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From: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
To: Sven Peter <sven@svenpeter.dev>, iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@kernel.org>, Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Hector Martin <marcan@marcan.st>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Alexander Graf <graf@amazon.com>,
	Mohamed Mediouni <mohamed.mediouni@caramail.com>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH 2/3] iommu/dma-iommu: Support iovad->granule > PAGE_SIZE
Date: Fri, 6 Aug 2021 19:04:08 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <d289a555-9e3b-b948-1883-2ee4c915da4c@arm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210806155523.50429-3-sven@svenpeter.dev>

On 2021-08-06 16:55, Sven Peter via iommu wrote:
> DMA IOMMU domains can support hardware where the IOMMU page size is
> larger than the CPU page size.
> Alignments need to be done with respect to both PAGE_SIZE and
> iovad->granule. Additionally, the sg list optimization to use a single
> IOVA allocation cannot be used in those cases since the physical
> addresses will very likely not be aligned to the larger IOMMU page size.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Sven Peter <sven@svenpeter.dev>
> ---
>   drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c | 87 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>   1 file changed, 77 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
> index 6f0df629353f..e072d9030d9f 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
>    * Copyright (C) 2000-2004 Russell King
>    */
>   
> +#include <linux/align.h>
>   #include <linux/acpi_iort.h>
>   #include <linux/device.h>
>   #include <linux/dma-map-ops.h>
> @@ -51,6 +52,15 @@ struct iommu_dma_cookie {
>   	struct iommu_domain		*fq_domain;
>   };
>   
> +/* aligns size to CPU and IOMMU page size */
> +static inline size_t iommu_page_align(struct device *dev, size_t size)
> +{
> +	struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_dma_domain(dev);
> +	struct iommu_dma_cookie *cookie = domain->iova_cookie;
> +
> +	return iova_align(&cookie->iovad, PAGE_ALIGN(size));
> +}
> +
>   static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(iommu_deferred_attach_enabled);
>   bool iommu_dma_forcedac __read_mostly;
>   
> @@ -647,6 +657,8 @@ static struct page **__iommu_dma_alloc_pages(struct device *dev,
>   /*
>    * If size is less than PAGE_SIZE, then a full CPU page will be allocated,
>    * but an IOMMU which supports smaller pages might not map the whole thing.
> + * If the IOMMU page size is larger than the CPU page size, then the size
> + * will be aligned to that granularity and some memory will be left unused.

Why do we need to increase the actual memory allocation? The point here 
is that we allocate the smallest thing we can allocate and map the 
smallest thing we can map - I think that still works the "wrong" way 
round too, we should just need to start taking an IOVA offset into 
account as in dma_map_page() if we can no longer assume it's 0 for a CPU 
page. Sure we may expose some unrelated adjacent pages, but we'll 
already be doing that to excess for streaming DMA so whoop de do.

>    */
>   static struct page **__iommu_dma_alloc_noncontiguous(struct device *dev,
>   		size_t size, struct sg_table *sgt, gfp_t gfp, pgprot_t prot,
> @@ -736,7 +748,7 @@ static void *iommu_dma_alloc_remap(struct device *dev, size_t size,
>   
>   out_unmap:
>   	__iommu_dma_unmap(dev, *dma_handle, size);
> -	__iommu_dma_free_pages(pages, PAGE_ALIGN(size) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> +	__iommu_dma_free_pages(pages, iommu_page_align(dev, size) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
>   	return NULL;
>   }
>   
> @@ -766,7 +778,8 @@ static void iommu_dma_free_noncontiguous(struct device *dev, size_t size,
>   	struct dma_sgt_handle *sh = sgt_handle(sgt);
>   
>   	__iommu_dma_unmap(dev, sgt->sgl->dma_address, size);
> -	__iommu_dma_free_pages(sh->pages, PAGE_ALIGN(size) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> +	__iommu_dma_free_pages(sh->pages,
> +		iommu_page_align(dev, size) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
>   	sg_free_table(&sh->sgt);
>   	kfree(sh);
>   }
> @@ -1006,6 +1019,31 @@ static int iommu_dma_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg,
>   	if (dev_is_untrusted(dev))
>   		return iommu_dma_map_sg_swiotlb(dev, sg, nents, dir, attrs);
>   
> +	/*
> +	 * If the IOMMU pagesize is larger than the CPU pagesize we will
> +	 * very likely run into sgs with a physical address that is not aligned
> +	 * to an IOMMU page boundary. Fall back to just mapping every entry
> +	 * independently with __iommu_dma_map then.

