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From: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <desmondcheongzx@gmail.com>
To: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>,
	marcel@holtmann.org, johan.hedberg@gmail.com,
	luiz.dentz@gmail.com, davem@davemloft.net, kuba@kernel.org,
	sudipm.mukherjee@gmail.com
Cc: linux-bluetooth@vger.kernel.org, netdev@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, skhan@linuxfoundation.org,
	gregkh@linuxfoundation.org,
	linux-kernel-mentees@lists.linuxfoundation.org,
	syzbot+2f6d7c28bb4bf7e82060@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v6 1/6] Bluetooth: schedule SCO timeouts with delayed_work
Date: Thu, 2 Sep 2021 15:32:27 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <bad67d05-366b-bebe-cbdb-6555386497de@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <0b33a7fe-4da0-058c-cff3-16bb5cfe8f45@gmail.com>

On 2/9/21 3:17 pm, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> 
> 
> On 8/9/21 9:14 PM, Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi wrote:
>> struct sock.sk_timer should be used as a sock cleanup timer. However,
>> SCO uses it to implement sock timeouts.
>>
>> This causes issues because struct sock.sk_timer's callback is run in
>> an IRQ context, and the timer callback function sco_sock_timeout takes
>> a spin lock on the socket. However, other functions such as
>> sco_conn_del and sco_conn_ready take the spin lock with interrupts
>> enabled.
>>
>> This inconsistent {SOFTIRQ-ON-W} -> {IN-SOFTIRQ-W} lock usage could
>> lead to deadlocks as reported by Syzbot [1]:
>>         CPU0
>>         ----
>>    lock(slock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO);
>>    <Interrupt>
>>      lock(slock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO);
>>
>> To fix this, we use delayed work to implement SCO sock timouts
>> instead. This allows us to avoid taking the spin lock on the socket in
>> an IRQ context, and corrects the misuse of struct sock.sk_timer.
>>
>> As a note, cancel_delayed_work is used instead of
>> cancel_delayed_work_sync in sco_sock_set_timer and
>> sco_sock_clear_timer to avoid a deadlock. In the future, the call to
>> bh_lock_sock inside sco_sock_timeout should be changed to lock_sock to
>> synchronize with other functions using lock_sock. However, since
>> sco_sock_set_timer and sco_sock_clear_timer are sometimes called under
>> the locked socket (in sco_connect and __sco_sock_close),
>> cancel_delayed_work_sync might cause them to sleep until an
>> sco_sock_timeout that has started finishes running. But
>> sco_sock_timeout would also sleep until it can grab the lock_sock.
>>
>> Using cancel_delayed_work is fine because sco_sock_timeout does not
>> change from run to run, hence there is no functional difference
>> between:
>> 1. waiting for a timeout to finish running before scheduling another
>> timeout
>> 2. scheduling another timeout while a timeout is running.
>>
>> Link: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?id=9089d89de0502e120f234ca0fc8a703f7368b31e [1]
>> Reported-by: syzbot+2f6d7c28bb4bf7e82060@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
>> Tested-by: syzbot+2f6d7c28bb4bf7e82060@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
>> Signed-off-by: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <desmondcheongzx@gmail.com>
>> ---
>>   net/bluetooth/sco.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
>>   1 file changed, 29 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/net/bluetooth/sco.c b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
>> index ffa2a77a3e4c..62e638f971a9 100644
>> --- a/net/bluetooth/sco.c
>> +++ b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
>> @@ -48,6 +48,8 @@ struct sco_conn {
>>   	spinlock_t	lock;
>>   	struct sock	*sk;
>>   
>> +	struct delayed_work	timeout_work;
>> +
>>   	unsigned int    mtu;
>>   };
>>   
>> @@ -74,9 +76,20 @@ struct sco_pinfo {
>>   #define SCO_CONN_TIMEOUT	(HZ * 40)
>>   #define SCO_DISCONN_TIMEOUT	(HZ * 2)
>>   
>> -static void sco_sock_timeout(struct timer_list *t)
>> +static void sco_sock_timeout(struct work_struct *work)
>>   {
>> -	struct sock *sk = from_timer(sk, t, sk_timer);
>> +	struct sco_conn *conn = container_of(work, struct sco_conn,
>> +					     timeout_work.work);
>> +	struct sock *sk;
>> +
>> +	sco_conn_lock(conn);
>> +	sk = conn->sk;
>> +	if (sk)
>> +		sock_hold(sk);
> 
> syzbot complains here that sk refcount can be zero at this time.
> 
> refcount_t: addition on 0; use-after-free.
> WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 10451 at lib/refcount.c:25 refcount_warn_saturate+0x169/0x1e0 lib/refcount.c:25
> Modules linked in:
> CPU: 0 PID: 10451 Comm: kworker/0:8 Not tainted 5.14.0-rc7-syzkaller #0
> Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS Google 01/01/2011
> Workqueue: events sco_sock_timeout
> RIP: 0010:refcount_warn_saturate+0x169/0x1e0 lib/refcount.c:25
> Code: 09 31 ff 89 de e8 d7 c9 9e fd 84 db 0f 85 36 ff ff ff e8 8a c3 9e fd 48 c7 c7 20 8f e3 89 c6 05 e8 7f 81 09 01 e8 f0 98 16 05 <0f> 0b e9 17 ff ff ff e8 6b c3 9e fd 0f b6 1d cd 7f 81 09 31 ff 89
> RSP: 0018:ffffc9001766fce8 EFLAGS: 00010282
> RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 0000000000000000
> RDX: ffff88802cea3880 RSI: ffffffff815d87a5 RDI: fffff52002ecdf8f
> RBP: 0000000000000002 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
> R10: ffffffff815d25de R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff88806d23ce08
> R13: ffff8880712c8080 R14: ffff88802edf4500 R15: ffff8880b9c51240
> FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff8880b9c00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> CR2: 00007f3748c20000 CR3: 0000000017644000 CR4: 00000000001506f0
> DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> Call Trace:
>   __refcount_add include/linux/refcount.h:199 [inline]
>   __refcount_inc include/linux/refcount.h:250 [inline]
>   refcount_inc include/linux/refcount.h:267 [inline]
>   sock_hold include/net/sock.h:702 [inline]
>   sco_sock_timeout+0x216/0x290 net/bluetooth/sco.c:88
>   process_one_work+0x98d/0x1630 kernel/workqueue.c:2276
>   worker_thread+0x658/0x11f0 kernel/workqueue.c:2422
>   kthread+0x3e5/0x4d0 kernel/kthread.c:319
> 
> 
>> +	sco_conn_unlock(conn);
>> +
>> +	if (!sk)
>> +		return;
>>   
>>   	BT_DBG("sock %p state %d", sk, sk->sk_state);
>>   
>> @@ -91,14 +104,21 @@ static void sco_sock_timeout(struct timer_list *t)
>>   
>>   static void sco_sock_set_timer(struct sock *sk, long timeout)
>>   {
>> +	if (!sco_pi(sk)->conn)
>> +		return;
>> +
>>   	BT_DBG("sock %p state %d timeout %ld", sk, sk->sk_state, timeout);
>> -	sk_reset_timer(sk, &sk->sk_timer, jiffies + timeout);
>> +	cancel_delayed_work(&sco_pi(sk)->conn->timeout_work);
>> +	schedule_delayed_work(&sco_pi(sk)->conn->timeout_work, timeout);
> 
>>   }
>>   
>>   static void sco_sock_clear_timer(struct sock *sk)
>>   {
>> +	if (!sco_pi(sk)->conn)
>> +		return;
>> +
>>   	BT_DBG("sock %p state %d", sk, sk->sk_state);
>> -	sk_stop_timer(sk, &sk->sk_timer);
>> +	cancel_delayed_work(&sco_pi(sk)->conn->timeout_work);
> 
> 
>>   }
>>   
>>   /* ---- SCO connections ---- */
>> @@ -179,6 +199,9 @@ static void sco_conn_del(struct hci_conn *hcon, int err)
>>   		bh_unlock_sock(sk);
>>   		sco_sock_kill(sk);
>>   		sock_put(sk);
>> +
>> +		/* Ensure no more work items will run before freeing conn. */
> 
> Maybe you should have done this cancel_delayed_work_sync() before the prior sock_put(sk) ?
> 
>> +		cancel_delayed_work_sync(&conn->timeout_work);
>>   	}
>>   
>>   	hcon->sco_data = NULL;
>> @@ -193,6 +216,8 @@ static void __sco_chan_add(struct sco_conn *conn, struct sock *sk,
>>   	sco_pi(sk)->conn = conn;
>>   	conn->sk = sk;
>>   
>> +	INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&conn->timeout_work, sco_sock_timeout);
>> +
>>   	if (parent)
>>   		bt_accept_enqueue(parent, sk, true);
>>   }
>> @@ -500,8 +525,6 @@ static struct sock *sco_sock_alloc(struct net *net, struct socket *sock,
>>   
>>   	sco_pi(sk)->setting = BT_VOICE_CVSD_16BIT;
>>   
>> -	timer_setup(&sk->sk_timer, sco_sock_timeout, 0);
>> -
>>   	bt_sock_link(&sco_sk_list, sk);
>>   	return sk;
>>   }
>>

