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From: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii.nakryiko@gmail.com>
To: Johan Almbladh <johan.almbladh@anyfinetworks.com>
Cc: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>, Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>,
	Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>,
	Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>,
	Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>, Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>,
	John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>,
	KP Singh <kpsingh@kernel.org>,
	Tony Ambardar <Tony.Ambardar@gmail.com>,
	Networking <netdev@vger.kernel.org>, bpf <bpf@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] bpf: Fix off-by-one in tail call count limiting
Date: Thu, 5 Aug 2021 15:54:17 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAEf4BzbOFcU10qwnJinE3z0UEgYaJHJRjVgN1NVa8H-7iFm8uQ@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAM1=_QQy=9gE=aULn5owSssh1H2Vu__X98xON6KGgC91BLkqJQ@mail.gmail.com>

On Thu, Aug 5, 2021 at 7:38 AM Johan Almbladh
<johan.almbladh@anyfinetworks.com> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Aug 2, 2021 at 10:28 PM Andrii Nakryiko
> <andrii.nakryiko@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Sun, Aug 1, 2021 at 1:38 AM Johan Almbladh
> > <johan.almbladh@anyfinetworks.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Fri, Jul 30, 2021 at 12:48 AM Andrii Nakryiko
> > > <andrii.nakryiko@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > On Thu, Jul 29, 2021 at 3:29 PM Andrii Nakryiko
> > > > <andrii.nakryiko@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > On Thu, Jul 29, 2021 at 2:38 PM Johan Almbladh
> > > > > <johan.almbladh@anyfinetworks.com> wrote:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > On Wed, Jul 28, 2021 at 9:13 PM Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> wrote:
> > > > > > > I also checked arm/arm64 jit. I saw the following comments:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > >          /* if (tail_call_cnt > MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT)
> > > > > > >           *      goto out;
> > > > > > >           * tail_call_cnt++;
> > > > > > >           */
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Maybe we have this MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT + 1 issue
> > > > > > > for arm/arm64 jit?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > That wouldn't be unreasonable. I don't have an arm or arm64 setup
> > > > > > available right now, but I can try to test it in qemu.
> > > > >
> > > > > On a brief check, there seems to be quite a mess in terms of the code
> > > > > and comments.
> > > > >
> > > > > E.g., in arch/x86/net/bpf_jit_comp32.c:
> > > > >
> > > > >         /*
> > > > >          * if (tail_call_cnt > MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT)
> > > > >          *     goto out;
> > > > >          */
> > > > >
> > > > >                             ^^^^ here comment is wrong
> > > > >
> > > > >         [...]
> > > > >
> > > > >         /* cmp edx,hi */
> > > > >         EMIT3(0x83, add_1reg(0xF8, IA32_EBX), hi);
> > > > >         EMIT2(IA32_JNE, 3);
> > > > >         /* cmp ecx,lo */
> > > > >         EMIT3(0x83, add_1reg(0xF8, IA32_ECX), lo);
> > > > >
> > > > >         /* ja out */
> > > > >         EMIT2(IA32_JAE, jmp_label(jmp_label1, 2));
> > > > >
> > > > >         ^^^ JAE is >=, right? But the comment says JA.
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > As for arch/x86/net/bpf_jit_comp.c, both comment and the code seem to
> > > > > do > MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT, but you are saying JIT is correct. What am I
> > > > > missing?
> > > > >
> > > > > Can you please check all the places where MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT is used
> > > > > throughout the code? Let's clean this up in one go.
> > > > >
> > > > > Also, given it's so easy to do this off-by-one error, can you please
> > > > > add a negative test validating that 33 tail calls are not allowed? I
> > > > > assume we have a positive test that allows exactly MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT,
> > > > > but please double-check that as well.
> > > >
> > > > Ok, I see that you've added this in your bpf tests patch set. Please
> > > > consider, additionally, implementing a similar test as part of
> > > > selftests/bpf (specifically in test_progs). We run test_progs
> > > > continuously in CI for every incoming patch/patchset, so it has much
> > > > higher chances of capturing any regressions.
> > > >
> > > > I'm also thinking that this MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT change should probably
> > > > go into the bpf-next tree. First, this off-by-one behavior was around
> > > > for a while and it doesn't cause serious issues, even if abused. But
> > > > on the other hand, it will make your tail call tests fail, when
> > > > applied into bpf-next without your change. So I think we should apply
> > > > both into bpf-next.
> > >
> > > I can confirm that the off-by-one behaviour is present on arm. Below
> > > is the test output running on qemu. Test #4 calls itself recursively
> > > and increments a counter each time, so the correct result should be 1
> > > + MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT.
> > >
> > > test_bpf: #0 Tail call leaf jited:1 71 PASS
> > > test_bpf: #1 Tail call 2 jited:1 134 PASS
> > > test_bpf: #2 Tail call 3 jited:1 164 PASS
> > > test_bpf: #3 Tail call 4 jited:1 257 PASS
> > > test_bpf: #4 Tail call error path, max count reached jited:1 ret 34 != 33 FAIL
> > > test_bpf: #5 Tail call error path, NULL target jited:1 114 PASS
> > > test_bpf: #6 Tail call error path, index out of range jited:1 112 PASS
> > > test_bpf: test_tail_calls: Summary: 6 PASSED, 1 FAILED, [7/7 JIT'ed]
> > >
> > > The MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT constant is referenced in the following JITs.
> > >
> > > arch/arm64/net/bpf_jit_comp.c
> > > arch/arm/net/bpf_jit_32.c
> > > arch/mips/net/ebpf_jit.c
> > > arch/powerpc/net/bpf_jit_comp32.c
> > > arch/powerpc/net/bpf_jit_comp64.c
> > > arch/riscv/net/bpf_jit_comp32.c
> > > arch/riscv/net/bpf_jit_comp64.c
> > > arch/s390/net/bpf_jit_comp.c
> > > arch/sparc/net/bpf_jit_comp_64.c
> > > arch/x86/net/bpf_jit_comp32.c
> > > arch/x86/net/bpf_jit_comp.c
> > >
> > > The x86 JITs all pass the test, even though the comments are wrong.
> > > The comments can easily be fixed of course. For JITs that have the
> > > off-by-one behaviour, an easy fix would be to change all occurrences
> > > of MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT to MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT - 1. We must first know
> > > which JITs affected though.
> >
> > If you are going to fix ARM, please send a fix to comments for x86 as well.
> >
> > >
> > > The fix is easy but setting up the test is hard. It took me quite some
> > > time to get the qemu/arm setup up and running. If the same has to be
> > > done for arm64, mips64, powerpc, powerpc64, riscv32, risc64, sparc and
> > > s390, I will need some help with this. If someone already has a
> > > working setup for any of the systems, the test can be performed on
> > > that.
> > >
> >
> > Unfortunately, I myself have only x86-64 setup. libbpf
> > CI/kernel-patches CI we use to run all tests are running selftests
> > against x86-64 only as well. There was temporarily halted effort to
> > add s390x support as well, but it's not done yet. No one yet
> > volunteered to set up any other platforms and I don't know if that's
> > possible and how hard it would be to do within Github Actions platform
> > we are currently using.
> >
> > So in short, I understand the challenges of testing all those
> > platforms and I don't really expect any single person to do all that
> > work. I've applied your fix, please follow up with ARM and comment
> > fixes.
>
> Thanks! I will fix the ARM JIT and the comments, then submit an
> updated patch set for the test suite with changes after Yonghong's
> review.
>
> My current test setup can easily cross-compile the kernel with busybox
> as userspace. However, getting it to run on QEMU has required some
> amount of detective work. Every platforms seems to be different in
> terms of what to boot (vmlinux, zImage, bzImage), how to boot it (dtb,
> bios, uBoot requirements) and QEMU vs Kconfig settings. Currently I
> can run i386, x86_64, MIPS, MIPS64 and ARM under QEMU. I can verify

