except an 
>> explicit boot-commandline override.
>
> No, most definitely not. Having the user select udelay or none through the 
> kernel config and then the kernel deciding "ah, you know what, I'll know 
> better and use port access anyway" is _utterly_ broken behaviour. Software 
> needs to listen to its master.

That's what command line is for. Ingo is right here.
									Pavel
-- 
(english) http://www.livejournal.com/~pavelmachek
(cesky, pictures) http://atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~pavel/picture/horses/blog.html

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 13:22                                                   ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 13:31                                                     ` Pavel Machek
@ 2007-12-17 13:32                                                     ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-17 13:36                                                       ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 14:39                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-17 13:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> No, most definitely not. Having the user select udelay or none through 
> the kernel config and then the kernel deciding "ah, you know what, 
> I'll know better and use port access anyway" is _utterly_ broken 
> behaviour. Software needs to listen to its master.
>
When acting as an ordinary user, the .config is beyond my control 
(except on Gentoo).   It is in control of the distro (Fedora, Ubuntu, 
... but perhaps not Gentoo).  I think the distro guys want a default 
behavior that is set in .config, with quirk overrides being done when 
needed.   And of course the user in his/her boot params gets the final say.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 11:29                                               ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-17 13:34                                                 ` David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-17 13:34 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Rene Herman, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

About to start building and testing.  It will take a few hours.

Ingo Molnar wrote:
> here's an updated rollup patch, against 2.6.24-rc4. David, could you 
> please try this? This should work out of box on your system, without any 
> boot option or other tweak needed.
>
>
>   

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 13:32                                                     ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-17 13:36                                                       ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 14:39                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17 13:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 17-12-07 14:32, David P. Reed wrote:

> Rene Herman wrote:
>> No, most definitely not. Having the user select udelay or none through 
>> the kernel config and then the kernel deciding "ah, you know what, 
>> I'll know better and use port access anyway" is _utterly_ broken 
>> behaviour. Software needs to listen to its master.
>>
> When acting as an ordinary user, the .config is beyond my control 
> (except on Gentoo).   It is in control of the distro (Fedora, Ubuntu, 
> ... but perhaps not Gentoo).  I think the distro guys want a default 
> behavior that is set in .config, with quirk overrides being done when 
> needed.   And of course the user in his/her boot params gets the final say.

Yes, and when the user/distributor specifically selected udelay or none as 
an I/O delay method it makes no sense whatsoever to have the kernel override 
that again -- the DMI hack only fixes something for the default case, when 
_no_ specific choice had been made (which the current setup can't express 
but mine did).

I feel particularly strongly (always) about that "listen to its master" bit. 
The kernel does not know better then whomever configured it, even when it does.

Rene.



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 13:32                                                     ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-17 13:36                                                       ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17 14:39                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 16:12                                                         ` Alan Cox
  2007-12-17 19:38                                                         ` David P. Reed
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-17 14:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Rene Herman, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com> wrote:

> Rene Herman wrote:
>> No, most definitely not. Having the user select udelay or none through the 
>> kernel config and then the kernel deciding "ah, you know what, I'll know 
>> better and use port access anyway" is _utterly_ broken behaviour. Software 
>> needs to listen to its master.
>
> When acting as an ordinary user, the .config is beyond my control 
> (except on Gentoo).  It is in control of the distro (Fedora, Ubuntu, 
> ... but perhaps not Gentoo).  I think the distro guys want a default 
> behavior that is set in .config, with quirk overrides being done when 
> needed.  And of course the user in his/her boot params gets the final 
> say.

yeah, that's exactly the thinking. Distros basically set general policy, 
but a quirk is (almost) always specific and correct enough to override 
that. We could perhaps refine this by directing the quirk to only be 
applied if the current type is 0x80 - because in that case we know that 
it's definitely not going to work. I.e. something like the small patch 
below?

	Ingo

---
 arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c |    7 +++++--
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -47,8 +47,11 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_io_delay);
 
 static int __init dmi_io_delay_0xed_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
 {
-	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using 0xed I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
-	io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
+	if (io_delay_type == CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80) {
+		printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using 0xed I/O delay port\n",
+			id->ident);
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
+	}
 
 	return 0;
 }

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 14:39                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-17 16:12                                                         ` Alan Cox
  2007-12-17 16:48                                                           ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 20:48                                                           ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 19:38                                                         ` David P. Reed
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2007-12-17 16:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: David P. Reed, Rene Herman, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

I don't think we should be offering udelay based delays at this point.
There are a lot of drivers to fix first. This is just one trivial example

...

--- drivers/watchdog/wdt.c~	2007-12-17 15:58:49.000000000 +0000
+++ drivers/watchdog/wdt.c	2007-12-17 15:58:49.000000000 +0000
@@ -70,6 +70,8 @@
 static int io=0x240;
 static int irq=11;
 
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(wdt_lock);
+
 module_param(io, int, 0);
 MODULE_PARM_DESC(io, "WDT io port (default=0x240)");
 module_param(irq, int, 0);
@@ -109,6 +111,8 @@
 
 static int wdt_start(void)
 {
+	unsigned long flags;
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&wdt_lock, flags);
 	inb_p(WDT_DC);			/* Disable watchdog */
 	wdt_ctr_mode(0,3);		/* Program CTR0 for Mode 3:
Square Wave Generator */ wdt_ctr_mode(1,2);		/* Program
CTR1 for Mode 2: Rate Generator */ @@ -117,6 +121,7 @@
 	wdt_ctr_load(1,wd_heartbeat);	/* Heartbeat */
 	wdt_ctr_load(2,65535);		/* Length of reset pulse */
 	outb_p(0, WDT_DC);		/* Enable watchdog */
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&wdt_lock, flags);
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -128,9 +133,12 @@
 
 static int wdt_stop (void)
 {
+	unsigned long flags;
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&wdt_lock, flags);
 	/* Turn the card off */
 	inb_p(WDT_DC);			/* Disable watchdog */
 	wdt_ctr_load(2,0);		/* 0 length reset pulses now */
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&wdt_lock, flags);
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -143,11 +151,14 @@
 
 static int wdt_ping(void)
 {
+	unsigned long flags;
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&wdt_lock, flags);
 	/* Write a watchdog value */
 	inb_p(WDT_DC);			/* Disable watchdog */
 	wdt_ctr_mode(1,2);		/* Re-Program CTR1 for Mode 2:
Rate Generator */ wdt_ctr_load(1,wd_heartbeat);	/* Heartbeat */
 	outb_p(0, WDT_DC);		/* Enable watchdog */
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&wdt_lock, flags);
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -182,7 +193,12 @@
 
 static int wdt_get_status(int *status)
 {
-	unsigned char new_status=inb_p(WDT_SR);
+	unsigned char new_status;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spinlock_irqsave(&wdt_lock, flags);	
+	new_status = inb_p(WDT_SR);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&wdt_lock, flags);
 
 	*status=0;
 	if (new_status & WDC_SR_ISOI0)
@@ -214,8 +230,12 @@
 
 static int wdt_get_temperature(int *temperature)
 {
-	unsigned short c=inb_p(WDT_RT);
+	unsigned short c;
+	unsigned long flags;
 
+	spinlock_irqsave(&wdt_lock, flags);	
+	c=inb_p(WDT_RT);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&wdt_lock, flags);
 	*temperature = (c * 11 / 15) + 7;
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -237,7 +257,10 @@
 	 *	Read the status register see what is up and
 	 *	then printk it.
 	 */
-	unsigned char status=inb_p(WDT_SR);
+	unsigned char status;
+	
+	spin_lock(&wdt_lock);
+	status = inb_p(WDT_SR);
 
 	printk(KERN_CRIT "WDT status %d\n", status);
 
@@ -265,6 +288,7 @@
 		printk(KERN_CRIT "Reset in 5ms.\n");
 #endif
 	}
+	spin_unlock(&wdt_lock);
 	return IRQ_HANDLED;
 }
 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 16:12                                                         ` Alan Cox
@ 2007-12-17 16:48                                                           ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 20:48                                                           ` Rene Herman
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-17 16:48 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: David P. Reed, Rene Herman, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> wrote:

> I don't think we should be offering udelay based delays at this point. 
> There are a lot of drivers to fix first. This is just one trivial 
> example
> 
> ...
> 
> --- drivers/watchdog/wdt.c~	2007-12-17 15:58:49.000000000 +0000
> +++ drivers/watchdog/wdt.c	2007-12-17 15:58:49.000000000 +0000
> @@ -70,6 +70,8 @@
>  static int io=0x240;
>  static int irq=11;
>  
> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(wdt_lock);
> +
>  module_param(io, int, 0);
>  MODULE_PARM_DESC(io, "WDT io port (default=0x240)");
>  module_param(irq, int, 0);
> @@ -109,6 +111,8 @@
>  
>  static int wdt_start(void)
>  {
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&wdt_lock, flags);
>  	inb_p(WDT_DC);			/* Disable watchdog */
>  	wdt_ctr_mode(0,3);		/* Program CTR0 for Mode 3:

a really stupid question, in what way does:

  inb_p(WDT_DC);

work better than:

  inb(WDT_DC);
  delay(2);

?

(i'm not suggesting you are wrong, this detail just fails to click at 
the moment.)

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 13:02                                                   ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17 17:14                                                     ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 19:43                                                       ` David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-17 17:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> 
> I do not know how universal that is, but _reading_ port 0xf0 might in 
> fact be sensible then? And should even work on a 386/387 pair? (I have a 
> 386/387 in fact, although I'd need to dig it up).
> 

No.  Someone might have used 0xf0 as a readonly port for other uses.

	-hpa


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15  2:13                     ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-15  2:20                       ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17 18:14                       ` linux-os (Dick Johnson)
  2007-12-17 18:54                         ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-19 15:03                       ` Avi Kivity
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: linux-os (Dick Johnson) @ 2007-12-17 18:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Avi Kivity, Thomas Gleixner, Linux kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Pavel Machek, kvm-devel

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 2814 bytes --]


On Fri, 14 Dec 2007, David P. Reed wrote:

> Avi Kivity wrote:
>> kvm will forward a virtual machine's writes to port 0x80 to the real
>> port.  The reason is that the write is much faster than exiting and
>> emulating it; the difference is measurable when compiling kernels.
>>
>> Now if the cause is simply writing to port 0x80, then we must stop
>> doing that.  But if the reason is the back-to-back writes, when we can
>> keep it, since the other writes will be trapped by kvm and emulated.
>> Do you which is the case?
>>
> As for kvm, I don't have enough info to know anything about that.  Is
> there a test you'd like me to try?
>
> I think you are also asking if the crash on these laptops is caused only
> by back-to-back writes.  Actually, it doesn't seem to matter if they are
> back to back.  I can cause the crash if the writes to 80 are very much
> spread out in time - it seems only to matter how many of them get
> executed - almost as if there is a buffer overflow.  (And of course if
> you do back to back writes to other ports that are apparently fully
> unused, such as 0xED on my machine, no crash occurs).
>
> I believe (though no one seems to have confirming documentation from the
> chipset or motherboard vendor) that port 80 is actually functional for
> some unknown function on these machines.   (They do respond to "in"
> instructions faster than a bus cycle abort does - more evidence).
>
> I searched the DSDT to see if there is any evidence of an ACPI use for
> this port, but found nothing.
>
>

Attached is a patch that changes the outs to ins on port 0x80.
I did NOT let gcc decide what to do about modified registers.
Instead, the code saves/restores EAX itself so that all of the
times (whatever they are) are the same.

The code works and is running here. I also patched a very early
version (2.4.26) running on  a 400 MHz i486 with an real ISA
bus (Adaptec AHA1453). It works too.

David, will you please try it on your machine. Maybe reading
from the port is less harmful than writing.


Cheers,
Dick Johnson
Penguin : Linux version 2.6.22.1 on an i686 machine (5588.27 BogoMips).
My book : http://www.AbominableFirebug.com/
_


****************************************************************
The information transmitted in this message is confidential and may be privileged.  Any review, retransmission, dissemination, or other use of this information by persons or entities other than the intended recipient is prohibited.  If you are not the intended recipient, please notify Analogic Corporation immediately - by replying to this message or by sending an email to DeliveryErrors@analogic.com - and destroy all copies of this information, including any attachments, without reading or disclosing them.

Thank you.

[-- Attachment #2: io.h.patch --]
[-- Type: TEXT/PLAIN, Size: 429 bytes --]

--- linux-2.6.22.1/include/asm-i386/io.h.orig	2007-07-10 14:56:30.000000000 -0400
+++ linux-2.6.22.1/include/asm-i386/io.h	2007-12-17 12:06:10.000000000 -0500
@@ -252,7 +252,10 @@
 
 static inline void native_io_delay(void)
 {
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
+	asm volatile(	"pushl %%eax\n\t"
+			"inb $0x80, %%al\n\t"
+			"popl %%eax\n\t"
+			 : : : "memory");
 }
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-17 18:14                       ` linux-os (Dick Johnson)
@ 2007-12-17 18:54                         ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17 18:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-os (Dick Johnson)
  Cc: David P. Reed, Avi Kivity, Thomas Gleixner, Linux kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek, kvm-devel

On 17-12-07 19:14, linux-os (Dick Johnson) wrote:

> Attached is a patch that changes the outs to ins on port 0x80.

No, that isn't useful. Only a write is "guaranteed" to make ISA/LPC meaning 
the timing for a read varies wildly. See the in/out cycles results posted 
earlier. Was also reading the Intel PIIX(3) chiset datasheet today which 
specifically mentions that only writes flow through to ISA, reads do not.

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 14:39                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 16:12                                                         ` Alan Cox
@ 2007-12-17 19:38                                                         ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-17 19:55                                                           ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 21:28                                                           ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-17 19:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Rene Herman, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Ingo -

I finished testing the rolled up patch that you provided.  It seems to 
work just fine.  Thank you for putting this all together and persevering 
in this long and complex discussion. 

Here are the results, on the offending laptop, using 2.6.24-rc5 plus 
that one patch.

First: booted with normal boot parameters (no io_delay=):

    According to dmesg, 0xed is used.

    hwclock ran fine, hundreds of times.
    my shell script loop doing "cat /dev/nvram > /dev/null" ran fine, 
several times.
    Running Rene's "port 80" speed test ran fine once, then froze the 
system hard.  (expected)

Second: booted with io_delay=0x80, several tests, rebooting after freezes:

    hwclock froze system hard.  (this is the problem that drove me to 
find this bug).
    my shell script loop froze system hard.

Third: booted with io_delay=none:

    hwclock ran fine, also hundreds of times.
    my shell script loop ran fine several times.
    Running rene's port80 test ran fine twice, froze system hard on 
third try.

Fourth: booted with io_delay=udelay:

    hwclock ran fine, also hundreds of times.
    my shell script loop ran fine several times.
    Running Rene's port80 test ran fine, froze system hard on second try.

Analysis:

    patch works fine, and default to 0xed seems super conservative.
    I will probably use the boot parameter io_delay=none, because I 
don't seem to have any I/O
    devices that require any delays - and this way I can find any that do.

Still wondering:

    what the heck is going on with port 80 on my laptop motherboard.  
Clearly it "does something".
    I will in my spare time continue investigating, though having a 
reliable system is GREAT.




   


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 17:14                                                     ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17 19:43                                                       ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-17 19:55                                                         ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 21:25                                                         ` Alan Cox
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-17 19:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> Rene Herman wrote:
>>
>> I do not know how universal that is, but _reading_ port 0xf0 might in 
>> fact be sensible then? And should even work on a 386/387 pair? (I 
>> have a 386/387 in fact, although I'd need to dig it up).
>>
>
> No.  Someone might have used 0xf0 as a readonly port for other uses.
>
As support: port 80 on the reporter's (my) HP dv9000z laptop clearly 
responds to reads differently than "unused" ports.  In particular, an 
inb takes 1/2 the elapsed time compared to a read to "known" unused port 
0xed - 792 tsc ticks for port 80 compared to about 1450 tsc ticks for 
port 0xed and other unused ports (tsc at 800 MHz).


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 19:38                                                         ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-17 19:55                                                           ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 21:28                                                           ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-17 19:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

David P. Reed wrote:
> 
> Still wondering:
> 
>    what the heck is going on with port 80 on my laptop motherboard.  
> Clearly it "does something".
>    I will in my spare time continue investigating, though having a 
> reliable system is GREAT.
> 

Almost guaranteed to be some kind of debugging hack, probably 
implemented either in the SuperIO chip or in SMM (or both).  When some 
sort of log buffer fills up, the system dies.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 19:43                                                       ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-17 19:55                                                         ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 21:02                                                           ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-17 21:25                                                         ` Alan Cox
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-17 19:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

David P. Reed wrote:
> H. Peter Anvin wrote:
>> Rene Herman wrote:
>>>
>>> I do not know how universal that is, but _reading_ port 0xf0 might in 
>>> fact be sensible then? And should even work on a 386/387 pair? (I 
>>> have a 386/387 in fact, although I'd need to dig it up).
>>>
>>
>> No.  Someone might have used 0xf0 as a readonly port for other uses.
>>
> As support: port 80 on the reporter's (my) HP dv9000z laptop clearly 
> responds to reads differently than "unused" ports.  In particular, an 
> inb takes 1/2 the elapsed time compared to a read to "known" unused port 
> 0xed - 792 tsc ticks for port 80 compared to about 1450 tsc ticks for 
> port 0xed and other unused ports (tsc at 800 MHz).
> 

Any timings for port 0xf0 (write zero), out of curiosity?

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 16:12                                                         ` Alan Cox
  2007-12-17 16:48                                                           ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-17 20:48                                                           ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 20:57                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 21:41                                                             ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17 20:48 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 988 bytes --]

On 17-12-07 17:12, Alan Cox wrote:

> I don't think we should be offering udelay based delays at this point.
> There are a lot of drivers to fix first. This is just one trivial example

I agree. This thread's too full of people calling this outb method a dumb 
hack. It's a well-known legacy PC thing and while in practice the udelay 
might be a functional replacement for a majority of cases (save the races 
you are finding) a delay proportional to the bus speed makes great sense 
certainly when talking to hardware that itself runs proportinal to the bus 
speed for example.

So, really, how about just sticking in this minimal version for now? Only 
switches the port to 0xed based on DMI and is all that is needed to fix the 
actual problem. This should be minimal and no-risk enough that it could also 
go to .24 if people want it to. It'll fix a few HP laptops (I'll try and 
get/verify the dv6000z DMI strings as well).

Ingo?

Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>

[-- Attachment #2: dmi-port80-minimal.diff --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 9464 bytes --]

commit e5f4d11c2470550500e8d8b798d902f2fe07b5c4
Author: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
Date:   Mon Dec 17 21:23:55 2007 +0100

    x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
    
    Certain (HP) laptops experience trouble from our port 0x80 I/O delay
    writes. This patch provides for a DMI based switch to the "alternate
    diagnostic port" 0xed (as used by some BIOSes as well) for these.
    
    David P. Reed confirmed that port 0xed works for him and provides a
    proper delay. The symptoms of _not_ working are a hanging machine,
    with "hwclock" use being a direct trigger.
    
    Earlier versions of this attempted to simply use udelay(2), with the
    2 being a value tested to be a nicely conservative upper-bound with
    help from many on the linux-kernel mailinglist, but that approach has
    two problems.
    
    First, pre-loops_per_jiffy calibration (which is post PIT init while
    some implementations of the PIT are actually one of the historically
    problematic devices that need the delay) udelay() isn't particularly
    well-defined. We could initialise loops_per_jiffy conservatively (and
    based on CPU family so as to not unduly delay old machines) which
    would sort of work, but still leaves:
    
    Second, delaying isn't the only effect that a write to port 0x80 has.
    It's also a PCI posting barrier which some devices may be explicitly
    or implicitly relying on. Alan Cox did a survey and found evidence
    that additionally various drivers are racy on SMP without the bus
    locking outb.
    
    Switching to an inb() makes the timing too unpredictable and as such,
    this DMI based switch should be the safest approach for now. Any more
    invasive changes should get more rigid testing first. It's moreover
    only very few machines with the problem and a DMI based hack seems
    to fit that situation.
    
    This does not change the io_delay() in the boot code which is using
    the same port 0x80 I/O delay but those do not appear to be a problem
    as tested by David P. Reed. He moreover reported that booting with
    "acpi=off" also fixed things and seeing as how ACPI isn't touched
    until after this DMI based I/O port switch leaving the ones in the
    boot code be is safe.
    
    The DMI strings from David's HP Pavilion dv9000z are in there already
    and we need to get/verify the DMI info from other machines with the
    problem, notably the HP Pavilion dv6000z.
    
    This patch is partly based on earlier patches from Pavel Machek and
    David P. Reed.
    
    Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
index b74d60d..288e162 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
index 6ea015a..43e5fcc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
index a7bc93c..0cc1981 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ CPPFLAGS_vmlinux.lds += -Ui386
 obj-y	:= process_32.o signal_32.o entry_32.o traps_32.o irq_32.o \
 		ptrace_32.o time_32.o ioport_32.o ldt_32.o setup_32.o i8259_32.o sys_i386_32.o \
 		pci-dma_32.o i386_ksyms_32.o i387_32.o bootflag.o e820_32.o\
-		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o
+		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
index 5a88890..08a68f0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ obj-y	:= process_64.o signal_64.o entry_64.o traps_64.o irq_64.o \
 		x8664_ksyms_64.o i387_64.o syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o \
 		setup64.o bootflag.o e820_64.o reboot_64.o quirks.o i8237.o \
 		pci-dma_64.o pci-nommu_64.o alternative.o hpet.o tsc_64.o bugs_64.o \
-		i8253.o
+		i8253.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e736bab
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -0,0 +1,48 @@
+/*
+ * I/O delay strategies for inb_p/outb_p
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/dmi.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+/*
+ * Allow for a DMI based override of port 0x80
+ */
+#define IO_DELAY_PORT_STD 0x80
+#define IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT 0xed
+
+static unsigned short io_delay_port __read_mostly = IO_DELAY_PORT_STD;
+
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	asm volatile ("outb %%al, %w0" : : "d" (io_delay_port));
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_io_delay);
+
+static int __init dmi_io_delay_port_alt(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
+{
+	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
+	io_delay_port = IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct dmi_system_id __initdata dmi_io_delay_port_alt_table[] = {
+	{
+		.callback	= dmi_io_delay_port_alt,
+		.ident		= "HP Pavilion dv9000z",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30B9")
+		}
+	},
+	{
+	}
+};
+
+void __init io_delay_init(void)
+{
+	dmi_check_system(dmi_io_delay_port_alt_table);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
index e1e18c3..6c3a3b4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
@@ -648,6 +648,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_GENERICARCH
 	generic_apic_probe();
 #endif	
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
index 30d94d1..ec976ed 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
@@ -311,6 +311,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 	/* setup to use the static apicid table during kernel startup */
 	x86_cpu_to_apicid_ptr = (void *)&x86_cpu_to_apicid_init;
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
index fe881cd..690b8f4 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,8 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(void)
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
index a037b07..b2d4994 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,18 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
+static inline void slow_down_io(void)
+{
+	native_io_delay();
 #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
 #endif
+}
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -50,21 +55,21 @@
 static inline void out##s(unsigned x value, unsigned short port) {
 
 #define __OUT2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1" : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port))
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
-__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); } \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); }
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
 
 #define __IN2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0" : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port))
 
-#define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
-__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+#define __IN(s,s1) \
+__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); return _v; }
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 20:48                                                           ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17 20:57                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 21:33                                                               ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 21:41                                                             ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-17 20:57 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Alan Cox, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> On 17-12-07 17:12, Alan Cox wrote:
> 
>> I don't think we should be offering udelay based delays at this point.
>> There are a lot of drivers to fix first. This is just one trivial example
> 
> I agree. This thread's too full of people calling this outb method a 
> dumb hack. It's a well-known legacy PC thing and while in practice the 
> udelay might be a functional replacement for a majority of cases (save 
> the races you are finding) a delay proportional to the bus speed makes 
> great sense certainly when talking to hardware that itself runs 
> proportinal to the bus speed for example.
> 
> So, really, how about just sticking in this minimal version for now? 
> Only switches the port to 0xed based on DMI and is all that is needed to 
> fix the actual problem. This should be minimal and no-risk enough that 
> it could also go to .24 if people want it to. It'll fix a few HP laptops 
> (I'll try and get/verify the dv6000z DMI strings as well).
> 

I think retaining the command-line option available is a good thing, 
though.  If nothing else, it is something very quick we can ask other 
people to try if they seem to have similar problems.

Other than that, this alternate-port patch is a low-impact patch not 
affecting hardware not on the blacklist, which makes it appropriate for 
2.6.24 IMO.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 19:55                                                         ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17 21:02                                                           ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-17 21:17                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-17 21:02 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol



H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> David P. Reed wrote:
>> As support: port 80 on the reporter's (my) HP dv9000z laptop clearly 
>> responds to reads differently than "unused" ports.  In particular, an 
>> inb takes 1/2 the elapsed time compared to a read to "known" unused 
>> port 0xed - 792 tsc ticks for port 80 compared to about 1450 tsc 
>> ticks for port 0xed and other unused ports (tsc at 800 MHz).
>>
>
> Any timings for port 0xf0 (write zero), out of curiosity?
>

Here's a bunch of data:

port 0xF0: cycles: out 919, in 933
port 0xed: cycles: out 2541, in 2036
port 0x70: cycles: out n/a,  in 934
port 0x80: cycles: out 1424, in 795

AMD Turion 64x2 TL-60 CPU running at 800 MHz, nVidia MCP51 chipset, 
Quanta motherboard.  Running 2.6.24-rc5 with Ingo's patch so inb_p, etc. 
use port 0xed.

Note that I can run the port 80 test once, the second time I get the 
hard freeze.  I didn't try writing to port 70 from userspace - that 
one's dangerous, but the reading of it was included for a timing typical 
of a chipset supported device.  These are all pretty consistent.

I find the "read" timing from 0x80 verrrrry interesting.  The write 
timeing is also interesting, being faster than an unused port. 



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 23:29                           ` Alan Cox
  2007-12-15  3:04                             ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-15  8:08                             ` Paul Rolland
@ 2007-12-17 21:04                             ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 23:20                               ` Pavel Machek
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17 21:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar

On 15-12-07 00:29, Alan Cox wrote:

>>> ?? Just initialize bogomips to 6GHz equivalent... and we are fine
>>> until 6GHz cpus come out.
>> How long will that take to boot on a 386?
> 
> Well the dumb approach to fix that would seem to be to initialise it to
> 
> 	cpu->family   3 -> 50MHz 4 -> 300Mhz 5-> etc...

By the way, you have a 300 MHz 486? I believe 3 -> 40, 4 -> 133, 5 -> 233 
would be good? And I'm not really sure about the etc. P6 has a large range 
again...

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 21:02                                                           ` David P. Reed
@ 2007-12-17 21:17                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-17 21:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox, Pavel Machek,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

David P. Reed wrote:
> 
> Note that I can run the port 80 test once, the second time I get the 
> hard freeze.  I didn't try writing to port 70 from userspace - that 
> one's dangerous, but the reading of it was included for a timing typical 
> of a chipset supported device.  These are all pretty consistent.
> 
> I find the "read" timing from 0x80 verrrrry interesting.  The write 
> timeing is also interesting, being faster than an unused port.
> 

Once again: reading from port 0x80 goes to the DMA page device.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 19:43                                                       ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-17 19:55                                                         ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17 21:25                                                         ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-01 15:57                                                           ` David P. Reed
  2008-01-01 15:59                                                           ` David P. Reed
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2007-12-17 21:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

> responds to reads differently than "unused" ports.  In particular, an 
> inb takes 1/2 the elapsed time compared to a read to "known" unused port 
> 0xed - 792 tsc ticks for port 80 compared to about 1450 tsc ticks for 
> port 0xed and other unused ports (tsc at 800 MHz).

Well at least we know where the port is now - thats too fast for an LPC
bus device, so it must be an SMI trap.

Only easy way to find out is to use the debugging event counters and see
how many instruction cycles are issued as part of the 0x80 port. If its
suprisingly high then you've got a firmware bug and can go spank HP.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 19:38                                                         ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-17 19:55                                                           ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17 21:28                                                           ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-17 21:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Rene Herman, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland, Alan Cox,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com> wrote:

> Ingo -
>
> I finished testing the rolled up patch that you provided.  It seems to work 
> just fine.  Thank you for putting this all together and persevering in this 
> long and complex discussion. 
> Here are the results, on the offending laptop, using 2.6.24-rc5 plus that 
> one patch.
>
> First: booted with normal boot parameters (no io_delay=):
>
>    According to dmesg, 0xed is used.
>
>    hwclock ran fine, hundreds of times.
>    my shell script loop doing "cat /dev/nvram > /dev/null" ran fine, 
> several times.
>    Running Rene's "port 80" speed test ran fine once, then froze the system 
> hard.  (expected)
>
> Second: booted with io_delay=0x80, several tests, rebooting after freezes:
>
>    hwclock froze system hard.  (this is the problem that drove me to find 
> this bug).
>    my shell script loop froze system hard.
>
> Third: booted with io_delay=none:
>
>    hwclock ran fine, also hundreds of times.
>    my shell script loop ran fine several times.
>    Running rene's port80 test ran fine twice, froze system hard on third 
> try.
>
> Fourth: booted with io_delay=udelay:
>
>    hwclock ran fine, also hundreds of times.
>    my shell script loop ran fine several times.
>    Running Rene's port80 test ran fine, froze system hard on second try.
>
> Analysis:
>
>    patch works fine, and default to 0xed seems super conservative. I 
> will probably use the boot parameter io_delay=none, because I don't 
> seem to have any I/O
>    devices that require any delays - and this way I can find any that 
>    do.

great, and thanks for the extensive testing! I've added this line to the 
patch:

 Tested-by: "David P. Reed" <dpreed@reed.com>

if you dont mind.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 20:57                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17 21:33                                                               ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 21:40                                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17 21:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin, Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Rene Herman, Alan Cox, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, rol

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1695 bytes --]

On 17-12-07 21:57, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> Rene Herman wrote:
>> On 17-12-07 17:12, Alan Cox wrote:
>>
>>> I don't think we should be offering udelay based delays at this point.
>>> There are a lot of drivers to fix first. This is just one trivial 
>>> example
>>
>> I agree. This thread's too full of people calling this outb method a 
>> dumb hack. It's a well-known legacy PC thing and while in practice the 
>> udelay might be a functional replacement for a majority of cases (save 
>> the races you are finding) a delay proportional to the bus speed makes 
>> great sense certainly when talking to hardware that itself runs 
>> proportinal to the bus speed for example.
>>
>> So, really, how about just sticking in this minimal version for now? 
>> Only switches the port to 0xed based on DMI and is all that is needed 
>> to fix the actual problem. This should be minimal and no-risk enough 
>> that it could also go to .24 if people want it to. It'll fix a few HP 
>> laptops (I'll try and get/verify the dv6000z DMI strings as well).
>>
> 
> I think retaining the command-line option available is a good thing, 
> though.  If nothing else, it is something very quick we can ask other 
> people to try if they seem to have similar problems.

Well, yes, I guess that does make sense. It's back again. Named the choices 
"standard" and "alternate" again as I feel "0x80" and "0xed" suggest they're 
free values a bit too much but if anyone feels strongly about it, so be it.

> Other than that, this alternate-port patch is a low-impact patch not 
> affecting hardware not on the blacklist, which makes it appropriate for 
> 2.6.24 IMO.

Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>

[-- Attachment #2: dmi-port80-minimal-bootparam.diff --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 10720 bytes --]

commit c83008ff40e95f89407807cb122127c5444b3bc4
Author: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
Date:   Mon Dec 17 21:23:55 2007 +0100

    x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
    
    Certain (HP) laptops experience trouble from our port 0x80 I/O delay
    writes. This patch provides for a DMI based switch to the "alternate
    diagnostic port" 0xed (as used by some BIOSes as well) for these.
    
    David P. Reed confirmed that port 0xed works for him and provides a
    proper delay. The symptoms of _not_ working are a hanging machine,
    with "hwclock" use being a direct trigger.
    
    Earlier versions of this attempted to simply use udelay(2), with the
    2 being a value tested to be a nicely conservative upper-bound with
    help from many on the linux-kernel mailinglist, but that approach has
    two problems.
    
    First, pre-loops_per_jiffy calibration (which is post PIT init while
    some implementations of the PIT are actually one of the historically
    problematic devices that need the delay) udelay() isn't particularly
    well-defined. We could initialise loops_per_jiffy conservatively (and
    based on CPU family so as to not unduly delay old machines) which
    would sort of work, but still leaves:
    
    Second, delaying isn't the only effect that a write to port 0x80 has.
    It's also a PCI posting barrier which some devices may be explicitly
    or implicitly relying on. Alan Cox did a survey and found evidence
    that additionally various drivers are racy on SMP without the bus
    locking outb.
    
    Switching to an inb() makes the timing too unpredictable and as such,
    this DMI based switch should be the safest approach for now. Any more
    invasive changes should get more rigid testing first. It's moreover
    only very few machines with the problem and a DMI based hack seems
    to fit that situation.
    
    An early boot parameter to make the choice manually (and override any
    possible DMI based decision) is also provided:
    
    	io_delay=standard|alternate
    
    This does not change the io_delay() in the boot code which is using
    the same port 0x80 I/O delay but those do not appear to be a problem
    as tested by David P. Reed. He moreover reported that booting with
    "acpi=off" also fixed things and seeing as how ACPI isn't touched
    until after this DMI based I/O port switch leaving the ones in the
    boot code be is safe.
    
    The DMI strings from David's HP Pavilion dv9000z are in there already
    and we need to get/verify the DMI info from other machines with the
    problem, notably the HP Pavilion dv6000z.
    
    This patch is partly based on earlier patches from Pavel Machek and
    David P. Reed.
    
    Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>

diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 33121d6..ff66cf4 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -785,6 +785,13 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. It is defined in the file
 			for translation below 32 bit and if not available
 			then look in the higher range.
 
+	io_delay=	[X86-32,X86-64] I/O delay port
+		standard
+			Use the 0x80 standard I/O delay port (default)
+		alternate
+			Use the 0xed alternate I/O delay port
+
+			Use the
 	io7=		[HW] IO7 for Marvel based alpha systems
 			See comment before marvel_specify_io7 in
 			arch/alpha/kernel/core_marvel.c.
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
index b74d60d..288e162 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
index 6ea015a..43e5fcc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
index a7bc93c..0cc1981 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ CPPFLAGS_vmlinux.lds += -Ui386
 obj-y	:= process_32.o signal_32.o entry_32.o traps_32.o irq_32.o \
 		ptrace_32.o time_32.o ioport_32.o ldt_32.o setup_32.o i8259_32.o sys_i386_32.o \
 		pci-dma_32.o i386_ksyms_32.o i387_32.o bootflag.o e820_32.o\
-		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o
+		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
index 5a88890..08a68f0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ obj-y	:= process_64.o signal_64.o entry_64.o traps_64.o irq_64.o \
 		x8664_ksyms_64.o i387_64.o syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o \
 		setup64.o bootflag.o e820_64.o reboot_64.o quirks.o i8237.o \
 		pci-dma_64.o pci-nommu_64.o alternative.o hpet.o tsc_64.o bugs_64.o \
-		i8253.o
+		i8253.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5029e7a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -0,0 +1,69 @@
+/*
+ * I/O delay strategies for inb_p/outb_p
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/dmi.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+/*
+ * Allow for a DMI based override of port 0x80
+ */
+#define IO_DELAY_PORT_STD 0x80
+#define IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT 0xed
+
+static unsigned short io_delay_port __read_mostly = IO_DELAY_PORT_STD;
+
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	asm volatile ("outb %%al, %w0" : : "d" (io_delay_port));
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_io_delay);
+
+static int __init dmi_io_delay_port_alt(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
+{
+	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
+	io_delay_port = IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct dmi_system_id __initdata dmi_io_delay_port_alt_table[] = {
+	{
+		.callback	= dmi_io_delay_port_alt,
+		.ident		= "HP Pavilion dv9000z",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30B9")
+		}
+	},
+	{
+	}
+};
+
+static int __initdata io_delay_override;
+
+static int __init io_delay_param(char *s)
+{
+	if (!s)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!strcmp(s, "standard"))
+		io_delay_port = IO_DELAY_PORT_STD;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "alternate"))
+		io_delay_port = IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT;
+	else
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	io_delay_override = 1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+early_param("io_delay", io_delay_param);
+
+void __init io_delay_init(void)
+{
+	if (!io_delay_override)
+		dmi_check_system(dmi_io_delay_port_alt_table);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
index e1e18c3..6c3a3b4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
@@ -648,6 +648,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_GENERICARCH
 	generic_apic_probe();
 #endif	
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
index 30d94d1..ec976ed 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
@@ -311,6 +311,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 	/* setup to use the static apicid table during kernel startup */
 	x86_cpu_to_apicid_ptr = (void *)&x86_cpu_to_apicid_init;
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
index fe881cd..690b8f4 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,8 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(void)
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
index a037b07..b2d4994 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,18 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
+static inline void slow_down_io(void)
+{
+	native_io_delay();
 #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
 #endif
+}
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -50,21 +55,21 @@
 static inline void out##s(unsigned x value, unsigned short port) {
 
 #define __OUT2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1" : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port))
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
-__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); } \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); }
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
 
 #define __IN2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0" : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port))
 
-#define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
-__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+#define __IN(s,s1) \
+__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); return _v; }
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 21:33                                                               ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17 21:40                                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 21:46                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 21:50                                                                   ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-17 21:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Alan Cox, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> 
> Well, yes, I guess that does make sense. It's back again. Named the 
> choices "standard" and "alternate" again as I feel "0x80" and "0xed" 
> suggest they're free values a bit too much but if anyone feels strongly 
> about it, so be it.
> 

They ARE -- or really, should be, free values (0xeb and 0xf0 are other 
reasonable values, for example.)

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 20:48                                                           ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 20:57                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17 21:41                                                             ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 21:47                                                               ` Rene Herman
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-17 21:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:

> On 17-12-07 17:12, Alan Cox wrote:
>
>> I don't think we should be offering udelay based delays at this point.
>> There are a lot of drivers to fix first. This is just one trivial example
>
> I agree. This thread's too full of people calling this outb method a 
> dumb hack. It's a well-known legacy PC thing and while in practice the 
> udelay might be a functional replacement for a majority of cases (save 
> the races you are finding) a delay proportional to the bus speed makes 
> great sense certainly when talking to hardware that itself runs 
> proportinal to the bus speed for example.
>
> So, really, how about just sticking in this minimal version for now? 
> Only switches the port to 0xed based on DMI and is all that is needed 
> to fix the actual problem. This should be minimal and no-risk enough 
> that it could also go to .24 if people want it to. It'll fix a few HP 
> laptops (I'll try and get/verify the dv6000z DMI strings as well).
>
> Ingo?
>
> Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>

hm, i see this as a step backwards from the pretty flexible patch that 
David already tested. (and which also passed a few hundred bootup tests 
on my x86 test-grid)

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 21:40                                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-17 21:46                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 21:50                                                                   ` Rene Herman
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-17 21:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, rol


* H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:

> Rene Herman wrote:
>>
>> Well, yes, I guess that does make sense. It's back again. Named the 
>> choices "standard" and "alternate" again as I feel "0x80" and "0xed" 
>> suggest they're free values a bit too much but if anyone feels 
>> strongly about it, so be it.
>
> They ARE -- or really, should be, free values (0xeb and 0xf0 are other 
> reasonable values, for example.)

yeah. We've got the variant below for now, tested by David. We can still 
change things later on if the need arises.