Scatterlist segments often don't have nicely aligned ends, which is why 
we already align things to IOVA granules in main loop here. I think in 
principle we'd just need to move the non-IOVA-aligned part of the 
address from sg->page to sg->offset in the temporary transformation for 
the rest of the assumptions to hold. I don't blame you for being timid 
about touching that, though - it took me 3 tries to get right when I 
first wrote it...

> +	 */
> +	if (iovad->granule > PAGE_SIZE) {
> +		for_each_sg(sg, s, nents, i) {
> +			sg_dma_address(s) = __iommu_dma_map(dev, sg_phys(s),
> +				s->length, prot, dma_get_mask(dev));
> +			if (sg_dma_address(s) == DMA_MAPPING_ERROR)
> +				break;
> +			sg_dma_len(s) = s->length;
> +		}
> +
> +		if (unlikely(i != nents)) {
> +			nents = i;
> +			for_each_sg(sg, s, nents, i)
> +				__iommu_dma_unmap(dev, sg_dma_address(s), sg_dma_len(s));
> +			return 0;
> +		}
> +
> +		return nents;
> +	}

Either way, NAK to having a *third* implementation of SG mapping in this 
file which is fundamentally no different from the second one.

> +
>   	/*
>   	 * Work out how much IOVA space we need, and align the segments to
>   	 * IOVA granules for the IOMMU driver to handle. With some clever
> @@ -1068,6 +1106,9 @@ static int iommu_dma_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg,
>   static void iommu_dma_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg,
>   		int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs)
>   {
> +	struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_dma_domain(dev);
> +	struct iommu_dma_cookie *cookie = domain->iova_cookie;
> +	struct iova_domain *iovad = &cookie->iovad;
>   	dma_addr_t start, end;
>   	struct scatterlist *tmp;
>   	int i;
> @@ -1080,6 +1121,17 @@ static void iommu_dma_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg,
>   		return;
>   	}
>   
> +	/*
> +	 * If the IOMMU pagesize is larger than the CPU pagesize we mapped
> +	 * every entry indepedently with __iommu_dma_map then. Let's do the
> +	 * opposite here.
> +	 */
> +	if (iovad->granule > PAGE_SIZE) {
> +		for_each_sg(sg, tmp, nents, i)
> +			__iommu_dma_unmap(dev, sg_dma_address(tmp), sg_dma_len(tmp));
> +		return;
> +	}

As above, this is just __iommu_dma_unmap_sg_swiotlb() with fewer clothes on.

> +
>   	/*
>   	 * The scatterlist segments are mapped into a single
>   	 * contiguous IOVA allocation, so this is incredibly easy.
> @@ -1110,7 +1162,7 @@ static void iommu_dma_unmap_resource(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t handle,
>   
>   static void __iommu_dma_free(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *cpu_addr)
>   {
> -	size_t alloc_size = PAGE_ALIGN(size);
> +	size_t alloc_size = iommu_page_align(dev, size);
>   	int count = alloc_size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>   	struct page *page = NULL, **pages = NULL;
>   
> @@ -1150,7 +1202,7 @@ static void *iommu_dma_alloc_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size,
>   		struct page **pagep, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long attrs)
>   {
>   	bool coherent = dev_is_dma_coherent(dev);
> -	size_t alloc_size = PAGE_ALIGN(size);
> +	size_t alloc_size = iommu_page_align(dev, size);
>   	int node = dev_to_node(dev);
>   	struct page *page = NULL;
>   	void *cpu_addr;
> @@ -1201,8 +1253,8 @@ static void *iommu_dma_alloc(struct device *dev, size_t size,
>   
>   	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DMA_DIRECT_REMAP) &&
>   	    !gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp) && !coherent)
> -		page = dma_alloc_from_pool(dev, PAGE_ALIGN(size), &cpu_addr,
> -					       gfp, NULL);
> +		page = dma_alloc_from_pool(dev, iommu_page_align(dev, size),
> +					       &cpu_addr, gfp, NULL);
>   	else
>   		cpu_addr = iommu_dma_alloc_pages(dev, size, &page, gfp, attrs);
>   	if (!cpu_addr)
> @@ -1253,6 +1305,7 @@ static int iommu_dma_get_sgtable(struct device *dev, struct sg_table *sgt,
>   		void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size,
>   		unsigned long attrs)

Can we just not bother trying to support this? TBH I don't know exactly 
how the interface is supposed to work - what you're doing here looks 
like it's probably either too much or not enough, depending on whether 
the address and size arguments are supposed to allow representing 
partial buffers - and frankly I can't imagine you'll be needing to 
support dma-buf exports from the USB/ethernet/wifi drivers any time soon...

