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From: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
To: davem@davemloft.net
Cc: daniel@iogearbox.net, andrii@kernel.org, netdev@vger.kernel.org,
	bpf@vger.kernel.org, kernel-team@fb.com
Subject: [PATCH v7 bpf-next 03/11] bpf: Introduce bpf timers.
Date: Wed, 14 Jul 2021 17:54:09 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210715005417.78572-4-alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210715005417.78572-1-alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>

From: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

Introduce 'struct bpf_timer { __u64 :64; __u64 :64; };' that can be embedded
in hash/array/lru maps as a regular field and helpers to operate on it:

// Initialize the timer.
// First 4 bits of 'flags' specify clockid.
// Only CLOCK_MONOTONIC, CLOCK_REALTIME, CLOCK_BOOTTIME are allowed.
long bpf_timer_init(struct bpf_timer *timer, struct bpf_map *map, int flags);

// Configure the timer to call 'callback_fn' static function.
long bpf_timer_set_callback(struct bpf_timer *timer, void *callback_fn);

// Arm the timer to expire 'nsec' nanoseconds from the current time.
long bpf_timer_start(struct bpf_timer *timer, u64 nsec, u64 flags);

// Cancel the timer and wait for callback_fn to finish if it was running.
long bpf_timer_cancel(struct bpf_timer *timer);

Here is how BPF program might look like:
struct map_elem {
    int counter;
    struct bpf_timer timer;
};

struct {
    __uint(type, BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH);
    __uint(max_entries, 1000);
    __type(key, int);
    __type(value, struct map_elem);
} hmap SEC(".maps");

static int timer_cb(void *map, int *key, struct map_elem *val);
/* val points to particular map element that contains bpf_timer. */

SEC("fentry/bpf_fentry_test1")
int BPF_PROG(test1, int a)
{
    struct map_elem *val;
    int key = 0;

    val = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&hmap, &key);
    if (val) {
        bpf_timer_init(&val->timer, &hmap, CLOCK_REALTIME);
        bpf_timer_set_callback(&val->timer, timer_cb);
        bpf_timer_start(&val->timer, 1000 /* call timer_cb2 in 1 usec */, 0);
    }
}

This patch adds helper implementations that rely on hrtimers
to call bpf functions as timers expire.
The following patches add necessary safety checks.

Only programs with CAP_BPF are allowed to use bpf_timer.

The amount of timers used by the program is constrained by
the memcg recorded at map creation time.

The bpf_timer_init() helper needs explicit 'map' argument because inner maps
are dynamic and not known at load time. While the bpf_timer_set_callback() is
receiving hidden 'aux->prog' argument supplied by the verifier.

The prog pointer is needed to do refcnting of bpf program to make sure that
program doesn't get freed while the timer is armed. This approach relies on
"user refcnt" scheme used in prog_array that stores bpf programs for
bpf_tail_call. The bpf_timer_set_callback() will increment the prog refcnt which is
paired with bpf_timer_cancel() that will drop the prog refcnt. The
ops->map_release_uref is responsible for cancelling the timers and dropping
prog refcnt when user space reference to a map reaches zero.
This uref approach is done to make sure that Ctrl-C of user space process will
not leave timers running forever unless the user space explicitly pinned a map
that contained timers in bpffs.

bpf_timer_init() and bpf_timer_set_callback() will return -EPERM if map doesn't
have user references (is not held by open file descriptor from user space and
not pinned in bpffs).

The bpf_map_delete_elem() and bpf_map_update_elem() operations cancel
and free the timer if given map element had it allocated.
"bpftool map update" command can be used to cancel timers.

The 'struct bpf_timer' is explicitly __attribute__((aligned(8))) because
'__u64 :64' has 1 byte alignment of 8 byte padding.

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
---
 include/linux/bpf.h            |   3 +
 include/uapi/linux/bpf.h       |  73 ++++++++
 kernel/bpf/helpers.c           | 324 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/bpf/verifier.c          | 109 +++++++++++
 kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c       |   2 +-
 scripts/bpf_doc.py             |   2 +
 tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h |  73 ++++++++
 7 files changed, 585 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
index 4afbff308ca3..125240b7cefb 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -168,6 +168,7 @@ struct bpf_map {
 	u32 max_entries;
 	u32 map_flags;
 	int spin_lock_off; /* >=0 valid offset, <0 error */
+	int timer_off; /* >=0 valid offset, <0 error */
 	u32 id;
 	int numa_node;
 	u32 btf_key_type_id;
@@ -221,6 +222,7 @@ static inline void copy_map_value(struct bpf_map *map, void *dst, void *src)
 }
 void copy_map_value_locked(struct bpf_map *map, void *dst, void *src,
 			   bool lock_src);
+void bpf_timer_cancel_and_free(void *timer);
 int bpf_obj_name_cpy(char *dst, const char *src, unsigned int size);
 