	Ingo

-------------->
Subject: x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
From: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>

x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.

Certain (HP) laptops experience trouble from our port 0x80 I/O delay
writes. This patch provides for a DMI based switch to the "alternate
diagnostic port" 0xed (as used by some BIOSes as well) for these.

David P. Reed confirmed that port 0xed works for him and provides a
proper delay. The symptoms of _not_ working are a hanging machine,
with "hwclock" use being a direct trigger.

Earlier versions of this attempted to simply use udelay(2), with the
2 being a value tested to be a nicely conservative upper-bound with
help from many on the linux-kernel mailinglist but that approach has
two problems.

First, pre-loops_per_jiffy calibration (which is post PIT init while
some implementations of the PIT are actually one of the historically
problematic devices that need the delay) udelay() isn't particularly
well-defined. We could initialise loops_per_jiffy conservatively (and
based on CPU family so as to not unduly delay old machines) which
would sort of work, but...

Second, delaying isn't the only effect that a write to port 0x80 has.
It's also a PCI posting barrier which some devices may be explicitly
or implicitly relying on. Alan Cox did a survey and found evidence
that additionally some drivers may be racy on SMP without the bus
locking outb.

Switching to an inb() makes the timing too unpredictable and as such,
this DMI based switch should be the safest approach for now. Any more
invasive changes should get more rigid testing first. It's moreover
only very few machines with the problem and a DMI based hack seems
to fit that situation.

This also introduces a command-line parameter "io_delay" to override
the DMI based choice again:

	io_delay=<0x80|0xed|udelay|none>

where 0x80 means using the standard port 0x80 and 0xed means the
alternate port 0xed.

All these methods can also be selected via the kernel .config,
and can be runtime tuned via /proc/sys/kernel/io_delay_type (for
debugging purposes).

The DMI strings from David's HP Pavilion dv9000z are in there already
and we need to get/verify the DMI info from other machines with the
problem, notably the HP Pavilion dv6000z.

This patch is partly based on earlier patches from Pavel Machek and
David P. Reed.

[ mingo@elte.hu:
  - add the io_delay=none method
  - make each method selectable from the kernel config
  - eliminate the indirect function calls
  - add the /proc/sys/kernel/io_delay_type sysctl
  - change 'standard' and 'alternate' to 0x80 and 0xed
  - make the io delay config not depend on CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL ]

Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Tested-by: "David P. Reed" <dpreed@reed.com>
---
 Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt |   10 +++
 arch/x86/Kconfig.debug              |   74 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c  |    8 +-
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c  |    8 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32         |    2 
 arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64         |    2 
 arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c          |   98 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c          |    2 
 arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c          |    2 
 include/asm-x86/io_32.h             |    8 +-
 include/asm-x86/io_64.h             |   29 ++++++----
 kernel/sysctl.c                     |    9 +++
 12 files changed, 227 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

Index: linux-x86.q/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ linux-x86.q/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -785,6 +785,16 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. 
 			for translation below 32 bit and if not available
 			then look in the higher range.
 
+	io_delay=	[X86-32,X86-64] I/O delay method
+		0x80
+			Standard port 0x80 based delay
+		0xed
+			Alternate port 0xed based delay (needed on some systems)
+		udelay
+			Simple two microseconds delay
+		none
+			No delay
+
 	io7=		[HW] IO7 for Marvel based alpha systems
 			See comment before marvel_specify_io7 in
 			arch/alpha/kernel/core_marvel.c.
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
@@ -112,4 +112,78 @@ config IOMMU_LEAK
 	  Add a simple leak tracer to the IOMMU code. This is useful when you
 	  are debugging a buggy device driver that leaks IOMMU mappings.
 
+#
+# IO delay types:
+#
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80
+	int
+	default "0"
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED
+	int
+	default "1"
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY
+	int
+	default "2"
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE
+	int
+	default "3"
+
+choice
+	prompt "IO delay type"
+	default IO_DELAY_0X80
+
+config IO_DELAY_0X80
+	bool "port 0x80 based port-IO delay [recommended]"
+	help
+	  This is the traditional Linux IO delay used for in/out_p.
+	  It is the most tested hence safest selection here.
+
+config IO_DELAY_0XED
+	bool "port 0xed based port-IO delay"
+	help
+	  Use port 0xed as the IO delay. This frees up port 0x80 which is
+	  often used as a hardware-debug port.
+
+config IO_DELAY_UDELAY
+	bool "udelay based port-IO delay"
+	help
+	  Use udelay(2) as the IO delay method. This provides the delay
+	  while not having any side-effect on the IO port space.
+
+config IO_DELAY_NONE
+	bool "no port-IO delay"
+	help
+	  No port-IO delay. Will break on old boxes that require port-IO
+	  delay for certain operations. Should work on most new machines.
+
+endchoice
+
+if IO_DELAY_0X80
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80
+endif
+
+if IO_DELAY_0XED
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED
+endif
+
+if IO_DELAY_UDELAY
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY
+endif
+
+if IO_DELAY_NONE
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE
+endif
+
 endmenu
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ CPPFLAGS_vmlinux.lds += -Ui386
 obj-y	:= process_32.o signal_32.o entry_32.o traps_32.o irq_32.o \
 		ptrace_32.o time_32.o ioport_32.o ldt_32.o setup_32.o i8259_32.o sys_i386_32.o \
 		pci-dma_32.o i386_ksyms_32.o i387_32.o bootflag.o e820_32.o\
-		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o
+		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ obj-y	:= process_64.o signal_64.o entry_
 		x8664_ksyms_64.o i387_64.o syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o \
 		setup64.o bootflag.o e820_64.o reboot_64.o quirks.o i8237.o \
 		pci-dma_64.o pci-nommu_64.o alternative.o hpet.o tsc_64.o bugs_64.o \
-		i8253.o
+		i8253.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -0,0 +1,98 @@
+/*
+ * I/O delay strategies for inb_p/outb_p
+ *
+ * Allow for a DMI based override of port 0x80, needed for certain HP laptops
+ * and possibly other systems. Also allow for the gradual elimination of
+ * outb_p/inb_p API uses.
+ */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/dmi.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+int io_delay_type __read_mostly = CONFIG_DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(io_delay_type);
+
+static int __initdata io_delay_override;
+
+/*
+ * Paravirt wants native_io_delay to be a constant.
+ */
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	switch (io_delay_type) {
+	default:
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80:
+		asm volatile ("outb %al, $0x80");
+		break;
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED:
+		asm volatile ("outb %al, $0xed");
+		break;
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY:
+		/*
+		 * 2 usecs is an upper-bound for the outb delay but
+		 * note that udelay doesn't have the bus-level
+		 * side-effects that outb does, nor does udelay() have
+		 * precise timings during very early bootup (the delays
+		 * are shorter until calibrated):
+		 */
+		udelay(2);
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE:
+		break;
+	}
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_io_delay);
+
+static int __init dmi_io_delay_0xed_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
+{
+	if (io_delay_type == CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80) {
+		printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using 0xed I/O delay port\n",
+			id->ident);
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Quirk table for systems that misbehave (lock up, etc.) if port
+ * 0x80 is used:
+ */
+static struct dmi_system_id __initdata io_delay_0xed_port_dmi_table[] = {
+	{
+		.callback	= dmi_io_delay_0xed_port,
+		.ident		= "HP Pavilion dv9000z",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30B9")
+		}
+	},
+	{ }
+};
+
+void __init io_delay_init(void)
+{
+	if (!io_delay_override)
+		dmi_check_system(io_delay_0xed_port_dmi_table);
+}
+
+static int __init io_delay_param(char *s)
+{
+	if (!strcmp(s, "0x80"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "0xed"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "udelay"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "none"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE;
+	else
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	io_delay_override = 1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+early_param("io_delay", io_delay_param);
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
@@ -648,6 +648,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_GENERICARCH
 	generic_apic_probe();
 #endif	
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
@@ -311,6 +311,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 	/* setup to use the static apicid table during kernel startup */
 	x86_cpu_to_apicid_ptr = (void *)&x86_cpu_to_apicid_init;
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,10 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(v
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
+
+extern int io_delay_type;
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,20 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
+extern int io_delay_type;
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+
+static inline void slow_down_io(void)
+{
+	native_io_delay();
 #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
 #endif
+}
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -50,21 +57,21 @@
 static inline void out##s(unsigned x value, unsigned short port) {
 
 #define __OUT2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1" : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port))
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
-__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); } \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); }
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
 
 #define __IN2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0" : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port))
 
-#define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
-__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+#define __IN(s,s1) \
+__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); return _v; }
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \
Index: linux-x86.q/kernel/sysctl.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ linux-x86.q/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86
 #include <asm/nmi.h>
 #include <asm/stacktrace.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
 #endif
 
 static int deprecated_sysctl_warning(struct __sysctl_args *args);
@@ -683,6 +684,14 @@ static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
 		.mode		= 0644,
 		.proc_handler	= &proc_dointvec,
 	},
+	{
+		.ctl_name	= CTL_UNNUMBERED,
+		.procname	= "io_delay_type",
+		.data		= &io_delay_type,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= &proc_dointvec,
+	},
 #endif
 #if defined(CONFIG_MMU)
 	{

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 21:41                                                             ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-17 21:47                                                               ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 21:56                                                                 ` Ingo Molnar
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17 21:47 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Rene Herman, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1752 bytes --]

On 17-12-07 22:41, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> * Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:
> 
>> On 17-12-07 17:12, Alan Cox wrote:
>>
>>> I don't think we should be offering udelay based delays at this point.
>>> There are a lot of drivers to fix first. This is just one trivial example
>> I agree. This thread's too full of people calling this outb method a 
>> dumb hack. It's a well-known legacy PC thing and while in practice the 
>> udelay might be a functional replacement for a majority of cases (save 
>> the races you are finding) a delay proportional to the bus speed makes 
>> great sense certainly when talking to hardware that itself runs 
>> proportinal to the bus speed for example.
>>
>> So, really, how about just sticking in this minimal version for now? 
>> Only switches the port to 0xed based on DMI and is all that is needed 
>> to fix the actual problem. This should be minimal and no-risk enough 
>> that it could also go to .24 if people want it to. It'll fix a few HP 
>> laptops (I'll try and get/verify the dv6000z DMI strings as well).
>>
>> Ingo?
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
> 
> hm, i see this as a step backwards from the pretty flexible patch that 
> David already tested. (and which also passed a few hundred bootup tests 
> on my x86 test-grid)

Please see Alan's comment that udelay (and none) shouldn't yet be provided 
as a choice. It opens race windows in drivers even when it works in practice 
on most setups. The version with "udelay" and "none" is not minimal, not low 
risk and certainly not .24 material.

David tested this part of the patch just as well.

Attached again (with the boot param) since I see I left in an extraneous 
'Use the" in the kernel-parameters.txt file.

Rene.

[-- Attachment #2: dmi-port80-minimal-bootparam.diff --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 10708 bytes --]

commit c12c7a47b9af87e8d867d5aa0ca5c6bcdd2463da
Author: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
Date:   Mon Dec 17 21:23:55 2007 +0100

    x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
    
    Certain (HP) laptops experience trouble from our port 0x80 I/O delay
    writes. This patch provides for a DMI based switch to the "alternate
    diagnostic port" 0xed (as used by some BIOSes as well) for these.
    
    David P. Reed confirmed that port 0xed works for him and provides a
    proper delay. The symptoms of _not_ working are a hanging machine,
    with "hwclock" use being a direct trigger.
    
    Earlier versions of this attempted to simply use udelay(2), with the
    2 being a value tested to be a nicely conservative upper-bound with
    help from many on the linux-kernel mailinglist, but that approach has
    two problems.
    
    First, pre-loops_per_jiffy calibration (which is post PIT init while
    some implementations of the PIT are actually one of the historically
    problematic devices that need the delay) udelay() isn't particularly
    well-defined. We could initialise loops_per_jiffy conservatively (and
    based on CPU family so as to not unduly delay old machines) which
    would sort of work, but still leaves:
    
    Second, delaying isn't the only effect that a write to port 0x80 has.
    It's also a PCI posting barrier which some devices may be explicitly
    or implicitly relying on. Alan Cox did a survey and found evidence
    that additionally various drivers are racy on SMP without the bus
    locking outb.
    
    Switching to an inb() makes the timing too unpredictable and as such,
    this DMI based switch should be the safest approach for now. Any more
    invasive changes should get more rigid testing first. It's moreover
    only very few machines with the problem and a DMI based hack seems
    to fit that situation.
    
    An early boot parameter to make the choice manually (and override any
    possible DMI based decision) is also provided:
    
    	io_delay=standard|alternate
    
    This does not change the io_delay() in the boot code which is using
    the same port 0x80 I/O delay but those do not appear to be a problem
    as tested by David P. Reed. He moreover reported that booting with
    "acpi=off" also fixed things and seeing as how ACPI isn't touched
    until after this DMI based I/O port switch leaving the ones in the
    boot code be is safe.
    
    The DMI strings from David's HP Pavilion dv9000z are in there already
    and we need to get/verify the DMI info from other machines with the
    problem, notably the HP Pavilion dv6000z.
    
    This patch is partly based on earlier patches from Pavel Machek and
    David P. Reed.
    
    Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>

diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 33121d6..6948e25 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -785,6 +785,12 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. It is defined in the file
 			for translation below 32 bit and if not available
 			then look in the higher range.
 
+	io_delay=	[X86-32,X86-64] I/O delay port
+		standard
+			Use the 0x80 standard I/O delay port (default)
+		alternate
+			Use the 0xed alternate I/O delay port
+
 	io7=		[HW] IO7 for Marvel based alpha systems
 			See comment before marvel_specify_io7 in
 			arch/alpha/kernel/core_marvel.c.
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
index b74d60d..288e162 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
index 6ea015a..43e5fcc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
index a7bc93c..0cc1981 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ CPPFLAGS_vmlinux.lds += -Ui386
 obj-y	:= process_32.o signal_32.o entry_32.o traps_32.o irq_32.o \
 		ptrace_32.o time_32.o ioport_32.o ldt_32.o setup_32.o i8259_32.o sys_i386_32.o \
 		pci-dma_32.o i386_ksyms_32.o i387_32.o bootflag.o e820_32.o\
-		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o
+		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64 b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
index 5a88890..08a68f0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ obj-y	:= process_64.o signal_64.o entry_64.o traps_64.o irq_64.o \
 		x8664_ksyms_64.o i387_64.o syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o \
 		setup64.o bootflag.o e820_64.o reboot_64.o quirks.o i8237.o \
 		pci-dma_64.o pci-nommu_64.o alternative.o hpet.o tsc_64.o bugs_64.o \
-		i8253.o
+		i8253.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5029e7a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -0,0 +1,69 @@
+/*
+ * I/O delay strategies for inb_p/outb_p
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/dmi.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+/*
+ * Allow for a DMI based override of port 0x80
+ */
+#define IO_DELAY_PORT_STD 0x80
+#define IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT 0xed
+
+static unsigned short io_delay_port __read_mostly = IO_DELAY_PORT_STD;
+
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	asm volatile ("outb %%al, %w0" : : "d" (io_delay_port));
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_io_delay);
+
+static int __init dmi_io_delay_port_alt(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
+{
+	printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using alternate I/O delay port\n", id->ident);
+	io_delay_port = IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct dmi_system_id __initdata dmi_io_delay_port_alt_table[] = {
+	{
+		.callback	= dmi_io_delay_port_alt,
+		.ident		= "HP Pavilion dv9000z",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30B9")
+		}
+	},
+	{
+	}
+};
+
+static int __initdata io_delay_override;
+
+static int __init io_delay_param(char *s)
+{
+	if (!s)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!strcmp(s, "standard"))
+		io_delay_port = IO_DELAY_PORT_STD;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "alternate"))
+		io_delay_port = IO_DELAY_PORT_ALT;
+	else
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	io_delay_override = 1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+early_param("io_delay", io_delay_param);
+
+void __init io_delay_init(void)
+{
+	if (!io_delay_override)
+		dmi_check_system(dmi_io_delay_port_alt_table);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
index e1e18c3..6c3a3b4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
@@ -648,6 +648,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_GENERICARCH
 	generic_apic_probe();
 #endif	
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
index 30d94d1..ec976ed 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
@@ -311,6 +311,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 	/* setup to use the static apicid table during kernel startup */
 	x86_cpu_to_apicid_ptr = (void *)&x86_cpu_to_apicid_init;
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
index fe881cd..690b8f4 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,8 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(void)
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
index a037b07..b2d4994 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,18 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
+static inline void slow_down_io(void)
+{
+	native_io_delay();
 #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
 #endif
+}
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -50,21 +55,21 @@
 static inline void out##s(unsigned x value, unsigned short port) {
 
 #define __OUT2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1" : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port))
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
-__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); } \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); }
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
 
 #define __IN2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0" : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port))
 
-#define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
-__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+#define __IN(s,s1) \
+__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); return _v; }
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 21:40                                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 21:46                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-17 21:50                                                                   ` Rene Herman
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17 21:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Alan Cox, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, rol

On 17-12-07 22:40, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> Rene Herman wrote:
>>
>> Well, yes, I guess that does make sense. It's back again. Named the 
>> choices "standard" and "alternate" again as I feel "0x80" and "0xed" 
>> suggest they're free values a bit too much but if anyone feels 
>> strongly about it, so be it.
>>
> 
> They ARE -- or really, should be, free values (0xeb and 0xf0 are other 
> reasonable values, for example.)

I was afraid someone would say that. Making a random port available is fine 
for testing purposes but a failry dangerous thing to do generally. For a 
minimal version at -rc4 time, I believe sticking with 0x80 and 0xed ie best.

Lots of time during .25 to go wild...

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 21:47                                                               ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17 21:56                                                                 ` Ingo Molnar
  2007-12-17 22:01                                                                   ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2007-12-17 21:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:

>>> Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
>>
>> hm, i see this as a step backwards from the pretty flexible patch 
>> that David already tested. (and which also passed a few hundred 
>> bootup tests on my x86 test-grid)
>
> Please see Alan's comment that udelay (and none) shouldn't yet be 
> provided as a choice. It opens race windows in drivers even when it 
> works in practice on most setups. The version with "udelay" and "none" 
> is not minimal, not low risk and certainly not .24 material.

huh? By default we still use port 0x80. Any udelay is non-default and 
needs the user to explicitly switch to it. But it enables us to debug 
any suspected drivers by asking testers to: "please try this driver with 
io_delay=udelay, does it still work fine?". So those extra options are 
quite sensible. If you have any real technical arguments against that 
then please let us know.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 21:56                                                                 ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2007-12-17 22:01                                                                   ` Rene Herman
  2007-12-17 22:18                                                                     ` David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2007-12-17 22:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Rene Herman, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

On 17-12-07 22:56, Ingo Molnar wrote:

> * Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com> wrote:
> 
>>>> Signed-off-by: Rene Herman <rene.herman@gmail.com>
>>> hm, i see this as a step backwards from the pretty flexible patch 
>>> that David already tested. (and which also passed a few hundred 
>>> bootup tests on my x86 test-grid)
>> Please see Alan's comment that udelay (and none) shouldn't yet be 
>> provided as a choice. It opens race windows in drivers even when it 
>> works in practice on most setups. The version with "udelay" and "none" 
>> is not minimal, not low risk and certainly not .24 material.
> 
> huh? By default we still use port 0x80. Any udelay is non-default and 
> needs the user to explicitly switch to it.  But it enables us to debug
> any suspected drivers by asking testers to: "please try this driver with 
> io_delay=udelay, does it still work fine?". So those extra options are 
> quite sensible. If you have any real technical arguments against that 
> then please let us know.

Ingo, have lots of fun playing with yourself, but remove my sign off from 
anything with the udelay and none methods.

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 22:01                                                                   ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17 22:18                                                                     ` David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2007-12-17 22:18 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Alan Cox, H. Peter Anvin, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Besides the two reports of freezes on bugzilla.kernel.org (9511, 6307), 
the following two bug reports on bugzilla.redhat.com are almost 
certainly due to the same cause (imo, of course): 245834, 227234.

Ubuntu launchpad bug 158849 also seems to report the same problem, for 
an HP dv6258se 64-bit machine.

Also this one: 
http://www.mail-archive.com/linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org/msg10321.html

If you want to collect dmidecode data from these folks, perhaps we might 
get a wider sense of what categories of machines are affected.  They all 
seem to be recemt HP and Compaq AMD64 laptops, probably all Quanta 
motherboards.



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-14 22:13                         ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-14 23:29                           ` Alan Cox
@ 2007-12-17 22:46                           ` Jan Engelhardt
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Jan Engelhardt @ 2007-12-17 22:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman


On Dec 14 2007 14:13, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
>> 
>> ?? Just initialize bogomips to 6GHz equivalent... and we are fine
>> until 6GHz cpus come out.
>
> How long will that take to boot on a 386?
>
Load it up in bochs and have look at the wallclock. I think that is a
good estimate when you have no real 386 nearby.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15 17:46                                   ` Alan Cox
@ 2007-12-17 22:50                                     ` Jan Engelhardt
  2007-12-17 22:52                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Jan Engelhardt @ 2007-12-17 22:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman


On Dec 15 2007 17:46, Alan Cox wrote:
>
>> My understanding is that the linux starts in real mode, and uses the 
>> BIOS for such things as reading the very first image.   
>
>Not always. We may enter from 32bit in some cases, and we may also not
>have a PC BIOS in the first place.

Computers without a PC BIOS (I'm trying to think of something, e.g.
the typical SUN sparc64 box) should have other means of accessing a
clocksource, no?

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-17 22:50                                     ` Jan Engelhardt
@ 2007-12-17 22:52                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2007-12-17 22:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jan Engelhardt
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Pavel Machek, Ingo Molnar,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

Jan Engelhardt wrote:
> On Dec 15 2007 17:46, Alan Cox wrote:
>>> My understanding is that the linux starts in real mode, and uses the 
>>> BIOS for such things as reading the very first image.   
>> Not always. We may enter from 32bit in some cases, and we may also not
>> have a PC BIOS in the first place.
> 
> Computers without a PC BIOS (I'm trying to think of something, e.g.
> the typical SUN sparc64 box) should have other means of accessing a
> clocksource, no?

We were talking about x86 here, though.

Even on x86 we sometimes run from the 32-bit entrypoint.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-17 21:04                             ` Rene Herman
@ 2007-12-17 23:20                               ` Pavel Machek
  2007-12-18  0:06                                 ` Alan Cox
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Machek @ 2007-12-17 23:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Alan Cox, H. Peter Anvin, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar

On Mon 2007-12-17 22:04:19, Rene Herman wrote:
> On 15-12-07 00:29, Alan Cox wrote:
>
>>>> ?? Just initialize bogomips to 6GHz equivalent... and we are fine
>>>> until 6GHz cpus come out.
>>> How long will that take to boot on a 386?
>> Well the dumb approach to fix that would seem to be to initialise it to
>> 	cpu->family   3 -> 50MHz 4 -> 300Mhz 5-> etc...
>
> By the way, you have a 300 MHz 486? I believe 3 -> 40, 4 -> 133, 5 -> 233 
> would be good? And I'm not really sure about the etc. P6 has a large range 
> again...

Some nexgen 5x86 boxes were pretty fast, still could not do 486... so
family 3 iirc.
									Pavel
-- 
(english) http://www.livejournal.com/~pavelmachek
(cesky, pictures) http://atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~pavel/picture/horses/blog.html

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-17 23:20                               ` Pavel Machek
@ 2007-12-18  0:06                                 ` Alan Cox
  2007-12-18 15:49                                   ` Lennart Sorensen
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2007-12-18  0:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Machek
  Cc: Rene Herman, H. Peter Anvin, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar

> > By the way, you have a 300 MHz 486? I believe 3 -> 40, 4 -> 133, 5 -> 233 
> > would be good? And I'm not really sure about the etc. P6 has a large range 
> > again...
> 
> Some nexgen 5x86 boxes were pretty fast, still could not do 486... so
> family 3 iirc.

300MHz 486 -> Nat Semi Geode.

NextGen as you say are 386 - 586 depending on the BIOS hypercode but I
believe lack WP even in > 386 mode.

Alan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-18  0:06                                 ` Alan Cox
@ 2007-12-18 15:49                                   ` Lennart Sorensen
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Lennart Sorensen @ 2007-12-18 15:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: Pavel Machek, Rene Herman, H. Peter Anvin, Ingo Molnar,
	David P. Reed, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar

On Tue, Dec 18, 2007 at 12:06:08AM +0000, Alan Cox wrote:
> 300MHz 486 -> Nat Semi Geode.
> 
> NextGen as you say are 386 - 586 depending on the BIOS hypercode but I
> believe lack WP even in > 386 mode.

Geode identifies itself as family 5 though.  It may prefer 486 code but
it's still family 5.  Well Geode GX, SCx200 and LX that is.  I imagine
the Geode NX would be family 6.

--
Len Sorensen

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-15  2:13                     ` David P. Reed
  2007-12-15  2:20                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  2007-12-17 18:14                       ` linux-os (Dick Johnson)
@ 2007-12-19 15:03                       ` Avi Kivity
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Avi Kivity @ 2007-12-19 15:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Pavel Machek, kvm-devel

David P. Reed wrote:
> Avi Kivity wrote:
>> kvm will forward a virtual machine's writes to port 0x80 to the real 
>> port.  The reason is that the write is much faster than exiting and 
>> emulating it; the difference is measurable when compiling kernels.
>>
>> Now if the cause is simply writing to port 0x80, then we must stop 
>> doing that.  But if the reason is the back-to-back writes, when we 
>> can keep it, since the other writes will be trapped by kvm and 
>> emulated.  Do you which is the case?
>>
> As for kvm, I don't have enough info to know anything about that.  Is 
> there a test you'd like me to try?
>

I have a test, but I see that it is broken for mainline.  I'll update it 
eventually, but...

> I think you are also asking if the crash on these laptops is caused 
> only by back-to-back writes.  Actually, it doesn't seem to matter if 
> they are back to back.  I can cause the crash if the writes to 80 are 
> very much spread out in time - it seems only to matter how many of 
> them get executed - almost as if there is a buffer overflow.  (And of 
> course if you do back to back writes to other ports that are 
> apparently fully unused, such as 0xED on my machine, no crash occurs).
>
> I believe (though no one seems to have confirming documentation from 
> the chipset or motherboard vendor) that port 80 is actually functional 
> for some unknown function on these machines.   (They do respond to 
> "in" instructions faster than a bus cycle abort does - more evidence).

That seems to be sufficient evidence for me to remove port 0x80 
pass-through from kvm and emulate it instead.  Given that port 80 writes 
take 1 microsecond, and that an in-kernel exit handler takes a similar 
amount of time, there won't be any significant performance loss.

-- 
error compiling committee.c: too many arguments to function


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc.
  2007-12-16 23:34                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2007-12-26 20:49                                   ` Pavel Machek
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Machek @ 2007-12-26 20:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin, security
  Cc: David P. Reed, Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, Rene Herman

On Sun 2007-12-16 15:34:58, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> Pavel Machek wrote:
>> Hi!
>>> The process of safely making delicate changes here is beyond my 
>>> responsibility as just a user - believe me, I'm not suggesting that a 
>>> risky fix be put in .24.   I can patch my own kernels, and I can even 
>>> share an unofficial patch with others for now, or suggest that Fedora and 
>>> Ubuntu add it to their downstream.
>>>
>>> May I make a small suggestion, though.   If the decision is a DMI-keyed 
>>> switch from out-80 to udelay(2)  gets put in, perhaps there should also 
>>> be a way for people to test their own configuration for the underlying 
>>> problem made available as a script.   Though it is a "hack", all you need 
>>> to freeze a problem system is to run a loop doing about 1000 "cat 
>>> /dev/nvram > /dev/null"  commands.  If that leads to a freeze, one might 
>>> ask to have the motherboard added to the DMI-key list.
>> Can you freeze it by catting /dev/rtc, too? That may be significant,
>> because that is readable for group audio (at least on some
>> systems)... which would smell like "small security hole" to me.
>
> Heck, on my system (Fedora 7), it's mode 644...

Ok, time to CC security team, I'd say.

Problem is, that some AMD64x2 nVidia laptops crash on port 0x80
access... which is easily user-triggerable by using /dev/rtc. If it is
644 on Fedora, I guess we have a problem.

Otoh, it is "only" a denial of service, and it can probably be
attributed to "buggy hardware". Is that still relevant for security team?

									Pavel
-- 
(english) http://www.livejournal.com/~pavelmachek
(cesky, pictures) http://atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~pavel/picture/horses/blog.html

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 21:25                                                         ` Alan Cox
@ 2008-01-01 15:57                                                           ` David P. Reed
  2008-01-01 21:16                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  2008-01-01 15:59                                                           ` David P. Reed
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2008-01-01 15:57 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Alan Cox wrote:
>> responds to reads differently than "unused" ports.  In particular, an 
>> inb takes 1/2 the elapsed time compared to a read to "known" unused port 
>> 0xed - 792 tsc ticks for port 80 compared to about 1450 tsc ticks for 
>> port 0xed and other unused ports (tsc at 800 MHz).
>>     
>
> Well at least we know where the port is now - thats too fast for an LPC
> bus device, so it must be an SMI trap.
>
> Only easy way to find out is to use the debugging event counters and see
> how many instruction cycles are issued as part of the 0x80 port. If its
> suprisingly high then you've got a firmware bug and can go spank HP.
>
>   
Alan, thank you for the pointers.  I have been doing variations on this 
testing theme for a while - I get intrigued by a good debugging 
challenge, and after all it's my machine...

Two relevant new data points, and then some more suggestions:

1. It appears to be a real port.  SMI traps are not happening in the 
normal outb to 80.  Hundreds of them execute perfectly with the expected 
instruction counts.  If I can trace the particular event that creates 
the hard freeze (getting really creative, here) and stop before the 
freeze disables the entire computer, I will.  That may be an SMI, or 
perhaps any other kind of interrupt or exception.  Maybe someone knows 
how to safely trace through an impending SMI while doing printk's or 
something?

2. It appears to be the standard POST diagnostic port.  On a whim, I 
disassembled my DSDT code, and studied it more closely.   It turns out 
that there are a bunch of "Store(..., DBUG)" instructions scattered 
throughout, and when you look at what DBUG is defined as, it is defined 
as an IO Port at IO address DBGP, which is a 1-byte value = 0x80.  So 
the ACPI BIOS thinks it has something to do with debugging.   There's a 
little strangeness here, however, because the value sent to the port 
occasionally has something to do with arguments to the ACPI operations 
relating to sleep and wakeup ...  could just be that those arguments are 
distinctive.

In thinking about this, I recognize a couple of things.  ACPI is telling 
us something when it declares a reference to port 80 in its code.  It's 
not telling us the function of this port on this machine, but it is 
telling us that it is being used by the BIOS.   This could be a reason 
to put out a printk warning message...   'warning: port 80 is used by 
ACPI BIOS - if you are experiencing problems, you might try an alternate 
means of iodelay.'

Second, it seems likely that there are one of two possible reasons that 
the port 80 writes cause hang/freezes:

1. buffer overflow in such a device.

2. there is some "meaning" to certain byte values being written (the 
_PTS and _WAK use of arguments that come from callers to store into port 
80 makes me suspicious.)   That might mean that the freeze happens only 
when certain values are written, or when they are written closely in 
time to some other action - being used to communicate something to the 
SMM code).   If there is some race in when Linux's port 80 writes happen 
that happen to change the meaning of a request to the hardware or to 
SMM, then we could be rarely stepping on




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2007-12-17 21:25                                                         ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-01 15:57                                                           ` David P. Reed
@ 2008-01-01 15:59                                                           ` David P. Reed
  2008-01-01 16:15                                                             ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-01 17:31                                                             ` Pavel Machek
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2008-01-01 15:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 3215 bytes --]

[attached the DSDT.dsl file fyi]

Alan Cox wrote:
>> responds to reads differently than "unused" ports.  In particular, an 
>> inb takes 1/2 the elapsed time compared to a read to "known" unused port 
>> 0xed - 792 tsc ticks for port 80 compared to about 1450 tsc ticks for 
>> port 0xed and other unused ports (tsc at 800 MHz).
>>     
>
> Well at least we know where the port is now - thats too fast for an LPC
> bus device, so it must be an SMI trap.
>
> Only easy way to find out is to use the debugging event counters and see
> how many instruction cycles are issued as part of the 0x80 port. If its
> suprisingly high then you've got a firmware bug and can go spank HP.
>
>   
Alan, thank you for the pointers.  I have been doing variations on this
testing theme for a while - I get intrigued by a good debugging
challenge, and after all it's my machine...

Two relevant new data points, and then some more suggestions:

1. It appears to be a real port.  SMI traps are not happening in the
normal outb to 80.  Hundreds of them execute perfectly with the expected
instruction counts.  If I can trace the particular event that creates
the hard freeze (getting really creative, here) and stop before the
freeze disables the entire computer, I will.  That may be an SMI, or
perhaps any other kind of interrupt or exception.  Maybe someone knows
how to safely trace through an impending SMI while doing printk's or
something?

2. It appears to be the standard POST diagnostic port.  On a whim, I
disassembled my DSDT code, and studied it more closely.   It turns out
that there are a bunch of "Store(..., DBUG)" instructions scattered
throughout, and when you look at what DBUG is defined as, it is defined
as an IO Port at IO address DBGP, which is a 1-byte value = 0x80.  So
the ACPI BIOS thinks it has something to do with debugging.   There's a
little strangeness here, however, because the value sent to the port
occasionally has something to do with arguments to the ACPI operations
relating to sleep and wakeup ...  could just be that those arguments are
distinctive.

In thinking about this, I recognize a couple of things.  ACPI is telling
us something when it declares a reference to port 80 in its code.  It's
not telling us the function of this port on this machine, but it is
telling us that it is being used by the BIOS.   This could be a reason
to put out a printk warning message...   'warning: port 80 is used by
ACPI BIOS - if you are experiencing problems, you might try an alternate
means of iodelay.'

Second, it seems likely that there are one of two possible reasons that
the port 80 writes cause hang/freezes:

1. buffer overflow in such a device.

