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* [PATCH v2 bpf-next 00/14] Add libbpf full support for BPF-to-BPF calls
@ 2020-09-01  1:49 Andrii Nakryiko
  2020-09-01  1:49 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 01/14] libbpf: ensure ELF symbols table is found before further ELF processing Andrii Nakryiko
                   ` (13 more replies)
  0 siblings, 14 replies; 26+ messages in thread
From: Andrii Nakryiko @ 2020-09-01  1:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: bpf, netdev, ast, daniel; +Cc: andrii.nakryiko, kernel-team, Andrii Nakryiko

Currently, libbpf supports a limited form of BPF-to-BPF subprogram calls. The
restriction is that entry-point BPF program should use *all* of defined
sub-programs in BPF .o file. If any of the subprograms is not used, such
entry-point BPF program will be rejected by verifier as containing unreachable
dead code. This is not a big limitation for cases with single entry-point BPF
programs, but is quite a heavy restriction for multi-programs that use only
partially overlapping set of subprograms.

This patch set removes all such restrictions and adds complete support for
using BPF sub-program calls on BPF side. This is achieved through libbpf
tracking subprograms individually and detecting which subprograms are used by
any given entry-point BPF program, and subsequently only appending and
relocating code for just those used subprograms.

In addition, libbpf now also supports multiple entry-point BPF programs within
the same ELF section. This allows to structure code so that there are few
variants of BPF programs of the same type and attaching to the same target
(e.g., for tracepoints and kprobes) without the need to worry about ELF
section name clashes.

This patch set opens way for more wider adoption of BPF subprogram calls,
especially for real-world production use-cases with complicated net of
subprograms. This will allow to further scale BPF verification process through
good use of global functions, which can be verified independently. This is
also important prerequisite for static linking which allows static BPF
libraries to not worry about naming clashes for section names, as well as use
static non-inlined functions (subprograms) without worries of verifier
rejecting program due to dead code.

Patch set is structured as follows:
- patched 1-6 contain all the libbpf changes necessary to support multi-prog
  sections and bpf2bpf subcalls;
- patch 7 adds dedicated selftests validating all combinations of possible
  sub-calls (within and across sections, static vs global functions);
- patch 8 deprecated bpf_program__title() in favor of
  bpf_program__section_name(). The intent was to also deprecate
  bpf_object__find_program_by_title() as it's now non-sensical with multiple
  programs per section. But there were too many selftests uses of this and
  I didn't want to delay this patches further and make it even bigger, so left
  it for a follow up cleanup;
- patches 9-10 remove uses for title-related APIs from bpftool and
  bpf_program__title() use from selftests;
- patch 11 is converting fexit_bpf2bpf to have explicit subtest (it does
  contain 4 subtests, which are not handled as sub-tests);
- patches 12-14 convert few complicated BPF selftests to use __noinline
  functions to further validate correctness of libbpf's bpf2bpf processing
  logic.
 
v1->v2:
  - rename DEPRECATED to LIBBPF_DEPRECATED to avoid name clashes;
  - fix test_subprogs build;
  - convert a bunch of complicated selftests to __noinline (Alexei).

Andrii Nakryiko (14):
  libbpf: ensure ELF symbols table is found before further ELF
    processing
  libbpf: parse multi-function sections into multiple BPF programs
  libbpf: support CO-RE relocations for multi-prog sections
  libbpf: make RELO_CALL work for multi-prog sections and sub-program
    calls
  libbpf: implement generalized .BTF.ext func/line info adjustment
  libbpf: add multi-prog section support for struct_ops
  selftests/bpf: add selftest for multi-prog sections and bpf-to-bpf
    calls
  tools/bpftool: replace bpf_program__title() with
    bpf_program__section_name()
  selftests/bpf: don't use deprecated libbpf APIs
  libbpf: deprecate notion of BPF program "title" in favor of "section
    name"
  selftests/bpf: turn fexit_bpf2bpf into test with subtests
  selftests/bpf: convert pyperf, strobemeta, and l4lb_noinline to
    __noinline
  selftests/bpf: modernize xdp_noinline test w/ skeleton and __noinline
  selftests/bpf: convert cls_redirect selftest to use __noinline