 struct bpf_offload_dev;
@@ -314,6 +316,7 @@ enum bpf_arg_type {
 	ARG_PTR_TO_FUNC,	/* pointer to a bpf program function */
 	ARG_PTR_TO_STACK_OR_NULL,	/* pointer to stack or NULL */
 	ARG_PTR_TO_CONST_STR,	/* pointer to a null terminated read-only string */
+	ARG_PTR_TO_TIMER,	/* pointer to bpf_timer */
 	__BPF_ARG_TYPE_MAX,
 };
 
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index b46a383e8db7..ad5ce5ea76bf 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -4777,6 +4777,70 @@ union bpf_attr {
  * 		Execute close syscall for given FD.
  * 	Return
  * 		A syscall result.
+ *
+ * long bpf_timer_init(struct bpf_timer *timer, struct bpf_map *map, u64 flags)
+ *	Description
+ *		Initialize the timer.
+ *		First 4 bits of *flags* specify clockid.
+ *		Only CLOCK_MONOTONIC, CLOCK_REALTIME, CLOCK_BOOTTIME are allowed.
+ *		All other bits of *flags* are reserved.
+ *		The verifier will reject the program if *timer* is not from
+ *		the same *map*.
+ *	Return
+ *		0 on success.
+ *		**-EBUSY** if *timer* is already initialized.
+ *		**-EINVAL** if invalid *flags* are passed.
+ *		**-EPERM** if *timer* is in a map that doesn't have any user references.
+ *		The user space should either hold a file descriptor to a map with timers
+ *		or pin such map in bpffs. When map is unpinned or file descriptor is
+ *		closed all timers in the map will be cancelled and freed.
+ *
+ * long bpf_timer_set_callback(struct bpf_timer *timer, void *callback_fn)
+ *	Description
+ *		Configure the timer to call *callback_fn* static function.
+ *	Return
+ *		0 on success.
+ *		**-EINVAL** if *timer* was not initialized with bpf_timer_init() earlier.
+ *		**-EPERM** if *timer* is in a map that doesn't have any user references.
+ *		The user space should either hold a file descriptor to a map with timers
+ *		or pin such map in bpffs. When map is unpinned or file descriptor is
+ *		closed all timers in the map will be cancelled and freed.
+ *
+ * long bpf_timer_start(struct bpf_timer *timer, u64 nsecs, u64 flags)
+ *	Description
+ *		Set timer expiration N nanoseconds from the current time. The
+ *		configured callback will be invoked in soft irq context on some cpu
+ *		and will not repeat unless another bpf_timer_start() is made.
+ *		In such case the next invocation can migrate to a different cpu.
+ *		Since struct bpf_timer is a field inside map element the map
+ *		owns the timer. The bpf_timer_set_callback() will increment refcnt
+ *		of BPF program to make sure that callback_fn code stays valid.
+ *		When user space reference to a map reaches zero all timers
+ *		in a map are cancelled and corresponding program's refcnts are
+ *		decremented. This is done to make sure that Ctrl-C of a user
+ *		process doesn't leave any timers running. If map is pinned in
+ *		bpffs the callback_fn can re-arm itself indefinitely.
+ *		bpf_map_update/delete_elem() helpers and user space sys_bpf commands
+ *		cancel and free the timer in the given map element.
+ *		The map can contain timers that invoke callback_fn-s from different
+ *		programs. The same callback_fn can serve different timers from
+ *		different maps if key/value layout matches across maps.
+ *		Every bpf_timer_set_callback() can have different callback_fn.
+ *
+ *	Return
+ *		0 on success.
+ *		**-EINVAL** if *timer* was not initialized with bpf_timer_init() earlier
+ *		or invalid *flags* are passed.
+ *
+ * long bpf_timer_cancel(struct bpf_timer *timer)
+ *	Description
+ *		Cancel the timer and wait for callback_fn to finish if it was running.
+ *	Return
+ *		0 if the timer was not active.
+ *		1 if the timer was active.
+ *		**-EINVAL** if *timer* was not initialized with bpf_timer_init() earlier.
+ *		**-EDEADLK** if callback_fn tried to call bpf_timer_cancel() on its
+ *		own timer which would have led to a deadlock otherwise.
  */
 #define __BPF_FUNC_MAPPER(FN)		\
 	FN(unspec),			\
@@ -4948,6 +5012,10 @@ union bpf_attr {
 	FN(sys_bpf),			\
 	FN(btf_find_by_name_kind),	\
 	FN(sys_close),			\
+	FN(timer_init),			\
+	FN(timer_set_callback),		\
+	FN(timer_start),		\
+	FN(timer_cancel),		\
 	/* */
 