2. there is some "meaning" to certain byte values being written (the
_PTS and _WAK use of arguments that come from callers to store into port
80 makes me suspicious.)   That might mean that the freeze happens only
when certain values are written, or when they are written closely in
time to some other action - being used to communicate something to the
SMM code).   If there is some race in when Linux's port 80 writes happen
that happen to change the meaning of a request to the hardware or to
SMM, then we could be rarely stepping on





[-- Attachment #2: DSDT.dsl --]
[-- Type: text/x-dsl, Size: 280554 bytes --]

/*
 * Intel ACPI Component Architecture
 * AML Disassembler version 20061109
 *
 * Disassembly of DSDT.dat, Wed Nov 21 17:02:51 2007
 *
 *
 * Original Table Header:
 *     Signature        "DSDT"
 *     Length           0x00008FB0 (36784)
 *     Revision         0x01
 *     OEM ID           "HP    "
 *     OEM Table ID     "MCP51M"
 *     OEM Revision     0x06040000 (100925440)
 *     Creator ID       "MSFT"
 *     Creator Revision 0x03000000 (50331648)
 */
DefinitionBlock ("DSDT.aml", "DSDT", 1, "HP    ", "MCP51M", 0x06040000)
{
    External (\_PR_.CPU0._PPC)

    Name (\_S0, Package (0x04)
    {
        0x00, 
        0x00, 
        0x00, 
        0x00
    })
    Name (\_S3, Package (0x04)
    {
        0x05, 
        0x05, 
        0x00, 
        0x00
    })
    Name (\_S4, Package (0x04)
    {
        0x06, 
        0x06, 
        0x00, 
        0x00
    })
    Name (\_S5, Package (0x04)
    {
        0x07, 
        0x07, 
        0x00, 
        0x00
    })
    Name (SX, 0x00)
    Method (\_PTS, 1, NotSerialized)
    {
        Store (Arg0, DBUG)
        If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x03))
        {
            Store (0x04, GP23)
            Store (0x04, GP24)
        }

        If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x04))
        {
            Store (0x04, GP23)
            Store (0x04, GP24)
            If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
            {
                Or (PSMI, 0x01, PSMI)
            }
            Else
            {
                And (PSMI, 0xFE, PSMI)
            }
        }

        If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x05))
        {
            Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
            Store (0x8F, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
            Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local0)
            Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
        }

        If (LGreater (Arg0, 0x01))
        {
            Store (Zero, LDTC)
            Store (0x04, Z000)
            Store (0x04, Z001)
            Store (0x04, Z002)
        }
    }

    Method (\_WAK, 1, NotSerialized)
    {
        Store (Arg0, DBUG)
        If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x03))
        {
            Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
            Store (0x84, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
            Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local0)
            Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
            And (GP23, 0x0F, GP26)
            If (LEqual (GP26, 0x05))
            {
                Store (0x01, GP26)
            }
            Else
            {
                Store (0x00, GP26)
            }

            And (GP24, 0x0F, GP25)
            If (LEqual (GP25, 0x05))
            {
                Store (0x01, GP25)
            }
            Else
            {
                Store (0x00, GP25)
            }

            Notify (\_SB.PWRB, 0x02)
            Z003 ()
        }

        If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x04))
        {
            Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
            Store (0x85, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
            Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local0)
            Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
            And (GP23, 0x0F, GP26)
            If (LEqual (GP26, 0x05))
            {
                Store (0x01, GP26)
            }
            Else
            {
                Store (0x00, GP26)
            }

            And (GP24, 0x0F, GP25)
            If (LEqual (GP25, 0x05))
            {
                Store (0x01, GP25)
            }
            Else
            {
                Store (0x00, GP25)
            }

            Store (Zero, S4FL)
            Store (Zero, S4RT)
            Notify (\_SB.PWRB, 0x02)
            Z003 ()
        }
    }

    Method (Z003, 0, NotSerialized)
    {
        If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x04))
        {
            Notify (\_SB.QBTN, 0x02)
        }

        If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x05))
        {
            Notify (\_SB.DBTN, 0x02)
        }

        If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x03))
        {
            Notify (\_SB.MUBN, 0x02)
        }

        If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x06))
        {
            Notify (\_SB.PIBN, 0x02)
        }

        If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x10))
        {
            Notify (\_SB.WEBN, 0x02)
        }

        If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x11))
        {
            Notify (\_SB.LVBN, 0x02)
        }

        If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x12))
        {
            Notify (\_SB.VOBN, 0x02)
        }

        Store (0x00, HOTB)
    }

    Scope (\_PR)
    {
        Processor (CPU0, 0x00, 0x00001010, 0x06) {}
        Processor (CPU1, 0x01, 0x00001010, 0x06) {}
    }

    Scope (\_SI)
    {
        Method (_SST, 1, NotSerialized)
        {
            Store ("==== SST Working ====", Debug)
        }

        Method (_MSG, 1, NotSerialized)
        {
        }
    }

    Scope (\_GPE)
    {
        Method (_L14, 0, NotSerialized)
        {
            If (PEWS)
            {
                Store (0x01, PEWS)
            }

            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.XVR1, 0x00)
            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.XVR2, 0x01)
        }

        Method (_L0B, 0, NotSerialized)
        {
            Store (0x0B, DBUG)
            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.MAC0, 0x02)
        }
    }

    Scope (\_SB)
    {
        Device (MCFG)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C02"))
            Name (_CRS, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                DWordMemory (ResourceConsumer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, NonCacheable, ReadWrite,
                    0x00000000,         // Granularity
                    0xE0000000,         // Range Minimum
                    0xEFFFFFFF,         // Range Maximum
                    0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                    0x10000000,         // Length
                    ,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
            })
        }

        Device (PWRB)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0C"))
            Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Return (0x0B)
            }
        }

        Device (SLPB)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0E"))
        }

        Device (ACAD)
        {
            Name (_HID, "ACPI0003")
            Name (_PCL, Package (0x01)
            {
                \_SB
            })
            Method (_PSR, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (ECON)
                {
                    Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.ACIN, Local0)
                    Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                    If (RBRF)
                    {
                        \_SB.PCI0.EC0.RSBR ()
                        Store (0x00, RBRF)
                    }

                    If (Local0)
                    {
                        Return (0x01)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x00)
                    }
                }
                Else
                {
                    Return (0x01)
                }
            }
        }

        Method (VTOB, 1, NotSerialized)
        {
            Store (0x01, Local0)
            ShiftLeft (Local0, Arg0, Local0)
            Return (Local0)
        }

        Method (BTOV, 1, NotSerialized)
        {
            ShiftRight (Arg0, 0x01, Local0)
            Store (0x00, Local1)
            While (Local0)
            {
                Increment (Local1)
                ShiftRight (Local0, 0x01, Local0)
            }

            Return (Local1)
        }

        Method (MKWD, 2, NotSerialized)
        {
            If (And (Arg1, 0x80))
            {
                Store (0xFFFF0000, Local0)
            }
            Else
            {
                Store (Zero, Local0)
            }

            Or (Local0, Arg0, Local0)
            Or (Local0, ShiftLeft (Arg1, 0x08), Local0)
            Return (Local0)
        }

        Method (POSW, 1, NotSerialized)
        {
            If (And (Arg0, 0x8000))
            {
                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0xFFFF))
                {
                    Return (0xFFFFFFFF)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Not (Arg0, Local0)
                    Increment (Local0)
                    And (Local0, 0xFFFF, Local0)
                    Return (Local0)
                }
            }
            Else
            {
                Return (Arg0)
            }
        }

        Method (GBFE, 3, NotSerialized)
        {
            CreateByteField (Arg0, Arg1, TIDX)
            Store (TIDX, Arg2)
        }

        Method (PBFE, 3, NotSerialized)
        {
            CreateByteField (Arg0, Arg1, TIDX)
            Store (Arg2, TIDX)
        }

        Method (ITOS, 1, NotSerialized)
        {
            Store (Buffer (0x05)
                {
                    0x20, 0x20, 0x20, 0x20, 0x20
                }, Local0)
            Store (Buffer (0x11)
                {
                    "0123456789ABCDEF"
                }, Local7)
            Store (0x05, Local1)
            Store (0x00, Local2)
            Store (0x00, Local3)
            While (Local1)
            {
                Decrement (Local1)
                And (ShiftRight (Arg0, ShiftLeft (Local1, 0x02)), 0x0F, Local4)
                GBFE (Local7, Local4, RefOf (Local5))
                PBFE (Local0, Local2, Local5)
                Increment (Local2)
            }

            Return (Local0)
        }

        Device (BAT0)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0A"))
            Name (_PCL, Package (0x01)
            {
                \_SB
            })
            Name (PBIF, Package (0x0D)
            {
                0x01, 
                0xFFFFFFFF, 
                0xFFFFFFFF, 
                0x01, 
                0xFFFFFFFF, 
                0xFA, 
                0x96, 
                0x0A, 
                0x19, 
                "BAT1", 
                " ", 
                " ", 
                " "
            })
            Name (PBST, Package (0x04)
            {
                0x00, 
                0xFFFFFFFF, 
                0xFFFFFFFF, 
                0x2710
            })
            Name (BAST, 0x00)
            Name (B1ST, 0x0F)
            Name (B1WT, 0x00)
            Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (ECON)
                {
                    If (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MBTS)
                    {
                        Store (0x1F, B1ST)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (0x0F, B1ST)
                    }
                }
                Else
                {
                    Store (0x0F, B1ST)
                }

                Return (B1ST)
            }

            Method (_BIF, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (B1ST, 0x1F))
                {
                    UPBI ()
                }
                Else
                {
                    IVBI ()
                }

                Return (PBIF)
            }

            Method (_BST, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (B1ST, 0x1F))
                {
                    UPBS ()
                }
                Else
                {
                    IVBS ()
                }

                Return (PBST)
            }

            Method (UPBI, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                If (LNot (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x10, RefOf (Local5))))
                {
                    If (LAnd (Local5, LNot (And (Local5, 0x8000))))
                    {
                        ShiftRight (Local5, 0x05, Local5)
                        ShiftLeft (Local5, 0x05, Local5)
                        Store (Local5, Index (PBIF, 0x02))
                        Divide (Local5, 0x64, , Local2)
                        Add (Local2, 0x01, Local2)
                        Multiply (Local2, 0x05, Local4)
                        Add (Local4, 0x02, Index (PBIF, 0x05))
                        Multiply (Local2, 0x03, Local4)
                        Add (Local4, 0x02, Index (PBIF, 0x06))
                    }
                }

                Store (0x1770, Index (PBIF, 0x01))
                Store (0x39D0, Index (PBIF, 0x04))
                Store ("Primary", Index (PBIF, 0x09))
                Store ("LION", Index (PBIF, 0x0B))
                Store ("Hewlett-Packard", Index (PBIF, 0x0C))
                Store (0x01, Index (PBIF, 0x00))
                Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
            }

            Method (UPUM, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store (Buffer (0x0B)
                    {
                        /* 0000 */    0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00, 
                        /* 0008 */    0x00, 0x00, 0x00
                    }, Local0)
                Store (Buffer (0x05)
                    {
                        0x36, 0x35, 0x35, 0x33, 0x35
                    }, Local6)
                Store (Buffer (0x05)
                    {
                        0x31, 0x32, 0x33, 0x32, 0x31
                    }, Local7)
                If (LNot (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x1B, RefOf (Local5))))
                {
                    Divide (Local5, 0x0200, , Local1)
                    Subtract (Local5, Multiply (Local1, 0x0200, Local2), Local5)
                    Multiply (Subtract (Local1, 0x0A, Local1), 0x03E8, Local1)
                    Divide (Local5, 0x20, , Local2)
                    Subtract (Local5, Multiply (Local2, 0x20, Local3), Local3)
                    Add (Multiply (Decrement (Local2), 0x1E, Local5), Local3, Local5)
                    Add (Local1, Local5, Local5)
                    Store (ITOS (ToBCD (Local5)), Local7)
                }

                If (LNot (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x1C, RefOf (Local5))))
                {
                    Store (ITOS (ToBCD (Local5)), Local6)
                }

                Store (0x05, Local1)
                Store (0x00, Local2)
                Store (0x00, Local3)
                While (Local1)
                {
                    Decrement (Local1)
                    GBFE (Local6, Local2, RefOf (Local5))
                    PBFE (Local0, Local3, Local5)
                    Increment (Local2)
                    Increment (Local3)
                }

                Increment (Local3)
                Store (0x00, Local2)
                Store (0x05, Local1)
                While (Local1)
                {
                    Decrement (Local1)
                    GBFE (Local7, Local2, RefOf (Local5))
                    PBFE (Local0, Local3, Local5)
                    Increment (Local2)
                    Increment (Local3)
                }

                Store (Local0, Index (PBIF, 0x0A))
                Store ("Hewlett-Packard", Index (PBIF, 0x0C))
            }

            Method (UPBS, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MBRM, Local5)
                If (LNot (And (Local5, 0x8000)))
                {
                    ShiftRight (Local5, 0x05, Local5)
                    ShiftLeft (Local5, 0x05, Local5)
                    If (LNotEqual (Local5, DerefOf (Index (PBST, 0x02))))
                    {
                        Store (Local5, Index (PBST, 0x02))
                    }
                }

                Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MBCV, Index (PBST, 0x03))
                Sleep (0xFA)
                Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MBST, Local0)
                Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                Store (Local0, Index (PBST, 0x00))
            }

            Method (IVBI, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store (0xFFFFFFFF, Index (PBIF, 0x01))
                Store (0xFFFFFFFF, Index (PBIF, 0x02))
                Store (0xFFFFFFFF, Index (PBIF, 0x04))
                Store ("Bad", Index (PBIF, 0x09))
                Store ("      ", Index (PBIF, 0x0A))
                Store ("Bad", Index (PBIF, 0x0B))
                Store ("Bad", Index (PBIF, 0x0C))
            }

            Method (IVBS, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store (0x00, Index (PBST, 0x00))
                Store (0xFFFFFFFF, Index (PBST, 0x01))
                Store (0xFFFFFFFF, Index (PBST, 0x02))
                Store (0x2710, Index (PBST, 0x03))
            }
        }

        Device (LID)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0D"))
            Method (_LID, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (ECON)
                {
                    Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.LIDS, Local0)
                    Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                    If (Local0)
                    {
                        Return (0x00)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x01)
                    }
                }
                Else
                {
                    Return (0x01)
                }
            }
        }

        Device (MEM0)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C01"))
            Method (_CRS, 0, Serialized)
            {
                Name (MEMR, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    Memory32Fixed (ReadOnly,
                        0xFFC00000,         // Address Base
                        0x00400000,         // Address Length
                        )
                    Memory32Fixed (ReadWrite,
                        0xFEC00000,         // Address Base
                        0x00001000,         // Address Length
                        )
                    Memory32Fixed (ReadWrite,
                        0xFEE00000,         // Address Base
                        0x00100000,         // Address Length
                        )
                    Memory32Fixed (ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Address Base
                        0x00000000,         // Address Length
                        _Y00)
                })
                CreateDWordField (MEMR, \_SB.MEM0._CRS._Y00._BAS, MBAS)
                CreateDWordField (MEMR, \_SB.MEM0._CRS._Y00._LEN, MBLE)
                If (\_SB.PCI0.LPC0.MTBA)
                {
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.LPC0.MTBA, MBAS)
                    Store (0x1000, MBLE)
                }

                Return (MEMR)
            }
        }

        Device (QLBD)
        {
            Name (_HID, "HPQ0006")
            Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Return (0x0F)
            }
        }

        Device (WMID)
        {
            Name (Z004, Package (0x0E)
            {
                0x04, 
                0x04, 
                0x04, 
                0x00, 
                0x04, 
                0x04, 
                0x00, 
                0x00, 
                0x04, 
                0x04, 
                0x0C, 
                0x00, 
                0x00, 
                0x00
            })
            Method (Z005, 2, NotSerialized)
            {
                CreateDWordField (Arg1, 0x00, Z006)
                CreateDWordField (Arg1, 0x04, Z007)
                CreateDWordField (Arg1, 0x08, Z008)
                CreateDWordField (Arg1, 0x0C, Z009)
                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x01))
                {
                    Store (0x00, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x02))
                {
                    Store (0x04, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x03))
                {
                    Store (0x80, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x04))
                {
                    Store (0x0400, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x05))
                {
                    Store (0x1000, Local0)
                }

                Store (Buffer (Add (0x08, Local0)) {}, Local1)
                CreateDWordField (Local1, 0x00, Z00A)
                CreateDWordField (Local1, 0x04, Z00B)
                Store (0x4C494146, Z00A)
                Store (0x02, Z00B)
                If (LEqual (Z006, 0x55434553))
                {
                    Store (0x03, Z00B)
                    If (LEqual (Z007, 0x01))
                    {
                        Store (0x04, Z00B)
                        If (LEqual (Z008, 0x05))
                        {
                            Store (^Z00C (), Local2)
                            Store (0x00, Z00B)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Z008, 0x0E))
                        {
                            Store (^Z00D (), Local2)
                            Store (0x00, Z00B)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Z008, 0x07))
                        {
                            If (Z009)
                            {
                                Store (DerefOf (Index (Arg1, 0x10)), Local3)
                                Store (^Z00E (Local3), Local2)
                                Store (0x00, Z00B)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Store (0x05, Z00B)
                            }
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Z008, 0x01))
                        {
                            Store (^Z00F (), Local2)
                            Store (0x00, Z00B)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Z008, 0x08))
                        {
                            Store (^Z00G (), Local2)
                            Store (0x00, Z00B)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Z008, 0x09))
                        {
                            Store (^Z00H (), Local2)
                            Store (0x00, Z00B)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Z008, 0x0A))
                        {
                            Store (^Z00I (), Local2)
                            Store (0x00, Z00B)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Z008, 0x0C))
                        {
                            Store (^Z00J (), Local2)
                            Store (0x00, Z00B)
                        }
                    }

                    If (LEqual (Z007, 0x02))
                    {
                        Store (0x04, Z00B)
                        If (LAnd (LGreater (Z008, 0x00), LLessEqual (Z008, 0x0C)))
                        {
                            If (LLess (Z009, DerefOf (Index (Z004, Subtract (Z008, 0x01)
                                ))))
                            {
                                Store (0x05, Z00B)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                CreateDWordField (Arg1, 0x10, Z00K)
                                If (LEqual (Z008, 0x05))
                                {
                                    Store (^Z00L (Z00K), Local2)
                                    Store (0x00, Z00B)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (Z008, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (^Z00M (Z00K), Local2)
                                    Store (0x00, Z00B)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (Z008, 0x09))
                                {
                                    Store (^Z00N (Z00K), Local2)
                                    Store (0x00, Z00B)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (Z008, 0x0A))
                                {
                                    Store (^Z00O (Z00K), Local2)
                                    Store (0x00, Z00B)
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }

                If (LEqual (Z00B, 0x00))
                {
                    Store (DerefOf (Index (Local2, 0x00)), Z00B)
                    If (LEqual (Z00B, 0x00))
                    {
                        If (LLessEqual (DerefOf (Index (Local2, 0x01)), Local0))
                        {
                            Store (0x00, Local0)
                            While (LLess (Local0, DerefOf (Index (Local2, 0x01))))
                            {
                                Store (DerefOf (Index (DerefOf (Index (Local2, 0x02)), Local0)), 
                                    Index (Local1, Add (Local0, 0x08)))
                                Increment (Local0)
                            }

                            Store (0x53534150, Z00A)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Store (0x05, Z00B)
                        }
                    }
                }

                Return (Local1)
            }

            Name (_HID, "PNP0C14")
            Name (_UID, 0x00)
            Name (Z00P, 0x00)
            Name (Z00Q, 0x00)
            Name (BUFF, Buffer (0x04)
            {
                0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
            })
            CreateByteField (BUFF, 0x00, OB0)
            CreateByteField (BUFF, 0x01, OB1)
            CreateByteField (BUFF, 0x02, OB2)
            CreateByteField (BUFF, 0x03, OB3)
            Name (_WDG, Buffer (0x50)
            {
                /* 0000 */    0x34, 0xF0, 0xB7, 0x5F, 0x63, 0x2C, 0xE9, 0x45, 
                /* 0008 */    0xBE, 0x91, 0x3D, 0x44, 0xE2, 0xC7, 0x07, 0xE4, 
                /* 0010 */    0x41, 0x44, 0x01, 0x02, 0x79, 0x42, 0xF2, 0x95, 
                /* 0018 */    0x7B, 0x4D, 0x34, 0x43, 0x93, 0x87, 0xAC, 0xCD, 
                /* 0020 */    0xC6, 0x7E, 0xF6, 0x1C, 0x80, 0x00, 0x01, 0x08, 
                /* 0028 */    0x21, 0x12, 0x90, 0x05, 0x66, 0xD5, 0xD1, 0x11, 
                /* 0030 */    0xB2, 0xF0, 0x00, 0xA0, 0xC9, 0x06, 0x29, 0x10, 
                /* 0038 */    0x41, 0x45, 0x01, 0x00, 0xD4, 0x2B, 0x99, 0xD0, 
                /* 0040 */    0x7C, 0xA4, 0xFE, 0x4E, 0xB0, 0x72, 0x32, 0x4A, 
                /* 0048 */    0xEC, 0x92, 0x29, 0x6C, 0x42, 0x43, 0x01, 0x00
            })
            Method (WQBC, 1, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI WQBC)", Debug)
                Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                Store (0x88, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local0)
                Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                Store (Local0, CADL)
                If (ECON)
                {
                    Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                    If (LEqual (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.LIDS, 0x01))
                    {
                        And (Local0, 0xFE, Local0)
                    }

                    Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                }

                Return (Local0)
            }

            Method (WSBC, 2, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI WSBC)", Debug)
                CreateByteField (Arg1, 0x00, ADA0)
                Store (ADA0, Local0)
                If (LOr (LEqual (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.SWIT, 0x00), LEqual (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA.SWIT, 0x00)))
                {
                    Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                    Store (0x87, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local1)
                    Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                    If (LEqual (Local0, Local1))
                    {
                        Return (0x02)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (0x00, NSTE)
                        If (LEqual (Local0, 0x01))
                        {
                            Store ("LCD", Debug)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Local0, 0x02))
                        {
                            Store ("CRT", Debug)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Local0, 0x03))
                        {
                            Store ("Both", Debug)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Local0, 0x04))
                        {
                            Store ("TV", Debug)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Local0, 0x05))
                        {
                            Store ("TV+LCD", Debug)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Local0, 0x06))
                        {
                            Store ("TV+CRT", Debug)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Local0, 0x08))
                        {
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Local0, 0x09))
                        {
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                            Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                            Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                        }

                        Store (CADL, PADL)
                        If (LGreaterEqual (OSYS, 0x07D1))
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0, 0x00)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            If (VGAT)
                            {
                                Notify (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA, 0x00)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Notify (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA, 0x00)
                            }
                        }

                        Sleep (0x02EE)
                        If (VGAT)
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA, 0x80)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA, 0x80)
                        }

                        Return (0x00)
                    }
                }
                Else
                {
                    Return (0x01)
                }
            }

            Method (WMAD, 3, NotSerialized)
            {
                Return (Z005 (Arg1, Arg2))
            }

            Method (Z00C, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI Command 0x5 (BIOS Read)", Debug)
                Store (0x01, WIRE)
                And (BTWL, 0x03, Local0)
                Or (Local0, 0x20, OB0)
                Store (WWLS, Local1)
                ShiftLeft (Local1, 0x01, Local1)
                Store (BWLS, Local2)
                ShiftLeft (Local2, 0x01, Local2)
                Store (BTLS, Local3)
                ShiftLeft (Local3, 0x03, Local3)
                Or (Local1, Local3, Local1)
                Or (Local2, Local3, Local2)
                And (GP24, 0x0F, GP25)
                If (LEqual (GP25, 0x05))
                {
                    Store (0x01, GP25)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Store (0x00, GP25)
                }

                And (GP23, 0x0F, GP26)
                If (LEqual (GP26, 0x05))
                {
                    Store (0x01, GP26)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Store (0x00, GP26)
                }

                If (GP26)
                {
                    If (LNot (WWLS))
                    {
                        Store (0x00, GP26)
                        Store (0x04, GP23)
                    }

                    If (LNot (BTLS))
                    {
                        Store (0x00, GP26)
                        Store (0x04, GP23)
                    }
                }

                If (GP25)
                {
                    If (LNot (BWLS))
                    {
                        Store (0x00, GP25)
                        Store (0x04, GP24)
                    }

                    If (LNot (BTLS))
                    {
                        Store (0x00, GP25)
                        Store (0x04, GP24)
                    }
                }

                Or (GP26, Local1, Local1)
                Or (GP25, Local2, Local2)
                Store (0x00, OB2)
                Store (0x00, OB1)
                If (WLSU)
                {
                    Or (Local1, 0x04, Local1)
                }

                If (BTSU)
                {
                    Or (Local2, 0x04, Local2)
                }

                If (GP26)
                {
                    Or (Local1, 0x10, Local1)
                }
                Else
                {
                    And (Local1, 0xEF, Local1)
                }

                If (And (BTWL, 0x01))
                {
                    Store (Local1, OB1)
                }

                If (And (BTWL, 0x02))
                {
                    Store (Local2, OB2)
                }

                Store (0x00, OB3)
                Store (Package (0x03)
                    {
                        0x00, 
                        0x04, 
                        Buffer (0x04)
                        {
                            0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x04
                        }
                    }, Local0)
                Store (OB0, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                Store (OB1, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                Store (OB2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x02))
                Store (OB3, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x03))
                Return (Local0)
            }

            Method (Z00L, 1, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI Command 0x5 (BIOS Write)", Debug)
                And (GP24, 0x0F, GP25)
                If (LEqual (GP25, 0x05))
                {
                    Store (0x01, GP25)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Store (0x00, GP25)
                }

                And (GP23, 0x0F, GP26)
                If (LEqual (GP26, 0x05))
                {
                    Store (0x01, GP26)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Store (0x00, GP26)
                }

                If (And (BTWL, 0x03))
                {
                    If (And (Arg0, 0x0800))
                    {
                        If (And (Arg0, 0x08))
                        {
                            Store (0x01, WWLS)
                            Store (0x01, BWLS)
                            If (WLSU)
                            {
                                If (BTLS)
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, GP26)
                                    Store (0x05, GP23)
                                }
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Store (0x00, GP26)
                                Store (0x04, GP23)
                            }

                            If (BTSU)
                            {
                                If (BTLS)
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, GP25)
                                    Store (0x05, GP24)
                                }
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Store (0x00, GP25)
                                Store (0x04, GP24)
                            }
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Store (0x00, WWLS)
                            Store (0x00, GP26)
                            Store (0x04, GP23)
                            Store (0x00, BWLS)
                            Store (0x00, GP25)
                            Store (0x04, GP24)
                        }
                    }

                    If (And (Arg0, 0x0100))
                    {
                        If (And (Arg0, 0x01))
                        {
                            Store (0x01, WWLS)
                            If (WLSU)
                            {
                                If (BTLS)
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, GP26)
                                    Store (0x05, GP23)
                                }
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Store (0x00, GP26)
                                Store (0x04, GP23)
                            }
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Store (0x00, WWLS)
                            Store (0x00, GP26)
                            Store (0x04, GP23)
                        }
                    }

                    If (And (Arg0, 0x0200))
                    {
                        If (And (Arg0, 0x02))
                        {
                            Store (0x01, BWLS)
                            If (BTSU)
                            {
                                If (BTLS)
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, GP25)
                                    Store (0x05, GP24)
                                }
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Store (0x00, GP25)
                                Store (0x04, GP24)
                            }
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Store (0x00, BWLS)
                            Store (0x00, GP25)
                            Store (0x04, GP24)
                        }
                    }

                    Return (Package (0x02)
                    {
                        0x00, 
                        0x00
                    })
                }
                Else
                {
                    Return (Package (0x02)
                    {
                        0x0D, 
                        0x00
                    })
                }
            }

            Method (Z00D, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI Command 0xE (BIOS Read)", Debug)
                Store (0x00, Local0)
                Store (Buffer (0x0A)
                    {
                        /* 0000 */    0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 
                        /* 0008 */    0x00, 0x00
                    }, Local2)
                Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                Store (0x00, \_SB.PCI0.SMIS)
                Store (0x89, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, WLID)
                Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                If (LNotEqual (WLID, 0xFF))
                {
                    Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                    Store (0x02, \_SB.PCI0.SMIS)
                    Store (0x89, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Index (Local2, 0x02))
                    Store (0x03, \_SB.PCI0.SMIS)
                    Store (0x89, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Index (Local2, 0x03))
                    Store (0x04, \_SB.PCI0.SMIS)
                    Store (0x89, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Index (Local2, 0x04))
                    Store (0x05, \_SB.PCI0.SMIS)
                    Store (0x89, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Index (Local2, 0x05))
                    Store (0x06, \_SB.PCI0.SMIS)
                    Store (0x89, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Index (Local2, 0x06))
                    Store (0x07, \_SB.PCI0.SMIS)
                    Store (0x89, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Index (Local2, 0x07))
                    Store (0x08, \_SB.PCI0.SMIS)
                    Store (0x89, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Index (Local2, 0x08))
                    Store (0x09, \_SB.PCI0.SMIS)
                    Store (0x89, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Index (Local2, 0x09))
                    Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                    Store (Local2, Local1)
                    Add (Local0, 0x0A, Local0)
                }

                Store (Package (0x03) {}, Local2)
                Store (0x00, Index (Local2, 0x00))
                Store (Local0, Index (Local2, 0x01))
                Store (Local1, Index (Local2, 0x02))
                Return (Local2)
            }

            Method (Z00E, 1, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI Command 0x7 (BIOS Read)", Debug)
                Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                If (LNot (ECON))
                {
                    Store (Package (0x02)
                        {
                            0x0D, 
                            0x00
                        }, Local0)
                    Sleep (0x96)
                    Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                    Return (Local0)
                }

                If (Arg0)
                {
                    Store (Package (0x02)
                        {
                            0x06, 
                            0x00
                        }, Local0)
                    Sleep (0x96)
                    Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                    Return (Local0)
                }

                If (LNot (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MBTS))
                {
                    Store (Package (0x02)
                        {
                            0x06, 
                            0x00
                        }, Local0)
                    Sleep (0x96)
                    Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                    Return (Local0)
                }

                Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                Store (Package (0x03)
                    {
                        0x00, 
                        0x80, 
                        Buffer (0x80) {}
                    }, Local0)
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x18, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x01))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x10, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x03))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x02))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x0F, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x05))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x04))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x0C, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x07))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x06))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x17, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x09))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x08))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x08, RefOf (Local1))
                Subtract (Local1, 0x0AAA, Local1)
                Divide (Local1, 0x0A, Local2, Local1)
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x0B))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x0A))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x09, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x0D))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x0C))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x0A, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x0F))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x0E))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x19, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x11))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x10))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x16, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x13))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x12))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x3F, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x15))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x14))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x3E, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x17))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x16))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x3D, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x19))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x18))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x3C, RefOf (Local1))
                Divide (Local1, 0x0100, Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 
                    0x1B))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x1A))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x1C, RefOf (Local1))
                Store (ITOS (ToBCD (Local1)), Local3)
                Store (0x1C, Local2)
                Store (0x00, Local4)
                Store (SizeOf (Local3), Local1)
                While (Local1)
                {
                    GBFE (Local3, Local4, RefOf (Local5))
                    PBFE (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), Local2, Local5)
                    Decrement (Local1)
                    Increment (Local2)
                    Increment (Local4)
                }

                Store (0x20, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), Local2))
                Increment (Local2)
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x09, 0x16, 0x1B, RefOf (Local1))
                And (Local1, 0x1F, Local7)
                Store (ITOS (ToBCD (Local7)), Local6)
                And (Local1, 0x01E0, Local7)
                ShiftRight (Local7, 0x05, Local7)
                Store (ITOS (ToBCD (Local7)), Local5)
                ShiftRight (Local1, 0x09, Local7)
                Add (Local7, 0x07BC, Local7)
                Store (ITOS (ToBCD (Local7)), Local4)
                Store (0x02, Local1)
                Store (0x03, Local7)
                While (Local1)
                {
                    GBFE (Local5, Local7, RefOf (Local3))
                    PBFE (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), Local2, Local3)
                    Decrement (Local1)
                    Increment (Local2)
                    Increment (Local7)
                }

                Store ("/", Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), Local2))
                Increment (Local2)
                Store (0x02, Local1)
                Store (0x03, Local7)
                While (Local1)
                {
                    GBFE (Local6, Local7, RefOf (Local3))
                    PBFE (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), Local2, Local3)
                    Decrement (Local1)
                    Increment (Local2)
                    Increment (Local7)
                }

                Store ("/", Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), Local2))
                Increment (Local2)
                Store (0x04, Local1)
                Store (0x01, Local7)
                While (Local1)
                {
                    GBFE (Local4, Local7, RefOf (Local3))
                    PBFE (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), Local2, Local3)
                    Decrement (Local1)
                    Increment (Local2)
                    Increment (Local7)
                }

                Store (0x00, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), Local2))
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.SMRD (0x0B, 0x16, 0x20, RefOf (Local1))
                Store (SizeOf (Local1), Local3)
                Store (0x2C, Local2)
                Store (0x00, Local4)
                While (Local3)
                {
                    GBFE (Local1, Local4, RefOf (Local5))
                    PBFE (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), Local2, Local5)
                    Decrement (Local3)
                    Increment (Local2)
                    Increment (Local4)
                }

                Store (0x00, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), Local2))
                Sleep (0x96)
                Return (Local0)
            }

            Method (Z00F, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI Command 0x1 (BIOS Read)", Debug)
                Store (WQBC (0x00), OB0)
                Or (OB0, 0x01, OB0)
                Store (0x00, OB1)
                Store (0x00, OB2)
                Store (0x00, OB3)
                Store (Package (0x03)
                    {
                        0x00, 
                        0x04, 
                        Buffer (0x04)
                        {
                            0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x04
                        }
                    }, Local0)
                Store (OB0, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                Store (OB1, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                Store (OB2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x02))
                Store (OB3, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x03))
                Return (Local0)
            }

            Method (Z00M, 1, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI Command 0x1 (BIOS Write)", Debug)
                And (Arg0, 0x0F, Local0)
                If (VGAT)
                {
                    If (LEqual (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.SWIT, 0x00))
                    {
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (0x87, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                        Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local1)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                        If (LEqual (Local0, Local1))
                        {
                            Return (Package (0x02)
                            {
                                0x00, 
                                0x00
                            })
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Store (0x00, NSTE)
                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x01))
                            {
                                Store ("LCD", Debug)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x02))
                            {
                                Store ("CRT", Debug)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x03))
                            {
                                Store ("Both", Debug)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x04))
                            {
                                Store ("TV", Debug)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x05))
                            {
                                Store ("TV+LCD", Debug)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x06))
                            {
                                Store ("TV+CRT", Debug)
                                Return (Package (0x02)
                                {
                                    0x06, 
                                    0x00
                                })
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x07))
                            {
                                Store ("TV+CRT+LCD", Debug)
                                Return (Package (0x02)
                                {
                                    0x06, 
                                    0x00
                                })
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x08))
                            {
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x09))
                            {
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LGreaterEqual (Local0, 0x0A))
                            {
                                Return (Package (0x02)
                                {
                                    0x06, 
                                    0x00
                                })
                            }

                            Store (CADL, PADL)
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA, 0x80)
                            Return (Package (0x02)
                            {
                                0x00, 
                                0x00
                            })
                        }
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (Package (0x02)
                        {
                            0x00, 
                            0x00
                        })
                    }
                }
                Else
                {
                    If (LEqual (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA.SWIT, 0x00))
                    {
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (0x87, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                        Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local1)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                        If (LEqual (Local0, Local1))
                        {
                            Return (Package (0x02)
                            {
                                0x00, 
                                0x00
                            })
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Store (0x00, NSTE)
                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x01))
                            {
                                Store ("LCD", Debug)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x02))
                            {
                                Store ("CRT", Debug)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x03))
                            {
                                Store ("Both", Debug)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x04))
                            {
                                Store ("TV", Debug)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x05))
                            {
                                Store ("TV+LCD", Debug)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x06))
                            {
                                Store ("TV+CRT", Debug)
                                Return (Package (0x02)
                                {
                                    0x06, 
                                    0x00
                                })
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x07))
                            {
                                Store ("TV+CRT+LCD", Debug)
                                Return (Package (0x02)
                                {
                                    0x06, 
                                    0x00
                                })
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x08))
                            {
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x09))
                            {
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LGreaterEqual (Local0, 0x0A))
                            {
                                Return (Package (0x02)
                                {
                                    0x06, 
                                    0x00
                                })
                            }

                            Store (CADL, PADL)
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA, 0x80)
                            Return (Package (0x02)
                            {
                                0x00, 
                                0x00
                            })
                        }
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (Package (0x02)
                        {
                            0x00, 
                            0x00
                        })
                    }
                }
            }

            Method (Z00G, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI Command 0x8 (BIOS Read)", Debug)
                Store (Package (0x03)
                    {
                        0x00, 
                        0x80, 
                        Buffer (0x80)
                        {
                            /* 0000 */    0x31, 0x01, 0x9B, 0x01, 0xFF, 0x01, 0x63, 0x02, 
                            /* 0008 */    0xAE, 0x01, 0x64, 0x02, 0x9D, 0x01, 0xB6, 0x01, 
                            /* 0010 */    0xB7, 0x01, 0x65, 0x02, 0x66, 0x02, 0x67, 0x02, 
                            /* 0018 */    0x68, 0x02, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xE4, 0x20, 0xE6, 0x20, 
                            /* 0020 */    0x42, 0x21, 0x70, 0x21, 0x00, 0x00
                        }
                    }, Local0)
                Return (Local0)
            }

            Method (Z00H, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI Command 0x9 (BIOS Read)", Debug)
                Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                Store (Package (0x03)
                    {
                        0x00, 
                        0x04, 
                        Buffer (0x04) {}
                    }, Local0)
                Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.Z00R (), Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                Return (Local0)
            }

            Method (Z00N, 1, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI Command 0x9 (BIOS Write)", Debug)
                Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                \_SB.PCI0.EC0.Z00S (Arg0)
                Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                Return (Package (0x02)
                {
                    0x00, 
                    0x00
                })
            }

            Method (Z00T, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store (Package (0x03)
                    {
                        0x00, 
                        0x04, 
                        Buffer (0x04) {}
                    }, Local0)
                If (ECON)
                {
                    Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.QBHK, Local1)
                    Store (0x00, \_SB.PCI0.EC0.QBHK)
                    Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                }

                If (LEqual (Local1, 0x0D))
                {
                    Store ("Fn+ESC Pressed", Debug)
                    Store (0x31, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                    Store (0x01, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                }

                If (LEqual (Local1, 0x01))
                {
                    Store ("Fn+F1 Pressed", Debug)
                    Store (0x9B, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                    Store (0x01, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                }

                If (LEqual (Local1, 0x04))
                {
                    \_SB.PCI0.EC0._Q0D ()
                    Store (0x00, Local3)
                    Store (0x00, Local4)
                    Store (0x00, Local5)
                    Store (0xAE, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                    Store (0x01, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                    ShiftLeft (And (NSTE, 0x01), 0x01, Local3)
                    ShiftLeft (And (NSTE, 0x02), 0x01, Local4)
                    ShiftRight (And (NSTE, 0x08), 0x03, Local5)
                    Or (Local3, Local4, Local3)
                    Or (Local3, Local5, Local3)
                    Store (CSTE, Local3)
                    Store (Local3, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x02))
                    ShiftLeft (And (CADL, 0x01), 0x01, Local3)
                    ShiftLeft (And (CADL, 0x02), 0x01, Local4)
                    ShiftRight (And (CADL, 0x08), 0x03, Local5)
                    Or (Local3, Local4, Local3)
                    Or (Local3, Local5, Local3)
                    Store (PSTE, Local3)
                    Store (Local3, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x03))
                }

                If (LEqual (Local1, 0x06))
                {
                    Store ("Fn+F6 Pressed", Debug)
                    Store (0x9D, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                    Store (0x01, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                }

                If (LEqual (Local1, 0x07))
                {
                    If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                    {
                        If (LEqual (VGAT, 0x01))
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCD, 0x87)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCD, 0x87)
                        }
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (0x8D, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                    }

                    Sleep (0x32)
                    Store (0xB6, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                    Store (0x01, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                }

                If (LEqual (Local1, 0x08))
                {
                    If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                    {
                        If (LEqual (VGAT, 0x01))
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCD, 0x86)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCD, 0x86)
                        }
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (0x8C, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                    }

                    Sleep (0x32)
                    Store (0xB7, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                    Store (0x01, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                }

                Return (Local0)
            }

            Method (Z00I, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI Command 0xA (BIOS Read)", Debug)
                Return (Z00T ())
            }

            Method (Z00O, 1, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI Command 0xA (BIOS Write)", Debug)
                And (Arg0, 0xFF, Local1)
                And (Arg0, 0xFF00, Local3)
                ShiftRight (Local3, 0x08, Local2)
                Store (Package (0x03)
                    {
                        0x00, 
                        0x04, 
                        Buffer (0x04) {}
                    }, Local0)
                Store (Local1, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                Store (Local2, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x01AE))
                {
                    \_SB.PCI0.EC0._Q0D ()
                    Store (CSTE, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x02))
                    Store (PSTE, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x03))
                }

                Return (Local0)
            }

            Method (Z00J, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store ("HP WMI Command 0xC (BIOS Read)", Debug)
                Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                Store (Package (0x03)
                    {
                        0x00, 
                        0x04, 
                        Buffer (0x04) {}
                    }, Local0)
                If (ECON)
                {
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.QBBB, Local1)
                    Store (0x00, \_SB.PCI0.EC0.QBBB)
                }

                If (LEqual (Local1, 0x03))
                {
                    Store (0xE4, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                    Store (0x20, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                }

                If (LEqual (Local1, 0x04))
                {
                    Store (0x42, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                    Store (0x21, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                }

                If (LEqual (Local1, 0x05))
                {
                    Store (0xE6, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                    Store (0x20, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                }

                If (LEqual (Local1, 0x10))
                {
                    Store (0x70, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x00))
                    Store (0x21, Index (DerefOf (Index (Local0, 0x02)), 0x01))
                }

                Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                Return (Local0)
            }

            Method (_WED, 1, NotSerialized)
            {
                Concatenate (Z00P, Z00Q, Local0)
                Return (Local0)
            }