At some point I tried to setup MIPS and ARM qemu and eventually just
gave up. So if you have it figured out, it would be nice to document
and share the process somewhere, for future needs.

> and if needed fix the JIT on some of the other platforms as well, if I
> can get it to run on QEMU with a reasonable effort. However, I cannot
> build for RISC-V since I don't have a toolchain for that. I build my
> toolchains with crosstool-ng using libmusl, and the latter does not
> currently support RISC-V.
>
> As a side note, I think having a QEMU-compatible defconfig for each
> platform would make it easier to test arch-specific code. It could
> also be a first step towards fully automated arch-specific CI.
>
> Sorry for being a bit slow to respond. I am currently travelling with
> only sporadic access to e-mail.
>
> >
> > > Or perhaps there is a better way to do this? If I implement a similar
> > > test in selftest/bpf, that would trigger the CI when the patch is
> > > submitted and we will see which JITs we need to fix.
> >
> > The other nice benefit of implementing this in selftest/bpf, besides
> > continuous testing, is that you write it in C, which allows you to
> > express much more complicated logic more easily.
> >
> > >
> > > > On a related topic, please don't forget to include the target kernel
> > > > tree for your patches: [PATCH bpf] or [PATCH bpf-next].
> > >
> > > I'll add that! All patches I sent related to this are for the bpf-next tree.
> > >
> > > Johan

      reply	other threads:[~2021-08-05 22:54 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 27+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-26  8:17 [RFC PATCH 00/14] bpf/tests: Extend the eBPF test suite Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 01/14] bpf/tests: add BPF_JMP32 test cases Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 02/14] bpf/tests: add BPF_MOV tests for zero and sign extension Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 03/14] bpf/tests: fix typos in test case descriptions Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 04/14] bpf/tests: add more tests of ALU32 and ALU64 bitwise operations Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 05/14] bpf/tests: add more ALU32 tests for BPF_LSH/RSH/ARSH Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 06/14] bpf/tests: add more BPF_LSH/RSH/ARSH tests for ALU64 Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 07/14] bpf/tests: add more ALU64 BPF_MUL tests Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 08/14] bpf/tests: add tests for ALU operations implemented with function calls Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 09/14] bpf/tests: add word-order tests for load/store of double words Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 10/14] bpf/tests: add branch conversion JIT test Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 11/14] bpf/tests: add test for 32-bit context pointer argument passing Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 12/14] bpf/tests: add tests for atomic operations Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 13/14] bpf/tests: add tests for BPF_CMPXCHG Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26  8:17 ` [RFC PATCH 14/14] bpf/tests: add tail call test suite Johan Almbladh
2021-07-26 22:53 ` [RFC PATCH 00/14] bpf/tests: Extend the eBPF " Andrii Nakryiko
2021-07-28  8:27   ` Daniel Borkmann
2021-07-28 12:15     ` Johan Almbladh
2021-07-28 16:47     ` [PATCH] bpf: Fix off-by-one in tail call count limiting Johan Almbladh
2021-07-28 19:13       ` Yonghong Song
2021-07-29 21:37         ` Johan Almbladh
2021-07-29 22:29           ` Andrii Nakryiko
2021-07-29 22:48             ` Andrii Nakryiko
2021-08-01  8:37               ` Johan Almbladh
2021-08-02 20:28                 ` Andrii Nakryiko
2021-08-05 14:37                   ` Johan Almbladh
2021-08-05 22:54                     ` Andrii Nakryiko [this message]

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