 /* integer value in 'imm' field of BPF_CALL instruction selects which helper
@@ -6074,6 +6142,11 @@ struct bpf_spin_lock {
 	__u32	val;
 };
 
+struct bpf_timer {
+	__u64 :64;
+	__u64 :64;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
 struct bpf_sysctl {
 	__u32	write;		/* Sysctl is being read (= 0) or written (= 1).
 				 * Allows 1,2,4-byte read, but no write.
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/helpers.c b/kernel/bpf/helpers.c
index 38be3cfc2f58..74b16593983d 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/helpers.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/helpers.c
@@ -999,6 +999,322 @@ const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_snprintf_proto = {
 	.arg5_type	= ARG_CONST_SIZE_OR_ZERO,
 };
 
+/* BPF map elements can contain 'struct bpf_timer'.
+ * Such map owns all of its BPF timers.
+ * 'struct bpf_timer' is allocated as part of map element allocation
+ * and it's zero initialized.
+ * That space is used to keep 'struct bpf_timer_kern'.
+ * bpf_timer_init() allocates 'struct bpf_hrtimer', inits hrtimer, and
+ * remembers 'struct bpf_map *' pointer it's part of.
+ * bpf_timer_set_callback() increments prog refcnt and assign bpf callback_fn.
+ * bpf_timer_start() arms the timer.
+ * If user space reference to a map goes to zero at this point
+ * ops->map_release_uref callback is responsible for cancelling the timers,
+ * freeing their memory, and decrementing prog's refcnts.
+ * bpf_timer_cancel() cancels the timer and decrements prog's refcnt.
+ * Inner maps can contain bpf timers as well. ops->map_release_uref is
+ * freeing the timers when inner map is replaced or deleted by user space.
+ */
+struct bpf_hrtimer {
+	struct hrtimer timer;
+	struct bpf_map *map;
+	struct bpf_prog *prog;
+	void __rcu *callback_fn;
+	void *value;
+};
+
+/* the actual struct hidden inside uapi struct bpf_timer */
+struct bpf_timer_kern {
+	struct bpf_hrtimer *timer;
+	/* bpf_spin_lock is used here instead of spinlock_t to make
+	 * sure that it always fits into space resereved by struct bpf_timer
+	 * regardless of LOCKDEP and spinlock debug flags.
+	 */
+	struct bpf_spin_lock lock;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct bpf_hrtimer *, hrtimer_running);
+
+static enum hrtimer_restart bpf_timer_cb(struct hrtimer *hrtimer)
+{
+	struct bpf_hrtimer *t = container_of(hrtimer, struct bpf_hrtimer, timer);
+	struct bpf_map *map = t->map;
+	void *value = t->value;
+	void *callback_fn;
+	void *key;
+	u32 idx;
+	int ret;
+
+	callback_fn = rcu_dereference_check(t->callback_fn, rcu_read_lock_bh_held());
+	if (!callback_fn)
+		goto out;
+
+	/* bpf_timer_cb() runs in hrtimer_run_softirq. It doesn't migrate and
+	 * cannot be preempted by another bpf_timer_cb() on the same cpu.
+	 * Remember the timer this callback is servicing to prevent
+	 * deadlock if callback_fn() calls bpf_timer_cancel() or
+	 * bpf_map_delete_elem() on the same timer.
+	 */
+	this_cpu_write(hrtimer_running, t);
+	if (map->map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY) {
+		struct bpf_array *array = container_of(map, struct bpf_array, map);
+
+		/* compute the key */
+		idx = ((char *)value - array->value) / array->elem_size;
+		key = &idx;
+	} else { /* hash or lru */
+		key = value - round_up(map->key_size, 8);
+	}
+
+	ret = BPF_CAST_CALL(callback_fn)((u64)(long)map,
+					 (u64)(long)key,
+					 (u64)(long)value, 0, 0);
+	WARN_ON(ret != 0); /* Next patch moves this check into the verifier */
+
+	this_cpu_write(hrtimer_running, NULL);
+out:
+	return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
+}
+
+BPF_CALL_3(bpf_timer_init, struct bpf_timer_kern *, timer, struct bpf_map *, map,
+	   u64, flags)
+{
+	clockid_t clockid = flags & (MAX_CLOCKS - 1);
+	struct bpf_hrtimer *t;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(MAX_CLOCKS != 16);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct bpf_timer_kern) > sizeof(struct bpf_timer));
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(__alignof__(struct bpf_timer_kern) != __alignof__(struct bpf_timer));
+
+	if (in_nmi())
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	if (flags >= MAX_CLOCKS ||
+	    /* similar to timerfd except _ALARM variants are not supported */
+	    (clockid != CLOCK_MONOTONIC &&
+	     clockid != CLOCK_REALTIME &&
+	     clockid != CLOCK_BOOTTIME))
+		return -EINVAL;
+	__bpf_spin_lock_irqsave(&timer->lock);
+	t = timer->timer;
+	if (t) {
+		ret = -EBUSY;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	if (!atomic64_read(&map->usercnt)) {