Hi Eric,

This actually seems to be a pre-existing error in sco_sock_connect that 
we now hit in sco_sock_timeout.

Any thoughts on the following patch to address the problem?

Link: 
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210831065601.101185-1-desmondcheongzx@gmail.com/

  reply	other threads:[~2021-09-02 19:32 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 14+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-10  4:14 [PATCH v6 0/6] Bluetooth: fix locking and socket killing in SCO and RFCOMM Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-10  4:14 ` [PATCH v6 1/6] Bluetooth: schedule SCO timeouts with delayed_work Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-09-02 19:17   ` Eric Dumazet
2021-09-02 19:32     ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi [this message]
2021-09-02 21:41       ` Eric Dumazet
2021-09-02 22:53         ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-09-02 23:05           ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-09-02 23:42             ` Luiz Augusto von Dentz
2021-09-03  3:17               ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-10  4:14 ` [PATCH v6 2/6] Bluetooth: avoid circular locks in sco_sock_connect Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-10  4:14 ` [PATCH v6 3/6] Bluetooth: switch to lock_sock in SCO Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-10  4:14 ` [PATCH v6 4/6] Bluetooth: serialize calls to sco_sock_{set,clear}_timer Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-10  4:14 ` [PATCH v6 5/6] Bluetooth: switch to lock_sock in RFCOMM Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-10  4:14 ` [PATCH v6 6/6] Bluetooth: fix repeated calls to sco_sock_kill Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi

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