            Name (WQAE, Buffer (0x08A9)
            {
                /* 0000 */    0x46, 0x4F, 0x4D, 0x42, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 
                /* 0008 */    0x99, 0x08, 0x00, 0x00, 0x8A, 0x3A, 0x00, 0x00, 
                /* 0010 */    0x44, 0x53, 0x00, 0x01, 0x1A, 0x7D, 0xDA, 0x54, 
                /* 0018 */    0x98, 0x4B, 0x9C, 0x00, 0x01, 0x06, 0x18, 0x42, 
                /* 0020 */    0x10, 0x13, 0x10, 0x22, 0x21, 0x04, 0x12, 0x01, 
                /* 0028 */    0xA1, 0xC8, 0x2C, 0x0C, 0x86, 0x10, 0x38, 0x2E, 
                /* 0030 */    0x84, 0x1C, 0x40, 0x88, 0x59, 0x50, 0x08, 0x21, 
                /* 0038 */    0x10, 0xEA, 0x4F, 0x20, 0xBF, 0x02, 0x10, 0x3A, 
                /* 0040 */    0x14, 0x20, 0x53, 0x80, 0x41, 0x01, 0x4E, 0x11, 
                /* 0048 */    0x44, 0xD0, 0xAB, 0x00, 0x9B, 0x02, 0x4C, 0x0A, 
                /* 0050 */    0xB0, 0x28, 0x40, 0xBB, 0x00, 0xCB, 0x02, 0x74, 
                /* 0058 */    0x0B, 0x90, 0x0E, 0x4B, 0x44, 0x82, 0xA3, 0xC4, 
                /* 0060 */    0x80, 0xA3, 0x74, 0x62, 0x0B, 0x37, 0x6C, 0xF0, 
                /* 0068 */    0x42, 0x51, 0x34, 0x83, 0x28, 0x09, 0x2A, 0x17, 
                /* 0070 */    0xE0, 0x1B, 0x41, 0xE0, 0xE5, 0x0A, 0x90, 0x3C, 
                /* 0078 */    0x01, 0x69, 0x16, 0x60, 0x58, 0x80, 0x75, 0x01, 
                /* 0080 */    0xB2, 0x87, 0x40, 0xA5, 0x0E, 0x01, 0x25, 0x67, 
                /* 0088 */    0x08, 0xA8, 0x01, 0xB4, 0x3A, 0x01, 0xE1, 0x57, 
                /* 0090 */    0x3A, 0x25, 0x24, 0x41, 0x38, 0x63, 0x15, 0x8F, 
                /* 0098 */    0xAF, 0x59, 0x34, 0x3D, 0x27, 0x39, 0xC7, 0x90, 
                /* 00A0 */    0xE3, 0x71, 0xA1, 0x07, 0xC1, 0x05, 0x78, 0x18, 
                /* 00A8 */    0x06, 0x1D, 0xB2, 0x22, 0x6B, 0x80, 0xC1, 0x58, 
                /* 00B0 */    0x18, 0x0B, 0x75, 0x31, 0x6A, 0xD4, 0x48, 0xD9, 
                /* 00B8 */    0x80, 0x0C, 0x51, 0x12, 0x1C, 0x6A, 0xD4, 0x96, 
                /* 00C0 */    0x28, 0xC0, 0xFC, 0x38, 0x34, 0xBB, 0xB6, 0xC7, 
                /* 00C8 */    0x42, 0x20, 0x99, 0xB4, 0xA1, 0xA0, 0xA4, 0x40, 
                /* 00D0 */    0x68, 0x6C, 0x67, 0xEA, 0x19, 0x45, 0x3C, 0x52, 
                /* 00D8 */    0xC3, 0x24, 0xF0, 0x28, 0x22, 0x1B, 0x8D, 0x43, 
                /* 00E0 */    0x63, 0x87, 0xE1, 0x61, 0x06, 0x3B, 0x88, 0xC3, 
                /* 00E8 */    0x38, 0xE6, 0xC8, 0x09, 0x3C, 0xA1, 0x23, 0x3D, 
                /* 00F0 */    0xF2, 0xC2, 0xE6, 0x29, 0xD4, 0x18, 0xCD, 0x41, 
                /* 00F8 */    0x11, 0xB8, 0xD0, 0x18, 0x19, 0x10, 0xF2, 0x3C, 
                /* 0100 */    0x7E, 0x8D, 0xC4, 0x04, 0x76, 0x2F, 0xC0, 0x1A, 
                /* 0108 */    0xA6, 0x60, 0x1B, 0x9B, 0x98, 0xFE, 0xFF, 0x10, 
                /* 0110 */    0x47, 0x1E, 0xA3, 0xAD, 0xB9, 0x0B, 0x29, 0x4C, 
                /* 0118 */    0x8C, 0x28, 0xC1, 0xE2, 0x55, 0x3C, 0x0D, 0xA1, 
                /* 0120 */    0x3C, 0x29, 0x84, 0x8A, 0x54, 0x19, 0x8A, 0x86, 
                /* 0128 */    0x1E, 0xA5, 0x42, 0x01, 0xCE, 0xE6, 0x21, 0xDC, 
                /* 0130 */    0x1A, 0x41, 0x85, 0x10, 0x2B, 0x52, 0xAC, 0xF6, 
                /* 0138 */    0x07, 0x41, 0x42, 0x2E, 0x5B, 0xC7, 0x07, 0x47, 
                /* 0140 */    0x1A, 0x0D, 0xEA, 0x50, 0xE0, 0xB1, 0x7B, 0xDC, 
                /* 0148 */    0xCF, 0x02, 0x3E, 0x08, 0x9C, 0x5B, 0x90, 0xA3, 
                /* 0150 */    0x3B, 0x8B, 0x47, 0x85, 0x83, 0xF6, 0xF0, 0xD8, 
                /* 0158 */    0x6D, 0xC0, 0x67, 0x08, 0x9F, 0x02, 0xF0, 0xAE, 
                /* 0160 */    0x01, 0x35, 0xFD, 0x83, 0x67, 0x82, 0xE0, 0x50, 
                /* 0168 */    0x43, 0xF4, 0xA8, 0xC3, 0x9D, 0xC0, 0x21, 0x32, 
                /* 0170 */    0x40, 0x4F, 0xEA, 0xB8, 0xB1, 0x83, 0x3B, 0x99, 
                /* 0178 */    0x83, 0x7E, 0x6F, 0x68, 0xF6, 0xC6, 0x40, 0x08, 
                /* 0180 */    0x8E, 0xC7, 0x97, 0x05, 0x36, 0xE1, 0x04, 0x96, 
                /* 0188 */    0x3F, 0x08, 0xD4, 0xC8, 0x0C, 0xED, 0x51, 0x9E, 
                /* 0190 */    0x56, 0xCC, 0x90, 0xCF, 0x0C, 0x26, 0xB0, 0x58, 
                /* 0198 */    0x08, 0x29, 0x80, 0xD0, 0x78, 0xC0, 0x7F, 0x03, 
                /* 01A0 */    0x78, 0xC0, 0xF0, 0xCD, 0xC0, 0xF3, 0x35, 0xC1, 
                /* 01A8 */    0xB0, 0x10, 0x32, 0xB2, 0x0A, 0x8F, 0x87, 0x8E, 
                /* 01B0 */    0xC2, 0xD7, 0x83, 0xC3, 0x39, 0xAD, 0x78, 0x26, 
                /* 01B8 */    0x18, 0x0E, 0x42, 0x27, 0x09, 0x8B, 0x1A, 0x36, 
                /* 01C0 */    0x3D, 0x39, 0xF0, 0x43, 0x03, 0xBB, 0x19, 0x9C, 
                /* 01C8 */    0xC1, 0x23, 0x80, 0x47, 0x72, 0x42, 0xFE, 0x98, 
                /* 01D0 */    0x78, 0x60, 0xF0, 0x01, 0xF1, 0xDE, 0xA7, 0x4C, 
                /* 01D8 */    0x46, 0x70, 0xA6, 0x06, 0xF4, 0x71, 0xC0, 0xFF, 
                /* 01E0 */    0xFF, 0xA1, 0xF0, 0x21, 0x7A, 0x7C, 0xA7, 0x7C, 
                /* 01E8 */    0xBC, 0x96, 0x00, 0x21, 0x59, 0xE3, 0x84, 0x7E, 
                /* 01F0 */    0x87, 0xF0, 0xF1, 0xC3, 0x47, 0x16, 0x47, 0x84, 
                /* 01F8 */    0x90, 0x93, 0x53, 0x00, 0x1A, 0xF8, 0x74, 0xCF, 
                /* 0200 */    0x2E, 0xC2, 0xE9, 0x7A, 0x52, 0x0E, 0x34, 0x0C, 
                /* 0208 */    0x3A, 0x4E, 0x70, 0x9C, 0x07, 0xC0, 0x31, 0x4E, 
                /* 0210 */    0xF8, 0xE7, 0x02, 0xF8, 0x03, 0xE4, 0xA7, 0x8C, 
                /* 0218 */    0x57, 0x8C, 0x04, 0x8E, 0x39, 0x42, 0xF4, 0xB9, 
                /* 0220 */    0xC6, 0x23, 0xC4, 0xC2, 0x3F, 0x55, 0x14, 0x3E, 
                /* 0228 */    0x10, 0x32, 0x46, 0x70, 0x01, 0x7A, 0x8C, 0xC0, 
                /* 0230 */    0x37, 0xE0, 0x18, 0xD1, 0x47, 0x09, 0xAE, 0xFE, 
                /* 0238 */    0xA0, 0x41, 0x07, 0x88, 0xFB, 0xFF, 0x0F, 0x10, 
                /* 0240 */    0x3E, 0xA8, 0x07, 0x08, 0x7C, 0xA3, 0x1F, 0x3D, 
                /* 0248 */    0xD0, 0xE3, 0xB2, 0xE8, 0xF3, 0x80, 0x8C, 0x9F, 
                /* 0250 */    0x68, 0x34, 0x2F, 0x7E, 0x3A, 0xE0, 0x87, 0x0F, 
                /* 0258 */    0xF0, 0x80, 0x7A, 0x48, 0x38, 0x50, 0xCC, 0xB4, 
                /* 0260 */    0x39, 0xE8, 0xB3, 0xCB, 0xA1, 0x63, 0x87, 0x0B, 
                /* 0268 */    0xFE, 0x13, 0x08, 0xB8, 0xE4, 0x1D, 0xC2, 0x40, 
                /* 0270 */    0x31, 0x62, 0xFC, 0x39, 0xC8, 0xA7, 0x30, 0xF0, 
                /* 0278 */    0xFF, 0xFF, 0x4F, 0x61, 0xB8, 0x11, 0xF0, 0x20, 
                /* 0280 */    0xAF, 0x05, 0x9F, 0xB6, 0xA8, 0x74, 0x18, 0xD4, 
                /* 0288 */    0x81, 0x0B, 0x30, 0x09, 0x1A, 0xE1, 0x59, 0xA2, 
                /* 0290 */    0x36, 0x08, 0x01, 0xBF, 0x4D, 0xBC, 0x6D, 0xF9, 
                /* 0298 */    0x16, 0x10, 0xE7, 0xC8, 0x7B, 0x3B, 0x70, 0x11, 
                /* 02A0 */    0x8C, 0x08, 0xA7, 0x1D, 0xCA, 0x63, 0x88, 0x18, 
                /* 02A8 */    0x23, 0xCA, 0xE3, 0x96, 0x51, 0xDE, 0xB6, 0x5E, 
                /* 02B0 */    0x00, 0xE2, 0x9D, 0xE5, 0xF3, 0x96, 0x31, 0x82, 
                /* 02B8 */    0x47, 0x7E, 0xE0, 0x62, 0x62, 0xDF, 0x13, 0xFA, 
                /* 02C0 */    0xB9, 0xF9, 0xC0, 0x05, 0x38, 0xFB, 0xFF, 0x1F, 
                /* 02C8 */    0xB8, 0x00, 0x0E, 0x05, 0x3D, 0x0C, 0xA1, 0x87, 
                /* 02D0 */    0xE1, 0xA9, 0x9C, 0xCB, 0x13, 0xE5, 0xA9, 0x44, 
                /* 02D8 */    0x8C, 0x1A, 0x26, 0xEA, 0x33, 0x94, 0x2F, 0x1A, 
                /* 02E0 */    0x3E, 0x10, 0x81, 0xEF, 0xCC, 0x05, 0xFC, 0xFE, 
                /* 02E8 */    0xFF, 0x07, 0x22, 0x38, 0x02, 0xCF, 0x34, 0xA0, 
                /* 02F0 */    0xF4, 0x39, 0x03, 0x81, 0x9C, 0x8A, 0x0F, 0x35, 
                /* 02F8 */    0xC0, 0x48, 0xF4, 0xAB, 0xC1, 0x27, 0x1A, 0x2A, 
                /* 0300 */    0x13, 0x06, 0x75, 0xA8, 0x01, 0x4C, 0x5E, 0x61, 
                /* 0308 */    0x9E, 0x46, 0xCF, 0xF9, 0x59, 0xC6, 0xA7, 0x1A, 
                /* 0310 */    0x1F, 0x4A, 0x8D, 0x63, 0x88, 0x97, 0x99, 0x87, 
                /* 0318 */    0x1A, 0x1F, 0x0B, 0x5E, 0x49, 0x7D, 0xA8, 0x31, 
                /* 0320 */    0x54, 0x9C, 0x87, 0x1A, 0x9F, 0x48, 0x03, 0x45, 
                /* 0328 */    0x7D, 0xB3, 0x79, 0xB6, 0x31, 0x7A, 0x7C, 0xDF, 
                /* 0330 */    0x50, 0x0D, 0xF1, 0x50, 0xC3, 0x84, 0xBD, 0x23, 
                /* 0338 */    0xF4, 0xC1, 0xF5, 0xA1, 0x06, 0x1C, 0xFF, 0xFF, 
                /* 0340 */    0x43, 0x0D, 0xC0, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xA1, 0x06, 
                /* 0348 */    0x70, 0x74, 0x34, 0x80, 0x73, 0x64, 0xC4, 0x1D, 
                /* 0350 */    0x0D, 0xC0, 0x75, 0x28, 0x05, 0x0E, 0x47, 0x03, 
                /* 0358 */    0xE0, 0x71, 0x14, 0x02, 0xF3, 0x85, 0xC6, 0x47, 
                /* 0360 */    0x21, 0x60, 0xF1, 0xFF, 0x3F, 0x0A, 0xE1, 0x64, 
                /* 0368 */    0x9F, 0x83, 0x50, 0x42, 0x8F, 0x42, 0x80, 0x54, 
                /* 0370 */    0xC8, 0xA7, 0x88, 0x67, 0x1F, 0x5F, 0x7E, 0x1E, 
                /* 0378 */    0x08, 0x22, 0xBC, 0xE6, 0xFB, 0x14, 0xE4, 0x43, 
                /* 0380 */    0xBE, 0x8F, 0x42, 0x0C, 0xC6, 0x50, 0xBE, 0x06, 
                /* 0388 */    0xF9, 0x28, 0xC4, 0xA0, 0x5E, 0x83, 0x7C, 0xDF, 
                /* 0390 */    0x37, 0xC8, 0x91, 0x18, 0xFB, 0x99, 0xC0, 0x47, 
                /* 0398 */    0x21, 0x26, 0xED, 0x28, 0x04, 0x28, 0xFC, 0xFF, 
                /* 03A0 */    0x1F, 0x85, 0x00, 0xFE, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x8F, 0x42, 
                /* 03A8 */    0x80, 0xB3, 0x00, 0x47, 0x03, 0xD0, 0x4D, 0xEB, 
                /* 03B0 */    0x51, 0x08, 0xBC, 0x77, 0x96, 0xD3, 0x3E, 0x01, 
                /* 03B8 */    0x9F, 0x85, 0x00, 0xB3, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xB3, 0x10, 
                /* 03C0 */    0x30, 0x3B, 0x0A, 0x45, 0x3D, 0xE8, 0x57, 0xA1, 
                /* 03C8 */    0x27, 0x80, 0x17, 0x80, 0x18, 0x61, 0xDE, 0x81, 
                /* 03D0 */    0x5E, 0x32, 0xD9, 0x5D, 0xDC, 0x38, 0x4F, 0x2E, 
                /* 03D8 */    0xA7, 0x6D, 0x94, 0x97, 0x20, 0x1F, 0x28, 0x9E, 
                /* 03E0 */    0x85, 0x0C, 0xF5, 0x2E, 0x14, 0xF4, 0x8D, 0xDC, 
                /* 03E8 */    0xA3, 0x8C, 0x19, 0x3F, 0xC4, 0xF3, 0x90, 0x21, 
                /* 03F0 */    0x9E, 0x85, 0x00, 0x76, 0xFD, 0xFF, 0xCF, 0x42, 
                /* 03F8 */    0x00, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x47, 0x03, 0xF8, 0x2F, 
                /* 0400 */    0x00, 0x9F, 0x85, 0x80, 0xE7, 0x09, 0xE0, 0x41, 
                /* 0408 */    0xDB, 0x67, 0x21, 0x80, 0x33, 0x87, 0xCB, 0xF3, 
                /* 0410 */    0x0F, 0x7A, 0x60, 0xEF, 0x11, 0x9E, 0xF5, 0x71, 
                /* 0418 */    0xBF, 0x5E, 0x7A, 0xE0, 0x0F, 0x05, 0xCF, 0x42, 
                /* 0420 */    0x0C, 0xEB, 0x98, 0x7C, 0x16, 0x62, 0x10, 0x2F, 
                /* 0428 */    0x9A, 0x86, 0x78, 0xE1, 0xF4, 0x61, 0xC0, 0xFF, 
                /* 0430 */    0x7F, 0xBC, 0xC0, 0xAF, 0x9C, 0x06, 0x0A, 0x12, 
                /* 0438 */    0xE8, 0x59, 0x08, 0x60, 0xFC, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x2C, 
                /* 0440 */    0x04, 0x90, 0x71, 0x8D, 0x3A, 0x0B, 0x01, 0xCB, 
                /* 0448 */    0x63, 0x0C, 0x3B, 0xAD, 0x24, 0xF8, 0xFF, 0x3F, 
                /* 0450 */    0x0B, 0x01, 0x9F, 0x5C, 0x46, 0x0E, 0x42, 0x98, 
                /* 0458 */    0x88, 0x6F, 0x05, 0x1F, 0x33, 0x01, 0xA5, 0xE7, 
                /* 0460 */    0xA0, 0x17, 0x77, 0x63, 0x04, 0x7E, 0x91, 0x78, 
                /* 0468 */    0xCC, 0x64, 0x47, 0x4D, 0xC3, 0x3C, 0x0B, 0x19, 
                /* 0470 */    0xEF, 0x30, 0xCE, 0xE0, 0x09, 0xDE, 0x93, 0x7F, 
                /* 0478 */    0x16, 0x62, 0x60, 0xC7, 0x18, 0xEC, 0x51, 0xC8, 
                /* 0480 */    0xA0, 0x06, 0x8F, 0x1D, 0x22, 0x4C, 0xA0, 0x67, 
                /* 0488 */    0x21, 0x16, 0x6A, 0xDC, 0x3A, 0x7F, 0xF8, 0x2C, 
                /* 0490 */    0x04, 0xBC, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x67, 0x21, 0xC0, 0xD3, 
                /* 0498 */    0x61, 0xC3, 0x67, 0x0D, 0xF0, 0x0C, 0xDF, 0xA3, 
                /* 04A0 */    0x3A, 0x87, 0xC7, 0x63, 0xE0, 0x92, 0x55, 0xC7, 
                /* 04A8 */    0x09, 0x83, 0xE5, 0x5E, 0xA7, 0x6C, 0x9C, 0x61, 
                /* 04B0 */    0xE8, 0x20, 0xAC, 0x0E, 0x48, 0xC3, 0xC1, 0xDC, 
                /* 04B8 */    0x43, 0x0E, 0xE2, 0x7C, 0xD8, 0x40, 0xAD, 0x08, 
                /* 04C0 */    0x4E, 0xC7, 0x24, 0x0F, 0xDA, 0x5A, 0x28, 0xA4, 
                /* 04C8 */    0x80, 0x46, 0x03, 0x32, 0xBC, 0x33, 0x9F, 0x96, 
                /* 04D0 */    0x28, 0x88, 0x01, 0x7D, 0x02, 0xB2, 0x8D, 0x73, 
                /* 04D8 */    0x00, 0x6A, 0x2F, 0x9A, 0x02, 0x39, 0xDA, 0x60, 
                /* 04E0 */    0xF4, 0x5F, 0x16, 0xE8, 0x6C, 0x7C, 0x0D, 0xE0, 
                /* 04E8 */    0x1A, 0x20, 0x74, 0x30, 0x30, 0xB4, 0xD5, 0xDC, 
                /* 04F0 */    0x62, 0x50, 0x60, 0xC6, 0x7F, 0x70, 0x31, 0x81, 
                /* 04F8 */    0x8F, 0x2E, 0xF8, 0xB3, 0x00, 0xEE, 0xFF, 0x3F, 
                /* 0500 */    0x5C, 0x8F, 0xF6, 0x5D, 0xA0, 0xEA, 0xC9, 0xEA, 
                /* 0508 */    0x8A, 0x60, 0x75, 0x97, 0x17, 0x08, 0x33, 0x32, 
                /* 0510 */    0x41, 0x7D, 0x07, 0x02, 0x50, 0x00, 0xF9, 0x0E, 
                /* 0518 */    0xE0, 0xA3, 0xD3, 0x73, 0x00, 0x9B, 0x48, 0x88, 
                /* 0520 */    0x30, 0xD1, 0x8C, 0x8E, 0x98, 0x30, 0x2A, 0xFA, 
                /* 0528 */    0x84, 0x29, 0x88, 0x27, 0xEC, 0x58, 0x13, 0x46, 
                /* 0530 */    0xCF, 0xC4, 0x77, 0x1B, 0x36, 0x62, 0x4C, 0x88, 
                /* 0538 */    0xDB, 0x06, 0xB4, 0x09, 0x06, 0xF5, 0x3D, 0x08, 
                /* 0540 */    0xD6, 0x90, 0xF9, 0x58, 0x7C, 0x67, 0xC0, 0x4D, 
                /* 0548 */    0x19, 0x8C, 0x73, 0x62, 0xD7, 0x04, 0x0B, 0x9C, 
                /* 0550 */    0x33, 0xC8, 0xE1, 0x31, 0xD7, 0x2F, 0x7E, 0x5B, 
                /* 0558 */    0xF2, 0xE8, 0xF8, 0x41, 0xC1, 0x37, 0x1C, 0x86, 
                /* 0560 */    0xFD, 0x30, 0xE6, 0x19, 0xBD, 0x8A, 0xF9, 0xE6, 
                /* 0568 */    0x86, 0x81, 0xF5, 0x78, 0x39, 0xAC, 0xD1, 0xC2, 
                /* 0570 */    0x1E, 0xDA, 0xAB, 0x87, 0xCF, 0x2D, 0x3E, 0x4F, 
                /* 0578 */    0x18, 0x23, 0xAC, 0x2F, 0x2C, 0xE0, 0x00, 0xFC, 
                /* 0580 */    0xFF, 0xBF, 0x5A, 0xC1, 0xBE, 0x6B, 0x80, 0xE7, 
                /* 0588 */    0x26, 0xE4, 0xBB, 0x06, 0xC0, 0xDA, 0xFF, 0xFF, 
                /* 0590 */    0x5D, 0x03, 0xFE, 0x35, 0xC1, 0x77, 0x0D, 0xE0, 
                /* 0598 */    0x3D, 0x74, 0xDF, 0x35, 0x80, 0x6B, 0xF6, 0xBB, 
                /* 05A0 */    0x06, 0xEA, 0x18, 0x60, 0x85, 0x77, 0x0D, 0x68, 
                /* 05A8 */    0xB7, 0xB4, 0x57, 0xB4, 0x87, 0x2A, 0x6B, 0xBA, 
                /* 05B0 */    0x6C, 0xA0, 0xD4, 0x5C, 0x36, 0x00, 0x6D, 0xFF, 
                /* 05B8 */    0xFF, 0xCB, 0x06, 0xB0, 0x91, 0x32, 0x61, 0x54, 
                /* 05C0 */    0xF8, 0x09, 0x53, 0x10, 0x4F, 0xD8, 0xC1, 0x2E, 
                /* 05C8 */    0x1B, 0xA0, 0x88, 0x71, 0xD9, 0x00, 0xFD, 0xD8, 
                /* 05D0 */    0x5E, 0x36, 0x80, 0xC1, 0x3D, 0x81, 0xDF, 0x36, 
                /* 05D8 */    0x80, 0x37, 0xA4, 0x6F, 0x1B, 0xC0, 0xF4, 0xFF, 
                /* 05E0 */    0x0F, 0x31, 0xFF, 0x6D, 0x03, 0xC5, 0x61, 0x95, 
                /* 05E8 */    0xB7, 0x0D, 0x88, 0x87, 0x77, 0x46, 0x60, 0x55, 
                /* 05F0 */    0xD7, 0x0D, 0x94, 0x9E, 0xEB, 0x06, 0x40, 0x02, 
                /* 05F8 */    0x31, 0x13, 0x46, 0xC5, 0x9F, 0x30, 0x05, 0xF1, 
                /* 0600 */    0x84, 0x1D, 0xED, 0xBA, 0x01, 0x8A, 0x20, 0xD7, 
                /* 0608 */    0x0D, 0xD0, 0xCF, 0xEB, 0x94, 0xC1, 0xFA, 0xFF, 
                /* 0610 */    0xBF, 0x6E, 0x60, 0x2F, 0x0A, 0x98, 0xFB, 0x06, 
                /* 0618 */    0xF0, 0x86, 0xE5, 0xF7, 0x0D, 0xC0, 0xC7, 0xE5, 
                /* 0620 */    0x1B, 0x73, 0xDF, 0x00, 0x6C, 0xFE, 0xFF, 0xEF, 
                /* 0628 */    0x1B, 0x00, 0x13, 0x2E, 0x0A, 0xB8, 0xFB, 0x06, 
                /* 0630 */    0xF0, 0xBE, 0x48, 0xFB, 0xBE, 0x01, 0x5C, 0x83, 
                /* 0638 */    0x49, 0xF8, 0xFF, 0xDF, 0xF5, 0xE8, 0x0B, 0x40, 
                /* 0640 */    0x51, 0x60, 0x50, 0x43, 0xF2, 0x99, 0x00, 0x3F, 
                /* 0648 */    0xBA, 0x83, 0x3B, 0xA6, 0xE0, 0x4C, 0x12, 0x1C, 
                /* 0650 */    0x6A, 0xE0, 0xBE, 0x02, 0x3C, 0xCD, 0x9F, 0xD6, 
                /* 0658 */    0x7B, 0xBD, 0xE7, 0xF1, 0x24, 0x10, 0x92, 0x1D, 
                /* 0660 */    0x61, 0x7C, 0x6C, 0x43, 0x9C, 0x0C, 0xC8, 0x41, 
                /* 0668 */    0xDC, 0x47, 0xF7, 0x88, 0xEF, 0xE1, 0x86, 0x49, 
                /* 0670 */    0xE0, 0x21, 0x33, 0x34, 0x0E, 0x8D, 0x1D, 0x86, 
                /* 0678 */    0xEF, 0x02, 0xC1, 0x0E, 0xE2, 0x30, 0xCE, 0xD7, 
                /* 0680 */    0x04, 0x9E, 0xD0, 0x83, 0xC0, 0x7B, 0xF9, 0xA3, 
                /* 0688 */    0x41, 0xF1, 0x77, 0x03, 0x4A, 0x60, 0xB8, 0xD0, 
                /* 0690 */    0x98, 0x91, 0xFA, 0x6C, 0xFF, 0x8E, 0x70, 0x24, 
                /* 0698 */    0x26, 0xB0, 0x7B, 0x48, 0x59, 0x13, 0xA0, 0xF1, 
                /* 06A0 */    0x96, 0x43, 0x20, 0x7A, 0xC3, 0x91, 0x2D, 0x14, 
                /* 06A8 */    0xCD, 0x2D, 0xCA, 0xFB, 0x42, 0x14, 0x3B, 0x43, 
                /* 06B0 */    0x10, 0x46, 0x94, 0x60, 0x41, 0x9E, 0xD6, 0x62, 
                /* 06B8 */    0x45, 0x79, 0x66, 0x37, 0x42, 0xC4, 0x10, 0xAF, 
                /* 06C0 */    0x0C, 0x81, 0x5E, 0x12, 0xC2, 0x07, 0x79, 0xEC, 
                /* 06C8 */    0x89, 0xD3, 0xFE, 0x20, 0x88, 0xF8, 0x17, 0x82, 
                /* 06D0 */    0x3C, 0x80, 0x28, 0xD2, 0x68, 0x50, 0xE7, 0x06, 
                /* 06D8 */    0x8F, 0xDD, 0x87, 0x10, 0x5F, 0xFE, 0x7D, 0xB8, 
                /* 06E0 */    0xF7, 0xE8, 0x0E, 0xEE, 0x45, 0xFE, 0xA0, 0x3D, 
                /* 06E8 */    0x3C, 0x76, 0xC2, 0xF0, 0x41, 0x03, 0x8E, 0x6B, 
                /* 06F0 */    0x40, 0x4D, 0xFF, 0x19, 0x01, 0x2C, 0x97, 0x7F, 
                /* 06F8 */    0xF8, 0xE3, 0xF1, 0x3D, 0xC1, 0xF3, 0x39, 0xE1, 
                /* 0700 */    0x04, 0x96, 0x3F, 0x08, 0xD4, 0x71, 0x84, 0xCF, 
                /* 0708 */    0xF3, 0x85, 0xC3, 0x90, 0xCF, 0x02, 0x87, 0xC5, 
                /* 0710 */    0xC4, 0x0A, 0xF8, 0xFF, 0x9F, 0x4C, 0xD8, 0x78, 
                /* 0718 */    0xC0, 0x7F, 0x0F, 0x79, 0xFD, 0xF7, 0xCD, 0xC0, 
                /* 0720 */    0xF3, 0x35, 0xC1, 0x88, 0x10, 0x72, 0x32, 0x1E, 
                /* 0728 */    0x34, 0xE8, 0xD9, 0xF8, 0x80, 0xE1, 0xEB, 0x09, 
                /* 0730 */    0x3B, 0x77, 0x70, 0x51, 0xE7, 0x0E, 0xD4, 0xD1, 
                /* 0738 */    0xC1, 0xA7, 0x06, 0x76, 0xB3, 0xC1, 0x1C, 0xB7, 
                /* 0740 */    0xF9, 0x59, 0x03, 0xFC, 0x23, 0x84, 0x7F, 0x7B, 
                /* 0748 */    0xF0, 0xBC, 0x7C, 0x65, 0x78, 0x75, 0x48, 0xE0, 
                /* 0750 */    0x90, 0x23, 0x44, 0x8F, 0xCB, 0x23, 0xC4, 0x9C, 
                /* 0758 */    0x6F, 0x30, 0x43, 0x04, 0xD7, 0x59, 0x00, 0x1C, 
                /* 0760 */    0x43, 0x04, 0x3E, 0x67, 0x4C, 0x9F, 0x71, 0x60, 
                /* 0768 */    0xFE, 0xFF, 0xCF, 0x38, 0xEC, 0xD2, 0xC3, 0x07, 
                /* 0770 */    0x6A, 0x78, 0x13, 0xF8, 0xFE, 0x8C, 0x3B, 0xD2, 
                /* 0778 */    0x18, 0x9C, 0x1F, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x76, 0x18, 0xF8, 
                /* 0780 */    0xFB, 0x8E, 0x67, 0x70, 0x34, 0x3E, 0xA0, 0x18, 
                /* 0788 */    0x21, 0xF8, 0x73, 0xC9, 0x73, 0x8A, 0x35, 0x0F, 
                /* 0790 */    0x52, 0x33, 0x7A, 0x67, 0x38, 0x04, 0x76, 0xB3, 
                /* 0798 */    0xC2, 0x1D, 0x38, 0x3C, 0x04, 0x3E, 0x80, 0x56, 
                /* 07A0 */    0x27, 0x47, 0x4E, 0x3F, 0xA7, 0x84, 0x1B, 0x3E, 
                /* 07A8 */    0xBF, 0x0A, 0x60, 0x0E, 0x41, 0x38, 0x85, 0x36, 
                /* 07B0 */    0x7D, 0x6A, 0x34, 0x6A, 0xD5, 0xA0, 0x4C, 0x8D, 
                /* 07B8 */    0x32, 0x0D, 0x6A, 0xF5, 0xA9, 0xD4, 0x98, 0xB1, 
                /* 07C0 */    0x0B, 0x8B, 0x03, 0xBE, 0x02, 0x74, 0x1C, 0xB0, 
                /* 07C8 */    0x3C, 0x0A, 0x1D, 0xC1, 0xC8, 0x9B, 0x40, 0x20, 
                /* 07D0 */    0x0E, 0x0B, 0x42, 0x23, 0xBD, 0x71, 0x04, 0x62, 
                /* 07D8 */    0xC9, 0xEF, 0x2F, 0x81, 0x58, 0xEE, 0x03, 0x45, 
                /* 07E0 */    0x20, 0x0E, 0x68, 0x02, 0x9C, 0xAA, 0x00, 0xA7, 
                /* 07E8 */    0xAF, 0x01, 0x81, 0x38, 0x32, 0x08, 0x15, 0xFA, 
                /* 07F0 */    0x35, 0x13, 0x88, 0x63, 0x82, 0xD0, 0x50, 0x3E, 
                /* 07F8 */    0x40, 0x98, 0xF4, 0x17, 0x80, 0x00, 0x89, 0x11, 
                /* 0800 */    0x10, 0x16, 0xEE, 0xE5, 0x20, 0x10, 0x4B, 0x7B, 
                /* 0808 */    0x2D, 0x08, 0xC4, 0x42, 0xAC, 0x80, 0xB0, 0xB8, 
                /* 0810 */    0x20, 0x34, 0x9C, 0x16, 0x10, 0x26, 0xC9, 0x0C, 
                /* 0818 */    0x08, 0x0B, 0x04, 0x42, 0xE5, 0x3F, 0xD3, 0x04, 
                /* 0820 */    0x62, 0x91, 0x6E, 0x00, 0xE9, 0xBA, 0x05, 0xE2, 
                /* 0828 */    0x20, 0x7A, 0x40, 0x98, 0x0C, 0x3F, 0x20, 0x2C, 
                /* 0830 */    0x34, 0x08, 0x8D, 0xF6, 0x6C, 0x10, 0x20, 0x31, 
                /* 0838 */    0x04, 0xC2, 0xE2, 0x3B, 0x02, 0x61, 0xE2, 0xDF, 
                /* 0840 */    0x44, 0x02, 0x71, 0x4A, 0x4B, 0x10, 0x37, 0xA5, 
                /* 0848 */    0x01, 0x06, 0x11, 0x90, 0x93, 0x6A, 0x02, 0x62, 
                /* 0850 */    0xB9, 0x41, 0x34, 0x24, 0xF2, 0xB0, 0x10, 0x90, 
                /* 0858 */    0x93, 0x82, 0x68, 0xC0, 0xC4, 0x14, 0x90, 0xFF, 
                /* 0860 */    0xFF, 0x43, 0x13, 0x88, 0x80, 0x9C, 0xCA, 0x15, 
                /* 0868 */    0x10, 0x8B, 0x08, 0x22, 0x20, 0x27, 0x7B, 0x52, 
                /* 0870 */    0x09, 0xC8, 0x39, 0x41, 0x74, 0x04, 0x20, 0xBA, 
                /* 0878 */    0x80, 0x58, 0x3E, 0x10, 0x01, 0x39, 0x96, 0x2F, 
                /* 0880 */    0x20, 0x16, 0x12, 0x44, 0x40, 0x4E, 0xF4, 0xF3, 
                /* 0888 */    0x09, 0x44, 0xE2, 0x81, 0x68, 0x10, 0xE4, 0x3F, 
                /* 0890 */    0x21, 0x20, 0x67, 0x04, 0x11, 0x10, 0x79, 0x12, 
                /* 0898 */    0x05, 0x21, 0x9A, 0x3E, 0x62, 0x02, 0x71, 0x6A, 
                /* 08A0 */    0x10, 0x9A, 0xEC, 0x27, 0x14, 0x84, 0xFC, 0xFF, 
                /* 08A8 */    0x01
            })
        }

        Device (PCI0)
        {
            Name (_ADR, 0x00)
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0A03"))
            Name (_UID, 0x01)
            Method (_INI, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store (0x07D0, OSYS)
                If (CondRefOf (_OSI, Local0))
                {
                    If (\_OSI ("Linux"))
                    {
                        Store (0x03E8, OSYS)
                    }

                    If (\_OSI ("Windows 2001"))
                    {
                        Store (0x07D1, OSYS)
                    }

                    If (\_OSI ("Windows 2001 SP1"))
                    {
                        Store (0x07D1, OSYS)
                    }

                    If (\_OSI ("Windows 2001 SP2"))
                    {
                        Store (0x07D2, OSYS)
                    }

                    If (\_OSI ("Windows 2006"))
                    {
                        Store (0x07D6, OSYS)
                    }
                }
            }

            Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Return (0x0F)
            }

            Scope (\_SB)
            {
                OperationRegion (ASLD, SystemMemory, 0x7FF15DBC, 0x00000100)
                Field (ASLD, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    TOM,    32, 
                    R_ST,   1, 
                        ,   3, 
                    R_P0,   4, 
                    R_S0,   4, 
                    R_S1,   4, 
                    RSS0,   4, 
                    RSS1,   4, 
                    PSTN,   8, 
                    DUAL,   8, 
                    IVIM,   8, 
                    ACBR,   8, 
                    DCBR,   8, 
                    WC01,   8, 
                    SID0,   8, 
                    SID1,   8, 
                    SID2,   8, 
                    SID3,   8, 
                    SID4,   8, 
                    EAX0,   32, 
                    EBX0,   32, 
                    CCBR,   8, 
                    ACST,   8
                }
            }

            Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                Name (CBUF, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    WordBusNumber (ResourceProducer, MinFixed, MaxFixed, PosDecode,
                        0x0000,             // Granularity
                        0x0000,             // Range Minimum
                        0x00FF,             // Range Maximum
                        0x0000,             // Translation Offset
                        0x0100,             // Length
                        ,, )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0CF8,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0CF8,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x08,               // Length
                        )
                    WordIO (ResourceProducer, MinFixed, MaxFixed, PosDecode, EntireRange,
                        0x0000,             // Granularity
                        0x0000,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0CF7,             // Range Maximum
                        0x0000,             // Translation Offset
                        0x0CF8,             // Length
                        ,, , TypeStatic)
                    WordIO (ResourceProducer, MinFixed, MaxFixed, PosDecode, EntireRange,
                        0x0000,             // Granularity
                        0x0D00,             // Range Minimum
                        0xFFFF,             // Range Maximum
                        0x0000,             // Translation Offset
                        0xF300,             // Length
                        ,, , TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000A0000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000BFFFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00020000,         // Length
                        ,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000C0000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000C3FFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00004000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000C4000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000C7FFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00004000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000C8000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000CBFFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00004000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000CC000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000CFFFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00004000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000D0000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000D3FFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00004000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000D4000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000D7FFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00004000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000D8000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000DBFFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00004000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000DC000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000DFFFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00004000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000E0000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000E3FFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00004000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000E4000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000E7FFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00004000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000E8000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000EBFFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00004000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000EC000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000EFFFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00004000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x000F0000,         // Range Minimum
                        0x000FFFFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0x00010000,         // Length
                        0x00,, , AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                    DWordMemory (ResourceProducer, PosDecode, MinFixed, MaxFixed, Cacheable, ReadWrite,
                        0x00000000,         // Granularity
                        0x00100000,         // Range Minimum
                        0xFEBFFFFF,         // Range Maximum
                        0x00000000,         // Translation Offset
                        0xFFF00000,         // Length
                        ,, _Y01, AddressRangeMemory, TypeStatic)
                })
                CreateDWordField (CBUF, \_SB.PCI0._CRS._Y01._MIN, PMMN)
                CreateDWordField (CBUF, \_SB.PCI0._CRS._Y01._LEN, PMLN)
                Multiply (\_SB.TOM, 0x00100000, PMMN)
                Subtract (0xFEC00000, PMMN, PMLN)
                Return (CBUF)
            }

            Name (_PRT, Package (0x0D)
            {
                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x000AFFFF, 
                    0x00, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LSMB, 
                    0x00
                }, 

                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x000AFFFF, 
                    0x01, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LPMU, 
                    0x00
                }, 

                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x000BFFFF, 
                    0x00, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LUS0, 
                    0x00
                }, 

                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x000BFFFF, 
                    0x01, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LUS2, 
                    0x00
                }, 