+		/* maps with timers must be either held by user space
+		 * or pinned in bpffs.
+		 */
+		ret = -EPERM;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	/* allocate hrtimer via map_kmalloc to use memcg accounting */
+	t = bpf_map_kmalloc_node(map, sizeof(*t), GFP_ATOMIC, map->numa_node);
+	if (!t) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	t->value = (void *)timer - map->timer_off;
+	t->map = map;
+	t->prog = NULL;
+	rcu_assign_pointer(t->callback_fn, NULL);
+	hrtimer_init(&t->timer, clockid, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_SOFT);
+	t->timer.function = bpf_timer_cb;
+	timer->timer = t;
+out:
+	__bpf_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timer->lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_timer_init_proto = {
+	.func		= bpf_timer_init,
+	.gpl_only	= true,
+	.ret_type	= RET_INTEGER,
+	.arg1_type	= ARG_PTR_TO_TIMER,
+	.arg2_type	= ARG_CONST_MAP_PTR,
+	.arg3_type	= ARG_ANYTHING,
+};
+
+BPF_CALL_3(bpf_timer_set_callback, struct bpf_timer_kern *, timer, void *, callback_fn,
+	   struct bpf_prog_aux *, aux)
+{
+	struct bpf_prog *prev, *prog = aux->prog;
+	struct bpf_hrtimer *t;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (in_nmi())
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+	__bpf_spin_lock_irqsave(&timer->lock);
+	t = timer->timer;
+	if (!t) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	if (!atomic64_read(&t->map->usercnt)) {
+		/* maps with timers must be either held by user space
+		 * or pinned in bpffs. Otherwise timer might still be
+		 * running even when bpf prog is detached and user space
+		 * is gone, since map_release_uref won't ever be called.
+		 */
+		ret = -EPERM;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	prev = t->prog;
+	if (prev != prog) {
+		/* Bump prog refcnt once. Every bpf_timer_set_callback()
+		 * can pick different callback_fn-s within the same prog.
+		 */
+		prog = bpf_prog_inc_not_zero(prog);
+		if (IS_ERR(prog)) {
+			ret = PTR_ERR(prog);
+			goto out;
+		}
+		if (prev)
+			/* Drop prev prog refcnt when swapping with new prog */
+			bpf_prog_put(prev);
+		t->prog = prog;
+	}
+	rcu_assign_pointer(t->callback_fn, callback_fn);
+out:
+	__bpf_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timer->lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_timer_set_callback_proto = {
+	.func		= bpf_timer_set_callback,
+	.gpl_only	= true,
+	.ret_type	= RET_INTEGER,
+	.arg1_type	= ARG_PTR_TO_TIMER,
+	.arg2_type	= ARG_PTR_TO_FUNC,
+};
+
+BPF_CALL_3(bpf_timer_start, struct bpf_timer_kern *, timer, u64, nsecs, u64, flags)
+{
+	struct bpf_hrtimer *t;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (in_nmi())
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+	if (flags)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	__bpf_spin_lock_irqsave(&timer->lock);
+	t = timer->timer;
+	if (!t || !t->prog) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	hrtimer_start(&t->timer, ns_to_ktime(nsecs), HRTIMER_MODE_REL_SOFT);
+out:
+	__bpf_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timer->lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_timer_start_proto = {
+	.func		= bpf_timer_start,
+	.gpl_only	= true,
+	.ret_type	= RET_INTEGER,
+	.arg1_type	= ARG_PTR_TO_TIMER,
+	.arg2_type	= ARG_ANYTHING,
+	.arg3_type	= ARG_ANYTHING,
+};
+
+static void drop_prog_refcnt(struct bpf_hrtimer *t)
+{
+	struct bpf_prog *prog = t->prog;
+
+	if (prog) {
+		bpf_prog_put(prog);
+		t->prog = NULL;
+		rcu_assign_pointer(t->callback_fn, NULL);
+	}
+}
+
+BPF_CALL_1(bpf_timer_cancel, struct bpf_timer_kern *, timer)
+{
+	struct bpf_hrtimer *t;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (in_nmi())
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+	__bpf_spin_lock_irqsave(&timer->lock);
+	t = timer->timer;
+	if (!t) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	if (this_cpu_read(hrtimer_running) == t) {
+		/* If bpf callback_fn is trying to bpf_timer_cancel()
+		 * its own timer the hrtimer_cancel() will deadlock
+		 * since it waits for callback_fn to finish
+		 */
+		ret = -EDEADLK;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	drop_prog_refcnt(t);
+out:
+	__bpf_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timer->lock);
+	/* Cancel the timer and wait for associated callback to finish
+	 * if it was running.
+	 */
+	ret = ret ?: hrtimer_cancel(&t->timer);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_timer_cancel_proto = {
+	.func		= bpf_timer_cancel,
+	.gpl_only	= true,
+	.ret_type	= RET_INTEGER,
