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From: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
To: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Cc: <kvm@vger.kernel.org>, <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	<cohuck@redhat.com>, <pasic@linux.ibm.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 1/2] vfio/mdev: Check globally for duplicate devices
Date: Sat, 19 May 2018 01:07:55 +0530	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <ce29e209-8b6d-5fcd-6340-cfadccde9bb8@nvidia.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20180518191025.3187.29141.stgit@gimli.home>



On 5/19/2018 12:40 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> When we create an mdev device, we check for duplicates against the
> parent device and return -EEXIST if found, but the mdev device
> namespace is global since we'll link all devices from the bus.  We do
> catch this later in sysfs_do_create_link_sd() to return -EEXIST, but
> with it comes a kernel warning and stack trace for trying to create
> duplicate sysfs links, which makes it an undesirable response.
> 
> Therefore we should really be looking for duplicates across all mdev
> parent devices, or as implemented here, against our mdev device list.
> Using mdev_list to prevent duplicates means that we can remove
> mdev_parent.lock, but in order not to serialize mdev device creation
> and removal globally, we add mdev_device.active which allows UUIDs to
> be reserved such that we can drop the mdev_list_lock before the mdev
> device is fully in place.
> 
> Two behavioral notes; first, mdev_parent.lock had the side-effect of
> serializing mdev create and remove ops per parent device.  This was
> an implementation detail, not an intentional guarantee provided to
> the mdev vendor drivers.  Vendor drivers can trivially provide this
> serialization internally if necessary.  Second, review comments note
> the new -EAGAIN behavior when the device, and in particular the remove
> attribute, becomes visible in sysfs.  If a remove is triggered prior
> to completion of mdev_device_create() the user will see a -EAGAIN
> error.  While the errno is different, receiving an error during this
> period is not, the previous implementation returned -ENODEV for the
> same condition.  Furthermore, the consistency to the user is improved
> in the case where mdev_device_remove_ops() returns error.  Previously
> concurrent calls to mdev_device_remove() could see the device
> disappear with -ENODEV and return in the case of error.  Now a user
> would see -EAGAIN while the device is in this transitory state.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>

Looks good to me.