                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x0014FFFF, 
                    0x00, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LMAC, 
                    0x00
                }, 

                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x0010FFFF, 
                    0x01, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LAZA, 
                    0x00
                }, 

                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x000DFFFF, 
                    0x00, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LPID, 
                    0x00
                }, 

                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x000EFFFF, 
                    0x00, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LTID, 
                    0x00
                }, 

                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x000FFFFF, 
                    0x00, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LSI1, 
                    0x00
                }, 

                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x0005FFFF, 
                    0x00, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LK3E, 
                    0x00
                }, 

                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x0005FFFF, 
                    0x01, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LK4E, 
                    0x00
                }, 

                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x0005FFFF, 
                    0x02, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LK1E, 
                    0x00
                }, 

                Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x0005FFFF, 
                    0x03, 
                    \_SB.PCI0.LK2E, 
                    0x00
                }
            })
            Device (LPC0)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x000A0000)
                OperationRegion (P44, PCI_Config, 0x44, 0x04)
                Field (P44, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    MTBA,   32
                }

                OperationRegion (P74, PCI_Config, 0x74, 0x04)
                Field (P74, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    HPTF,   16
                }

                Device (MBRD)
                {
                    Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C02"))
                    Name (_UID, 0x1F)
                    Name (RSRC, ResourceTemplate ()
                    {
                        Memory32Fixed (ReadWrite,
                            0xE0000000,         // Address Base
                            0x10000000,         // Address Length
                            )
                    })
                    Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Return (RSRC)
                    }
                }

                Device (PMIO)
                {
                    Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C02"))
                    Name (_UID, 0x03)
                    Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Name (IODM, ResourceTemplate ()
                        {
                            IO (Decode16,
                                0x0000,             // Range Minimum
                                0x0000,             // Range Maximum
                                0x00,               // Alignment
                                0x00,               // Length
                                )
                        })
                        Name (IORT, ResourceTemplate ()
                        {
                            IO (Decode16,
                                0x0000,             // Range Minimum
                                0x0000,             // Range Maximum
                                0x01,               // Alignment
                                0x80,               // Length
                                _Y02)
                            IO (Decode16,
                                0x0000,             // Range Minimum
                                0x0000,             // Range Maximum
                                0x01,               // Alignment
                                0x80,               // Length
                                _Y03)
                            IO (Decode16,
                                0x0000,             // Range Minimum
                                0x0000,             // Range Maximum
                                0x01,               // Alignment
                                0x80,               // Length
                                _Y04)
                            IO (Decode16,
                                0x0000,             // Range Minimum
                                0x0000,             // Range Maximum
                                0x01,               // Alignment
                                0x80,               // Length
                                _Y05)
                            IO (Decode16,
                                0x0000,             // Range Minimum
                                0x0000,             // Range Maximum
                                0x01,               // Alignment
                                0x80,               // Length
                                _Y06)
                            IO (Decode16,
                                0x0000,             // Range Minimum
                                0x0000,             // Range Maximum
                                0x01,               // Alignment
                                0x80,               // Length
                                _Y07)
                            IO (Decode16,
                                0x0000,             // Range Minimum
                                0x0000,             // Range Maximum
                                0x01,               // Alignment
                                0x40,               // Length
                                _Y08)
                        })
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y02._MIN, I1MN)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y02._MAX, I1MX)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y03._MIN, I2MN)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y03._MAX, I2MX)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y04._MIN, I3MN)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y04._MAX, I3MX)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y05._MIN, I4MN)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y05._MAX, I4MX)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y06._MIN, I5MN)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y06._MAX, I5MX)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y07._MIN, I6MN)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y07._MAX, I6MX)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y08._MIN, I9MN)
                        CreateWordField (IORT, \_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PMIO._CRS._Y08._MAX, I9MX)
                        And (\_SB.PCI0.SMB0.PMBR, 0xFFFC, I1MN)
                        Store (I1MN, I1MX)
                        Add (I1MN, 0x80, Local0)
                        Store (Local0, I2MN)
                        Store (Local0, I2MX)
                        And (\_SB.PCI0.SMB0.NVSB, 0xFFFC, I3MN)
                        Store (I3MN, I3MX)
                        Add (I3MN, 0x80, Local0)
                        Store (Local0, I4MN)
                        Store (Local0, I4MX)
                        And (\_SB.PCI0.SMB0.ANLG, 0xFFFC, I5MN)
                        Store (I5MN, I5MX)
                        Add (I5MN, 0x80, Local0)
                        Store (Local0, I6MN)
                        Store (Local0, I6MX)
                        And (\_SB.PCI0.SMB0.SB7C, 0xFFFC, I9MN)
                        Store (I9MN, I9MX)
                        If (I1MN)
                        {
                            Store (IORT, Local0)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Store (IODM, Local0)
                        }

                        Return (Local0)
                    }
                }
            }

            OperationRegion (SSMI, SystemIO, 0x142E, 0x02)
            Field (SSMI, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
            {
                SMIC,   8, 
                SMIS,   8
            }

            Mutex (PSMX, 0x00)
            Method (PHSR, 2, NotSerialized)
            {
                Acquire (PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                Store (Arg1, SMIS)
                Store (Arg0, SMIC)
                Store (SMIS, Local0)
                Release (PSMX)
                Return (Local0)
            }

            Device (SYS0)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C02"))
                Name (_UID, 0x01)
                Name (_CRS, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0010,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0010,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x10,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0022,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0022,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x1E,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0044,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0044,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x1C,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0068,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0068,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x08,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0080,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0080,             // Range Maximum
                        0x00,               // Alignment
                        0x01,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0091,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0091,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x03,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0097,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0097,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x09,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x00A2,             // Range Minimum
                        0x00A2,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x1E,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x00E0,             // Range Minimum
                        0x00E0,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x10,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0360,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0360,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x02,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0380,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0380,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x04,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x04D0,             // Range Minimum
                        0x04D0,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x02,               // Length
                        )
                })
            }

            Device (PIC0)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0000"))
                Name (_CRS, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0020,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0020,             // Range Maximum
                        0x04,               // Alignment
                        0x02,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x00A0,             // Range Minimum
                        0x00A0,             // Range Maximum
                        0x04,               // Alignment
                        0x02,               // Length
                        )
                    IRQ (Edge, ActiveHigh, Exclusive, )
                        {2}
                })
            }

            Device (DMA0)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0200"))
                Name (_CRS, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0000,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0000,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x09,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x000A,             // Range Minimum
                        0x000A,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x06,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0081,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0081,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x03,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0087,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0087,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x01,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0089,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0089,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x03,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x008F,             // Range Minimum
                        0x008F,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x01,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x00C0,             // Range Minimum
                        0x00C0,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x12,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x00D4,             // Range Minimum
                        0x00D4,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x0C,               // Length
                        )
                    DMA (Compatibility, BusMaster, Transfer8, )
                        {4}
                })
            }

            Device (SPK0)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0800"))
                Name (_CRS, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0061,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0061,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x01,               // Length
                        )
                })
            }

            Device (MTH0)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C04"))
                Name (_CRS, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x00F0,             // Range Minimum
                        0x00F0,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x02,               // Length
                        )
                    IRQ (Edge, ActiveHigh, Exclusive, )
                        {13}
                })
            }

            Device (PIT0)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0100"))
                Name (BUF0, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0040,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0040,             // Range Maximum
                        0x00,               // Alignment
                        0x04,               // Length
                        )
                })
                Name (BUF1, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0040,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0040,             // Range Maximum
                        0x00,               // Alignment
                        0x04,               // Length
                        )
                    IRQ (Edge, ActiveHigh, Exclusive, )
                        {0}
                })
                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (And (\_SB.PCI0.LPC0.HPTF, 0x04))
                    {
                        Return (BUF0)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUF1)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (RTC0)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0B00"))
                Name (BUF2, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0070,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0070,             // Range Maximum
                        0x00,               // Alignment
                        0x02,               // Length
                        )
                })
                Name (BUF3, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0070,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0070,             // Range Maximum
                        0x00,               // Alignment
                        0x02,               // Length
                        )
                    IRQ (Edge, ActiveHigh, Exclusive, )
                        {8}
                })
                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (And (\_SB.PCI0.LPC0.HPTF, 0x04))
                    {
                        Return (BUF2)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUF3)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (MMTM)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0103"))
                Name (BUF4, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    IRQ (Edge, ActiveHigh, Exclusive, )
                        {0}
                    IRQ (Edge, ActiveHigh, Exclusive, )
                        {8}
                    Memory32Fixed (ReadOnly,
                        0x00000000,         // Address Base
                        0x00000400,         // Address Length
                        _Y09)
                })
                Name (BUF5, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                })
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (And (\_SB.PCI0.LPC0.HPTF, 0x04))
                    {
                        Return (0x0F)
                    }

                    Return (0x00)
                }

                CreateDWordField (BUF4, \_SB.PCI0.MMTM._Y09._BAS, MMBB)
                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (And (\_SB.PCI0.LPC0.HPTF, 0x04))
                    {
                        Store (\_SB.PCI0.LPC0.MTBA, MMBB)
                        Return (BUF4)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUF5)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (KBC0)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0303"))
                Name (_CRS, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0060,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0060,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x01,               // Length
                        )
                    IO (Decode16,
                        0x0064,             // Range Minimum
                        0x0064,             // Range Maximum
                        0x01,               // Alignment
                        0x01,               // Length
                        )
                    IRQ (Edge, ActiveHigh, Exclusive, )
                        {1}
                })
            }

            Device (MSE0)
            {
                Method (_HID, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LEqual (HPBD, 0x01))
                    {
                        Return ("*SYN012A")
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return ("*SYN0129")
                    }
                }

                Name (_CID, Package (0x03)
                {
                    0x00012E4F, 
                    0x02002E4F, 
                    0x130FD041
                })
                Name (_CRS, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    IRQ (Edge, ActiveHigh, Exclusive, )
                        {12}
                })
            }

            Device (EC0)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C09"))
                Name (_UID, 0x01)
                Name (_GPE, 0x10)
                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Name (BFFR, ResourceTemplate ()
                    {
                        IO (Decode16,
                            0x0062,             // Range Minimum
                            0x0062,             // Range Maximum
                            0x00,               // Alignment
                            0x01,               // Length
                            )
                        IO (Decode16,
                            0x0066,             // Range Minimum
                            0x0066,             // Range Maximum
                            0x00,               // Alignment
                            0x01,               // Length
                            )
                    })
                    Return (BFFR)
                }

                OperationRegion (ERAM, EmbeddedControl, 0x00, 0xFF)
                Field (ERAM, ByteAcc, Lock, Preserve)
                {
                    SMPR,   8, 
                    SMST,   8, 
                    SMAD,   8, 
                    SMCM,   8, 
                    SMD0,   256, 
                    BCNT,   8, 
                    SMAA,   8, 
                    BATD,   16, 
                            Offset (0x40), 
                    ACIN,   1, 
                            Offset (0x41), 
                        ,   4, 
                    FANC,   1, 
                    BLED,   1, 
                    AADA,   1, 
                            Offset (0x42), 
                        ,   7, 
                    Q8EO,   1, 
                        ,   4, 
                    BANK,   4, 
                            Offset (0x45), 
                    VFAN,   1, 
                    ISEN,   1, 
                    KBEP,   1, 
                    ASCN,   1, 
                    ALIN,   1, 
                            Offset (0x4E), 
                    LIDP,   1, 
                    DT1P,   1, 
                    ODDW,   1, 
                    PRPP,   1, 
                        ,   1, 
                        ,   1, 
                        ,   1, 
                            Offset (0x4F), 
                            Offset (0x52), 
                    LIDS,   1, 
                    DT1I,   1, 
                        ,   1, 
                    PREP,   1, 
                    RBAT,   1, 
                    CRTS,   1, 
                    ABTN,   1, 
                    DBAY,   1, 
                            Offset (0x58), 
                    RTMP,   8, 
                    ECT1,   8, 
                    ECT2,   8, 
                    RG5B,   8, 
                    FSPD,   16, 
                            Offset (0x61), 
                    QPDD,   8, 
                            Offset (0x72), 
                    BFCC,   16, 
                            Offset (0x82), 
                    MBST,   8, 
                    MCUR,   16, 
                    MBRM,   16, 
                    MBCV,   16, 
                            Offset (0xA0), 
                    QBHK,   8, 
                            Offset (0xA2), 
                    QBBB,   8, 
                            Offset (0xA4), 
                    MBTS,   1, 
                    MBTF,   1, 
                    BDES,   1, 
                    BTRK,   1, 
                    BARM,   1, 
                    BLOW,   1, 
                    BDIS,   1, 
                    BDED,   1, 
                        ,   3, 
                    NIMH,   1, 
                            Offset (0xAF), 
                    BATT,   8, 
                            Offset (0xB3), 
                    BACU,   8, 
                            Offset (0xC0), 
                    BRID,   8, 
                            Offset (0xE0), 
                    DTMC,   8, 
                            Offset (0xE2), 
                    BRIC,   8, 
                            Offset (0xE6), 
                    SFHK,   8, 
                    GQKS,   7
                }

                Field (ERAM, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                            Offset (0x04), 
                    SMW0,   16
                }

                Field (ERAM, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                            Offset (0x04), 
                    SMB0,   8
                }

                Field (ERAM, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                            Offset (0x04), 
                    FLD0,   64
                }

                Field (ERAM, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                            Offset (0x04), 
                    FLD1,   128
                }

                Field (ERAM, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                            Offset (0x04), 
                    FLD2,   192
                }

                Field (ERAM, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                            Offset (0x04), 
                    FLD3,   256
                }

                Name (BATO, 0x00)
                Name (BATN, 0x00)
                Name (BATF, 0xC0)
                Mutex (MUT0, 0x00)
                Mutex (MUT1, 0x00)
                Method (_REG, 2, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LAnd (LEqual (Arg0, 0x03), LEqual (Arg1, 0x01)))
                    {
                        Store (0x01, ECON)
                    }
                }

                Method (_Q20, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x20, \DBUG)
                    If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                    {
                        Notify (\_SB.BAT0, 0x81)
                    }

                    Notify (\_SB.ACAD, 0x80)
                    Notify (\_SB.BAT0, 0x80)
                }

                Method (_Q21, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x21, \DBUG)
                    Notify (\_SB.ACAD, 0x80)
                    Notify (\_SB.BAT0, 0x80)
                    RSBR ()
                }

                Method (_Q09, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LEqual (DTCN, 0x02))
                    {
                        Store (0x00, DTCN)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Add (DTCN, 0x01, DTCN)
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (0x96, \_SB.PCI0.EC0.DTMC)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                    }

                    Store (0x09, \DBUG)
                    Store (0x05, \_SB.WMID.Z00P)
                    Store (0x00, \_SB.WMID.Z00Q)
                    Notify (\_SB.WMID, 0x80)
                }

                Method (_Q0D, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x0D, \DBUG)
                    If (VGAT)
                    {
                        VSWT ()
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        VSWU ()
                    }
                }

                Method (_Q10, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x10, \DBUG)
                    If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                    {
                        If (LEqual (VGAT, 0x01))
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCD, 0x87)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCD, 0x87)
                        }
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (0x8D, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                        Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local0)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                    }
                }

                Method (_Q11, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                    {
                        If (LEqual (VGAT, 0x01))
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCD, 0x86)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCD, 0x86)
                        }
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (0x11, \DBUG)
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (0x8C, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                        Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local0)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                    }
                }

                Method (_Q15, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x15, \DBUG)
                    Store ("!!! Wireless Button pressed !!!", Debug)
                    Acquire (M723, 0xFFFF)
                    Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                    If (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.DT1I)
                    {
                        Store (0x00, BTLS)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (0x01, BTLS)
                    }

                    Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                    If (LOr (BTSU, WLSU))
                    {
                        If (BTLS)
                        {
                            Store (0x00, BTLS)
                            Store (0x00, GP25)
                            Store (0x04, GP24)
                            Store (0x00, GP26)
                            Store (0x04, GP23)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Store (0x01, BTLS)
                            If (WLSU)
                            {
                                If (WIRE)
                                {
                                    If (WWLS)
                                    {
                                        Store (0x01, GP26)
                                        Store (0x05, GP23)
                                    }
                                }
                                Else
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, GP26)
                                    Store (0x05, GP23)
                                }
                            }

                            If (BTSU)
                            {
                                If (WIRE)
                                {
                                    If (BWLS)
                                    {
                                        Store (0x01, GP25)
                                        Store (0x05, GP24)
                                    }
                                }
                                Else
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, GP25)
                                    Store (0x05, GP24)
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (0x00, BTLS)
                        Store (0x00, GP25)
                        Store (0x04, GP24)
                        Store (0x00, GP26)
                        Store (0x04, GP23)
                    }

                    Release (M723)
                    Store (0x05, \_SB.WMID.Z00P)
                    Store (0x00, \_SB.WMID.Z00Q)
                    Notify (\_SB.WMID, 0x80)
                }

                Method (_Q16, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (QBBB, Local0)
                    If (LEqual (Local0, 0x00))
                    {
                        Store (QPDD, Local0)
                        ShiftRight (Local0, 0x02, Local0)
                        Add (Local0, 0x02, Local0)
                        If (LEqual (Local0, 0x01))
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.QBTN, 0x80)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Local0, 0x02))
                        {
                            Notify (\_SB.DBTN, 0x80)
                        }
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                        {
                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x04))
                            {
                                Store (0x04, \_SB.WMID.Z00P)
                                Store (0x00, \_SB.WMID.Z00Q)
                                Notify (\_SB.WMID, 0x80)
                                Return (0x00)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x05))
                            {
                                Store (0x04, \_SB.WMID.Z00P)
                                Store (0x00, \_SB.WMID.Z00Q)
                                Notify (\_SB.WMID, 0x80)
                                Return (0x00)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x07))
                            {
                                Store (0x04, \_SB.WMID.Z00P)
                                Store (0x00, \_SB.WMID.Z00Q)
                                Notify (\_SB.WMID, 0x80)
                                Return (0x00)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x08))
                            {
                                Store (0x04, \_SB.WMID.Z00P)
                                Store (0x00, \_SB.WMID.Z00Q)
                                Notify (\_SB.WMID, 0x80)
                                Return (0x00)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x10))
                            {
                                Store (0x04, \_SB.WMID.Z00P)
                                Store (0x00, \_SB.WMID.Z00Q)
                                Notify (\_SB.WMID, 0x80)
                                Return (0x00)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x03))
                            {
                                Store (0x04, \_SB.WMID.Z00P)
                                Store (0x00, \_SB.WMID.Z00Q)
                                Notify (\_SB.WMID, 0x80)
                                Return (0x00)
                            }
                        }

                        Store (0x04, \_SB.WMID.Z00P)
                        Store (0x00, \_SB.WMID.Z00Q)
                        Notify (\_SB.WMID, 0x80)
                    }
                }

                Method (_Q80, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store ("_Q80 : Temperature Up", Debug)
                    Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                    Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.RTMP, Local0)
                    Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                    If (LGreater (Local0, 0x57))
                    {
                        Store (\_SB.PSTN, DBUG)
                        Store (\_SB.PSTN, \_PR.CPU0._PPC)
                        Notify (\_PR.CPU0, 0x80)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        If (LLess (Local0, 0x4B))
                        {
                            If (LEqual (Q8EO, 0x00))
                            {
                                Store (0x00, \_PR.CPU0._PPC)
                                Notify (\_PR.CPU0, 0x80)
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }

                Method (_Q81, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store ("_Q81 : Temperature Down", Debug)
                }

                Name (ARG9, 0x00)
                Name (ARG8, 0x00)
                Method (_Q8E, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LLess (\_PR.CPU0._PPC, \_SB.PSTN))
                    {
                        Add (\_PR.CPU0._PPC, 0x01, \_PR.CPU0._PPC)
                        If (LGreater (\_PR.CPU0._PPC, \_SB.PSTN))
                        {
                            Store (\_SB.PSTN, \_PR.CPU0._PPC)
                            Notify (\_PR.CPU0, 0x80)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            If (LEqual (BACU, 0x01))
                            {
                                If (LGreaterEqual (BATT, 0x3A))
                                {
                                    Subtract (BATT, 0x3A, ARG9)
                                    Divide (ARG9, 0x02, ARG8, ARG9)
                                    Add (ARG9, 0x01, ARG9)
                                    If (LLessEqual (ARG9, \_SB.PSTN))
                                    {
                                        Store (ARG9, \_PR.CPU0._PPC)
                                    }
                                    Else
                                    {
                                        Store (\_SB.PSTN, \_PR.CPU0._PPC)
                                    }
                                }
                            }

                            Notify (\_PR.CPU0, 0x80)
                        }
                    }
                }

                Method (_Q8F, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LGreater (\_PR.CPU0._PPC, 0x00))
                    {
                        Subtract (\_PR.CPU0._PPC, 0x01, \_PR.CPU0._PPC)
                        Notify (\_PR.CPU0, 0x80)
                        If (LEqual (\_PR.CPU0._PPC, 0x00))
                        {
                            Store (0x00, Q8EO)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Store (0x01, Q8EO)
                        }
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (0x00, Q8EO)
                    }
                }

                Method (_Q8A, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LIDP)
                    {
                        Store ("_Q8A : Lid Event", Debug)
                        Store (0x00, LIDP)
                    }

                    Notify (\_SB.LID, 0x80)
                }

                Method (VSWT, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store ("Hot-Keys: ----- _Q0C", Debug)
                    If (LEqual (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.SWIT, 0x00))
                    {
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (0x88, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                        Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local0)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                        Store (Local0, CADL)
                        If (LEqual (Local0, 0x10)) {}
                        Else
                        {
                            Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                            Store (0x87, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                            Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local1)
                            Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                            Store (Local1, PSTE)
                            If (LEqual (Local1, 0x09))
                            {
                                Store (Zero, Local1)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local1, 0x05))
                            {
                                Store (0x08, Local1)
                            }

                            Store (Local1, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                            Increment (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                            While (LNotEqual (And (Local0, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF), \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF))
                            {
                                Increment (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                If (LGreater (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF, 0x09))
                                {
                                    Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x0F))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x08, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x02))
                                {
                                    Store (0x08, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x04, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x08))
                                {
                                    Store (0x04, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x03, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x04))
                                {
                                    Store (0x03, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x09, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x03))
                                {
                                    Store (0x09, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x05, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x09))
                                {
                                    Store (0x05, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x05))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x02, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x0D))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x08, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x04, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x08))
                                {
                                    Store (0x04, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x09, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x04))
                                {
                                    Store (0x09, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x05, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x09))
                                {
                                    Store (0x05, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x05))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x08, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x0B))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x08, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x02))
                                {
                                    Store (0x08, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x03, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x08))
                                {
                                    Store (0x03, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x09, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x03))
                                {
                                    Store (0x09, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x09))
                                {
                                    Store (0x02, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x09))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x09, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x08))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x09))
                                {
                                    Store (0x08, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x07))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x02, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x04, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x02))
                                {
                                    Store (0x04, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x03, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x04))
                                {
                                    Store (0x03, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x05, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x03))
                                {
                                    Store (0x05, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x05))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x02, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x03))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x03, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x02))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x03))
                                {
                                    Store (0x02, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x05))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x05, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x04))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x05))
                                {
                                    Store (0x04, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            Sleep (0x03E8)
                            Store (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TOGF, Local0)
                            Store (Local0, CSTE)
                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x01))
                            {
                                Store ("LCD", Debug)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x02))
                            {
                                Store ("CRT", Debug)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x03))
                            {
                                Store ("Both", Debug)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x04))
                            {
                                Store ("TV", Debug)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x05))
                            {
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x08))
                            {
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x09))
                            {
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.TVAF)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.XVR0.VGA, 0x80)
                        }
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                    }
                }

                Method (VSWU, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store ("Hot-Keys: ----- _Q0C", Debug)
                    If (LEqual (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA.SWIT, 0x00))
                    {
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (0x88, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                        Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local0)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                        Store (Local0, CADL)
                        If (LEqual (Local0, 0x10)) {}
                        Else
                        {
                            Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                            Store (0x87, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                            Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local1)
                            Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                            Store (Local1, PSTE)
                            If (LEqual (Local1, 0x09))
                            {
                                Store (Zero, Local1)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local1, 0x05))
                            {
                                Store (0x08, Local1)
                            }

                            Store (Local1, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                            Increment (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                            While (LNotEqual (And (Local0, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF), \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF))
                            {
                                Increment (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                If (LGreater (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF, 0x09))
                                {
                                    Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x0F))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x08, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x02))
                                {
                                    Store (0x08, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x04, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x08))
                                {
                                    Store (0x04, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x03, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x04))
                                {
                                    Store (0x03, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x09, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x03))
                                {
                                    Store (0x09, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x05, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x09))
                                {
                                    Store (0x05, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x05))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x02, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x0D))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x08, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x04, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x08))
                                {
                                    Store (0x04, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x09, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x04))
                                {
                                    Store (0x09, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x05, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x09))
                                {
                                    Store (0x05, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x05))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x08, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x0B))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x08, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x02))
                                {
                                    Store (0x08, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x03, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x08))
                                {
                                    Store (0x03, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x09, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x03))
                                {
                                    Store (0x09, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x09))
                                {
                                    Store (0x02, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x09))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x09, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x08))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x09))
                                {
                                    Store (0x08, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x07))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x02, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x04, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x02))
                                {
                                    Store (0x04, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x03, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x04))
                                {
                                    Store (0x03, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x05, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x03))
                                {
                                    Store (0x05, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x05))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF)
                                    Store (0x02, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x03))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x03, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x02))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x03))
                                {
                                    Store (0x02, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            If (LEqual (CADL, 0x05))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x01))
                                {
                                    Store (0x05, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x04))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, NSTE)
                                }

                                If (LEqual (CSTE, 0x05))
                                {
                                    Store (0x04, NSTE)
                                }
                            }

                            Sleep (0x03E8)
                            Store (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TOGF, Local0)
                            Store (Local0, CSTE)
                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x01))
                            {
                                Store ("LCD", Debug)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x02))
                            {
                                Store ("CRT", Debug)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x03))
                            {
                                Store ("Both", Debug)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x04))
                            {
                                Store ("TV", Debug)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x05))
                            {
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x08))
                            {
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            If (LEqual (Local0, 0x09))
                            {
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.CRTA)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.LCDA)
                                Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.TVAF)
                                Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.UVGA.HDTV)
                            }

                            Notify (\_SB.PCI0.UVGA, 0x80)
                        }
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                    }
                }

                Method (RSBR, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                    {
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (Zero, \_SB.PCI0.SMIS)
                        Store (0x8B, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                        Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local0)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (One, \_SB.PCI0.SMIS)
                        Store (0x8B, \_SB.PCI0.SMIC)
                        Store (\_SB.PCI0.SMIS, Local0)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.PSMX)
                    }
                }

                Method (PRTH, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                    If (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.ACIN)
                    {
                        Acquire (M723, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (ACBN, BRNS)
                        Release (M723)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Acquire (M723, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (BABN, BRNS)
                        Release (M723)
                    }

                    Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                }

                Method (SMRD, 4, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (ECON))
                    {
                        Return (0xFF)
                    }

                    If (LNotEqual (Arg0, 0x07))
                    {
                        If (LNotEqual (Arg0, 0x09))
                        {
                            If (LNotEqual (Arg0, 0x0B))
                            {
                                Return (0x19)
                            }
                        }
                    }

                    Acquire (MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                    Store (0x04, Local0)
                    While (LGreater (Local0, 0x01))
                    {
                        And (SMST, 0x40, SMST)
                        Store (Arg2, SMCM)
                        Store (Arg1, SMAD)
                        Store (Arg0, SMPR)
                        Store (0x00, Local3)
                        While (LNot (And (SMST, 0xBF, Local1)))
                        {
                            Sleep (0x02)
                            Increment (Local3)
                            If (LEqual (Local3, 0x32))
                            {
                                And (SMST, 0x40, SMST)
                                Store (Arg2, SMCM)
                                Store (Arg1, SMAD)
                                Store (Arg0, SMPR)
                                Store (0x00, Local3)
                            }
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Local1, 0x80))
                        {
                            Store (0x00, Local0)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Decrement (Local0)
                        }
                    }

                    If (Local0)
                    {
                        Store (And (Local1, 0x1F), Local0)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x07))
                        {
                            Store (SMB0, Arg3)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x09))
                        {
                            Store (SMW0, Arg3)
                        }

                        If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x0B))
                        {
                            Store (BCNT, Local3)
                            ShiftRight (0x0100, 0x03, Local2)
                            If (LGreater (Local3, Local2))
                            {
                                Store (Local2, Local3)
                            }

                            If (LLess (Local3, 0x09))
                            {
                                Store (FLD0, Local2)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                If (LLess (Local3, 0x11))
                                {
                                    Store (FLD1, Local2)
                                }
                                Else
                                {
                                    If (LLess (Local3, 0x19))
                                    {
                                        Store (FLD2, Local2)
                                    }
                                    Else
                                    {
                                        Store (FLD3, Local2)
                                    }
                                }
                            }

                            Increment (Local3)
                            Store (Buffer (Local3) {}, Local4)
                            Decrement (Local3)
                            Store (Zero, Local5)
                            While (LGreater (Local3, Local5))
                            {
                                GBFE (Local2, Local5, RefOf (Local6))
                                PBFE (Local4, Local5, Local6)
                                Increment (Local5)
                            }

                            PBFE (Local4, Local5, 0x00)
                            Store (Local4, Arg3)
                        }
                    }

                    Release (MUT0)
                    Return (Local0)
                }

                Method (Z00R, 0, Serialized)
                {
                    If (ECON)
                    {
                        Store (SFHK, Local0)
                    }

                    Return (Local0)
                }

                Method (Z00S, 1, Serialized)
                {
                    If (ECON)
                    {
                        Store (Arg0, SFHK)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (SMB0)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x000A0001)
                OperationRegion (SMCF, PCI_Config, 0x48, 0x04)
                Field (SMCF, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    SB48,   4
                }

                OperationRegion (SBA0, PCI_Config, 0x20, 0x04)
                Field (SBA0, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    SB20,   16
                }

                OperationRegion (SBA1, PCI_Config, 0x24, 0x04)
                Field (SBA1, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    SB24,   16
                }

                OperationRegion (SBA2, PCI_Config, 0x7C, 0x04)
                Field (SBA2, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    SB7C,   16
                }

                OperationRegion (P60, PCI_Config, 0x60, 0x02)
                Field (P60, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    PMBR,   16
                }

                OperationRegion (P64, PCI_Config, 0x64, 0x02)
                Field (P64, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    NVSB,   16
                }

                OperationRegion (P68, PCI_Config, 0x68, 0x02)
                Field (P68, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    ANLG,   16
                }
            }

            Device (USB0)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x000B0000)
                Method (_S1D, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (0x01)
                }

                Method (_S3D, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (0x02)
                }

                Device (RH00)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                    Device (PRT0)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                    }

                    Device (PRT1)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x01)
                    }

                    Device (PRT2)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x02)
                    }

                    Device (PRT3)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x03)
                    }

                    Device (PRT4)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x04)
                    }

                    Device (PRT5)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x05)
                        Name (_EJD, "_SB.PCI0.XVR2.X2S0")
                    }

                    Device (PRT6)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x06)
                    }

                    Device (PRT7)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x07)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (USB2)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x000B0001)
            }

            Device (MAC0)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x00140000)
                Name (_PRW, Package (0x02)
                {
                    0x0B, 
                    0x05
                })
            }

            Device (AZA0)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x00100001)
            }

            Device (P2P0)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x00100000)
                Name (_UID, 0x02)
                OperationRegion (A080, PCI_Config, 0x19, 0x01)
                Field (A080, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    SECB,   8
                }

                Method (_BBN, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (SECB)
                }

                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (0x0F)
                }

                Name (_PRT, Package (0x02)
                {
                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0x0005FFFF, 
                        0x00, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LNK1, 
                        0x00
                    }, 

                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0x0005FFFF, 
                        0x01, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LNK2, 
                        0x00
                    }
                })
            }

            Name (NATA, Package (0x01)
            {
                0x000D0000
            })
            Scope (\_SB.PCI0)
            {
                Device (NVRB)
                {
                    Name (_HID, "NVRAIDBUS")
                    Name (FNVR, 0xFF)
                    Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store (0x00, FNVR)
                    }

                    Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        If (LEqual (\_SB.R_ST, 0x01))
                        {
                            If (LEqual (FNVR, 0xFF))
                            {
                                Return (0x0F)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Return (0x0D)
                            }
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Return (0x00)
                        }
                    }

                    Name (_CRS, ResourceTemplate ()
                    {
                        IO (Decode16,
                            0x04D2,             // Range Minimum
                            0x04D2,             // Range Maximum
                            0x01,               // Alignment
                            0x01,               // Length
                            )
                    })
                }
            }

            Device (IDE0)
            {
                Name (SID4, 0x00)
                Name (SID5, 0x00)
                Name (SFLG, 0x00)
                Name (SID0, 0x00)
                Name (SID1, 0x00)
                Name (SID2, 0x00)
                Name (SID3, 0x00)
                Name (_ADR, 0x000D0000)
                OperationRegion (A090, PCI_Config, 0x50, 0x18)
                Field (A090, DWordAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    ID20,   16, 
                            Offset (0x08), 
                    IDTS,   16, 
                    IDTP,   16, 
                    ID22,   32, 
                    UMSS,   16, 
                    UMSP,   16
                }

                Name (IDEP, Buffer (0x14) {})
                Name (IDES, Buffer (0x14) {})
                Method (GTM, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x00))
                    {
                        Store (IDTP, Local0)
                        Store (UMSP, Local1)
                        Store (IDEP, Local2)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (IDTS, Local0)
                        Store (UMSS, Local1)
                        Store (IDES, Local2)
                    }

                    CreateDWordField (Local2, 0x00, PIO0)
                    CreateDWordField (Local2, 0x04, DMA0)
                    CreateDWordField (Local2, 0x08, PIO1)
                    CreateDWordField (Local2, 0x0C, DMA1)
                    CreateDWordField (Local2, 0x10, FLAG)
                    Store (0x10, FLAG)
                    And (Local0, 0x0F00, Local3)
                    And (Local0, 0xF000, Local4)
                    ShiftRight (Local3, 0x08, Local3)
                    ShiftRight (Local4, 0x0C, Local4)
                    Add (Local3, Local4, Local3)
                    Multiply (Add (Local3, 0x02), 0x1E, PIO0)
                    If (LLessEqual (PIO0, 0xB4))
                    {
                        Or (FLAG, 0x02, FLAG)
                    }

                    If (And (Local1, 0x4000))
                    {
                        Or (FLAG, 0x01, FLAG)
                        And (Local1, 0x0700, Local3)
                        ShiftRight (Local3, 0x08, Local3)
                        Store (U2T (Local3), DMA0)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (PIO0, DMA0)
                    }

                    And (Local0, 0x0F, Local3)
                    And (Local0, 0xF0, Local4)
                    ShiftRight (Local4, 0x04, Local4)
                    Add (Local3, Local4, Local3)
                    Multiply (Add (Local3, 0x02), 0x1E, PIO1)
                    If (LLessEqual (PIO1, 0xB4))
                    {
                        Or (FLAG, 0x08, FLAG)
                    }

                    If (And (Local1, 0x40))
                    {
                        Or (FLAG, 0x04, FLAG)
                        And (Local1, 0x07, Local3)
                        Store (U2T (Local3), DMA1)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (PIO1, DMA1)
                    }

                    If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x00))
                    {
                        Store (Local2, IDEP)
                        Return (IDEP)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (Local2, IDES)
                        Return (IDES)
                    }
                }

                Method (U2T, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x00))
                    {
                        Return (0x3C)
                    }

                    If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x01))
                    {
                        Return (0x5A)
                    }

                    If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x02))
                    {
                        Return (0x78)
                    }

                    If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x03))
                    {
                        Return (0x96)
                    }

                    If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x04))
                    {
                        Return (0x2D)
                    }

                    If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x05))
                    {
                        Return (0x1E)
                    }

                    If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x06))
                    {
                        Return (0x14)
                    }

                    Return (0x0F)
                }

                Method (T2U, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0x78))
                    {
                        Return (0x03)
                    }

                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0x5A))
                    {
                        Return (0x02)
                    }

                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0x3C))
                    {
                        Return (0x01)
                    }

                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0x2D))
                    {
                        Return (0x00)
                    }

                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0x1E))
                    {
                        Return (0x04)
                    }

                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0x14))
                    {
                        Return (0x05)
                    }

                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0x0F))
                    {
                        Return (0x06)
                    }

                    Return (0x07)
                }

                Method (T2D, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0x01E0))
                    {
                        Return (0xA8)
                    }

                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0x0186))
                    {
                        Return (0x77)
                    }

                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0xF0))
                    {
                        Return (0x47)
                    }

                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0xB4))
                    {
                        Return (0x33)
                    }

                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0x96))
                    {
                        Return (0x22)
                    }

                    If (LGreater (Arg0, 0x78))
                    {
                        Return (0x21)
                    }

                    Return (0x20)
                }

                Method (STM, 4, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (SX)
                    {
                        Store (SID0, ID20)
                        Store (SID1, IDTS)
                        Store (SID2, IDTP)
                        Store (SID3, ID22)
                        Store (SID4, UMSS)
                        Store (SID5, UMSP)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (ID20, SID0)
                        Store (IDTS, SID1)
                        Store (IDTP, SID2)
                        Store (ID22, SID3)
                        Store (UMSS, SID4)
                        Store (UMSP, SID5)
                    }

                    Store (0x00, SX)
                    CreateDWordField (Arg0, 0x00, PIO0)
                    CreateDWordField (Arg0, 0x04, DMA0)
                    CreateDWordField (Arg0, 0x08, PIO1)
                    CreateDWordField (Arg0, 0x0C, DMA1)
                    CreateDWordField (Arg0, 0x10, FLAG)
                    If (LEqual (Arg3, 0x00))
                    {
                        Store (SID2, Local0)
                        Store (SID5, Local1)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SID1, Local0)
                        Store (SID4, Local1)
                    }

                    If (LNotEqual (PIO0, 0xFFFFFFFF))
                    {
                        And (Local0, 0xFF, Local0)
                        ShiftLeft (T2D (PIO0), 0x08, Local2)
                        Or (Local0, Local2, Local0)
                    }

                    If (LNotEqual (PIO1, 0xFFFFFFFF))
                    {
                        And (Local0, 0xFF00, Local0)
                        Or (Local0, T2D (PIO1), Local0)
                    }

                    If (And (FLAG, 0x01))
                    {
                        And (Local1, 0xFF, Local1)
                        ShiftLeft (T2U (DMA0), 0x08, Local2)
                        Or (0xC000, Local2, Local2)
                        Or (Local2, Local1, Local1)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        If (LNotEqual (DMA0, 0xFFFFFFFF))
                        {
                            And (Local0, 0xFF, Local0)
                            ShiftLeft (T2D (DMA0), 0x08, Local2)
                            Or (Local0, Local2, Local0)
                        }
                    }

                    If (And (FLAG, 0x04))
                    {
                        And (Local1, 0xFF00, Local1)
                        Or (0xC0, T2U (DMA1), Local2)
                        Or (Local2, Local1, Local1)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        If (LNotEqual (DMA1, 0xFFFFFFFF))
                        {
                            And (Local0, 0xFF00, Local0)
                            Or (Local0, T2D (DMA1), Local0)
                        }
                    }