+	.arg1_type	= ARG_PTR_TO_TIMER,
+};
+
+/* This function is called by map_delete/update_elem for individual element and
+ * by ops->map_release_uref when the user space reference to a map reaches zero.
+ */
+void bpf_timer_cancel_and_free(void *val)
+{
+	struct bpf_timer_kern *timer = val;
+	struct bpf_hrtimer *t;
+
+	/* Performance optimization: read timer->timer without lock first. */
+	if (!READ_ONCE(timer->timer))
+		return;
+
+	__bpf_spin_lock_irqsave(&timer->lock);
+	/* re-read it under lock */
+	t = timer->timer;
+	if (!t)
+		goto out;
+	drop_prog_refcnt(t);
+	/* The subsequent bpf_timer_start/cancel() helpers won't be able to use
+	 * this timer, since it won't be initialized.
+	 */
+	timer->timer = NULL;
+out:
+	__bpf_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timer->lock);
+	if (!t)
+		return;
+	/* Cancel the timer and wait for callback to complete if it was running.
+	 * If hrtimer_cancel() can be safely called it's safe to call kfree(t)
+	 * right after for both preallocated and non-preallocated maps.
+	 * The timer->timer = NULL was already done and no code path can
+	 * see address 't' anymore.
+	 *
+	 * Check that bpf_map_delete/update_elem() wasn't called from timer
+	 * callback_fn. In such case don't call hrtimer_cancel() (since it will
+	 * deadlock) and don't call hrtimer_try_to_cancel() (since it will just
+	 * return -1). Though callback_fn is still running on this cpu it's
+	 * safe to do kfree(t) because bpf_timer_cb() read everything it needed
+	 * from 't'. The bpf subprog callback_fn won't be able to access 't',
+	 * since timer->timer = NULL was already done. The timer will be
+	 * effectively cancelled because bpf_timer_cb() will return
+	 * HRTIMER_NORESTART.
+	 */
+	if (this_cpu_read(hrtimer_running) != t)
+		hrtimer_cancel(&t->timer);
+	kfree(t);
+}
+
 const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_task_proto __weak;
 const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_probe_read_user_proto __weak;
 const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_probe_read_user_str_proto __weak;
@@ -1065,6 +1381,14 @@ bpf_base_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id)
 		return &bpf_per_cpu_ptr_proto;
 	case BPF_FUNC_this_cpu_ptr:
 		return &bpf_this_cpu_ptr_proto;
+	case BPF_FUNC_timer_init:
+		return &bpf_timer_init_proto;
+	case BPF_FUNC_timer_set_callback:
+		return &bpf_timer_set_callback_proto;
+	case BPF_FUNC_timer_start:
+		return &bpf_timer_start_proto;
+	case BPF_FUNC_timer_cancel:
+		return &bpf_timer_cancel_proto;
 	default:
 		break;
 	}
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index be38bb930bf1..3d78933687ea 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -4656,6 +4656,38 @@ static int process_spin_lock(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, int regno,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int process_timer_func(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, int regno,
+			      struct bpf_call_arg_meta *meta)
+{
+	struct bpf_reg_state *regs = cur_regs(env), *reg = &regs[regno];
+	bool is_const = tnum_is_const(reg->var_off);
+	struct bpf_map *map = reg->map_ptr;
+	u64 val = reg->var_off.value;
+
+	if (!is_const) {
+		verbose(env,
+			"R%d doesn't have constant offset. bpf_timer has to be at the constant offset\n",
+			regno);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	if (!map->btf) {
+		verbose(env, "map '%s' has to have BTF in order to use bpf_timer\n",
+			map->name);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	if (val) {
+		/* This restriction will be removed in the next patch */
+		verbose(env, "bpf_timer field can only be first in the map value element\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	if (meta->map_ptr) {
+		verbose(env, "verifier bug. Two map pointers in a timer helper\n");
+		return -EFAULT;
+	}
+	meta->map_ptr = map;
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static bool arg_type_is_mem_ptr(enum bpf_arg_type type)
 {
 	return type == ARG_PTR_TO_MEM ||
@@ -4788,6 +4820,7 @@ static const struct bpf_reg_types percpu_btf_ptr_types = { .types = { PTR_TO_PER
 static const struct bpf_reg_types func_ptr_types = { .types = { PTR_TO_FUNC } };
 static const struct bpf_reg_types stack_ptr_types = { .types = { PTR_TO_STACK } };
 static const struct bpf_reg_types const_str_ptr_types = { .types = { PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE } };
+static const struct bpf_reg_types timer_types = { .types = { PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE } };
 