>   {
> +	size_t aligned_size = iommu_page_align(dev, size);
>   	struct page *page;
>   	int ret;
>   
> @@ -1261,7 +1314,7 @@ static int iommu_dma_get_sgtable(struct device *dev, struct sg_table *sgt,
>   
>   		if (pages) {
>   			return sg_alloc_table_from_pages(sgt, pages,
> -					PAGE_ALIGN(size) >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> +					aligned_size >> PAGE_SHIFT,
>   					0, size, GFP_KERNEL);
>   		}
>   
> @@ -1272,7 +1325,7 @@ static int iommu_dma_get_sgtable(struct device *dev, struct sg_table *sgt,
>   
>   	ret = sg_alloc_table(sgt, 1, GFP_KERNEL);
>   	if (!ret)
> -		sg_set_page(sgt->sgl, page, PAGE_ALIGN(size), 0);
> +		sg_set_page(sgt->sgl, page, aligned_size, 0);
>   	return ret;
>   }
>   
> @@ -1283,11 +1336,25 @@ static unsigned long iommu_dma_get_merge_boundary(struct device *dev)
>   	return (1UL << __ffs(domain->pgsize_bitmap)) - 1;
>   }
>   
> +static struct page *iommu_dma_alloc_aligned_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> +		dma_addr_t *dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir, gfp_t gfp)
> +{
> +	size = iommu_page_align(dev, size);
> +	return dma_common_alloc_pages(dev, size, dma_handle, dir, gfp);
> +}
> +
> +static void iommu_dma_free_aligned_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, struct page *page,
> +		dma_addr_t dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir)
> +{
> +	size = iommu_page_align(dev, size);
> +	return dma_common_free_pages(dev, size, page, dma_handle, dir);
> +}

Again, what's the point of these? iommu_dma_map_page() still has to cope 
with whatever the caller provides, so there's no difference in the one 
case when that caller happens to be dma_common_map_pages().

Robin.

> +
>   static const struct dma_map_ops iommu_dma_ops = {
>   	.alloc			= iommu_dma_alloc,
>   	.free			= iommu_dma_free,
> -	.alloc_pages		= dma_common_alloc_pages,
> -	.free_pages		= dma_common_free_pages,
> +	.alloc_pages		= iommu_dma_alloc_aligned_pages,
> +	.free_pages		= iommu_dma_free_aligned_pages,
>   #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_REMAP
>   	.alloc_noncontiguous	= iommu_dma_alloc_noncontiguous,
>   	.free_noncontiguous	= iommu_dma_free_noncontiguous,
> 

  reply	other threads:[~2021-08-06 18:04 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 14+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-06 15:55 [RFC PATCH 0/3] iommu/dma-iommu: Support IOMMU page size larger than the CPU page size Sven Peter
2021-08-06 15:55 ` [RFC PATCH 1/3] iommu: Move IOMMU pagesize check to attach_device Sven Peter
2021-08-06 15:55 ` [RFC PATCH 2/3] iommu/dma-iommu: Support iovad->granule > PAGE_SIZE Sven Peter
2021-08-06 18:04   ` Robin Murphy [this message]
2021-08-07  8:41     ` Sven Peter
2021-08-09 18:37       ` Robin Murphy
2021-08-09 19:57         ` Sven Peter
2021-08-07 11:47     ` Sven Peter
2021-08-09 17:41       ` Robin Murphy
2021-08-09 20:45         ` Sven Peter
2021-08-10  9:51           ` Robin Murphy
2021-08-11 20:18             ` Sven Peter
2021-08-12 12:43               ` Robin Murphy
2021-08-06 15:55 ` [RFC PATCH 3/3] iommu: Introduce __IOMMU_DOMAIN_LARGE_PAGES Sven Peter

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