                    If (LEqual (Arg3, 0x00))
                    {
                        Store (Local0, IDTP)
                        Store (Local1, UMSP)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (Local0, IDTS)
                        Store (Local1, UMSS)
                    }
                }

                Method (GTF, 2, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (Buffer (0x07)
                        {
                            0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xA0, 0xEF
                        }, Local0)
                    CreateByteField (Local0, 0x01, MODE)
                    CreateByteField (Local0, 0x05, DRIV)
                    Store (Arg1, DRIV)
                    If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x00))
                    {
                        Store (IDEP, Local1)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (IDES, Local1)
                    }

                    CreateDWordField (Local1, 0x00, PIO0)
                    CreateDWordField (Local1, 0x04, DMA0)
                    CreateDWordField (Local1, 0x08, PIO1)
                    CreateDWordField (Local1, 0x0C, DMA1)
                    CreateDWordField (Local1, 0x10, FLGX)
                    If (LEqual (Arg1, 0xA0))
                    {
                        Store (PIO0, Local2)
                        Store (DMA0, Local3)
                        And (FLGX, 0x01, FLGX)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (PIO1, Local2)
                        Store (DMA1, Local3)
                        And (FLGX, 0x04, FLGX)
                    }

                    Store (FLGX, Local1)
                    If (LGreater (Local2, 0x0186))
                    {
                        Store (0x00, Local2)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        If (LGreater (Local2, 0xF0))
                        {
                            Store (0x01, Local2)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            If (LGreater (Local2, 0xB4))
                            {
                                Store (0x02, Local2)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                If (LGreater (Local2, 0x78))
                                {
                                    Store (0x03, Local2)
                                }
                                Else
                                {
                                    Store (0x04, Local2)
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }

                    Or (0x08, Local2, MODE)
                    Store (Local0, Local2)
                    If (FLGX)
                    {
                        If (LGreater (Local3, 0x5A))
                        {
                            Store (0x00, Local3)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            If (LGreater (Local3, 0x3C))
                            {
                                Store (0x01, Local3)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                If (LGreater (Local3, 0x2D))
                                {
                                    Store (0x02, Local3)
                                }
                                Else
                                {
                                    If (LGreater (Local3, 0x1E))
                                    {
                                        Store (0x03, Local3)
                                    }
                                    Else
                                    {
                                        If (LGreater (Local3, 0x14))
                                        {
                                            Store (0x04, Local3)
                                        }
                                        Else
                                        {
                                            If (LGreater (Local3, 0x0F))
                                            {
                                                Store (0x05, Local3)
                                            }
                                            Else
                                            {
                                                Store (0x06, Local3)
                                            }
                                        }
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                        }

                        Or (0x40, Local3, MODE)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        If (LEqual (Local3, 0xFFFFFFFF))
                        {
                            Return (Local0)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            If (LGreater (Local3, 0x96))
                            {
                                Store (0x00, Local3)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                If (LGreater (Local3, 0x78))
                                {
                                    Store (0x01, Local3)
                                }
                                Else
                                {
                                    Store (0x02, Local3)
                                }
                            }

                            Or (0x20, Local3, MODE)
                        }
                    }

                    Concatenate (Local0, Local2, Local1)
                    Return (Local1)
                }

                Device (PRI0)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                    Method (_GTM, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Return (GTM (0x00))
                    }

                    Method (_STM, 3, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        STM (Arg0, Arg1, Arg2, 0x00)
                    }

                    Device (MAST)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                        Method (_GTF, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Return (GTF (0x00, 0xA0))
                        }
                    }

                    Device (SLAV)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x01)
                        Method (_GTF, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Return (GTF (0x00, 0xB0))
                        }
                    }
                }

                Device (SEC0)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x01)
                    Method (_GTM, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Return (GTM (0x01))
                    }

                    Method (_STM, 3, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        STM (Arg0, Arg1, Arg2, 0x01)
                    }

                    Device (MAST)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                        Method (_GTF, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Return (GTF (0x01, 0xA0))
                        }
                    }

                    Device (SLAV)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x01)
                        Method (_GTF, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Return (GTF (0x01, 0xB0))
                        }
                    }
                }

                Method (DRMP, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (\_SB.R_P0)
                }
            }

            Device (SAT1)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x000F0000)
                Device (PRI0)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                    Name (SPTM, Buffer (0x14)
                    {
                        /* 0000 */    0x78, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0F, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 
                        /* 0008 */    0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 
                        /* 0010 */    0x13, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
                    })
                    Method (_GTM, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Return (SPTM)
                    }

                    Method (_STM, 3, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store (Arg0, SPTM)
                    }

                    Device (MAST)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                        Method (_GTF, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store (Buffer (0x07)
                                {
                                    0x03, 0x46, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xA0, 0xEF
                                }, Local0)
                            Return (Local0)
                        }
                    }
                }

                Device (SEC0)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x01)
                    Name (SSTM, Buffer (0x14)
                    {
                        /* 0000 */    0x78, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0F, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 
                        /* 0008 */    0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 
                        /* 0010 */    0x13, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
                    })
                    Method (_GTM, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Return (SSTM)
                    }

                    Method (_STM, 3, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store (Arg0, SSTM)
                    }

                    Device (MAST)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                        Method (_GTF, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store (Buffer (0x07)
                                {
                                    0x03, 0x46, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xA0, 0xEF
                                }, Local0)
                            Return (Local0)
                        }
                    }
                }

                Method (DRMP, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (\_SB.R_S0)
                }
            }

            Device (SAT0)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x000E0000)
                Device (PRI0)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                    Name (SPTM, Buffer (0x14)
                    {
                        /* 0000 */    0x78, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0F, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 
                        /* 0008 */    0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 
                        /* 0010 */    0x13, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
                    })
                    Method (_GTM, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Return (SPTM)
                    }

                    Method (_STM, 3, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store (Arg0, SPTM)
                    }

                    Device (MAST)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                        Method (_GTF, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store (Buffer (0x07)
                                {
                                    0x03, 0x46, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xA0, 0xEF
                                }, Local0)
                            Return (Local0)
                        }
                    }
                }

                Device (SEC0)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x01)
                    Name (SSTM, Buffer (0x14)
                    {
                        /* 0000 */    0x78, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0F, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 
                        /* 0008 */    0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 
                        /* 0010 */    0x13, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
                    })
                    Method (_GTM, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Return (SSTM)
                    }

                    Method (_STM, 3, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store (Arg0, SSTM)
                    }

                    Device (MAST)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                        Method (_GTF, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store (Buffer (0x07)
                                {
                                    0x03, 0x46, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xA0, 0xEF
                                }, Local0)
                            Return (Local0)
                        }
                    }
                }

                Method (DRMP, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (\_SB.R_S1)
                }
            }

            Device (UVGA)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x00050000)
                Name (SWIT, 0x01)
                Name (CRTA, 0x01)
                Name (LCDA, 0x01)
                Name (TVAF, 0x00)
                Name (HDTV, 0x00)
                Name (TOGF, 0x00)
                Name (BRIP, Package (0x0D)
                {
                    0x5C, 
                    0x2A, 
                    0x14, 
                    0x18, 
                    0x1C, 
                    0x21, 
                    0x26, 
                    0x2A, 
                    0x30, 
                    0x38, 
                    0x42, 
                    0x4E, 
                    0x5C
                })
                Name (Z00U, Package (0x0D)
                {
                    0x64, 
                    0x2A, 
                    0x14, 
                    0x18, 
                    0x1C, 
                    0x21, 
                    0x26, 
                    0x2A, 
                    0x34, 
                    0x3D, 
                    0x48, 
                    0x55, 
                    0x64
                })
                Method (_DOS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store ("VGA --_DOS Arg0", Debug)
                    Store (Arg0, SWIT)
                }

                Method (_DOD, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store ("VGA --_DOD", Debug)
                    Return (Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0x00010100, 
                        0x00010118, 
                        0x00010200, 
                        0x00010121
                    })
                }

                Method (_PS0, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store ("VGA_PS0", Debug)
                }

                Method (_PS2, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store ("VGA_PS2", Debug)
                }

                Method (_PS3, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store ("VGA_PS3", Debug)
                }

                Device (CRT)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x0100)
                    Method (_DCS, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("CRT --_DCS", Debug)
                        If (CRTA)
                        {
                            Return (0x1F)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Return (0x1D)
                        }
                    }

                    Method (_DGS, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("CRT --_DGS", Debug)
                        Store (CRTA, Local0)
                        If (CRTA)
                        {
                            Return (0x01)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Return (0x00)
                        }
                    }

                    Method (_DSS, 1, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("CRT --_DSS", Debug)
                        Store (Arg0, Debug)
                    }
                }

                Device (LCD)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x0118)
                    Method (_DCS, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("LCD --_DCS", Debug)
                        If (LCDA)
                        {
                            Return (0x1F)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Return (0x1D)
                        }
                    }

                    Method (_DGS, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("LCD --_DGS", Debug)
                        Store (LCDA, Local0)
                        If (LCDA)
                        {
                            Return (0x01)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Return (0x00)
                        }
                    }

                    Method (_DSS, 1, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("LCD --_DSS", Debug)
                        Store (Arg0, Debug)
                    }

                    Method (_BCL, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        If (LEqual (PTPE, 0x02))
                        {
                            Return (Z00U)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Return (BRIP)
                        }
                    }

                    Method (_BCM, 1, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store (Arg0, Local0)
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (Local0, \_SB.PCI0.EC0.BRIC)
                        Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.ACIN, Local1)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                        Store (_BCL (), Local2)
                        Store (0x02, Local3)
                        While (LLess (Local3, 0x0D))
                        {
                            If (LEqual (Local0, DerefOf (Index (Local2, Local3))))
                            {
                                If (Local1)
                                {
                                    Subtract (Local3, 0x02, ACBR)
                                }
                                Else
                                {
                                    Subtract (Local3, 0x02, DCBR)
                                }

                                Subtract (Local3, 0x02, CCBR)
                                Store (0x0F, Local3)
                            }

                            Increment (Local3)
                        }
                    }

                    Method (_BQC, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        If (ECON)
                        {
                            Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                            Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.BRIC, Local0)
                            Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                            Return (Local0)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Store (_BCL (), Local1)
                            Return (DerefOf (Index (Local1, CCBR)))
                        }
                    }
                }

                Device (TV)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x0200)
                    Method (_DCS, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("TV --_DCS", Debug)
                        If (TVAF)
                        {
                            Return (0x1F)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Return (0x1D)
                        }
                    }

                    Method (_DGS, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("TV --_DGS", Debug)
                        Store (TVAF, Local0)
                        If (TVAF)
                        {
                            Return (0x01)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Return (0x00)
                        }
                    }

                    Method (_DSS, 1, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("TV --_DSS", Debug)
                        Store (Arg0, Debug)
                    }
                }

                Device (HDMI)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x0121)
                    Method (_DCS, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("HDMI TV --_DCS", Debug)
                        If (HDTV)
                        {
                            Return (0x1F)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Return (0x1D)
                        }
                    }

                    Method (_DGS, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("HDMI TV --_DGS", Debug)
                        Store (HDTV, Local0)
                        If (HDTV)
                        {
                            Return (0x01)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Return (0x00)
                        }
                    }

                    Method (_DSS, 1, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("HDMI TV --_DSS", Debug)
                        Store (Arg0, Debug)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (XVR0)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x00040000)
                Name (_UID, 0x03)
                OperationRegion (A1E0, PCI_Config, 0x19, 0x01)
                Field (A1E0, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    SECB,   8
                }

                Method (_BBN, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (SECB)
                }

                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (0x0F)
                }

                Name (_PRT, Package (0x04)
                {
                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0xFFFF, 
                        0x00, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LK1E, 
                        0x00
                    }, 

                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0xFFFF, 
                        0x01, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LK2E, 
                        0x00
                    }, 

                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0xFFFF, 
                        0x02, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LK3E, 
                        0x00
                    }, 

                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0xFFFF, 
                        0x03, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LK4E, 
                        0x00
                    }
                })
                Device (VGA)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                    Name (SWIT, 0x01)
                    Name (CRTA, 0x01)
                    Name (LCDA, 0x01)
                    Name (TVAF, 0x00)
                    Name (HDTV, 0x00)
                    Name (TOGF, 0x00)
                    Name (BRIP, Package (0x0D)
                    {
                        0x5C, 
                        0x2A, 
                        0x14, 
                        0x18, 
                        0x1C, 
                        0x21, 
                        0x26, 
                        0x2A, 
                        0x30, 
                        0x38, 
                        0x42, 
                        0x4E, 
                        0x5C
                    })
                    Name (Z00U, Package (0x0D)
                    {
                        0x64, 
                        0x2A, 
                        0x14, 
                        0x18, 
                        0x1C, 
                        0x21, 
                        0x26, 
                        0x2A, 
                        0x34, 
                        0x3D, 
                        0x48, 
                        0x55, 
                        0x64
                    })
                    Method (_DOS, 1, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("VGA --_DOS Arg0", Debug)
                        Store (Arg0, SWIT)
                    }

                    Method (_DOD, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("VGA --_DOD", Debug)
                        Return (Package (0x04)
                        {
                            0x00010100, 
                            0x00010118, 
                            0x00010200, 
                            0x00010121
                        })
                    }

                    Method (_PS0, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("VGA_PS0", Debug)
                    }

                    Method (_PS2, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("VGA_PS2", Debug)
                    }

                    Method (_PS3, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Store ("VGA_PS3", Debug)
                    }

                    Device (CRT)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x0100)
                        Method (_DCS, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store ("CRT --_DCS", Debug)
                            If (CRTA)
                            {
                                Return (0x1F)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Return (0x1D)
                            }
                        }

                        Method (_DGS, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store ("CRT --_DGS", Debug)
                            Store (CRTA, Local0)
                            If (CRTA)
                            {
                                Return (0x01)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Return (0x00)
                            }
                        }

                        Method (_DSS, 1, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store ("CRT --_DSS", Debug)
                            Store (Arg0, Debug)
                        }
                    }

                    Device (LCD)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x0118)
                        Method (_DCS, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store ("LCD --_DCS", Debug)
                            If (LCDA)
                            {
                                Return (0x1F)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Return (0x1D)
                            }
                        }

                        Method (_DGS, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store ("LCD --_DGS", Debug)
                            Store (LCDA, Local0)
                            If (LCDA)
                            {
                                Return (0x01)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Return (0x00)
                            }
                        }

                        Method (_DSS, 1, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store ("LCD --_DSS", Debug)
                            Store (Arg0, Debug)
                        }

                        Method (_BCL, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            If (LEqual (PTPE, 0x02))
                            {
                                Return (Z00U)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Return (BRIP)
                            }
                        }

                        Method (_BCM, 1, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store (Arg0, Local0)
                            Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                            Store (Local0, \_SB.PCI0.EC0.BRIC)
                            Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.ACIN, Local1)
                            Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                            Store (_BCL (), Local2)
                            Store (0x02, Local3)
                            While (LLess (Local3, 0x0D))
                            {
                                If (LEqual (Local0, DerefOf (Index (Local2, Local3))))
                                {
                                    If (Local1)
                                    {
                                        Subtract (Local3, 0x02, ACBR)
                                    }
                                    Else
                                    {
                                        Subtract (Local3, 0x02, DCBR)
                                    }

                                    Subtract (Local3, 0x02, CCBR)
                                    Store (0x0F, Local3)
                                }

                                Increment (Local3)
                            }
                        }

                        Method (_BQC, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            If (ECON)
                            {
                                Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                                Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.BRIC, Local0)
                                Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                                Return (Local0)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Store (_BCL (), Local1)
                                Return (DerefOf (Index (Local1, CCBR)))
                            }
                        }
                    }

                    Device (TV)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x0200)
                        Method (_DCS, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store ("TV --_DCS", Debug)
                            If (TVAF)
                            {
                                Return (0x1F)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Return (0x1D)
                            }
                        }

                        Method (_DGS, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store ("TV --_DGS", Debug)
                            Store (TVAF, Local0)
                            If (TVAF)
                            {
                                Return (0x01)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Return (0x00)
                            }
                        }

                        Method (_DSS, 1, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store ("TV --_DSS", Debug)
                            Store (Arg0, Debug)
                        }
                    }

                    Device (HDMI)
                    {
                        Name (_ADR, 0x0121)
                        Method (_DCS, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store ("HDMI TV --_DCS", Debug)
                            If (HDTV)
                            {
                                Return (0x1F)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Return (0x1D)
                            }
                        }

                        Method (_DGS, 0, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store ("HDMI TV --_DGS", Debug)
                            Store (HDTV, Local0)
                            If (HDTV)
                            {
                                Return (0x01)
                            }
                            Else
                            {
                                Return (0x00)
                            }
                        }

                        Method (_DSS, 1, NotSerialized)
                        {
                            Store ("HDMI TV --_DSS", Debug)
                            Store (Arg0, Debug)
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (XVR1)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x00030000)
                Name (_UID, 0x04)
                OperationRegion (A1E1, PCI_Config, 0x19, 0x01)
                Field (A1E1, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    SECB,   8
                }

                Method (_BBN, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (SECB)
                }

                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (0x0F)
                }

                Name (_PRT, Package (0x04)
                {
                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0xFFFF, 
                        0x00, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LK4E, 
                        0x00
                    }, 

                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0xFFFF, 
                        0x01, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LK1E, 
                        0x00
                    }, 

                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0xFFFF, 
                        0x02, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LK2E, 
                        0x00
                    }, 

                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0xFFFF, 
                        0x03, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LK3E, 
                        0x00
                    }
                })
                Device (X1S0)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                }
            }

            Device (XVR2)
            {
                Name (_ADR, 0x00020000)
                Name (_HPP, Package (0x04)
                {
                    0x10, 
                    0x40, 
                    0x01, 
                    0x00
                })
                Name (_UID, 0x05)
                OperationRegion (A1E2, PCI_Config, 0x19, 0x01)
                Field (A1E2, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
                {
                    SECB,   8
                }

                Method (_BBN, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (SECB)
                }

                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Return (0x0F)
                }

                Name (_PRT, Package (0x04)
                {
                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0xFFFF, 
                        0x00, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LK2E, 
                        0x00
                    }, 

                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0xFFFF, 
                        0x01, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LK3E, 
                        0x00
                    }, 

                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0xFFFF, 
                        0x02, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LK4E, 
                        0x00
                    }, 

                    Package (0x04)
                    {
                        0xFFFF, 
                        0x03, 
                        \_SB.PCI0.LK1E, 
                        0x00
                    }
                })
                OperationRegion (PCE1, PCI_Config, 0x90, 0x70)
                Field (PCE1, DWordAcc, Lock, Preserve)
                {
                            Offset (0x08), 
                        ,   3, 
                    BS03,   1, 
                        ,   1, 
                    BS05,   1, 
                        ,   13, 
                    BS19,   1, 
                        ,   2, 
                    EPDS,   1
                }

                Device (X2S0)
                {
                    Name (_ADR, 0x00)
                    Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        If (\_SB.PCI0.XVR2.EPDS)
                        {
                            Return (0x0F)
                        }
                        Else
                        {
                            Return (0x00)
                        }
                    }

                    Method (_RMV, 0, NotSerialized)
                    {
                        Return (0x01)
                    }

                    Name (_EJD, "_SB.PCI0.USB0.RH00.Prt5")
                }
            }
        }

        Device (QBTN)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C32"))
            Name (_UID, 0x01)
            Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                {
                    Return (0x0F)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Return (0x00)
                }
            }

            Method (GHID, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x04))
                {
                    Notify (QBTN, 0x02)
                    Store (0x00, HOTB)
                }

                Return (Buffer (0x01)
                {
                    0x01
                })
            }
        }

        Device (DBTN)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C32"))
            Name (_UID, 0x02)
            Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                {
                    Return (0x0F)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Return (0x00)
                }
            }

            Method (GHID, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x05))
                {
                    Notify (DBTN, 0x02)
                    Store (0x00, HOTB)
                }

                Return (Buffer (0x01)
                {
                    0x02
                })
            }
        }

        Device (MUBN)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C32"))
            Name (_UID, 0x03)
            Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                {
                    Return (0x0F)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Return (0x00)
                }
            }

            Method (GHID, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x03))
                {
                    Notify (MUBN, 0x02)
                    Store (0x00, HOTB)
                }

                Return (Buffer (0x01)
                {
                    0x03
                })
            }
        }

        Device (PIBN)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C32"))
            Name (_UID, 0x06)
            Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                {
                    Return (0x0F)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Return (0x00)
                }
            }

            Method (GHID, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x06))
                {
                    Notify (PIBN, 0x02)
                    Store (0x00, HOTB)
                }

                Return (Buffer (0x01)
                {
                    0x06
                })
            }
        }

        Device (WEBN)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C32"))
            Name (_UID, 0x04)
            Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                {
                    Return (0x0F)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Return (0x00)
                }
            }

            Method (GHID, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x10))
                {
                    Notify (WEBN, 0x02)
                    Store (0x00, HOTB)
                }

                Return (Buffer (0x01)
                {
                    0x04
                })
            }
        }

        Device (LVBN)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C32"))
            Name (_UID, 0x08)
            Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                {
                    Return (0x0F)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Return (0x00)
                }
            }

            Method (GHID, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x11))
                {
                    Notify (LVBN, 0x02)
                    Store (0x00, HOTB)
                }

                Return (Buffer (0x01)
                {
                    0x08
                })
            }
        }

        Device (VOBN)
        {
            Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C32"))
            Name (_UID, 0x07)
            Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (OSYS, 0x07D6))
                {
                    Return (0x0F)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Return (0x00)
                }
            }

            Method (GHID, 0, NotSerialized)
            {
                If (LEqual (HOTB, 0x12))
                {
                    Notify (VOBN, 0x02)
                    Store (0x00, HOTB)
                }

                Return (Buffer (0x01)
                {
                    0x07
                })
            }
        }

        Scope (\)
        {
            Name (PICF, 0x00)
            Method (_PIC, 1, NotSerialized)
            {
                Store (Arg0, PICF)
            }

            OperationRegion (\_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PIRQ, PCI_Config, 0x7C, 0x0C)
            Field (\_SB.PCI0.LPC0.PIRQ, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
            {
                INTW,   4, 
                INTX,   4, 
                INTY,   4, 
                INTZ,   4, 
                INTA,   4, 
                INTB,   4, 
                INTC,   4, 
                INTD,   4, 
                ISCI,   4, 
                ITCO,   4, 
                ISMB,   4, 
                IUS2,   4, 
                INTU,   4, 
                INTS,   4, 
                PSI1,   4, 
                PSI0,   4, 
                IUS0,   4, 
                IUS1,   4, 
                IMAC,   4, 
                IAZA,   4, 
                IACI,   4, 
                IMCI,   4, 
                IPID,   4, 
                ISID,   4
            }
        }

        Scope (\_SB.PCI0)
        {
            Name (BUFA, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                IRQ (Level, ActiveLow, Shared, )
                    {5,7,9,10,11,14,15}
            })
            Name (BUFB, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                IRQ (Level, ActiveLow, Shared, _Y0A)
                    {}
            })
            CreateWordField (BUFB, \_SB.PCI0._Y0A._INT, IRQV)
            Method (CRS, 1, Serialized)
            {
                If (Arg0)
                {
                    ShiftLeft (0x01, Arg0, IRQV)
                }
                Else
                {
                    Store (Zero, IRQV)
                }

                Return (BUFB)
            }

            Method (SRS, 1, Serialized)
            {
                CreateWordField (Arg0, 0x01, IRQ0)
                FindSetRightBit (IRQ0, Local0)
                Decrement (Local0)
                Return (Local0)
            }

            Name (BUFM, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x00000014,
                }
            })
            Name (BUFI, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x00000015,
                }
            })
            Name (BUFU, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x00000016,
                }
            })
            Name (BUFS, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x00000017,
                }
            })
            Name (BUF1, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x00000010,
                }
            })
            Name (BUF2, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x00000011,
                }
            })
            Name (BUF3, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x00000012,
                }
            })
            Name (BUF4, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x00000013,
                }
            })
            Name (BUFF, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x00000005,
                    0x00000007,
                    0x0000000A,
                    0x0000000B,
                    0x0000000E,
                    0x0000000F,
                }
            })
            Name (BUP1, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x00000005,
                }
            })
            Name (BUP2, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x00000007,
                }
            })
            Name (BUFQ, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x0000000A,
                }
            })
            Name (BUFR, ResourceTemplate ()
            {
                Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, )
                {
                    0x0000000B,
                }
            })
            Method (CRSI, 1, Serialized)
            {
                Name (IRZ5, ResourceTemplate ()
                {
                    Interrupt (ResourceConsumer, Level, ActiveHigh, Shared, ,, _Y0B)
                    {
                        0x00000007,
                    }
                })
                CreateWordField (IRZ5, \_SB.PCI0.CRSI._Y0B._INT, INZ5)
                Store (Arg0, Local0)
                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x03))
                {
                    Store (0x10, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x04))
                {
                    Store (0x11, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x06))
                {
                    Store (0x12, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x0C))
                {
                    Store (0x13, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x08))
                {
                    Store (0x14, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x0D))
                {
                    Store (0x15, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x02))
                {
                    Store (0x16, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (Arg0, 0x01))
                {
                    Store (0x17, Local0)
                }

                Store (Local0, INZ5)
                Return (IRZ5)
            }

            Method (SRSI, 1, Serialized)
            {
                CreateWordField (Arg0, 0x05, IRZ6)
                Store (IRZ6, Local0)
                If (LEqual (IRZ6, 0x10))
                {
                    Store (0x03, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (IRZ6, 0x11))
                {
                    Store (0x04, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (IRZ6, 0x12))
                {
                    Store (0x06, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (IRZ6, 0x13))
                {
                    Store (0x0C, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (IRZ6, 0x14))
                {
                    Store (0x08, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (IRZ6, 0x15))
                {
                    Store (0x0D, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (IRZ6, 0x16))
                {
                    Store (0x02, Local0)
                }

                If (LEqual (IRZ6, 0x17))
                {
                    Store (0x01, Local0)
                }

                Return (Local0)
            }

            Device (LNK1)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x01)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (INTW)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, INTW)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUP1)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (INTW))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (INTW))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), INTW)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), INTW)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LNK2)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x02)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (INTX)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, INTX)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUP2)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (INTX))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (INTX))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), INTX)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), INTX)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LNK3)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x03)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (INTY)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, INTY)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFQ)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (INTY))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (INTY))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), INTY)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), INTY)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LNK4)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x04)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (INTZ)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, INTZ)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFR)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (INTZ))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (INTZ))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), INTZ)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), INTZ)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LK1E)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x05)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (INTA)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, INTA)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUF1)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (INTA))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (INTA))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), INTA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), INTA)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LK2E)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x06)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (INTB)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, INTB)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUF2)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (INTB))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (INTB))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), INTB)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), INTB)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LK3E)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x07)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (INTC)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, INTC)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUF3)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (INTC))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (INTC))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), INTC)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), INTC)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LK4E)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x08)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (INTD)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, INTD)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUF4)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (INTD))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (INTD))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), INTD)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), INTD)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LSMB)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x09)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (ISMB)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, ISMB)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFQ)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (ISMB))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (ISMB))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), ISMB)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), ISMB)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LPMU)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x14)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (INTS)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, INTS)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFR)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (INTS))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (INTS))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), INTS)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), INTS)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LUS0)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x0A)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (IUS0)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, IUS0)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFU)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (IUS0))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (IUS0))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), IUS0)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), IUS0)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LUS2)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x0C)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (IUS2)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, IUS2)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFU)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (IUS2))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (IUS2))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), IUS2)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), IUS2)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LMAC)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x0D)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (IMAC)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, IMAC)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFM)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (IMAC))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (IMAC))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), IMAC)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), IMAC)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LAZA)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x0E)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (IAZA)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, IAZA)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFI)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (IAZA))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (IAZA))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), IAZA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), IAZA)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LACI)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x0F)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (IACI)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, IACI)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFI)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (IACI))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (IACI))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), IACI)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), IACI)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LMCI)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x10)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (IMCI)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, IMCI)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFI)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (IMCI))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (IMCI))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), IMCI)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), IMCI)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LPID)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x11)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (IPID)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, IPID)
                    Store (0x00, ISID)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFI)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (IPID))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (IPID))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), IPID)
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), ISID)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), IPID)
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), ISID)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LTID)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x12)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (PSI0)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, PSI0)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFS)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (PSI0))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (PSI0))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), PSI0)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), PSI0)
                    }
                }
            }

            Device (LSI1)
            {
                Name (_HID, EisaId ("PNP0C0F"))
                Name (_UID, 0x13)
                Method (_STA, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (PSI0)
                    {
                        Return (0x0B)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (0x09)
                    }
                }

                Method (_DIS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, PSI1)
                }

                Method (_PRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (BUFA)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (BUFM)
                    }
                }

                Method (_CRS, 0, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Return (CRS (PSI1))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (CRSI (PSI1))
                    }
                }

                Method (_SRS, 1, NotSerialized)
                {
                    If (LNot (PICF))
                    {
                        Store (SRS (Arg0), PSI1)
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Store (SRSI (Arg0), PSI1)
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        Scope (\_TZ)
        {
            Name (TPAS, 0x58)
            Name (TPC, 0x5F)
            Name (TPTM, 0x4B)
            ThermalZone (THRM)
            {
                Method (_CRT, 0, Serialized)
                {
                    Return (Add (0x0AAC, Multiply (TPC, 0x0A)))
                }

                Method (_SCP, 1, Serialized)
                {
                    Store (0x00, CTYP)
                }

                Method (_TMP, 0, Serialized)
                {
                    If (ECON)
                    {
                        Acquire (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0, 0xFFFF)
                        Store (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.RTMP, Local0)
                        Release (\_SB.PCI0.EC0.MUT0)
                        Store ("Current temp is: ", Debug)
                        Return (Add (0x0AAC, Multiply (Local0, 0x0A)))
                    }
                    Else
                    {
                        Return (Add (0x0AAC, Multiply (TPTM, 0x0A)))
                    }
                }

                Method (_PSL, 0, Serialized)
                {
                    Return (Package (0x01)
                    {
                        \_PR.CPU0
                    })
                }

                Method (_PSV, 0, Serialized)
                {
                    Return (Add (0x0AAC, Multiply (TPAS, 0x0A)))
                }

                Method (_TC1, 0, Serialized)
                {
                    Return (0x02)
                }

                Method (_TC2, 0, Serialized)
                {
                    Return (0x03)
                }

                Method (_TSP, 0, Serialized)
                {
                    Return (0x64)
                }
            }
        }
    }

    Scope (\_SB.PCI0.LPC0)
    {
        OperationRegion (RGA0, PCI_Config, 0xA0, 0x04)
        Field (RGA0, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
        {
            COMP,   8, 
            ADIO,   4, 
            MIDS,   4, 
            MSSS,   4, 
            FDCP,   2, 
            ADLB,   1, 
                    Offset (0x03), 
            LPTP,   3, 
                ,   1, 
            DVR0,   1, 
            DVR1,   1, 
            DVR2,   1, 
            DVR3,   1
        }

        OperationRegion (RGA1, PCI_Config, 0xA4, 0x04)
        Field (RGA1, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
        {
            GMPS,   16, 
                    Offset (0x04)
        }
    }

    OperationRegion (CS72, SystemIO, 0x72, 0x02)
    Field (CS72, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
    {
        CI72,   8, 
        CO73,   8
    }

    IndexField (CI72, CO73, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
    {
                Offset (0x22), 
            ,   3, 
        HPBD,   3, 
                Offset (0x9A), 
        BRNS,   4, 
        ACBN,   4, 
        BABN,   4, 
        WLSU,   1, 
        BTSU,   1, 
        IVIK,   2, 
        BTWL,   2, 
        BTLS,   1, 
        BWLS,   1, 
        WWLS,   1, 
                Offset (0x9D), 
        S4FL,   1, 
        SETF,   1, 
        VGAT,   1, 
        LSHK,   1, 
        S4RT,   2, 
        PTPE,   2, 
        BTNS,   1, 
        BTS3,   1, 
                Offset (0xA2), 
        HOTB,   8
    }

    Mutex (M723, 0x00)
    OperationRegion (DBGP, SystemIO, 0x80, 0x01)
    Field (DBGP, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
    {
        DBUG,   8
    }

    OperationRegion (ENEP, SystemIO, 0x0380, 0x04)
    Field (ENEP, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
    {
        P380,   8, 
        P381,   8, 
        P382,   8, 
        P383,   8
    }

    Mutex (M380, 0x00)
    OperationRegion (PM1A, SystemIO, 0x1000, 0x04)
    Field (PM1A, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
    {
            ,   14, 
        PEWS,   1, 
                Offset (0x02)
    }

    OperationRegion (LDTR, SystemIO, 0x10A6, 0x01)
    Field (LDTR, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
    {
        LDTC,   1
    }

    OperationRegion (Z00V, SystemIO, 0x1407, 0x01)
    Field (Z00V, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
    {
        PSMI,   1, 
                Offset (0x01)
    }

    OperationRegion (NVGP, SystemIO, 0x14C4, 0x08)
    Field (NVGP, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
    {
        Z00W,   8, 
        Z00X,   8, 
        Z00Y,   8, 
        Z000,   8, 
        Z001,   8, 
        Z002,   8, 
        Z00Z,   8, 
        Z010,   8
    }

    OperationRegion (NVG1, SystemIO, 0x14D0, 0x08)
    Field (NVG1, ByteAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
    {
                Offset (0x06), 
        GP23,   8, 
        GP24,   8
    }

    Name (RBRF, 0x01)
    Name (L10F, 0x00)
    Name (SCIC, 0x00)
    Name (SCID, 0x00)
    Name (CADL, 0x01)
    Name (PADL, 0x01)
    Name (PSTE, 0x01)
    Name (CSTE, 0x01)
    Name (NSTE, 0x01)
    Name (SSTE, 0x01)
    Name (WMSF, 0x00)
    Name (JMPF, 0x00)
    Name (WIRE, 0x00)
    Name (WLID, 0xFF)
    Name (GP25, 0x01)
    Name (GP26, 0x01)
    Name (WLSS, 0x01)
    Name (WLS2, 0x00)
    Name (S34F, 0x00)
    Name (S34C, 0x00)
    Name (OSYS, 0x07D6)
    Name (CTYP, 0x00)
    Name (DTCN, 0x00)
    Name (\ECON, 0x00)
    Name (FWSO, "FWSO")
}


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 15:59                                                           ` David P. Reed
@ 2008-01-01 16:15                                                             ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-01 16:43                                                               ` Ingo Molnar
                                                                                 ` (2 more replies)
  2008-01-01 17:31                                                             ` Pavel Machek
  1 sibling, 3 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2008-01-01 16:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

> 80 makes me suspicious.)   That might mean that the freeze happens only
> when certain values are written, or when they are written closely in
> time to some other action - being used to communicate something to the
> SMM code).   If there is some race in when Linux's port 80 writes happen
> that happen to change the meaning of a request to the hardware or to
> SMM, then we could be rarely stepping on

That does imply some muppet 'extended' the debug interface for power
management on your laptop. Also pretty much proves that for such systems
we do have to move from port 0x80 to another delay approach.

Ingo - the fact that so many ISA bus devices need _p to mean "ISA bus
clocks" says to me we should keep the _p port 0x80 using variant for old
systems/device combinations (eg ISA ethernet cards) which won't show up
in any problem system (we know this from 15 odd years of testing), but
stop using it for PCI and embedded devices on modern systems.

Alan


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 16:15                                                             ` Alan Cox
@ 2008-01-01 16:43                                                               ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-01 17:32                                                                 ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-01 17:32                                                                 ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 17:32                                                               ` David P. Reed
  2008-01-01 21:15                                                               ` H. Peter Anvin
  2 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2008-01-01 16:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> wrote:

> Ingo - the fact that so many ISA bus devices need _p to mean "ISA bus 
> clocks" says to me we should keep the _p port 0x80 using variant for 
> old systems/device combinations (eg ISA ethernet cards) which won't 
> show up in any problem system (we know this from 15 odd years of 
> testing), but stop using it for PCI and embedded devices on modern 
> systems.

yes, ISA is fragile, and no way do we want to remove the delay, but are 
there strong counter-arguments against doing the clean thing and adding 
an udelay(2) (or udelay(1)) to replace those _p() uses in ISA drivers? 
That removes the global effect once and forever. Initially for 
standalone drivers without early bootup functionality, not platform 
drivers that might need to run before we have calibrated udelay.

if someone runs a fresh new kernel on an ancient device then timings 
_will_ change a bit, no matter what we do. Alignments change, the 
compiler output will change (old compilers get deprecated so a new 
compiler might have to be picked), cache effects change - and this is 
inevitable. The important thing is to not eliminate the delays - but we 
sure dont have to keep them cycle accurate (we couldnt even if we wanted 
to). The only way to get the _exact same_ behavior is to not change the 
kernel at all.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 15:59                                                           ` David P. Reed
  2008-01-01 16:15                                                             ` Alan Cox
@ 2008-01-01 17:31                                                             ` Pavel Machek
  2008-01-01 17:33                                                               ` David P. Reed
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Machek @ 2008-01-01 17:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Alan Cox, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Hi!

> 1. It appears to be a real port.  SMI traps are not happening in the
> normal outb to 80.  Hundreds of them execute perfectly with the expected
> instruction counts.  If I can trace the particular event that creates
> the hard freeze (getting really creative, here) and stop before the
> freeze disables the entire computer, I will.  That may be an SMI, or
> perhaps any other kind of interrupt or exception.  Maybe someone knows
> how to safely trace through an impending SMI while doing printk's or
> something?
> 
> 2. It appears to be the standard POST diagnostic port.  On a whim, I
> disassembled my DSDT code, and studied it more closely.   It turns out
> that there are a bunch of "Store(..., DBUG)" instructions scattered
> throughout, and when you look at what DBUG is defined as, it is defined
> as an IO Port at IO address DBGP, which is a 1-byte value = 0x80.  So
> the ACPI BIOS thinks it has something to do with debugging.   There's a
> little strangeness here, however, because the value sent to the port
> occasionally has something to do with arguments to the ACPI operations
> relating to sleep and wakeup ...  could just be that those arguments are
> distinctive.

Maybe someone just left debugging code in production?

> In thinking about this, I recognize a couple of things.  ACPI is telling
> us something when it declares a reference to port 80 in its code.  It's
> not telling us the function of this port on this machine, but it is
> telling us that it is being used by the BIOS.   This could be a reason
> to put out a printk warning message...   'warning: port 80 is used by
> ACPI BIOS - if you are experiencing problems, you might try an alternate
> means of iodelay.'
> 
> Second, it seems likely that there are one of two possible reasons that
> the port 80 writes cause hang/freezes:
> 
> 1. buffer overflow in such a device.
> 
> 2. there is some "meaning" to certain byte values being written (the
> _PTS and _WAK use of arguments that come from callers to store into port
> 80 makes me suspicious.)   That might mean that the freeze happens only
> when certain values are written, or when they are written closely in
> time to some other action - being used to communicate something to the

There's nothing easier than always writing 0 to the 0x80 to check if
it hangs in such case...?
								Pavel

-- 
(english) http://www.livejournal.com/~pavelmachek
(cesky, pictures) http://atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~pavel/picture/horses/blog.html

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 16:43                                                               ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2008-01-01 17:32                                                                 ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-01 18:45                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-01 17:32                                                                 ` Christer Weinigel
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2008-01-01 17:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

> there strong counter-arguments against doing the clean thing and adding 
> an udelay(2) (or udelay(1)) to replace those _p() uses in ISA drivers? 