 static const struct bpf_reg_types *compatible_reg_types[__BPF_ARG_TYPE_MAX] = {
 	[ARG_PTR_TO_MAP_KEY]		= &map_key_value_types,
@@ -4819,6 +4852,7 @@ static const struct bpf_reg_types *compatible_reg_types[__BPF_ARG_TYPE_MAX] = {
 	[ARG_PTR_TO_FUNC]		= &func_ptr_types,
 	[ARG_PTR_TO_STACK_OR_NULL]	= &stack_ptr_types,
 	[ARG_PTR_TO_CONST_STR]		= &const_str_ptr_types,
+	[ARG_PTR_TO_TIMER]		= &timer_types,
 };
 
 static int check_reg_type(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, u32 regno,
@@ -4948,6 +4982,10 @@ static int check_func_arg(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, u32 arg,
 
 	if (arg_type == ARG_CONST_MAP_PTR) {
 		/* bpf_map_xxx(map_ptr) call: remember that map_ptr */
+		if (meta->map_ptr && meta->map_ptr != reg->map_ptr) {
+			verbose(env, "Map pointer doesn't match bpf_timer.\n");
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
 		meta->map_ptr = reg->map_ptr;
 	} else if (arg_type == ARG_PTR_TO_MAP_KEY) {
 		/* bpf_map_xxx(..., map_ptr, ..., key) call:
@@ -5000,6 +5038,9 @@ static int check_func_arg(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, u32 arg,
 			verbose(env, "verifier internal error\n");
 			return -EFAULT;
 		}
+	} else if (arg_type == ARG_PTR_TO_TIMER) {
+		if (process_timer_func(env, regno, meta))
+			return -EACCES;
 	} else if (arg_type == ARG_PTR_TO_FUNC) {
 		meta->subprogno = reg->subprogno;
 	} else if (arg_type_is_mem_ptr(arg_type)) {
@@ -5742,6 +5783,34 @@ static int set_map_elem_callback_state(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int set_timer_callback_state(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
+				    struct bpf_func_state *caller,
+				    struct bpf_func_state *callee,
+				    int insn_idx)
+{
+	struct bpf_map *map_ptr = caller->regs[BPF_REG_1].map_ptr;
+
+	/* bpf_timer_set_callback(struct bpf_timer *timer, void *callback_fn);
+	 * callback_fn(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *value);
+	 */
+	callee->regs[BPF_REG_1].type = CONST_PTR_TO_MAP;
+	__mark_reg_known_zero(&callee->regs[BPF_REG_1]);
+	callee->regs[BPF_REG_1].map_ptr = map_ptr;
+
+	callee->regs[BPF_REG_2].type = PTR_TO_MAP_KEY;
+	__mark_reg_known_zero(&callee->regs[BPF_REG_2]);
+	callee->regs[BPF_REG_2].map_ptr = map_ptr;
+
+	callee->regs[BPF_REG_3].type = PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE;
+	__mark_reg_known_zero(&callee->regs[BPF_REG_3]);
+	callee->regs[BPF_REG_3].map_ptr = map_ptr;
+
+	/* unused */
+	__mark_reg_not_init(env, &callee->regs[BPF_REG_4]);
+	__mark_reg_not_init(env, &callee->regs[BPF_REG_5]);
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static int prepare_func_exit(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, int *insn_idx)
 {
 	struct bpf_verifier_state *state = env->cur_state;
@@ -6069,6 +6138,13 @@ static int check_helper_call(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, struct bpf_insn *insn
 			return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
+	if (func_id == BPF_FUNC_timer_set_callback) {
+		err = __check_func_call(env, insn, insn_idx_p, meta.subprogno,
+					set_timer_callback_state);
+		if (err < 0)
+			return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
 	if (func_id == BPF_FUNC_snprintf) {
 		err = check_bpf_snprintf_call(env, regs);
 		if (err < 0)
@@ -12586,6 +12662,39 @@ static int do_misc_fixups(struct bpf_verifier_env *env)
 			continue;
 		}
 