 tools/bpf/bpftool/prog.c                      |    4 +-
 tools/lib/bpf/btf.h                           |   18 +-
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c                        | 1198 +++++++++++------
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h                        |    5 +-
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map                      |    1 +
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf_common.h                 |    2 +
 .../selftests/bpf/flow_dissector_load.h       |    8 +-
 .../selftests/bpf/prog_tests/fexit_bpf2bpf.c  |   21 +-
 .../selftests/bpf/prog_tests/l4lb_all.c       |    9 +-
 .../bpf/prog_tests/reference_tracking.c       |    2 +-
 .../selftests/bpf/prog_tests/subprogs.c       |   31 +
 .../selftests/bpf/prog_tests/xdp_noinline.c   |   49 +-
 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf.h    |   10 +-
 .../testing/selftests/bpf/progs/strobemeta.h  |   15 +-
 .../selftests/bpf/progs/test_cls_redirect.c   |   99 +-
 .../selftests/bpf/progs/test_l4lb_noinline.c  |   41 +-
 .../selftests/bpf/progs/test_subprogs.c       |  103 ++
 .../selftests/bpf/progs/test_xdp_noinline.c   |   36 +-
 .../selftests/bpf/test_socket_cookie.c        |    2 +-
 19 files changed, 1054 insertions(+), 600 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/subprogs.c
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_subprogs.c

-- 
2.24.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2020-09-02 19:59 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 26+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-09-01  1:49 [PATCH v2 bpf-next 00/14] Add libbpf full support for BPF-to-BPF calls Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-01  1:49 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 01/14] libbpf: ensure ELF symbols table is found before further ELF processing Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-02  5:43   ` John Fastabend
2020-09-01  1:49 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 02/14] libbpf: parse multi-function sections into multiple BPF programs Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-02  6:08   ` John Fastabend
2020-09-01  1:49 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 03/14] libbpf: support CO-RE relocations for multi-prog sections Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-02  6:14   ` John Fastabend
2020-09-01  1:49 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 04/14] libbpf: make RELO_CALL work for multi-prog sections and sub-program calls Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-02  5:36   ` Alexei Starovoitov
2020-09-02 19:52     ` Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-01  1:49 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 05/14] libbpf: implement generalized .BTF.ext func/line info adjustment Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-01  1:49 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 06/14] libbpf: add multi-prog section support for struct_ops Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-01  1:49 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 07/14] selftests/bpf: add selftest for multi-prog sections and bpf-to-bpf calls Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-02  5:41   ` Alexei Starovoitov
2020-09-02 19:57     ` Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-01  1:49 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 08/14] tools/bpftool: replace bpf_program__title() with bpf_program__section_name() Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-01  1:49 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 09/14] selftests/bpf: don't use deprecated libbpf APIs Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-01  1:49 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 10/14] libbpf: deprecate notion of BPF program "title" in favor of "section name" Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-01  1:50 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 11/14] selftests/bpf: turn fexit_bpf2bpf into test with subtests Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-01  1:50 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 12/14] selftests/bpf: convert pyperf, strobemeta, and l4lb_noinline to __noinline Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-02  5:45   ` Alexei Starovoitov
2020-09-02 19:58     ` Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-01  1:50 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 13/14] selftests/bpf: modernize xdp_noinline test w/ skeleton and __noinline Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-01  1:50 ` [PATCH v2 bpf-next 14/14] selftests/bpf: convert cls_redirect selftest to use __noinline Andrii Nakryiko
2020-09-02  5:46   ` Alexei Starovoitov
2020-09-02 19:58     ` Andrii Nakryiko

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