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From: tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski <tipbot@zytor.com>
To: linux-tip-commits@vger.kernel.org
Cc: tglx@linutronix.de, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	luto@amacapital.net, dvlasenk@redhat.com, bp@alien8.de,
	oleg@redhat.com, mingo@kernel.org, hpa@zytor.com,
	torvalds@linux-foundation.org
Subject: [tip:x86/asm] x86/asm/entry/32: Document our abuse of x86_hw_tss: :ss1 and x86_hw_tss::sp1
Date: Tue, 17 Mar 2015 01:45:38 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <tip-76e4c4908a4904a61aa67ae5eb0b2a7588c4a546@git.kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <b7efc1b7364039824776f68e9ddee9ec1500e894.1426009661.git.luto@amacapital.net>

Commit-ID:  76e4c4908a4904a61aa67ae5eb0b2a7588c4a546
Gitweb:     http://git.kernel.org/tip/76e4c4908a4904a61aa67ae5eb0b2a7588c4a546
Author:     Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
AuthorDate: Tue, 10 Mar 2015 11:06:00 -0700
Committer:  Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitDate: Tue, 17 Mar 2015 09:25:27 +0100

x86/asm/entry/32: Document our abuse of x86_hw_tss::ss1 and x86_hw_tss::sp1

This has confused me for a while.  Now that I figured it out, document it.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/b7efc1b7364039824776f68e9ddee9ec1500e894.1426009661.git.luto@amacapital.net
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 21 ++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index fc6d8d0..b262089 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -209,9 +209,24 @@ struct x86_hw_tss {
 	unsigned short		back_link, __blh;
 	unsigned long		sp0;
 	unsigned short		ss0, __ss0h;
-	unsigned long		sp1;
-	/* ss1 caches MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS: */
-	unsigned short		ss1, __ss1h;
+
+	/*
+	 * We don't use ring 1, so sp1 and ss1 are convenient scratch
+	 * spaces in the same cacheline as sp0.  We use them to cache
+	 * some MSR values to avoid unnecessary wrmsr instructions.
+	 *
+	 * We use SYSENTER_ESP to find sp0 and for the NMI emergency
+	 * stack, but we need to context switch it because we do
+	 * horrible things to the kernel stack in vm86 mode.
+	 *
+	 * We use SYSENTER_CS to disable sysenter in vm86 mode to avoid
+	 * corrupting the stack if we went through the sysenter path
+	 * from vm86 mode.
+	 */
+	unsigned long		sp1;	/* MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP */
+	unsigned short		ss1;	/* MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS */
+
+	unsigned short		__ss1h;
 	unsigned long		sp2;
 	unsigned short		ss2, __ss2h;
 	unsigned long		__cr3;

      parent reply	other threads:[~2015-03-17  8:46 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2015-03-10 18:05 [PATCH 0/3] sp0, ss1, and sp1 docs and minor fixes Andy Lutomirski
2015-03-10 18:05 ` [PATCH 1/3] x86: Create and use a TOP_OF_KERNEL_STACK_PADDING macro Andy Lutomirski
2015-03-10 19:22   ` Denys Vlasenko
2015-03-10 19:47     ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-03-13 14:08     ` Denys Vlasenko
2015-03-16  8:56   ` Ingo Molnar
2015-03-16 12:08   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/asm/entry: Create and use a ' TOP_OF_KERNEL_STACK_PADDING' macro tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-03-17  8:45   ` tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-03-10 18:05 ` [PATCH 2/3] x86: Unify and fix init sp0 Andy Lutomirski
2015-03-11 11:21   ` Borislav Petkov
2015-03-16 12:09   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/asm/entry: Unify and fix initial thread_struct: :sp0 values tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-03-17  8:45   ` tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-03-10 18:06 ` [PATCH 3/3] x86_32: Document our abuse of ss1 and sp1 Andy Lutomirski
2015-03-10 19:13   ` Denys Vlasenko
2015-03-10 20:06     ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-03-10 20:52       ` Denys Vlasenko
2015-03-16 12:09   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/asm/entry/32: Document our abuse of x86_hw_tss: :ss1 and x86_hw_tss::sp1 tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-03-16 15:36     ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-03-17  8:45   ` tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski [this message]

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