#1 udelay has to be for the worst case bus clock (6MHz) while the device
may be at 10Mhz or even 12MHz ISA. So it slows it down stuff
unneccessarily- and stuff that really really is slow enough as is.

#2 Most of the ancient wind up relics with ISA bus don't have a tsc so
their udelay value is kind of iffy.

#3 Not changing it is the lowest risk for a lot of the old ISA code that
never occurs on newer boxes

If we have an isa_inb_p() as a specific statement of "I am doing an ISA
bus dependant delay on ancient crap hardware" then we can avoid the risk
of breakage. We wouldn't use it for non ISA, and certainly not for stuff
like chipset logic which requires a more thorough fix as it occurs on all
kinds of boxes.

> _will_ change a bit, no matter what we do. Alignments change, the 
> compiler output will change (old compilers get deprecated so a new 
> compiler might have to be picked), cache effects change - and this is 
> inevitable. The important thing is to not eliminate the delays - but we 
> sure dont have to keep them cycle accurate (we couldnt even if we wanted 
> to). The only way to get the _exact same_ behavior is to not change the 
> kernel at all.

ISA bus cycles are *slow*, the subtle processor cache and gcc triggered
timing changes are lost in the noise.

Alan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 16:43                                                               ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-01 17:32                                                                 ` Alan Cox
@ 2008-01-01 17:32                                                                 ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 18:46                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Christer Weinigel @ 2008-01-01 17:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

On Tue, 1 Jan 2008 17:43:38 +0100
Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:

> if someone runs a fresh new kernel on an ancient device then timings 
> _will_ change a bit, no matter what we do. Alignments change, the 
> compiler output will change (old compilers get deprecated so a new 
> compiler might have to be picked), cache effects change - and this is 
> inevitable. The important thing is to not eliminate the delays - but
> we sure dont have to keep them cycle accurate (we couldnt even if we
> wanted to). The only way to get the _exact same_ behavior is to not
> change the kernel at all.

What I'm afraid is that udelay will be significantly slower, which
might hit anything that does a lot of gettimeofday calls (poking at the
PIT timer)  on embedded 386/486 systems.  On the other hand, those
systems might not want to upgrade to 2.6 anyway.  

And why do people keep buying HP hardware?  HP seem to be quite
Linux-unfriendly on the desktop [1] and on their laptops.  Apparently
HP doesn't even bother to try Linux on any of their non-server systems.

[1] Try running Linux on a HP DC7700 machine, there seems to be a lot
of magic stuff in those machines that doesn't work well with Linux.
They had some ACPI crap that stopped FC7 from booting without a lot of
magic PCI access options and audio still does not work.  

/Christer

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 16:15                                                             ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-01 16:43                                                               ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2008-01-01 17:32                                                               ` David P. Reed
  2008-01-01 17:38                                                                 ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-01 21:15                                                               ` H. Peter Anvin
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2008-01-01 17:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


Alan Cox wrote:
> That does imply some muppet 'extended' the debug interface for power
> management on your laptop. Also pretty much proves that for such systems
> we do have to move from port 0x80 to another delay approach.
>   
Alan - in googling around the net yesterday looking for SuperIO chipsets 
that claim to support port 80, I have found that "blade" servers from 
companies like IBM and HP *claim* to have a system for monitoring port 
80 diagnostic codes and sending them to the "drawer" management 
processor through a management backplane.   This is a little puzzling, 
because you'd think they would have noticed port 80 issues, since they 
run Linux in their systems.  Maybe not hangs, but it seems unhelpful to 
have a lot of noise spewing over a bus that is supposed to provide 
"management" diagnostics.  Anyway, what I did not find was whether there 
was a particular chipset that provided that port 80 feature on those 
machines.  However, if it's a common "cell" in a design, it may have 
leaked into the notebook market chipsets too.

Anyone know if the Linux kernels used on blade servers have been patched 
to not do the port 80 things?  I don't think this would break anything 
there, but it might have been a helpful patch for their purposes.  I 
don't do blades personally or at work (I focus on mobile devices these 
days, and my personal servers are discrete), so I have no knowledge.

It could be that the blade servers have BIOSes that don't do POST codes 
over port 80, but send them directly to the "drawer" management bus, of 
course.  

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 17:31                                                             ` Pavel Machek
@ 2008-01-01 17:33                                                               ` David P. Reed
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2008-01-01 17:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Machek
  Cc: Alan Cox, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Pavel Machek wrote:
>> 2. there is some "meaning" to certain byte values being written (the
>> _PTS and _WAK use of arguments that come from callers to store into port
>> 80 makes me suspicious.)   That might mean that the freeze happens only
>> when certain values are written, or when they are written closely in
>> time to some other action - being used to communicate something to the
>>     
>
> There's nothing easier than always writing 0 to the 0x80 to check if
> it hangs in such case...?
> 								Pavel
>
>   
I did try that.  Machine in question does hang when you write 0 to 0x80 
in a loop a few thousand times.  This particular suspicion was that the 
problem was caused by the following sort of thing (it's a multi-cpu 
system...)

First, some ACPI code writes "meaningful value" X to  port 80 that is 
sort of a "parameter" to whatever follows.  Just because the DSDT 
disassembly *calls* it the DBUG port doesn't mean it is *only* used for 
debugging.   We (Linux) use it for timing delays, after all...

 then Linux driver writes some random value (!=X) including zero to port 80.

then ACPI writes some other values that cause SMI or some other thing to 
happen,

There are experiments that are not so simple that could rule this 
particular guess out.   I have them on my queue of experiments I might 
try (locking out ACPI).  Of course if the BIOS were GPL, we could look 
at the comments, etc...

I may today pull the laptop apart to see if I can see what chips are on 
it, besides the nvidia chipset and the processor.  That might give a 
clue as to what SuperIO or other logic chips are there.


 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 17:32                                                               ` David P. Reed
@ 2008-01-01 17:38                                                                 ` Alan Cox
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2008-01-01 17:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

> 80 diagnostic codes and sending them to the "drawer" management 
> processor through a management backplane.   This is a little puzzling, 
> because you'd think they would have noticed port 80 issues, since they 
> run Linux in their systems.  Maybe not hangs, but it seems unhelpful to 

Most of the chipsets let you turn it on and off so presumably the BIOS
turns it off before running Linux. Thats certainly done by several
chipsets and we recently had a bug where a BIOS forgot to turn them off
which confused someones parallel port devices.

> Anyone know if the Linux kernels used on blade servers have been patched 
> to not do the port 80 things?  I don't think this would break anything 

I'm not aware of such, or requests for them.

Alan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 17:32                                                                 ` Alan Cox
@ 2008-01-01 18:45                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-01 20:14                                                                     ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 21:07                                                                     ` Alan Cox
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2008-01-01 18:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> wrote:

> > there strong counter-arguments against doing the clean thing and 
> > adding an udelay(2) (or udelay(1)) to replace those _p() uses in ISA 
> > drivers?
> 
> #1 udelay has to be for the worst case bus clock (6MHz) while the 
> #device may be at 10Mhz or even 12MHz ISA. So it slows it down stuff
> unneccessarily- and stuff that really really is slow enough as is.

udelay is supposed to be reliable. If someone runs a new kernel and has 
no TSC (which might happen even on modern hardware or with notsc) _and_ 
finds that udelay is not calibrated well enough then that's a kernel bug 
we want to fix.

> #2 Most of the ancient wind up relics with ISA bus don't have a tsc so
> their udelay value is kind of iffy.

iffy in what way? Again, we might be hiding real udelay bugs.

> #3 Not changing it is the lowest risk for a lot of the old ISA code 
> #that never occurs on newer boxes

Not changing the kernel _at all_ is what is the "lowest risk" option. If 
the kernel is changed, it should be tested - and if we have a buggy 
udelay, that should be fixed - because it could cause many other bugs in 
other drivers.

yes, there are always risks in changing something, but using udelay is a 
common-sense consolidation of code.

> > _will_ change a bit, no matter what we do. Alignments change, the 
> > compiler output will change (old compilers get deprecated so a new 
> > compiler might have to be picked), cache effects change - and this 
> > is inevitable. The important thing is to not eliminate the delays - 
> > but we sure dont have to keep them cycle accurate (we couldnt even 
> > if we wanted to). The only way to get the _exact same_ behavior is 
> > to not change the kernel at all.
> 
> ISA bus cycles are *slow*, the subtle processor cache and gcc 
> triggered timing changes are lost in the noise.

gcc triggered timing changes can easily add up to a LOT more - 
especially if a loop is involved and especially on older hardware. 
Remember, 1 microsecond is just a handful of instructions on real old 
hardware. The kernel's timings are _not_ immutable, never were, never 
will be.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 17:32                                                                 ` Christer Weinigel
@ 2008-01-01 18:46                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-01 19:35                                                                     ` Christer Weinigel
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2008-01-01 18:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Christer Weinigel
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol


* Christer Weinigel <christer@weinigel.se> wrote:

> What I'm afraid is that udelay will be significantly slower, [...]

why should it be significantly slower?

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 18:46                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2008-01-01 19:35                                                                     ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 19:59                                                                       ` Rene Herman
                                                                                         ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Christer Weinigel @ 2008-01-01 19:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

On Tue, 1 Jan 2008 19:46:59 +0100
Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:

> 
> * Christer Weinigel <christer@weinigel.se> wrote:
> 
> > What I'm afraid is that udelay will be significantly slower, [...]
> 
> why should it be significantly slower?

out 80h, al is only two bytes.  Any alternative that has been suggested
in this discussion will use more space.  mov dx, alt_port; out dx, al
will be larger, a function call will definitely be a lot larger. People
have been making changes to the kernel to save a couple of hundred
bytes of text size.

On old hardware (or anything with an ISA bus which I'd guess includes
the Geode SCx200 SoC which is basically a MediaGX processor, a
southbridge and an ISA bus with a Super I/O chip on it) an out to 80h
will use exactly one ISA cycle.  A call to udelay will need a margin,
so it will be slightly slower.  And that's assuming that you can find
out the speed of the ISA bus, if you can't you'll have to assume the
slowest possible bus (6 MHz I guess) which will be a lot slower.

I don't know if the difference in code size or the udelay will be
significantly slower, but I think it might be.

And to take the MediaGX as an example, the TSC is not usable on that
CPU, so Linux has to use the PIT timer for gettimeofday.  As I wrote
in a different post, I believe the PIT on the SCx200 needs outb_p to
work reliably.  So if outb_p becomes significantly slower that will
affect a critical path on a very common embedded CPU.

I'm not sure what Alan meant with his comments about locking, but if
changing outb_p to use an udelay means that we have to add locking,
that is also going to affect the code size and speed.

  /Christer






^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 19:35                                                                     ` Christer Weinigel
@ 2008-01-01 19:59                                                                       ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-01 20:55                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 21:01                                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-01 21:21                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2008-01-01 19:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Christer Weinigel
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 01-01-08 20:35, Christer Weinigel wrote:

> On Tue, 1 Jan 2008 19:46:59 +0100
> Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:
> 
>> * Christer Weinigel <christer@weinigel.se> wrote:
>>
>>> What I'm afraid is that udelay will be significantly slower, [...]
>> why should it be significantly slower?
> 
> out 80h, al is only two bytes.  Any alternative that has been suggested
> in this discussion will use more space.  mov dx, alt_port; out dx, al
> will be larger, a function call will definitely be a lot larger. People
> have been making changes to the kernel to save a couple of hundred
> bytes of text size.
> 
> On old hardware (or anything with an ISA bus which I'd guess includes
> the Geode SCx200 SoC which is basically a MediaGX processor, a
> southbridge and an ISA bus with a Super I/O chip on it) an out to 80h
> will use exactly one ISA cycle.

Not to disagree with the point but more like 8 (1 us at 8 MHz). It's the 
timeout property.

> A call to udelay will need a margin,
> so it will be slightly slower.  And that's assuming that you can find
> out the speed of the ISA bus, if you can't you'll have to assume the
> slowest possible bus (6 MHz I guess) which will be a lot slower.
> 
> I don't know if the difference in code size or the udelay will be
> significantly slower, but I think it might be.

There's also the bit about microseconds being very losely defined pre 
loops_per_jiffy calibration. Per CPU-family init helps somewhat but 
certainly for family 6 (Pentium Pro, II, III -- lots of hardware with ISA 
busses therefore) speeds vary quite a bit still.

> And to take the MediaGX as an example, the TSC is not usable on that
> CPU, so Linux has to use the PIT timer for gettimeofday.  As I wrote
> in a different post, I believe the PIT on the SCx200 needs outb_p to
> work reliably.  So if outb_p becomes significantly slower that will
> affect a critical path on a very common embedded CPU.
> 
> I'm not sure what Alan meant with his comments about locking, but if
> changing outb_p to use an udelay means that we have to add locking,
> that is also going to affect the code size and speed.

Explained here:

http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/12/30/136

However, that's not an argument. Missing locking is a bug, and current outb 
I/O delay use hiding it doesn't change that.

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 18:45                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2008-01-01 20:14                                                                     ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 21:13                                                                       ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-01 21:07                                                                     ` Alan Cox
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Christer Weinigel @ 2008-01-01 20:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

On Tue, 1 Jan 2008 19:45:24 +0100
Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:

> 
> * Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> wrote:
> 
> > > there strong counter-arguments against doing the clean thing and 
> > > adding an udelay(2) (or udelay(1)) to replace those _p() uses in
> > > ISA drivers?
> > 
> > #1 udelay has to be for the worst case bus clock (6MHz) while the 
> > #device may be at 10Mhz or even 12MHz ISA. So it slows it down stuff
> > unneccessarily- and stuff that really really is slow enough as is.
> 
> udelay is supposed to be reliable. If someone runs a new kernel and
> has no TSC (which might happen even on modern hardware or with notsc)
> _and_ finds that udelay is not calibrated well enough then that's a
> kernel bug we want to fix.

How do you find out the speed of the ISA bus?  AFAIK there is no
standardized way to do that.  On the Geode SC2200 the ISA bus speed is
usually the PCI clock divided by 4 giving 33MHz/4=8.3MHz or
30/4=7.5MHz, but with no external ISA devices it's possible to
overclock the ISA bus to /3 to run it at 11MHz or so.  But without
poking at some CPU and southbridge specific registers to find out the
PCI bus speed and the ISA bus divisor you can't really tell.

So if you do udelay based on a 6MHz clock (I think you can safely
assume that any 386 based system runs the ISA bus at least that fast)
you'll waste at least 30% and maybe even 100% more time for the delay
after every _p call.

  /Christer

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 19:59                                                                       ` Rene Herman
@ 2008-01-01 20:55                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 21:24                                                                           ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Christer Weinigel @ 2008-01-01 20:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On Tue, 01 Jan 2008 20:59:20 +0100
Rene Herman <rene.herman@keyaccess.nl> wrote:

> On 01-01-08 20:35, Christer Weinigel wrote:
> 
> > On old hardware (or anything with an ISA bus which I'd guess
> > includes the Geode SCx200 SoC which is basically a MediaGX
> > processor, a southbridge and an ISA bus with a Super I/O chip on
> > it) an out to 80h will use exactly one ISA cycle.
> 
> Not to disagree with the point but more like 8 (1 us at 8 MHz). It's
> the timeout property.

Ah, sorry, you're right of course.

> > I'm not sure what Alan meant with his comments about locking, but if
> > changing outb_p to use an udelay means that we have to add locking,
> > that is also going to affect the code size and speed.
> 
> Explained here:
> 
> http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/12/30/136
> 
> However, that's not an argument. Missing locking is a bug, and
> current outb I/O delay use hiding it doesn't change that.

Thanks, I had missed that one.

Regarding Alan's comment:

>For that matter does anyone actually have video cards old enough for us
>to care actually still in use with Linux today ? 

I'm afraid that some PC104 systems may still use ancient video cards.

  /Christer

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 19:35                                                                     ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 19:59                                                                       ` Rene Herman
@ 2008-01-01 21:01                                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-01 21:26                                                                         ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-01 21:42                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 21:21                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  2 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2008-01-01 21:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Christer Weinigel
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol


* Christer Weinigel <christer@weinigel.se> wrote:

> On Tue, 1 Jan 2008 19:46:59 +0100
> Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:
> 
> > 
> > * Christer Weinigel <christer@weinigel.se> wrote:
> > 
> > > What I'm afraid is that udelay will be significantly slower, [...]
> > 
> > why should it be significantly slower?
> 
> out 80h, al is only two bytes.  Any alternative that has been 
> suggested in this discussion will use more space.  mov dx, alt_port; 
> out dx, al will be larger, a function call will definitely be a lot 
> larger. People have been making changes to the kernel to save a couple 
> of hundred bytes of text size.

i've done dozens of patches that saved much less of text size, so yes, i 
very much care about code size. But it has been stated in this thread 
that most of the _p() API uses in the kernel today are bogus. So 
eventually getting rid of the bogus ones will be a net code size 
_reduction_. (But even that is besides the point, we prefer clean and 
easier to maintain code.)

> I don't know if the difference in code size or the udelay will be 
> significantly slower, but I think it might be.

ok, "I dont know but it might be slower" is a perfectly fine statement 
instead of your original "it will be slower".

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 18:45                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-01 20:14                                                                     ` Christer Weinigel
@ 2008-01-01 21:07                                                                     ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-02 10:04                                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2008-01-01 21:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

> > #1 udelay has to be for the worst case bus clock (6MHz) while the 
> > #device may be at 10Mhz or even 12MHz ISA. So it slows it down stuff
> > unneccessarily- and stuff that really really is slow enough as is.
> 
> udelay is supposed to be reliable. If someone runs a new kernel and has 
> no TSC (which might happen even on modern hardware or with notsc) _and_ 
> finds that udelay is not calibrated well enough then that's a kernel bug 
> we want to fix.

You miss the point entirely. The delay is in bus clocks not CPU clocks,
not tsc clocks not PIT clocks, and it is permitted to vary by a factor of
two. So you'll worst case halve the speed of network packet up/download
even if your udelay is accurate.

> > #2 Most of the ancient wind up relics with ISA bus don't have a tsc so
> > their udelay value is kind of iffy.
> 
> iffy in what way? Again, we might be hiding real udelay bugs.

As you say - its only a few instructions so small udelays tend to be
inaccurate - overlong.

> yes, there are always risks in changing something, but using udelay is a 
> common-sense consolidation of code.

Not for ISA bus hardware. For chipset logic, for PCI yes - for ISA stuff
no. It's all about ISA clocks not wall clocks.

Alan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 20:14                                                                     ` Christer Weinigel
@ 2008-01-01 21:13                                                                       ` Alan Cox
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2008-01-01 21:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Christer Weinigel
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

> How do you find out the speed of the ISA bus?  AFAIK there is no
> standardized way to do that.  On the Geode SC2200 the ISA bus speed is

It is per chipset magic registers. Fun fun fun

> usually the PCI clock divided by 4 giving 33MHz/4=8.3MHz or
> 30/4=7.5MHz, but with no external ISA devices it's possible to
> overclock the ISA bus to /3 to run it at 11MHz or so.  But without

12MHz is valid for ISA although not a good idea - even IBM issued some
systems with 12MHz ISA before discovering many vendors had assumed 8 was
it.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 16:15                                                             ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-01 16:43                                                               ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-01 17:32                                                               ` David P. Reed
@ 2008-01-01 21:15                                                               ` H. Peter Anvin
  2008-01-01 21:35                                                                 ` Rene Herman
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2008-01-01 21:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: David P. Reed, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Alan Cox wrote:
>> 80 makes me suspicious.)   That might mean that the freeze happens only
>> when certain values are written, or when they are written closely in
>> time to some other action - being used to communicate something to the
>> SMM code).   If there is some race in when Linux's port 80 writes happen
>> that happen to change the meaning of a request to the hardware or to
>> SMM, then we could be rarely stepping on
> 
> That does imply some muppet 'extended' the debug interface for power
> management on your laptop. Also pretty much proves that for such systems
> we do have to move from port 0x80 to another delay approach.
> 
> Ingo - the fact that so many ISA bus devices need _p to mean "ISA bus
> clocks" says to me we should keep the _p port 0x80 using variant for old
> systems/device combinations (eg ISA ethernet cards) which won't show up
> in any problem system (we know this from 15 odd years of testing), but
> stop using it for PCI and embedded devices on modern systems.
> 

I have mentioned this before... I think writing zero to port 0xf0 would 
be an acceptable pause interface (to the extent where we need an I/O 
port) except on 386 with 387 present; on those systems we can fall back 
to 0x80.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 15:57                                                           ` David P. Reed
@ 2008-01-01 21:16                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2008-01-01 21:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Alan Cox, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

David P. Reed wrote:
> Alan, thank you for the pointers.  I have been doing variations on this 
> testing theme for a while - I get intrigued by a good debugging 
> challenge, and after all it's my machine...
> 
> Two relevant new data points, and then some more suggestions:
> 
> 1. It appears to be a real port.  SMI traps are not happening in the 
> normal outb to 80.  Hundreds of them execute perfectly with the expected 
> instruction counts.  If I can trace the particular event that creates 
> the hard freeze (getting really creative, here) and stop before the 
> freeze disables the entire computer, I will.  That may be an SMI, or 
> perhaps any other kind of interrupt or exception.  Maybe someone knows 
> how to safely trace through an impending SMI while doing printk's or 
> something?
> 
> 2. It appears to be the standard POST diagnostic port.  On a whim, I 
> disassembled my DSDT code, and studied it more closely.   It turns out 
> that there are a bunch of "Store(..., DBUG)" instructions scattered 
> throughout, and when you look at what DBUG is defined as, it is defined 
> as an IO Port at IO address DBGP, which is a 1-byte value = 0x80.  So 
> the ACPI BIOS thinks it has something to do with debugging.   There's a 
> little strangeness here, however, because the value sent to the port 
> occasionally has something to do with arguments to the ACPI operations 
> relating to sleep and wakeup ...  could just be that those arguments are 
> distinctive.
> 

Dumb question: if you change your iodelay function so it always writes 
zero to port 0x80, does it start working?

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 19:35                                                                     ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 19:59                                                                       ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-01 21:01                                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2008-01-01 21:21                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  2008-01-01 23:05                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-02 10:00                                                                         ` Ingo Molnar
  2 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2008-01-01 21:21 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Christer Weinigel
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Christer Weinigel wrote:
> 
> out 80h, al is only two bytes.  Any alternative that has been suggested
> in this discussion will use more space.  mov dx, alt_port; out dx, al
> will be larger, a function call will definitely be a lot larger. People
> have been making changes to the kernel to save a couple of hundred
> bytes of text size.
> 

If text size becomes a problem in this case, then we can use an 
alternatives-like mechanism to fix up the kernel.  However, 
realistically this probably should be a function call *combined with* 
the out and in; that reduces the impact somewhat.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 20:55                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
@ 2008-01-01 21:24                                                                           ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2008-01-01 21:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Christer Weinigel
  Cc: Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

Christer Weinigel wrote:
> 
>> For that matter does anyone actually have video cards old enough for us
>> to care actually still in use with Linux today ? 
> 
> I'm afraid that some PC104 systems may still use ancient video cards.
> 

PC/104 is actual ISA, not even LPC...

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 21:01                                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2008-01-01 21:26                                                                         ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-01 21:42                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2008-01-01 21:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Christer Weinigel, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

> very much care about code size. But it has been stated in this thread 
> that most of the _p() API uses in the kernel today are bogus. So 

You missed a word "wrongly". It has been "wrongly stated"

I've been going through the ISA cases which are the majority. Generally
speaking they are correct. We have a couple of "interesting" PCI users
who most definitely want udelay() or removal of _p. We have various
chipset cases which want looking at in detail. The ISA drivers however
are both the main user and mostly right.

> ok, "I dont know but it might be slower" is a perfectly fine statement 
> instead of your original "it will be slower".

If you use wall clock timings it will be slower.

Alan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 21:15                                                               ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2008-01-01 21:35                                                                 ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-01 21:44                                                                   ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2008-01-01 21:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 858 bytes --]

On 01-01-08 22:15, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> I have mentioned this before... I think writing zero to port 0xf0 would 
> be an acceptable pause interface (to the extent where we need an I/O 
> port) except on 386 with 387 present; on those systems we can fall back 
> to 0x80.

PII 400 / Intel 440 BX (PIIX4):

rene@6bap:~/port80$ su -c ./portime
out 0x80: 544 cycles
in  0x80: 254 cycles
in  0x61: 254 cycles
out 0xf0: 544 cycles

The Intel PIIX/PIIX3 datasheet specifically mentions that both reads and 
writes at 0xf0 "flow through to the ISA bus".

However, more complete, it says:

"Writing to this register causes the PIIX/PIIX3 to assert IGNNE#. The 
PIIX/PIIX3 also negates IRQ13 (internal to the PIIX). Note that IGNNE# is 
not asserted unless FERR# is active. Reads/writes flow through to the ISA bus".

We don't want the side-effects, do we?

Rene.

[-- Attachment #2: portime.c --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 1513 bytes --]

/* gcc -W -Wall -O2 -o portime portime.c */

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdint.h>

#include <sys/io.h>

#define LOOPS 10000

inline uint64_t rdtsc(void)
{
	uint32_t hi, lo;

	asm ("rdtsc": "=d" (hi), "=a" (lo));

	return (uint64_t)hi << 32 | lo;
}

inline void serialize(void)
{
	asm ("cpuid": : : "eax", "ebx", "ecx", "edx");
}

int main(void)
{
	uint64_t tsc0, tsc1, tsc2, tsc3, tsc4, tsc5;
	uint64_t out80, in80, in61, outf0;
	int i;

	if (iopl(3) < 0) {
		perror("iopl");
		return EXIT_FAILURE;
	}

	asm ("cli");
	tsc0 = rdtsc();
	for (i = 0; i < LOOPS; i++) {
	 	serialize();	
		serialize();
	}
	tsc1 = rdtsc();
	for (i = 0; i < LOOPS; i++) {
		serialize();
		asm ("outb %al, $0x80");
		serialize();
	}
	tsc2 = rdtsc();
	for (i = 0; i < LOOPS; i++) {
		serialize();
		asm ("inb $0x80, %%al": : : "al");
		serialize();
	}
	tsc3 = rdtsc();
	for (i = 0; i < LOOPS; i++) {
		serialize();
		asm ("inb $0x61, %%al": : : "al");
		serialize();
	}
	tsc4 = rdtsc();
	for (i = 0; i < LOOPS; i++) {
		serialize();
		asm ("outb %b0, $0xf0": : "a" (0));
		serialize();
	}
	tsc5 = rdtsc();
	asm ("sti");

	out80 = ((tsc2 - tsc1) - (tsc1 - tsc0)) / LOOPS;
	in80  = ((tsc3 - tsc2) - (tsc1 - tsc0)) / LOOPS;
	in61  = ((tsc4 - tsc3) - (tsc1 - tsc0)) / LOOPS;
	outf0 = ((tsc5 - tsc4) - (tsc1 - tsc0)) / LOOPS;

	printf("out 0x80: %llu cycles\n", out80);
	printf("in  0x80: %llu cycles\n", in80);
	printf("in  0x61: %llu cycles\n", in61);
	printf("out 0xf0: %llu cycles\n", outf0);

	return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 21:01                                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-01 21:26                                                                         ` Alan Cox
@ 2008-01-01 21:42                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 21:42                                                                           ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-01 21:50                                                                           ` H. Peter Anvin
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Christer Weinigel @ 2008-01-01 21:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

On Tue, 1 Jan 2008 22:01:43 +0100
Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:

> > out 80h, al is only two bytes.  Any alternative that has been 
> > suggested in this discussion will use more space.  mov dx,
> > alt_port; out dx, al will be larger, a function call will
> > definitely be a lot larger. People have been making changes to the
> > kernel to save a couple of hundred bytes of text size.
> 
> i've done dozens of patches that saved much less of text size, so
> yes, i very much care about code size. But it has been stated in this
> thread that most of the _p() API uses in the kernel today are bogus.
> So eventually getting rid of the bogus ones will be a net code size 
> _reduction_. (But even that is besides the point, we prefer clean and 
> easier to maintain code.)

And once again, the _p in the code that talks to the PIT is very much
non-bogus.  And it is a critical path that's called a lot.  The i8253
PIT and the i8259 interrupt controller are probably the only ones that
are relevant on a modern machine, and it seems that even some fairly
modern chipsets have limitations on how fast you can drive them.

BTW, I just checked the Intel M8253 data sheet (dead tree variant), and
it says under A.C Characteristics, READ CYCLE:

    Recovery Time Between /READ and Any Other Control Signal: 1 us

So at least for the original M8253 a udelay(1) might be more
appropriate than outb_p, since the delay is not expressed in clock
cycles but absolute time.

The data sheet for the Intel M8259A says:

    End of /RD to Next Command: 300 ns
    End of /WR to Next Command: 370 ns

On the other hand, I don't know how all the i8253/i8259 clones or the
numerous variants of Super I/O chips behave.  It wouldn't surprise me
if some Super I/O chip uses the ISA bus clock to latch the values
internally so that the delay is dependent on the bus frequency instead.

> > I don't know if the difference in code size or the udelay will be 
> > significantly slower, but I think it might be.
> 
> ok, "I dont know but it might be slower" is a perfectly fine
> statement instead of your original "it will be slower".

I didn't say that, I said I'm afraid it will be slower. :-)

  /Christer

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 21:42                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
@ 2008-01-01 21:42                                                                           ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-01 21:50                                                                           ` H. Peter Anvin
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2008-01-01 21:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Christer Weinigel
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin,
	Rene Herman, Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 01-01-08 22:42, Christer Weinigel wrote:

> The data sheet for the Intel M8259A says:
> 
>     End of /RD to Next Command: 300 ns
>     End of /WR to Next Command: 370 ns
> 
> On the other hand, I don't know how all the i8253/i8259 clones or the
> numerous variants of Super I/O chips behave.  It wouldn't surprise me
> if some Super I/O chip uses the ISA bus clock to latch the values
> internally so that the delay is dependent on the bus frequency instead.

I wouldn't even be surprised if most all would...

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 21:35                                                                 ` Rene Herman
@ 2008-01-01 21:44                                                                   ` H. Peter Anvin
  2008-01-01 22:35                                                                     ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-09 17:27                                                                     ` Maciej W. Rozycki
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2008-01-01 21:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
> On 01-01-08 22:15, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> 
>> I have mentioned this before... I think writing zero to port 0xf0 
>> would be an acceptable pause interface (to the extent where we need an 
>> I/O port) except on 386 with 387 present; on those systems we can fall 
>> back to 0x80.
> 
> PII 400 / Intel 440 BX (PIIX4):
> 
> rene@6bap:~/port80$ su -c ./portime
> out 0x80: 544 cycles
> in  0x80: 254 cycles
> in  0x61: 254 cycles
> out 0xf0: 544 cycles
> 
> The Intel PIIX/PIIX3 datasheet specifically mentions that both reads and 
> writes at 0xf0 "flow through to the ISA bus".
> 
> However, more complete, it says:
> 
> "Writing to this register causes the PIIX/PIIX3 to assert IGNNE#. The 
> PIIX/PIIX3 also negates IRQ13 (internal to the PIIX). Note that IGNNE# 
> is not asserted unless FERR# is active. Reads/writes flow through to the 
> ISA bus".
> 
> We don't want the side-effects, do we?
> 

Yes, we do.  It's exactly this side effect which makes this safer than 
either 0x80 or 0xED -- it's a port that *guaranteed* can't be reclaimed 
for other purposes without breaking MS-DOS compatibility.

It's specifically a side effect *we don't care about*, except in the 
by-now-somewhat-exotic case of 386+387 (where we indeed can't use it 
once user code has touched the FPU -- but we can fall back to 0x80 on 
those, a very small number of systems.)  486+ doesn't use this interface 
under Linux, since Linux uses the proper exception path on those 
processors.  If Compaq had wired up the proper signals on the first 386 
PC motherboards, we wouldn't have cared about it on the 386 either.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 21:42                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 21:42                                                                           ` Rene Herman
@ 2008-01-01 21:50                                                                           ` H. Peter Anvin
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2008-01-01 21:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Christer Weinigel
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Christer Weinigel wrote:
> 
> And once again, the _p in the code that talks to the PIT is very much
> non-bogus.  And it is a critical path that's called a lot.  The i8253
> PIT and the i8259 interrupt controller are probably the only ones that
> are relevant on a modern machine, and it seems that even some fairly
> modern chipsets have limitations on how fast you can drive them.
> 

I actually analyzed the case of the PIT in the case of the 
implementation of a real chipset.  In our case, running the PIT at 
1.19318 MHz when the rest of the chipset core was running at 100 MHz 
introduced a huge amount of extra complexity and we really wanted to get 
rid of it.  As it turns out, the PIT interface is ill-defined if run at 
a higher frequency; you can get undefined values as a result of a write 
followed by a read if there is no intervening PIT clock, which of course 
in the standard interface never happens.  So in the end, we had to build 
all the synchronizers, backpressure controls and other crap that went 
along with an additional clock domain.

As a result of that experience, I really don't think you will *ever* see 
a PIT that runs at a modern frequency.

Building a 100 MHz PIC, however, was not a problem, and being able to 
sink accesses at full speed meant we didn't have to implement flow control.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 21:44                                                                   ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2008-01-01 22:35                                                                     ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-01 22:39                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  2008-01-09 17:27                                                                     ` Maciej W. Rozycki
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2008-01-01 22:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1633 bytes --]

On 01-01-08 22:44, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> Rene Herman wrote:
>> On 01-01-08 22:15, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
>>
>>> I have mentioned this before... I think writing zero to port 0xf0 
>>> would be an acceptable pause interface (to the extent where we need 
>>> an I/O port) except on 386 with 387 present; on those systems we can 
>>> fall back to 0x80.
>>
>> PII 400 / Intel 440 BX (PIIX4):
>>
>> rene@6bap:~/port80$ su -c ./portime
>> out 0x80: 544 cycles
>> in  0x80: 254 cycles
>> in  0x61: 254 cycles
>> out 0xf0: 544 cycles
>>
>> The Intel PIIX/PIIX3 datasheet specifically mentions that both reads 
>> and writes at 0xf0 "flow through to the ISA bus".
>>
>> However, more complete, it says:
>>
>> "Writing to this register causes the PIIX/PIIX3 to assert IGNNE#. The 
>> PIIX/PIIX3 also negates IRQ13 (internal to the PIIX). Note that IGNNE# 
>> is not asserted unless FERR# is active. Reads/writes flow through to 
>> the ISA bus".
>>
>> We don't want the side-effects, do we?
>>
> 
> Yes, we do.  It's exactly this side effect which makes this safer than 
> either 0x80 or 0xED -- it's a port that *guaranteed* can't be reclaimed 
> for other purposes without breaking MS-DOS compatibility.

I see that with CR0.NE set (*) we indeed don't care about IGNNE#...

However, I'm worried about this comment in arch/x86/kernel/i8259_32.c

===
/*
  * New motherboards sometimes make IRQ 13 be a PCI interrupt,
  * so allow interrupt sharing.
  */
===

Is it really safe to just blindly negate IRQ13 on everything out there, from 
regular PC through funky embedded thingies?

(*) bit 5:

rene@7ixe4:~/src/local$ ./smsw
msw: 0x3b

Rene.

[-- Attachment #2: smsw.c --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 180 bytes --]

/* gcc -W -Wall -o smsw smsw.c */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdint.h>

int main(void)
{
	uint16_t msw;

	asm ("smsw %0": "=r" (msw));
	printf("msw: %#hx\n", msw);
	return 0;
}

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 22:35                                                                     ` Rene Herman
@ 2008-01-01 22:39                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  2008-01-01 23:11                                                                         ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2008-01-01 22:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

Rene Herman wrote:
>>
>> Yes, we do.  It's exactly this side effect which makes this safer than 
>> either 0x80 or 0xED -- it's a port that *guaranteed* can't be 
>> reclaimed for other purposes without breaking MS-DOS compatibility.
> 
> I see that with CR0.NE set (*) we indeed don't care about IGNNE#...
> 
> However, I'm worried about this comment in arch/x86/kernel/i8259_32.c
> 
> ===
> /*
>  * New motherboards sometimes make IRQ 13 be a PCI interrupt,
>  * so allow interrupt sharing.
>  */
> ===
> 
> Is it really safe to just blindly negate IRQ13 on everything out there, 
> from regular PC through funky embedded thingies?
> 

It's not any IRQ 13, it's IRQ 13 from the FPU.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 21:21                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2008-01-01 23:05                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-01 23:12                                                                           ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-02 10:00                                                                         ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Christer Weinigel @ 2008-01-01 23:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On Tue, 01 Jan 2008 13:21:47 -0800
"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:

> Christer Weinigel wrote:
> > 
> > out 80h, al is only two bytes.  Any alternative that has been
> > suggested in this discussion will use more space.  mov dx,
> > alt_port; out dx, al will be larger, a function call will
> > definitely be a lot larger. People have been making changes to the
> > kernel to save a couple of hundred bytes of text size.
> 
> If text size becomes a problem in this case, then we can use an 
> alternatives-like mechanism to fix up the kernel.  However, 
> realistically this probably should be a function call *combined with* 
> the out and in; that reduces the impact somewhat.

That's a very good point.  So for the PIT it should be possible to have
two clocksources, one with the _p and one without, that one can switch
between with a kernel command line option.  So there shouldn't be any
slowdown at all due to that.

The i8259 init code is not time critical, so should be able to use a
"reasonable" delay.  

Besides the above there are only a handful of _p uses outside of real
ISA device drivers, and those should not be relevant for a modern PC
unless somebody wants to use an 8390 based PCMCIA card, but we could
tell them "don't do that then".

But I'd better shut up and let Alan continue on his review of the _p
use in the drivers.

  /Christer



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 22:39                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
@ 2008-01-01 23:11                                                                         ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-02  0:25                                                                           ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-02  0:55                                                                           ` Christer Weinigel
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2008-01-01 23:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 01-01-08 23:39, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

>>> Yes, we do.  It's exactly this side effect which makes this safer 
>>> than either 0x80 or 0xED -- it's a port that *guaranteed* can't be 
>>> reclaimed for other purposes without breaking MS-DOS compatibility.
>>
>> I see that with CR0.NE set (*) we indeed don't care about IGNNE#...
>>
>> However, I'm worried about this comment in arch/x86/kernel/i8259_32.c
>>
>> ===
>> /*
>>  * New motherboards sometimes make IRQ 13 be a PCI interrupt,
>>  * so allow interrupt sharing.
>>  */
>> ===
>>
>> Is it really safe to just blindly negate IRQ13 on everything out 
>> there, from regular PC through funky embedded thingies?
> 
> It's not any IRQ 13, it's IRQ 13 from the FPU.

Well, on the PIIX it is and I guess on anything where it's _not_ fully 
internal an 0xf0 write wouldn't have any effect on IRQ13...