+		if (insn->imm == BPF_FUNC_timer_set_callback) {
+			/* The verifier will process callback_fn as many times as necessary
+			 * with different maps and the register states prepared by
+			 * set_timer_callback_state will be accurate.
+			 *
+			 * The following use case is valid:
+			 *   map1 is shared by prog1, prog2, prog3.
+			 *   prog1 calls bpf_timer_init for some map1 elements
+			 *   prog2 calls bpf_timer_set_callback for some map1 elements.
+			 *     Those that were not bpf_timer_init-ed will return -EINVAL.
+			 *   prog3 calls bpf_timer_start for some map1 elements.
+			 *     Those that were not both bpf_timer_init-ed and
+			 *     bpf_timer_set_callback-ed will return -EINVAL.
+			 */
+			struct bpf_insn ld_addrs[2] = {
+				BPF_LD_IMM64(BPF_REG_3, (long)prog->aux),
+			};
+
+			insn_buf[0] = ld_addrs[0];
+			insn_buf[1] = ld_addrs[1];
+			insn_buf[2] = *insn;
+			cnt = 3;
+
+			new_prog = bpf_patch_insn_data(env, i + delta, insn_buf, cnt);
+			if (!new_prog)
+				return -ENOMEM;
+
+			delta    += cnt - 1;
+			env->prog = prog = new_prog;
+			insn      = new_prog->insnsi + i + delta;
+			goto patch_call_imm;
+		}
+
 		/* BPF_EMIT_CALL() assumptions in some of the map_gen_lookup
 		 * and other inlining handlers are currently limited to 64 bit
 		 * only.
diff --git a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
index 64bd2d84367f..6c77d25137e0 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
@@ -1059,7 +1059,7 @@ bpf_tracing_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 	case BPF_FUNC_snprintf:
 		return &bpf_snprintf_proto;
 	default:
-		return NULL;
+		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id);
 	}
 }
 
diff --git a/scripts/bpf_doc.py b/scripts/bpf_doc.py
index 2d94025b38e9..00ac7b79cddb 100755
--- a/scripts/bpf_doc.py
+++ b/scripts/bpf_doc.py
@@ -547,6 +547,7 @@ COMMANDS
             'struct inode',
             'struct socket',
             'struct file',
+            'struct bpf_timer',
     ]
     known_types = {
             '...',
@@ -594,6 +595,7 @@ COMMANDS
             'struct inode',
             'struct socket',
             'struct file',
+            'struct bpf_timer',
     }
     mapped_types = {
             'u8': '__u8',
diff --git a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index b46a383e8db7..ad5ce5ea76bf 100644
--- a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -4777,6 +4777,70 @@ union bpf_attr {
  * 		Execute close syscall for given FD.
  * 	Return
  * 		A syscall result.
+ *
+ * long bpf_timer_init(struct bpf_timer *timer, struct bpf_map *map, u64 flags)
+ *	Description
+ *		Initialize the timer.
+ *		First 4 bits of *flags* specify clockid.
+ *		Only CLOCK_MONOTONIC, CLOCK_REALTIME, CLOCK_BOOTTIME are allowed.
+ *		All other bits of *flags* are reserved.
+ *		The verifier will reject the program if *timer* is not from
+ *		the same *map*.
+ *	Return
+ *		0 on success.
+ *		**-EBUSY** if *timer* is already initialized.
+ *		**-EINVAL** if invalid *flags* are passed.
+ *		**-EPERM** if *timer* is in a map that doesn't have any user references.
+ *		The user space should either hold a file descriptor to a map with timers
+ *		or pin such map in bpffs. When map is unpinned or file descriptor is
+ *		closed all timers in the map will be cancelled and freed.
+ *
+ * long bpf_timer_set_callback(struct bpf_timer *timer, void *callback_fn)
+ *	Description
+ *		Configure the timer to call *callback_fn* static function.
+ *	Return
+ *		0 on success.
+ *		**-EINVAL** if *timer* was not initialized with bpf_timer_init() earlier.
+ *		**-EPERM** if *timer* is in a map that doesn't have any user references.
+ *		The user space should either hold a file descriptor to a map with timers
+ *		or pin such map in bpffs. When map is unpinned or file descriptor is
+ *		closed all timers in the map will be cancelled and freed.
+ *
+ * long bpf_timer_start(struct bpf_timer *timer, u64 nsecs, u64 flags)
+ *	Description
+ *		Set timer expiration N nanoseconds from the current time. The
+ *		configured callback will be invoked in soft irq context on some cpu
+ *		and will not repeat unless another bpf_timer_start() is made.
+ *		In such case the next invocation can migrate to a different cpu.
+ *		Since struct bpf_timer is a field inside map element the map
+ *		owns the timer. The bpf_timer_set_callback() will increment refcnt
+ *		of BPF program to make sure that callback_fn code stays valid.
+ *		When user space reference to a map reaches zero all timers
+ *		in a map are cancelled and corresponding program's refcnts are
+ *		decremented. This is done to make sure that Ctrl-C of a user
+ *		process doesn't leave any timers running. If map is pinned in
+ *		bpffs the callback_fn can re-arm itself indefinitely.
+ *		bpf_map_update/delete_elem() helpers and user space sys_bpf commands
+ *		cancel and free the timer in the given map element.
+ *		The map can contain timers that invoke callback_fn-s from different
+ *		programs. The same callback_fn can serve different timers from
+ *		different maps if key/value layout matches across maps.
+ *		Every bpf_timer_set_callback() can have different callback_fn.
+ *
+ *	Return
+ *		0 on success.
+ *		**-EINVAL** if *timer* was not initialized with bpf_timer_init() earlier
+ *		or invalid *flags* are passed.
+ *
+ * long bpf_timer_cancel(struct bpf_timer *timer)
+ *	Description
+ *		Cancel the timer and wait for callback_fn to finish if it was running.
+ *	Return
+ *		0 if the timer was not active.
+ *		1 if the timer was active.
+ *		**-EINVAL** if *timer* was not initialized with bpf_timer_init() earlier.
+ *		**-EDEADLK** if callback_fn tried to call bpf_timer_cancel() on its
+ *		own timer which would have led to a deadlock otherwise.
  */
 #define __BPF_FUNC_MAPPER(FN)		\
 	FN(unspec),			\
@@ -4948,6 +5012,10 @@ union bpf_attr {
 	FN(sys_bpf),			\
 	FN(btf_find_by_name_kind),	\
 	FN(sys_close),			\
+	FN(timer_init),			\
+	FN(timer_set_callback),		\
+	FN(timer_start),		\
+	FN(timer_cancel),		\
 	/* */
 