Reviewed by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>

> ---
>  Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt |    5 ++
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c          |  102 +++++++++++---------------------
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h       |    2 -
>  3 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 67 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt b/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
> index 1b3950346532..c3f69bcaf96e 100644
> --- a/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
> @@ -145,6 +145,11 @@ The functions in the mdev_parent_ops structure are as follows:
>  * create: allocate basic resources in a driver for a mediated device
>  * remove: free resources in a driver when a mediated device is destroyed
>  
> +(Note that mdev-core provides no implicit serialization of create/remove
> +callbacks per mdev parent device, per mdev type, or any other categorization.
> +Vendor drivers are expected to be fully asynchronous in this respect or
> +provide their own internal resource protection.)
> +
>  The callbacks in the mdev_parent_ops structure are as follows:
>  
>  * open: open callback of mediated device
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> index 126991046eb7..0212f0ee8aea 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> @@ -66,34 +66,6 @@ uuid_le mdev_uuid(struct mdev_device *mdev)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_uuid);
>  
> -static int _find_mdev_device(struct device *dev, void *data)
> -{
> -	struct mdev_device *mdev;
> -
> -	if (!dev_is_mdev(dev))
> -		return 0;
> -
> -	mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
> -
> -	if (uuid_le_cmp(mdev->uuid, *(uuid_le *)data) == 0)
> -		return 1;
> -
> -	return 0;
> -}
> -
> -static bool mdev_device_exist(struct mdev_parent *parent, uuid_le uuid)
> -{
> -	struct device *dev;
> -
> -	dev = device_find_child(parent->dev, &uuid, _find_mdev_device);
> -	if (dev) {
> -		put_device(dev);
> -		return true;
> -	}
> -
> -	return false;
> -}
> -
>  /* Should be called holding parent_list_lock */
>  static struct mdev_parent *__find_parent_device(struct device *dev)
>  {
> @@ -221,7 +193,6 @@ int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev, const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops)
>  	}
>  
>  	kref_init(&parent->ref);
> -	mutex_init(&parent->lock);
>  
>  	parent->dev = dev;
>  	parent->ops = ops;
> @@ -297,6 +268,10 @@ static void mdev_device_release(struct device *dev)
>  {
>  	struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
>  
> +	mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
> +	list_del(&mdev->next);
> +	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> +
>  	dev_dbg(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: destroying\n");
>  	kfree(mdev);
>  }
> @@ -304,7 +279,7 @@ static void mdev_device_release(struct device *dev)
>  int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, uuid_le uuid)
>  {
>  	int ret;
> -	struct mdev_device *mdev;
> +	struct mdev_device *mdev, *tmp;
>  	struct mdev_parent *parent;
>  	struct mdev_type *type = to_mdev_type(kobj);
>  
> @@ -312,21 +287,28 @@ int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, uuid_le uuid)
>  	if (!parent)
>  		return -EINVAL;
>  
> -	mutex_lock(&parent->lock);
> +	mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
>  
>  	/* Check for duplicate */
> -	if (mdev_device_exist(parent, uuid)) {
> -		ret = -EEXIST;
> -		goto create_err;
> +	list_for_each_entry(tmp, &mdev_list, next) {
> +		if (!uuid_le_cmp(tmp->uuid, uuid)) {
> +			mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> +			ret = -EEXIST;
> +			goto mdev_fail;
> +		}
>  	}
>  
>  	mdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*mdev), GFP_KERNEL);
>  	if (!mdev) {
> +		mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
>  		ret = -ENOMEM;
> -		goto create_err;
> +		goto mdev_fail;
>  	}
>  
>  	memcpy(&mdev->uuid, &uuid, sizeof(uuid_le));
> +	list_add(&mdev->next, &mdev_list);
> +	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> +
>  	mdev->parent = parent;
>  	kref_init(&mdev->ref);
>  
> @@ -338,35 +320,28 @@ int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, uuid_le uuid)
>  	ret = device_register(&mdev->dev);
>  	if (ret) {
>  		put_device(&mdev->dev);
> -		goto create_err;
> +		goto mdev_fail;
>  	}
>  
>  	ret = mdev_device_create_ops(kobj, mdev);
>  	if (ret)
> -		goto create_failed;
> +		goto create_fail;
>  
>  	ret = mdev_create_sysfs_files(&mdev->dev, type);
>  	if (ret) {
>  		mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, true);
> -		goto create_failed;
> +		goto create_fail;
>  	}
>  
>  	mdev->type_kobj = kobj;
> +	mdev->active = true;
>  	dev_dbg(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: created\n");
>  
> -	mutex_unlock(&parent->lock);
> -
> -	mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
> -	list_add(&mdev->next, &mdev_list);
> -	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> -
> -	return ret;
> +	return 0;
>  
> -create_failed:
> +create_fail:
>  	device_unregister(&mdev->dev);
> -
> -create_err:
> -	mutex_unlock(&parent->lock);
> +mdev_fail:
>  	mdev_put_parent(parent);
>  	return ret;
>  }
> @@ -377,44 +352,39 @@ int mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev, bool force_remove)
>  	struct mdev_parent *parent;
>  	struct mdev_type *type;
>  	int ret;
> -	bool found = false;
>  
>  	mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
>  
>  	mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
>  	list_for_each_entry(tmp, &mdev_list, next) {
> -		if (tmp == mdev) {
> -			found = true;
> +		if (tmp == mdev)
>  			break;
> -		}
>  	}
>  
> -	if (found)
> -		list_del(&mdev->next);
> +	if (tmp != mdev) {
> +		mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +	}
>  
> -	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> +	if (!mdev->active) {
> +		mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> +		return -EAGAIN;
> +	}
>  
> -	if (!found)
> -		return -ENODEV;
> +	mdev->active = false;
> +	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
>  
>  	type = to_mdev_type(mdev->type_kobj);
>  	parent = mdev->parent;
> -	mutex_lock(&parent->lock);
>  
>  	ret = mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, force_remove);
>  	if (ret) {
> -		mutex_unlock(&parent->lock);
> -
> -		mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
> -		list_add(&mdev->next, &mdev_list);
> -		mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> -
> +		mdev->active = true;
>  		return ret;
>  	}
>  
>  	mdev_remove_sysfs_files(dev, type);
>  	device_unregister(dev);
> -	mutex_unlock(&parent->lock);
>  	mdev_put_parent(parent);
>  
>  	return 0;
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> index a9cefd70a705..b5819b7d7ef7 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> @@ -20,7 +20,6 @@ struct mdev_parent {
>  	struct device *dev;
>  	const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops;
>  	struct kref ref;
> -	struct mutex lock;
>  	struct list_head next;
>  	struct kset *mdev_types_kset;
>  	struct list_head type_list;
> @@ -34,6 +33,7 @@ struct mdev_device {
>  	struct kref ref;
>  	struct list_head next;
>  	struct kobject *type_kobj;
> +	bool active;
>  };
>  
>  #define to_mdev_device(dev)	container_of(dev, struct mdev_device, dev)
> 

  reply	other threads:[~2018-05-18 19:38 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-05-18 19:10 [PATCH v4 0/2] vfio/mdev: Device namespace protection Alex Williamson
2018-05-18 19:10 ` [PATCH v4 1/2] vfio/mdev: Check globally for duplicate devices Alex Williamson
2018-05-18 19:37   ` Kirti Wankhede [this message]
2018-05-22  8:13   ` Cornelia Huck
2018-05-22 15:53     ` Alex Williamson
2018-05-23  4:53       ` Zhenyu Wang
2018-05-18 19:10 ` [PATCH v4 2/2] vfio/mdev: Re-order sysfs attribute creation Alex Williamson
2018-05-18 19:38   ` Kirti Wankhede
2018-05-22  8:14   ` Cornelia Huck
2018-05-18 19:37 ` [PATCH v4 0/2] vfio/mdev: Device namespace protection Kirti Wankhede
2018-05-22 17:17 ` Halil Pasic
2018-05-22 18:38   ` Alex Williamson
2018-05-23  8:56     ` Cornelia Huck
2018-05-23 12:29       ` Halil Pasic
2018-05-23 13:34         ` Cornelia Huck

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