When you earlier mentioned this it seemed 0xed switched on DMI would be good 
enough, but well.

Alan, do you have an opinion on the port 0xf0 write? It should probably 
still be combined with a replacement/deletion for new machines due to the 
bus-locking "bad for real-time" thing you mentioned earlier but in the short 
run it could be a fairly low-impact replacement on anything except a 386+387

We should do a another timing measurement survey and it makes for sligtly 
worse code if we indeed feel it's not safe enough to write anything other 
than 0, but otherwise it's quite minimal.

Rene.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 23:05                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
@ 2008-01-01 23:12                                                                           ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-02  0:23                                                                             ` Christer Weinigel
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2008-01-01 23:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Christer Weinigel
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

> Besides the above there are only a handful of _p uses outside of real
> ISA device drivers, and those should not be relevant for a modern PC
> unless somebody wants to use an 8390 based PCMCIA card, but we could
> tell them "don't do that then".

We need to build 8390.c twice anyway - once for PCI once for ISA with the
_p changes whichever way it gets done. PCMCIA can use whichever we decide
is right. Anyone know if PCMCIA is guaranteed to be 8MHz ?

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 23:12                                                                           ` Alan Cox
@ 2008-01-02  0:23                                                                             ` Christer Weinigel
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Christer Weinigel @ 2008-01-02  0:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

On Tue, 1 Jan 2008 23:12:50 +0000
Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> wrote:

> > Besides the above there are only a handful of _p uses outside of
> > real ISA device drivers, and those should not be relevant for a
> > modern PC unless somebody wants to use an 8390 based PCMCIA card,
> > but we could tell them "don't do that then".
> 
> We need to build 8390.c twice anyway - once for PCI once for ISA with
> the _p changes whichever way it gets done. PCMCIA can use whichever
> we decide is right. Anyone know if PCMCIA is guaranteed to be 8MHz ?

It's not.  It's perfectly ok to drive a PCMCIA bus slower than that,
IIRC we used a much slower clock speed than that on a StrongARM
platform I worked a couple of years ago.  

The PCMCIA CIS (Card information services) allows the following device
speeds: 100, 150, 200 and 250 ns.  The memory card spec also allows 600
and 300 ns.  The standard I/O card cycle speed is 255 ns.  I believe
that is "the shortest access time for a read/write cycle", and I can't
tell if that is comparable to one ISA clock cycles or if it's
comparable to 8 ISA bus cycles.

On the other hand, there is no clock line in a PCMCIA connector, so for
PCMCIA devices any delays should be absolute times, or based on some
clock that is internal to the card.  How that fits with the 8390 data
sheet talking about bus clocks, I don't know.

  /Christer

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 23:11                                                                         ` Rene Herman
@ 2008-01-02  0:25                                                                           ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-02  0:55                                                                           ` Christer Weinigel
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2008-01-02  0:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek,
	Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 02-01-08 00:11, Rene Herman wrote:

> On 01-01-08 23:39, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> 
>>>> Yes, we do.  It's exactly this side effect which makes this safer 
>>>> than either 0x80 or 0xED -- it's a port that *guaranteed* can't be 
>>>> reclaimed for other purposes without breaking MS-DOS compatibility.
>>>
>>> I see that with CR0.NE set (*) we indeed don't care about IGNNE#...
>>>
>>> However, I'm worried about this comment in arch/x86/kernel/i8259_32.c
>>>
>>> ===
>>> /*
>>>  * New motherboards sometimes make IRQ 13 be a PCI interrupt,
>>>  * so allow interrupt sharing.
>>>  */
>>> ===
>>>
>>> Is it really safe to just blindly negate IRQ13 on everything out 
>>> there, from regular PC through funky embedded thingies?
>>
>> It's not any IRQ 13, it's IRQ 13 from the FPU.
> 
> Well, on the PIIX it is and I guess on anything where it's _not_ fully 
> internal an 0xf0 write wouldn't have any effect on IRQ13...
> 
> When you earlier mentioned this it seemed 0xed switched on DMI would be 
> good enough, but well.
> 
> Alan, do you have an opinion on the port 0xf0 write? It should probably 
> still be combined with a replacement/deletion for new machines due to 
> the bus-locking "bad for real-time" thing you mentioned earlier but in 
> the short run it could be a fairly low-impact replacement on anything 
> except a 386+387
> 
> We should do a another timing measurement survey and it makes for 
> sligtly worse code if we indeed feel it's not safe enough to write 
> anything other than 0, but otherwise it's quite minimal.

Thinking about this, my main worry about 0xf0 as a 0x80 replacement would be 
systems that have elected to _not_ let port 0xf0 writes flow through to ISA 
changing the timing-characteristics. Given that it's a known port, someone 
may have elected to just keep it fully internal.

Upto now the datasheets I've read do put it on ISA...

Rene.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 23:11                                                                         ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-02  0:25                                                                           ` Rene Herman
@ 2008-01-02  0:55                                                                           ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-02  1:00                                                                             ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-02  2:27                                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Christer Weinigel @ 2008-01-02  0:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rene Herman
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman,
	Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On Wed, 02 Jan 2008 00:11:54 +0100
Rene Herman <rene.herman@keyaccess.nl> wrote:

> Well, on the PIIX it is and I guess on anything where it's _not_
> fully internal an 0xf0 write wouldn't have any effect on IRQ13...
> 
> When you earlier mentioned this it seemed 0xed switched on DMI would
> be good enough, but well.
> 
> Alan, do you have an opinion on the port 0xf0 write? It should
> probably still be combined with a replacement/deletion for new
> machines due to the bus-locking "bad for real-time" thing you
> mentioned earlier but in the short run it could be a fairly
> low-impact replacement on anything except a 386+387

Both 0xed and 0xf0 are mapped to internal functions on the AMD Elan
SC400 processor.  It is an AMD 486 based system on a chip and since AMD
just knew that it would never have a math coprocessor, they reused the
0xf0-0xf2 range for the PCMCIA controller.  I guess the AMD Elan SC500
will have similar problems.

I seem to recall that back when I was working with the Elan SC400
(sometime around 1998?) there were discussions about finding an
alternate delay port because outb to 0x80 messed up the debug port.  I
think the Elan stopped those discussions because just about every port
on the Elan was reused for some alternate purpose.  

  /Christer

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-02  0:55                                                                           ` Christer Weinigel
@ 2008-01-02  1:00                                                                             ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-02  2:27                                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2008-01-02  1:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Christer Weinigel
  Cc: H. Peter Anvin, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman,
	Ingo Molnar, Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner,
	linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

On 02-01-08 01:55, Christer Weinigel wrote:

> On Wed, 02 Jan 2008 00:11:54 +0100
> Rene Herman <rene.herman@keyaccess.nl> wrote:
> 
>> Well, on the PIIX it is and I guess on anything where it's _not_
>> fully internal an 0xf0 write wouldn't have any effect on IRQ13...
>>
>> When you earlier mentioned this it seemed 0xed switched on DMI would
>> be good enough, but well.
>>
>> Alan, do you have an opinion on the port 0xf0 write? It should
>> probably still be combined with a replacement/deletion for new
>> machines due to the bus-locking "bad for real-time" thing you
>> mentioned earlier but in the short run it could be a fairly
>> low-impact replacement on anything except a 386+387
> 
> Both 0xed and 0xf0 are mapped to internal functions on the AMD Elan
> SC400 processor.  It is an AMD 486 based system on a chip and since AMD
> just knew that it would never have a math coprocessor, they reused the
> 0xf0-0xf2 range for the PCMCIA controller.  I guess the AMD Elan SC500
> will have similar problems.
> 
> I seem to recall that back when I was working with the Elan SC400
> (sometime around 1998?) there were discussions about finding an
> alternate delay port because outb to 0x80 messed up the debug port.  I
> think the Elan stopped those discussions because just about every port
> on the Elan was reused for some alternate purpose.  

Okay, thanks much. So 0xf0 would be unuseable on 386+387 and AMD Elan SC400 
and could possibly change timing on an unknown number of systems due to not 
being put on the bus.

0x80 only fails for some recent HP laptops instead so it seems there would 
be not enough cause to go with 0xf0 onstead of 0x80 as the default choice; 
if we're quirking around machines anyway it might as well be the DMI based 
quirking currently suggested.

Rene.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-02  0:55                                                                           ` Christer Weinigel
  2008-01-02  1:00                                                                             ` Rene Herman
@ 2008-01-02  2:27                                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2008-01-02  2:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Christer Weinigel
  Cc: Rene Herman, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

Christer Weinigel wrote:
> 
> Both 0xed and 0xf0 are mapped to internal functions on the AMD Elan
> SC400 processor.  It is an AMD 486 based system on a chip and since AMD
> just knew that it would never have a math coprocessor, they reused the
> 0xf0-0xf2 range for the PCMCIA controller.  I guess the AMD Elan SC500
> will have similar problems.
> 
> I seem to recall that back when I was working with the Elan SC400
> (sometime around 1998?) there were discussions about finding an
> alternate delay port because outb to 0x80 messed up the debug port.  I
> think the Elan stopped those discussions because just about every port
> on the Elan was reused for some alternate purpose.  
> 

Yeah, the Elan is not supportable anyway without a CONFIG option (it's 
broken in so many ways), so it doesn't really apply.  It's a fuckwit design.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 21:21                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  2008-01-01 23:05                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
@ 2008-01-02 10:00                                                                         ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2008-01-02 10:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Christer Weinigel, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol


* H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:

> Christer Weinigel wrote:
>>
>> out 80h, al is only two bytes.  Any alternative that has been suggested
>> in this discussion will use more space.  mov dx, alt_port; out dx, al
>> will be larger, a function call will definitely be a lot larger. People
>> have been making changes to the kernel to save a couple of hundred
>> bytes of text size.
>>
>
> If text size becomes a problem in this case, then we can use an 
> alternatives-like mechanism to fix up the kernel.  However, 
> realistically this probably should be a function call *combined with* 
> the out and in; that reduces the impact somewhat.

and that's exactly what x86.git#mm does now.

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 21:07                                                                     ` Alan Cox
@ 2008-01-02 10:04                                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-02 13:11                                                                         ` [linux-kernel] " David P. Reed
  2008-01-02 13:47                                                                         ` Alan Cox
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2008-01-02 10:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> wrote:

> > udelay is supposed to be reliable. If someone runs a new kernel and 
> > has no TSC (which might happen even on modern hardware or with 
> > notsc) _and_ finds that udelay is not calibrated well enough then 
> > that's a kernel bug we want to fix.
> 
> You miss the point entirely. The delay is in bus clocks not CPU 
> clocks, not tsc clocks not PIT clocks, and it is permitted to vary by 
> a factor of two. So you'll worst case halve the speed of network 
> packet up/download even if your udelay is accurate.

ok, you are right. How about we go with one of your suggestions: rename 
the API family to isa_*_p() in the affected ISA drivers? That makes it 
perfectly clear that this is an ISA related historic quirk that we just 
cannot properly emulate in an acceptable fashion. It will also make the 
least amount of changes to these truly historic drivers.

The main maintenance thing we are interested in is to have no subsequent 
new uses of this API and to eliminate these accesses from modern 
hardware - and naming it clearly 'ISA' and making it dependent on 
CONFIG_ISA would likely achieve that purpose.

oh, another thing: there are 100+ mails in this thread while there are 
only 3 mails in the thread that lists 61 not-yet-fixed-in-2.6.24 
regressions:

|  Listed regressions statistics:
|
|  Date          Total  Pending  Unresolved
|  ----------------------------------------
|  Today           139       38          23

which is a sad proportion of attention :-/

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [linux-kernel] Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-02 10:04                                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
@ 2008-01-02 13:11                                                                         ` David P. Reed
  2008-01-02 13:21                                                                           ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-02 13:47                                                                         ` Alan Cox
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: David P. Reed @ 2008-01-02 13:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Alan Cox, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

FYI - another quirky Quanta motherboard from HP, with DMI readings 
reported to me.

-------- Original Message --------
Date: 	Wed, 2 Jan 2008 16:23:27 +1030
From: 	Joel Stanley <joel.stanley@adelaide.edu.au>
To: 	David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com>
Subject: 	Re: [PATCH] Option to disable AMD C1E (allows dynticks to work)



On Dec 30, 2007 1:13 AM, David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com> wrote:
> I have also attached a c program that only touches port 80.  Compile it
> for 32-bit mode (see comment), run it as root, and after two or three
> runs, it will hang a system that has the port 80 bug.

Using port80.c, I could hard lock a HP Pavilion tx1000 laptop on the
first go. This was with ubuntu hardy's stock kernel (a 2.6.24-rc)

> dmidecode -s baseboard-manufacturer
> dmidecode -s baseboard-product-name

Quanta
30BF

Tonight, I will try compiling a kernel with these values added to your patch.

Some history, feel free to ignore if it's not relevant: ubuntu
feisty's 2.6.22 based kernel worked fine, irc. We were having issues
with sound, so tried fedora8's .23 based kernel, but this would
sporadically hard lock. Ubuntu hardy's 2.6.24 appeared fine, for the 2
hours or so I used it last night, until using the port80.c program,
obviously.

Cheers,

Joel



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [linux-kernel] Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-02 13:11                                                                         ` [linux-kernel] " David P. Reed
@ 2008-01-02 13:21                                                                           ` Ingo Molnar
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2008-01-02 13:21 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David P. Reed
  Cc: Alan Cox, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol


* David P. Reed <dpreed@reed.com> wrote:

> FYI - another quirky Quanta motherboard from HP, with DMI readings reported 
> to me.

> Using port80.c, I could hard lock a HP Pavilion tx1000 laptop on the 
> first go. This was with ubuntu hardy's stock kernel (a 2.6.24-rc)
>
>> dmidecode -s baseboard-manufacturer
>> dmidecode -s baseboard-product-name
>
> Quanta
> 30BF

thanks, i've updated the patches in x86.git with this:

+		.callback	= dmi_io_delay_0xed_port,
+		.ident		= "HP Pavilion tx1000",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30BF")
+		}

Find combo patch below.

	Ingo

--------------->
Index: linux-x86.q/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ linux-x86.q/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -785,6 +785,16 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. 
 			for translation below 32 bit and if not available
 			then look in the higher range.
 
+	io_delay=	[X86-32,X86-64] I/O delay method
+		0x80
+			Standard port 0x80 based delay
+		0xed
+			Alternate port 0xed based delay (needed on some systems)
+		udelay
+			Simple two microseconds delay
+		none
+			No delay
+
 	io7=		[HW] IO7 for Marvel based alpha systems
 			See comment before marvel_specify_io7 in
 			arch/alpha/kernel/core_marvel.c.
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
@@ -112,4 +112,78 @@ config IOMMU_LEAK
 	  Add a simple leak tracer to the IOMMU code. This is useful when you
 	  are debugging a buggy device driver that leaks IOMMU mappings.
 
+#
+# IO delay types:
+#
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80
+	int
+	default "0"
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED
+	int
+	default "1"
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY
+	int
+	default "2"
+
+config IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE
+	int
+	default "3"
+
+choice
+	prompt "IO delay type"
+	default IO_DELAY_UDELAY
+
+config IO_DELAY_0X80
+	bool "port 0x80 based port-IO delay [recommended]"
+	help
+	  This is the traditional Linux IO delay used for in/out_p.
+	  It is the most tested hence safest selection here.
+
+config IO_DELAY_0XED
+	bool "port 0xed based port-IO delay"
+	help
+	  Use port 0xed as the IO delay. This frees up port 0x80 which is
+	  often used as a hardware-debug port.
+
+config IO_DELAY_UDELAY
+	bool "udelay based port-IO delay"
+	help
+	  Use udelay(2) as the IO delay method. This provides the delay
+	  while not having any side-effect on the IO port space.
+
+config IO_DELAY_NONE
+	bool "no port-IO delay"
+	help
+	  No port-IO delay. Will break on old boxes that require port-IO
+	  delay for certain operations. Should work on most new machines.
+
+endchoice
+
+if IO_DELAY_0X80
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80
+endif
+
+if IO_DELAY_0XED
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED
+endif
+
+if IO_DELAY_UDELAY
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY
+endif
+
+if IO_DELAY_NONE
+config DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE
+	int
+	default IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE
+endif
+
 endmenu
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_32.c
@@ -276,10 +276,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc_64.c
@@ -269,10 +269,10 @@ static void putstr(const char *s)
 	RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;
 
 	pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;	/* Update cursor position */
-	outb_p(14, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
-	outb_p(15, vidport);
-	outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
+	outb(14, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
+	outb(15, vidport);
+	outb(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
 }
 
 static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_32
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ CPPFLAGS_vmlinux.lds += -Ui386
 obj-y	:= process_32.o signal_32.o entry_32.o traps_32.o irq_32.o \
 		ptrace_32.o time_32.o ioport_32.o ldt_32.o setup_32.o i8259_32.o sys_i386_32.o \
 		pci-dma_32.o i386_ksyms_32.o i387_32.o bootflag.o e820_32.o\
-		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o
+		quirks.o i8237.o topology.o alternative.o i8253.o tsc_32.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile_64
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ obj-y	:= process_64.o signal_64.o entry_
 		x8664_ksyms_64.o i387_64.o syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o \
 		setup64.o bootflag.o e820_64.o reboot_64.o quirks.o i8237.o \
 		pci-dma_64.o pci-nommu_64.o alternative.o hpet.o tsc_64.o bugs_64.o \
-		i8253.o
+		i8253.o io_delay.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-y				+= cpu/
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -0,0 +1,114 @@
+/*
+ * I/O delay strategies for inb_p/outb_p
+ *
+ * Allow for a DMI based override of port 0x80, needed for certain HP laptops
+ * and possibly other systems. Also allow for the gradual elimination of
+ * outb_p/inb_p API uses.
+ */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/dmi.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+int io_delay_type __read_mostly = CONFIG_DEFAULT_IO_DELAY_TYPE;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(io_delay_type);
+
+static int __initdata io_delay_override;
+
+/*
+ * Paravirt wants native_io_delay to be a constant.
+ */
+void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	switch (io_delay_type) {
+	default:
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80:
+		asm volatile ("outb %al, $0x80");
+		break;
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED:
+		asm volatile ("outb %al, $0xed");
+		break;
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY:
+		/*
+		 * 2 usecs is an upper-bound for the outb delay but
+		 * note that udelay doesn't have the bus-level
+		 * side-effects that outb does, nor does udelay() have
+		 * precise timings during very early bootup (the delays
+		 * are shorter until calibrated):
+		 */
+		udelay(2);
+	case CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE:
+		break;
+	}
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_io_delay);
+
+static int __init dmi_io_delay_0xed_port(const struct dmi_system_id *id)
+{
+	if (io_delay_type == CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80) {
+		printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: using 0xed I/O delay port\n",
+			id->ident);
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Quirk table for systems that misbehave (lock up, etc.) if port
+ * 0x80 is used:
+ */
+static struct dmi_system_id __initdata io_delay_0xed_port_dmi_table[] = {
+	{
+		.callback	= dmi_io_delay_0xed_port,
+		.ident		= "Compaq Presario V6000",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30B7")
+		}
+	},
+	{
+		.callback	= dmi_io_delay_0xed_port,
+		.ident		= "HP Pavilion dv9000z",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30B9")
+		}
+	},
+	{
+		.callback	= dmi_io_delay_0xed_port,
+		.ident		= "HP Pavilion tx1000",
+		.matches	= {
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Quanta"),
+			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "30BF")
+		}
+	},
+	{ }
+};
+
+void __init io_delay_init(void)
+{
+	if (!io_delay_override)
+		dmi_check_system(io_delay_0xed_port_dmi_table);
+}
+
+static int __init io_delay_param(char *s)
+{
+	if (!strcmp(s, "0x80"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "0xed"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0XED;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "udelay"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_UDELAY;
+	else if (!strcmp(s, "none"))
+		io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_NONE;
+	else
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	io_delay_override = 1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+early_param("io_delay", io_delay_param);
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
@@ -648,6 +648,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_GENERICARCH
 	generic_apic_probe();
 #endif	
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
@@ -311,6 +311,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 
 	dmi_scan_machine();
 
+	io_delay_init();
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 	/* setup to use the static apicid table during kernel startup */
 	x86_cpu_to_apicid_ptr = (void *)&x86_cpu_to_apicid_init;
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_32.h
@@ -250,10 +250,10 @@ static inline void flush_write_buffers(v
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
-static inline void native_io_delay(void)
-{
-	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
-}
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
+
+extern int io_delay_type;
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT)
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
Index: linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ linux-x86.q/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,20 @@
   *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
   */
 
-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
+extern void native_io_delay(void);
 
+extern int io_delay_type;
+extern void io_delay_init(void);
+
+static inline void slow_down_io(void)
+{
+	native_io_delay();
 #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
 #endif
+}
 
 /*
  * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -50,21 +57,21 @@
 static inline void out##s(unsigned x value, unsigned short port) {
 
 #define __OUT2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1" : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port))
 
 #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
-__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port));} \
+__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); } \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); }
 
 #define __IN1(s) \
 static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;
 
 #define __IN2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0" : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port))
 
-#define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
-__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
+#define __IN(s,s1) \
+__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); return _v; }
 
 #define __INS(s) \
 static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long count) \
Index: linux-x86.q/kernel/sysctl.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ linux-x86.q/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86
 #include <asm/nmi.h>
 #include <asm/stacktrace.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
 #endif
 
 static int deprecated_sysctl_warning(struct __sysctl_args *args);
@@ -683,6 +684,14 @@ static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
 		.mode		= 0644,
 		.proc_handler	= &proc_dointvec,
 	},
+	{
+		.ctl_name	= CTL_UNNUMBERED,
+		.procname	= "io_delay_type",
+		.data		= &io_delay_type,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= &proc_dointvec,
+	},
 #endif
 #if defined(CONFIG_MMU)
 	{

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-02 10:04                                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
  2008-01-02 13:11                                                                         ` [linux-kernel] " David P. Reed
@ 2008-01-02 13:47                                                                         ` Alan Cox
  2008-01-02 15:35                                                                           ` Rene Herman
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Alan Cox @ 2008-01-02 13:47 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman, Paul Rolland,
	Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar, rol

> ok, you are right. How about we go with one of your suggestions: rename 
> the API family to isa_*_p() in the affected ISA drivers? That makes it 
> perfectly clear that this is an ISA related historic quirk that we just 
> cannot properly emulate in an acceptable fashion. It will also make the 
> least amount of changes to these truly historic drivers.

Works for me. We need to build two versions of 8390.c now but thats no
big deal and sorts PCMCIA out too.

> The main maintenance thing we are interested in is to have no subsequent 
> new uses of this API and to eliminate these accesses from modern 
> hardware - and naming it clearly 'ISA' and making it dependent on 
> CONFIG_ISA would likely achieve that purpose.

Agreed - will see if EISA/VLB cases come up but thats trivial.

> oh, another thing: there are 100+ mails in this thread while there are 
> only 3 mails in the thread that lists 61 not-yet-fixed-in-2.6.24 
> regressions:

That would be because I'm trying to stop 100 new extra regressions ;)

Alan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-02 13:47                                                                         ` Alan Cox
@ 2008-01-02 15:35                                                                           ` Rene Herman
  2008-01-02 15:50                                                                             ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2008-01-02 15:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

On 02-01-08 14:47, Alan Cox wrote:

>> ok, you are right. How about we go with one of your suggestions: rename 
>> the API family to isa_*_p() in the affected ISA drivers? That makes it 
>> perfectly clear that this is an ISA related historic quirk that we just 
>> cannot properly emulate in an acceptable fashion. It will also make the 
>> least amount of changes to these truly historic drivers.
> 
> Works for me. We need to build two versions of 8390.c now but thats no
> big deal and sorts PCMCIA out too.

For no binary changes at all, and if going through all those outb_p() users 
anyway, might/could as well just manually split them then:

outb_p() --> outb();
              slow_down_io();

and then just leave out the slow_down_io() call in the non-ISA spots. 
slow_down_io() could be renamed isa_io_delay() or anything (paravirt is a 
little annoying there) if someone cares but then it's a complete identity 
transformation for any driver that does care.

Would IMO also make for a somewhat better API than an isa_outb_p() as 
there's nothing particurly ISA about the outb method itself -- many ISA 
drivers use plain outb() as well.

Rene.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-02 15:35                                                                           ` Rene Herman
@ 2008-01-02 15:50                                                                             ` Rene Herman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: Rene Herman @ 2008-01-02 15:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alan Cox
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, David P. Reed, H. Peter Anvin, Rene Herman,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

On 02-01-08 16:35, Rene Herman wrote:
 > On 02-01-08 14:47, Alan Cox wrote:
 >
 >>> ok, you are right. How about we go with one of your suggestions:
 >>> rename the API family to isa_*_p() in the affected ISA drivers? That
 >>> makes it perfectly clear that this is an ISA related historic quirk
 >>> that we just cannot properly emulate in an acceptable fashion. It
 >>> will also make the least amount of changes to these truly historic
 >>> drivers.
 >>
 >> Works for me. We need to build two versions of 8390.c now but thats no
 >> big deal and sorts PCMCIA out too.
 >
 > For no binary changes at all, and if going through all those outb_p()
 > users anyway, might/could as well just manually split them then:
 >
 > outb_p() --> outb();
 >              slow_down_io();
 >
 > and then just leave out the slow_down_io() call in the non-ISA spots.
 > slow_down_io() could be renamed isa_io_delay() or anything (paravirt is
 > a little annoying there) if someone cares but then it's a complete
 > identity transformation for any driver that does care.
 >
 > Would IMO also make for a somewhat better API than an isa_outb_p() as
 > there's nothing particurly ISA about the outb method itself -- many ISA
 > drivers use plain outb() as well.

Would just need this bit of io.h arch unification from the orignal patch and 
that's it:

diff --git a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
index a037b07..97cb8c6 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/io_64.h
@@ -35,13 +35,20 @@
    *  - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
    */

-#define __SLOW_DOWN_IO "\noutb %%al,$0x80"
+static inline void native_io_delay(void)
+{
+	asm volatile("outb %%al,$0x80" : : : "memory");
+}

+static inline void slow_down_io(void)
+{
+	native_io_delay();
  #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO 
__SLOW_DOWN_IO
-#else
-#define __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO __SLOW_DOWN_IO
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
+	native_io_delay();
  #endif
+}

  /*
   * Talk about misusing macros..
@@ -50,21 +57,21 @@
  static inline void out##s(unsigned x value, unsigned short port) {

  #define __OUT2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("out" #s " %" s1 "0,%" s2 "1" : : "a" (value), "Nd" 
(port))

  #define __OUT(s,s1,x) \
-__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") : : "a" (value), "Nd" (port)); } \
-__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : : "a" (value), "Nd" 
(port));} \
+__OUT1(s,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); } \
+__OUT1(s##_p,x) __OUT2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); }

  #define __IN1(s) \
  static inline RETURN_TYPE in##s(unsigned short port) { RETURN_TYPE _v;

  #define __IN2(s,s1,s2) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0"
+__asm__ __volatile__ ("in" #s " %" s2 "1,%" s1 "0" : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port))

-#define __IN(s,s1,i...) \
-__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w") : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) ,##i ); return _v; } \
-__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w") __FULL_SLOW_DOWN_IO : "=a" (_v) : "Nd" (port) 
,##i ); return _v; } \
+#define __IN(s,s1) \
+__IN1(s) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); return _v; } \
+__IN1(s##_p) __IN2(s,s1,"w"); slow_down_io(); return _v; }

  #define __INS(s) \
  static inline void ins##s(unsigned short port, void * addr, unsigned long 
count) \


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-01 21:44                                                                   ` H. Peter Anvin
  2008-01-01 22:35                                                                     ` Rene Herman
@ 2008-01-09 17:27                                                                     ` Maciej W. Rozycki
  2008-01-09 18:18                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 181+ messages in thread
From: Maciej W. Rozycki @ 2008-01-09 17:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: H. Peter Anvin
  Cc: Rene Herman, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

On Tue, 1 Jan 2008, H. Peter Anvin wrote:

> It's specifically a side effect *we don't care about*, except in the
> by-now-somewhat-exotic case of 386+387 (where we indeed can't use it once user
> code has touched the FPU -- but we can fall back to 0x80 on those, a very
> small number of systems.)  486+ doesn't use this interface under Linux, since
> Linux uses the proper exception path on those processors.  If Compaq had wired
> up the proper signals on the first 386 PC motherboards, we wouldn't have cared
> about it on the 386 either.

 It was actually IBM who broke it with the 80286-based PC/AT because of 
the BIOS compatibility -- the vector #0x10 had already been claimed by the 
original PC for the video software interrupt call (apparently against 
Intel's recommendation not to use low 32 interrupt vectors for such 
purposes), so it could not have been reused as is for FP exception 
handling without breaking existing software.  I suppose a more complicated 
piece of glue logic could have been used along the lines of what 
eventually went into the i486, but presumably the relatively low level of 
integration of the PC/AT made such additional circuits hard to justify 
even if it indeed was considered.

  Maciej

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override.
  2008-01-09 17:27                                                                     ` Maciej W. Rozycki
@ 2008-01-09 18:18                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 181+ messages in thread
From: H. Peter Anvin @ 2008-01-09 18:18 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Maciej W. Rozycki
  Cc: Rene Herman, Alan Cox, David P. Reed, Rene Herman, Ingo Molnar,
	Paul Rolland, Pavel Machek, Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel,
	Ingo Molnar, rol

Maciej W. Rozycki wrote:
> On Tue, 1 Jan 2008, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> 
>> It's specifically a side effect *we don't care about*, except in the
>> by-now-somewhat-exotic case of 386+387 (where we indeed can't use it once user
>> code has touched the FPU -- but we can fall back to 0x80 on those, a very
>> small number of systems.)  486+ doesn't use this interface under Linux, since
>> Linux uses the proper exception path on those processors.  If Compaq had wired
>> up the proper signals on the first 386 PC motherboards, we wouldn't have cared
>> about it on the 386 either.
> 
>  It was actually IBM who broke it with the 80286-based PC/AT because of 
> the BIOS compatibility -- the vector #0x10 had already been claimed by the 
> original PC for the video software interrupt call (apparently against 
> Intel's recommendation not to use low 32 interrupt vectors for such 
> purposes), so it could not have been reused as is for FP exception 
> handling without breaking existing software.  I suppose a more complicated 
> piece of glue logic could have been used along the lines of what 
> eventually went into the i486, but presumably the relatively low level of 
> integration of the PC/AT made such additional circuits hard to justify 
> even if it indeed was considered.
> 

Supposedly the reason was that the DOS-less "cassette BASIC" delivered 
by Microsoft used all the INT instructions except the reserved ones as a 
weird bytecode interpreter.  Bill Gates was fond of that kind of hacks.

	-hpa

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 181+ messages in thread

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     [not found]             ` <469697C6.50903@reed.com>
     [not found]               ` <1184274754.12353.254.camel@chaos>
2007-11-12 16:55                 ` [PATCH] x86: fix locking and sync bugs in x86_64 RTC code in time_64.c David P. Reed
2007-11-14  7:49                   ` Thomas Gleixner
2007-11-14 13:10                     ` David P. Reed
2007-11-14 18:26                       ` Matt Mackall
2007-11-14 21:22                         ` David P. Reed
2007-11-12 17:02                 ` [PATCH] time: fix typo that makes sync_cmos_clock erratic David P. Reed
2007-11-14  7:57                   ` Thomas Gleixner
2007-11-12 19:19                 ` David P. Reed
2007-11-14 22:47                 ` [PATCH] x86: fix freeze in x86_64 RTC update code in time_64.c David P. Reed
2007-11-14 22:49                 ` [PATCH] time: fix typo that makes sync_cmos_clock erratic David P. Reed
2007-11-15  1:14                 ` [PATCH] x86: on x86_64, correct reading of PC RTC when update in progress in time_64.c David P. Reed
2007-11-15 19:33                   ` Thomas Gleixner
2007-11-15 20:31                     ` David P. Reed
2007-11-15 22:17                       ` Thomas Gleixner
2007-12-14  2:59                 ` [PATCH] x86_64: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc David P. Reed
2007-12-14  7:49                   ` Yinghai Lu
2007-12-14  9:45                   ` Rene Herman
2007-12-14 14:23                     ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-14 14:36                       ` Rene Herman
2007-12-14 14:46                         ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-14 14:56                           ` Rene Herman
2007-12-14 18:36                             ` Alan Cox
2007-12-14 18:48                               ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-14 21:05                               ` Pavel Machek
2007-12-15 22:59                       ` Pavel Machek
2007-12-14 10:51                   ` Andi Kleen
2007-12-14 11:11                     ` David P. Reed
2007-12-14 13:15                   ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-14 13:24                     ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-14 13:47                       ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-14 14:41                         ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-14 13:42                     ` Rene Herman
2007-12-14 14:03                       ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-14 14:10                         ` Rene Herman
2007-12-14 14:21                           ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-14 18:02                     ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-14 18:23                       ` Rene Herman
2007-12-14 21:06                       ` Pavel Machek
2007-12-14 22:13                         ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-14 23:29                           ` Alan Cox
2007-12-15  3:04                             ` David P. Reed
2007-12-15  5:45                               ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-15 17:17                                 ` David P. Reed
2007-12-15 17:46                                   ` Alan Cox
2007-12-17 22:50                                     ` Jan Engelhardt
2007-12-17 22:52                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-15  8:08                             ` Paul Rolland
2007-12-15  8:13                               ` Rene Herman
2007-12-15 20:27                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-15 23:26                                   ` [PATCH] x86: " Rene Herman
2007-12-15 23:51                                     ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-16  0:05                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-16 13:15                                       ` [PATCH] x86: provide a DMI based port 0x80 I/O delay override Rene Herman
2007-12-16 15:22                                         ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-17  1:43                                           ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17  2:05                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-17  2:19                                               ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17  3:35                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-17 13:02                                                   ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17 17:14                                                     ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-17 19:43                                                       ` David P. Reed
2007-12-17 19:55                                                         ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-17 21:02                                                           ` David P. Reed
2007-12-17 21:17                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-17 21:25                                                         ` Alan Cox
2008-01-01 15:57                                                           ` David P. Reed
2008-01-01 21:16                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-01-01 15:59                                                           ` David P. Reed
2008-01-01 16:15                                                             ` Alan Cox
2008-01-01 16:43                                                               ` Ingo Molnar
2008-01-01 17:32                                                                 ` Alan Cox
2008-01-01 18:45                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
2008-01-01 20:14                                                                     ` Christer Weinigel
2008-01-01 21:13                                                                       ` Alan Cox
2008-01-01 21:07                                                                     ` Alan Cox
2008-01-02 10:04                                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
2008-01-02 13:11                                                                         ` [linux-kernel] " David P. Reed
2008-01-02 13:21                                                                           ` Ingo Molnar
2008-01-02 13:47                                                                         ` Alan Cox
2008-01-02 15:35                                                                           ` Rene Herman
2008-01-02 15:50                                                                             ` Rene Herman
2008-01-01 17:32                                                                 ` Christer Weinigel
2008-01-01 18:46                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
2008-01-01 19:35                                                                     ` Christer Weinigel
2008-01-01 19:59                                                                       ` Rene Herman
2008-01-01 20:55                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
2008-01-01 21:24                                                                           ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-01-01 21:01                                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
2008-01-01 21:26                                                                         ` Alan Cox
2008-01-01 21:42                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
2008-01-01 21:42                                                                           ` Rene Herman
2008-01-01 21:50                                                                           ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-01-01 21:21                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-01-01 23:05                                                                         ` Christer Weinigel
2008-01-01 23:12                                                                           ` Alan Cox
2008-01-02  0:23                                                                             ` Christer Weinigel
2008-01-02 10:00                                                                         ` Ingo Molnar
2008-01-01 17:32                                                               ` David P. Reed
2008-01-01 17:38                                                                 ` Alan Cox
2008-01-01 21:15                                                               ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-01-01 21:35                                                                 ` Rene Herman
2008-01-01 21:44                                                                   ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-01-01 22:35                                                                     ` Rene Herman
2008-01-01 22:39                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-01-01 23:11                                                                         ` Rene Herman
2008-01-02  0:25                                                                           ` Rene Herman
2008-01-02  0:55                                                                           ` Christer Weinigel
2008-01-02  1:00                                                                             ` Rene Herman
2008-01-02  2:27                                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-01-09 17:27                                                                     ` Maciej W. Rozycki
2008-01-09 18:18                                                                       ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-01-01 17:31                                                             ` Pavel Machek
2008-01-01 17:33                                                               ` David P. Reed
2007-12-17  4:09                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-17 10:57                                             ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-17 11:29                                               ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-17 13:34                                                 ` David P. Reed
2007-12-17 12:15                                               ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17 13:09                                                 ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-17 13:22                                                   ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17 13:31                                                     ` Pavel Machek
2007-12-17 13:31                                                       ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17 13:32                                                     ` David P. Reed
2007-12-17 13:36                                                       ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17 14:39                                                       ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-17 16:12                                                         ` Alan Cox
2007-12-17 16:48                                                           ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-17 20:48                                                           ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17 20:57                                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-17 21:33                                                               ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17 21:40                                                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-17 21:46                                                                   ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-17 21:50                                                                   ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17 21:41                                                             ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-17 21:47                                                               ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17 21:56                                                                 ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-17 22:01                                                                   ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17 22:18                                                                     ` David P. Reed
2007-12-17 19:38                                                         ` David P. Reed
2007-12-17 19:55                                                           ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-17 21:28                                                           ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-16 21:42                                         ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-17  1:48                                           ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17  1:53                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-16 23:12                                         ` David P. Reed
2007-12-17  1:56                                           ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17  2:04                                             ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-17  2:15                                               ` Rene Herman
2007-12-16  0:23                                     ` [PATCH] x86: fix problems due to use of "outb" to port 80 on some AMD64x2 laptops, etc David P. Reed
2007-12-15 20:26                               ` [PATCH] x86_64: " H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-15 22:55                                 ` Pavel Machek
2007-12-16  9:27                                 ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-17 21:04                             ` Rene Herman
2007-12-17 23:20                               ` Pavel Machek
2007-12-18  0:06                                 ` Alan Cox
2007-12-18 15:49                                   ` Lennart Sorensen
2007-12-17 22:46                           ` Jan Engelhardt
2007-12-15  7:43                       ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-15  7:58                         ` Rene Herman
2007-12-15 13:27                           ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-15 14:01                             ` Rene Herman
2007-12-15 20:25                               ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-15 14:29                             ` Alan Cox
2007-12-15 16:19                               ` David P. Reed
2007-12-15 16:48                                 ` Mark Lord
2007-12-15 17:51                                 ` Alan Cox
2007-12-15 23:00                     ` Pavel Machek
2007-12-15 23:04                       ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-16  9:40                         ` Ingo Molnar
2007-12-16 21:43                           ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-16 23:06                             ` David P. Reed
2007-12-16 23:23                               ` Pavel Machek
2007-12-16 23:34                                 ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-26 20:49                                   ` Pavel Machek
2007-12-17  1:51                             ` Rene Herman
2007-12-14 16:08                   ` Avi Kivity
2007-12-15  2:13                     ` David P. Reed
2007-12-15  2:20                       ` H. Peter Anvin
2007-12-17 18:14                       ` linux-os (Dick Johnson)
2007-12-17 18:54                         ` Rene Herman
2007-12-19 15:03                       ` Avi Kivity

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