 /* integer value in 'imm' field of BPF_CALL instruction selects which helper
@@ -6074,6 +6142,11 @@ struct bpf_spin_lock {
 	__u32	val;
 };
 
+struct bpf_timer {
+	__u64 :64;
+	__u64 :64;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
 struct bpf_sysctl {
 	__u32	write;		/* Sysctl is being read (= 0) or written (= 1).
 				 * Allows 1,2,4-byte read, but no write.
-- 
2.30.2


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-07-15  0:54 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-15  0:54 [PATCH v7 bpf-next 00/11] bpf: Introduce BPF timers Alexei Starovoitov
2021-07-15  0:54 ` [PATCH v7 bpf-next 01/11] bpf: Prepare bpf_prog_put() to be called from irq context Alexei Starovoitov
2021-07-15  0:54 ` [PATCH v7 bpf-next 02/11] bpf: Factor out bpf_spin_lock into helpers Alexei Starovoitov
2021-07-15  0:54 ` Alexei Starovoitov [this message]
2021-07-15  0:54 ` [PATCH v7 bpf-next 04/11] bpf: Add map side support for bpf timers Alexei Starovoitov
2021-07-15  0:54 ` [PATCH v7 bpf-next 05/11] bpf: Prevent pointer mismatch in bpf_timer_init Alexei Starovoitov
2021-07-15  0:54 ` [PATCH v7 bpf-next 06/11] bpf: Remember BTF of inner maps Alexei Starovoitov
2021-07-15  0:54 ` [PATCH v7 bpf-next 07/11] bpf: Relax verifier recursion check Alexei Starovoitov
2021-07-15  0:54 ` [PATCH v7 bpf-next 08/11] bpf: Implement verifier support for validation of async callbacks Alexei Starovoitov
2022-01-04 17:15   ` Kris Van Hees
2022-01-04 18:19     ` Alexei Starovoitov
2021-07-15  0:54 ` [PATCH v7 bpf-next 09/11] bpf: Teach stack depth check about " Alexei Starovoitov
2021-07-15  0:54 ` [PATCH v7 bpf-next 10/11] selftests/bpf: Add bpf_timer test Alexei Starovoitov
2021-07-15  0:54 ` [PATCH v7 bpf-next 11/11] selftests/bpf: Add a test with bpf_timer in inner map Alexei Starovoitov
2021-07-15 20:40 ` [PATCH v7 bpf-next 00/11] bpf: Introduce BPF timers patchwork-bot+netdevbpf

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