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From: David Edmondson <david.edmondson@oracle.com>
To: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>, Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>,
	Jim Mattson <jmattson@google.com>,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org, Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	David Matlack <dmatlack@google.com>,
	Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	x86@kernel.org, Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>,
	Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>,
	Joao Martins <joao.m.martins@oracle.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 2/3] KVM: x86: On emulation failure, convey the exit reason, etc. to userspace
Date: Mon, 02 Aug 2021 08:28:55 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <cunk0l4mhjc.fsf@oracle.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <YQR52JRv8jgj+Dv8@google.com>

On Friday, 2021-07-30 at 22:14:48 GMT, Sean Christopherson wrote:

> On Thu, Jul 29, 2021, David Edmondson wrote:
>> Should instruction emulation fail, include the VM exit reason, etc. in
>> the emulation_failure data passed to userspace, in order that the VMM
>> can report it as a debugging aid when describing the failure.
>> 
>> Suggested-by: Joao Martins <joao.m.martins@oracle.com>
>> Signed-off-by: David Edmondson <david.edmondson@oracle.com>
>> ---
>>  arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h |  5 ++++
>>  arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c          |  5 +---
>>  arch/x86/kvm/x86.c              | 53 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
>>  include/uapi/linux/kvm.h        |  7 +++++
>>  4 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
>> 
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> index dfb902930cdc..17da43c1aa67 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> @@ -1630,6 +1630,11 @@ extern u64 kvm_mce_cap_supported;
>>  int kvm_emulate_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int emulation_type);
>>  int kvm_emulate_instruction_from_buffer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>>  					void *insn, int insn_len);
>> +void kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> +					bool instruction_bytes,
>> +					void *data, unsigned int ndata);
>> +void kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit_with_reason(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> +						    bool instruction_bytes);
>>  
>>  void kvm_enable_efer_bits(u64);
>>  bool kvm_valid_efer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 efer);
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
>> index fefdecb0ff3d..a8d303c7c099 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
>> @@ -5367,10 +5367,7 @@ static int handle_invalid_guest_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>  
>>  		if (vmx->emulation_required && !vmx->rmode.vm86_active &&
>>  		    vcpu->arch.exception.pending) {
>> -			vcpu->run->exit_reason = KVM_EXIT_INTERNAL_ERROR;
>> -			vcpu->run->internal.suberror =
>> -						KVM_INTERNAL_ERROR_EMULATION;
>> -			vcpu->run->internal.ndata = 0;
>> +			kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit_with_reason(vcpu, false);
>>  			return 0;
>>  		}
>>  
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> index a4fd10604f72..a97bacd8922f 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> @@ -7456,7 +7456,9 @@ void kvm_inject_realmode_interrupt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int irq, int inc_eip)
>>  }
>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_inject_realmode_interrupt);
>>  
>> -static void prepare_emulation_failure_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> +void kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> +					bool instruction_bytes,
>> +					void *data, unsigned int ndata)
>
> 'data' should be a 'u64 *', and 'ndata' should be a 'u8' that is actual ndata as
> opposed to the size.

Agreed that this will be better.

> The obvious alternative would be to rename ndata to size, but IMO
> that's unnecessarily complex, it's much easier to force the caller to
> work with u64s.  That also reduces the probablity of KVM mangling
> data[] by dumping unrelated fields into a single data[] entry, or by
> leaving stale chunks (if the incoming data is not a multiple of 8
> bytes).
>
>>  {
>>  	struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt = vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt;
>>  	u32 insn_size = ctxt->fetch.end - ctxt->fetch.data;
>> @@ -7464,10 +7466,10 @@ static void prepare_emulation_failure_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>  
>>  	run->exit_reason = KVM_EXIT_INTERNAL_ERROR;
>>  	run->emulation_failure.suberror = KVM_INTERNAL_ERROR_EMULATION;
>> -	run->emulation_failure.ndata = 0;
>> +	run->emulation_failure.ndata = 1; /* Always include the flags. */
>>  	run->emulation_failure.flags = 0;
>>  
>> -	if (insn_size) {
>> +	if (instruction_bytes && insn_size) {
>>  		run->emulation_failure.ndata = 3;
>>  		run->emulation_failure.flags |=
>>  			KVM_INTERNAL_ERROR_EMULATION_FLAG_INSTRUCTION_BYTES;
>> @@ -7477,7 +7479,42 @@ static void prepare_emulation_failure_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>  		memcpy(run->emulation_failure.insn_bytes,
>>  		       ctxt->fetch.data, insn_size);
>>  	}
>> +
>> +	ndata = min((size_t)ndata, sizeof(run->internal.data) -
>> +		    run->emulation_failure.ndata * sizeof(u64));
>> +	if (ndata) {
>> +		unsigned int offset =
>> +			offsetof(struct kvm_run, emulation_failure.flags) +
>> +			run->emulation_failure.ndata * sizeof(u64);
>> +
>> +		memcpy((void *)run + offset, data, ndata);
>> +		run->emulation_failure.ndata += ndata / sizeof(u64);
>> +	}
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit);
>
> NAK on exporting this particular helper, it consumes vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt,
> which ideally wouldn't even be visible to vendor code (stupid SVM erratum).  The
> emulation context will rarely, if ever, be valid if this is called from vendor code.
>
> The SGX call is effectively guarded by instruction_bytes=false, but that's a
> messy approach as the handle_emulation_failure() patch is the _only_ case where
> emulate_ctxt can be valid.

Your changes to address this seem sensible.

>> +void kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit_with_reason(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> +						    bool instruction_bytes)
>> +{
>> +	struct {
>> +		__u64 exit_reason;
>
> As mentioned in the prior patch, exit_reason is probably best kept to a u32 at
> this time.

Ack.

>> +		__u64 exit_info1;
>> +		__u64 exit_info2;
>> +		__u32 intr_info;
>> +		__u32 error_code;
>> +	} exit_reason;
>
> Oooh, you're dumping all the fields in kvm_run.  That took me forever to realize
> because the struct is named "exit_reason".  Unless there's a naming conflict,
> 'data' would be the simplest, and if that's already taken, maybe 'info'?
>
> I'm also not sure an anonymous struct is going to be the easiest to maintain.
> I do like that the fields all have names, but on the other hand the data should
> be padded so that each field is in its own data[] entry when dumped to userspace.
> IMO, the padding complexity isn't worth the naming niceness since this code
> doesn't actually care about what each field contains.

Given that this is avowedly not an ABI and that we are expecting any
(human) consumer to be intimate with the implementation to make sense of
it, is there really any requirement or need for padding?

In your example below (most of which I'm fine with), the padding has the
effect of wasting space that could be used for another u64 of debug
data.

>> +
>> +	static_call(kvm_x86_get_exit_info)(vcpu,
>> +					   &exit_reason.exit_reason,
>> +					   &exit_reason.exit_info1,
>> +					   &exit_reason.exit_info2,
>> +					   &exit_reason.intr_info,
>> +					   &exit_reason.error_code);
>> +
>> +	kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit(vcpu, instruction_bytes,
>> +					   &exit_reason, sizeof(exit_reason));
>
> Retrieiving the exit reason and info should probably be in the inner helper, the
> only case where the info will be stale is the VMX !unrestricted_guest
> handle_invalid_guest_state() path, but even then I think the last VM-Exit info
> would be interesting/relevant.  That should allow for a cleaner API too.

Makes sense, thanks.

> This is what I came up with after a fair bit of massaging.  The get_exit_info()
> call is beyond gross, but I still think I like it more than a struct?  A
> build-time assertion that the struct size is a multiple of 8 would allay my
> concerns over leaking stack state to userspace, so I'm not totally opposed to it.
>
> 	struct {
> 		u32 exit_reason;
> 		u32 pad1;
> 		u64 info1;
> 		u64 info2;
> 		u32 intr_info;
> 		u32 pad2;
> 		u32 error_code;
> 		u32 pad3;
> 	} info;
> 	u64 ninfo = sizeof(info) / sizeof(u64);
>
> 	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(info) % sizeof(u64));
>
> 	/*
> 	 * Zero the whole struct used to retrieve the exit info to ensure the
> 	 * padding does not leak stack data to userspace.
> 	 */
> 	memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info));
>
> 	static_call(kvm_x86_get_exit_info)(vcpu, &info.exit_reason,
> 					   &info.info1, &info.info2,
> 					   &info.intr_info, &info.error_code);
>
>
>
> void __kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *data,
> 					  u8 ndata);
> void kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
>
> static void prepare_emulation_failure_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *data,
> 					   u8 ndata, u8 *insn_bytes, u8 insn_size)
> {
> 	struct kvm_run *run = vcpu->run;
> 	u8 ndata_start;
> 	u64 info[5];
>
> 	/*
> 	 * Zero the whole array used to retrieve the exit info, casting to u32
> 	 * for select entries will leave some chunks uninitialized.
> 	 */
> 	memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info));
>
> 	static_call(kvm_x86_get_exit_info)(vcpu, (u32 *)&info[0], &info[1],
> 					   &info[2], (u32 *)&info[3],
> 					   (u32 *)&info[4]);
>
> 	run->exit_reason = KVM_EXIT_INTERNAL_ERROR;
> 	run->emulation_failure.suberror = KVM_INTERNAL_ERROR_EMULATION;
>
> 	/*
> 	 * There's currently space for 13 entries, but 5 are used for the exit
> 	 * reason and info.  Restrict to 4 to reduce the maintenance burden
> 	 * when expanding kvm_run.emulation_failure in the future.
> 	 */
> 	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ndata > 4))
> 		ndata = 4;
>
> 	if (insn_size) {
> 		ndata_start = 3;
> 		run->emulation_failure.flags =
> 			KVM_INTERNAL_ERROR_EMULATION_FLAG_INSTRUCTION_BYTES;
> 		run->emulation_failure.insn_size = insn_size;
> 		memset(run->emulation_failure.insn_bytes, 0x90,
> 		       sizeof(run->emulation_failure.insn_bytes));
> 		memcpy(run->emulation_failure.insn_bytes, insn_bytes, insn_size);
> 	} else {
> 		/* Always include the flags as a 'data' entry. */
> 		ndata_start = 1;
> 		run->emulation_failure.flags = 0;
> 	}

When we add another flag (presuming that we do, because if not there was
not much point in the flags) this will have to be restructured again. Is
there an objection to the original style? (prime ndata=1, flags=0, OR in
flags and adjust ndata as we go.)

> 	memcpy(&run->internal.data[ndata_start], info, ARRAY_SIZE(info));
> 	memcpy(&run->internal.data[ndata_start + ARRAY_SIZE(info)], data, ndata);
> }
>
> static void prepare_emulation_ctxt_failure_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> {
> 	struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt = vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt;
>
> 	prepare_emulation_failure_exit(vcpu, NULL, 0, ctxt->fetch.data,
> 				       ctxt->fetch.end - ctxt->fetch.data);
> }
>
> void __kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *data,
> 					  u8 ndata)
> {
> 	prepare_emulation_failure_exit(vcpu, data, ndata, NULL, 0);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit);
>
> void kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> {
> 	__kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit(vcpu, NULL, 0);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_prepare_emulation_failure_exit);

  reply	other threads:[~2021-08-02  7:29 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 13+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-29 13:39 [PATCH v3 0/3] kvm: x86: Convey the exit reason, etc. to user-space on emulation failure David Edmondson
2021-07-29 13:39 ` [PATCH v3 1/3] KVM: x86: kvm_x86_ops.get_exit_info should include the exit reason David Edmondson
2021-07-29 22:27   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-30  7:29     ` David Edmondson
2021-07-29 13:39 ` [PATCH v3 2/3] KVM: x86: On emulation failure, convey the exit reason, etc. to userspace David Edmondson
2021-07-30 22:14   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-08-02  7:28     ` David Edmondson [this message]
2021-08-02 16:58       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-08-02 17:23         ` David Edmondson
2021-08-07  0:59           ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-29 13:39 ` [PATCH v3 3/3] KVM: x86: SGX must obey the KVM_INTERNAL_ERROR_EMULATION protocol David Edmondson
2021-07-30 22:17   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-08-02  7:18     ` David Edmondson

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